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Ilxbcral  Hrts 


Professor  Charles  Henry  Chandler 













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THE  life  of  Charles  Henry  Chandler  was  spent  in  the 
devoted  service  of  his  fellowmen. 

Born  in  New  Ipswich,  New  Hampshire,  in  1840,  Mr. 
Chandler  prepared  for  college  at  its  district  schools  and  acad- 
emy, in  each  of  which  he  had  been  teacher  as  well  as  pupil.  In 
1865,  he  entered  Dartmouth  College,  from  which  he  was  grad- 
uated with  highest  honor  in  1868.  Although  first  scholar  of 
his  class,  his  greatest  achievement  was  not  that  of  scholarship. 
A  classmate  has  said  of  him:  "I  doubt  if  he  committed  a 
single  act  in  college  which  he  would  wish  concealed  from  his 
oldest  friends :  so  consistent  was  his  life  with  his  profession  of 
Christian  principles."  The  integrity  of  such  a  character,  to- 
gether with  his  sound  mind  and  high  ideals,  made  him  a  great 
power  for  good  among  his  associates. 

After  a  useful  experience  in  academic  teaching,  he  was 
called  in  1871  to  the  chair  of  Physics  and  Chemistry  in  Antioch 
College,  Yellow  Springs,  Ohio.  He  occupied  this  position  for 
ten  years.  Efficient  along  various  lines.  Professor  Chandler's 
work  was  peculiarly  valuable  to  a  college  not  at  that  time  rich 
in  resources ;  and  he  left  upon  it  a  permanent  impress  of  his 
abilities  and  character.  From  Antioch,  in  1881,  he  w^ent  to 
Ripon  College,  Ripon,  Wisconsin,  as  professor  of  Chemistry, 
Physics,  and  Mathematics.  In  this  service  he  remained  until 
1906,  being  then  retired  as  Professor  Emeritus.  The  words 
of  one  formerly  a  student  at  Ripon  are  an  impressive  tribute 
to  his  value  and  influence: 

"He  was  a  rare  teacher.  He  knew  his  subject  and  spoke 
in  terms  of  his  pupils.  Being  thus  found  in  fashion  as  a  pupil, 
we  highly  exalted  him  as  a  teacher.  He  imparted  that  intangi- 
ble force  which  is  the  true  essence  of  a  teacher:  teaching 
what  he  was,  not  voluntarily  but  involuntarily.  We  remember 
rare  pauses  and  parentheses  in  recitation — the  getting  oflf  the 



track,  which  is  characteristic  of  a  teacher  whose  tracks  are 
laid  into  the  souls  of  his  pupils,  as  well  as  into  the  more 
definable  lines  of  a  text.  He  was  a  teacher  who  lived  in  his 
pupils,  made  better  by  his  presence ;  a  teacher  who  scorned 
all  aims  which  end  in  self.  He  revealed  himself  who  was,  to 
us,  even  better  than  the  mathematician.  Scientist,  yes,  but 
also  something  of  a  mystic  in  the  best  sense.  A  college  is 
essentially  its  men  who  teach  and  are  taught ;  and  in  this 
sense  Ripon  College  is  very  much  Professor  Chandler." 

Though  mathematics  and  applied  science  were  the  channels 
of  Professor  Chandler's  most  marked  abilities,  he  was  a  good 
classical  scholar.  An  habitual  reader  of  the  best  English  wri- 
ters, his  teaching  in  these  branches,  during  his  academic 
experience,  had  been  thorough  and  efifective.  Accurate  and 
demanding  accuracy,  he  possessed  the  rare  gift  of  clear  ex- 
planation, reenforced  by  characteristic  illustration.  His  habits 
of  mind  were  direct  and  forceful,  as  of  a  man  with  something  to 
impart.  His  literary  productions  in  the  classroom  were  en- 
livened by  a  vivid  imagination  and  a  keen  sense  of  humor. 
Something  poetic  in  his  nature  also  found  expression  at  times, 
in  quaint  guise.  With  a  keen  love  of  nature  and  reverence  for 
the  creative  plan,  he  saw  in  it  the  vital  truths :  love,  faith,  and 
promises  to  which  the  eyes  of  many  are  blinded.  Deeply  in- 
terested in  the  church,  he  took  an  active  and  important  part 
in  its  work,  wherever  he  might  be,  and  won  the  respect  and 
affection  of  many  whom  he  did  not  reach  through  professional 

After  1906  he  returned  to  the  town  he  loved  and  in  which 
he  was  born.  He  devoted  himself  to  its  interest ;  a  loyal 
citizen,  always,  with  high  civic  ideals.  Wise  and  broad- 
minded,  his  counsel  and  efforts  were  applied  not  merely  to 
present  but  to  future  welfare.  An  educator,  he  gave  largely 
of  his  experience  to  the  problems  of  the  public  schools  and 
served  upon  the  School  Board  for  a  number  of  years. 

In  the  midst  of  many  other  interests  and  duties,  he 
devoted  himself  to  the  writing  of  the  present  History — a  labor 
of  love  for  the  people  dear  to  him.  It  is  difficult  to  estimate 
adequately  this  great  service — a  service  which  speaks  strongly 
for  itself,  but  which  in  all  its  detail  of  tireless,  persistent  effort, 



can  be  realized  by  few.  Its  value  will  be  wholly  appreciated 
only  by  following  generations.  To  them  will  come  a  knowl- 
edge not  only  of  its  historic  worth,  but  a  knowledge  also 
of  the  man  who  so  greatly  loved  the  history  and  people  of  his 

Of  such  a  son  as  Charles  Henry  Chandler,  New  Ipswich 
may  be  justly  proud — a  son  who  represented  the  highest 
standards  of  honor,  and  whose  achievements  were  possible 
because  of  an  unfaltering  fidelity  to  his  ideals. 

Katharine  Preston. 


Y^  OR  many  years  citizens  of  New  Ipswich  have  felt  the  need 
^  of  a  history  of  the  town  which  should  not  only  give  the 
history  of  the  last  half  century,  but  should  put  in  accessible 
and  permanent  form  the  many  facts  and  traditions  which  have 
come  to  light  in  later  years.  This  feeling  took  tangible  form 
from  the  offer  of  Professor  Charles  H.  Chandler  to  give  his 
services  as  a  historian,  and  in  October,  1907,  a  meeting  of 
those  interested  in  this  project  was  held  at  the  Library.  A 
Committee  was  chosen  to  aid  as  might  be  needed,  consisting 
of  Caroline  F.  Barr,  Sarah  F.  Lee,  Frederic  W.  Jones,  Anna 

A.  Goldsmith,  and  Edward  O.  Marshall. 

It  was  thought  most  convenient  for  Professor  Chandler  to 
have  his  office  at  my  house.  For  more  than  four  years  each 
morning  he  came  to  his  task,  and  each  hour  until  the  twilight 
was  filled  with  the  work  of  a  mind  trained  to  systematic  and 
patient,  accurate  labor.  His  purpose  was  to  make  the  work 
largely  a  Genealogy  of  the  older  families  of  the  town.  This 
necessitated  research  and  inquiries  that  would  have  discour- 
aged one  less  persistent  and  determined.  He  deemed  the 
conclusion  of  the  work  near  at  hand,  but  while  away  seeking 
for  final  data,  at  Leominster,  Mass..  his  life  ended.  March  29, 
1912,  while  conversing  with  a  friend  he  ceased  speaking,  and 
"was  not,  for  God  took  him." 

His  children,  Professor  Elwyn  F.  Chandler  and  Miss  Edith 

B.  Chandler,  at  once  felt  that  they  wished  to  ensure  the  com- 
pletion of  the  work  which  had  become  so  dear  to  their  father's 
heart.  Through  all  these  years  I  had  been  able  to  keep  in 
touch  with  Professor  Chandler's  methods  of  research,  and  they 
asked  me  to  finish  the  History  as  he  would  have  done  it.  I 
consented  to  try  to  do  this  so  nearly  as  I  should  be  able. 
Fortunately  the  chapters  relating  to  the  earliest  history  were 
completed ;  all  the  genealogy  was  outlined  and  many  family 
records  had  been  written  in  full.  His  children,  therefore,  were 
able   to  assist  in  the  revision  and  completion  of  all  that  he 



had  planned  in  that  department.  It  is  their  wish  that  this 
History  should  be  a  tribute  to  their  father's  memory,  and  for 
its  completion  they  have  given  a  trained  proficiency  that  could 
not  otherwise  have  been  available,  have  taken  time  needed  by 
them  for  rest,  and  have  given  more  than  five  hundred  dollars 
in  money. 

For  the  imperfections  of  the  Index  I  alone  am  responsible. 
My  only  regret  is  that  my  part  of  the  work  has  not  been  done 
in  a  better  way.  It  is  given  to  the  town  which  has  been  the 
home  of  my  lifetime  with  the  hope  that  it  may  help  to  quicken 
and  cherish  reverence  for  those  who  laid  the  broad  founda- 
tions on  which  later  generations  should  build  the  structure  of 
education  and  enterprise  which  has  given  New  Ipswich  its 
honored  place  among  New  England  towns. 

Personal  thanks  are  due  from  me  to  the  children  of  Pro- 
fessor Chandler,  who  have  done  all  that  was  possible  to  lighten 
my  labors,  to  friends  who  have  aided  me  by  literary  criticism 
and  in  proof-reading,  and  to  the  intelligent  and  helpful  advice 
of  the  Sentinel  Printing  Company. 

Sarah  Fiske  Lee. 
New  Ipswich,  N.  H. 




The  following-  page  in  Professor  C.  H.  Chandler's  hand 
has  been  found,  which  evidently  he  intended  to  insert  in  the 
preface : 

"Little  more  than  half  a  century  ago,  by  the  careful  and 
patient  labor  of  two  efficient  sons  of  New  Ipswich  was  pro- 
duced a  town  history,  now  a  rare  book  but  still  mentioned 
with  rare  encomiums  by  students  and  lovers  of  local  history. 
At  the  time  of  the  loyal  labors  of  Mr.  Kidder  and  Dr.  Gould 
the  facilities  for  work  like  that  which  they  so  successfully  ac- 
complished were  far  less  than  at  the  present  time.  Many  old 
documents,  then  only  to  be  found  after  long  search,  have  now 
been  collected  and  laid  open  to  the  student  in  convenient  form ; 
the  work  of  national  surveys  has  given  accurate  measurements 
in  place  of  the  estimates  formerly  necessarily  used;  and  the 
accessible  volumes  of  family  history  are  probably  twenty 
times  as  numerous  as  those  which  were  published  prior  to 

"It  has  therefore  seemed  best  that  a  volume  presenting 
the  last  fifty  years  of  New  Ipswich  history  should  not  be 
entirely  confined  to  those  limits,  but  rather  that  the  special 
field  should  rest  upon  a  second  presentation  of  the  story  of 
earlier  times,  with  such  additions  and  amendments  as  the  suc- 
ceeding years  have  made  practicable. 

"In  order,  however,  to  avoid  an  undue  extension  of  the 
volume  it  has  been  thought  best  to  follow  a  medium  course, 
abbreviating  much  that  was  fully  related  by  the  authors  of 
the  previous  volume,  and  in  cases  where  the  importance  of 
the  topic  or  the  close  dependence  of  later  history  upon  it 
makes  such  abbreviation  undesirable,  by  the  kindly  consent 
of  near  representatives  of  the  authors  considerable  extracts 
have  been  made  in  the  language  retaining  its  attraction  for 
those  who  remember  the  former  history." 




It  was  the  original  intention  of  Professor  Charles  H. 
Chandler  to  prepare  one  large  map  of  the  town,  showing 
on  the  same  map  the  town  with  its  villages,  and  all  the 
roads,  houses,  and  former  houses,  and  also  the  lot  lines,  and 
he  personally  traversed  with  compass  in  1908  or  later  every 
road  in  the  town  (except  a  few  in  the  northwest  corner  and 
west  of  the  mountain)  in  making  surveys  for  this  map.  There 
are  doubtless  some  accidental  errors,  but  it  may  be  considered 
as  in  general  a  very  excellent  map ;  it  is  probable  that  there 
are  few  portions  where  any  distances  are  more  than  a  dozen 
rods  in  error. 

The  final  drawing  of  all  the  maps  was  done  under  the 
direction  of  E.  F.  Chandler,  and  it  was  found  advisable  to 
make  separate  village  maps  on  a  larger  scale ;  the  surveys  for 
these  were  accordingly  made  by  E.  F.  Chandler  in  August, 
1912,  and  they  are  in  general  accurate  within  two  rods.  It  was 
also  found  that  it  would  detract  from  clearness  to  place  the 
lot  lines  on  the  town  map,  so  their  general  location  has  been 
shown  on  a  separate  plan. 

Chapters  I,  II,  III,  IV,  and  V  of  the  history  had  been  com- 
pletely written  by  Professor  Charles  H.  Chandler,  and  were 
finished  except  for  such  small  amendments  as  he  would  have 
made  in  the  final  revision ;  the  material  had  been  collected  by 
him  for  large  parts  of  Chapters  VI  to  IX,  but  the  final  ar- 
rangement and  writing  of  the  greater  portion  of  each  of 
these  has  been  done  by  Miss  Sarah  Fiske  Lee.  All  the  work 
on  the  history,  from  its  first  inception  to  its  conclusion,  has 
been  greatly  forwarded  by  the  indefatigable  efforts  of  Miss 
Lee ;  her  complete  knowledge  of  local  conditions  and  relations, 
her  enthusiastic  assistance,  and  her  keen-eyed  examination  of 
every  statement  have  been  indeed  indispensable. 

E.  F.  C. 



CHAPTER  I. — The  Old  Country  Road — Later  Roads  and 
Early  Settlers.  The  Old  Country  Road ;  New  Highways ; 
the   Turnpike 1-19 

CHAPTER  H.  —  New  Ipswich  in  Various  Forms  —  Grants, 
Claims,  Charters,  and  Surveys.  Error  in  Early  Grants ;  the 
Massachusetts  Claims,  Gorges  and  Mason  Claims ;  Survey  of 
State  Line;  the  Ipswich  Grant;  Changing  Boundaries;  Early 
Settlers;  Fear  of  Indian  Invasion;  John  Tufton  Mason;  Ma- 
sonian  Proprietors ;  Col.  Blanchard's  Changes ;  Masonian  Char- 
ter ;  Final  Incorporation .    20-43 

CHAPTER  III.  —  On  the  Way  to  Maturity  —  Proprietors  and 
Lots.  Origin  of  the  Settlers ;  First  Proprietors'  Meetings ; 
Assignment  of  Lots;  Table  of  Lots;  Proprietors' Work  Ended  ; 
Plan  of  Lots  and  Principal  Roads 44-56 

CHAPTER  IV.— The  Old  School-houses.  First  School  in  1762; 
Grammar  School ;  Division  into  Districts ;  Town  Appropriates 
Money;  First  School-houses;  Location  of  District  Bounds; 
School-house  Locations;  Consolidation  of  Districts;  School 
Appropriations ;  Wages  of  Teachers ;  Prudential  Committee ; 
Superintending  School  Committee ;  Statistics       ....     57-72 

CHAPTER  V.  —  The  Revolutionary  Period.  The  First  Uprising; 
Roll  of  Men  Who  Went  at  the  First  Call ;  Capt.  Towne's  Com- 
pany; Call  from  Gen.  John  Sullivan;  New  Hampshire's  Lead- 
ership ;  Praise  from  Gen.  Washington ;  Help  Given  to  North- 
ern Army;  Capt.  Smith's  Company;  reinforcements  for  Ticon- 
deroga;  Continental  Army;  Col.  Heald's  Detachment;  Capt. 
Briant's  Company;  Col.  Hale's  Regiment;  Three-Months  Men; 
Equipment  of  Soldiers;  Ephraim  Adams'  Resolution;  Bounties 
and  Pay;  Depreciation  of  Currency;  New  Ipswich  Tories; 
Committee   of   Correspondence 73-106 

CHAPTER  VI.  — The  Civil  War— 1861-65.  Action  of  the  Town  ; 
Bounties  for  Volunteers ;  First  Recruits ;  Record  of  Sixth 
Regiment ;  Thirteenth  Regiment  at  Richmond,  1865 ;  Work  of 
Women ;  Death  of  President  Lincoln ;  Freedmen's  Aid ;  Prices 
during  Civil  War;  Union  League;  Soldiers'  Monument  107-121 



CHAPTER  VII.  —  Ecclesiastical  History.  First  Meeting-house; 
Seeking  a  Minister;  Church  Organized  and  Mr.  Stephen 
Farrar  Ordained;  Meeting-house  Completed  1770;  Assign- 
ment of  Pews;  "Great  Revival"  in  1785-86;  Death  of  Parson 
Farrar;  Mr.  Richard  Hall  Ordained;  Sunday  School  in  1818; 
Ordination  of  Mr.  Charles  Walker;  Pastorate  of  Rev.  Samuel 
Lee;  Meeting-house  Remodeled;  Centennial  Anniversary  of 
Church;  Ordination  of  Mr.  Calvin  Cutler;  Several  Brief  Pas- 
torates; Church  Burned;  Program  of  Stated  Meetings;  Baptist 
Church;  Organized,  List  of  Pastors;  Unitarian  Church;  Meth- 
odist   Church;    Second   Congregational    Church    .  122-136 

CHAPTER  VIII.  —  New  Ipswich  Academy.  Incorporation; 
Buildings;  Gifts  from  Boston  Friends;  New  Building;  Change 
of  Name;  List  of  Preceptors;  Faculty  Sketches;  Alumni  As- 

sociation ;  Present  Condition 


CHAPTER  IX.  — Miscellanies.  Manufactures;  Library;  Coun- 
try Club;  Children's  Fair;  Revere  Bell;  Cemeteries;  Stearns 
Lecture  Fund;  Homestead  Inn;  Iowa  Colony;  Drinking  Foun- 
tain; Telegraph  and  telephone;  Sidewalks  and  Street  Lights; 
Post  Office;  Free  Masons;  Fire  Department;  Children's  Oak; 
Portraits  in  Town  Hall;  Census  Returns;  Valuation  of  New 
Ipswich,    1914 144-157 




Portrait  of   Professor  Charles  Henry   Chandler 

The    Soldiers'    Monument       .... 

Group  of  Churches 

New  Ipswich  Appleton  Academy  . 

The    Library 

Forest  Hall,  Residence  of  George  R.   Barrett 

Maps  : 

The    Old    Country    Road 
The  Grants    . 
Plan  of  Lots  . 
New  Ipswich  . 
Center    Village 

Bank,  High  Bridge,  and  Smith  Villages 


opposite  113 

.     20 

.     55 

opposite  161 

.    162 

.    164 






AT    a    meeting    of 

the  Proprietors  of 
"Upper  Ashuelot," 
(now  the  city  of 
Keene,)  held  at 
Concord,  Massa- 
chusetts, on  the 
last  Wednesday 
of  May,  1735,  a 
committee  was 
appointed  to  "join 
with  such  as  the 
lower  town  pro- 
prietors shall  ap- 
point, to  search 
and  find  out  whether  the  ground  will  admit  of  a  convenient 
road  from  the  two  townships  on  Ashuelot  river,  down  to  the 
town  of  Townsend."  On  June  30,  1737.  a  meeting  was  held 
at  the  meeting-house  frame,  and  "Jeremiah  Hall  was  recom- 
pensed for  his  services  in  searching  for,  and  laying  out,  a  road 
to  Townsend." 

x'Vt  that  time  the  Townsend  grant  extended  farther  to  the 
north  and  west  than  in  later  years,  and  embraced  about  800 
acres  now  included  in  the  southeastern  corner  of  New  Ipswich, 
shown  upon  an  ancient  map  of  the  town  as  granted  by 
Massachusetts.  That  map  shows  a  straight  line  dotted  di- 
rectly across  the  map  and  bearing  the  explanatory  note  "This 
Single  Prick^  line  is  the  Clear^  way  to  Ashawelott."  This 
line  enters  the  town  from  Townsend  a  short  distance  north 
of    the    site    of    the    "Wheeler    tavern,"    runs    northwesterly 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

though  the  region  now  occupied  by  the  Center  Village,  and, 
passing  a  little  south  of  the  position  of  Wilder  Village,  crosses 
the  western  line  of  the  town  a  half-mile  south  from  its 
northwestern  corner. 

Without  a  doubt  this  perfectly  straight  road  was  easily 
constructed  upon  paper,  but  it  is  somewhat  remarkable  that 
the  turnpike,  constructed  almost  seventy  years  later,  should 
have  followed  so  nearly  the  early  line,  in  no  place  departing 
from  the  route  there  marked  greatly  more  than  half  a  mile. 
But  the  former  New  Ipswich  history,  recalling  the  construc- 
tion of  the  turnpike,  declares  that  "its  location  was  as  bad 
as  it  well  could  be ;"  and  it  is  not  strange  that  the  committee 
of  the  Keene  proprietors  chose  a  route  less  steeply  inclined, 
even  though  it  were  somewhat  more  devious,  as  is  shown  on 
the  small  map  presented  above.  For  the  road  there  shown, 
called  in  the  records  for  many  years  the  "main  road,"  or  in 
earlier  times  the  "old  countrey  road,"  is  tmdoubtedly  a  part 
of  the  Keene  road  of  1735-37,  preceding  the  first  permanent 
settler  in  New  Ipswich  by  at  least  a  year;  and  the  preliminary 
temporary  residence  of  two  or  three  others,  which  may  have 
been  in  the  summer  of  1737,  may  safely  be  said  to  have  been 
of  later  date  than  the  location  of  the  road  reported  by  Jere- 
miah Hall,  but  of  course  at  first  hardly  more  than  a  marked 
trail.  The  "old  country  road,"  the  first  token  of  civilization 
established  within  the  town  bounds,  naturally  had  a  great  in- 
fluence in  locating  the  sturdy  pioneers  in  the  wilderness,  as 
is  indicated  by  the  positions  of  the  homes  of  twenty  early 
settlers  placed  upon  the  map  with  the  belief,  after  careful 
examination,  that  they  were  the  earliest  twenty  resident 
"fathers  of  the  town." 

That  the  position  of  this  road  was  well  chosen  is  shown 
by  its  long  continuance,  more  than  three  of  the  four  miles 
of  its  length  within  the  town  bounds  being  still  open  for 
travel,  and  a  considerable  part  of  the  abandoned  portion  ap- 
parently owing  its  abandonment  to  other  causes  than  unwise 
location.  The  records  show  some  slight  changes  in  its  loca- 
tion from  time  to  time,  but  practically  the  present  position 
of  the  part  still  open  is  as  it  was  when  Abijah  Foster  settled 
but  a  few  rods  from  its  faint  line  of  communication  almost 
175  years  ago.  The  more  definite  course  of  this  early  high- 
way, so  early  that  more  than  twenty  years  after  its  location 
the    town    voted    "not   to    fell    the    trees    on    the    main    road 

The  Old  Country  Road 

through  the  town,"  may  be  traced  upon  the  larger  map  m 
this  volume,  and  any  difficulties  in  followmg  it  may  be  re- 
moved by  reference  to  the  following  descriptive  notes 

It  entered  the  town  only  a  little  distance  south  of  its  pre- 
viously   mentioned    successor,   the   turnpike,    that    is   a   little 
siuth  of  the  site  of  the  house  of  entertainment  long  known 
as  "Wheeler's  tavern."  giving  to  Timothy  Heald,  a  few  year 
later    a  desirable   position  for  establishing  his  home  m  the 
northern  part  of  186  A.  D.     Passing  on  a  mile  toward  the 
northwest' from  the  first  half  of  which  the  road  is  practically 
obliterated,   the  home  of  Jonas  Wodson  appears   -^J^J^ 
S    R     the  present  propertv  of  the  Country  Club,  and  but  a 
short"  disanc^  farth'er,'in  V:  2,  S.  R.,  that  of  ^is  early  asso^ 
ciate    Benjamin  Hoar,  now  the  Preston  place.     Crossmg  the 
fer.  wheie  later  the  first  bridge  of  the  town  was  to  be  built^ 
the  old  road  passed  the  place  soon  to  be  the  home  of  Moses 
Tucker    continued  over  the  hill  and  then  between  the  loca- 
Hons  of  the  first  meeting-house,  denoted  on  the  small  map 
hva  squire  and  affixed  cross,  and  the  first  ^urymg-gronnd^ 
both  situated  in  the  eastern  part  of  VTII.   1.  S-  R--    «  ^^^^ 
house  long  the  home  of  Judge  Farrar.  and  now  the  summei 
es  dence  of  Charles  S.  Brown.    Descendmg  the  hil    and  past 
he  present  grounds  of  the  Academy,  the  road  unites,  where 

H^e  upon  the  preceding  sn^aU  ^^^J^-^^^ZTX^ 
^het^teTrp'rt'with  the  "o,d  co™tty  road''    ron.  th     -  - 


°*   o'  XVoTtr's'df of  tht  broadened  "conntry  road."  but 
not^vlry  far  distant  fron,  it,  on  33,  N.  D.,  a  little  westward 

History  of  New  Ipswich 

of  the  site  of  the  former  bank,  and  perhaps  a  little  toward 
Union  Hall,  stood  the  earliest  dwelling-  erected  in  the  town, 
that  of  Abijah   Foster,  and  directly  opposite  upon  the  south 
side  of  the  road  was  the  home  of  Joseph  Kidder,  where  since 
has    been    the    dwelling   of   Judge    Champney,    and    later    the 
home  of  John  Preston,  Esq.,  and  his  descendants,  IX:  1,  S.  R. 
Continued  progress  due  westward  in  the  broad  central  road 
of  the  early  survey  being  here  forbidden  by  the  steep  ascent. 
a  southerly  detour  of  a  few  rods  was  necessitated,  the  first 
part  along  the  broad,   grassy  road   still  open   in   the   rear  of 
the   Preston   land,  and  the   later  return  to  the   direct   course 
on  a  line  still  traceable  under  favorable  conditions,  through 
the  northern  end  of  the  small  triangular  wooded   spot  lying 
across  the  road  from  the  open  space  north  from  the  old  "hill 
burying-ground,"  and  south  from  the  site  of  the  second  and 
third  meeting-houses.     As  this  open  area  was  without  doubt 
included  in  the  "common  land"  left  for  a  highway,  this  de- 
tour,  now   seeming  so  considerable  that  the   location   of  the 
"country  road"  is  not  always  recognized,  did  not  really  ex- 
tend  at   that    place   beyond    the    limits    of   the   broad    central 
road  as  surveyed.     But  that  proposed  straight  highwav  Vv'as 
followed  by  the  Keene  surveyor  only  a  very  short  distance. 
It  may,  indeed,  have  gone  directly  across  the  later  meeting- 
house site,  at  least  until  the  erection  of  such  a  building  caused 
travel  to  be  carried  on  a  little  farther  west.     At  all  events, 
from  very  nearly  that  spot  the  road  entered  upon  an  almost 
direct    northwesterly    line    across    the    lot    upon    which    the 
meeting-house  afterward  was  built,  37  N.  D.,  later  the  prop- 
erty of  Oliver  Proctor;  then  past  the  site  of  the  first  dwelling 
of    Isaac    Appleton    on    the    southern    side    and    that    of    his 
second  house,  still  standing  and  bearing  over  its  entrance  the 
figures  1756,  upon  the  northern  side,  both  in  41,  N.  D.     Be- 
tween these  two  sites  the  old  road  crossed  the  line  of  the 
present    turnpike,    and    from    the    meeting-house    site   to   that 
point  of  crossing  all  traces  of  the  ancient  highway  have  dis- 
appeared.    Continuing  the  same  general  northwesterly  direc- 
tion it  passed  in  46,  N.  D.,  the  future  home  of  Reuben  Kidder, 
on  the  east,  and  a  little  farther  that  of  Samuel   Perham,  an 
employee  of  Mr.  Kidder,  upon  50.  N.  D.,  on  the  west.     The 
remaining  route,  through  lots  51,  52,  and  56,  N.  D.,  to  the 
northern  line  of  the  town  is  not  known  to  have  passed  other 
early  dwellings.    The  last  quarter-mile  or  more  before  leaving 


The  Old  Country  Road 

New  Ipswich  was  not  along  the  present  Temple  road,  but 
by  the  "Todd  road"  diverging  toward  the  west,  now  legally 
discontinued,  but  still  clearly  defined  and  passable. 

The  effectual  charter  of  New  Ipswich,  known  as  the 
Masonian  charter,  of  which  an  account  is  given  later  in  this 
volume,  was  issued  in  1750,  and  in  it  are  named  thirty 
grantees,  thirteen  of  whom  are  designated  as  being  "of  a 
place  called  New  Ipswich,"  and  their  names  are  included  in 
the  twenty  names  presented  upon  the  preceding  small  map. 
The  names  of  two  sons  of  one  of  the  grantees  named  in  the 
charter  as  a  resident  of  Ipswich,  Mass..  and  one  son  of  an- 
other grantee  of  the  same  town,  a  brother  and  an  employee 
of  one  of  the  New  Ipswich  grantees,  and  two  other  early 
settlers,  constitute  the  twenty  pioneers  in  New  Ipswich 
who,  as  far  as  careful  examination  determines,  were  resident 
in  their  new  homes  before  the  close  of  the  year  in  which  the 
charter  was  granted.  Nine  of  this  number  made  their  homes 
beside  the  old  "country  road,"  and  of  the  remaining  eleven 
seven  were  apparently  within  a  half-mile  of  that  route.  There 
can  be  no  doubt  of  the  determining  influence  of  that  road, 
then  hardly  more  than  a  trail,  upon  the  location  of  the  early 
settlements  in  the  northeastern  corner  of  the  town,  and  an 
examination  of  the  records  giving  in  order  the  story  of  later 
roads,  demanded  by  the  increasing  population,  presents  quite 
clearly  the  direction  and  progress  of  advance. 

Unfortunately,  whatever  local  records  may  have  been  made 
prior  to  the  Masonian  grant,  they  have  entirely  disappeared, 
and  the  lines  of  intercommunication  between  the  twenty 
families  which  gathered  in  those  early  years  can  be  learned 
only  by  inference,  occasionally  aided  by  traces  of  old  path- 
ways by  which  the  early  pioneers,  like  their  immediate  suc- 
cessors, were  prone  to  connect  their  homes,  by  the  nearest 
or  most  practicable  route,  to  the  older  main  line  of  communi- 
cation with  the  towns  and  settlements  above  and  below.  But 
the  later  records  containing  references  to  "paths"  and  some- 
times ofificially  legalizing  highways  "where  the  people  now 
travel"  suggest  that  the  stern  demands  of  daily  life  left  the 
first  occupants  of  the  coming  town  but  little  time  or  energy 
for  public  labors,  especially  after  it  was  found,  as  related  in 
a  later  chapter,  that  the  title  by  which  they  held  their  lands 
was  far  from  secure.  They  might  be  expected  to  content 
themselves  for  a  time  with  paths  not  greatly  surpassing  the 

History  of  New  Ipswich 

trails  of  their  Indian  predecessors,  and  so  the  roads  located 
by  the  most  convenient  footpaths  from  cabin  to  cabin,  wind- 
ing deviously  around  the  varied  obstructions  of  the  wilder- 
ness, might  almost  be  said,  like  Topsy,  never  to  have  been 
made  but  to  have  "growed." 

But  with  the  Masonian  charter  came  an  assurance  that 
the  work  was  to  continue,  and  on  June  20,  1750,  only  two 
months  after  the  signing  of  that  charter,  the  proprietors  of 
the  township  voted  to  build  a  bridge  "near  where  the  former 
bridge  was  built,"  that  is,  at  the  crossing  of  the  river  by  the 
"country  road,"  and  less  than  a  year  later  a  second  bridge 
was  voted  "near  the  mills,"  or  practically  in  the  place  now 
held  by  its  successor  below  the  "High  Bridge."  Abundant 
provision  for  meeting  the  principal  obstruction  to  free  com- 
munication between  the  different  parts  of  the  settled  region 
having  thus  been  made,  at  the  same  meeting  in  May,  1751, 
Timothy  Heald,  Joseph  Stevens,  and  Reuben  Kidder  were 
chosen  a  committee  to  lay  out  and  repair  highways,  and  were 
directed  "to  lay  out  a  way  from  the  saw  mill  &c.  up  by  the 
Path  leading  to  John  Brown's  and  also  to  Abijah  Foster's  as 
it  will  best  accommodate  both,  and  if  said  Committee  thinks 
Proper  to  lay  out  a  way  to  Archibald  White's,  as  also  to 
Aaron  Kidder's."  The  exact  position  of  the  home  of  John 
Brown  is  uncertain,  but  it  was  in  the  northeastern  part  of 
the  town,  near  the  locality  afterward  long  occupied  by  the 
family  of  Supply  Wilson,  and  most  probably  near  the  site 
of  an  old  cellar  in  31,  N.  D.,  still  faintly  visible  upon  the 
east  side  of  the  Temple  road  a  little  farther  north  than  the 
house  of  Ralph  E.  Parker.  Abijah  Foster  must  have  lived 
at  that  time  on  the  present  site  of  Davis  Village,  45,  N.  D., 
which  must  have  made  the  duty  of  the  committee  to  "accom- 
modate both"  somewhat  difficult.  Archibald  Wliite,  upon  19, 
N.  D.,  afterward  occupied  by  the  Prichards  and  later  by  the 
Tenneys,  was  in  the  same  general  region  as  John  Brown,  and 
there  are  indications  of  an  early  road  connecting  them. 
Aaron  Kidder  was  upon  XV:  1,  S.  R.,  a  mile  beyond  Abijah 
Foster,  and  very  probably  the  now  long-closed  road  through 
XHI:  1  and  XIV:  1,  N.  D.,  north  of  the  house  of  George  S. 
Wheeler,  was  located  at  that  time. 

In  obedience  to  instructions  given  at  this  meeting  that  the 
committee  should  "view  and  lay  out  a  Road  from  the  line  of 
said  township  so  as  it  will  accommodate  the  travelling  up  to 


New  Highways 

Peterboro  and  lay  the  same  before  said  Proprietee  at  the 
next  meeting,"  the  committee  a  month  later  recommended 
action  at  once  adopted  by  the  meeting,  and  it  was  "Voted  to 
Except  the  countrey  Road  as  it  is  Layed  out  from  Timothy 
Healds  or  the  province  line  near  his  house  and  up  by  Ruben 
Kidders  &  to  the  line  of  Striptown  or  Peterborow  Slip  so 
called  near  about  the  road  wheare  people  now  Travil  and  as 
marks  direct." 

At  the  same  meeting  it  was  voted  to  "lay  out  a  road  Down 
from  the  mills  by  Benjamin  Hoar  to  the  Town  Road  by 
Timothy  Healds,"  which  seems  to  be  the  authority  for  the 
present  road  from  the  Taylor  house  on  the  turnpike  up 
through  Bank  Village  to  the  crossing  of  the  "country  road" 
and  the  road  to  the  Gibson  corners. 

In  the  following  year,  1753,  a  desire  for  nearer  relation 
to  the  neighbors  at  the  west  was  manifested  by  a  vote  "to 
lay  out  a  way  through  our  town  to  Rowly  Canada  line;"  and 
a  year  later  it  was  "Voted  to  turn  the  road  that  goes  to 
Rowly  Canada  through  Oliver  Proctor's  lot  to  the  road  that 
was  formerly  laid  out  and  travelled  in."  As  no  record  of  the 
position  of  the  "former  road"  has  been  found,  it  is  perhaps 
a  fair  inference  that  the  removal  of  a  portion  of  the  road  to 
Rowley  Canada  (Rindge)  from  Oliver  Proctor's  lot,  37,  N.  D., 
located  it  in  the  broad  road  extending  due  west  before  men- 
tioned as  shown  on  the  map  of  the  Massachusetts  grant,  and 
still  plainly  existent  from  the  Center  Village  to  Davis  Village, 
and  that  it  continued  on  the  road  provided  for  Aaron  Kidder 
two  years  earlier,  and  thence  through  the  uninhabited  wilder- 
ness, over  the  mountain  between  the  Barrett  and  Pratt  peaks 
practically  as  shown  upon  the  map.  This  road  can  be  traced 
with  difficulty  through  the  thick  undergrowth,  but  the  dwell- 
ings upon  it  farther  west  than  the  Ephraim  Adams  farm, 
61,  N.  D.,  have  been  very  few. 

On  November  24,  1754,  the  proprietors  by  a  single  vote 
accepted  four  miles  of  road  or  more,  probably  including  many 
short  roads  and  "paths"  previously  used,  but  having  no  legal 
existence  as  highways.  This  long  and  devious  thoroughfare 
commenced  in  1 :  3,  S.  R.,  upon  the  "country  road"  about 
one-fourth  of  a  mile  after  its  entrance  from  that  part  of  the 
Townsend  grant  which  had  become  Mason,  and  extending  to 
the  north  and  west,  passed  the  house  of  Ebenezer  Bullard  in 
1 :  2,  S.  R.,  and  of  Joseph  Bullard  in  H :  2.  S.  R..  through  H : 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

1,  S.  R.,  not  yet  the  home  of  Moses  Tucker,  still  resident  on 
the  "country  road,"  and  through  III:  1,  S.  R.,  to  Chandler's 
mills  in  IV:  1,  S.  R.,  immediately  below  the  site  of  the  pres- 
ent factory  below  the  High  Bridge.  Thence  the  road  con- 
tinued northwesterly  a  little  north  of  the  present  position  of 
the  road,  and  entered  upon  the  route  to  be  occupied  a  half- 
century  later  by  the  turnpike  a  short  distance  eastward  of 
the  position  of  the  present  bridge  across  Kidder  or  Saw  Mill 
Brook.  From  that  point  the  road  has  remained  practically 
unchanged  in  position,  through  lots  21,  25,  29,  30,  31,  and  32, 
N.  D.,  to  the  Temple  town  line,  passing  the  homes  of  Ephraim 
and  Benjamin  Adams,  Jonathan  Stevens  and  John  Brown. 

The  year  1755  saw  the  birth  of  several  new  highways, 
testifying  to  a  considerable  advance  of  the  populated  region 
toward  the  south  and  the  west,  two  of  which  are  here  given 
in  detail.  The  first  of  these  extended  from  the  northeast 
corner  of  the  lot  of  Zachariah  Adams,  X :  3,  S.  R.,  past  the 
house  of  Abijah  Foster,  who  had  built  his  third  residence 
on  IX :  2,  S.  R.,  the  present  residence  of  Walter  S.  Thayer 
being  across  the  road  from  its  site,  and  continued  on  an 
easterly  course  not  very  distant  from  the  present  road  to  the 
Congregational  church,  although  that  later  road  is  much  more 
nearly  straight  than  the  ancient  highway,  four  sections,  to- 
gether constituting  more  than  half  its  length,  having  been 
moved  northerly  or  southerly  in  some  places  as  much  as 
twenty  rods.  The  early  road  passed  the  site  of  the  coming 
church  near  the  present  southern  limit  of  the  common,  and 
ended  in  "the  road  that  goes  out  of  the  Country  road  to  the 
dwelling  house  of  Benjamin  Safford,"  which  was  thirty  rods 
or  more  south  from  the  church  site.  The  road  designated  as 
going  from  the  "country  road"  is  now  obliterated  for  a  con- 
siderable part  of  its  length,  but  is  still  known  as  "Safford 
lane."  The  cellar  of  Zachariah  Adams,  still  remaining  in  a 
pasture  rapidly  becoming  forest,  is  shown  upon  the  map. 

The  second  new  road,  apparently  accepted  very  largely  in 
anticipation  of  expected  new  residents,  began  "at  the  South 
of  lot  Number  187,  at  the  head  of  the  road  that  goes  from 
said  lot  to  the  east  line  of  said  Township."  Lot  187,  as  also 
Nos.  44,  29  (or  2),  28,  and  24,  through  which  the  road  from 
the  east  township  line  passes,  lie  in  "New  Laid  Out"  range 
of  lots,  and  there  appears  no  record  of  residence  in  any  of 
those    southeastern    lots   at   as    early   a    date   as    that    action. 

New  Highways 

Perhaps,  however,  the  travel  to  and  from  Townsend,  then 
holding  the  position  of  a  connecting  link  with  the  older  set- 
tlements, may  have  called  for  the  new  road  to  "the  old  meeting 
house  hill  so  called"  eastward  from  the  site  of  the  present 
Academy.  From  187,  ere  long  to  be  occupied  by  Col.  Thomas 
Heald,  and  later  by  the  Estabrooks  tavern  and  by  Job  Davis 
and  his  son  John  U.  in  succession,  the  new  road  passed 
through  lots  12  and  1,  N.  L.  O.,  then  the  property  of  Samuel 
Whittemore,  to  the  "south  side  of  Jesse  Fletcher's  house 
said  house  standing  on  lott  No.  4  in  the  5th  range,"  long 
after  the  farm  of  Dr.  Stillman  Gibson,  then  turned  toward 
the  north,  and  in  VI :  4,  S.  R.,  crossed  the  North  Branch  of 
the  Souhegan  at  a  point  still  marked  by  remaining  stone- 
work of  a  bridge,  passed,  in  VI :  3,  S.  R.,  the  place  soon  to 
be  known  as  the  home  of  Peletiah  Whittemore,  later  the  sum- 
mer home  of  Dr.  F.  W.  Jones,  in  VII :  3,  S.  R.,  the  future 
site  of  the  home  of  the  Shattucks,  the  Farwells,  and  the  Wil- 
lards  in  succession,  and  finally  along  the  western  line  of  VII : 
2  and  VII:  1,  S.  R.,  passing  the  house  of  Benjamin  SaiTord 
and  ending  at  the  "country  road,"  having  in  its  progress  legal- 
ized as  a  highway  "Safford  lane,"  mentioned  in  the  record 
two  months  earlier,  but  then  probably  a  private  way. 

In  the  same  year  a  road  was  accepted  "beginning  at  the 
Country  Road  neare  the  Bridges  by  Joseph  Kidder's  meddow 
so  on  the  Comon  land  to  lott  No.  29,  N.  D.,"  that  is,  referring 
to  present  conditions,  from,  the  bridge  between  the  Baptist 
church  and  the  Soldiers'  Monument  eastward  past  the  Dr. 
Preston  house,  afterward  that  of  Seth  King.  Thence  the  road 
continued  as  at  present  across  the  turnpike,  "over  the  saw- 
mill Brook  and  on  as  marks  direct  into  the  road  that  from 
mr.  Jonathan  Stevens  to  the  mills  and  so  in  that  road  to  said 
Stevens  house"  (26,  N.  D.,  later  owned  by  Mark  Farrar,  and 
at  present  by  A.  E.  Jowders).  The  road  thence  passed  on 
the  south  side  of  the  Stevens  house  to  lot  22,  N.  D.,  where 
it  passed  on  the  north  of  the  Benjamin  Knowlton  —  later  the 
Chickering — house  and  northerly  across  the  corner  of  lot  23, 
N.  D.,  the  future  home  of  Capt.  Ezra  Towne,  to  19,  N.  D., 
the  home  of  Archibald  White. 

In  1756  a  road  was  accepted  "from  Abba  Severons  to  the 
North  end  of  Zachariah  Adams'  Lot,"  but  the  location  of 
the  beginning  of  that  road  is  not  quite  definite.  Abba  Sev- 
erance had  a  lot  in  the  northeasterly  part  of  the  town,  but 

History  of  New  Ipswich 

the  lot  named  in  the  road  record  must  have  been  in  "New 
Laid  Out"  range,  probably  lot  64,  since  the  road  ran  northerly 
through  the  lot  of  David  Nevins,  XI :  4,  S.  R.,  and,  as  it  can 
now  be  seen,  along  the  eastern  end  of  the  south  burying- 
ground,  which  was  not  established  until  twenty  years  later. 
Having  crossed  the  river  a  short  distance  north  of  the  present 
burying-ground,  it  continued  its  northerly  course  nearly  upon 
the  line  between  the  tenth  and  eleventh  south  ranges  for 
almost  half  a  mile,  and  then  turning  eastward  across  X :  3, 
S.  R.,  it  soon  connected  with  the  road  to  Abijah  Foster's, 
and  seemed  about  to  become  a  principal  highway.  But  its 
route  is  now  entirely  obliterated,  except  its  first  quarter-mile, 
which  is  perhaps  still  the  road  to  the  farm  so  long  owned 
by  William  Wheeler  and  his  sons,  and  the  brief  extent  be- 
side the  burying-ground,  which  was  longer  retained  in  use 
by  the  later  opening  of  another  road  extending  in  a  more 
westerly  direction  than  the  first  road,  past  the  "Spaulding 
house"  on  XI :  3,  S.  R.,  a  short  distance  to  the  west,  and, 
at  the  northeast  corner  of  the  lot  of  Robert  Crosby,  later 
the  "Fox  farm,"  XII :  3,  S.  R.,  uniting  with  a  road,  accepted 
in  1759,  along  the  eastern  side  of  XII :  2,  S.  R.,  then  the 
property  of  Amos  Taylor,  but  afterward  for  many  years 
known  as  the  "Bucknam  farm."  A  road  from  Amos  Taylor's 
had  been  accepted  at  about  the  same  date  as  the  one  from 
Abba  Severance's,  running  easterly  across  XI:  1,  S.  R.,  and 
northerly  along  the  east  side  of  the  same  lot  to  a  point  on 
the  broad  central  line  of  the  town  before  mentioned  about 
a  quarter-mile  west  from  the  meeting-house,  then  in  process 
of  construction.  This  road  was  long  known  as  the  "malt- 
house  road,"  and  the  cellar  of  the  malt-house  still  remains 
on  the  east  side  of  its  namesake  thoroughfare  and  a  quarter- 
mile  south  from  the  central  road.  The  "malt-house  road"  is 
still  easily  followed,  but  only  the  part  lying  on  the  west  side 
of  the  road  from  Davis  Village  is  now  open.  The  three 
roads  together  for  a  considerable  period  furnished  the  favorite 
route  to  the  meeting-house  for  the  residents  in  the  south- 
western part  of  the  town.  Apparently  there  were  two  or 
more  dwellings  on  this  road  south  of  Amos  Taylor's,  but  the 
names  of  the  residents  do  not  appear. 

In  1757  money  was  voted  to  make  a  road  between  Zacha- 
riah  Adams's  and  Thomas  Adams's,  and  as  a  bridge  was  nec- 
essary upon  this  way  it  may  be  inferred  that  the  residence 


New  Highways 

of  this  latter  Adams  was  on  the  southern  side  of  the  North 
Branch  of  the  river.  Probably  this  road  through  the  greater 
part  of  its  length  was  the  road  to  Smith  Village  over  "Apple- 
ton  Hill,"  in  nearly  its  position  until  its  improvement  fifty 
years  ago  by  removal  a  little  way  toward  the  east. 

At  the  meeting  in  1757,  however,  the  needs  of  other  than 
the  newer  portion  of  the  township  were  considered,  as  a  new 
road,  now  nearly  if  not  quite  obliterated,  was  recorded  ex- 
tending from  the  road  accepted  two  years  before  between 
Jonathan  Stevens  and  Benjamin  Knowlton,  northerly  to  the 
central  part  of  27,  N.  D.,  a  lot  now  long  vacated,  but  then 
the  home  of  Benjamin  Proctor;  and  also  another  road  be- 
ginning at  the  road  between  Benjamin  Adams's,  25,  N.  D., 
(now  Reed  Tenney's,)  and  Jonathan  Stevens's,  26,  N.  D.,  (now 
A.  E.  Jowders's,)  extending  westward  to  Benjamin  King's,  34, 
N.  D.,  (now  H.  Rafeuse's,)  thence  westerly  and  southerly  to 
the  mill  upon  "Saw  Mill  Brook,"  and  south  through  Oliver 
Proctor's  lot,  37,  N.  D.,  to  the  "country  road."  The  follow- 
ing condition  affixed  to  the  acceptance  of  that  road  brings 
into  clear  recognition  one  difference  between  those  days  and 
this  age  of  automobiles:  "The  road  from  the  mill  brook  to 
Oliver  Proctor's  house  and  to  the  main  road  shall  be  a  bridle 
road  free  from  any  incumbrance  of  the  sd.  Proctor's  except 
good  gates  which  are  to  be  built  and  maintained  at  his  cost 
except  the  outside  gate  next  y®  main  road  which  is  to  be 
built  by  the  Prop'^  and  maintained  by  said  Proctor." 

The  highways  of  the  town  seem  to  have  been  but  slightly 
extended  during  1758,  but  the  records  present  the  acceptance 
of  two  short  roads ;  the  first  from  the  home  of  Abba  Severance, 
then  resident  in  14,  N.  D.,  for  many  years  the  "Mansfield  farm," 
through  18,  N.  D.,  owned  by  Peter  Fletcher,  to  the  house  of 
Benjamin  Knowlton,  on  24,  N.  D.,  thus  nearly  completing 
the  present  "back  Greenville  road"  to  the  town  line ;  and  a 
short  road  now  traced  with  considerable  difficulty,  irom  the 
home  of  Benjamin  King,  34,  N.  D.,  to  the  southwesterly  cor- 
ner of  Joseph  Stevens's  lot,  35,  N.  D. 

Three  roads  of  1759  in  as  many  different  sections  show  the 
steady  progress  during  that  year.  The  first  extended  from 
Ebenezer  Heald's  in  III:  4,  S.  R.,  northerly  "to  y«  Main 
Road."  Indications  of  several  cellars  remain  on  or  near  its 
line,  but  the  road  has  now  practically  disappeared,  as  also 
the  probably  older  road  of  which  no  record  appears,  half  a 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

mile  or  more  in  length,  running  southerly  from  Ebenezer 
Heald's  to  Col.  Thomas  Heald's,  187,  N.  L.  O.,  on  the  "South 
Road"  located  two  years  earlier,  as  previously  stated. 

A  second  road  of  1759  continued  the  "South  Road"  a  mile 
farther  westward,  from  the  home  of  Simeon  Fletcher,  who 
had  succeeded  Peter  Fletcher,  resident  upon  V :  4,  S.  R.,  in 
1755,  past  the  farm  perhaps  already  owned  by  John  Brooks, 
but  since  Revolutionary  days  occupied  by  successive  genera- 
tions of  the  Goen  family,  to  Smith  Village,  which,  however, 
it  did  not  enter  as  at  present  near  the  bridge,  but  farther 
southward,  where  since  1838  the  Smithville  school-house  has 
stood.  The  third  road  of  that  year  shows  the  advance  of 
the  line  of  settlements  toward  the  western  part  of  the  town 
by  the  provision  for  a  road,  still  traceable,  between  the  lots 
of  Thomas  Fletcher,  45,  N.  D.,  and  Ichabod  Howe.  49,  N.  D., 
to  the  "country  road  a  little  south  of  Reuben  Kidder's  dwell- 
ing," and  at  its  southern  end  connecting  with  the  Rindge 
road  of  five  or  six  years'  earlier  establishment.  A  portion  of 
the  southern  Rindge  road  also  took  its  place  as  a  road  from 
Thomas  Adams's  house,  one  of  the  very  few  then  on  the 
present  site  of  Smithville,  to  the  home  of  Simeon  Hildreth 
on  XII :  4,  S.  R.,  later  the  "Chandler  farm." 

The  records  of  1760  and  1761  show  few  new  roads,  but 
one  should  perhaps  be  mentioned  from  the  home  of  Simeon 
Gould,  40,  N.  D.,  through  the  Joseph  Stevens  lot,  35,  N.  D., 
for  many  later  years  the  "Wilson  farm."  to  the  "road  to  the 
meeting  house"  along  the  eastern  side  of  Stevens's  lot.  Dur- 
ing the  earlier  period  of  Mr.  Gould's  residence,  probably  quite 
brief,  it  may  be  assumed  that  the  route  of  his  Sunday  travel 
was  along  the  still  remaining  path  extending  southerly 
through  43,  N.  D.,  the  home  of  his  brother  Nathaniel,  and  38, 
N.  D.,  ten  years  later  the  home  of  Francis  Appleton.  and 
thence  probably  on  or  near  the  line  of  the  road,  the  northern 
half-mile  of  which  is  now  unused,  to  the  mill  road,  already 
three  or  four  years  old. 

In  1762  the  settlement  of  Nathaniel  Carlton  upon  the  farm 
long  the  home  of  Phineas  Pratt  and  later  of  Amos  J.  Proctor, 
XIV:  2,  S.  R.,  called  for  the  road,  still  in  constant  use,  ex- 
tending westerly  and  northerly  from  the  Carlton  home  and 
joining  the  Rindge  road  at  a  point  a  little  westward  from  the 
old  school-house  of  the  "North  District,"  No.  7,  serving  for 
many   years   as   a    poultry-house   on    the    farm    of   George   S. 


New  Highways 

Wheeler ;  and  the  progress  of  settlement  in  that  part  of  the 
town  is  further  evidenced  by  the  record,  less  than  a  year 
later,  of  roads  from  the  home  of  Isaac  Howe  to  those  of  two 
of  his  neighbors  on  this  frontier  line,  William  Spear  and 
Thomas  Brown.  Air.  Howe  was  the  predecessor  of  Samuel 
C.  Wheeler  in  the  possession  of  57,  N.  D.,  living  in  the 
wooden  house,  or  at  least  on  the  same  site,  occupied  by  Mr. 
Wheeler  until  his  erection  of  a  brick  dwelling  a  little  northerly 
on  the  turnpike.  William  Spear's  lot  was  the  next  to  Mr. 
Howe's  on  the  west,  61,  N.  D.  His  house  long  ago  vanished. 
and  the  road  by  which  it  was  approached  can  be  followed 
only  by  careful  search.  The  position  of  Thomas  Brown  is 
not  quite  certain,  as  the  name  is  recorded  as  that  of  an  early 
resident  of  58,  N.  D.,  the  nearest  lot  to  that  of  Mr.  Howe 
upon  his  north,  and  also  in  the  same  manner,  on  a  different 
record,  as  living  upon  70,  N.  D.,  a  half-mile  farther  toward 
the  west.  It  seems  probable  that  he  first  settled  upon  the 
more  distant  lot,  removing  later  to  the  more  eastern  one. 
If  so,  no  successor  chose  the  more  elevated  residence,  while 
the  nearly  unbroken  line  of  dwellers  in  the  somewhat  more 
accessible  location  testifies  to  its  more  desirable  character  and 
makes  the  assumed  removal  probable.  But  the  road  upon 
which  Mr.  Howe  would  have  sought  lot  70  would  have  taken 
him  through  lot  58.  and  is  clearly  evident  through  its  full 
extent,  although  entirely  impassable  after  crossing  the  turn- 
pike ;  a  new  road  leaving  the  turnpike  some  distance  farther 
west  than  the  old  road  now  offers  somewhat  easier  access 
to  the  house  on  58,  in  later  years  known  as  the  "Gilson 
house,"  which  is  now  at  the  end  of  the  road.  For  many 
years  the  road  there  divided,  one  branch  extending  to  the 
"old  country  road,"  a  quarter-mile  north  of  Reuben  Kidder's, 
and  the  other  to  lot  70,  as  above  stated,  but  midway  thither 
sending  off  a  branch  meeting  the  north  line  of  the  town  at 
a  point  near  the  common  corner  of  Temple  and  Sharon.  That 
the  farther  of  the  two  lots  was  the  home  of  Mr.  Brown  at 
the  time  now  considered  is  made  more  probable  by  the  record 
of  acceptance,  two  years  later,  of  a  "Bridle  Road  Beginning 
at  the  southwest  corner  of  Josiah  Walton's  lot  thence  on  the 
west  line  of  Josiah  Brown's  lott  to  the  Road  from  Thomas 
Browns  Down  to  Isaac  How's."  The  value  of  those  roads 
in  the  early  days  is  indicated  by  a  vote  passed  eight  years 
later  to  "Except  the  Road  from  Ringe  by  Josiah  Browns  to 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

Edmund  Briants,"  evidently  composed  of  both  the  roads  just 
mentioned  as  diverging  from  lot  58,  and  also  nearly  three 
miles  of  road  now  nearly  or  quite  unused,  but  in  early  days 
passing  the  homes  of  Timothy  Stearns,  151,  A.  D..  Henry 
Fletcher,  152,  A.  D.,  David  Rumrill,  138,  A.  D.,  and  others, 
and  leaving  the  town  three-fourths  of  a  mile  south  from  its 
northwest  corner. 

In  1764  a  road  was  accepted  from  the  north  line  of  the 
town  past  the  house  of  Capt.  Joseph  Parker  in  44,  N.  D., 
afterward  the  site  of  the  New  Ipswich  Water  Cure,  to  the 
home  of  Simeon  Gould  in  40,  N.  D.,  where  it  joined  the 
earlier  road  to  the  embryonic  Center  Village.  There  are 
quite  clear  indications  that  before  this  new  road  was  opened 
there  had  been  a  primitive  thoroughfare  from  northern  lo- 
calities which  passed  by  Simeon  Gould's  and  was  probably 
continuous  with  the  southerly  path  previously  mentioned  as 
passing  the  Francis  Appleton  house.  Very  possibly  the  tra- 
ditions of  the  youthful  matrons  of  Temple  who  were  accus- 
tomed to  come,  in  equestrian  style  of  those  days,  to  the 
Sunday  services  of  New  Ipswich,  antedating  those  of  their 
later  settled  homes,  may  have  survived  in  recollections  of  the 
passage  through  that  woodland  path.  At  the  same  meeting 
was  accepted  a  road  commencing  at  the  road  "from  Dor- 
chester Canada"  (now  Ashburnham)  a  little  north  of  the 
house  of  Hezekiah  Corey  on  79,  A.  D.,  and  extending  south- 
westerly to  the  house  of  Joel  Crosby  on  81,  A.  D.,  the  lo- 
cation of  which  is  still  preserved  by  the  remaining  traces 
of  a  cellar  upon  the  west  side  of  the  old  road,  now  barely 
passable  at  that  point,  which  leads  from  Smith  Village  to 
the  old  "Breed  farms,"  80.  A.  D.,  now  owned  by  Frederic 
and  Willis  Mansfield,  and  82,  A.  D.,  at  the  end  of  the  road, 
long  the  home  of  the  retired  seaman,  Samuel  Chandler. 

By  action  taken  in  1765  and  somewhat  modified  in  1767 
and  1770,  provision  was  made  for  the  convenience  of  a  sec- 
tion of  the  town  near  the  southern  line,  along  which  settle- 
ment was  apparently  advancing  at  that  date,  but  in  which 
the  means  of  intercommunication  seem  in  most  places  to 
have  been  private  roads  not  yet  legalized  by  the  town.  The 
various  votes  of  that  period  of  adjustment  located  two  roads; 
first,  a  part  of  the  present  southern  road  to  Rindge,  extend- 
ing from  the  eastern  side  of  XII :  4,  S.  R.,  then  the  home  of 
Lieut.  Stephen  Adams,  Jr.,  and  later  the  property  of  Roger 


New  Highways 

Chandler  and  his  descendants,  through  a  corner  of  XIII :  4, 
S.  R.,  then  the  home  of  Col.  Joseph  Parker,  and  onward 
through  the  land  of  Simeon  Wright,  98,  N.  L.  O.,  later  the 
home  of  Roger  Ryan,  John  Nutting,  and  Almon  A.  Hill  in 
succession,  to  a  point  somewhat  west  of  the  summit  of  Binney 
Hill,  100,  N.  L.  O.,  where  were  then  the  homes  of  John 
Walker  and  Oliver  Wright.  From  that  point  it  would  seem 
that  a  passable  way,  private  or  accepted  by  the  town,  may 
be  assumed  as  offering  passage  to  the  "Governor's  Road," 
extending  from  "Governor's  Hill,"  as  the  western  side  of 
Binney  Hill  was  termed,  across  the  state  line  at  lot  86. 
A.  D. 

The  second  road  of  that  location  and  period  diverged 
southerly  from  the  first  road  just  given  near  the  line  be- 
tween XI :  4  and  XII :  4,  S.  R.,  passed  just  west  of  the  barn 
of  Samuel  Parker,  whose  home  was  on  XI :  4,  where  a  cellar, 
now  entirely  evident,  probably  marks  the  place  of  his  resi- 
dence, through  the  land  of  Simeon  Hildreth,  a  part  of  XII : 
4.  whence  the  traces  of  his  cellar  were  removed  more  than 
fifty  years  ago,  to  the  home  of  Dea.  James  Chandler  on  the 
summit  of  "Page  Hill,"  XIII :  2,  N.  L.  O.,  thence  through  the 
farms  of  Jesse  and  Abraham  Carlton,  85,  A.  D.,  later  the 
Stone  farm,  and  that  of  Stephen  Adams,  Sr.,  84,  A.  D..  for 
many  years  the  Blanchard  farm,  and  finally  reached  the 
lot  of  John  Wheeler,  86,  A.  D.,  at  or  near  the  state  line. 
where  in  due  time  union  was  made  with  the  "Governor's 
Road"  before  mentioned.  The  part  of  that  road  lying  north 
of  Dea.  Chandler's  has  long  been  discontinued,  having  been 
replaced  by  the  road  ascending  Page  Hill  from  Smith  Vil- 
lage more  directly,  but  the  old  way  is  easily  followed  through 
most  of  its  extent.  The  more  southern  portion  of  the  road 
was  subjected  to  frequent  minor  changes  of  position  in  early 
years,  but  the  road  practically  the  same  still  continues  to 
do  the  duty  for  which  it  was  designed. 

In  1768  it  was  voted  "to  open  the  Road  through  m'". 
Joseph  Kidder's  Land  to  accomodate  the  South  East  Treavil 
to  the  Meeting  House"  and  also  through  Benjamin  .Safford's 
land  to  his  barn ;  that  is  the  half-mile  of  road  known  in  the 
former  history  as  Main  or  Barrett  street. 

In  1770  the  facility  of  communication  between  the  north- 
ern and  southern  lines  of  farms  advancing  toward  the  moun- 
tain line  at  the  west  was  much  increased  by  a  road  from  the 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

road  between  XIV:  2  and  XV:  2,  S.  R.,  built  for  the  ac- 
commodation of  Nathaniel  Carlton  eight  years  before,  to  the 
region  soon  to  be  the  home  of  Stephen  Hildreth,  if  he  had  not 
already  arrived ;  there  seems  to  have  been  some  practicable 
route  not  definitely  recorded  between  his  home,  XIV :  2,  S.  R., 
and  the  road  to  Binney  Hill. 

At  this  date  the  greater  part  of  the  town  had  acquired 
so  complete  a  network  of  streets,  including  no  small  number 
concerning  the  origin  of  which  no  record  has  been  found, 
that  a  further  continuance  of  the  record  of  the  creation  of 
additional  thoroughfares  does  not  seem  expedient,  as  it  will 
not  throw  sufficient  additional  light  upon  the  progress  of 
the  town.  Occasionally,  however,  a  record  of  later  date 
seems  to  have  relations  that  ought  not  to  pass  unnoticed. 

In  1771  the  "bridle  road"  toward  Rindge  extending  from 
Simeon  Wright's  to  John  Walker's  was  made  an  "Open  Road" 
and  continued  to  Rindge  line,  passing,  by  an  old  route  noAV 
traceable  through  the  woodland  with  considerable  difficulty, 
a  short  distance  south  of  Binney  Pond  and  on  to  the  Rindge 
line  not  more  than  forty  rods  farther  north  than  the  present 
road  past  the  ruins  of  the  old  school-house  of  the  union 
New  Ipswich  and  Rindge  district.  A  branch  from  that  road 
not  far  west  from  Binney  Pond  turned  northerly  to  lot  106, 
N.  L.  O.,  the  home  of  "Capt.  James  Preston,"  later  of  Richard 
Wheeler.  The  last  quarter-mile  of  that  road  is  located  with- 
out difficulty. 

In  1775  a  road  from  the  house  of  Aaron  Chamberlain, 
(now  of  I.  E.  Aldrich,)  56,  N.  L.  O.,  to  the  road  from  Smith 
Village  to  the  Breed  farms  was  accepted.  Doubtless  that 
was  the  more  northerly  of  the  two  roads  which  might  be 
thus  described,  that  is  the  one  meeting  the  Breed  road  at 
the  old  "Collins  house,"  60,  N.  L.  O.,  now  closed.  The  south- 
erly road  meeting  the  Breed  road  near  the  Breed  house  on 
80,  A.  D.,  then  occupied  by  Daniel  Ramsdell,  was  voted  in 
1843.  The  road  easterly  from  the  Chamberlain  house  to  the 
Ashburnham  road  was  not  voted  until  1832,  the  only  high- 
way to  that  farm  before  that  date  being  the  one  first  pre- 
sented above  under  the  date  of  1775. 

In  1780  the  road  was  accepted  from  Col.  Thomas  Heald's 
house  upon  187,  N.  L.  O.,  later  the  Estabrooks  tavern,  south- 
erly to  Abel  Hildreth's  on  the  Ashby  line,  68,  A.  D. 


The  Turnpike 

In  1816  the  demand  for  a  more  direct  route  from  the 
eastern  part  of  the  town  to  the  Congregational  church  re- 
cently erected  on  the  spot  now  held  by  its  successor  was 
satisfied  by  the  construction  of  the  road  from  the  hill  west 
of  the  farmhouse  of  Benjamin  Champney  to  the  church. 

In  1817  the  present  road  ascending  Page  Hill  from  a 
point  upon  the  Rindge  road  about  one-fourth  of  a  mile 
southerly  from  Smith  Village  and  meeting  the  old  road  be- 
tween the  Joseph  Warren  house  and  that  of  Stillman  Gib- 
son, previously  the  property  of  Dea.  Joseph  Chandler,  on 
XIII :  2,  N.  L.  O..  was  accepted.  The  southerly  branch 
road  to  the  house  of  Jeremiah  Prichard,  since  for  a  long  time 
known  as  the  "William  Wheeler  farm,"  was  made  at  the  same 

In  1828  the  river  road  from  the  High  Bridge  to  the  Mason 
(now  Greenville)  town  line  was  constructed,  and  in  1836  the 
road  extending  southeasterly  from  the  Congregational  church 
and  meeting  the  road  from  the  Bank  Village  to  Dr.  Stillman 
Gibson's  at  "the  whirlpool." 

That  part  of  the  Rindge  road  passing  just  westerl}-  of 
Smith  Village  which  lies  farther  north  than  the  shop  built 
by  Charles  Taylor,  but  now  owned  by  Hughes,  was  built  in 
1847,  and  the  southern  portion  three  years  later. 

In  1853  the  road  from  the  western  part  of  the  Bank  Vil- 
lage to  a  point  on  the  turnpike  about  midway  between  the 
Center  Village  and  the  High  Bridge  was  built  through  VI:  1, 
S.  R.,  and  also  the  road  from  the  northern  end  of  Gibson 
Village  to  the  "Willard  house"  near  the  center  of  VII :  3. 
where  it  connects  with  the  old  road  of  1755  running  past 
that  house. 

The  record  of  the  prominent  roads  of  the  town  would 
be  far  from  complete  if  the  story  of  the  turnpike,  following 
approximately  the  line  appearing  earliest  upon  maps  of  New 
Ipswich,  were  omitted.  Although  that  enterprise,  designed 
for  public  convenience  and  private  emolument,  long  ago  met 
the  fate  of  similar  projects  elsewhere,  it  really  for  a  time 
was  a  noteworthy  element  in  the  activities  of  the  town,  and 
it  seems  strange  to  those  who  can  recall  the  middle  of  the 
preceding  century  that  members  of  the  younger  generation 
hardly  know  accurately  what  its  name  means,  or  that  it  ever 
was  anything  more  than  a  street  of  the  Center  Village.  But 
this  promising  highway,  entering  New  Ipswich  at  the  Wheeler 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

tavern  in  5,  A.  D.,  and  leaving  it  near  the  northwest  corner 
of  the  town,  was  a  noted  route  for  rapid  travel  a  century 
ago,  and  still  more  valued  by  the  owners  of  the  four-  or 
six-horse  wagons  which  in  those  days  conveyed  the  farmer's 
crops  to  market,  and  the  desired  goods,  bought  in  the  same 
lower  country  towns,  on  the  return  trip.  But  the  turnpike  and 
the  four  rather  noted  taverns  scattered  along  the  nine  miles  of 
its  length  within  the  town,  elements  in  the  circulatory  system 
of  those  earlier  days,  have  no  place  in  the  age  of  railroads 
and  have  disappeared. 

The  story  of  the  turnpike,  written  by  one  who  clearly 
remembered  the  days  of  its  activity,  is  here  copied  from  the 
former  history  of  the  town. 

"At  the  very  commencement  of  the  century  the  'Third 
New  Hampshire  Turnpike'  was  projected.  It  was  very 
strongly  opposed  by  those  in  the  westerly  part  of  the  town 
through  whose  lands  it  was  to  pass,  and  who  wished  to  have 
it  take  a  more  southerly  route,  and  gave  rise  to  some  riotous 
proceedings  by  no  means  creditable  to  those  concerned.  One 
party  sustained  the  contractors  in  breaking  through  the  lands, 
while  another  did  what  they  could,  by  threats  and  annoy- 
ances, to  drive  off  the  working  party.  Ploughs,  shovels,  and 
other  implements  were  carried  oiT  or  mutilated,  and  not  a 
few  bruised  heads  and  lawsuits  resulted. 

"The  turnpike  was  fifty  miles  long,  extending  from 
Townsend  to  Walpole.  Its  location  was  as  bad  as  it  could 
well  be,  and  was  laid  out  on  the  idea  that  the  most  direct 
course  was  both  the  shortest  and  the  most  expeditious ;  hence 
there  was  the  tugging  directly  over  the  summit  of  steep 
hills,  when  it  would  have  been  as  near  to  go  round  them  on 
nearly  level  ground.  The  contract  for  constructing  it  was 
chiefly  taken  by  Col.  Bellows  of  Walpole,  assisted  by  Squire 
Hartwell  and  others ;  and  sections  of  it  were  undertaken  in 
this  town  by  Seth  Wheeler  and  Maj.  Adams.  It  proved  an 
unprofitable  enterprise.  It  cost  about  $50,000.  divided  into 
shares  of  $200.  A  very  small  dividend  was  declared  for  a 
few  years ;  but  in  1813  the  stock  had  depreciated  so  much 
that  it  sold  for  twelve  dollars  a  share ;  and  about  the  year 
1819,  for  some  small  sum,  which  was  raised  by  voluntary  sub- 
scription, it  was  made  a  free  road  and  adopted  by  the  town. 
The  toll-gates  were  placed,  one  at  the  foot  of  the  hills  in 
Mason,  and  the  other  near  where  the  Rindge  road  turns  ofif 


The  Turnpike 

above  the  Flat  Mountain,  The  people  above  this  latter  gate, 
however,  did  not  choose  to  pay  toll  for  coming  to  the  village, 
and  therefore  cut  a  road  around  it.  Travellers  and  teams 
soon  learned  to  avail  themselves  of  the  same  loophole,  and 
the  directors  found  it  more  judicious  to  allow  the  citizens 
and  their  neighbors  to  travel  two  or  three  miles  free,  and 
catch  those  who  travelled  long  distances ;  so  the  gate  was 
removed  westward  to  near  the  borders  of  the  town." 






AOCO  Original   I'eporhJ  a^■mm^. 

EFGHJH.     AmanJcJ   gronf 

-"^--^     LMNO  StconJ  <)fant. 

f7  npHE  early  his- 
/  -^  tory  of  New 
England  shows 
that  many  a 
town,  when  it 
first  lawfully 
received  a  dis- 
tinctive appel- 
lation, was  of 
far  too  broad 
extent  for  a  per- 
manent unity 
oof  feeling  i  n 
local  matters, 
and  so  with  passing  years 
it  became  expedient  to 
recognize  the  more  or  less 
divergent  desires  of  different  sections,  and  to  make  such  divi- 
sions as  would  permit  local  differences  and  yet  retain  harmo- 
nious action  upon  broader  common  interests.  Such  were 
many  of  the  early  New  England  units.  But  New  Ipswich 
had  no  such  experience ;  it  was  never  a  part  of  an  earlier  town, 
nor  did  it  witness  the  birth  of  a  younger  town  in  its  own  area. 
It  might,  therefore,  seem  that  its  form  must  have  been 
ever  the  same,  and  that  no  such  rather  complicated  figure 
as  is  presented  in  the  margin  could  have  a  place  in  its  his- 
tory. But  this  graphic  presentation  gives  no  suggestion  of 
the  division  by  some  stress  within  a  larger  unit ;  the  causes 
of  the  varying  boundaries  must  be  sought  at  a  distance. 
Space  cannot  be  taken  here  for  a  full  discussion  of  the  vary- 
ing interests  which  had  a  part  in  the  decision  of  the  loca- 
tion and  conditions  of  New  Ipswich,  and  without  doubt  some 
threads  in  the  tangled  web  of  causes  and  effects  left  no 
clearly  formed,  intelligible  figures  in  the  result. 


Errors  in  Early  Grants 

But  perhaps  a  brief  presentation  of  two  of  the  more  po- 
tent causes  of  the  tardy  determination  of  the  town  bound- 
aries will  satisfy  the  general  reader.  These  causes  were, 
first,  the  general  ignorance  of  the  English  authorities  in  re- 
lation to  the  immense  American  areas  under  their  rule,  and 
second,  the  long  continued  hostility  between  the  parties  of 
the  Puritan  and  the  Cavalier. 

The  permanence  of  the  first  of  those  causes  is  suggested 
by  a  map  of  the   New   England   region   published  as  late  as 
1768  in  an  atlas  evidently  prepared  for  the  use  of  the  upper 
classes   in   England,   as   its   price   was   six   guineas,   in   which 
the  name  "New  Ipswich"  was  applied  to  the  southern  part 
of  Winchendon,   Mass.,  previously  known   as  "Ipswich   Can- 
ada," while  the  true   New   Ipswich,   which  at  that  time  had 
been  an   incorporated  town  for  six  years,  was  shown,  as  on 
an  older  map  of  1748,  as  a  square  designated  by  the  words, 
"To    Ipswich,"    which    was    so    misplaced    by    a    rotation    of 
twenty-five  degrees  that  its  southern  and  eastern  sides  crossed 
the  state  line,  thus  locating  one-twentieth  of  the  area  of  the 
town,  at  its  southeastern  corner,  in  Massachusetts.     But  this 
was  a  very   insignificant   error  in   comparison   with   those  of 
the   early   grants,   apparently   sometimes   the    result   of   care- 
lessness, but  more  frequently  due  to  a  more  or  less  defined 
belief    that    the    American    rivers    flowing    into    the    Atlantic 
necessarily   flowed   approximately   parallel   from    the   western 
region,  so  that  grants  of  land  might  conveniently  be  bounded 
by  these  streams  and  by  lines  running  westwardly  from  their 
headwaters  to  the  Pacific  Ocean,  the  distance  to  that  body 
of  water  being  entirely  unsuspected.     Evidently  any  consid- 
erable deviation  of  the  rivers  from  their  assumed  parallel  di- 
rections must  superimpose  two  or  more  grants  and  present 
for  decision  very  difficult  problems  of  ownership.       The  case 
of  New  Ipswich  presented  difficulties  due  in  part  to  a  care- 
less overlapping  of  grants,  but  in  part  also  to  the  unwarranted 
assumption   concerning  the   lines   of   river   courses,   both   the 
errors  of  "the  Council  established  at  Plynioiith  in  the  County 
of  Devon,  for  the   Planting,  Ruling,  Ordering  and  Governing 
of  New  England   in   America"   in   whose   charter  granted  by 
King  James  I,  November  3,  1620,  the  territory  included  in  the 
grant  was  defined  as  "lying  and  being  in  breadth  from  Fort}' 
Degrees  of  Northerly  Latitude  from  the  Equinoctial  Line  to 
the  Forty  Eighth  Degree  of  the  said  Northerly  Latitude,  in- 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

clusively,  and  in  length  of  and  within  all  the  breadth  afore- 
said throughout  all  the  Main  Lands  from  Sea  to  Sea." 

Two  grants  made  by  that  "Council  of  Plymouth"  demand 
attention  in  considering  the  troubles  of  the  settlers  in  New 
Ipswich  more  than  a  century  afterward,  although  later  ac- 
tion of  King  Charles  I  and  also  of  King  William  and  Queen 
Mary  complicated  the  question  to  some  extent.  On  August 
10,  1662,  the  Council  granted  to  Sir  Ferdinando  Gorges  and 
Capt.  John  Mason,  both  members  of  the  Council  and  the  one 
first  named  its  president, 

all  that  part  of  the  main  land  in  New  England  lying  upon  the  sea-coast 
betwixt  y^  rivers  of  Merrimack  and  Sagadahock,  and  to  the  furthest 
heads  of  the  said  rivers,  and  soe  forwards  up  into  the  land  westward 
until  three-score  miles  be  finished  from  y"  first  entrance  of  the  afore- 
said rivers,  and  half  way  over;  that  is  to  say,  to  the  midst  of  the  said 
two  rivers  w*^"*  bounds  and  limitts  the  lands  aforesaid  together  with  all 
the  islands  and  isletts  within  five  leagues  distance  of  y*  premises  and 
abutting  upon  y"  same  or  any  part  or  parcell  thereof. 

Later  grants  to  the  same  parties  apparently  cover  the  same 
ground  in  part,  but  confirm  the  center  line  of  the  Merrimack 
river  as  the  southern  boundary. 

But  upon  March  19,  1627/8,  the  Council  granted  to  ''Sir 
Henry  Roswell,  Sir  John  Young,  Knights,  Thomas  Soitthcott,  John 
Humphreys,  John  Endicott,  and  Simon  Whetcombe" 

all  that  part  of  New  England  in  America  aforesaid,  which  lyes  and  ex- 
tends between  a  great  River  there,  commonly  called  Monomack  alias 
Merrimack,  and  a  certain  other  River  there  called  Charles  River,  being 
in  a  bottom  of  a  certain  Bay  there  commonly  called  Massachusetts,  alias 
Mattachusetts,  alias  Massatusetts  Bay,  and  also  all  and  singular  those 
Lands  and  Hereditaments  whatsoever,  lying  and  being  within  the  space 
of  three  English  Miles  on  the  South  part  of  the  said  Charles  River,  or  of 
any  and  every  Part  thereof;  and  also  all  and  singular  the  Lands  and  He- 
reditaments whatsoever,  lying  and  being  within  the  space  of  three  English 
Miles  to  the  Southward  of  the  southernmost  part  of  said  Bay  called 
the  Massachusetts,  alias  Mattachusetts,  alias  Massatusetts  Bay;  and  also 
all  those  Lands  and  Hereditaments  whatsoever  which  lye  and  be  within 
the  space  of  three  English  Miles  to  the  Northward  of  the  said  River 
called  Monomack,  alias  Merrimack,  or  to  the  Northward  of  any  and 
every  part  thereof,  and  all  Lands  and  Hereditaments  whatsoever  lying 
within  the  limits  aforesaid  North  and  South  in  Latitude,  and  in  Breadth, 
and  in  Length,  and  longitude,  of  and  within  all  the  breadth  aforesaid 
throughout  the  Main  Lands  there,  from  the  Atlantick  and  Western  Sea 
and  Ocean  on  the  East  part  to  the  South  Sea  on  the  West  part,  and 
all  Lands  and  Grounds,  Place  and  Places,  Soil,  Woods  and  Wood- 
Grounds,    Havens,    Ports,    Rivers,    Waters,    Fishing    and    Hereditaments 


The  Massachusetts  Claim 

whatsoever,  lying  within  the  said  bounds  and  limits,  and  every  part 
and  parcell  thereof. 

A  year  later  this  grant  was  confirmed  by  King  Charles  I, 
who  at  the  same  time  constituted  the  grantees  and  others 
who  had  been  admitted  during  the  year  as  their  associates,  a 
corporation  bearing  the  title  "The  Governor  and  Company 
of  the  Massachusetts  Bay  in  New  England." 

Obviously  the  strip  of  land  three  miles  in  width  along 
the  northern  bank  of  the  Merrimack  River  which  was  in- 
cluded in  both  of  those  grants  was  certain  to  cause  trouble 
sooner  or  later ;  but  the  unrecognized  fact  that  the  river  flowed 
in  a  southerly  direction  instead  of  toward  the  east  until  within 
about  thirty  miles  of  the  sea  was  still  more  threatening,  as 
it  was  uncertain  which  grant  included  the  large  extent  of 
land  lying  westerly  from  that  part  of  the  Merrimack  above 
the  point  of  change  in  its  direction.  While  the  doubtful  ter- 
ritory remained  inhabited  only  by  Indians  and  hunters  no 
practical  questions  demanded  solution,  and  the  location  of 
the  "furthest  head"  of  the  river  from  which,  according  to 
Gorges  and  Mason's  grant,  the  bounds  were  to  extend  "soe 
forwards  up  into  the  land  westward,"  was  left  unsettled,  al- 
though the  claims  of  each  party  were  known.  Massachusetts 
claimed  the  three-mile  strip  on  the  eastern  side  of  the  river 
nearly  to  Lake  Winnipisaukee,  where,  as  was  claimed,  the 
river  was  formed  by  the  union  of  two  smaller  streams,  while 
New  Hampshire  asserted  that  the  name  had  never  been  rightly 
applied  to  the  stream  above  the  farthest  incoming  of  the  salt 
water  at  high  tide,  which  was  near  Haverhill,  Mass. 

For  many  years  there  was  no  appeal  to  English  authority; 
but  had  the  attention  of  the  home  powers  been  invoked  there 
seems  little  doubt  that  there  would  have  been  a  clear  division 
along  the  party  lines  so  sharply  drawn  in  the  middle  of  the 
seventeenth  century,  the  Royal-Episcopalian  sentiment  favor- 
ing Gorges  and  Mason,  and  the  dissenting  element  which 
brought  the  Commonwealth  into  power  their  fellow-partisans 
in  Massachusetts.  At  all  events  it  is  a  striking  coincidence 
that  1653,  the  year  in  which  Cromwell  turned  the  key  behind 
the  Long  Parliament,  also  saw  the  name  of  Governor  John 
Endicott  cut  upon  a  rock,  afterward  covered  by  the  rising 
waters  of  Lake  Winnipisaukee,  as  establishing  the  north- 
eastern corner  of  Massachusetts. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

The  Gorges  and  Mason  claim  was  divided  at  an  early 
date,  the  doubtful  section  being  taken  by  Mason,  but  neither 
he  nor  those  to  whonii  later  the  Masonian  claim  was  as- 
signed thought  it  advisable  to  enter  upon  a  vigorous  contest. 
But  about  1725  settlers  began  to  multiply  on  the  disputed 
region  by  virtue  of  grants  from  Alassachusetts,  which  was 
not  at  all  averse  to  securing  that  possession  which  so  often 
proves  to  be  "nine  points  of  the  law,"  and  an  era  of  pro- 
tests, committees,  and  commissions  ensued,  with  a  final  refer- 
ence to  the  King,  George  II,  who  on  March  5,  1739/40, 
decided  that  the  river  should  be  followed  only  as  far  as  its 
course  was  from  the  west,  and  in  determining  the  point  of 
departure  from  the  river,  he  gave  New  Hampshire  a  strip 
fourteen  miles  in  width  which  she  had  not  claimed,  including 
of  course  New  Ipswich,  in  which  the  only  settlers  were 
Abijah  Foster  with  wife  and  daughter  and  probably  infant 
son  Ebenezer  in  their  new  home  near  the  spot  to  be  afterward 
occupied  by  Union  Hall.  Perhaps  Jonas  Woolson  had  re- 
turned from  his  winter  sojourn  in  Littleton,  Mass.,  and  may 
have  been  at  work  preparing  a  home  for  his  future  wife  where 
now  stands  the  home  of  the  Country  Club,  or  he  may  have 
been  in  company  with  Benjamin  Hoar,  who  had  come  with 
similar  purpose  to  the  next  lot  toward  the  river. 

Immediately  after  the  decision  of  the  king,  Jonathan 
Belcher,  governor-in-chief  over  both  provinces,  sought  a  joint 
survey  of  the  common  state  line  from  the  designated  point, 
three  miles  north  from  Pawtucket  Falls,  due  west  to  the 
Hudson  River.  New  Hampshire  at  once  assented,  but  for 
some  reason  the  Massachusetts  authorities  delayed  action, 
and  on  March  24,  1740/1,  Surveyor  Richard  Hazzen  with 
chainmen  and  other  suitable  assistants  entered  upon  that  duty, 
which  he  completed  seventeen  days  later.  A  few  lines  from 
his  private  journal  are  here  quoted  which  show  the  changes 
in  town  boundaries  made  necessary  by  the  establishment  of 
the  new  line,  that  the  line  might  not  divide  any  town. 

In  the  Course  from  the  point  where  I  first  Set  out  the  Line  Cros* 
through  part  of  Dracutt  and  Nottingham,  and  leaves  but  a  small  part 
of  Dracutt  Northerly  of  it;  but,  the  Greatest  part  of  Nottingham,  the 
Greatest  part  of  Dunstable  falls  on  the  Northerly  side  and  but  a  Small 
part  of  Groton,  and  Townsend ;  the  Greatest  part  of  the  Towns  of  New 
Ipswich  Rowley  Cannada  &  Sylvester,  fall  Northerly  of  the  line,  by 
the    best    Information    I    can   gett :    the    Greatest    part    of    Winchester    if 


The  Ipswich  Grant 

not  all  falls  on  the  Northerly  Side,  and  a  third  part  of  the  lands  of 
Northfeild,  if  not  more,  tho  but  Two  Houses  Only:  There  are  many 
other  Towns  further  North  which  were  beyond  my  observation  laid  out 
&  peopled  by  the  Massachusetts  Bay. 

The  result  of  the  conditions  which  have  been  considered 
upon  the  formation  of  New  Ipswich  may  now  be  presented 
in  more  definite  form,  and  perhaps  the  motive  of  the  initial 
step  can  be  stated  no  better  than  in  the  words  of  the  early 
American  historian,  Dr.  William  Douglass,  quoted  in  the  for- 
mer history  of  the  town  as  follows :  "About  the  middle  of  the 
last  century,  the  General  Assembly  of  Massachusetts  was  in 
the  humor  of  distributing  the  property  of  much  vacant  or 
Province  land ;  perhaps  in  good  policy  and  forethought,  to 
secure  to  the  Massachusetts  people,  by  possession,  the  property 
of  part  of  some  controverted  lands,"  ....  "Our  Assem- 
bly, at  that  time,  were  in  such  a  hurry  to  appropriate  vacant 
lands,  that  several  old  towns  were  encouraged  to  petition  for  an 
additional  new  township ;  and  when  they  were  satiated,  the  As- 
sembly introduced  others,  by  way  of  bounty  to  the  descend- 
ants of  the  soldiers  in  the  Indian  War  of  King  Philip,  so 
called,  (1675,)  and  these  were  called  Narragansett  toivnships; 
and  others  to  the  soldiers  in  Sir  William  Phipps'  expedition 
into  Canada,   (1690,)  which  were  called  Canada  toivnships." 

Many  of  those  grants  were  made  in  1735/6,  and  on  Janu- 
ary 15  of  that  year  New  Ipswich  was  granted  to  petitioners 
largely  from  Ipswich,  Mass.,  whence  the  name  of  the  new 
social  unit,  not  yet  a  town,  although  later  events  destroyed 
the  original  predominance  of  settlers  from  Ipswich  and  neigh- 
boring towns.    The  grant  was  made  in  the  following  terms : 


Jany  15th,   1735-36.  In  the  House  of  Representatives. 

In  answer  to  the  Petition  of  John  Wainwright  and  John  Choat 
Esqr.  Representatives  of  the  town  of  Ipswich,  In  behalf  of  sundry  in- 
habitants of  sd  town.  Voted  that  the  prayer  be  granted  and  that  John 
Wainwright  and  John  Choat  Esqrs,  with  such  as  shall  be  joyned  by 
the  Honorable  board  be  a  committee  at  the  charge  of  the  Grantees 
and  such  of  the  Inhabitants  as  they  shall  think  proper,  to  lay  out  a 
township  of  six  miles  square  in  some  of  the  unappropriated  lands  of 
the  Province  and  that  they  return  a  plat  thereof  to  this  court  within 
twelve  months  for  confirmation,  and  that  for  the  more  effectual  bringing 
forward  the  settlement  of  the  sd  new  town ;  Ordered  that  the  said 
town  be  laid  out  into  sixty-three  equal  shares,  one  of  which  to  be  for 
the  first  settled  minister,  one   for  the  ministry  and  one   for  the  school, 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

and  that  on  each  of  the  other  sixty  shares,  the  Grantees  do  within 
three  years  after  the  confirmation  of  the  plan  settle  one  good  family 
who  shall  have  a  house  built  on  his  home  lot  of  eighteen  feet  square 
and  seven  feet  stud  at  the  least,  and  finished;  that  each  right  or  Grantee 
have  six  acres  of  Land  brought  to  and  plowed  or  brought  to  English 
Grass  and  fitted  for  mowing,  that  they  settle  a  learned  and  orthodox 
minister  and  build  a  convenient  Meeting  house  for  the  public  worship 
of  God,  and  that  said  committee  take  bond  of  each  Settler  of  forty  pounds 
for  his  complying  with  the  conditions  of  settlement,  and  that  each  settler 
that  shall  fail  of  performing  the  aforesaid  conditions  shall  forfeit  his 
share  or  right  in  the  new  town  to  the  Government  and  the  same  to  be 
disposed  of  as  they  shall  see  cause. 

In  Council  read  and  concurred  and  Thomas  Berry,  Esqr.  is  joined 
with  the  committee  in  the  said  affair. 

Consented  to,  J.   BELCHER. 

In  accordance  with  the  above  action  a  township  six  miles 
square  was  soon  after  laid  out  by  Surveyor  Jonas  Houghton 
of  Ipswich,  and  the  plot,  a  mere  outline,  was  returned  to  the 
General  Court  for  approval.  In  the  record  of  action  thereon 
it  is  described  as  "bordering  Southerly  on  a  township  laid 
out  to  Tileston  and  others,  Canada  Soldiers,  and  adjoyning 
to  the  town  of  Townsend,"  but  apparently  the  word  "adjoyn- 
ing" was  not  to  be  taken  literally,  as  it  was  voted  that  it 
"be  accepted  as  it  is  reformed  by  the  pricked  lines  as  within 
set  forth  so  as  it  adjoyns  to  Townsend,"  showing  that,  as  was 
often  the  case  in  the  early  township  surveys,  such  land  was 
chosen  as  seemed  most  desirable  to  the  grantees  with  little 
consideration  whether  the  strips  lying  between  the  new  town- 
ship and  its  nearest  neighbors  were  sufficient  for  the  forma- 
tion of  other  new  townships  in  due  time.  In  this  case,  how- 
ever, the  General  Court  deemed  it  advisable  to  leave  no  such 
intermediate  space,  and  so  removed  the  new  township  nearly 
four  miles  eastward,  at  the  same  time  changing  its  form 
from  a  square  to  a  figure  not  far  removed  from  a  rhomboid 
in  order  that  it  might  conform  to  the  western  line  of  Towns- 
end,  then  considerably  larger  than  in  later  years. 

The  embryonic  New  Ipswich  is  represented  in  the  initial 
diagram  of  this  chapter  by  the  square  ABCD,  and  its  figure 
after  legal  birth  by  EFGHJK.  The  exact  position  of  the  square 
is  somewhat  uncertain,  but  probably  it  included  a  little  more 
than  one-half  of  the  present  New  Ipswich,  its  eastern  bound- 
ary line  passing  a  little  eastward  of  the  summit  of  Kidder 
Mountain,  thence  southerly  just  east  of  Davis  Village  and 
through   the   site   of   Smith   Village,   and   crossing  the   state 


The  Changing  Boundaries 

line  in  the  region  long  known  as  the  "Breed  farms,"  lots  80, 
82,  A.  D.,  it  located  the  southeastern  corner,  C,  in  Ashby,  a 
few  rods  south  of  the  state  line.  The  other  corners  were 
situated  approximately  as  follows :  The  northwestern  cor- 
ner, A,  in  Jaifrey,  a  mile  northward  from  Squantum  Village; 
the  northeastern  corner,  B,  in  Temple,  south  of  Temple 
Mountain,  but  a  mile  eastward  from  Spofford  Gap;  and 
the  southwestern  corner,  D,  near  the  point  where  the  state 
line  crosses  the  eastern  side  of  Monomonac  Pond. 

According  to  the  plat  of  Surveyor  Houghton  the  direc- 
tion of  the  western  side  of  the  square  was  N.  12°  E.,  but  as 
at  that  date  the  western  variation  of  the  needle  was  not  far 
from  ten  degrees,  the  deviation  of  the  southern  line  from  a 
true  east  and  west  direction  must  have  been  about  two  de- 
grees, which  agrees  with  later  determinations  as  nearly  as 
could  be  expected. 

The  accepted  position  of  the  town  after  its  removal  to 
the  east  between  its  prolonged  northern  and  southern  bound- 
aries is  less  uncertain  than  that  of  the  square,  but  the  existing 
early  records  are  not  such  as  can  give  great  accuracy.  That 
its  northwestern  corner,  E,  was  in  Sharon,  and  about  three- 
fourths  of  a  mile  southerly  from  the  site  of  the  present  brick 
schoolhouse ;  the  northeastern  corner,  F,  in  the  southwestern 
corner  of  Wilton,  near  the  Temple  line ;  the  southeastern  cor- 
ner, H,  a  few  rods  beyond  the  Massachusetts  line,  and  nearly 
south  from  the  site  of  the  "George  Ramsdell  house"  east  of 
Whittemore  Hill,  on  70,  A.  D. ;  and  the  southwestern  corner, 
/,  about  three-fourth  of  a  mile  west  of  the  present  south- 
western corner  near  the  Rindge  turnpike,  is  nearly  correct. 

The  records  of  the  Massachusetts  Proprietors  are  not 
known  to  be  in  existence,  and  the  details  of  the  work  of  the 
early  years  is  very  imperfectly  known.  It  is  evident,  however, 
that  the  conditions  in  respect  to  improvement  of  shares  within 
three  years  were  by  no  means  fulfilled,  probably  to  a  great 
extent  because  the  title  to  the  lands  soon  became  understood 
to  be  very  uncertain.  The  most  valuable  of  the  early  papers 
which  have  been  found  is  perhaps  the  map  mentioned  on  the 
first  page  of  chapter  one.  It  bears  no  date,  but  the  words 
"Province  Line  on  this  Side"  written  a  little  way  beyond 
the  northern  line  of  the  township  show  that  it  antedated 
Hazzen's  survey  of  1740-1 ;  and  the  abbreviated  name  of  some 
tree  at  nearly  every  lot  corner  indicates  that  the  survey  was 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

made  while  yet  the  entire  town  was  practically  a  wilderness. 
Only  128  lots  are  designated  upon  the  map,  those  included 
in  the  North  Division  and  the  South  Ranges,  comprising  a 
block  four  miles  square.  The  positions  of  the  streams,  as 
given  on  this  early  map,  make  it  certain  that  the  lots  are 
identical  with  those  bearing  the  same  numbers  on  later  maps, 
but  by  some  error,  probably  of  a  draughtsman  who  constructed 
the  map  from  the  notes  of  the  surveyor  without  visiting  the 
land  himself,  the  portion  of  the  township  there  represented 
is  made  its  southeast  corner,  and  a  now  somewhat  indistinct 
line  of  writing  seems  to  declare  it  to  border  on  Dorchester 
Canada,  located  where  now  are  Ashburnham  and  Ashby. 
Without  doubt  those  lots  numbered  in  the  earliest  survey 
should  have  been  represented  one  mile  from^  the  southern  line 
of  the  town,  thus  leaving  a  strip  not  divided  into  lots  one 
mile  in  width  along  the  north  line  of  the  town,  as  well  as  the 
south  line.  The  boundaries  of  the  lots  were  naturally  laid 
out  parallel  to  the  township  lines,  and  hence  there  were  no 
rectangular  lots,  a  condition  continuing  to  the  present  day 
to  the  great  discomfiture  of  surveyors  seeking  boundaries  de- 
pendent upon  early  lot  lines,  an  inconvenience  greatly  in- 
creased by  a  small  angle  in  the  Townsend  line,  necessarily 
transferred  to  the  New  Ipswich  line  and  thence  to  the  approx- 
imately north  and  south  boundaries  of  lots  throughout  the  en- 
tire block  now  considered,  and  containing  about  one-half  the 
area  of  the  town.  It  may  be  here  added  that  the  later  division 
of  the  remaining  half  was  so  made  as  to  give  additional 
variety  to  the  angles,  and  to  make  reference  to  ancient  land- 
marks still  more  difficult. 

But  despite  the  serious  defects  mentioned,  that  ancient 
map  is  very  valuable,  if  for  no  other  reason  than  its  presenta- 
tion of  the  names  of  those  owning  the  lots  settled  in  the 
early  days  of  the  town,  there  being  only  four  lots  of  the 
entire  number  in  the  sixteen  square  miles  the  ownership  of 
which  is  not  designated.  But  it  is  somewhat  surprising  to 
find  how  few  are  the  names  continuing  from  "Old  Ipswich" 
far  into  the  history  of  New  Ipswich.  It  is  not  certain  that 
even  one  of  the  sixty-one  lot-owners  whose  names  are  borne 
upon  that  early  map  became  a  resident  in  the  town,  although 
apparently  William  Brown,  the  owner  of  lot  30,  N.  D.,  after- 
ward long  the  home  of  his  son  Ebenezer,  probably  came  to 
New  Ipswich  about  1763  and  remained  several  years.    Thomas 


The  Earl\'  Settlers 

Dennis,  owner  of  lot  57,  N.  D..  appears  as  owner  of  the  same 
lot  in  1750,  but  he  resided  in  town  very  briefly,  if  at  all. 
Thomas  Adams  and  Isaac  Appleton,  however,  earnestly  con- 
tinued their  interest  in  the  town,  were  the  two  largest  land- 
owners at  the  time  of  its  second  birth,  and  although  neither 
of  them  changed  his  own  residence  to  New  Ipswich,  their 
sons,  Benjamin  and  Ephraim  Adams  and  Isaac  and  Francis 
Appleton,  were  among  the  prominent  citizens  of  their  genera- 
tion. No  descendants  of  any  of  the  four  Ipswich  grantees 
here  mentioned  have  continued  one  of  these  family  names 
in  town  to  the  present  time,  although  it  is  by  no  means  im- 
probable that  some  of  the  later  settlers  bearing  the  names 
Foster.  Howe,  Knowlton,  Potter,  Safford,  Smith,  Start,  or 
Warren,  may  have  descended  from  kinsmen  of  the  early  lot- 
owners.  But  a  considerable  amount  of  careful  search  has 
failed  to  disclose  any  lines  of  direct  descent. 

Two  conditions  joined  to  cause  such  a  change,  so  unusual 
in  New  England  history.  Those  early  settlers  were  by  no 
means  fickle  and  impetuous  men,  expecting,  like  many  who 
have  in  later  years  left  New  England  for  the  West,  to  acquire 
wealth  in  only  a  few  years,  and  in  default  of  such  success 
ready  to  remove  again.  In  a  large  majority  of  cases  they 
were  earnest,  deliberate  workers,  planning  to  secure  by 
sturdy,  continued  effort,  a  comfortable  home  in  which  they 
might  rear  children  like  themselves  among  whom,  in  the  home 
they  planned  to  make,  they  might  pass  their  later  years.  Such 
plans  do  not  change  for  nought,  nor  from  sudden  impulse. 
But  in  the  case  of  New  Ipswich  and  other  towns  granted  by 
Massachusetts  at  about  the  same  date,  in  the  southwestern 
portion  of  New  Hampshire,  a  special  potent  condition  had 
a  place.  The  claim  of  John  Mason,  presented  earlier  in  this 
chapter,  at  the  time  now  under  consideration  more  than  a 
hundred  years  old.  and  in  the  hands  of  John  Tufton  Mason, 
sixth  in  the  line  of  descent  from  its  original  owner,  was  so 
long  neglected  during  the  time  of  special  strength  in  English 
councils  of  the  dissenting  party  that  apparently  it  was  al- 
most forgotten,  and  after  the  English  Restoration  its  possible 
value  found  recognition  very  slowly.  But  at  about  the  time 
of  the  rapid  creation  of  Massachusetts  townships  in  the  dis- 
puted territory,  perhaps  indeed  caused  by  that  forward  move- 
ment, the  ancient  claim  became  more  real  in  public  thought. 
with  a  resulting  delay  on  the  part  of  grantees  to  enter  upon 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

their  distant  possessions  and  a  sad  loss  of  enthusiasm  on 
the  part  of  those  who  had  entered  upon  the  work  of  wresting 
from  the  wilderness  a  home  which,  after  all  the  faithful  labor, 
might  not  be  theirs.  And  when  immediately  after  the  first 
three  or  four  little  spots  had  been  opened  beside  the  old 
"country  road"  the  surveyor  ran  the  line  which  so  clearly 
might  utterly  invalidate  all  their  claims,  it  is  not  surprising 
that  enthusiasm  weakened  and  the  advance  nearly  ceased. 
Still  a  few  settlers  came  from  various  places ;  Jonas  Woolson 
from  Watertown  in  some  way  succeeded  to  the  lots  of  Mark 
Howe,  an  Ipswich  grantee.  Benjamin  Hoar  from  Littleton 
secured  the  lots  of  Robert  Potter,  another  Ipswich  grantee, 
but  made  his  home  on  the  "country  road"  near  the  home  of 
Jonas  Woolson,  Joseph  Stevens  from  Townsend  instead  of 
Jeremiah  Smith,  and  so  on  until  there  may  have  been  a 
dozen  or  more  dwellings  in  the  eastern  part  of  the  town. 
But  in  1748  the  second  adverse  condition  appeared.  Hitherto 
the  settlers  had  seen  little  of  the  Indians,  and  no  trouble  in 
this  respect  had -been  experienced,  nor  at  this  time  did  the 
Indians  enter  New  Ipswich.  But  they  came  with  hostile  pur- 
pose altogether  too  near  the  few  isolated  houses  of  the  little 
settlement  to  make  it  seem  expedient  for  the  families  to 
remain  thus  exposed.  A  party  of  about  eighty  Indians  burned 
the  house  of  John  Fitch  near  the  southern  line  of  Ashby.  and 
carried  him  with  his  wife  and  children  to  Canada,  where  they 
were  held  prisoners  for  several  months.  The  inhabitants  of 
New  Ipswich  with  a  single  exception  fled  to  a  blockhouse  at 
Townsend,  where  they  remained  several  weeks,  until  they 
learned  that  the  Indians  had  passed  the  Connecticut  River 
on  their  way  to  Canada.  The  one  resident  who  refused  to 
abandon  his  home  was  Capt.  Moses  Tucker,  who  had  won 
his  title  in  previous  contest  with  the  Indians  and  disdained 
a  retreat.  The  meeting-house  which,  in  accordance  with  the 
conditions  of  the  grant,  had  been  built  on  the  north  side  of 
the  "country  road,"  midway  between  that  road  and  the  sum- 
mit of  the  hill  just  east  from  the  present  Academy,  was  burned 
during  their  absence. 

It  cannot  be  denied  that  the  prospect  of  a  long  continu- 
ance for  that  little  group  of  families,  dAvelling  in  a  few  cleared 
openings  in  the  wilderness  scattered  over  an  area  perhaps 
two  by  three  miles  in  extent,  was  by  no  means  hopeful.  The 
details  of  the  condition  are  practically  unknown.     Probably 


John  Tufton  Alason 

no  official  records  were  made  within  the  settlement — the 
methods  of  life  were  too  primitive  to  require  them ;  the  greater 
part  of  the  Proprietors  were  still  resident  in  Ipswich,  Mass., 
where  Thomas  Norton,  a  graduate  from  Harvard  College,  was 
their  clerk  and  treasurer,  and  undoubtedly  kept  a  record  of 
the  Proprietors'  meetings ;  but  very  few  facts  concerning  their 
activities  are  now  known.  Some  light  is  thrown  upon  the 
early  activities  of  the  settlement  by  a  later  petition  signed 
by  twenty-eight  of  the  sixty-one  grantees  or  their  successors, 
who  in  1767  asked  of  the  General  Court  compensation  for 
their  losses  caused  by  the  failure  of  the  title  which  they  had 
received  from  the  Court,  and  relying  upon  which  they  had 
"built  a  Meeting  House,  a  saw  mill,  Bridges,  &c,  besides  Ex- 
pending a  great  deal  on  their  Several  Rights." 

However,  ere  long  the  fathers  of  the  town,  who  with  their 
wives  and  children  could  not  have  far  exceeded  one  hundred 
in  number,  found  a  way  by  which  they  might  "out  of  the 
nettle  danger  pluck  the  flower  safety,"  but  the  presentation 
of  that  process  demands  the  recall  of  John  Tufton  Mason, 
before  mentioned,  who  in  1746  was  thirty-three  years  of  age 
and  was  a  captain  stationed  at  Louisburg.  Apparently  the 
founding  of  towns  and  similar  activities  were  not  his  chosen 
avocation,  and  he  desired  that  he  might,  for  a  due  considera- 
tion, transfer  his  title  to  the  government  of  the  Province,  a 
change  which  he  believed  would  be  "Expedient  to  the  Well- 
fare  of  the  Inhabitants."  But  failing  to  effect  such  transfer, 
apparently,  in  part  at  least,  by  reason  of  an  Entail  in  John 
Mason's  will,  he  proceeded,  according  to  a  letter  believed  to 
have  been  written  by  George  Jaffrey,  afterward  clerk  of  the 
purchasers,  to  John  Tomlinson,  to  dispose  of  it  as  stated  in 
that  letter  below : 

In  June  1746  Cap*  Mason  at  his  own  Expence  had  a  Common 
Recovery  pass'd  at  y^  court  of  Common  Pleas  to  dock  y*  Entail  of  his 
Ancestor's  Will,  and  being  determin'd  to  make  Sale  of  his  Right  in 
New  Hampshire  which  descended  to  him  by  that  will  he  generously 
offered  to  Sell  it  to  People  of  New  Hampshire  before  any  others,  from 
a  just  Apprehension  of  y*  pernicious  Consequence  the  Selling  it  to  our 
friendly  Neighbors  would  be  to  all  y"  Inhabitants  within  a  short  time 
after  y*  Process  of  y"  Common  Recovery  was  Compleated  Cap*  Mason 
offered  to  make  Sale  of  his  Said  Right  to  Gentlemen  whom  he  know 
were  Friends  to  the  Prosperity  of  this  Province  or  nearly  related  to 
Such  &  none  refused  to  purchase  of  him,  and  of  those  Persons  I 
believe  every  man  in  a  political  or  private  Capacity  Sollicited  the  mem- 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

hers  of  y*  Assembly  to  Comply  with  your  Agreement  with  Mason. 
Cap*  Mason  being  then  under  Order  to  repair  to  his  Post  at  Louis- 
bourg  in  a  few  days,  hasten'd  y"'  Coming  to  a  Conclusion  of  the  Sale  in 
his  Right,  and  a  meeting  was  proposed  at  his  Request  to  agree  with  him 
upon  the  affait,  &  when  met  it  was  proposed  to  defer  y*"  matter,  to 
See  if  y*  Assembly  who  were  then  Sitting  would  not  comply  with  y^ 
Agreement  but  Cap*  Mason  considered  y"  length  of  time  Since  it  first 
lay  before  them  and  more  than  a  month  since  y^  Common  Recovery 
pass'd  to  dock  y*  entail,  and  y^  disdainfull  usage  his  personal  Applica- 
tions met  with  from  y^  Assembly  that  he  was  then  Resolved  to  have 
no  further  communication  with  them  upon  y*  affair  so  nothing  further 
could  be  offered  upon  that  head — there  were  twelve  of  ye  purchasers 
present  and  it  was  proposed  that  you  should  have  a  part  equal  to  any 
of  y*  purchasers  and  Cap*  Mason  reserved  and  equal  part  for  you  and 
an  equal  part  Designed  for  Jn"  Rindge  and  the  Sum  in  Consideration 
of  y*  Sale  was  by  halfe  as  much  more  than  you  agreed  with  Mason  for 
y*"  Government,  then  the  Form  of  a  Deed  was  y*  Subject  of  Considera- 
tion Coir  Atkinson  was  to  have  ^,^5  conveyed  to  him  one  for  himselfe 
&  two  of  w*^*"  intended  to  be  reconvey  to  Mason  one  of  w*^"  he  designed 
for  you  another  for  himselfe  M  H.  W — th  -15  his  own  and  for  Jn° 
Rindge  then  a  minor — the  other  ten  part  to  y*"  Persons  named. 

The  plan  sketched  in  that  letter  was  carried  into  effect 
upon  July  30,  1746,  the  consideration  named  being-  £1500,  for 
which  sum  John  Tufton  Mason  conveyed  the  broad  expanse 
of  country  with  western  boundary  still  somewhat  uncertain, 
but  including-  many  settlements  from  whose  inhabitants  the 
establishment  of  the  northern  line  of  Massachusetts  had  taken 
all  legal  title  to  the  farms  upon  which  they  had  labored,  to 
new  owners  afterward  known  as  the  "Masonian  Proprietors." 
The  twelve  purchasers  named  in  the  deed  were  "Theodore 
Atkinson,  Richard  Wibird,  John  Moffatt,  Mark  Hunking 
Wentworth.  Samuel  Moore,  Jotham  Adiorne  jun""  &  Joshua 
Peirce  Esqrs.  Nathaniel  Meserve.  George  Jaffrey  jun""  &  John 
Wentworth  jim'"  Gentlemen  all  of  Portsmouth  aforesaid  & 
Thomas  Wallingford  of  Summerworth  in  said  Province  Esq"" 
Sz  Thomas  Packer  of  Greenland  in  y**  Province  aforesaid 
Esq"","  but  in  fulfilment  of  the  arrangement  with  Messrs.  At- 
kinson and  Wentworth  at  the  time  of  the  purchase.  John 
Tufton  Mason,  John  Tomlinson,  and  John  Rindge  were  soon 
added  to  the  numbers,  and  before  action  was  taken  in  resj^ect 
to  New  Ipswich  the  list  was  further  lengthened  by  the  names 
of  Samuel  Solley,  Clement  March.  Matthew  T^ivermore,  Wil- 
liam Parker,  and  Joseph  Blanchard,  the  last  three  being  given 
membership  in  return  for  legal  assistance  and  advice.  Daniel 
Peirce  and   Mary   Moore   succeeded  to  the   place  of  Samuel 


The  Masonian  Proprietors 

Moore,  and  since  Solley  and  March  together  had  but  one  right, 
and  the  same  ownership  appears  between  Tomlinson  and  Ma- 
son, the  power  holding  the  fate  of  the  town  contained  only 
eighteen  units,  although  bearing  twenty-one  names  on  its  roll. 
It  may  reasonably  be  inferred  that  the  renewed  assertion 
of  the  Masonian  claim,  and  the  sale  of  the  land  to  an  able 
and  influential  body  of  proprietors,  who  could  not  be  expected 
to  release  to  the  former  owners  the  land  they  had  thus  legally 
acquired,  caused  the  Ipswich  proprietors  to  think  that  their 
own  entire  loss  was  unavoidable  unless  the  vigorous  denials 
made  in  some  quarters  of  the  legality  of  certain  steps  in  the 
claim  and  procedure  should  produce  in  some  way  a  more 
favorable  outlook,  and  so  they  remained  quiet  awaiting  re- 
sults until  the  methods  of  the  Masonian  Proprietors  awakened 
a  new  hope.  The  first  act  of  the  new  owners  was  to  release 
by  a  quitclaim  all  title  which  they  might  have  to  sixteen  towns 
in  the  eastern  part  of  New  Hampshire  included  in  the  Mason- 
ian claim,  even  though  Massachusetts  had  won  the  disputed 
region  westward  from  the  Merrimac,  and  they  then  also 
adopted  a  liberal  and  conciliatory  policy  to  any  Massachusetts 
grants  whose  inhabitants  acknowledged  their  changed  condi- 
tion and  desired  to  retain  the  lands  and  improvements  in- 
dividually held  by  them.  For  some  reason,  which  perhaps  the 
lost  records  would  make  evident.  New  Ipswich  seems  to  have 
been  inactive  in  the  matter,  the  first  movement  being  revealed 
by  the  record  of  a  meeting  which  escaped  the  general  fate 
of  other  records. 

At  a  Legal  Meeting  of  the  Prop''  of  New-Ipswich  at  the  Dwelling 
House  of  Joseph  Newhall  in  Ipswich  on  Tuesday  the  14th  of  February 
A  D  1748— 

Cor  Thomas  Berry  Moderator — 

Voted  That  CoP  Daniel  Appleton  Col"  John  Choate  &  Col°  Thomas 
Berry  be  a  Committee  fully  Authoriz'd  &  Impower'd  in  the  Name  & 
Behalf  of  the  Proprietors  to  Treat  with  the  late  Grantees  of  Mason's 
Grant  so  call'd,  or  with  Col"  Joseph  Blanchard  or  both  as  they  shall 
see  meet  respecting  their  Supposed  Title  to  s^  New  Ipswich  and  to  make 
a  full  &  final  Agreement  and  Settlement  of  any  Differences  or  Disputes 
that  are  between  y*  s*  Grantees  of  s*  Mason  &  y*  s''  New  Ipswich 
Prop"  relating  to  y"  Title  &  Settlement  thereof ;  and  what  they,  or 
either  two  of  them  do  on  the  premisses  to  be  Binding  to  the  Proprietors. 
.\nd  if  they  Apprehend  it  not  best  to  Agree,  then  to  Report  to  the 
Prop"   (as  soon  as  may  be)  what  may  be  best  further  to  be  done. 

Tho.   Norton  Pro  Cler. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

Joseph  Blanchard,  named  in  the  vote  at  Ipswich,  had  acted 
as  agent  of  the  Masonian  Proprietors  in  the  settlements  with 
various  neighboring  towns,  and  the  case  of  New  Ipswich  was 
put  into  his  hands.  The  following  letter  written  by  him  to 
that  body  is  instructive. 


Coll"  Choat  &  Coir  Appleton  a  Com'^^  On  Behalf  of  New  Ipswich 
has  bin  With  me  Treating  Ab'  your  title  to  that  township  And  are 
disposed  to  Accom'odate  Matters  if  they  Can  the  lines  of  the  town  may 
be  Continued,  nea  the  Same,  &  you  will  See  by  their  plan  120  Lotts 
are  Lay'd  out  &  Drawn  they  Request  to  hold  them  lotts  as  Lay'd  out 
and  their  Town  Lines  to  Stand,  of.  Which  the  northeast  Corner ;  I  must 
take  off,  I  Expect  it  will  Intersect  and  Cut  off  ab*  8  Lotts,  it  Should 
Shut  Home  to  the  province  line  &  in  Liew  of  What  I  take  off  on  y" 
East  made  up  as  per  a  plan  I  Send  you  the  Seasonable  &  Effectuall 
forwarding  the  Settlem'  they  Are  Willing  to.  But  they  are  not  Willing 
to  Comply  with  the  quantity  to  be  Reserved  therefore  I  have  for  that 
Article  in  Special  Referred  to  your  detemination.  And  to  have  them 
Easyly  dealt  with  &  their  being  Accom'odated,  in  the  best  way  will 
be  very  pleasing  to  y'  Hum'  Ser* 

J.   Blanchard. 
Dunstable  March  3^  —  1748 

As  may  be  seen,  the  foregoing  meeting  was  just  before 
the  Indian  fright  which  so  nearly  depopulated  New  Ipswich 
for  some  weeks,  and  probably  delayed  negotiations  for  a  longer 
period;  but  they  were  certainly  resumed  and  on  June  16,  1749, 
the  Masonian  Proprietors  authorized  Joseph  Blanchard  to 
lay  out  several  towns,  among  which  were  No.  1,  (Mason,) 
No.  2,  (Wilton,)  and  also  "the  lands  lying  between  Peter- 
borough on  y^  north  the  said  new  Towns  on  y^  East  and 
so  far  South  as  to  leave  a  Town  on  Square  lines  joining  y^ 
Province  line  of  Six  miles  Square  in  and  adjoyning  to  New 
Ipswich  and  to  Extend  westerly  even  with  y**  west  line  of 
Peterborough."  But  this  description  in  some  way  was  greatly 
modified,  and  nearly  a  year  later  Joseph  Blanchard,  present- 
ing that  vote  as  his  authority,  issued  the  Masonian  Charter 
making  the  town  only  about  five-sixths  as  large  as  the  "six 
miles  square"  specified  therein.  Neither  was  its  form  a  square, 
as  the  descriptive  term  "on  square  lines  joining  the  Province 
line"  would  certainly  indicate.  Nor  was  its  change  from  that 
form  made  in  order  to  conform  to  the  oblique  angles  of  the 
Massachusetts  survey  and  thus  retain  unmutilated  the  first 
lots,  as  desired  by  the  inhabitants  who  had  improved  them. 


Colonel  Blanchard's  Changes 

But  the  "old  Townsend  line"  inclining  northeasterly  was  re- 
placed in  the  eastern  town  boundary  by  a  line  inclining  north- 
westerly to  about  the  same  degree,  and  crossing  the  former 
line  two  miles  or  more  from  the  Province  line,  which  cut  from 
the  northeastern  part  of  the  town  eight  entire  lots  and  a  part 
of  eight  others,  together  amounting  to  more  than  800  acres 
and  including  the  present  site  of  the  village  of  Greenville,  and 
added  at  the  southeastern  corner  a  triangular  area  of  some- 
what smaller  dimensions. 

Apparently  the  change  was  made  to  the  advantage  of 
Mason,  Wilton,  and  "Peterborough  Slip,"  (now  Temple  and 
Sharon.)  authorized  by  the  same  vote  as  New  Ipswich,  and 
it  is  also  probable  that  the  southern  line  of  Peterborough  was 
found  to  be  nearer  the  Province  line  than  had  been  anticipated, 
thus  leaving  scanty  room  for  "Peterborough  Slip"  between 
Peterborough  and  New  Ipswich,  if  the  latter  town  should  be 
allowed  its  original  dimensions  of  six  miles  from  north  to 
south.  There  can  be  no  doubt  that  it  was  supposed  that  the 
block  of  lots  comprising  the  North  Division  and  the  South 
Ranges  could  be  left  unchanged,  except  those  now  forming 
a  part  of  the  town  of  Greenville,  and  that  there  remained  an 
undivided  strip  one  mile  in  width  between  the  original  lots 
and  the  Province  line.  The  square  town  authorized  by  the 
Masonian  Proprietors  would  have  included  a  like  strip  one 
mile  in  width  along  the  northern  side  of  the  town  but  north 
of  the  retained  block  of  lots.  This  strip  Blanchard  made  a 
part  of  "Peterborough  Slip."  The  former  historian  of  New 
Ipswich  writes  as  follows  concerning  the  unexplained  change  : 

When  we  consider  his  non-compliance  with  these  conditions,  and  the 
injurious  change  made  in  this  township,  both  by  curtailment  of  its  ter- 
ritory and  change  of  its  location,  we  cannot  but  surmise  some  fraud 
or  injustice  on  the  part  of  Col.  Blanchard,  as  well  as  a  strange  disregard 
to  their  rights  and  interests  on  the  part  of  the  grantees.  We  do  not 
learn,  however,  of  any  misgivings  at  that  time.  On  the  contrary,  both 
the  contracting  parties  seem  to  have  been  satisfied ;  as  is  evinced  on  the 
part  of  the  Masonian  Proprietors  by  their  giving  Col.  Blanchard  a 
right  in  the  township  with  themselves ;  and  on  the  part  of  the  grantees 
by  the  liberal  compensation  they  voted  for  his  service. 

It  perhaps,  however,  may  justly  be  considered  that  the 
grant  of  a  township  right  made  by  the  Masonian  Proprietors 
to  Col.  Blanchard  was  really  made  at  the  expense  of  the 
grantees,  as  it  added  the  land  held  by  this  eighteenth  right  to 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

the  number  otherwise  to  be  reserved  by  the  grantors,  and 
the  g-rantees  were  in  no  position  to  refuse  compliance  with 
whatever  terms  the  representative  of  the  Proprietors  saw  fit 
to  ofifer.  One  of  the  honored  sons  of  New  Ipswich  whose 
views  receive  weight  from  his  official  position,  the  younger 
Judge  Timothy  Farrar,  left  in  an  interleaved  copy  of  the  for- 
mer history  a  review  of  those  early  transactions,  from  which 
the  following  estimate  is  copied:  — 

Such  was  the  state  of  things  when  the  town  came  within  the  juris- 
diction of  New  Hampshire,  and  the  land  within  the  claim  of  the  owners 
of  the  Masonian  patent.  Their  true  policy  and  their  practice  was  to 
quiet  all  possessions  and  all  active  claimants,  so  as  to  raise  no  interested 
body  of  opponents  to  their  absolute  title,  and  enable  them  to  appropriate 
quietly  all  the  ungranted  lands.  They  obviously  intended  to  pursue  the 
same  course  here.  But  their  agent,  Col.  Blanchard,  was  a  land  surveyor 
and  speculator,  and  he  found  the  simple-hearted  young  men,  who  had 
taken  up  and  improved  their  lands,  were  only  anxious  to  retain  their 
possessions,  and  the  non-resident  Massachusetts  Proprietors,  having 
neither  residence  nor  possession,  were  passive  in  their  position.  He 
therefore  undertook  to  make  a  speculation  for  himself  and  his  principals 
by  regranting  the  township  contrary  to  his  instructions.  In  doing  this 
he  satisfied  such  of  the  Massachusetts  Proprietors  as  either  by  them- 
selves or  their  proxies  came  forward,  made  grants  to  such  new  friends 
as  he  wished,  reserved  eighteen  full  rights  to  himself  and  his  employers, 
and  changed  the  location  and  curtailed  the  limits  to  suit  their  interests. 

A  letter  of  Col.  Blanchard  to  the  Masonian  Proprietors 
and  their  reply  are  given  below,  as  casting  some  light  upon 
the  spirit  prompting  their  action.  Apparently  the  original 
plan  was  to  reserve  for  the  Grantors  one-half  of  each  town- 
ship, to  be  held  without  payment  of  taxes  of  any  kind,  await- 
ing the  so-termed  "unearned  increment"  of  the  present  day 
which  would  arise  from  the  labor  of  the  grantee  owners  of 
the  remaining  half,  and  only  the  refusal  of  the  grantees  forced 
their  acceptance  of  from  sixteen  to  twenty  shares  out  of  an 
entire  number  in  each  town  of  from  sixty  to  eighty.  Evi- 
dently there  was  a  line  beyond  which  the  proposed  "alarm" 
was  not  efifectual. 

The  venerable  Society  of  Mason  Hall — 

Gentlemen — 

In  pursuance  of  your  desire  I  have  proceeded  to  measure  the  Lands 
directed  to  make  Setlement  on,  and  find  enough  for  five  townships : 
have  not  time  to  transmitt  you  a  plan  but  shall  Send  it  next  week  T 
have  Wrote  to  the  Prop"  Clerk  of  Groton  and  the  Prop"  Clerk  of 
townshend,    Intimating  y*   Authority   you   gave   me.    Particularly   that   at 


Colonel  Blanchard's  Changes 

my  Discretion  I  was  to  Admitt  Inhabitants,  and  if  they  inclined  to 
Setle  I  should  Accommodate  them  as  far  as  I  Could  in  faithfuUness  to 
my  trust  provided  I  had  their  Answer  in  twenty  days  to  the  Same 
purpose  I  have  Wrote  Coll°  Berry  one  of  y"  Principal  Prop",  of  New 
Ipswich  &  to  Severall  of  the  Prop"  of  Rowley  Canada  desireing  them 
to  Communicate  it  to  their  prop"  Desireing  a  positive  Answer — This 
has  Sufficiently  Allarm'd  the  vicinity,  And  Application  has  already  been 
made  for  twice  the  Quantity  of  Land  you  left  with  me  to  Dispose  of 
All  the  Inhabitants  of  New  Ipswich  And  Rowley  Canada  (both  of  which 
fall  within  my  Diocess)  have  Applyed  to  be  Continued  As  Setlers  under 
Your  Conditions  And  many  others  of  y*"  Prop"  of  each  town,  I  ap- 
prehend I  Shall  Quietly  Succeed,  unless  Coll  Berry  be  Poutey  &  Sullen 
on  Behalf  of  New  Ipswich,  Which  Since  I  have  entered  upon  it  Desire 
under  your  directions  my  Liberty  may  be  Continued  to  Setle  with  him, 
or  Any  Others  that  Shall  be  Obstinate:  I  can  readily  Compound  that 
the  Eighteen  Shares  proposed  As  Owners  to  Draw  one  third  of  Each 
town  Clere,  have  proposed  to  Equalize  the  towns  Quantity  for  Quality, 
And  the  Setlers  to  Draw  lotts  which  towns  to  fall  into,  a  Sufficient 
Sum  of  money  Advanced  on  entrance  to  pay  the  Charge  of  Survey 
Roads  a  Meetinghouse  and  for  preaching  the  first  Six  months  to  begin 
the  Setlement  next  June  at  furthest  if  peace  In  Six  months  from  Draw- 
ing their  Lotts  to  have  Housen  built  and  Inhabit  there,  and  so  to  make 
a  progressive  Improvement  for  four  years  Stating  a  Certain  Quantity 
for  each  year  &  for  them  by  Indenture  to  your  Lordships  on  failure 
at  any  time  of  any  part  to  Surrender  the  Whole  under  a  Sufficient 
Penalty :  by  the  Same  Indenture  to  pay  by  the  Setlers  all  town  Charges, 
untill  Your  lotts  are  Improved  and  so  fait  them  to  become  Chargable 
According  to  the  Incombe;  In  Case  a  Lawsute  Should  Arise  from  Other 
Claimers  you  to  be  at  that  Charge,  (which  I  had  not  your  Speciall 
Authority  for)  excepting  that  your  Quitclaim  to  be  their  title  with 
Severall  Other  Contingent  Articles  of  Duty  on  their  part  which  all 
who  have  Applyed  readily  Concur  with  —  if  this  be  not  Acceptable  or 
anything  further  Occurrs  to  your  minds  for  my  Direction  you  may  Write 
by  Cap'  Goflfe  &  may  be  Assured  of  my  faithful  Complyance  I  have 
Likewise  proposed  An  Injunction  that  they  Joyn  with  the  non  Setlers 
in  Applying  to  the  Gov""  &  Council  for  an  Incorporation  And  as  soon 
As  I  have  Answer  from  the  Massachusetts  Claimers  Shall  fill  up  the 
lists  of  y*  Severell  Towns — 

The  Writings  I  am  not  Capable  of  forming,  shall  depend  on  them 
being  done  at  Portsmouth. — The  Prop"  of  Souheegun  West,  Since  I 
was  at  Portsmouth  have  Divided  their  Com'ons  &  I  hear  bid  Defiance 
to  your  Title,  if  no  Notice  be  taken  of  them  I  apprehend  it  will  have 
An  ill  effect  p'haps  create  you  a  Squable  with  many  other  towns,  and 
your  Setting  up  your  Bristles  early  might  put  an  end  to  it.  (but  as 
to  y*  you  know  best  what  to  do.)  I  have  Nothing  to  add  but  Wish 
you  Success  in  the  Aflfairs  before  you  And  rest  Y""  Hum'  Ser*  at 
Com'and  Joseph   Blanchard 

Dunstable  Nov'  30"  1748. 

To  the  Hon'  Theodore  Atkinson  Esq'  moderator  &c  please  to 
Com'unicate  the  aforewritten  Y''  ut  Supra  J  B 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

Portsm"  Dec'  3^  1748 

S'  We  have  both  your  letters  before  us  as  to  that  of  y"  30'"  of  the 
last  month  for  which  we  are  obliged  we  greatly  approve  of  your  Scheme 
&  y^  Progress  you  have  made  and  hereby  give  you  full  Power  of  agreeing 
with  any  Person  of  note  that  can  be  Serviceable  in  Secureing  y''  Peace 
&  Quiet  of  the  Settlers  either  in  new  Ipswich  of  other  Town  as  to 
Souhegan  West  if  they  should  be  troublesome  they  can  expect  no  favour 
from  this  Society  and  we  shall  soon  prosecute  Some  of  the  foremost  in 
the  Opposition  which  if  you  think  proper  please  to  inform  them  of 
and  let  us  know  the  men  as  to  our  bearing  the  Charge  of  a  lawsuit 
in  contesting  mason's  Right  we  set  out  upon  that  footing  at  first  & 
in  Case  any  Suit  is  Commenced  we  expect  to  pay  that  cost,  we  are  now 
finishing  the  Grant  of  the  Town  above  souhegan  &  think  that  a  vote 
of  the  Proprietors  at  a  Regular  meeting  better  than  any  other  Con- 
veyance you  will  see  our's  to  Cap*  Goffe  &  Associates  with  the  particular 
Reservations  &  Articles — this  is  the  Method  prescribed  by  y*"  Gentlemen 
of  y"  law  and  is  the  most  Customary  &  familiar  way  for  such  Proprieties 
to  Act  in  —  I  am  in  behalfe  &  at  y"  Request  of  y"  Society  y'  purchased 
mason's  Right  y'  very  Hum"'  Serv* 

Theodore  Atkinson. 

P.  S.  with  respect  to  y"  affairs  of  Cohas  between  Goffe  &  Dunkin  & 
y"  Proprietors  it  is  referred  entirely  to  your  adjustment  &  Settlement 
as  you  think  is  just  the  Society  desire  to  see  you  as  Soon  as  possibly 
you  can  leave  your  private  afifairs  and  bring  all  y""  Plans  you  can  procure 
that  will  give  any  insight  to  their  Concerns — Gofife  has  offered  but  one 
third  but  we  think  one  halfe  for  y^  Proprietors     y""'  ut  Supra 

T  Atkinson 

To  Joseph  Blanchard  Esqur  at  Dunstable 

Copy  Examined  &  Geo :    Jaffrey  jur  Prop"  CI 

It  may  be  believed  that  the  process  of  adjustment  and 
agreement  progressed  rather  slowly  between  the  Masonian 
Proprietors  and  the  would-be  Proprietors  of  New  Ipswich; 
but  a  little  more  than  two  years  later  each  party  seems  to 
have  concluded  that  the  probability  of  further  concessions  by 
the  other  would  not  justify  further  delay  and  the  second  birth 
of  New  Ipswich  took  form  in 


Province  of  ^  Pursuant  to  the  Power  &  Authority  Granted  &  Vested 
New  Hampshire^  in  me  by  the  Proprietors  of  Lands  purchased  of  John 
Tufton  Mason  Esp'  in  the  Province  of  New  Hamp- 
shire aforesaid  by  their  Vote  the  16*"  of  June  1749,  passed  at  their 
Meeting  held  at  Portsmouth  in  said  Province — 

I  Do  by  these  Presents  give  &  grant  unto  Reuben  Kidder,  Archible 
White,  Jonas  Woolson,  Abijah  Foster,  John  Brown,  Benj"  Hoar  jun"' 
Timothy  Heald,  Joseph  Kidder,  Joseph  Bullard,  Ebenezer  Bullard,  Joseph 
Stevens,  Henry  Pudney,  John  Chandler  all  of  a  place  called  New  Ipswich, 
Hannah  Dinsmore,  Peter  Powers,  Daniel  Emerson,  David  Nevens,  all  of 


The  Masonian  Charter 

Holies,  Zaccheus  Lovewell,  Joseph  French,  both  of  Dunstable,  &  all  in 
the  Province  of  New  Hampshire,  Jon"  Hubbard,  John  Stevens  Esq"'  of 
Townshend,  Isaac  Appleton,  Thomas  Adams,  Robert  Choat,  William 
Brown,  Nathaniel  Smith,  Col°  John  Choat,  Francis  Choat,  Thomas 
Dennis  all  of  Ipswich,  Andrew  Spaulding  of  Westford,  Isaac  Patch  of 
Groton,  William  Peters  of  Medfield,  John  Marsh  of  Mendon,  &  Benj" 
Hoar  of  Littletown.  To  them,  their  Heirs  &  Assigns,  on  the  Terms 
Conditions,  Reservations  &  Limitations,  &  in  the  Respective  Proportions, 
hereafter  expressed,  all  the  Right,  Title,  Interest  &  Property  of  the 
Grantors  aforesaid,  of,  in  &  to  that  Tract  of  Land,  or  Township  lying 
in  the  Province  of  New  Hampshire  aforesaid  Extending  Six  Miles  in 
length,  &  five  Miles  in  Breadth  bounded  as  followeth,  beginning  at  the 
line  between  the  Province  of  New  Hampshire  aforesaid  and  the  Province 
of  the  Massachusetts  Bay  at  the  Southwest  Corner  of  the  Township 
call'd  No.  1,  from  thence  North  Eighty  Degrees  West  Six  Miles  to  the 
South  East  Corner  of  the  Township  called  South  Manadnock  or  Manad- 
nock  Number  one,  from  thence  North  by  the  Needle  five  Miles  to  the 
North  East  Corner  of  said  South  Manadnock,  from  thence  South  Eighty 
Deg'  East  by  the  Line  of  Peterborough  Slip,  Six  Miles  to  the  North 
West  Corner  of  No  one,  &  from  thence  South  five  Miles  to  the  Bounds 
first  Mentioned.  To  have  and  to  hold  to  them,  their  Heirs  &  Assigns 
Excepting  as  aforesaid,  &  on  the  following  Terms  &  Conditions  with 
the  Reservations  aforesaid,  the  Lots  already  laid  out,  &  the  several  Pro- 
portions of  Common  Land,  yet  to  be  divided  out  to  each  one  as  followeth, 
[The  assignment  of  lots  to  the  individual  grantees  here  follows  in 
the  charter,  but  will  be  given  later  in  a  tabular  form  more  convenient 
for  reference.]  That  is  to  say  that  Eighteen  full  &  Equal  Shares  in  said 
Town  in  the  following  Manner  viz'  Thirty  Six  Lots  of  Eighty  Acres 
each  already  Laid  out  &  Eighteen  Shares  in  the  after  Divisions  to  be 
drawn  for  in  some  Equitable  Manner,  that  is  to  say  two  Lots  of  Seventy 
Acres  each  for  each  Share  to  be  reserved  for  the  Use  of  the  Grantors, 
their  Heirs  &  Assigns  forever,  &  the  Like  Number  of  Lots  &  Quantity 
of  Land  for  each  Share  of  each  Grantee  holding  in  the  after  Division, 
&  the  Remainder  besides  what  is  before  Granted  to  be  to  the  Use  of 
the  Grantees  —  that  the  Division  of  the  two  Seventy  acres  Lots  for  each 
Share  be  laid  out,  &  Equitably  Coupled  together  &  drawn  for  in  some 
open  Equitable  Manner  at  or  before  the  last  day  of  August  1751,  and 
that  the  aforesaid  Eighteen  Shares  reserved  as  aforesaid  for  the  Grantors 
be  Exonerated,  acquitted  &  fully  Exempt  from  paying  any  Charge  towards 
making  a  Settlement,  &  not  held  to  the  Conditions  of  the  other  Shares 
respecting  a  Settlement  nor  liable  to  any  Tax  or  Assessment  or  Charge, 
until  improved  by  the  owners  or  some  one  holding  under  them  Respec- 
tively, that  the  Grantees  at  their  own  Expence  make  Settlement,  be  ai 
the  Charge  of  dividing  the  whole  of  the  Lands,  Clearing  &  making 
feacible  Roads  &  that  all  the  Lots  in  said  Town  be  Subject  to  have  all 
necessary  Roads  lay'd  through  them  as  there  shall  be  Occasion  free  from 
Charge,  that  the  Grantees  according  to  the  Number  of  their  Shares  or 
Lots  herein  after  named  make  Settlement  in  the  following  Manner  viz* 
that  within  two  Years  from  this  Date  on  each  Settling  Lot  or  Share 
there  be  three  Acres  of  Land  Cleared  &  fitted  for  Mowing  or  Ploughing 
&  have  a  Comfortable  Dwelling  House,  the  Room  to  be  at  least  Sixteen 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

feet  Square,  &  a  Family  or  some  Person  dwelling  in  each  House,  & 
that  within  five  Years  from  this  Date  there  be  nine  Acres  more  cleared 
inclosed  &  fitted  for  Mowing  or  Tillage  on  some  Lot  to  each  Settling 
Right  as  aforesaid,  that  the  Grantees  to  make  Settlement,  &  the  Number 
of  each  be  as  foUoweth  viz*  Reuben  Kidder  to  make  Settlement  on 
three  Shares  or  Rights,  Archible  White,  Jonas  Woolson,  Abijah  Foster, 
John  Brown,  on  one  Share  each,  Benjamin  Hoar  Jun''  on  two  Shares, 
Timothy  on  one  Share,  Joseph  Kidder  on  one  Share,  Joseph  Bullard  one, 
Ebenezer  Bullard  one,  Joseph  Stevens  one,  Henry  Putney  one,  John 
Chandler  one,  Hannah  Dinsmore  two,  Peter  Powers  one,  David  Nevens 
one,  Jonathan  Hubbard  one,  John  Stevens  one,  Isaac  Appleton  Six, 
Thomas  Adams  five,  Robert  Choat  one,  William  Brown  one,  Nathaniel 
Smith  two,  Francis  Choat  one,  Thomas  Dennis  one,  Andrew  Spaulding 
one,  Isaac  Patch  one,  William  Peters  one,  John  Marsh  one,  &  Benjamin 
Hoar  two  in  manner  as  aforesaid.  —  That  each  of  the  Grantees  at  the 
Executing  of  this  Instrument,  pay  fourteen  Pounds  Cash  old  tenor,  to 
pay  the  Charges  risen  and  Ariseing  in  said  Township,  to  be  Deposited 
in  the  hands  of  some  Person  chosen  by  them  for  that  Purpose — 

That  a  Convenient  Meeting  House  be  Built  in  said  Township,  within 
Seven  Years  from  this  Date  as  near  the  Center  of  said  Town,  and  at 
such  place  as  the  Major  part  of  the  Interest  of  Grantors  and  Grantees 
shall  Determine  by  a  Major  Vote  in  publick  Proprietors  Meeting  called 
for  that  Purpose,  Giving  forty  days  Notice  of  such  Meeting,  and  ten 
Acres  of  Land  reserved  there  for  publick  Use — That  the  aforesaid 
Grantees  or  their  Assigns  assess  such  further  Sum  or  Sums  of  Money 
in  equal  Proportion  to  each  Grantees  Interest,  Exclusive  of  the  publick 
Lots  as  shall  be  Necessary  for  Compleating  any  of  the  publick  Articles 
aforesaid,  &  for  such  further  Payment  of  any  Sum  or  Sums  that  shall 
by  the  said  Grantees  or  their  Assigns  be  raised  for  hireing  Preaching, 
or  settling  &  Support  of  the  Minister  there  and  on  Failure  of  Payment 
for  the  Space  of  three  Months  for  the  Space  of  three  Months  after  such 
Tax  is  agreed  upon  &  Posted  up  at  such  Place  or  Places  as  the  Proprie- 
tors, the  Grantees  aforesaid,  or  their  Assigns  shall  appoint  for  calling 
Proprietors  Meetings,  that  so  much  of  such  Delinquents  Right  be  Dis- 
posed of  as  will  pay  such  Tax  or  Assessment  &  all  Charges  arising 

That  all  White  Pine  Trees  fit  for  his  Majesties  Use  for  Masting 
his  Royal  Navy  Growing  on  said  Land  be  and  hereby  are  Granted  to 
his  Majesty  his  Heirs  &  Successors  for  ever,  and  in  Case  any  of  the 
s"  Grantees  or  their  Assigns,  shall  neglect  or  refuse  to  perform  any  of 
the  Articles,  Matters  and  Things  aforementioned  by  him  respectively 
to  be  done  he  shall  forfeit  his  Share  &  whole  Right  in  said  Township 
&  every  part  thereof  to  those  of  the  said  Grantees  or  their  immediate 
Assigns  that  shall  have  Complyed  with  the  Conditions  on  their  parts 
herein  Exprest.  and  it  shall  and  may  be  lawful!  for  them  or  any  Person 
or  Persons  in  their  Stead,  &  by  their  Authority,  to  enter  into  &  upon 
the  Right  or  part  of  such  Delinquent  Owner,  &  any  and  every  part  thereof, 
in  the  name  of  the  whole  of  the  Settlers  that  shall  fulfill  as  aforesaid, 
and  him  utterly  to  amove,  Oust  &  Expel  for  their  Use,  their  Heirs  & 
Assigns  Provided  they  Settle  or  cause  to  be  Settled  each  such  Delinq*" 
Right  or  Share,  within  the  Space  of  One  Year  at  the  furthest  from  the 


The  Masonian  Charter 

Period  of  such  Condition,  Articles,  Matters  &  things  that  is  by  this 
Instrument  Stipulated  to  be  done  as  the  Condition  of  this  Grant,  & 
fully  discharge  &  Comply  with  all  the  Duty  &  Expence  such  Delinquents 
ought  to  have  done,  &  every  part  of  Duty  enjoyn'd,  such  Right  to  be 
finished  at  the  Several  Periods  thereof,  &  in  Case  the  said  Grantees 
or  their  Assigns  that  shall  fuUfill  their  parts  as  aforesaid,  &  shall  omit 
&  neglect  for  the  Space  of  one  Year  as  aforesaid,  improveing.  Building, 
&  Settling  and  fullfilling  every  part  as  herein  is  Conditioned  to  be  done 
that  all  such  Share  &  Right  as  are  thus  delinquent  in  said  Township,  & 
every  part  &  Parcel  of  such  Delinquents  shall  be  forfeited,  revert  & 
belong  to  the  Grantors  of  the  Premises  their  Heirs  &  Assigns  with  full 
Authority  to  enter  into  and  upon  all  such  Delinquents  Rights  &  the 
Posseesor  thereof  utterly  amove,  oust  &  expel  for  the  use  of  such 
Grantors,  Provided  there  be  no  Indian  Wars  within  any  of  the  Terms 
&  Limitation  of  time  aforesaid  for  doing  the  Duty  Condition'd  in  this 
Grant,  and  in  Case  that  should  happen  the  same  time  to  be  allowed  for 
the  Respective  Matters  aforesaid  after  such  Impediment  shall  be  removed 
^Lastly  the  said  Grantors  do  hereby  promise  and  engage  to  the  said 
Grantees  their  Heirs  &  Assigns,  to  defend  thro'  the  Law  to  King  & 
Council,  if  need  be  One  Action  that  shall  &  may  be  brought  against 
them  or  any  Number  of  them,  by  any  Person  or  Persons  whatsoever 
Claiming  the  said  Land  or  any  part  thereof  by  any  other  Title  than 
that  of  the  said  Grantors,  or  that  by  which  they  hold  &  derive  their's 
from  Provided  the  said  Grantors  are  avouched  in,  to  defend  the  same, 
and  that  in  case  on  final  Tryal  the  same  shall  be  recovered  against  the 
Grantors,  that  such  Person  or  Persons  shall  recover  nothing  over  against 
the  Grantors  for  the  Lands,  Improvments  or  Expence  in  bringing  for- 
ward the  Settlements,  and  further  that  the  said  Grantors  will  pay  the 
Necessary  Expence  of  time  &  Money  that  any  other  Person  or  Persons 
shall  be  put  to  by  any  other  Suit  or  Suits  that  shall  be  brought  against 
them  or  any  of  them  the  said  Grantees  for  tryal  of  the  Title  before 
any  one  Suit  shall  be  fully  Determined  in  the  Law  — 

To  all  which  Premises  Joseph  Blanchard  Esq'  Agent,  for  &  in 
Behalf  of  the  Grantors  hath  hereunto  set  his  Hand  &  Seal  this  seventeenth 
day  of  April  1750— 

Joseph  Blanchard — [L  S] 

It  is  evident  that  the  Masonian  Charter  definitely  located 
the  boundaries  of  the  township,  but  later  survey  showed  a 
considerable  difference  between  their  location  and  that  which 
was  expected  at  the  time  of  their  adoption.  As  has  been 
told  upon  a  previous  page,  it  was  supposed  that  the  Massa- 
chusetts survey  had  placed  the  block  of  lots  assigned  in  charter 
midway  between  the  northern  and  southern  lines  of  the  town- 
ship, and  thus  had  left  an  undivided  strip  one  mile  in  width 
between  those  lots  and  the  southern  boundary,  and  a  like 
strip  on  the  northern  side,  which  latter  strip  Col.  Blanchard 
had  made  a  part  of  Peterborough  Slip,  leaving,  as  was  sup- 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

posed,  the  northern  line  of  the  northern  tier  of  lots  coinci- 
dent with  the  northern  boundary  of  the  township.  Had  that 
been  the  case,  the  township  would  have  been  represented  on 
the  diagram  by  the  rhomboid  LMNO,  but  unfortunately  the 
assumption  was  not  in  accordance  with  facts.  The  block  of 
lots  had  been  laid  a  considerable  distance  farther  toward  the 
north  than  was  intended,  perhaps  as  much  as  fifty  rods,  al- 
though the  inaccuracy  of  the  survey  in  the  early  wilderness 
and  the  conflicting  statements  in  different  records  make  the 
estimate  of  the  displacement  subject  to  considerable  uncer- 
tainty. There  can  be  no  doubt,  however,  that  it  was  sufifi- 
cient  to  make  the  northern  slip  less  than  a  mile  in  width  and 
to  cause  the  northeastern  corner  of  the  Masonian  grant  to 
fall  forty-eight  rods  farther  south  than  the  northern  line  of 
lot  24,  in  which  said  corner  fell. 

The  problem  of  equitable  boundaries  was  somewhat 
further  complicated  by  the  triangular  slip  cut  from  the  south- 
eastern corner  of  New  Ipswich  by  the  establishment  of  the 
Province  line.  The  width  of  that  strip  is  uncertain,  but  prob- 
ably at  the  eastern  extremity,  where  it  was  widest,  it  was 
not  more  than  twenty  rods,  perhaps  even  less.  But  whatever 
that  loss  may  have  been  it  should  have  resulted  in  an  equal 
removal  toward  the  north  of  the  northern  boundary  made  by 
the  Masonian  Charter  parallel  to  the  Province  line,  and  the 
strip  of  land  cut  from  the  northern  ends  of  the  lots  should 
have  narrowed  toward  its  eastern  end.  Instead  of  that,  for 
some  inexplicable  reason,  exactly  the  opposite  is  true ;  each 
lot,  proceeding  toward  the  west,  had  one  acre  less  cut  away 
by  the  northern  line  than  was  lost  by  its  eastern  neighbor. 
The  entire  unwarranted  removal  from  the  twelve  northern 
lots,  remaining  after  the  loss  caused  by  the  new  eastern  line, 
was  about  220  acres.  In  view  of  those  losses,  whether  due 
to  haste  and  difficulties  of  accurate  survey  through  the  wilder- 
ness or  to  dishonest  acts  of  interested  parties,  it  may  be  well 
to  recognize  that  in  accordance  with  the  frequent  practice  of 
early  surveyors  to  be  "sure  to  give  full  measure,"  the  town, 
both  in  length  and  in  breadth,  very  appreciably  exceeds  its 
charter  dimensions  of  five  by  six  miles,  its  area  being  between 
thirty-two  and  thirty-three  square  miles.  Its  Masonian  figure, 
retained  until  the  present  time,  is  presented  upon  the  diagram 
showing  its  successive  changes  of  form  by  the  figure  LPNO. 


The  Incorporation 

There  remain  to  be  mentioned,  in  this  record  of  official 
transformations,  only  two  further  changes.  The  first  of  these 
is  an  evolution  though  an  Act  of  Incorporation  bearing  the 
date  September  9,  1762,  and  signed  by  Governor  Benning 
Wentworth,  a  brother  of  John  and  Mark  Hunking  Wentworth 
before  active  as  Alasonian  Proprietors,  and  countersigned  by 
Theodore  Atkinson,  Provincial  Secretary,  also  of  the  Alason- 
ian board  and  long  its  presiding  officer.  This  document 
changed  the  mere  proprietary  organization  with  no  officers 
except  a  temporary  moderator  chosen  for  each  meeting,  a 
clerk,  a  treasurer,  and  such  committees  as  any  business  asso- 
ciation might  appoint,  into  a  complete  town  with  all  the  politi- 
cal and  governmental  abilities  of  such  a  New  England  unit. 

The  new  town,  however,  had  no  promise  of  an  existence  to 
be  continued  beyond  January  1,  1766,  and  for  some  reason, 
perhaps  a  mere  error  of  the  penman,  it  bore  only  the  name 

A  second  similar  act,  dated  March  6,  1766,  but  for  some 
unknown  reason  neither  recorded  nor  transmitted  to  the  town 
until  the  following  year,  restored  the  complete  name  borne 
by  the  early  settlement ;  and  no  period  having  been  assigned 
to  its  life,  the  New  Ipswich  of  to-day  derives  thence  its  legal 




''npHE  Masonian  Charter  gave  to  the  new  Proprietors  of  the 
-*-  "place  called  New  Ipswich"  a  right  to  the  land  upon 
which,  if  prospered,  they  might  expect  to  found  a  New  Hamp- 
shire town,  and  the  word  "town"  appears  twice  in  that  char- 
ter. But  more  frequently,  and  more  correctly,  the  new  land 
thus  transferred  was  designated  by  the  word  "township," 
since  New  Ipswich  had  really  neither  civic  existence  nor  legal 
name,  which,  however,  it  attained  at  an  earlier  date  than  any 
of  the  surrounding  New  Hampshire  settlements  mentioned 
in  the  charter  as  "Number  One,"  (Mason,)  "South  Monad- 
nock,"  (Rindge,)  and  "Peterborough  Slip,"  (Temple  and 
Sharon)  ;  the  Province  line  separated  it  from  "Dorchester 
Canada,"  now  included  in  Ashburnham  and  Ashby. 

As  shown  in  the  charter,  only  thirteen  of  the  thirty  mem- 
bers of  the  new  body  were  resident  within  the  limits  of  the 
township,  the  homes  of  the  complemental  seventeen  being 
scattered  in  nine  different  places,  but  only  four  in  Ipswich, 
Mass.,  and  of  the  thirteen  named  as  already  resident  in  New 
Ipswich,  only  two,  Abijah  Foster  and  Henry  Pudney,  had 
come  from  that  mother-town. 

The  silence  of  the  records  in  relation  to  Henry  Pudney 
shows  that  he  was  not  a  resident  for  a  sufficient  period  to 
afifect  the  town  in  any  way ;  of  the  four  proprietors  resident 
in  Ipswich,  Robert  Choate  apparently  never  became  a  citizen 
of  the  new  place,  while  if  Thomas  Dennis  ever  really  had  a 
home  in  New  Ipswich,  his  residence  was  too  brief  to  leave 
decisive  evidence. 

The  history  of  the  period  of  proprietorship  and  the  pass- 
age of  New  Ipswich  through  youth  to  the  attainment  of  its 
majority  as  a  town  was  not  wrought  out  by  Ipswich  men 
as  largely  as  the  name  would  suggest.  Abijah  Foster  was 
the  first  settler  within  the  township  bounds.  He  built  three 
houses  as  his  three  successive  homes,  and  his  blood  has  flowed 
in  the  veins  of  many  sons  and  daughters  of  the  later  New 
Ipswich  generations.  Thomas  Adams  and  Isaac  Appleton 
however,  were  the  two  largest  land-owners  among  the  pro- 


Origin  of  the  Settlers 

prietors.  each  being  the  possessor  of  between  two  and  three 
square  miles,  and  although  probably  neither  of  them  ever 
relinquished  his  Massachusetts  citizenship  to  forward  in  per- 
son the  growth  of  the  Granite  State,  they  were  each  repre- 
sented by  two  sons  resident  for  many  years  on  the  family 
possessions,  and  the  two  names  were  prominent  in  the  town 
activities  of  several  generations. 

In  default  of  Ipswich  blood,  the  question  arises,  Whence 
in  fact  came  the  early  vigor  of  the  settlement  and  of  the  en- 
suing town?  From  what  region  came  the  men  who  gave 
New  Ipswich  a  place  among  the  most  active  and  progressive 
New  Hampshire  towns?  A  few  came  from  Ipswich  in  the 
years  soon  succeeding  the  Masonian  grant  and  a  few  more 
from  other  parts  of  Essex  County.  But  of  the  names  ap- 
pearing on  the  records  of  the  expected  town  during  its  twelve 
years  of  active  development  into  fitness  for  that  designation, 
three-fourths  came  not  from^  Essex,  but  from  Middlesex 
County,  and  especially  from  Concord,  whither  so  many  an- 
cestral lines  converge  from  all  sections,  and  from  the  line  of 
towns  between  Concord  and  Boston.  A  brief  quotation  from 
Walcott's  "Concord  in  the  Colonial  Period"  seems  to  have 
a  place  here. 

The  Kentish  infusion  was  very  strong  in  the  early  population  of 
Concord,  and,  indeed,  of  Middlesex  County. 

The  proud  distinction  of  the  Kentishmen  was  the  tenacity  with  which 
they  held  to  their  rights  and  customs,  and  the  unhesitating  courage,  re- 
gardless of  difficulties  or  consequences,  shown  in  their  defence.  They 
formed  the  foremost  rank  at  the  battle  of  Hastings,  and  made  terms 
with  the  Conqueror  at  Swanscombe. 

It  is  by  no  accident  that  the  people  of  Middlesex  County  have  been 
equally  quick  to  rise  in  the  defence  of  their  rights,  and  to  put  down  the 
oppressor ;  for  the  people  of  Middlesex  derive  their  origin,  in  a  great 
part,  from  the  freest  and  most  independent  of  English  counties.  The 
patriots  of  Concord  Bridge,  Lexington,  and  Bunker  Hill  found  their 
prototypes  at  Hastings  and  Swanscombe. 

It  is  believed  that  New  Ipswich,  during  its  twelve  years 
of  life  as  a  pure  democracy  managed  directly  by  its  Proprie- 
tors, somewhat  more  than  trebled  its  population,  and  that, 
although  the  rate  of  increase  in  later  years  was  less  rapid, 
before  the  opening  of  the  Revolutionary  contest  the  number 
of  inhabitants  was  nine  hundred  or  more,  which  is  about  the 
same  as  at  the  present  time.  Naturally  the  incoming  move- 
ment of  residents  was  largely  from  the  regions  whence  had 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

come  the  earlier  settlers,  and  the  story  of  the  town's  part  in 
the  seven  years  of  natal  strife,  presented  in  a  later  chapter, 
certainly  accords  with  the  belief  that  Kentish  blood  had  lost 
naught  of  its  power  during  its  sojourn  in  Middlesex. 

But  the  first  work  of  the  new  proprietors  was  not  warlike. 
There  were  no  indications  that  the  locality  had  ever  been 
a  favorite  abode  of  the  Indians,  and  the  settlers  made  very 
few  preparations  to  meet  an  attack.  Ephraim  Adams,  son 
of  Thomas  Adams  recently  mentioned,  had  "flankers"  about 
his  house,  still  standing  near  the  crossing  of  the  Turnpike  by 
"Saw  Mill  Brook"  on  21,  N.  D.,  and  perhaps  the  house  of 
Moses  Tucker,  on  VI:  1,  S.  R.,  or  his  later  dwelling  on  I: 
2,  S.  R.,  gave  him  similar  protection  during  his  experience 
as  sole  resident  of  the  township  in  1748.  But  no  public 
structure  was  ever  thought  needful  for  safety,  nor  did  the 
Proprietors  see  fit  to  repair  the  flankers  around  the  Adams 
house  when  for  some  reason  their  attention  seems  to  have 
been  called  to  their  weakened  condition. 

Evidently  the  first  duty  of  the  settlement,  awakened  to 
fresh  activity  by  its  renewed  title  to  its  land  and  its  enlarged 
membership,  was  to  complete  an  equitable  division  of  the 
township  among  the  Proprietors.  About  one-half  of  its  area, 
the  North  Division  and  the  South  Ranges,  had  been  divided 
under  the  Massachusetts  grant,  and  the  divisions  were  re- 
tained, although,  as  stated  in  a  previous  chapter,  the  bounds 
of  the  Masonian  grant  had  sadly  mutilated  the  North  Divi- 
sion. Apparently  a  few  additional  lots  had  been  also  assigned, 
but  about  one-half  of  the  entire  township  remained  to  be 
surveyed  and  drawn  by  the  grantors  and  grantees  not  later 
than  August,  1751 ;  this  division  was  ultimately  accomplished, 
but  it  was  by  no  means  an  easy  duty,  nor,  although  the  rec- 
ords are  nominally  complete,  are  the  methods  and  principles 
of  the  division  easy  to  follow.  The  first  meeting  of  the  new 
Proprietors  was  held  one  year  before  the  charter  w^hich  con- 
stituted them  Proprietors  was  granted,  but  it  proceeded  to 
business,  as  is  shown  by  a  copy  of  the  record. 

At  a  meeting  of  the  Proprietors  of  the  Township  of  New  Ipswich 
lying  in  the  Province  of  New  hampshire  in  New  England  Appointed  by 
Joseph  Blanchard,  Esq'.  Agent  to  the  Claimers  of  the  Patant  under 
John  Tufton  Mason,  Esq',  who  are  Grantors  of  said  Township  Heald 
at  the  House  of  Cap*.  Joseph  French  in  Dunstable  in  said  Province  on 
the  16:  of  April  A:  D:  1749:  Colonel  Joseph  Blanchard  chosen  modera- 


First  Proprietors'  Meeting 

tor  for  said  meeting.  John  Stevens  chosen  Proprietors  Clark  Colo' 
Blanchard  chosen  Treasurer,  and  it  was  Voted  as  Follows  (viz)  that 
all  the  Lotts  that  was  heare  to  fore  laid  out  in  said  township  and  are 
now  Taken  off  by  the  other  Townships  (viz)  by  the  Township  Nomber 
one  and  Nomber  Two :  shall  be  by  a  Committee  to  be  chosen  for  that 
Purpus  Laid  out  in  the  Common  land  in  said  Township  and  Quallefied 
by  said  Committee.  Said  Lotts  that  are  to  be  laid  out  are  to  be  laid 
adjoyning  to  the  other  lotts  formerly  laid  in  said  town  and  as  con- 
veniant  for  settling  as  may  be  and  that  those  persons  formerly  owning 
s"*  Lotts  Being  Grantees  to  Have  s*"  Lots  which  are  new  laid  out  in  Lue 
of  the  Lotts  Taken  off  as  a  fore  said 

Also  Voted  that  if  any  of  said  grantees  have  or  had  any  lands  in  the 
Township  or  any  part  there  of  formerly  called  Townsend  and  now  falls 
into  the  Township  of  New  Ipswich  shall  have  a  whole  wright  or  part 
there  of  laid  out  in  the  same  place  to  them  said  Commitee  Quallifying 
the  same  Eaqual  to  other  shares. 

Voted  that  the  whole  of  said  wrights  in  said  Township  to  be  but  Sixty 
three  also  Voted  that  the  said  Committee  Do  as  soon  as  may  be  with 
a  Surveyer  under  oath  Proceed  and  lay  out  to  each  of  said  Sixty  three 
Rights  Two  Seventy  acre  Lotts  and  that  thay  copple  the  same  togather 
makeing  them  as  neare  as  may  be  of  Equel  valine,  and  that  said  lotts 
Be  Prepaired  to  be  Drawn  on  the  Last  Tuesday  of  October  next  at  this 
Place  at  ten  of  the  Clock  in  the  morning.  Voted  that  the  Lotts  Taken 
off  the  Towns  afore  said  be  Laid  out  and  Compleated  fit  for  a  Draught 
by  the  Eight  of  May  next. 

Voted  and  Chose  for  a  Com'"",  to  Lay  out  the  Lotts  Taken  of  as  afore 
said  Major  Jonathan  Hubbard  and  John  Stevens  But  wheare  the  said 
Stevens  hath  lands  to  lay  out  then  Benj*.  Hoar  to  Help  lay  out  s"* 
Stevens  land. 

Also  John  Stevens  chosen  Surveyer  for  said  Service. 
Voted  that  the  Com'"",  and  Surveyer  afore  said  be  Directed  to  lay  out 
to  m^  Benj".  Hoar  a  Lott  adjoyning  Oliver  Hoars  lott  Equel  in  Valine 
to  his  former  lott  laid  out  in  or  near  the  same  place. 

Voted  to  chuse  five  men  as  a  Com'"",  to  lay  out  and  Copple  the  Seventy 
acre  lotts  afore  said  Chose  for  said  Com'"".  M''.'.  Jsaac  Appleton  Jona- 
than Hubbard  Ruben  Kidder  Benjamin  Hoar  of  Littleton  and  John 

Voted  that  said  Com'"",  shall  have  for  there  Service  in  laying  out  said 
Lotts  and  Coppleing  the  Same  while  thay  are  in  said  Township  about 
said  service  thirty  shillings  per  Day  old  tenour 

voted  to  pay  Colonol  Blanchard  for  his  Service  and  Expence  in  Pro- 
cureing  said  Township  and  granting  out  the  same  Two  Hundred  and 
Ten  pounds  old  Ten^ 

Voted  to  Rayse  on  Each  of  the  forty  Two  Settleing  Rights  in  said 
Township  fourteen  pounds  old  Ten',  to  Defray  the  Charges  of  the  Same 
Voted  to  Chuse  a  Com'"",  to  agree  for  a  mill  place  if  need  be  and  also 
to  agree  with  Sum  proper  person  to  Build  a  Cornmill  and  Sawmill  in 
said  Town  in  the  most  Conveniant  place  to  accomidate  the  Proprietors. 
Chose  for  said  Com'"".  Ruben  Kidder  Deak°  Benj'.  Hoar  m.  Isaac 
Appleton  and  John  Stevens. 

A  true  Coppey  Attest  John  Stevens  Proprietors  Cler 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

Evidently  the  Proprietors  present  at  that  initial  meeting 
had  definite  plans  in  the  charter  issued  a  year  later.  But 
in  that  charter  appear  other  acts  which  are  not  recorded 
until  June  20,  1750,  two  months  after  the  date  of  the  charter. 
At  that  later  meeting,  held  at  the  house  of  Benjamin  Hoar 
in  New  Ipswich,  Thomas  Dennis,  Francis  Choate,  Nathaniel 
Smith,  and  William  Peters  were  admitted  as  Proprietors,  but 
their  names  appeared  upon  the  list  given  in  the  earlier  char- 
ter. References  are  made  to  the  lots  held  by  the  new  mem- 
bers under  the  Massachusetts  grant  which  are  not  in  accord- 
ance with  the  old  map  showing  that  first  assignment  of  lots. 
Apparently  action  universally  held  desirable  was  not  delayed 
by  close  adherence  to  technical  order.  Apparently  the  divi- 
sion of  the  common  land  into  seventy-acre  lots,  ordered  at 
the  first  meeting,  was  modified  in  accordance  with  that  prin- 
ciple. Under  the  Massachusetts  grant  the  township  was  six 
miles  square  and  land  seemed  to  abound.  Surveyors  were 
accustomed  to  make  abundant  allowance  for  "uneven  ground 
and  swag  of  chain,"  and  in  that  survey  they  seemed  to  have 
made  an  allowance  for  the  obliquity  of  the  angles  of  the  lots 
nearly  twice  as  large  as  was  required.  Moreover,  much 
space  was  left  for  roads  between  the  lots,  and  finally  the 
Masonian  township  was  only  five-sixths  as  large  as  its  pre- 
decessor, and  the  "common  land"  was  not  sufficient  to  allow 
the  later  lots  to  contain  seventy  acres  each,  wherefore  the 
committee,  in  violation  of  their  instructions,  laid  out  lots 
containing  nominally  only  sixty-six  acres,  which  action  in 
due  time  was  formally  accepted.  Even  after  such  recognition 
of  necessity  the  difficulty  seems  to  have  persisted,  as  is  indi- 
cated by  the  official  records  and  maps  presenting  lots  upon 
one  side  of  a  straight  line  as  being  considerably  wider  than 
the  lots  extending  between  the  same  limits  upon  the  other 
side  of  the  line.  In  most  places  the  discrepancy  may  have 
been  merely  the  result  of  greater  care  in  measurement  and 
an  omission  of  such  allowances  as  had  place  in  the  earlier 
surveys,  but  in  one  section  of  the  town,  where  the  lots  were 
probably  laid  out  latest,  or  where,  as  later  records  indicate, 
the  survey  was  not  fully  completed  except  upon  the  map, 
apparently  a  more  heroic  treatment  was  believed  to  be  de- 
manded, and  the  remaining  land  was  forced  to  meet  the  de- 
mands. There  seems  to  be  no  escape  from  the  conclusion 
that  the  narrow  lots  comprising  the  western  two  miles  of  the 


Assignment  of  Lots 

"New  Laid  Out"  must  be  considerably  narrower  than  the 
recorded  dimensions.  This  belief  is  supported  by  a  vote 
passed  in  1757,  after  ineffectual  attempts  at  a  preceding  meet- 
ing, "to  Run  the  line  through  the  township  thats  not  yet  run 
on  the  New  Laid  Out  Land,"  for  which  action  a  committee 
was  chosen.  No  report  of  that  committee  is  to  be  found,  but 
more  than  ten  years  later,  in  1768,  the  matter  again  rises  and 
a  second  committee  was  chosen  "to  Examan  the  narrow  Lotts 
so  called,"  and  three  years  later  a  report  from  that  committee 
or  one  of  later  appointment  simply  stated  the  correct  num- 
bers of  the  lots  from  98  to  109,  which  were  said  to  have 
been  previously  uncertain  on  account  of  trees  falsely  marked 
at  lot  corners.  But  the  real  difficulty,  without  doubt  a  re- 
sult of  a  too  liberal  distribution  of  the  agrarian  wealth  be- 
lieved to  be  almost  limitless,  was  apparently  kept  carefully 
unacknowledged,  like  many  an  analogous  transaction  of  later 

The  complete  assignment  of  town  lots,  as  shown  in  the 
record  of  John  Stevens,  Proprietors'  clerk,  is  presented  in  the 
following  table,  with  a  few  entirely  obvious  errors  corrected, 
and  a  few  changes  also  inserted,  as  borne  upon  the  record 
of  later  action  taken  to  remedy  cases  of  injustice,  most  of 
which  were  cases  due  to  the  unexpected  difficulty  in  the 
north  line  of  the  town  before  stated  at  considerable  length. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 


Atkinson,  Theodore 
Blanchard,  Joseph 
Jaffrey,  George  . 
Livermore,  Matthew 
Meserve,  Nathaniel 
Mofifat,  John  . 
Odiorne,  Jotham 
Packer,  Thomas 
Parker,  William 
Peirce,  Joshua 
Peirce,  Daniel 
Moor,  Mary 
Rindge,  John 
Solly,  Samuel  ] 
March,  Clement  \ 
Tomlinson,  John  ] 
Mason,  John  Tufton^ 
Wallingford,  Thomas 
Wentworth,  John  . 
Wentworth,  Mark  H. 
Wibird,  Richard  .     . 


South    Ranges 

43,  61 






38,  39 

II:  4,  IV:  4 

VII:  1 
V:   1 

XIV:    2 

V:  3 

VII:   4,   XIII:   4 

VlII:   3 
XV:  3 
IX:  3 

XV:  4 

IV:  3,  VIII:  4 
VIII:    1 

Laid    Out 

24.  172 







56,  109 
28,  XIII :  2 


155,   157 

126,   128 

80,  81 
68,  95 
82,  83 
160,   161 
89,  90 

167,   169 

176,  177 

181,   182 

163,  164 

85,  86 


67,  94 

162,  165 


Assignment  of  Lots 


Adams,  Thomas 
Appleton,    Isaac 

Brown,  John  .  . 
Brown,  William  . 
Bullard,  Ebenezer 
Bullard,  Joseph  . 
Chandler,  John  . 
Choate,  John  .  . 
Choate,  Francis  . 
Choate,  Robert  . 
Dennis,  Thomas  . 
Dinsmore,  Hannah 
Emerson,  Daniel  . 
Foster,  Abijah  . 
French,  Joseph  . 
Heald,   Timothy   . 

Hoar,  Benjamin  .  . 
Hoar,   Benjamin,  Jr. 

Hubbard,  Jonathan  . 
Kidder,  Joseph  .  . 
Kidder,    Reuben    .     . 

Lovewell,  Zaccheus 

Marsh,    John    .  . 

Minister,  —  first  . 

Ministerial    .     .  . 

Nevins,  David  .  . 

Patch,    Isaac    .  . 

Peters,  William  . 

Powers,  Peter  .  . 

Pudney,    Henry  . 
School       .... 

Smith,  Nathaniel 

Spaulding,  Andrew 
Stevens,  John  .     . 

Stevens,  Joseph  . 
White,  Archibald 
Woolson,   Jonas   . 


17,    18,    21, 

22,  24, 25, 

SO,  51 

9,    41,    42, 



31,  60 

X:    2,    XIV:    4, 

XVI:  1 

III:  2,  VI:  2, 
VIII:  2,  XI: 
1,  XVI:  2 


56,  57 



26,  36,  53 








28,    34,    52 

35,  44 

South    Ranges 

VI:  4 
II:    2,    II:    3 

I:  2 
III:    1,  IV:   1 

VI:  3 
1 :  4,  X  :   1 

VII:  2,   IX:  4 

Laid    Out 

I:  3 
III:  4,  X:  3 

II:   1,  V:  2,  VI: 

IX:  2 
IX:    1 
III:    3,   XIII:    1, 
XIV:  1,  XIV: 
XI:     2,     XI:     3, 
XII:   3 

XIII:  2 

XVI:    4 

XI:  4 

V:  4 

XII:  4,  XIII:  3, 

XVI:  3 

XII:  1 

X:     4,     XII:     2, 

XV:  1 

VII:  3 

IV:  2,  XV:  2 

69,  72 


105,  108 

16,  104 





1,   12 



70,   156,  158, 

166,  168, 

178,  180 

72,   116,  117, 

119,  123, 
138,  139, 
170,  171, 
183,  184, 
y2   of  185 

120,  144 
129,   130 


113,   114 

125,  137 
112,  133 
152,  159 
146,  147 

65,  66,  142, 

69,   135,   136, 

65,     66,     74, 

149,   150 

88,  92 

148,   151 

76,  77,  96, 
131,  132, 
y2  of  185 

115,  140,143, 

1/4  of  153 

98,  99,'  101 

78,  79 


122,  124 

110,  111,134, 


91,  154 

^  of  153 
5,  127,  141 

118,  121 

History  of  New  Ipswich 

This  history  of  the  township,  as  shown  in  the  records  of 
the  meetings  of  its  Proprietors,  is  full  of  interest  to  those 
whose  personal  relations  to  the  town  give  a  vision  which 
recognizes  the  outcome  of  the  everyday  plans  and  acts  of 
their  ancestors.  They  may  not  have  been  large  men,  but 
they  were  earnest  men,  and  although  sometimes  perchance 
the  Kentish  tenacity  of  grasp  upon  that  which  they  believed 
to  be  their  own  may  have  had  an  unlovely  aspect,  yet  in  it 
lay  much  of  the  honorable  history  then  unwritten. 

Largely  isolated  and  thrown  upon  their  own  resources, 
they  felt  themselves  sufficient.  They  rarely  sought  the  aid 
of  authority  from  without  in  the  settlement  of  their  dif- 
ferences ;  the  threatened  appeal  to  courts  seems  to  have  been 
made  rarely,  if  ever,  in  that  time  of  pure  democracy. 

New  Ipswich  in  those  days  had  no  rulers ;  its  few  officers 
had  no  stipulated  terms  of  service,  but  were  removable  at 
pleasure  with  no  delay  beyond  that  of  the  few  days'  required 
notice  for  a  meeting  of  the  Proprietors.  There  were  really 
only  two  officers,  the  clerk  and  the  treasurer.  In  1751  Jonas 
Woolson,  Ebenezer  Bullard,  and  Joseph  Kidder  were  made 
a  "Committee  to  Draw  Orders  on  the  Treasurer  for  any  sum 
or  sums  of  money  that  shall  be  voted  to  any  person  or  persons 
by  the  proprietors  for  service  done  for  them,"  which  commit- 
tee was  later  mentioned  as  the  committee  to  "take  care  of 
the  prudentials  of  the  place,"  and  in  1753  Reuben  Kidder, 
Ephraim  Adams,  and  Benjamin  Hoar  succeeded  to  the  same 
duties  under  the  latter  title.  But  that  step  toward  the  crea- 
tion of  a  board  of  selectmen  was  not  permanently  approved, 
and  in  October  of  the  same  year  it  was  voted  to  "dismiss  the 
Prudential  Committee  formerly  chosen."  In  1754  Francis 
Appleton  was  chosen  a  "Referee  to  peruse  the  accounts  laid 
before  the  Proprietors,"  and  in  later  years  this  forerunner 
of  an  auditor  was  occasionally  appointed.  Evidently  orderly 
conduct  of  a  meeting  of  the  Proprietors  required  a  presiding 
officer,  and  such  meetings  were  quite  frequent.  But  sixteen 
different  moderators  presided  over  one  or  more  of  the  thirty- 
seven  different  meetings  recorded  during  the  twelve  years 
before  the  incorporation  of  the  town,  and  of  these  no  one  was 
chosen  more  than  four  times.  Such  public  duties  as  could  not 
be  completed  in  a  full  Proprietors'  meeting  were  usually 
placed  in  the  hands  of  special  committees  whose  work  was 
usually  not  considered  complete  until  formally  approved  at 
a  succeeding  meeting, 


Proprietors'  Work  Ended 

In  the  years  of  laying  foundations  necessarily  the  recorded 
action  was  largely  in  relation  to  three  matters  that  might  not 
safely  be  deferred.  The  division  of  the  town  among  the 
grantors  and  the  grantees  came  first,  and  the  adjustments 
demanded  by  the  encroachments  upon  the  lots  by  the  new 
boundaries  of  the  township  were  very  difficult  to  make  when 
the  "common  land"  of  the  Proprietors  was  exhausted.  The 
question  remained  open  till  the  incorporation  of  the  town 
and  for  ten  years  afterward,  during  which  latter  period  the 
records  of  Proprietors'  meetings,  held  only  at  intervals  of 
about  one  year,  were  nearly  occupied  by  that  topic.  Practi- 
cally, however,  all  that  is  of  interest  at  the  present  time  is 
given  in  the  preceding  table. 

The  location  and  maintenance  of  highways  formed  a  sec- 
ond matter  for  consideration  almost  equally  imperative  in  its 
demands,  which  has  been  presented  in  the  first  chapter  of 
this  book;  and  the  requirements  of  the  charter  in  relation 
to  the  building  of  a  meeting-house  and  the  settlement  of  a 
minister,  conditions  without  doubt  in  accord  with  the  per- 
sonal views  of  by  far  the  greater  part  of  the  proprietors, 
formed  a  third  subject  for  long  discussion  prior  to  efficient 
action.  This  matter  is  presented  later  in  connection  with 
other  church  matters. 

On  April  5,  1762,  it  was  ''Voted  to  apply  to  the  General 
Court  to  get  the  Place  called  New  Ipswich  incorporated," 
and  also  "Voted  Capt.  Reuben  Kidder  to  go  down  to  Court 
to  get  the  Incorporation  effected  and  that  the  said  Kidder 
shall  Proceed  in  the  affair  as  he  shall  think  best  &  that  his 
Necessary  Charge  shall  be  Paid  by  the  Propriety."  The  act 
of  incorporation,  as  given  on  a  previous  page,  was  issued  on 
the  ninth  of  September  following,  and  the  activities  of  the 
Propriety  ceased  except  as  far  as  action  was  requisite  in  re- 
lation to  the  settlement  of  claims  mentioned  above  and  the 
disposal  of  the  meeting-house. 

The  successive  Proprietors'  clerks  and  dates  of  service 
were:  John  Stevens,  1749-1752;  Benjamin  Adams,  1752-1755; 
Timothy  Heald,  1755-1761;  Ichabod  How,  1761-1768;  Isaac 
Appleton,  1768-1772. 

The  treasurers  were:  Joseph  Blanchard,  1749-1751;  Jo- 
seph Stevens,  1751-1755;  Benjamin  Hoar,  1755 — . 

The  last  Proprietors'  meeting  found  recorded  met  Decem- 
ber 17,  1772,  but  by  successive  adjournments  continued  until 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

December  30,  when  it  adjourned  for  a  fortnight,  and  no 
further  record  follows  the  name  of  Isaac  Appleton,  Proprie- 
tors' Clerk. 

Perhaps  the  stor}^  of  New  Ipswich  prior  to  its  attainment 
of  a  legal  majority  may  best  be  closed  in  the  words  of  the 
former  historian  of  the  town,  who  wrote  of  the  period: 

We  find  the  whole  number  of  tax-payers  to  be  ninety-five.  They 
were  all  in  the  prime  of  life,  the  oldest  of  them,  Capt.  Tucker,  being 
only  fifty-eight  years  of  age.  Among  them  we  find  four  widows,  show- 
ing that  the  universal  destroyer  had  already  commenced  his  work  here, 
and  ten  or  twelve  had  already  become  tenants  of  the  old  burying- 
ground;  besides  which,  tradition  says  there  were  five  buried  near  the 
head  of  Safiford  lane,  previous  to  the  opening  of  the  old  cemetery  in 
1753.  Among  these  were  a  son  and  daughter  of  Ebenezer  Bullard;  a 
son  of  Joseph  Bullard;  two  sons  and  a  daughter  of  Benjamin  Adams; 
the  wife  of  Ephraim  Adams;  a  daughter  of  Benjamin  King;  two  sons 
and  a  daughter  of  Benjamin  Hoar;  Samuel  Perham,  his  wife  and  a  son; 
Abijah  Foster,  the  first  settler,  and  one  of  his  sons  had  died  in  the  army. 




'TpO  one  whose  childhood  and  youth  was  spent  in  a  country 
-*-  town  of  New  England  few  memories  are  more  distinct 
than  those  of  "the  little  red  school-house,"  in  or  near  which 
were  received  so  many  impressions  leaving  indelible  traces  on 
his  character  that  such  educational  experience  seems  to  him 
almost  an  essential  part  of  a  complete  life.  The  district 
school,  despite  its  undeniable  serious  defects,  did  a  work  that 
could  hardly  have  been  done  equally  well  in  any  other  way, 
a  work  of  education  for  the  citizens  as  well  as  for  their  chil- 
dren sometimes  amusingly  democratic  in  the  development  of 
its  details.  It  is  proposed  here  to  present  its  growth  in  New 
Ipswich,  as  presented  in  the  official  records. 

The  former  history  prefaces  the  story  with  these  words : 
"The  cause  of  learning  has  been  well  sustained,  and  has  done 
much  for  the  reputation  of  the  town ;  not  so  much,  however, 
in  its  earlier  history,  as  could  have  been  desired.  In  the  grant 
of  the  township  it  was  provided  that  one  right  should  be  set 
apart  for  the  support  of  schools ;  and  thus,  with  enlightened 
foresight,  the  Proprietors  did  all  that  was  incumbent  upon 
them,  to  furnish  the  means  of  education  to  the  settlers.  But 
we  have  no  intimation  that  any  school  was  kept  until  after 
the  incorporation  of  the  town,  fourteen  years  after  the  actual 
settlement.  It  is  true  there  could  have  been  very  few  who 
were  not  either  too  young  or  too  old  to  attend  schools  at 
that  early  period,  and  those  few  must  have  been  widely  scat- 
tered. Doubtless  they  received  private  instruction  at  home 
from  their  parents,  who,  we  have  abundant  evidence,  were 
intelligent  and  well-educated  people.  In  1762,  the  year  of  all 
others  most  memorable  in  the  history  of  the  town,  it  was 
'voted  that  a  school  be  kept  in  town  three  months  this  year, 
and  no  more,  as  near  the  meeting-house  as  a  house  can  be 
provided.'  " 

This  action  was  taken  at  the  second  meeting  of  the  town, 
held  only  about  a  month  after  the  first  meeting  at  which  the 
only  business  was  the  organization  by  election  of  officers  un- 
der the  charter  of  incorporation.     The  article  in  the  warrant 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

for  the  second  meeting  under  which  the  action  concerning 
the  school  was  taken  read  as  follows :  "To  see  if  the  Town 
will  vote  the  Number  of  months  the  school  shall  be  Kept  in 
said  Town  and  what  part  or  parts  of  said  Town  it  shall  be 
Kept  in,"  which  would  seem  to  suggest  that  the  school  was 
already  established  in  some  form. 

The  records  give  nothing  further  for  two  years,  but  Octo- 
ber 8,  1764,  it  was  "Voted  to  hire  three  months  Schooling 
this  fall  and  Winter  Coming."  The  next  year  an  advance 
was  made,  and  it  was  "Voted  to  have  four  months  Schooling 
this  fall  and  Winter  coming  at  several  places  at  the  Discres- 
sion  of  the  Select  men  viz  four  and  if  any  persons  Refuse  to 
provide  a  place  for  Schooling  after  Sutable  Notice  from  the 
Select  men  that  quarter  shall  be  Destitute  &  the  other  parts 
shall  have  the  Benefit  that  do  provide  a  sutable  place." 

The  year  1766  was  the  period  of  governmental  interregnum 
between  the  expiration  of  the  first  town  charter  and  the  re- 
ception of  the  second,  during  which  no  records  were  written, 
and  it  is  uncertain  whether  the  school  was  continued,  and  in 
1767  the  vote  provides  school  for  only  three  months,  the  divi- 
sion however  evidently  being  maintained,  as  the  selectmen 
were  to  "order  where  the  school  shall  be  kept."  In  1768  ac- 
tion was  taken  earlier  and  the  idea  of  a  permanent  division 
into  school  districts  seems  to  be  in  evidence,  as  on  March  14 
it  was  "Voted  to  Divide  the  Town  into  Destricts  for  the 
benefit  of  Schooling  &  Each  Destrict  to  have  their  proportion 
according  to  there  pay.  Voted  to  Choose  a  Committee  to  Di- 
vide the  Destricts  &  proportion  ye  money  Choosen  for  said 
Committee  Lieu^  Aaron  Kidder.  Lieu^  Nath.  Stone  Lieu^ 
Joseph  Bates  Cap^  Moses  Tucker  m'".  Samuel  Whittemore 
m"".  James  Chandler  &  Reuben  Kidder  Esq"".  Voted  to  Raise 
twenty  Pounds  Lawful  money  for  the  Benafit  of  Schooling 
this  year." 

A  new  element  appears  in  1769  when  it  was  "Voted  to 
Raise  Twenty  Pounds  Lawful  Money  for  Schooling",  but  it 
was  added  "Voted  to  Indemnifie  the  Select  men  from  all 
lines  that  they  may  be  Exposed  to  by  their  not  providing  a 
Grammer  School  Master."  This  somewhat  peculiar  action 
was  an  attempt  to  avoid  compliance  with  a  law  requiring 
towns  above  a  certain  population  to  maintain  a  grammar 
school  where  Latin  might  be  taught,  an  additional  expense 
naturally  objectionable  to  a  large  part  of  the  citizens.     The 


The  Grammar  School 

same  action  was  taken  in  1770  and  1771,  but  in  this  latter  year 
a  formal  protest  was  entered  for  record  by  Ebenezer  Champ- 
ney,  Benjamin  Hoar,  John  Dutton,  Isaac  Appleton,  William 
Shattuck,  and  Thomas  Farnsworth,  and  on  the  following  year 
seventeen  men  signed  a  dissent  against  similar  action  as  being 
"Repugnant  to  the  Law  of  the  Land  in  such  case  made  and 
provided."  Probably  it  was  on  account  of  this  protest  that  at 
a  meeting  a  few  months  later  it  was  "Voted  that  the  Grammer 
School  shall  move  to  the  Several  Distrects  beginning  at  the 
middle  Distrect  &  so  on,  to  the  next  highest  Distrect  accord- 
ing to  their  pay  and  in  the  same  manner  the  several  Distrects 
in  said  Town,  the  East  Distrect  being  the  least  is  to  have  a 
months  schooling  and  the  other  Distrects  as  much  longer  as 
their  pay  is  more."  This  arrangement  after  a  few  years  seems 
to  have  been  changed  by  an  appropriation  of  £20  for  a  gram- 
mar master  in  the  middle  district,  where  grammar  scholars 
from  all  parts  of  the  town  might  go,  an  arrangement  which 
seems  to  have  soon  been  made  unnecessary  by  the  founding 
of  the  Academy.  The  vote  for  this  grammar  school  was  re- 
freshingly frank,  as  the  record  says :  "Voted  to  pay  the  mid- 
dle district  £20  towards  keeping  a  grammar  school  through 
the  year  so  as  to  keep  the  town  from  being  presented  and  the 
town  have  liberty  to  send  to  said  school." 

Although  a  committee  was  chosen  to  divide  the  town  into 
districts  in  1768,  no  record  of  their  action  appears,  and  the 
first  assignment  of  money  was  recorded  in  January,  1770, 
and  apparently  that  was  stated  to  be  in  obedience  to  a  vote 
passed  only  a  week  previously  in  accordance  with  which  the 
selectmen  divided  the  school  money  voted  the  preceding 
March.    This  action  of  the  town  was  as  follows : 

Voted  to  Divide  the  Town  into  Distrects  for  the  Benefit  of  Schooling 
our  Children. 

Voted  to  abide  in  Distrects  during  the  Towns  pleasure. 

Voted  that  the  West  part  of  the  Town  be  a  Distrect  for  a  School 
according  to  their  Request  (viz)  to  have  their  proportion  of  the  money 
Raised  in  Town  for  that  use  according  to  their  pay  with  appropriating 
the  money  wholly  to  the  use  of  a  School. 

Voted  that  the  Northeast  part  of  the  Town  be  a  Distrect  for  a 
School  Beginning  at  Dea°.  Ephraim  Adams's  to  m'.  Smith's  m"".  Francis 
Appleton  and  to  m'.  Bakers  to  the  Northeast  part  of  the  Town  under 
the  same  Scituation  with  the  first  Distrect. 

Voted  that  the  East  Side  of  the  River  be  a  Distrect  for  a  School 
(Exclusive  of  Cap'.  Hoar)  to  the  East  side  of  said  Town  under  the 
same    Scituation    with    the    first    Distrect    leaving    it    to    the    Selectmen 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

wheather  m''.  Horsley's  pasture  be  annext  to  them  or  Joyn  to  the  South 

Voted  that  a  Distrect  be  formed  on  the  Country  Road  from  Cap*. 
Hoar's  on  to  m'.  Farnsworth  with  familys  adjoyning  said  Road  under 
the  same  Scituation  with  the  first  Distrect. 

Voted  that  the  South  East  part  of  the  Town  be  a  Distrect  from 
Mr.  Wilkins  to  Sam'.  Foster's  to  m"".  Breed's  and  all  to  y*  East  under 
the  same  Regulations  with  the  first. 

Voted  that  the  South  West  part  of  the  Town  be  a  Distrect  for  a 
School  taking  m.  Zechariah  Adams  Tho.  Spaulding  &  Joseph  Parker 
and  so  to  the  South  west  corner  of  the  Town,  and  to  the  East  to  the 
Famelys  above  mentioned  Leving  it  to  the  Select  men  wheather  they 
shall  not  have  some  help  of  the  Towns  money  to  make  them  Equal  with 
other  Distrects  in  proportion  to  their  Children 

Voted  that  each  Distrect  shall  Choose  a  man  to  take  the  Names  of 
the  men  in  Each  Distrect  an  Cary  the  list  of  Names  to  the  Select  men. 

Voted  that  the  Select  men  give  of  to  the  men  so  choose  by  the 
Distrects  the  proportionable  part  of  money  to  Each  Distrect  That  is 
Voted  by  the  Town   for  the  use  of  the  School. 

The  second  of  the  votes  given  above  concerning  the  new 
departure  seems  to  indicate  a  feeling  of  uncertainty  in  rela- 
tion to  its  wisdom  and  consequent  permanence,  although  it 
was  expected  to  continue  without  further  action  as  long  as 
it  should  prove  satisfactory.  But  no  provision  for  the  needed 
buildings  was  made  at  that  time,  and  an  article  in  the  warrant 
for  the  annual  meeting  two  months  later,  "To  see  if  the  Town 
Raise  money  to  build  School  Houses  in  the  Several  Districts 
in  said  Town  according  to  their  particular  pay,"  was  dis- 
missed without  action.  But  at  the  next  annual  meeting  the 
schools  received  especial  attention,  as  shown  by  the  number 
of  votes  relating  to  different  included  matters. 

Voted  to  Raise  forty  Pounds  lawful  Money  to  be  laid  out  in 

Voted  to  Employ  an  English   School  Master  nine  months  this  year. 

Voted  to  Raise  money  to  Build  School-Houses  in  the  Several  Dis- 
trects in  this  Town. 

Voted  not  to  alter  the  Distrects. 

Voted  to  Raise  Twenty  Pounds  more  for  Schooling. 

Voted  to  divide  the  money  among  the  Several  Squadrons  according 
to  their  pay. 

Voted  that  Each  Squadron  draw  their  proportion  of  the  money 
Raised  to  Build  the  School-Houses  according  to  their  pay. 

And  after  these  was  passed  the  vote  which  called  out  first 
the  protest  of  Mr.  Champney  and  others. 

But  the  action  at  this  meeting  was  more  liberal  than  the 
general  desire  for  schools  would  sustain,  and  at  a  meeting 


The  First  School-houses 

the  following-  September  it  was  "Voted  that  Twenty  Pounds 
that  was  Raised  for  Schooling  be  used  for  Defraying  the 
Town  Charges." 

The  tax  lists  show  that  the  sum  raised  for  building  school- 
houses  in  accordance  with  the  vote  on  that  matter  was  £80, 
a  sum  that  it  would  seem  could  hardly  have  been  sufficient 
for  even  the  simplest  buildings,  but  no  further  action  concern- 
ing the  subject  appears  during  a  period  of  eighteen  years, 
at  the  end  of  which  time,  in  1789,  it  was  "Voted  to  raise  three 
hundred  pounds  for  the  purpose  of  Building  and  repairing 
School  Houses  in  New  Ipswich,"  but  three  months  later  the 
action  was  modified  by  a  vote  that  "the  Selectmen  shall  not 
assess  the  Town  for  the  three  hundred  pounds  voted  to  build 
and  repair  School  Houses  till  the  last  of  Sep*,  next  to  give 
those  who  are  delinquents  opportunity  to  pay  their  propor- 
tion. And  in  case  each  district  do  not  make  it  known  to 
the  Selectmen  that  s*^  delinquents  have  paid  their  proportion 
s'^  Selectmen  are  to  proceed  to  make  s'"^  assessment."  The 
exact  purport  of  this  vote  is  rather  obscure,  but  it  had  delayed 
the  assessment,  and  for  some  reason  no  subsequent  assess- 
ment of  that  money  is  to  be  found. 

At  the  annual  meeting  in  1800  it  was  "Voted  to  raise  £630 
to  build  school  houses,"  but  here  again  the  sum  is  not  in- 
cluded in  the  recorded  assessments  of  the  year.  It  seems 
probable  that  it  was  determined  to  leave  the  decision  in  re- 
spect to  building  to  the  districts  separately,  as  it  had  already 
been  voted  that  the  expenditure  of  the  assessed  money  should 
be  left.  The  records  of  the  "Southwest  District"  show  that 
this  district  had  just  completed  a  new  school-house. 

The  districts  formed  in  1770  with  so  much  hesitation  and 
uncertainty,  with  no  expressed  sanction  of  law,  and  with 
exceedingly  indefinite  powers,  were  a  necessity  of  the  condi- 
tions of  the  time,  and  a  part  of  the  great  movement  in  all 
parts  of  the  state  by  which  the  district  school  system  came 
into  existence,  to  be  recognized  by  the  state  and  given  defined 
duties  and  methods  of  performing  them  only  after  a  consider- 
able period  of  years. 

The  six  first  districts,  from  which  eight  others  were  in 
due  time  developed,  were  destined  to  more  than  a  century 
of  vigorous  life ;  and  if  it  prove  true  that  present  conditions, 
which  have  made  a  diminution  of  their  number  necessary, 
also  demand  a  complete  reversion  to  the  earlier  methods,  it  is 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

evident  that  the  greatest  care  is  needed  to  retain  for  the 
scholars  in  the  larger  and  far  better  equipped  schools  the 
sturdy  self-reliant  tone  which  has  been  characteristic  of  the 
New  Hampshire  country  boys. 

The  boundaries  of  the  six  original  districts  were  not  very 
closely  defined  in  the  creative  vote,  and  it  seems  probable  that 
at  first  each  citizen  was  allowed  to  choose  with  which  dis- 
trict he  would  connect  himself,  and  in  many  cases  when  ad- 
joining districts  had  their  schools  at  somewhat  differing  times, 
the  children  not  too  far  from  the  dividing  line  attended  in 
both  districts.  In  fact,  this  arrangement  was  sometimes  made 
in  order  to  allow  such  mutual  helpfulness,  with  a  resultant 
increase  of  the  scholars  attending  each  school  such  that  a 
well-known  New  Ipswich  teacher  of  eighty  years  or  more 
ago,  who  bore  the  names  of  two  early  settlers  in  the  town 
from  whom  he  was  descended,  Reuben  Kidder  Gould,  said 
that  he  had  taught  in  every  district  of  his  time,  and  he  had 
hardly  ever  had  less  than  forty  scholars  in  any  school,  the 
number  often  rising  to  fifty  or  sixty. 

An  examination  of  scattered  records  giving  the  names  of 
certain  residents  of  some  school  district  leads  to  a  somewhat 
more  definite  location  of  the  district  bounds  than  can  be  de- 
termined by  the  initial  record  alone. 

Apparently  the  "West  District"  did  not  greatly  vary  from 
the  district  which  in  the  days  of  the  greatest  number  of  dis- 
tricts was  termed  the  "North  District,"  or  officially  was  No. 
7,  except  by  including  the  later  No.  8,  which  was  not  yet 
sufficiently  settled  to  receive  separate  consideration.  The 
"North  East  District"  seems  to  have  been  very  nearly  identi- 
cal with  the  later  "Wilson  District,"  or  No.  2.  The  East 
District  was  the  later  No.  3,  or  the  "Wheeler  Tavern  Dis- 
trict," with  the  houses  on  the  road  past  the  site  of  the 
present  Country  Club  house  afterward  included  in  District 
No.  11.  The  "Middle  District"  was  No.  1,  with  an  extension 
to  meet  the  "East  District"  a  little  east  of  the  bridge  at 
Bank  Village.  The  "South  East  District"  included  No.  4, 
(the  "Gibson  District,")  and  all  of  No.  5,  (Smithville,)  except 
the  part  on  Page  Hill.  The  "South  West  District"  included 
the  remaining  part  of  No.  5,  the  whole  of  No.  6.  (the  "Tenney 
District,")  and  the  few  families  beyond  Binney  Hill  in  the 
later  No.  9. 

The  first  addition  to  the  original  six  was  the  "North  West 
District,"   which   in   some   unexplained   manner  received    £2 


District  Divisions 

10s.  6d.  of  the  £30  raised  in  1770  for  use  in  1771,  but  then 
disappeared  for  six  years,  at  the  end  of  which  it  again  ap- 
peared and  remained  as  No.  9.  In  1782  the  Smith ville  Dis- 
trict was  formed  by  a  vote  that  "there  be  another  School 
District  near  Thomas  Spalding's."  The  residence  of  Mr. 
Spalding  was  the  first  on  the  road  running  westerly  from 
Smithville  by  the  house  long  owned  by  Timothy  Fox  and  his 
descendants.  The  district  was  known  as  the  "New  District" 
until  1795,  when  its  recorded  name  becomes  the  "Mill  Dis- 
trict." In  1786  it  was  "Voted  to  set  off  James  Preston,  Thad- 
deus  Taylor,  Peter  Baker,  and  Asa  Brown  in  a  school  dis- 
trict," and  the  "Little  South  West  District"  afterwards  be- 
coming the  "Southwest  corner  District"  was  formed,  later 
being  No.  9,  and  forming  a  Union  district  by  uniting  with 
the  adjacent  district  of  Rindge.  District  No.  10.  known  some- 
times as  the  "Carr  District"  and  sometimes  as  the  "District 
over  the  mountain,"  was  formed  in  1820  by  a  committee 
authorized  by  vote  of  the  town  to  make  needed  changes  of 
that  character.  The  erection  of  the  cotton  factory,  and  the 
subsequent  development  of  the  mills  early  in  the  nineteenth 
century,  necessarily  was  accompanied  with  a  considerable  in- 
crease of  inhabitants  in  that  portion  of  the  town  and  a  result- 
ing call  for  a  new  district.  This  reasonable  request  was 
ignored  or  refused  for  several  years,  but  in  1824  District 
No.  11  was  formed  on  recommendation  of  a  competent  com- 
mittee of  investigation,  and  this  constantly  increasing  district 
was  divided  in  1840  by  the  formation  of  District  No.  12, 
about  the  High  Bridge.  After  a  somewhat  continued  struggle 
District  No.  1  was  divided  in  1842,  District  No.  13,  containing 
the  part  of  the  district  about  the  Congregational  church  and 
along  the  street  from  the  church  to  the  foot  of  Meeting  House 
Hill,  being  cut  off  from  the  southern  portion,  and  District 
No.  14,  lying  about  Kidder  Mountain  and  the  Saw  Mill  Brook, 
from  the  northern  portion.  This  last  district,  however,  was 
situated  upon  two  roads  meeting  but  a  short  distance  from 
the  school-house  of  No.  1,  and  after  three  years  of  vain  at- 
tempt to  agree  upon  a  site  for  a  school-house,  in  1845  it  was 
returned  to  its  former  relations. 

There  is  considerable  uncertainty  in  respect  to  the  loca- 
tions of  the  early  school-houses.  The  former  history  says 
that  at  the  time  of  its  publication  there  were  no  traditions 
of  any  such  buildings  of  an  earlier  date  than  1771,  when   £80 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

were  voted  for  their  erection,  the  schools  prior  to  that  date 
having  been  kept  in  private  houses,  the  earliest  in  the  resi- 
dence of  Reuben  Kidder,  which  was  probably  the  most  com- 
modious dv>^elling  of  that  day.  Tradition  gives  the  name  of 
William  Shattuck  as  its  teacher. 

Evidently  the  normal  position  for  the  building  of  the  "Mid- 
dle District"  was  designated  in  the  first  vote  for  a  school  nine 
years  earlier,  "as  near  the  meeting-house  as  a  house  can  be 
provided,"  and  the  former  history  locates  it  a  short  distance 
to  the  northwest  of  that  early  temple,  and  says  that  it  later 
became  a  carpenter's  shop.  Probably  that  building  met  all 
the  needs  of  the  district  until  the  erection  of  the  house  which 
the  same  authority  places  "in  the  orchard  opposite  the  north- 
east corner  of  the  old  burying-ground,"  adding  that  "after 
the  road  to  the  turnpike  was  built,  it  was  removed  down  the 
hill,  and  placed  at  the  corner  of  Mr.  Hill's  garden."  This 
road  to  the  turnpike  was  built  in  1802,  and  the  new  location 
of  the  school-house  after  its  removal  soon  after  that  date 
seems  to  have  been  the  corner  diagonally  opposite  to  the 
present  Baptist  church,  and  only  a  few  rods  south  of  the  brick 
building  which  succeeded  it  in  1829,  and  was  converted  into 
a  blacksmith  shop  after  the  erection  in  1857  of  the  present 
house  upon  the  hill. 

No  records  or  traditions  disclose  with  certainty  the  posi- 
tions of  the  early  school-houses  in  Districts  Nos.  2  and  3; 
but  the  situation  of  the  present  and  past  highways  in  those 
districts  makes  the  conclusion  almost  unavoidable  that  the 
only  positions  for  the  general  convenience  of  the  district 
must  have  been  very  near  those  of  the  buildings  in  use  during 
recent  years ;  a  conclusion  also  in  harmony  with  some  inci- 
dental references  to  those  school-houses  in  early  records  re- 
lating to  the  roads. 

The  school-house  in  District  No.  4  was  preceded  by  one 
about  half  a  mile  south  of  the  "Gibson  Four  Corners"  on  the 
road  to  Ashburnham,  but  no  more  definite  information  con- 
cerning its  location  can  be  secured. 

A  school-house  which  was  probably  the  first  in  District 
No.  5,  although  it  was  possibly  preceded  by  one  at  some  point 
more  in  accordance  with  the  vote  creating  the  district  "near 
Thomas  Spaulding's,"  stood  very  near  the  millpond  on  the 
south  side  of  the  bridge,  practically  on  the  spot  now  occu- 
pied by  the  store  and  Smithville  postoffice,  and  served  the 


School-house  Locations 

district  until  1838,  when  the  present  house  was  erected  at  a 
cost  slightly  exceeding  $400,  According  to  tradition,  this 
structure,  which  for  a  time  was  considered  the  model  school- 
house  of  the  town,  had  birth  in  the  motion  of  a  citizen  of  the 
district  that  "we  build  a  white  house  with  green  blinds  and  a 
pretty  one,"  which  was  duly  adopted  by  the  district. 

The  original  school-house  in  District  No.  6  stood  a  few 
rods  west  of  the  house  long  occupied  by  different  members 
of  the  Chandler  family,  situated  about  a  quarter-mile  west  of 
the  South  burying-yard.  This  was  succeeded,  probably  in  the 
last  years  of  the  eighteenth  century,  by  a  building  half  a  mile 
farther  west  near  the  point  where  the  long-disused  road  to 
Ashburnham  over  Nutting  Hill  in  that  town  branches  from 
the  Rindge  road  which  passes  over  Binney  Hill.  The  third 
house,  built  in  1838  on  the  spot  occupied  by  the  second  at  a 
cost  slightly  less  than  $200,  became  a  dwelling  after  the  clos- 
ing of  the  school  in  that  district,  and  was  destroyed  by  fire 
a  few  years  ago. 

It  is  not  certain  where  the  first  school  was  held  in  the 
district  afterward  No.  7.  It  is  reported  to  have  been  in  the 
first  house  of  "Davis  Village"  on  the  left  hand  of  one  ap- 
proaching from  the  "Hodgkins  Four  Corners,"  now  the  resi- 
dence of  William  E.  Davis,  but  whether  a  part  of  that  building 
was  built  for  that  purpose,  or  it  was  a  case  of  continuance  of 
the  previous  conditions  when  all  the  schools  were  kept  in 
dwelling-houses,  tradition  is  silent. 

An  early  school-house  whose  foundations  are  perhaps  even 
yet  visible  was  located  on  a  road  now  discontinued,  but  for- 
merly extending  westward  from  the  termination  of  the  road 
branching  northward  from  the  turnpike  about  a  quarter-mile 
east  of  the  site  of  the  old  "Peppermint  Tavern,"  and  crossing 
Flat  Mountain  nearly  half  a  mile  north  of  the  turnpike,  and 
rejoining  that  road  a  few  rods  west  of  the  house  of  Aaron 
Brown  and  his  son  Hermon,  the  school  being  situated 
where  the  two  roads  were  so  near  together  that  the  late  Rev. 
John  S.  Brown  related  his  recollection  of  plainly  hearing  from 
his  home  the  blows  of  the  rod  applied  by  a  sturdy  school- 
ma'am  to  the  back  of  a  delinquent  lad,  whose  cries  of  pain 
and  promises  of  amendment  added  to  the  awe  of  the  little 
fellow,  as  yet  too  young  to  go  where  such  methods  of  instruc- 
tion were  still  in  full  vigor.  Probably  it  was  after  the  sepa- 
ration of  the  region  beyond  the  summit,  and  the  formation 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

of  District  No.  8,  that  the  No.  7  school-house,  now  in  existence 
but  used  as  a  henhouse,  was  built  near  the  house  long  occu- 
pied by  George  W.  Wheeler,  and  at  present  by  his  son 
George  S. 

•T*  'P  "F  "r 

(At  this  break  in  the  manuscript  Prof.  Chandler  evidently  intended 
to  insert  descriptions  of  other  school-houses,  but  as  it  is  now  difficult 
to  learn  those  facts  and  the  location  of  each  is  plainly  marked  on  the 
map  of  the  town,  and  as  most  of  the  structures  were  plain  and  unpre- 
tentious, a  description  of  each  one  is  omitted.  —  S.  F.  L.) 

In  1896  the  town  voted  "To  have  the  Selectmen  sell  No. 
6  and  7  school-houses  and  convert  the  No.  13  school-house 
into  a  storehouse  for  road  machines  and  other  tools." 

In  1899  the  town  voted  "to  give  No.  8  school-house  to  the 
inhabitants  of  Wilder  Village,  so-called,  if  they  would  move 
it,  provided  the  town  could  use  it  for  school  purposes  if  they 

A  review  of  the  appropriations  made  by  the  town  for  the 
maintenance  of  its  schools,  despite  the  proverbial  lack  of  gen- 
eral interest  in  a  presentation  of  columns  of  figures,  is  found 
to  speak  more  clearly  than  other  methods  concerning  the 
town's  fidelity  to  the  interests  of  the  successive  rising  gene- 
rations. It  exhibits  a  steady  rise  in  amount,  or  at  least  a 
rise  broken  only  by  occasional  brief  displays  of  economy, 
sometimes  evidently  demanded  by  existing  conditions,  as  in 
1775,  when  the  necessities  of  preparation  for  the  coming  strug- 
gle with  England  caused  the  town  to  take  for  such  purposes 
three-fourths  of  the  highway  appropriation  and  one-half  of 
that  previously  granted  for  schools,  or  as  during  a  portion  of 
the  Civil  War,  when  the  school  money  was  diminished  twenty 
per  cent.  Omitting  such  cases  and  an  occasional  increase 
for  one  or  two  years,  probably  equally  explainable  if  the  facts 
were  now  known,  the  appropriations  have  increased  as  fol- 
lows : 

The  £20  of  1768  and  the  £40  of  1771  before  mentioned 
were  increased  to  £50  in  1773  and  £60  in  1775,  this  last  being 
reduced  to  £30  a  few  weeks  later,  as  has  been  said.  The 
nominal  appropriations  through  the  earlier  years  of  the  Revo- 
lution greatly  increased  despite  the  demands  for  military  ex- 
penses, on  account  of  the  depreciation  of  the  lawful  currency, 
the  grant  for  schools  in   1780  being   £5000.     But  since  the 


School  Appropriations 

price  allowed  for  work  on  the  highways  in  payment  of  taxes 
was  $40  per  day,  the  aspect  of  those  figures  is  changed.  In 
1781  there  was  a  reversion  to  silver  money  and  the  school 
appropriation  was  £60.  The  schools  of  1783  had  £70,  of 
1784  £100.  of  1787  £120,  which  dropped  through  the  £110 
of  1788  to  £100  in  1789  and  the  succeeding  six  years;  it  rose 
to  £125  in  1796  and  £150  in  1797,  at  which  grade,  changing 
to  its  equivalent  $500  in  1801,  it  remained  during  eight  years. 
Although  in  1806  and  the  succeeding  two  years  it  temporarily 
rose  to  $700,  that  permanent  elevation  was  not  attained  until 
1825.  The  year  1833  gave  $800,  which  rose  through  inter- 
mediate allowances  of  $840  and  $850  to  $900  in  1841,  and  $1000 
in  1845. 

After  rising  and  falling,  in  six  years  apparently  $1500  was 
adopted  as  a  minimum  appropriation  in  1851 ;  the  grant  has 
not  fallen  below  that  sum  since  that  date  save  in  the  three 
years  of  the  Civil  War  before  mentioned.  The  prosperous 
years  of  1868  and  1869  saw  a  rise  to  $1800  and  $2000  grants, 
the  last-named  remaining  permanent  for  seventeen  years  with 
the  exception  of  two  years  at  $1900,  and  one  at  $2500.  The 
year  1886,  however,  gave  only  $1500,  1887  S1800,  1888  $2000. 
Since  that  time  the  appropriation  has  varied  about  equally 
between  $1500  and  $1800;  until  1907  again  set  the  figures  at 
$2000,  and  1908  broke  the  record  by  voting  for  $2250. 

A  comparison  of  these  later  sums  with  the  earlier  one 
raises  a  mental  query  concerning  the  way  in  which  those 
smaller  sums  met  the  supposed  needs  of  the  schools,  and  an 
examination  of  some  of  the  old  district  records  may  go  far  to 
solve  the  problem.  The  report  of  the  "Trustee"  of  the 
"South  West  District"  reported  the  expenses  of  the  year 
1798.  There  had  been  but  a  single  term  of  school,  which  was 
kept  by  a  "master"  at  three  dollars  per  week,  and  with  a 
term  nine  weeks  in  length  instruction  for  the  year  required 
$27,  besides  payment  for  the  master's  board,  which  called  for 
$9.97  more.  The  twelve  cords  of  wood  consumed  during  those 
nine  weeks  in  the  huge  fireplace  occupying  one  corner  of  the 
school-room  was  probably  cut  enough  by  the  boys  of  the 
school  to  allow  it  to  be  placed  upon  the  fire,  but  nevertheless 
$9.69  more  of  the  school  money  was  used  before  the  fuel 
reached  the  school-house.  Repairs  to  the  building  cost  $4.84 
more,  and  the  entire  expenditure  was  $51.50.  In  later  years 
there  were  nearly  always  two  terms  even  in  the  smaller  dis- 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

tricts,  but  the  summer  school  usually  called  for  only  $2  per 
week,  equally  divided  between  the  "mistress"  and  the  one 
who  at  the  school  meeting  had  "bid  off"  her  board.  As  the 
term  in  the  smaller  district  was  usually  only  seven  or  eight 
weeks  in  length,  there  would  be  nearly  or  quite  the  sum  of 
$40  remaining  for  the  winter  term,  which  with  wood  at  little 
over  one  dollar  per  cord,  and  teacher's  board  requiring  from 
seven  to  nine  shillings,  that  is  from  $1,167^  to  $1.50  per  week, 
would  pay  a  young  man,  often  only  sixteen  or  eighteen  years 
old,  or  a  more  experienced  woman  for  perhaps  ten  weeks' 

Even  as  late  as  1850  the  necessary  expenses  were  still 
so  moderate  that  the  records  of  the  Smithville  District,  which 
at  that  time  had  sixty  names  on  its  school  roll  in  the  winter 
and  three-fourths  as  many  in  the  summer,  and  employed  a 
"master"  and  "mistress"  of  long  and  successful  experience, 
show  the  possibility  of  providing  for  six  or  seven  months' 
schooling  with  the  one  hundred  and  fifty  dollars  which  was 
the  amount  usually  received  from  the  town. 

From  the  days  when  the  schools  were  entirely  under  the 
control  of  the  selectmen,  subject  only  to  the  vote  of  the  town, 
as  fully  as  were  all  other  town  interests,  to  the  conditions  of 
the  twentieth  century,  is  a  long  course  passing  in  its  progress 
through  a  period  analogous  in  some  respects  to  the  times  of 
"States'  Rights"  agitation.  The  school  districts  of  1770  could 
hardly  be  called  civic  entities  in  any  sense  whatever.  They 
were  simply  geographical  divisions  of  the  town  made  for  the 
convenience  of  the  scholars,  but  entirely  under  the  control 
of  the  central  magnates,  the  selectmen.  Although  the  vote 
of  that  year  directed  the  choice  of  a  man  by  each  district  to 
receive  the  money  assigned  for  its  use,  it  is  evident  that  for  a 
time  this  was  not  done,  and  the  money  was  placed  in  the 
hands  of  some  one  chosen  by  the  selectmen  as  their  agent 
for  expending  the  money,  or  as  a  "trustee,"  this  name  con- 
tinuing after  he  was  chosen  by  the  district,  as  is  shown  in 
the  old  district  records  made  after  the  districts  had  assumed 
civic  personality.  But  the  time  of  this  assumption  is  uncer- 
tain. The  term  "prudential  committee"  first  appears  in  the 
town  records  in  1828,  when  it  is  voted  that  they  be  chosen 
by  the  districts,  and  District  No.  1  employed  that  term  in 
the  following  October;  but  the  new  phrase,  probably  origi- 
nated  by  the    Legislature   in    making  formal   recognition   of 


District  Rights 

the  district  system,  did  not  reach  District  No.  6  until  six  years 
later.  With  the  district's  step  into  full  life  came  a  marked 
dislike  of  any  outside  supervision,  manifested  in  occasional 
attempts  to  disregard  all  town  authority.  This  "district 
rights"  feeling  was  shown  by  the  insertion  of  articles  in  the 
town  warrant  like  the  following  considered  about  1840:  "To 
see  if  the  town  will  dispense  with  any  part  of  the  work  of 
the  Superintending  School  Committee,  so  far  as  relates  to 
examination  or  inspection,"  which  suggests  entire  ignorance 
of  any  state  control  of  school  activities.  Probably  this  diffi- 
culty was  recognized  later,  for  in  1854  the  following  action 
of  the  town  was  recorded :  "Voted  to  accept  the  following 
resolution.  Whereas  the  laws  relative  to  the  Superintending 
School  Committee  are  unjust  in  their  inception,  and  arbitrary 
in  their  enactment,  inasmuch  as  they  deprive  the  people  of 
their  right  of  controlling  their  own  schools,  therefore.  Re- 
solved that  the  Representatives  of  this  Town  be  requested 
to  use  their  influence  to  procure  such  an  amendment  of  School 
laws  as  shall  restore  the  District  their  rights  which  have  been 
unjustly  taken  from  them."  The  records  give  nothing  further 
concerning  this  action  which  seems  so  inexplicable  in  these 
days  of  the  centralization  of  power;  but  some  of  the  older 
citizens  of  the  town  remember  that  only  a  few  weeks  before 
this  action  there  had  been  very  serious  trouble  in  one  of  the 
larger  districts  of  the  town,  where  a  considerable  majority 
of  its  citizens  had  become  dissatisfied  with  the  teacher  of 
their  school,  and  had  applied  for  his  dismissal  by  the  superin- 
tending committee.  In  reply  to  the  petition  an  investigation 
was  held  before  this  committee  at  which  both  the  petitioners 
and  the  teacher  were  represented  by  legal  counsel,  and  during 
two  or  three  days  witnesses  were  examined  under  oath.  After 
due  consideration  the  committee  declined  to  assent  to  the 
request,  and  the  petitioners  established  a  private  school  for 
their  children,  who  constituted  about  three-fifths  of  the  school. 
As  the  committee  at  that  time  consisted  of  the  pastors  of 
three  of  the  four  churches  of  the  town,  who  were  known  to 
have  differed  in  their  views  of  the  question,  and  as  the  divi- 
sion in  the  district  unfortunately  was  along  church  lines,  the 
dissension  ran  through  the  town  and  probably  gave  the  votes 
required  for  the  passage  of  the  resolution.  The  representa- 
tives elected  at  the  meeting  which  passed  this  resolution 
were  Hosea  Eaton  and  Jonathan  Hall,  the  latter  being  the 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

Methodist  pastor  and  a  member  of  the  school  committee 
which  had  considered  the  petition.  The  records  of  the  Legis- 
lature show  that  he  presented  a  bill  concerning  the  duties 
and  privileges  of  superintending  school  committees,  which 
was  referred  to  the  Judiciary  committee,  and  soon  after  upon 
the  recommendation  of  that  committee  indefinitely  postponed. 

The  superintending  school  committee  seems  to  have  been 
evolved  quite  slowly  from  the  earlier  condition  of  rule  by  the 
selectmen.  The  term  first  appears  in  the  town  records  at 
about  the  same  time  with  prudential  committee,  in  some  men- 
tion of  its  reports,  but  the  names  of  the  men  composing  this 
committee  do  not  seem  to  be  recorded  until  1833.  But  its 
forerunner  is  in  evidence  thirty  years  earlier,  as  in  1803  it 
was  "Voted  to  appoint  a  committee  to  inspect  the  several 
schools  in  town,"  and  they  "chose  the  Rev*^.  M"".  Farrar, 
B.  Champney  Esq.  Supply  Wilson,  Seth  Wheeler,  Josiah 
Davis,  Jun''.  Dea°.  James  Chandler,  Thaddeus  Taylor,  Lieut. 
Noah  Bartlett,  Maj"".  Benj.  Williams  and  Isaac  Appleton 
Jun"".,"  evidently  one  from  each  of  the  nine  districts  then 
existing  with  the  addition  of  the  pastor  by  virtue  of  his  office, 
although  no  mention  is  made  of  that  condition  of  selection 
for  several  years.  But  the  committee  was  appointed  every 
year,  being  varied  by  the  addition  of  sundry  members  ex 
officio,  such  as  the  preceptor  of  the  Academy,  the  Baptist 
pastor,  and  the  selectmen.  The  year  1808,  however,  seems 
to  have  had  a  faint  vision  of  a  future  improvement,  as  the 
committee  for  that  year  was  smaller  and  evidently  selected 
on  account  of  their  fitness  instead  of  for  geographic  reasons. 
The  members  were: — "The  Selectmen,  Rev"^  Stephen  Farrar, 
the  Hon.  Tim°.  Farrar  Esq.  the  Preceptor  of  the  Academy, 
Benjamin  Champney  Esq.  &  Nath'.  D.  Gould."  It  was  also 
"Voted  that  said  committee  inspect  the  several  schools  on  the 
first  &  last  week  of  keeping,  also  call  upon  the  Master  for 
his  credentials." 

This  last  vote  suggests  an  inquiry  concerning  the  nature 
of  the  "credentials"  required  in  those  days  antedating  all 
superintending  committees,  normal  schools,  or  other  official 
examiners  provided  to  stand  sponsor  for  satisfactory  scholas- 
tic ability.  A  few  aged  persons  still  recall  the  days  when  the 
certificate  of  any  liberally  educated  person,  as  the  members  of 
the  "learned  professions"  were  supposed  to  be,  was  deemed 
sufficient.     The  last  member  of  the  specially  qualified  conv 


The  School  Committee 

mittee,  elected  a  century  ago,  furnishes  an  apt  illustration. 
At  the  meeting  of  the  Academy  alumni  held  in  1861,  Nathaniel 
D.  Gould,  probably  the  oldest  of  the  large  number  present  who 
were  former  students,  was  elected  to  preside  over  the  fes- 
tivities, and  on  taking  his  seat  began  his  extemporaneous  in- 
augural by  saying,  "I  claim  to  be  one  of  the  Alumni.  Sixty- 
four  years  ago,  I  spent  two  weeks  within  the  walls  of  the 
building  first  erected  by  the  founders  of  the  Academy."  He 
did  not  at  that  time  state  publicly  what  motives  prompted 
that  brief  academic  career,  but  it  was  soon  divulged  that  at 
least  that  period  of  attendance  was  necessary  to  obtain  the 
preceptor's  certificate  of  his  fitness  to  fill  a  teacher's  desk  in 
some  neighboring  district  school-house. 

The  ponderous  committee  of  from  nine  to  twice  nine  mem- 
bers was  chosen  annually  under  names  varying  a  little  from 
year  to  year  but  with  the  same  power,  or  lack  of  power,  as 
at  first,  until  1827,  but  is  not  recorded  in  1828,  in  which  year 
two  new  terms  appear,  probably  as  a  result  of  state  action  in 
formal  recognition  and  authoritative  regulation  of  the  dis- 
trict schools  previously  evolved.  New  Ipswich  "Voted  that 
the  Prudential  Committees  be  chosen  by  the  respective  school 
Districts,"  and  at  the  same  time  the  superintending  committee 
begins  to  be  in  evidence  by  the  acceptance  of  its  annual  re- 
ports and  the  occasional  appointment  in  some  years  of  one 
citizen  from  each  district  "to  visit  schools  in  conjunction 
with  School  Committee."  The  new  office  did  not  acquire 
sufficient  importance  in  public  estimation  to  have  its  choice 
or  appointment  recorded  among  that  of  other  town  officers 
until  1838,  and  therefore  the  first  incumbents  are  now  un- 
known ;  but  there  seems  to  be  little  doubt  that  it  was  practi- 
cally composed  of  the  pastors  of  the  several  churches  of  the 
town,  when  their  number  was  sufficient  to  form  it,  since  such 
was  the  case  for  some  years  after  the  record  of  its  membership 
begins,  and  it  is  recalled  by  some  who  were  scholars  in  those 
years  that  in  common  speech  there  was  no  mention  of  visits 
from  "the  committee,"  but  that  there  were  periods  when  it 
was  expected  that  "the  ministers"  would  come  in. 

He  *****  * 

(From  1848  to  1854  the  committee  consisted  of  three  men ; 
from  1854  to  1885,  of  one  man,  usually  elected  by  ballot, 
otherwise  appointed  by  the  selectmen.     Beginning  with  1886 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

the  committee  has  been  composed  of  three  members  as  in 
earlier  years,  and  since  1890  one  of  the  board  has  been  a 
woman,  an  innovation  which  has  proved  of  benefit  to  both 
scholars  and  teachers. 

In  1835  there  were  four  hundred  children  in  our  schools. 
Now  in  1913  there  are  one  hundred  and  thirty  names  on  the 

As  the  population  decreased  the  number  of  schools  less- 
ened, and  from  the  thirteen  schools  in  1883  the  number  has 
diminished  to  four  in  1913.  Following  the  change  now  nearly 
universal,  our  schools,  ere  many  years,  will  be  thoroughly 
graded,  and  necessarily  consolidated.  Thus,  with  the  further 
advantages  of  the  training  at  our  Academy  now  open  to  every 
child  in  town,  we  may  feel  that  the  educational  outlook  for 
future  generations  is  well  up  to  the  standard  set  in  the  earliest 
years. — S.  F.  L.) 




AT  the  time  of  the  publication  of  the  former  history  of  New 
-^^  Ipswich  there  were  still  a  few  Revolutionary  soldiers 
surviving,  and  a  very  large  number  who  had  heard  the  story 
of  that  strife  from  the  lips  of  those  who  participated  in  it. 
There  still  remained  a  spirit  in  the  tale  which  must  needs 
have  weakened  and  become  faint,  as  the  events  of  those  criti- 
cal years  have  been  obscured  by  later  contests  until  they 
seem  almost  to  have  their  place  amid  the  tales  of  ancient  his- 
tory. But  on  the  other  hand  the  last  half-century  has  seen 
the  scattered  records  of  Revolutionary  events  collected  and 
published,  giving  a  story  which  may  indeed  be  somewhat 
more  prosaic  than  oft-repeated  olden  tales,  but  presents 
greater  assurance  of  certainty. 

There  are  many  problems  still  unsolved.     Not  only  were 
there   parties   of    New    Ipswich    patriots    who    devoted    their 
energies  for  a  longer  or  shorter  period  to  the  contest  for  free- 
dom, of  whose  names  no  list  is  known  to  exist  and  of  whose 
activities  while  away  from  their  homes  we  have  no  record 
save  the  uncertain  one  of  tradition,  but  it  is  often  uncertain 
to  whom  carefully  preserved  official  records  refer.    The  prac- 
tice, common  at  that  time  and  unfortunately  not  yet  by  any 
means  extinct,  of  giving  a  son  the  name  of  his  father  without 
any  change,  an  abundant  source  of  error  in  all  historical  work, 
combined  with  the  frequent  omission  of  the  affixed  "jr."  in 
the  case  of  records  made  at  a  distance  from  the  home  of  the 
father,  causes  frequent  uncertainties,  several  of  which  it  has 
not  been  found  possible  to  remove  from  the  following  reg- 
ister of  the  Revolutionary  work  of  New  Ipswich.     A  second 
fact  is  productive  of  still  greater  uncertainties.     In  the  early 
days  of  this  country  middle  names  among  the  common  people 
were  almost  unknown,  and  as  a  result  the  number  of  persons 
bearing  identical  names  was  very  large.     The  concurrence  of 
a  name  in  each  of  several  neighboring  towns  was  not  at  all 
infrequent,   and  as  the   members  of  a   company  formed   for 
military  service  were  rarely  from  a  single  town,  a  familiar 
New   Ipswich   name   upon   a   company   roll   is  by   no   means 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

conclusive  evidence  of  New  Ipswich  service  in  that  company. 
While  careful  search  has  been  made  for  determining  evidence 
in  such  cases,  it  is  most  probable  that  some  questions  have 
been  incorrectly  judged,  with  an  admission  to  the  roll  or 
exclusion  from  it  as  a  result. 

New  Hampshire  has  done  especially  valuable  work  in  this 
prolonged  and  oft  perplexing  labor  of  search,  comparison,  and 
publication ;  and  a  few  lines  from  the  pen  of  Isaac  W.  Ham- 
mond, the  editor  and  compiler  of  the  Revolutionary  Rolls 
and  other  documents  of  that  period,  and  a  man  guided  by 
a  true  antiquarian  spirit,  may  perhaps  fitly  introduce  the  rec- 
ords of  the  men  of  New  Ipswich,  beginning  with  the  firing 
at  the  North  Bridge  of  "the  shot  heard  round  the  world." 
Of  that  time  he  writes: 

Companies  were  formed  and  drilled,  and  when,  on  the  nineteenth 
day  of  April,  1775,  the  crisis  came,  the  men  of  New  Hampshire  dropped 
their  implements  of  industry,  seized  whatever  they  could  of  implements 
of  warfare,  and  by  companies,  by  tens,  by  fives,  and  by  twos  hurried 
to  the  front.  The  same  spirit  pervaded  the  women,  many  of  whom 
spent  the  nights  of  the  nineteenth  and  twentieth  in  making  clothes,  bak- 
ing bread,  and  moulding  bullets  for  their  husbands  and  sons,  bidding 
them  good-bye  at  daylight,  with  a  God-speed  upon  their  tremulous  lips; 
and  while  the  men  went  forth  to  repel  the  invading  army,  the  women 
tilled  the  soil,  spun  the  yarn,  and  wove  the  cloth  that  clothed  the  family. 
The  number  of  men  who  went  from  this  state  to  Cambridge  at  that 
time  is  unknown;  many  were  not  organized  in  companies,  some  returned 
after  being  absent  from  one  to  two  weeks,  and  many  enlisted  for  eight 
months,  forming  the  nucleus  for  the  regiments  of  Stark  and  Reed,  which 
did  admirable  service  at  Bunker  Hill. 

Very  few  rolls  of  those  earliest  companies  have  been  found. 
Probably  in  very  many  cases  no  rolls  were  ever  written,  but 
the  men  gathered  and  united  under  those  among  them  selected 
at  the  time,  because  they  were  of  those  "born  to  command." 
But  the  "Roll  of  the  men  who  marched  from  New  Ipswich 
before  daylight  on  the  morning  of  April  20,  1775,"  attested 
by  their  captain,  is  preserved  among  the  state  archives.  It 
contains  ninety-eight  names,  including  that  of  their  pastor, 
whose  time  of  service,  recorded  with  those  of  his  parishioners 
and  fellow-soldiers,  is  more  than  twice  as  long  as  that  of  any 
one  of  them,  except  those  who  before  returning  home  enlisted 
in  other  companies. 

The  list  of  names  is  given  below;  and  it  is  believed  that 
each  name  borne  upon  it  is  that  of  a  resident  in  the  town. 


The  First  Uprising 

The  spontaneous,  indignant  uprising,  the  almost  instantaneous 
departure  to  protect  or  avenge  their  brother  patriots,  waited 
not  to  seek  more  distant  organizations ;  then  was  the  time 
when  the  town  moved  as  a  unit. 



Thomas  Heald  Capt. 


Hezekiah  Corey  Ensign 


*Ezra  Town  Lieut. 

William  Start  Clerk 


Joseph    Parker 


Isaac  How  Seg't 


Saml.    Whittemore 


Tim"  Farrar 


Simeon  Hildrith 


Jno.  Wilkins 


Eben'    Brown 


Dan'    Mansfield 


Jonas    Wilson   Jr 


Peter    Fletcher 


Simeon   Gould 


Jno.   Sartell 


Jona.  Davis 


Abel  Miles 


Francis    Fletcher 


Wm  Speer 


Joseph   Pollard 


♦Elijah   Davis 


Nath'   Pratt 


David  Sanders 


Edm*   Bryant 


Joseph  Warren 


William  Hodgkins 


Moses  Tucker 


James   Chandler 


Thomas    Fletcher 


Jon.  Brookes  Serj 


Dan'    Clary 


Jno.  Cutter 


Isaac  Farwell 


Nath'  Swain 


Tim°  Farwell 


Tim"  Wheelock 


Nath'   Melvin 


Joel  Wheelock 


Jno.   Walker 


Nath'   Reed 


Wm   Kendall 


Jesse  Carlton 


Danl.    Stratton 


Jno.    Brown  Jr. 


James  Tidder 


Joseph    Wright 


*Nath'   Carlton 


*Samuel  Soper 


Allen  Breed 


Stephen  Davis 


Jona.  Wheet 


Robert  Campbell 


Whitcomb  Powers 


Thos  Brown 


Joseph    Bates 


Jonas  Wheeler 


Chas.    Barrett 


*Josiah  Walton 


Isaac  Appleton 


Leonard  Parker 


Reuben  Kidder 


Joseph  Tinney 


Jere''   Underwood 


Wm  Faris 


Benj.  Pollard 


Ephraim  Foster 


Abr"  Abbott 


Daniel  Foster 


Josiah  Rodgers 


Samuel  Foster 


Saml  Haywood 


*Timo.  Stearns 


Thos    Farnsworth 


Benja  Gibbs 


Stephen    Parker 


♦Supply  Wilson 


Nath'  Stone 


Saml.  Kinney 


Timo.    Fox 


Jno.   Melvin 


Nath'  Farr 


*David  Melvin 


Saml.  Bartlett 


Josiah   Davis 


James   Barr 


Benja  Hoar 


Amos    Boynton 



History  of  New  Ipswich 



Aaron  Chamberlain 


Elear  Cummings 


Rev.  Stephen  Farrar 


Isaac  Clark 


Elijah  Flagg 


Wm   Shattuck 


*Josiah    Brown    Sgt. 


Eph""  Adams  Jr 


*Benj.  Williams 


Robert  Harkness 


Attest  Tho'  Heald 

*Those  marked  with  an  asterisk  enlisted  in  Capt.  Archelaus  Towne's 
company  for  eight  months. 

It  may  be  seen  that  ten  of  the  names  in  this  initial  list 
are  marked  as  of  those  who  had  enlisted  in  the  company  of 
Capt.  Archelaus  Towne,  who  was  a  resident  in  Amherst.  But 
none  of  their  names  appear  on  the  roll  of  his  company,  the 
organization  of  which  did  not  commence  until  April  28,  and 
then  proceeded  somewhat  more  slowly  than  was  perhaps 
thought  proper  by  these  members  of  Capt.  Heald's  command. 
At  all  events,  on  April  23  one  of  their  number,  Ezra  Towne, 
by  request  of  the  Committee  of  Safety,  commenced  the  or- 
ganization of  a  company  and  had  thirty  names  upon  his  roll 
on  that  day,  which  number  rapidly  increased  to  sixty-five, 
and  this  roll  included  the  remaining  nine  names  starred  upon 
the  roll  of  Capt.  Heald,  Josiah  Brown  being  first  lieutenant, 
Benjamin  Williams  first  sergeant,  and  Supply  Wilson  first 
corporal.  This  was  the  fourth  company  in  Col.  James  Reed's 
regiment,  and  its  term  of  service  is  recorded  as  terminating 
on  August  1.  But  the  former  history  of  the  town  states, 
probably  on  reliable  authority,  that  "they  continued  to  form 
part  of  the  army  employed  in  the  Siege  of  Boston"  until  the 
departure  of  the  British  fleet. 

This  company  had  a  notable  part  in  the  battle  of  Bunker 
Hill,  belonging  as  it  did  to  the  regiment  of  Col.  James  Reed, 
which  was  a  part  of  the  little  force  "at  the  rail  fence  and  on 
the  bank  of  the  Mystic"  of  which  the  historian  Drake  says, 
"The  weight  of  the  first  and  second  attacks  was  borne  by 
the  defenders  of  the  rail  fence,  where  Gen.  Howe  in  person 
attacked,  with  the  very  flower  of  his  army,  supported  by  artil- 
lery." And  it  is  said  in  the  account  of  the  battle  made  by 
the  Massachusetts  Committee  on  Safety,  that  "The  retreat  of 
this  little  handful  of  brave  men  (under  Col.  Prescott)  would 
have  been  effectually  cut  ofif  had  it  not  happened  that  the 
flanking  party  of  the  enemy,  which  was  to  have  come  up  on 
the  back  of  the  redoubt,  was  checked  by  a  party  of  provin- 
cials, (Stark's,  Reed's,  and  Knowlton's  men,)  who  fought  with 


Captain  Towne's  Company 

the  utmost  bravery  and  kept  them  from   advancing  farther 
than  the  beach." 

An  examination  of  the  roll  of  Capt.  Ezra  Towne's  com- 
pany, as  given  below,  shows  thirty-five  members  enrolled  from 
New  Ipswich,  eighteen  from  Temple,  four  from  Washington, 
three  from  Peterborough,  two  from  Mason,  two  from  Nelson, 
while  one  remains  with  his  home  unmarked,  but  other  evi- 
dence shows  that  he  was  a  fourth  from  Peterborough.  Ben- 
jamin King  is  recorded  from  Mason,  but  he  had  probably 
but  just  removed  from  town  and  in  July  is  found  in  the  roll 
of  a  Massachusetts  regiment  credited  to  New  Ipswich. 

As  shown  by  the  note  at  the  close  of  the  roll  its  original 
is  to  be  found  in  the  Massachusetts  archives ;  and  it  has  been 
copied  for  insertion  here  rather  than  the  one  in  the  New 
Hampshire  archives  on  account  of  the  interesting  facts  con- 
cerning residence  not  given  on  the  New  Hampshire  roll.  The 
two  lists  of  names  difiter  sufficiently  to  show  that  neither  is 
a  copy  of  the  other,  and  yet  they  are  practically  the  same, 
the  differences,  with  the  exception  of  "Arthur  Kirkwood"  in 
one  being  "Archer  Churchwood"  in  the  other,  being  such 
errors  as  might  result  from  misunderstanding  of  a  name  un- 
familiar to  the  recording  officer.  There  is,  however,  one 
rather  more  important  difference  in  respect  to  the  date  of 
the  death  of  David  Scott,  which  according  to  the  New  Hamp- 
shire record  should  be  "kill'd  June  17,"  while  the  Massa- 
chusetts one  gives  June  16  as  the  day  of  his  death.  The  color 
of  the  ink  in  this  record  suggests  a  comparatively  recent  date 
for  that  inscription,  and  the  greater  probability  of  death  on 
the  day  of  the  battle  has  caused  a  change  to  be  made  to  the 
New  Hampshire  date  in  the  roll  here  given. 

The  loss  sustained  by  the  New  Ipswich  company  in  this 
so  sharply  contested  struggle  is  not  recorded,  and  tradition 
after  this  length  of  time  cannot  be  very  reliable.  But  it  seems 
to  have  been  much  smaller  than  would  have  been  expected 
in  such  conditions.  Apparently  there  was  no  other  death 
beside  that  above  mentioned,  and  the  names  of  but  few 
wounded  men  are  known.  Josiah  Walton  was  not  expected 
to  recover  from  a  severe  wound  in  his  shoulder  and  neck, 
but  his  recovery  proved  sufficient  to  return  him  to  his  place 
in  the  ranks  before  the  discharge  of  the  company  from  ser- 
vice. Asa  Adams  was  also  seriously  injured,  but  the  former 
history  gives  no  more  names,  and  other  sources  fail  to  make 
more  definite  the  statement  that  "several  were  wounded." 


History  of  New  Ipswich 












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History  of  New  Ipswich 

The  roll  of  Capt.  Jonathan  Whitcomb's  company,  also  in 
the  regiment  of  Col.  Reed,  bears  the  names  of  Moses  Tucker, 
Abel  Estabrooks,  and  Sergt.  Amos  Boynton,  and  the  roll  of 
Capt.  Benj.  Mann's  company  in  the  same  regiment  the  names 
of  Nathaniel  Farr,  Simeon  Hildreth,  and  John  Thomas. 

The  next  military  activity  of  New  Ipswich,  manifested  very 
soon  after  the  battle  of  Bunker  Hill,  is  recorded  in  the  former 
history  in  the  following  words :  "It  was  supposed  that  the 
British  would  march  out  to  attack  our  lines  at  Cambridge, 
and  a  company  of  about  thirty  left  town  immediately,  and 
soon  reached  the  army ;  but  after  a  short  stay,  finding  their 
services  could  be  dispensed  with,  they  returned  home."  No 
further  record  of  this  expedition  has  been  found.  Very  prob- 
ably the  company  did  not  really  enter  the  service,  and  their 
names  were  never  recorded. 

No  further  service  is  known  to  have  been  offered  from 
the  town  for  several  months ;  but  near  the  close  of  the  year 
a  very  urgent  call  was  made,  to  which  a  response  was  given 
with  no  less  promptness  and  ardor  than  had  characterized 
the  previous  action  of  the  town.  The  urgency  of  the  need  is 
presented  by  the  following  extract  from  a  letter  of  Gen.  John 
Sullivan,  in  command  at  Winter  Hill  near  Boston,  to  the  New 
Hampshire  Committee  of  Safety,  bearing  date  November  30, 
1775.  "I  have  by  command  of  General  Washington  to  inform 
you.  That  the  Connecticut  forces  (Deaf  to  the  entreaties  of 
their  own  as  well  as  all  other  officers  &  regardless  of  the  con- 
tempt with  which  their  own  Government  threatens  to  treat 
them  on  their  return)  have  absolutely  refused  to  tarry  till 
the  first  day  of  January,  but  will  quit  the  lines  on  the  6th  of 
Decemb^  They  have  deceived  us  &  their  officers  by  pretend- 
ing there  would  be  no  difficulty  with  them  till  they  have  got 
so  near  the  close  of  their  term ;  and  now  to  their  Eternal  In- 
famy demand  a  bounty  to  induce  them  to  tarry  only  the  three 
weeks.  This  is  such  an  Insult  to  every  American  that  we 
determined  to  release  them  at  the  expiration  of  their  term 
at  all  hazards  &  find  ourselves  obliged  immediately  to  supply 
their  places  with  Troops  from  New  Hampshire  &  Massachu- 
setts Bay."  The  call  upon  New  Hampshire  was  for  thirty- 
one  companies,  a  little  less  than  two  thousand  men,  to  serve 
until  the  fifteenth  of  January.  The  Committee  met  on  De- 
cember 2,  and  the  companies  were  raised  and  forwarded  with 
such  alacrity  that  only  six  days  later  Gen.  Sullivan  wrote  to 


New  Hampshire's  Leadership 

the  Committee  saying:  "General  Washington  and  all  the 
other  officers  are  extremely  pleased  &  bestow  the  highest 
encomiums  on  you  and  your  troops,  freely  acknowledging  that 
the  New  Hampshire  Forces  for  bravery  &  resolution  far  sur- 
pass the  other  Colonies  &  that  no  Province  discovers  so  much 
zeal  in  the  common  cause." 

It  is  very  unfortunate  that  no  record  is  known  to  exist 
of  the  New  Ipswich  men  who  had  a  part  in  this  act  of  relief 
to  the  army  and  of  rebuke  to  those  who  had  failed  to  accept 
their  opportunity  for  special  service.  There  is  a  roll  of  the 
commissioned  officers  of  each  one  of  the  thirty-one  companies, 
in  which  New  Ipswich  is  credited  with  one  company  of  which 
Eleazer  Cummings  was  captain,  Henry  Forgerson  first  lieu- 
tenant, and  Ezekiel  Goodale  second  lieutenant.  Blood's  his- 
tory of  Temple  gives  the  names  of  eighteen  men  of  that  town 
who  enlisted  at  that  time  for  a  period  of  six  weeks  and  the 
name  of  Ezekiel  Goodale  is  among  them.  Moreover,  at  a 
later  date  he  is  termed  "Lieut.  Goodale."  It  may  therefore 
be  concluded  that  New  Ipswich  and  Temple  united  in  the 
formation  of  this  company ;  and  as  the  former  New  Ipswich 
history  states  that  the  New  Ipswich  contribution  to  its  ranks 
numbered  twenty-six,  there  remain  twenty  men  of  the  full 
company  who  came  from  some  other  place  or  places  not  yet 

The  year  1776,  during  which  the  issues  of  the  contest 
were  so  unmistakably  defined,  witnessed  the  response  of  New 
Ipswich  men  to  six  calls  for  service  in  what  was  really,  though 
still  but  dimly,  becoming  recognized  to  be  a  national  army. 
Concerning  the  first  of  these  no  record  of  details  is  known 
to  exist,  and  tradition  has  so  faded  that  nothing  concerning 
the  part  of  New  Ipswich  can  be  added  to  the  few  lines  given 
in  the  former  town  history,  where  it  is  said :  "In  February 
of  this  year  a  call  was  made  for  men  to  reinforce  the  army 
attempting  the  conquest  of  Canada.  Seventeen  men  were 
raised,  who  proceeded,  under  Capt.  Towne,  by  the  way  of 
Lake  Champlain,  as  far  as  St.  Johns ;  but  the  failure  of 
Arnold's  attempt  on  Quebec,  and  the  retreat  from  Montreal, 
terminated  the  expedition,  and  they  returned."  The  practi- 
cal truth  of  this  tradition  is  certified  and  a  few  additional 
details  are  furnished  by  a  petition  of  Capt.  Towne  now  in 
the  New  Hampshire  archives  and  published  in  the  State  Pa- 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

pers  which  have  given  so  great  aid  in  the  preparation  of  this 
chapter.    The  petition  is  as  follows : 

To  the  General  Court  of  the  State  of  New  Hampshire 

The  Petition  of  Ezra  Town  of  New  Ipswich  in  said  State  humbly 
shows  that  he  in  January  AD  1776  commanded  a  company  in  the  service 
of  the  United  States,  and  that  his  Men  went  into  Canada  then  to  Albany 
in  the  same  year  and  on  the  first  of  December  in  the  same  year  his 
company  marched  to  Pennsylvania  and  continued  there  until  the  first 
day  of  Jan^  following  and  soon  after  his  company  was  dismissed  without 
rations  or  any  subsistence  money  to  carry  them  home. 

New  Ipswich  30*'"  Jan''  1786.  Ezra  Towne 

This  petition  receiving  no  favorable  attention,  two  years 
later  he  presented  another  containing  the  additional  facts  that 
his  company  was  in  Gen.  James  Reed's  regiment,  and  that 
they  were  discharged  at  Morristown,  N.  J.,  February  13,  1777. 

The  next  call  for  aid  was  from  the  Northern  army  on 
Lake  Champlain ;  and  during  the  spring  Capt.  Joseph  Parker 
raised  a  company  which  joined  the  army  in  July.  Eighteen 
men  of  New  Ipswich  are  said  in  the  former  history  to  have 
enlisted  in  this  company;  but  it  is  by  no  means  an  easy  task 
to  determine  which  fourth  part  of  the  ninety-three  names 
borne  upon  its  roll  were  from  the  town.  Capt.  Parker  was 
the  only  one  of  the  commissioned  officers  included  in  this 
portion  of  the  company,  as  Ensign  John  Taggart  was  from 
Peterborough,  and  the  Lieutenants,  Daniel  Rand  and  David 
Hunter,  bear  surnames  not  found  in  the  New  Ipswich  records 
of  that  date.  The  following  list,  however,  seems  to  contain 
the  New  Ipswich  section  of  the  company. 

Joseph  Parker,  Capt. 

Simeon  BuUard  Serjt.  Samuel  Parker 

Isaac  Preston,  Corp.  Whitcomb  Powers 

Allen  Breed,  Corp.  William  Scott 

Jonas  Adams,  Corp.  Nathaniel   Stratton 

Stephen  Adams  Peter  Shattuck 

Ephraim  Adams  Nathaniel  Melvin 

Allen  Breed  Jr.  James  Wilson 

James  Chandler  Levi  Spaulding 

Simeon  Hildreth  Jonathan  Wheat 

Leonard  Parker  John  Thomas 

The  period  of  this  company's  service  is  uncertain;  they  were 
mustered  in  July  18,  and  are  believed  to  have  served  through 
the  autumn. 


Captain  Smith's   Company 

In  the  following  September  a  company  enlisted  from  New 
Ipswich  and  neighboring  towns  included  with  it  in  the  militia 
regiment  of  Col.  Enoch  Hale  was  united  with  seven  or  more 
companies  raised  from  different  militia  regiments  and  marched 
under  the  command  of  Col.  Nahum  Baldwin  to  reinforce  the 
army  in  New  York.  This  company  was  under  the  command 
of  Capt.  Abijah  Smith  of  New  Ipswich,  Lieut.  James  Crombie 
being  from  Rindge,  and  Ensign  Robert  Fletcher  from  Temple. 
They  served  about  three  months,  during  which  they  were 
in  the  battle  at  White  Plains,  but  were  not  so  situated  as  to 
suffer.  The  entire  body  returned  home  early  in  the  winter. 
The  same  difficulty  is  presented  in  this  company  as  in  that 
of  Capt.  Joseph  Parker,  but  it  is  believed  that  the  following 
names  form  nearly  the  correct  list  for  New  Ipswich. 

Abijah  Smith,  Capt. 

Benjamin  Adams  Abel  Estabrook 

Eli  Adams  Jonathan  Kinney 

Ephraim  Adams  John  Knowlton 

Thomas  Adams  Stephen  Pierce 

Isaac  Appleton  Nathaniel  Stone 

Benjamin  Cutter  Supply  Wilson 

John  Cutter  Joseph  Wright 
Jonas  Button 

Under  date  of  Oct.  24,  1775,  Oliver  Prescott  wrote  to  Henry 
Gardner :  "Twenty-six  men  march  this  day  from  the  town 
of  New  Ipswich"  to  Ticonderoga. — American  Archives,  Vol. 
2,  p.  1227. 

In  October  there  marched  from  the  counties  of  Hills- 
borough and  Cheshire,  on  the  requisition  of  General  Gates,  a 
small  body  of  men  to  reinforce  the  army  at  Ticonderoga.  It 
is  doubtful  if  the  only  roll  of  this  force  which  is  known  to 
have  been  preserved,  and  which  was  discovered  in  the  Pen- 
sion Bureau  at  Washington,  is  at  all  complete,  as  of  the 
thirty-nine  names  which  it  bears  are  those  of  Lieut.-Col. 
Thomas  Heald  and  Adjutant  Isaac  How  of  New  Ipswich,  a 
captain  and  a  lieutenant  from  Rindge,  the  same  from  Temple, 
eight  sergeants,  a  corporal,  and  only  twenty-four  privates. 
In  this  roll  the  residence  of  each  man  is  stated,  and  New  Ips- 
wich is  credited  with  Sergeants  William  Strate,  John  Brooks, 
and  Benjamin  Williams,  and  Privates  Josiah  Brown,  Peter 
Fletcher,  Francis  Fletcher,  Edmund  Towne,  Stephen  Parker, 
Thomas  Farnsworth,  Timothy  Wheelock,  Joseph  Wright, 
Joel    Wheelock,    Timothy    Stearns,    Henry    Fletcher,    Daniel 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

Adams,  and  Nathaniel  Pratt.  This  detachment  was  absent 
about  three  months,  having  been  on  duty  at  Fort  Independ- 

The  conditions  of  the  next  call  for  troops  are  thus  stated 
in  the  first  volume  of  "Revolutionary  Rolls"  of  New  Hamp- 
shire. "In  answer  to  a  requisition  from  General  Washington, 
the  legislature  on  the  fourth  day  of  December,  1776,  'Voted, 
That  five  hundred  men  be  Draughted  from  the  several  Regi- 
ments in  this  State  as  soon  as  possible,  and  ofificered  8i  sent 
to  New  York.'  *  *  *  *  ^1-,^  cause  of  this  call 
was,  that  the  terms  of  service  of  the  troops  in  garrison  at 
Fort  George  and  Ticonderoga  would  expire  on  the  last  day 
of  December,  and  if  their  places  were  not  filled  those  posts 
would  fall  into  the  hands  of  General  Sir  Guy  Carleton." 

Francis  Towne  of  Rindge  was  captain  of  a  company  in 
Col.  D^vid  Gilman's  regiment  of  this  levy,  and  the  roll  of  his 
company  bears  the  following  names  the  same  as  those  of 
residents  in  New  Ipswich,  and  names  which  appear  on  other 
rolls  with  those  of  New  Ipswich  soldiers. 

Simeon  Gould,  Serjt.  David  Sanders 

Stephen  Parker,  Serjt.  Thomas  Adams 

John  Bryant,  Drum^  William  Priest 

Isaac  Adams  Isaac  Proctor 

Elijah  Mansfield  Daniel  Adams 

Abel  Dutton  Edmund  Towne 

Asa  Gibbs  Peter  Fletcher 
iVsa  Perham 

The  record  of  New  Ipswich  soldiers  of  1776  closes  with 
the  names  of  Thomas  Brown,  Josiah  Fletcher,  Simeon  Gould, 
William  Hodgkins,  Henry  Knowlton,  Abner  Preston,  Jesse 
Walker,  and  Jonas  Wheeler,  found  upon  the  roll  of  the  com- 
pany of  Capt.  Samuel  Atkinson  "stationed  at  Coos  in  Haver- 
hill under  the  directions  of  the  Committee  appointed  for  said 
purpose  Decemb""  1,  1776,"  and  they  are  added  to  the  previous 
lists  of  the  year  on  similar  evidence  to  that  which  seemed 
to  demand  the  same  recognition  of  the  list  immediately 

It  may  justly  be  claimed  that  New  Ipswich,  during  the 
year  of  the  nation's  birth,  held  a  worthy  place  in  the  state 
of  which  it  has  been  written  that  "New  Hampshire  performed 
her  share  of  the  work  of  1776  in  full,  as  she  had  the  year 
before,  responding  ably  and  patriotically  to  every  call  made 


The  Continental  Army 

upon  her  for  men.  In  several  instances  her  troops  remained 
in  the  service  beyond  their  terms  of  enlistment,  notwithstand- 
ing they  were  of  necessity  scantily  fed  and  clothed,  and  poorly 
provided  with  protection  against  the  inclemency  of  the 
weather.  In  no  instance,  when  the  exigency  of  the  occasion 
seemed  to  require  their  services  beyond  their  terms  of  en- 
listment, were  they  appealed  to  in  vain." 

The  next  year  was  entered  with  the  same  spirit,  and  with 
a  clearer  realization  of  the  true  issue.  The  last  town  meeting 
called  in  New  Ipswich  'Tn  His  Majesty's  Name"  was  the 
annual  meeting  held  in  March,  1775.  No  authority  had  been 
named  in  the  warrants  for  the  numerous  meetings  necessi- 
tated by  the  conditions  of  the  succeeding  two  years,  but  the 
annual  meeting  held  March  10,  1777,  was  called  'Tn  name  of 
the  Government  and  People  of  the  State  of  New  Hampshire." 

During  this  year  the  military  interest  of  the  state  naturally 
centered  upon  the  Northern  army  and  the  movements  in  the 
region  of  Ticonderoga.  The  strengthening  national  thought 
was  evidenced  in  the  three  New  Hampshire  Continental  regi- 
ments commanded  by  Colonels  Joseph  Cilley,  Nathan  Hale, 
and  Alexander  Scammell.  The  comparative  inefficiency  of 
brief  periods  of  service  had  been  demonstrated  by  sad  ex- 
perience, and  some  more  systematic  method  of  filling  the 
ranks  had  become  necessary.  The  return  of  Enoch  Hale  of 
Rindge,  colonel  of  the  Fourteenth  Regiment  of  militia,  made 
early  in  this  year,  shows  the  radical  change  in  conditions 
since  the  day  of  the  "Concord  Fight."  A  portion  of  it  is  given 
below: — 

State  of  New  Hampshire 

To  the  Hon"'*  Committee  of  Safety  for  said  State  Pursuant  to 
orders  Received  in  April  A.  D.  1777  directing  me  to  Raise  one  hundred 
and  nineteen  men  to  serve  in  the  Continental  Armey  for  three  years 
or  during  the  war  I  have  Proportioned  the  men  to  the  several  Towns 
or  Companys  in  my  Regiment  as  follows  (viz) 

New  Ipswich  22  Marlborough  6 

Rindge  17  Stoddard  6 

Temple  13  Packersfield  5 

Peterborough  14  Washington  4 

Jaffrey  14  Slip  Town  2 

Fitzwilliam  8                                                               

Dublin  8  119 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

New  Ipswich  Returned  Twenty  one  men 

Silas  Gill  Jacob  Potter 

Ephraim  Foster  Ephraim   Severance 

John  Yeaman  Moses  Farnorth 

Levi  Adams  Ithamar  Wheelock 

Jonas  Adams  William  Prichard 

Rolins  Colburn  Abner  Preston  & 

Nath'  Hase  William   Hueitt 

in  Capt.  Farwells  Com'y  Col°  Silleys  Regiment — and 

Asa  Gibbs  Daniel  Foster 

Asa  Pearham  Ebenezer  Fletcher  & 

Sam'   Foster  John  Johnson 

in  Cap'  Carr^  Comp'y  Col°  Hale'  Regiment — they  likewise  Returned 
William  Scott  in  said  Carr'  Company  that  they  hired  from  Peterborough 
Slip  Being  one  that  Sliptown  Returned  and  say  that  Sliptown  neglect 
to  pay  back  their  money. 

It  should  not  be  inferred  that  the  men  responding  to  the 
definite  call  upon  each  town  had  been  secured  by  means  of 
a  draft.  In  fact,  the  payroll  of  Capt.  Farwell's  company  dated 
nearly  a  year  later  has  several  of  the  names  in  this  list  credited 
with  service  beginning  at  an  earlier  date  than  the  time  of 
the  reception  of  the  order  to  Col.  Enoch  Hale  mentioned  in 
his  return,  but  probably  they  had  not  been  reported  to  the 
Committee  of  Safety  before  the  order  for  new  recruits  had 
been  issued.  This  later  list  difl:'ers  from  the  one  given  above 
by  having  the  name  of  Samuel  Potter,  which  other  records 
show  correct,  instead  of  Jacob  Potter,  and  by  the  absence  of 
the  name  of  John  Yeaman  and  William  Hueitt.  What  was 
undoubtedly  an  error  is  also  corrected  and  Moses  Farnsworth 
appears  in  place  of  the  earlier  abridged  form.  Bunker  Clark, 
who  was  certainly  a  resident  in  New  Ipswich,  is  credited  to 
Packersfield.  William  Hewitt  appears  in  other  places  as  a 
member  of  that  company  and  receipts  for  his  bounty  and 
wages  at  Valley  Forge  in  1778.  John  Yeaman  also  is  found 
(with  a  slight  change  in  his  name)  in  another  company  of 
the  same  regiment.  Capt.  Isaac  Farwell  was  of  Charlestown, 
and  is  probably  not  the  Isaac  Farwell  who  went  from  New 
Ipswich  at  the  time  of  the  Concord  alarm.  The  first  lieutenant 
was  James  Taggart  of  Peterborough,  the  second  lieutenant 
Jeremiah  Pritchard  of  New  Ipswich,  and  the  ensign  Jonathan 
Willard  of  Charlestown.  Rawlins  Colborn  and  Levi  Adams 
held  warrants  of  first  and  second  sergeants.  The  company 
of  the  Second  Regiment  containing  the  remainder  of  the  April 
levy  was  commanded  by  Capt.  James  Carr  of  Somersworth, 


Reinforcements  for  Ticonderoga 

the  first  lieutenant  being  Samuel  Cherry  of  Londonderry,  the 
second  lieutenant  Peletiah  Whittemore  of  New  Ipswich,  and 
the  ensign  George  Frost  of  Greenland. 

The  service  of  these  men  did  not  terminate  in  three  years, 
as  the  names  of  several  of  them  are  found  later  to  continue 
"during  the  war."  But  now  attention,  which  had  been  tempo- 
rarily somewhat  diverted  from  the  region  of  Ticonderoga,  was 
abruptly  recalled.  "On  the  evening  of  the  2d  day  of  May, 
1777,  dispatches  were  received  by  the  committee  of  safety 
of  this  state,  informing  them  that  the  garrison  at  Ticonderoga 
was  in  danger  of  being  taken  by  the  enemy,  and  urging  that 
the  militia  be  sent  forward  at  once  to  reenforce  that  important 
post."  Messages  were  at  once  sent  to  the  colonels  of  the 
regiments  situated  along  the  western  line  of  the  state  urging 
them  "by  all  that  is  sacred  to  raise  as  many  of  your  Militia 
as  possible  and  march  theni  to  Ticonderoga."  Col.  Enoch 
Hale  was  not  one  of  those  nearest  to  the  seat  of  danger,  and 
therefore  specially  called  upon,  but  none  the  less  fifty-four 
men  were  gathered  from  that  regiment  who  marched  on  May 
6  for  Ticonderoga,  under  the  command  of  Capt.  Josiah  Brown 
of  New  Ipswich.  It  is  impossible  to  be  perfectly  sure  how 
many  of  this  company  were  from  New  Ipswich.  The  former 
history  speaks  of  this  as  "a  company  of  twenty-four  men," 
which  probably  is  the  traditional  number  of  its  New  Ipswich 
members.  The  entire  roll  is  here  presented,  and  those  names 
which  are  doubtless  the  names  of  New  Ipswich  men,  or  which 
from  other  facts  seem  most  probably  to  be  of  that  town,  are 
marked  with  an  asterisk. 

*Josiah  Brown,  Capt.  Jos.  Stanley 

Asa  Sherwin,  1st  Lt.  Moses  Hale 

*SamueI  Howard,  2d  Lt.  John  Emery 

*Benj.  Williams,  Ens.  Abel  Piatt 

Jona.  Ingals,  Serjt.  Saml.  Chaplin 

*Ezra  Morse,  Serjt.  Moses  Chaplain 

Abraham  Brooks,  Serjt.  Peter  Webster 

William  Robb,  Serjt.  Amos  Ingals 

♦Abel  Easterbrooks,  Corp.  *Thomas  Brown 

Jona.  Putnam,  Corp.  *James  Tidder 

Jona.  Morse,  Corp.  *Nathl.  Pratt 

Israel  Keys,  Corp.  *Nathl.  Farr 

Silas  Angier  *Jona.   Parker 

David  Adams  *John  Wheeler 

♦Samuel  Adams  *Isaac  Farwell 

William  Thomson  *Daniel  Clary 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

*  Nathan  Cutter 
*Saml.  Walker 
*Jesse  Walker 
*Elijah  Davis 
*Peter  Shadduck 
*John  Thomas 
*John  Yarmon 
David  Townsend 
John   Patten 
*Richard  Stickney 
Eben  Severance 
Benja.  Severance 

Jona.  Marshall 
*Danl.  Morse 
Joshua  Greenwood 
*Asa  Pratte 
Thos.  Smith 
Thos.  Davidson 
Joseph  Farrar 
Jason  Rice 
Eben  Spaulding 
John  White 
Aaron  Beals 

Most  of  this  company  continued  in  service  at  Ticonderoga 
about  six  weeks,  and  were  then  discharged.  But  they  had 
hardly  scattered  to  their  homes  when  the  capture  of  Crown 
Point  and  the  rapid  advance  of  Burgoyne  upon  Ticonderoga 
made  the  crisis  more  imperative  in  its  call  for  aid  from  the 
militia.  On  June  29  Capt.  Brown  again  started  at  the  head 
of  a  company  of  forty-eight  men,  this  time  a  solid  company 
of  the  town;  having  reached  Number  Four  (Charlestown), 
they  were  ordered  to  return,  and  arrived  at  Rindge  on  July  3. 
But  here  they  were  overtaken  by  orders  again  reversing  their 
course,  and  the  first  anniversary  of  the  Declaration  of  Inde- 
pendence was  spent  while  following  again  the  route  westward. 
Only  as  far  as  Rutland,  however,  for  there  they  met  the  army 
in  retreat.  Apparently  about  half  the  company  returned  home 
directly  from  Rindge,  as  they  are  credited  on  the  roll  with 
only  five  days'  service  and  were  discharged  on  the  third  of 
July  instead  of  the  twelfth. 

The  roll  is  given  below: 

Josiah  Brown,  Capt. 
Edmund  Bryant,  Lieut. 
Isaac  Clark,  Lieut. 
Hezekiah  Corey,  Ensign 
John  Brooks,  Serjt. 
Thomas  Brown,  Serjt. 
Josiah  Walton,  Serjt. 
Elijah  Davis,  Serjt. 
Elijah  Morse,  Corpl. 
Stephen  Hildreth,  Corpl. 
Allen  Breed,  Corpl. 
Nathan  Wesson,  Corpl. 
William  Kendall 
Ebenezer  Bullard 
William  Plodgkins 
Asa  Parker 

Ephraim  Stevens 
Joseph  Felt 
Whitcomb  Powers 
Jona  Easterbrooks 
William  Spear,  Junr. 
Nehemiah  Stratton 
Phineas  Adams 
John  Knight 
John  Thomas 
Peter  Shattuck 
Joseph  Pollard 
Edmund  Sawtel 
Jonathan  Davis 
Stephen  Adams 
Leonard  Parker 
David  Melvin 


Colonel  Heald's  Detachment 

Amos  Wheeler  William  Richards 

Nat.  Carlton  Timothy  Fox 

Nat  Swain  Josiah  Rogers 

Zebediah  Whittemore  Joseph  Tinney 

Nat  Melvin  John  Warner 

Peter  Fletcher  John  Cutter 

Stephen  Parker  Wm  Spears 

Josiah  Fletcher  David  Elliot 

Thirty  of  the  members  of  this  company  were  provided 
with  horses,  and  it  is  said  that  the  march  was  largely  taken 
by  the  "ride  and  tie"  method. 

Apparently  the  other  companies  of  Col.  Enoch  Hale's  reg- 
iment did  not  turn  out  in  response  to  the  call  to  Ticonderoga 
in  as  large  numbers  as  that  under  Capt.  Josiah  Brown ;  but 
a  detachment  of  the  regiment  marched  under  command  of 
Lieut. -Col.  Thomas  Heald  of  New  Ipswich,  Francis  Fletcher, 
the  adjutant,  being  also  from  that  town.  This  detachment 
contained  portions  of  five  companies,  and  the  names  of  New 
Ipswich  men  are  found  on  the  roll  of  each  of  those  companies, 
although  it  is  impossible  to  determine  with  certainty  they 
were  not  residents  of  other  localities  bearing  the  same  name. 
But  no  evidence  appears  to  cause  the  following  names  to  be 
refused  as  New  Ipswich  soldiers. 

In  the  company  of  Capt.  Salmon  Stone  of  Rindge :  Reuben 
Russell,  Samuel  Russell,  Samuel  Walker,  John  Knowlton. 

In  the  company  of  Capt.  Roger  Gilmore  of  Jaffrey : 
Thomas  Adams. 

In  the  company  of  Capt.  Silas  Wright  of  Stoddard :  Asa 
Adams,  Eli  Adams,  William  Button,  Henry  Spaulding,  Jotham 
Hoar,  Stephen  Parker,  John  Harkness,  Amos  Prichard,  Jonas 
Wheeler,  Samuel  Haywood,  Benjamin  Safford,  Josiah  Davis, 
Simeon  Blanchard,  Richard  Wheeler,  Jesse  Walker,  John 
Sartwell,  (probably  Sawtell,)  Simeon  Hildrick,  Josiah 

In  the  company  of  Capt.  Alexander  Robbe  of  Peter- 
borough :     William  Scott,  William  Blair. 

In  the  company  of  Capt.  James  Lewis  of  Marlborough : 
Moses  Tucker,  Ezra  Town,  Oliver  Wright. 

These  men  in  Col.  Heald's  detachment,  like  those  under 
Capt.  Brown,  served  not  more  than  fourteen  days,  and  about 
half  of  them  only  five  days. 

A  company  also  marched  on  the  same  errand  from  Fitz- 
william   and   towns   adjacent,   under   the   command   of   Capt. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

John  Mellin,  and  on  the  roll  of  this  company  appear  the  names 
of  Moses  Tucker,  Oliver  Wright,  Samuel  Soper,  and  Abel 
Estabrooks.  It  is  evident  that  the  distinction  between  father 
and  son  w^as  neglected  in  respect  to  the  name  of  Capt. 
I  Tucker ;  but  even  that  explanation  is  insufficient  for  the  name 
\  Oliver  Wright,  which  not  only  appears  in  the  rolls  of  Cap- 
tains Lewis  and  Mellin,  and  as  both  ensign  and  private  in  the 
latter  company  he  was  apparently  promoted,  but  also  on  the 
rolls  of  the  companies  of  Capt.  Christopher  Webber  and  of 
Lieut.  Henry  Adams,  which  also  made  brief  expeditions  to 
relieve  the  endangered  Ticonderoga.  There  can  be  little 
doubt  that  the  Oliver  Wright  in  at  least  one  of  these  com- 
panies was  of  New  Ipswich. 

The  threatening  advance  of  Burgoyne  after  his  successes 
at  Ticonderoga  and  Hubbardton  left  to  the  Americans  no 
escape  from  more  strenuous  endeavor  than  the  recent  move- 
ments had  proved  to  be,  and  on  the  tenth  of  July  a  company 
of  seventy-one  men,  of  whom  thirty-seven  were  from  neigh- 
boring towns,  mostly  from  Peterboro  or  Temple,  left  New 
Ipswich  and  joined  the  Northern  army  under  General  Gates 
at  Stillwater.  The  thirty-four  men  believed  to  be  from,  New 
Ipswich  were  as  enrolled  below: 

Stephen  Parker,  Capt.  Richard  Wheeler 

Benjamin   Williams,  Ensign.  Amos  Wheeler 

Archibald  White,  Sergt.  William  Upton 

Whitcomb   Powers,   Corpl.  Edmund  Sawtel 

Samuel  Lewis,  Corpl.  Nehemiah  Stratton 

Samuel  Lowell,  Drummer.  John  Knight 

Simeon  Hildreth,  Fifer.  Francis  Appleton 

Allen  Breed  Jotham  Hoar 

Allen  Breed,  Jr.  Samuel  Wheeler 

Samuel  Walker  Daniel  Foster 

Benjamin  Safford  Richard  Stickney 

Josiah  Walton  William  Blair 

David  Rumrill  Levi  Spaulding 

Zebediah  Whittemore  Henry  Spaulding 

Peter  Fletcher  Abel  Dutton 

Ephraim  Stevens  Silas  Taylor 

Jonathan   Parker  Eli  Adams 

This  company's  service  extended  through  two  months, 
during  which  it  had  a  part  in  the  battle  of  Bennington,  and 
it  was  discharged  on  the  twenty-sixth  of  September.  A  few 
of  the  names  are  doubtful,  and  are  claimed  by  other  towns 
having  citizens  bearing  the  same  name. 


Captain  Briant's   Company 

The  former  history  of  the  town  gives  a  brief  account  of 
an  attempt  to  divide  the  American  force  made  by  the  British 
at  about  this  time,  in  the  form  of  a  false  alarm  concerning 
a  projected  raid  from  the  north  for  the  purpose  of  chastising 
the  towns  along  the  Connecticut  river.  The  plan  succeeded 
in  New  Ipswich  to  the  extent  of  starting  a  party  of  eleven 
men  northward  to  take  a  part  in  the  needed  defence,  their 
absence  continuing  about  a  month.  No  names  are  given  ex- 
cept that  of  their  commander,  William  Clary;  and  no  record 
of  its  doings  having  come  to  light,  it  is  necessarily  left  with- 
out further  mention. 

At  almost  exactly  the  time  of  the  discharge  of  Capt. 
Parker's  company  another  company  of  fifty-five  men  was 
formed  and  marched  from  the  town  to  join  the  army  at  Sara- 
toga. All  the  commissioned  officers  were  of  New  Ipswich, 
as  were  the  greater  part  of  the  other  members,  only  about 
twelve  being  from  other  towns.  The  roll,  omitting  the  names 
from  other  towns,  is  here  given : 

Edmund  Briant,  Capt.  Ephraim  Hildreth 

Moses  Tucker,  Lieut.  William  Hewett 

Isaac  Clarke,  Lieut.  Amos  Prichard 

Simeon  Gould,  Serjt.  Samuel  Parker 

John  Brooks,  Serjt.  Nat  Pratt 

William  Start,  Serjt.  Joel  Russell 

Joseph  Tinney,  Corpl.  William  Richards 

Joseph  Pollard,  Corpl.  Nat  Stone 

Thomas  Brown,  Corpl.  Joseph  Stickney 

Nathaniel  Swain,  Drum.  William  Spear 

Jonas  Wilson,  Fife  Peter  Shattuck 

Francis  Appleton  David  Sanders 

Ephraim  Adams  John  Scott 

Phineas  Adams  Edmund  Towne 

Aaron  Chamberlain  James  Tidder 

Henry  Carlton  John  Thomas 

John  Clarey  Jonas  Wheeler 

Francis  Fletcher  Jesse  Walker 

Thomas  Farnsworth  Elijah  Morse 

William  Farr  Abel  Miles 

Robert  Harkness  Jonathan  Wheelock 
Stephen  Hildreth 

This  company  was  discharged  on  October  25,  but  that 
brief  month  of  service  included  the  time  of  the  battle  of  Still- 
water and  the  surrender  of  Burgoyne,  and  so  to  the  people 
of  New  Hampshire  it  ever  seemed  the  "beginning  of  the  end." 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

And  in  truth  the  frequent  calls  for  service  of  a  few  days 
or  a  few  weeks  had  ceased,  and  during  the  first  half  of  the 
year  1778  attention  to  necessarily  neglected  home  duties  could 
be  resumed.  Still,  as  early  as  June,  1777,  Governor  Nicholas 
Cooke  of  Rhode  Island  had  applied  to  the  legislature  of  New 
Hampshire  for  aid  against  three  thousand  British  troops  from 
whom  an  attack  seemed  imminent,  and  about  three  hundred 
men  were  sent  in  response  to  the  call.  But  no  names  recog- 
nizable as  being  of  New  Ipswich  men  are  found  on  the  rolls 
of  those  companies,  and  the  officers  whose  places  of  residence 
are  recorded  were  from  somewhat  distant  localities,  from 
which  it  may  reasonably  be  concluded  that  New  Ipswich  had 
no  part  in  that  expedition.  Just  before  the  close  of  the  six 
months  which  was  the  term  of  enlistment  of  that  detach- 
ment, another  message  from  Governor  Cooke  was  received 
asking  that  troops  might  be  sent  to  take  their  place,  and 
stating  "that  they  would  be  in  a  deplorable  condition  without 
continued  military  aid  from  New  Hampshire."  This  request 
was  considered  by  the  state  authorities  and  on  January  1, 
1778,  the  House  of  Representatives  voted  to  send  the  needed 
assistance.  But  the  enlistments  seemed  to  be  less  prompt 
than  at  the  time  of  the  previous  call,  and  while  the  exact 
time  of  the  departure  for  Rhode  Island  is  uncertain,  an  order 
to  the  colonels  of  militia,  passed  on  May  29,  to  draft  three 
hundred  men  for  that  service  shows  that  there  was  probably 
nearly  six  months  interval  between  the  call  and  its  full  an- 
swer. This  second  levy  of  troops  was  discharged  December 
30,  having  served  for  different  periods,  but  few  longer  than 
six  months.  The  three  hundred  men  comprised  six  compa- 
nies, one  of  which,  commanded  by  Capt.  Simon  Marston  of 
Deerfield,  bore  upon  its  roll  the  following  New  Ipswich 
names :  Joseph  Farrar,  Timothy  Farrar,  Joseph  Felt,  Simeon 
Gould, '"Samuel  Morse,  whose  periods  of  service  varied  from 
three  to  six  months. 

This  regiment,  apparently  raised  with  great  difficulty,  al- 
though the  lists  of  recruits  and  of  the  bounties  paid  them 
make  it  probable  that  the  required  men  were  secured  without 
resort  to  the  draft,  was  yet  insufficient  to  drive  the  British 
forces  from  the  state,  and  in  August  New  Hampshire  sent  a 
brigade  to  assist,  containing  five  regiments  and  amounting 
to  a  little  over  one  thousand  men,  who  served  three  or  four 
weeks.    One  of  these  regiments,  containing  only  one  hundred 


Colonel   Hale's  Regiment 

and  twenty  men,  was  commanded  by  Col.  Enoch  Hale  of 
Rindge,  the  major  and  adjutant  being  Joseph  Parker  and 
Isaac  Howe,  both  of  New  Ipswich.  Each  of  its  three  compa- 
nies contained  men  from  the  same  town,  the  greater  part  of 
them  being  in  the  company  of  Capt.  Robert  Fletcher  of  Tem- 
ple, the  roll  of  which  is  here  given  omitting  names  of  men 
believed  to  be  from  other  towns. 

Moses  Tucker,  Lieut.  John  Knight 

Benjamin  Williams,  Ensign  Joseph  Pollard 

Simeon  Gold,  Serjt.  Maj.  Nehemiah  Stratton 

John  Brooks,  Serjt.  William  Spear 

Leonard  Parker,  Serjt.  Thomas  Spaulding 

Whitcomb   Powers,   Corpl.  Peter  Fletcher 

Jonathan  Davis,  Corpl.  James  Tidder 

Francis  Appleton  John  Thomas 

Stephen  Adams  Jr.  William  Webber 

Allen  Breed  Josiah  Walton 

Ebenr.  Bullard  Jonas  Wheeler 

Nathan  Cutter  Samuel  Wheeler 

Nathan   Champney  Abel  Button 

Henry  Carlton  Samuel  Farnsworth 

Benjamin  Gibbs  David  Haw^s 

William  Hodgkins  Daniel  Kenney 
Jona.  Kenney 

The  second  company,  commanded  by  Capt.  Samuel 
Twitchell  of  Dublin,  seems  to  have  contained  the  following 
New  Ipswich  men:  Ephraini  Adams,  Benjamin  Cutter,  John 
Knowlton,  Daniel  Morse,  Ezra  Morse,  Isaac  Proctor;  and  the 
third  company,  commanded  by  Capt.  James  Lewis  of  Marl- 
borough, had  Moses  Tucker,  first  sergeant,  and  Samuel 
Adams,  corporal. 

Still  the  Rhode  Island  problem  remained  unsolved,  and  in 
June,  1779,  the  regiments  of  militia  were  called  upon  to  fur- 
nish a  third  time  three  hundred  men  for  the  same  duty.  Of 
this  number.  Col.  Enoch  Hale  was  directed  to  raise  eighteen, 
and  if  New  Ipswich  maintained  the  same  ratio  to  the  other 
towns  of  the  regiment  that  she  had  two  years  previously,  the 
town  quota  was  necessarily  three ;  it  is  recorded  that  on  July 
5  that  number  of  men  were  mustered  into  service  for  six 
months  to  the  credit  of  the  town  by  Col.  Thomas  Heald,  one 
of  them,  however,  coming  from  Temple,  one  from  Westmore- 
land, leaving  only  Isaac  Taylor  as  a  New  Ipswich  resident, 
and  he  in  other  places  is  credited  to  Temple,  unless  there 
were  two  soldiers  bearing  that  name. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

A  little  later  the  following  men  were  mustered  in  to  aid 
in  filling  the  three  New  Hampshire  Continental  regiments,  all 
being  credited  to  New  Ipswich,  although  some  of  them  may 
have  been  so  in  the  most  technical  sense  only.  The  list  was : 
Jonathan  Parker,  James  Whipple,  Hezekiah  Wetherbee,  Heze- 
kiah  Sartwell  (Sawtell  probably),  Asahel  Powers. 

No  record  is  found  of  the  New  Ipswich  men  who  joined 
the  expedition  against  the  Indians  near  Seneca  Lake,  nor  of 
the  thirty-one  others  who  went  under  Capt.  Joseph  Parker 
on  the  enduring  Rhode  Island  concern,  both  mentioned  in 
the  former  history  as  among  the  activities  of  the  year,  and 
therefore  nothing  can  be  added  to  the  brief  mention  there 

The  review  of  the  events  from  1775  to  1779  shows  a  change 
analogous  to  that  which  the  older  men  of  the  present  recall 
in  the  later  years  of  the  Civil  War.  The  enthusiasm  of  the 
first  months  had  paled,  and  however  firm  the  determination 
yet  remained,  the  expectation  of  marked  victories  to  be 
achieved  during  a  few  weeks'  campaign  had  passed  like  the 
dreams  of  childhood.  The  picturesque  element  in  the  strife 
had  disappeared,  and  the  necessity  of  an  equable  distribution 
of  the  burdens  of  the  war  in  constantly  increasing  measure 
controlled  the  methods  employed  for  the  maintenance  of  the 
army  in  the  field.  Soldiers  still  were  found  to  fill  the  quota 
required  of  each  regiment  or  town,  and  this  without  resort 
to  a  draft;  but  the  nominal  volunteering  became  more  and 
more  a  business  proceeding,  a  service  in  the  field  in  response 
to  a  bounty  which  greatly  tended  to  equalize  the  burden.  The 
following  statement  by  the  editor  of  the  Revolutionary  Papers 
before  mentioned  indicates  the  extent  to  which  the  commer- 
cial element  had  of  necessity  become  closely  incorporated 
with  patriotic  movements  of  that  date.    He  writes : 

"On  the  16th  day  of  June,  1780,  the  legislature  passed  an 
act  ordering  six  hundred  men  to  be  raised  to  recruit  the  three 
regiments  in  the  continental  army  from  this  state.  The  com- 
mittee of  safety  was  directed  to  give  orders  to  the  regimental 
commanders  to  raise  their  several  quotas.  *  *  * 
The  men  were  to  furnish  their  own  clothing,  knapsacks,  and 
blankets,  and  serve  till  the  last  day  of  December  next  follow- 
ing, or  be  liable  to  a  fine  of  five  hundred  dollars.  They  were 
to  be  paid  forty  shillings  per  month  'in  Money  equal  to  In- 
dian Corn  at  Four  Shillings  a  Bushel,  Grass-fed  Beef  at  Three 


Three-Months   Men 

Pence  per  Pound,  or  Sole-Leather  at  Eighteen  Pence  a  Pound.' 
They  were  also  to  have  five  pounds  each  for  clothing  money, 
two  dollars  in  paper  currency  per  mile  for  travel,  and  money 
for  rations  until  they  could  draw  continental  rations."  In 
response  to  this  very  definite  proposal  the  six  men  required 
of  New  Ipswich  volunteered.  They  were  John  Goold,  Allen 
Kreed,  Henry  Carlton,  Peter  Bullard,  Ebenezer  Bullard,  and 
Samuel  Walker.     These  men  probably  served  in  New  Jersey. 

Before  the  close  of  the  month  of  June,  the  legislature 
voted  to  raise  945  men  for  a  term  of  three  months,  to  reen- 
force  the  army  at  West  Point.  Sixty-three  of  this  number 
were  to  be  furnished  by  Col.  Enoch  Hale's  regiment,  from 
which  it  would  seem  that  the  quota  of  New  Ipswich  was 
either  eleven  or  twelve.  A  careful  examination  of  the  rolls 
of  the  sixteen  companies  composing  the  two  regiments  into 
which  this  levy  was  divided  fails  to  determine  with  full  satis- 
faction the  names  of  the  New  Ipswich  men  there  included. 
But  the  following  list  is  probably  approximately  correct. 

In  the  company  of  Capt.  Benjamin  Spaulding:  Daniel 
Adams,  Ensign,  Isaac  Preston,  Sergt.,  Jeremiah  Underwood, 
Abel  Button,  John  Breed,  William  Upton,  Eli  Upton,  Asa 

In  the  company  of  Capt.  Jonas  Kidder :  Simeon  Fletcher. 
Jonathan  Davis,  Joseph  Davis. 

Some  time  during  the  year  a  sally  of  tories  from  Canada 
into  the  state  of  Vermont,  proceeding  as  far  as  Royalton, 
awakened  a  spontaneous  movement  like  those  of  the  earlier 
years,  and  sixty-five  men,  all  or  very  nearly  all  of  whom 
were  from  New  Ipswich,  started  on  horseback  to  meet  the 
especially  offensive  attack.  This  force,  under  the  command 
of  Lieut.-Col.  Thomas  Heald,  was  divided  into  two  companies, 
the  rolls  of  which  are  given  below.  They  were  gone  only 
four  days,  during  which  the  smaller  company  travelled  forty- 
five  miles,  for  which  they  presented  an  account  amounting 
to  £34  10s.,  and  the  larger  thirty-five  miles,  with  an  account 
of  £90  2s.     They  were : 

Edmund  Bryant,  Capt.  Silas  Davis 

Isaac  Clark,  Lieut.  John  Gould 

Benjamin  Williams,  Lieut.  Joseph  Stickney  Jr. 

Jeremiah  Prichard  Benjamin  Adams  Jr. 

Thomas  Brown  John  Adams 

Josiah  Walton  Amos  Baker 

John  Brown  Jr.  Samuel  Speer 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

William  Speer  Jr. 
John  Cutter 
William  Prichard 
Jonathan  Fletcher 
Ephraim  Adams  Jr. 
Elijah  Davis 

Joseph  Parker,  Capt. 
Moses  Tucker,  Lieut. 
James  Chandler,  Ens. 
John  Brooks,  Sergt. 
Leonard  Parker 
Allen  Breed,  Sergt. 
William  Faris 
Ebenezer  Knight 
Enos  Knight  Jr. 
Samuel  Cummings 
Ebenezer  Fletcher 
Thomas   Spaulding 
Timothy  Fox 
William  Shattuck 
Jonathan  Twist 
William   Hodgkins 
Levi  Farr 
Nathaniel  Farr 
Isaac  Bartlett 
Jotham  Hoar 

Josiah  Brown 
Thomas  Kidder 
Thomas  Fletcher  Jr. 
William  Clary- 
Edmund  Town 

Ephraim  Hildreth 
Joseph  Warren 
Jesse  Walker 
Amos  Boynton 
Joel  Baker 
Stephen  Pierce 
Samuel   Fletcher 
Stephen  Adams  Jr. 
John  Pratt 
Edward  Pratt 
Nathaniel  Pratt 
Isaac  Farwell 
Edmund  Farwell 
John  Gowing 
Robert  Cambell 
Thad  Taylor 
Reuben  Taylor 
Hezekiah  Hodgkins 
John  Wheeler,  Jr. 

It  may  be  noticed  that  two  of  the  names  on  the  Royalton 
Alarm  list,  John  Gould  and  Allen  Breed,  are  also  included 
in  the  six  names  of  men  enlisting  on  the  six-months  call  of 
the  year,  and  recorded  as  serving  from  July  2  to  December  14. 
Evidently  therefore  the  Royalton  event  was  earlier  than 
July.  The  records  mention  it  as  an  occurrence  of  the  year 
1780  several  times,  but  give  no  more  definite  date. 

In  February,  1781,  the  town  was  called  upon  to  furnish 
twelve  more  soldiers  for  the  Continental  army,  and  is  credited 
with  the  following  recruits,  eight  of  whom  had  before  been 
credited  with  from  one  to  five  terms  of  service. 

Nehemiah  Stratton 
Phineas  Adams 
Samuel  Walker 
Peter  BuUard 
Amos  Baker 
John  Adams 

Stephen  Adams 
Jesse  Walker 
John  Bullard 
Joel  Baker 
Joseph  Proctor 
John  Thomas 

A  few  names  more  complete  the  roll  of  names  found  on 
record  of  New  Ipswich  Revolutionary  soldiers.    The  "Muster 


The  Soldier's  Equipment 

Roll  of  a  Company  of  Men  Commanded  by  Capt.  Othniel 
Thomas  In  Colo.  Runnell's  Regt.  of  New  Hampshire  Militie 
(1781)"  found  in  the  Pension  Bureau  at  Washington,  D.  C, 
contains  the  following  names  of  soldiers,  two  of  whom  are 
said  to  "go  for"  the  town  of  "Ipswitch,"  and  four  for  "Ips- 
wich :"  Reuben  Baldwin,  James  Turnar,  John  Goold,  Paul 
Sticknee,  Ephraim  Hildreth,  John  Gould,  Jr. 

In  a  New  Hampshire  record  New  Ipswich  is  credited  with 
Silas  Whitney  and  Ezra  Meriam,  recruits  of  July  15,  1782. 

From  the  Massachusetts  Revolutionary  Rolls  preserved  in 
the  State  House  at  Boston  the  following  names  of  New  Ips- 
wich men  are  taken.  Col.  William  Prescott's  regiment,  Capt. 
John  Nutting's  company,  Samuel  Cummings ;  Capt.  Joseph 
Moor's  company,  John  Sawtell ;  Capt.  Abijah  Wyman's  com- 
pany, Samuel  Kinney;  Col.  Jonathan  Brewer's  regiment,  Capt. 
Thomas  Drury's  company,  Abraham  Abbot.  Seth  Wheeler 
was  lieutenant  in  the  company  of  Capt.  John  Parker  of  Litch- 
field, in  the  regiment  of  Col.  Timothy  Bedel,  with  the  North- 
ern division  of  the  army  under  Gen.  Montgomery  in  1775 ; 
and  captain  under  the  same  colonel  on  service  in  Canada 
from  December  15,  1777,  to  March  3,  1778. 

It  is  believed  that  the  foregoing  is  practically  a  complete 
outline  of  the  work  of  New  Ipswich  in  the  field  during  the 
birth-struggle  of  the  nation.  In  comparison  with  the  broader 
and  more  fierce  contests  required  in  later  years  that  the  nation 
might  continue  to  live,  perchance  in  the  thought  of  some  this 
earlier  story  is  almost  insignificant.  In  truth,  that  initial 
strife  presented  very  little  of  what  is  sometimes  called  the 
"glory  of  war."  In  the  provincial  army  gorgeous  uniforms, 
or  in  most  cases  any  costumes  that  could  receive  such  a  name, 
were  conspicuous  by  their  absence.  The  graphic  description 
of  the  departure  of  Capt.  Stephen  Parker's  company  for  Still- 
water in  1777,  given  in  the  former  history  of  the  town  as 
related  by  one  who  remembered  the  event,  tells  the  thought- 
ful reader  so  much  of  the  home  conditions  of  those  days  left 
unwritten  that  it  is  repeated  here. 

"To  a  man,  they  wore  small-clothes,  coming  down  and 
fastening  just  below  the  knee,  and  long  stockings  with  cow- 
hide shoes  ornamented  by  large  buckles,  while  not  a  pair  of 
boots  graced  the  company.  The  coats  and  waistcoats  were 
loose  and  of  huge  dimensions,  with  colors  as  various  as  the 
barks  of  oak,  sumach,  and  other  trees  of  our  hills  and  swamps 
could  make  them,  and  their  shirts  were  all  made  of  flax,  and 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

like  every  other  part  of  the  dress,  were  homespun.  On  their 
heads  was  worn  a  large  round-top  and  broad-brimmed  hat. 
Their  arms  were  as  various  as  their  costume ;  here  an  old 
soldier  carried  a  heavy  Queen's  arm,  with  which  he  had  done 
service  at  the  conquest  of  Canada  twenty  years  previous, 
while  by  his  side  walked  a  stripling  boy,  with  a  Spanish 
fusee  not  half  its  weight  or  calibre,  which  his  grandfather 
may  have  taken  at  the  Havanna,  while  not  a  few  had  old 
French  pieces,  that  dated  back  to  the  reduction  of  Louisburg. 
Instead  of  the  cartridgebox,  a  large  powderhorn  was  slung 
under  the  arm,  and  occasionally  a  bayonet  might  be  seen 
bristling  in  the  ranks.  Some  of  the  swords  of  the  officers 
had  been  made  by  our  Province  blacksmiths,  perhaps  from 
some  farming  utensil ;  they  looked  serviceable,  but  heavy  and 
uncouth.  Such  was  the  appearance  of  the  Continentals  to 
whom  a  well-appointed  army  was  soon  to  lay  down  their  arms. 
After  a  little  exercising  on  the  old  Common,  and  performing 
the  then  popular  exploit  of  'whipping  the  snake,'  they  briskly 
filed  ofif  up  the  road,  by  the  foot  of  the  Kidder  Mountain,  and 
through  the  SpafTord  Gap,  towards  Peterboro,  to  the  tune  of 
'Over  the  hills  and  far  away.'  " 

Furthermore,  it  may  be  thankfully  realized  that  the  weap- 
ons of  the  warfare  of  those  days  were  such  as  gave  compara- 
tively slight  occasion  for  scenes  of  such  appalling  glory  as 
are  depicted  in  the  panoramas  of  mutilation  and  death  at 
Gettysburg  and  other  battles  of  the  Civil  War. 

At  the  close  of  the  Revolution  the  population  of  New 
Ipswich  was  1033,  of  which  number  only  206  were  ratable 
polls.  But  this  small  population  sent  into  the  field  for  a 
longer  or  shorter  time  about  275  men,  no  small  number  of 
whom,  either  by  a  single  enlistment  or  several  briefer  ones, 
served  nearly  or  quite  three  years.  As  has  been  seen,  the 
collection  of  scattered  records  has  necessitated  a  considerable 
modification  of  the  traditional  number  of  New  Ipswich  sol- 
diers, but  these  documents  give  very  little  aid  in  any  attempt 
to  make  more  definite  or  complete  the  record  of  deaths  and 
injuries  among  the  New  Ipswich  men  that  is  given  in  the 
former  history.  It  is  there  stated  that  "but  one  or  two  were 
killed  in  battle ;  eight  or  ten  were  very  severely  wounded, 
among  whom  were  Josiah  Walton,  Ebenezer  Fletcher,  Jeremiah 
Fletcher,  and  Jonas  Adams ;  and  about  twenty  died  of  sick- 
ness in  the  army,  or  soon  after  they  were  brought  home,  of 
whom    were    John    Adams,    Simeon    Hildreth,    Daniel    Hall, 


Deacon   Adams's   Resolution 

Samuel  Campbell,  Jonathan  Wheat,  Samuel  Foster,  Ephraim 
Forster  and  Asa  Perham."  David  Scott  is  recorded  as  having 
lost  his  life  at  Bunker  Hill,  but  although  he  was  in  the  com- 
pany of  Capt.  Ezra  Town,  there  seems  to  be  very  little  doubt 
that  he  was  of  a  Peterborough  family  and  resident  in  that 

It  is  very  evident  that  by  far  the  most  serious  sufferings 
which  assailed,  weakened,  and  often,  despite  the  power  of 
patriotism  and  indomitable  Anglo-Saxon  energy,  discouraged 
the  body  of  the  soldiers  so  that  the  unconquerable  leaders 
knew  not  how  to  meet  the  apparently  impending  disaster, 
were  not  those  which  are  met  where  the  excitement  of  the 
contest  gives  courage  and  endurance,  but  those  due  to  lack 
of  proper  clothing,  food,  and  shelter ;  to  weakness  and  disease 
due  largely  to  the  inability  to  supply  such  necessities,  but 
sometimes,  it  would  seem,  in  part  to  a  lack  of  appreciation  of 
the  greatness  of  the  need  by  the  provincial  authorities.  A 
characteristic  incident  is  related  of  a  leading  citizen  of  New 
Ipswich  which  so  well  illustrates  this  difficulty  that  it  is  here 
again  told.  Dea.  Ephraim  Adams,  although  in  the  second 
half-century  of  life  at  the  time  of  the  first  call  to  arms,  did 
not  hesitate  to  take  the  field  with  his  juniors,  but  in  the  later 
years  of  the  war  was  called  to  different  duties  by  his  fellow 
townsmen,  and  it  is  said  that  "while  representing  the  town  in 
the  Provincial  Congress,  he  attempted  one  day  to  call  their 
attention  to  procuring  suitable  clothing  for  the  soldiers  during 
the  then  approaching  winter,  but  without  much  success.  On 
the  following  day  he  rose  in  his  place  with  much  solemnity, 
and  read  a  resolution,  in  substance  that  it  was  the  opinion  of 
that  body,  that  the  soldiers  from  their  state  should  have  zvool 
grow  on  their  hacks,  to  protect  them  from  the  cold  during  win- 
ter. This  drew  the  attention  of  the  House  immediately,  and 
a  committee  was  chosen,  of  which  he  was  the  chairman,  and 
his  wishes  were  promptly  carried  into  effect."  It  was  a  year 
or  two  previous  to  that  incident,  that  a  record  still  extant 
tells  of  the  discharge  of  twenty-one  newly  enlisted  soldiers 
because  of  their  lack  of  clothes. 

Still  such  incidents  must  not  be  considered  without  recog- 
nition of  the  almost  insuperable  difficulties  before  the  home 
authorities  at  almost  every  point.  Not  the  soldiers  alone 
suffered ;  their  absence  from  the  work  so  strenuously  demanded 
in  a  new  country  of  course  demanded  of  their  families  exces- 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

sive  labor  and  the  loss  of  absolutely  needed  comforts  in  very 
many  cases ;  and  still  farther,  the  power  of  production  was 
so  much  lessened  that  the  provincial  governments  often  knew 
not  how  to  find  the  money  imperatively  demanded.  Of  course 
money  rapidly  disappeared,  and,  as  is  always  the  case  under 
such  conditions,  the  paper  currency  began  to  depreciate  in 
value,  making  necessary  a  constantly  increasing  issue,  with 
a  resultant  still  more  rapid  depreciation,  the  lawful  currency 
falling  from  nearly  its  full  face  value  at  the  beginning  of 
1777  to  only  one  hundred  and  twentieth  of  that  value  at  the 
middle  of  1781. 

Supplies  for  the  army  were  levied  in  kind,  and  in  1781 
each  town  in  the  state  was  assessed  a  designated  weight  of 
beef  for  the  support  of  the  army,  of  which  assessment  New 
Ipswich  was  required  to  provide  about  one-eightieth  part, 
which  was  17,164  pounds.  Another  necessity,  according  to 
the  ideas  of  that  period,  and  especially  for  men  working 
severely  or  especially  exposed,  was  a  supply  of  rum,  and  of 
this  the  town  was  called  upon  to  find  122  gallons.  Under 
such  conditions  it  is  no  cause  for  wonder  to  read  in  the  New 
Ipswich  town  record  the  record  of  action  taken  in  January, 
1782,  when  it  was  "Voted  that  the  Selectmen  shall  procure 
clothing  for  the  former  Continental  Soldiers,  if  they  can."  As 
the  chairman  of  the  selectmen  that  year,  however,  was  Deacon 
Adams  before  mentioned,  it  may  probably  be  assumed  with 
safety  that  the  selectmen  could  do  it.  The  incident  related 
on  a  later  page,  in  the  Locke  genealogy,  illustrates  the  exer- 
tions that  were  made  to  meet  the  necessities  of  the  times. 

Through  this  period  of  intense  stress,  when  often  the  issue 
of  the  strife  must  necessarily  have  seemed  doubtful,  if  not 
hopeless,  to  the  Americans,  New  Ipswich  kept  steadily  on, 
supplying  about  one-eightieth  of  whatever  men  or  money  or 
supplies  were  the  part  of  New  Hampshire.  Evidently  as  the 
expectations  of  early  success,  born  while  the  untrained  Pro- 
vincials pursued  the  fleeing  troops  from  Concord  to  refuge  in 
Boston,  faded  and  it  became  recognized  that  the  war  could 
not  be  carried  on  by  a  series  of  brief  enlistments  in  response 
to  some  special  peril,  the  question  of  recruits  took  precedence 
with  a  multitude  of  financial  problems  almost  insoluble.  At 
first  enlistments  were  abundant  without  the  payment  of 
bounty  or  with  a  small  one  of  perhaps  £2,  designed  probably 
to  meet  any  little  expenses  due  to  the  sudden  change  of  life. 


Bounties  and  Pay 

But  before  the  year  1776  had  passed  the  state  offered  a  bounty 
of  £20,  although  its  value  ere  long  was  somewhat  diminished 
by  its  payment  being  deferred  for  four  years  during  which  it 
was  to  draw  interest  at  six  per  cent.  But  the  necessity  of 
an  increased  inducement  became  evident,  and  many  devices 
were  employed  to  enable  the  town  to  meet  the  requirements. 
New  Ipswich  secured  the  twelve  recruits  sent  in  response  to 
the  call  in  February,  1781,  by  dividing  the  town  into  twelve 
classes,  each  of  which  was  to  furnish  one  soldier  by  such 
means  as  might  be  found  most  expedient.  The  town  records 
contain  receipts  for  bounties  signed  by  most  of  the  men  pre- 
viously named  as  sent  on  the  call  of  April,  1777,  and  a  few 
others  not  found  in  that  list,  each  of  whom  seems  to  have 
received  £20,  although  at  that  time  the  bounty  for  a  three- 
months  man  was  apparently  £30.  The  next  year  the  names 
are  recorded  of  nineteen  citizens  headed  by  the  pastor.  Rev. 
Stephen  Farrar,  who  had  subscribed  the  sum  of  £118  for 
the  purpose  of  hiring  soldiers. 

As  the  pressure  became  more  stringent  the  bounty  rose 
to  £40,  £50,  £60,  £70,  and  probably  if  search  were  made 
in  the  right  place,  still  higher  rates  might  be  found. 

The  rate  of  pay  promised  to  the  soldiers,  which  at  first 
ranged  from  £12  per  month  for  a  captain  to  £2  for  a  private, 
gradually  rose,  although  only  for  privates  and  non- 
commissioned officers  at  first,  but  the  usual  rate  for  privates, 
although  not  entirely  uniform,  was  apparently  about  £3  per 
month  in  1776,  £4  in  1777,  and  £5  in  1778.  But  now  the 
pound  which  in  lawful  paper  currency  was  at  the  beginning 
of  1778  worth  a  little  more  than  six  silver  shillings,  sank  so 
rapidly  that  at  the  close  of  1779  its  purchasing  value  was 
little  more  than  ten  pence,  so  that  the  rise  of  pay  in  some 
regiments  even  as  high  as  £12  per  month  really  relieved  the 
severity  of  the  soldier's  condition  very  slightly.  Evidently 
this  could  not  continue  without  absolute  ruin,  and  payrolls 
of  the  next  year  show  an  effort  to  remedy  the  injustice,  the 
sum  due  to  each  soldier  being  multiplied  in  one  case  by  67, 
and  the  product  placed  to  his  credit.  And  very  soon  rolls 
were  made  out  known  as  "depreciation  rolls"  in  which  the 
attempt  was  made  to  transfer  the  loss  from  the  soldier  to 
the  authority  which  had  promised  to  pay  him  a  certain  sum. 

But  the  immense  amounts  resulting  from  this  process  in 
many  cases  could  not  be  found ;  the  "times  were  hard"  to  an 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

extent  never  seen  by  the  people  of  New  Ipswich  at  any  earlier 
or  later  date.  In  many  cases  the  government  was  unable  to 
supply  rations,  as  is  shown  by  records  now  on  file  in  which 
against  each  soldier's  name  is  placed  not  merely  his  wages, 
earned  and  promised,  but  remaining  unpaid,  but  also  the  num- 
ber of  rations,  often  larger  than  the  number  received,  for 
each  of  which  he  was  to  receive  the  sum  of  eight  pence. 

A  consideration  of  these  facts  may  perhaps  lead  to  the  con- 
clusion that  even  though  the  risk  of  sudden  death  or  cruel 
mutilation  was  less  in  wars  of  the  eighteenth  century  than 
in  those  that  have  followed,  it  does  not  follow  that  the  men 
of  those  days  were  less  worthy  of  respect  for  their  bravery 
in  war.  They  fought  and  conquered  against  fearful  odds,  and 
as  has  been  said  earlier,  their  courage  was  maintained  under 
conditions  in  which  they  had  little  support  from  the  excite- 
ment of  personal  combat.  Of  course  it  could  not  be  expected 
that  New  Ipswich  in  a  period  of  revolt  against  constituted 
authorities  as  audacious  as  the  American  purpose  appeared 
to  be,  should  have  had  no  citizens  who  hesitated,  or  perhaps 
refused  to  enter  into  or  approve  the  movement.  Nor  is  it  at 
all  at  variance  with  the  lesson  taught  by  all  such  uprisings 
that  some  of  the  most  influential  and  prominent  citizens 
should  have  been  in  this  conservative  class,  which  has  been 
designated  by  the  offensive  term  "tories."  It  is  now  generally 
recognized  that  even  though  the  sturdy  resistance  to  the  pur- 
poses and  efforts  of  men  like  Robert  E.  Lee  and  "Stonewall" 
Jackson  was  a  national  duty,  and  the  overthrow  of  their  forces 
an  ethical,  as  well  as  political  necessity,  none  the  less  they 
were  moved  by  a  sense  of  duty ;  and  it  should  also  be  recog- 
nized that  the  more  or  less  positive  "tories"  of  New  Ipswich 
were  not  necessarily  bad  men,  even  though  they  must  be 
considered  to  have  been  at  that  time  bad  citizens.  Probably 
they  believed  the  Revolutionary  movement,  a  defiance  of  a 
nation  believed  to  be  the  strongest  of  the  world,  by  a  handful 
of  scattered  colonists,  to  be  utterly  hopeless  and  certain  to 
make  any  conditions  which  furnished  ground  for  complaint 
much  worse. 

Further,  some  of  them  held  offices,  and  had  long  felt  the 
support  of  the  enacted  laws  against  popular  feeling  to  be  their 
duty,  and  the  natural  result  followed.  Fortunately,  however, 
this  conservative  element  among  the  leading  citizens  of  the 
town  did  not  hold  the  "tory"  principles  so  aggressively  that 


New  Ipswich  Tories 

very  serious  results  ensued,  although  temporarily  the  names 
of  Barrett,  Champney,  and  Kidder  were  not  held  with  what 
seems  to  the  present  time  the  excessive  respect,  almost  rever- 
ence, that  those  days  accorded  to  the  leading  families. 

But  the  town  records  show  that  on  May  22,  1775,  the  po- 
sition of  the  head  of  one  of  these  families  was  considered,  and 
it  was  "Voted  that  Charles  Barret  be  not  confined  also  that 
his  plans  and  Principles  are  Notwithstanding  Erroneous."  It 
is  not  entirely  easy  to  determine  the  relation  between  this 
action  and  the  fact  that  the  name  Charles  Barrett  is  on  the 
roll  of  the  men  who  had  marched  only  a  month  before  in 
response  to  the  Concord  alarm,  although  he  is  credited  on 
that  roll  with  only  one  day's  service,  a  shorter  period  than  that 
of  any  other  of  the  ninety-seven  names  on  the  roll.  Possibly 
his  speedy  return  was  a  potent  cause  of  the  town's  attention 
to  his  case.  But  whatever  stress  may  have  come  in  those 
days  upon  the  bonds  of  town  fellowship,  they  were  not  broken, 
and  he  is  found,  no  later  than  in  1787,  to  have  been  con- 
sidered a  sufficiently  loyal  American  to  represent  the  town 
in  the  legislature,  which  position  he  held  continuously  during 
seven  years  and  also  by  two  isolated  elections  afterward. 

Judge  Ebenezer  Champney  is  said  by  his  biographer  in  the 
former  town  history  to  have  been  "a  moderate  tory,  and  dep- 
recating a  resort  to  arms,  believed  that  with  wise  and  pru- 
dent counsels  all  causes  of  disaffection  might  be  satisfactorily 
adjusted.  He  wished  to  preserve  his  loyalty  and  the  peace 
of  the  country;  but  like  many  others  who  forebore  to  take 
part  in  the  contest,  he  lived  to  acknowledge  the  beneficent 
effects  of  that  struggle  which  gave  us  our  liberties  and  free 

There  were  several  potent  conditions  tending  to  hold  Col. 
Reuben  Kidder  from  joining  the  provincial  cause.  His  mili- 
tary position,  his  commission  as  "His  Majesty's  Justice  of  the 
Peace,"  and  his  large  estates,  all  of  course  acted  against  any 
bias  of  his  judgment  in  that  direction.  He  is  said  to  have 
"always  expressed  his  opinions  freely  as  averse  to  the  war, 
and  therefore  must  have  been  extremely  unpopular,  still  the 
respectability  of  his  character  seems  to  have  preserved  him 
from  any  of  the  annoyances  which  many  of  the  loyalists  of 
that  day  had  to  encounter."  Tradition,  however,  gives  one 
incident  which  forms  a  slight  exception  to  what  was  doubt- 
less the  general  truth  of  the  last  statement.     It  is  told  how 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

a  soldier  returning  home  from  his  term  of  service  stopped 
over  night  at  the  Colonel's  inn,  and  relating  his  experiences 
to  an  admiring  group,  referred  to  General  Washington  in 
terms  which  chanced  to  be  especially  offensive  to  his  host, 
who  responded  with  a  very  emphatic  execration  upon  the 
leader  of  the  rebels,  and  received  a  reply  in  the  form  of  a 
clenched  fist.  The  Colonel  was  said  to  have  arisen  from  his 
hearthstone  and  maintained  a  discreet  silence. 

It  cannot  be  doubted,  however,  that  less  prominent  loyal- 
ists were  more  emphatically  admonished  of  the  error  of  their 
ways  than  those  who  had  long  been  recognized  as  able  and 
worthy  leaders  of  the  town,  but  with  later  years  their  stories 
have  passed  into  oblivion.  The  former  town  history  pre- 
serves the  record  of  one  case  which  was  probably  especially 
obnoxious  to  the  town.  It  chanced  that  a  deserter  from  the 
British  forces  was  captured  in  New  Ipswich,  and  before  being 
returned  to  Boston  was  confined  for  a  short  time  at  the  tavern 
of  Jonathan  Dix,  then  standing  on  the  site  now  held  by  the 
house  occupied  for  more  than  forty  years  by  Rev.  Samuel 
Lee.  The  popular  disapproval  of  the  tavern-keeper's  part  in 
that  incident  was  expressed,  not  only  by  hanging  him  in 
eftigy,  but  also  by  other  methods  of  annoyance,  some  of  which 
probably  would  hardly  bear  relation  in  detail,  so  annoying 
that  he  soon  left  the  town  and  the  country;  and  his  property 
in  due  time  was  confiscated  to  the  state. 

The  former  history  names  one  member  of  Capt.  Towne's 
company  whose  fears  amid  the  shot  which  greeted  them  be- 
fore their  ascent  of  Bunker  Hill  were  sufficient  to  overcome 
not  only  whatever  patriotism  may  have  prompted  his  enlist- 
ment, but  also  the  personal  pride  which  had  been  manifested 
by  abundant  boasts  before  reaching  the  line  of  danger,  and 
on  the  plea  of  sickness  he  sought  release  from  duty,  and  also 
some  one  to  accompany  him.  The  first  part  of  his  request 
was  granted,  but  the  courage  to  go  alone  was  supplied  by 
Capt.  Towne's  threat  that  "if  he  did  not  instantly  scamper 
he  would  run  him  through,"  and  the  induced  activity  was 
sufficient  to  give  rise  to  the  tradition  that  he  never  stopped 
running  till  he  reached  home.  If  this  was  really  the  case,  his 
rapid  departure  from  the  region  of  peril  must  have  been  of 
considerably  greater  length  than  the  fifty  miles  intervening 
between  Charlestown  and  New  Ipswich,  as  the  company  roll 
gives  Washington  as  the  home  of  Peter  Lowell,  and  thus  no 
stigma  rests  upon  New  Ipswich. 


Committees   of  Correspondence 

The  former  history  also  names  one  soldier  who  traitor- 
ously deserted  from  his  company,  went  over  to  the  British, 
and  was  included  in  the  proscribing-  act  of  1778,  with  the 
penalty  of  death  if  he  returned.  The  latter  part  of  this  story 
of  course  must  have  rested  upon  the  record,  but,  as  the  name 
of  Daniel  Farnsworth  does  not  appear  on  any  of  the  3500 
pages  of  company  rolls  and  other  Revolutionary  documents, 
supposed  to  include  all  that  have  been  found,  the  question 
unavoidably  arises  whether  he  really  broke  the  soldier's 
pledged  faith,  or  was  only  one  of  the  tories  who  by  some  act 
more  offensive  than  that  of  most  of  his  fellow  loyalists  brought 
his  name,  like  that  of  Jonathan  Dix,  upon  the  roll  of  proscrip- 

There  is  much  of  interest  that  might  be  drawn  from  the 
town  records  suggesting  the  caution  and  discretion  with  which 
the  questions  arising  amid  the  difficulties  which  were  ever 
demanding  resolute  decisions  were  considered.  Conclusions 
were  sometimes  reached  which  now  seem  to  have  been  errone- 
ous, but  the  marvel  of  the  record  is  that,  walking  in  a  path 
so  nearly  untrodden,  the  leaders  of  the  town  should  have 
decided  so  wisely  as  the  result  proves  that  they  did. 

The  device  adopted  by  the  colonies  at  the  time  when  it 
was  sought  to  deprive  them  of  such  measure  of  self- 
government  as  they  had  previously  been  granted  was  the  or- 
ganization of  the  town  and  state  "Committees  of  Correspon- 
dence," called  sometimes  by  other  names  but  practically  the 
same  in  effect,  with  powers  so  undefined  as  to  be  capable  of 
almost  instantaneous  abridgement  or  expansion,  as  the  con- 
dition required.  This  has  been  regarded  with  wonder  and 
admiration  by  students  of  history  because  of  its  general  es- 
cape from  the  errors  of  action  the  probabilities  of  which  nec- 
essarily inhere  in  such  form  of  control,  and  especially  at  the 
successful  and  peaceful  passage  from  this  temporary  and  un- 
lawful expedient  to  a  formal  government  fitted  to  endure. 

Those  things  could  not  have  been  but  for  the  wonderfully 
balanced  powers  of  perception  and  of  judgment  developed  by 
the  severe  but  most  instructive  experience  of  the  Pilgrim  and 
the  Puritan  settlers  whose  children  guided  the  early  steps  of 
the  colonies.  The  consideration  of  the  story  of  the  part  borne 
by  New  Ipswich  in  this  struggle  which  marked  an  epoch  in 
the  world's  history  must  not  close  without  naming  the  men  of 
the  town  who  did  the  work  of  these  committees  within  its 
bounds,  as  written  in  the  town  records. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

March  13,  1775.  "Chose  as  Committee  of  Correspondence 
and  inspection  Ephraim  Adams,  Joseph  Bates,  Josiah  Brown, 
Isaac  How,  John  Breed,  William  Shattuck,  Eleazer  Cum- 
mings,  Edmond  Briant,  Benj.  Knowlton." 

May  29,  1775.  "Nathaniel  Stone  was  substituted  in  place 
of  Josiah  Brown  and  the  Committee  was  made  a  Committee 
of  Safety." 

Oct.  27,  1775.  "Chose  a  new  Committee  of  Inspection, 
Safety  and  Correspondence.  Chose  Ephraim  Adams,  Paul 
Prichard,  Peter  Fletcher,  Samuel  Whittemore,  Joseph  Bates." 

Mar.  11,  1776.  "Chose  as  Committee  of  Inspection,  Safety 
and  Correspondence, — Josiah  Brown,  James  Chandler,  Benja- 
min Gibbs,  Thomas  Brown,  Josiah  Walton." 

July  8,  1776.  "Samuel  Bartlett  was  substituted  in  place 
of  Thomas  Brown." 

Mar.  10,  1777.  "Chose  as  new  Committee  of  Inspection 
Safety  and  Correspondence, — Thomas  Heald,  Nathaniel 
Stone,  Benjamin  Hoar,  Isaac  Appleton,  Ephraim  Adams." 

Mar.  9,  1778.  "Chose  as  Committee  of  Safety, — Samuel 
Whittemore,  Francis  Fletcher,  Josiah  Brown,  Paul  Prichard, 
Benjamin  Williams." 

Mar.  8,  1779.  "Chose  as  Committee  of  Safety, — Jonathan 
Davis,  Benjamin  Adams,  Thomas  Heald,  Josiah  Walton, 
Thomas  Brown." 



THE  CIVIL  WAR— 1861-65 

I  ^HE  patriotic  spirit  which  had  been  shown  so  abundantly 
-*-  in  the  Revolutionary  War,  and  continued  through  the  War 
of  1812,  became  strongly  tinged  with  opposition  to  slavery. 
This  intense  feeling  was  evinced  by  the  long  dispute  through- 
out the  country  which  culminated  in  the  Missouri  Compro- 
mise. New  Ipswich  was  ever  at  the  front  in  all  that  had  to 
do  with  liberty  of  act  or  thought  or  person.  Later  in  the 
earlier  half  of  the  nineteenth  century  this  feeling  was  shown, 
though  in  a  less  obtrusive  way,  by  Anti-Slavery  and  Aboli- 
tion societies.  Thus  it  was  ready  to  be  aroused  to  new  life 
by  the  outbreaking  of  the  Civil  War  in  April,  1861.  Public 
spirit  was  at  white  heat. 

A  special  town  meeting  was  called  May  1,  1861,  "to  see 
if  the  town  will  vote  to  appropriate  such  sum  or  sums  of 
money  as  will  be  necessary  to  arm  and  equip  such  persons  as 
enlist  from  the  town  of  New  Ipswich  for  the  defence  of  our 
country  in  the  present  crisis."  At  this  meeting  no  definite 
action  was  taken,  but  another  meeting  was  called  to  meet 
on  May  21,  with  a  broader  outlook.  Three  articles  with 
very  practical  points  were  offered : 

"To  see  if  the  Town  will  raise  money  or  authorize  the 
selectmen  to  borrow  money  to  arm  and  equip  a  voluntary 
company,  and  to  provide  uniforms  for  the  same." 

"To  see  if  the  Town  will  take  measures  to  provide  for 
the  families  of  such  persons  as  may  be  called  into  actual 

"To  adopt  any  other  measures  which  may  be  deemed 
proper  to  aid  in  quelling  Rebellion,  arresting  traitors,  if  un- 
fortunately any  should  be  found  in  our  vicinity,  and  provide 
such  sums  of  money  as  may  be  necessary  to  accomplish  the 

At  the  meeting  three  resolutions  were  adopted : 

"Resolved,  that  a  sum  not  exceeding  five  hundred  dollars  be  raised 
by  the  town  for  the  purchase  of  materials  for  a  uniform  for  the  Military 
Company  now  formed  in  town  and  that  the  selectmen  be  instructed  to 
assess  the   same  upon   the  polls   and  taxable  estate  in   the  town.     The 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

cost  of  each  uniform  to  the  town  not  to  exceed  the  sum  of  ten  dollars, 
and  the  property  in  the  uniforms  to  be  vested  in  the  town,  said  uniforms 
to  be  loaned  by  the  town  to  the  company,  as  long  as  they  shall  be  or- 
ganized and  shall  perform  military  duty." 

"Resolved  that  the  selectmen  be  instructed  to  render  aid  to  the  families 
of  such  residents  of  this  town  that  have  enlisted  in  this  state  or  any 
other,  or  that  may  enlist  for  the  term  of  three  years,  or  the  war,  and 
be  actually  called  into  service  by  the  Authority  of  this  State  as  may 
from  time  to  time  be  necessary,  and  that  a  sum  not  exceeding  two 
thousand  dollars  be  raised  for  that  purpose  to  be  assessed  upon  the 
polls  and  taxable  estates,  whenever  such  sum  or  any  part  of  it  may 
become  necessary." 

"Resolved  that  a  Committee  of  five  be  appointed,  whose  duty  it 
shall  be  rigorously  to  prosecute  any  person  or  persons  who  may  be 
deemed  by  them  guilty  of  Treason  to  our  Country  in  this  hour  of  peril, 
and  that  the  sum  of  one  hundred  dollars  be  appropriated  to  pay  necessary 
expenses.  No  part  of  said  sum  however  to  be  received  by  said  Com- 
mittee for  their  own  services,  and  all  bills  to  be  approved  by  the 

The  committee  appointed  by  the  moderator,  Hosea  Eaton, 
and  accepted  by  vote  of  the  town,  was  John  Preston,  Nathan 
Sanders,  William  Prichard,  James  Chandler,  John  U.  Davis. 

Another  town  meeting  on  October  31  was  called  "To  see 
if  the  town  will  vote  to  raise  money  to  aid  the  families  of 
volunteers  agreeable  to  Chapter  248  of  the  Pamphlet  Laws 
passed  June  session  1861  or  anything  relating  thereto." 

At  this  meeting  "The  following  resolution  offered  by  John 
Preston  Esquire  was  passed  unanimously.  Resolved  that  the 
selectmen  be  authorized  to  borrow  on  the  credit  of  the  town 
from  time  to  time  such  sums  as  may  be  necessary  to  pay 
to  the  full  extent  authorized  by  law  the  families  of  soldiers, 
and  that  in  so  doing  they  give  the  most  liberal  construction 
of  the  law  in  deciding  upon  those  entitled  to  relief." 

No  war  action  was  taken  at  the  annual  meeting  of  1862, 
but  on  August  12  the  town  was  called  upon  to  say  "what 
the  town  will  do  in  relation  to  paying  a  bounty  to  volunteers 
should  any  hereafter  be  called  for  to  fill  up  the  quota  from 
this  town  for  the  present  war,"  and  it  was  voted  "That  a 
bounty  of  one  hundred  dollars  be  paid  by  the  town  to  every 
volunteer  who  shall  be  accepted  and  mustered  into  the  service 
of  the  United  States  for  the  term  of  three  years  or  during 
the  war  under  the  recent  call  of  the  President  for  three  hun- 
dred thousand  volunteers,  and  also  that  a  bounty  of  fifty 
dollars  be  paid  by  the  town  for  each  of  so  many  volunteers 
as  may  be  necessary  to  supply  the  quota  of  men   required 


Bounties  for  Volunteers 

for  service  for  the  term  of  nine  months,  and  that  the  select- 
men be  authorized  to  borrow  so  much  money  on  the  credit 
of  the  town  as  may  be  necessary  to  pay  all  such  persons 
who  may  be  accepted  and  mustered  into  the  service  of  the 
United  States,  under  the  said  requisition  of  the  President,  and 
also  that  the  families  of  those  who  volunteer  for  the  nine 
months  shall  have  the  same  aid  allowed  to  them  by  the  town 
as  is  now  allowed  to  the  three  years  men." 

Again  in  1863  the  annual  town  meeting-  took  no  action  in 
reference  to  the  war,  but  on  August  31  three  articles  were 
presented  for  the  consideration  of  a  special  meeting. 

"To  see  if  the  town  will  vote  to  pay  to  every  man  belonging 
to  New  Ipswich  who  may  be  drafted  under  the  law  of  the 
United  States  and  may  be  mustered  into  the  service  of  the 
United  States  or  to  any  Substitute  of  any  man  so  drafted  the 
sum  of  three  hundred  dollars  in  ten  days  after  such  drafted 
soldier  or  his  substitute  shall  be  mustered  into  such  service, 
and  also  furnish  aid  to  the  families  of  drafted  men  or  sub- 

"To  raise  money  by  a  loan  or  otherwise  to  pay  such  sums 
as  may  be  required  to  carry  into  efifect  the  provisions  of  the 
above  article  and  to  raise  any  committee  or  committees  nec- 

"To  see  if  the  town  will  vote  to  pay  a  bounty  of  one  hun- 
dred dollars  to  all  volunteers  from  New  Ipswich  who  are 
now  in  the  service  of  the  United  States  who  have  not  received 
a  town  bounty,  and  likewise  to  the  heirs  of  those  who  have 
died  in  the  service." 

To  the  first  question  the  town  replied  by  the  following 
resolution  offered  by  John  Preston,  Esq. 

"Resolved  that  the  town  will  pay  to  every  soldier  who  may 
be  drafted,  accepted  and  actually  mustered  into  the  service 
of  the  United  States  under  the  recent  conscription  law  of 
Congress  the  sum  of  three  hundred  dollars  in  ten  days  after 
said  drafted  soldiers  shall  have  been  mustered  into  said  ser- 
vice, and  also  that  the  town  will  pay  for  a  substitute  for  any 
such  man  so  drafted  a  sum  not  exceeding  three  hundred  dol- 
lars to  be  paid  when  such  substitute  shall  have  been  accepted 
and  been  mustered  into  said  service  ten  days." 

To  meet  the  second  one  it  was  "voted  that  the  selectmen 
be  a  committee  to  borrow  on  the  credit  of  the  town  so  much 
money  as  may  be  necessary  to  carry  out  the  provisions  of 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

the  above  act,  and  that  they  be  the  disbursing  committee." 
The  remaining  article  was  indefinitely  postponed. 

November  25,  1863,  the  problem  had  taken  the  form  pre- 
sented in  the  warrant  for  another  meeting:  "To  see  if  the 
town  will  raise  money  by  loan  or  otherwise  to  pay  a  bounty 
for  a  sufficient  number  of  volunteers  to  meet  the  requisition 
upon  the  town  under  the  recent  call  of  the  president  of  the 
United  States  for  three  hundred  thousand  volunteers  or  to 
take  any  miCasure  to  raise  a  sufficient  number  of  men  to 
avoid  the  necessity  of  a  draft  on  the  fifth  of  January  next." 

It  was  "resolved  that  the  town  treasurer  be  authorized  to 
borrow  on  the  credit  of  the  town  the  sum  of  seven  thousand 
two  hundred  dollars  to  pay  as  a  bounty  for  eighteen  volun- 
teers, the  number  of  men  required  of  the  town,  and  that  the 
treasurer  be  further  authorized  to  take  the  transfer  of  the 
said  volunteers  of  the  bounty  from  the  State  and  the  United 
States  and  to  collect  said  bounties  and  make  payment  of  the 
same  as  far  as  may  be  to  liquidate  said  town." 

This  action  was  taken  on  the  motion  of  Esquire  Preston, 
as  was  also  a  vote  of  thanks  to  "Hon.  Hosea  Eaton  for  his 
prompt  action  in  procuring  volunteers  to  the  number  re- 
quired  of   the   town." 

At  the  annual  meeting  in  March,  1864,  it  was  "voted  to 
pay  the  sum  of  three  hundred  dollars  to  all  veteran  volun- 
teers that  have  or  may  reenlist." 

On  August  4  the  town  met  the  question  of  filling  its 
"quota  for  five  thousand  soldiers  called  for  by  the  United 
States  18th  of  July  1864"  with  a  vote  "that  the  selectmen 
be  authorized  to  fill  the  quota  of  the  town  for  the  present 
call  for  troops,  and  also  be  authorized  to  borrow  on  the  credit 
of  the  town  such  sums  of  money,  not  exceeding  fifteen  thou- 
sand dollars,  as  may  be  necessary  for  that  purpose." 

The  condition  at  the  time  of  the  presidential  election  in 
the  following  November  and  the  frame  of  mind  at  that  time 
is  lecalled  by  an  article  in  the  warrant  for  that  meeting:  "To 
see  if  the  town  will  continue  to  pay  a  bounty  in  anticipation 
of  a  call  that  may  be  made  by  the  President  of  the  United 
States  for  soldiers,"  and  still  more  plainly  by  the  answer  of 
the  town  when  it  "voted  that  the  selectmen  be  authorized 
to  pay  bounty  for  soldiers,  the  amount  of  money  to  be  paid 
to  be  left  to  their  discretion." 

The  whole  amount  expended  by  the  town  as  given  in  the 


The  Sixth  and  Thirteenth 

"Report  of  the  Commissioners  upon  the  War  Expenditures 
of  the  towns  and  cities  in  the  State  of  New  Hampshire"  was 

Selectmen,  1861-65:  1861-62,  George  W.  Wheeler  2d, 
George  Whiting,  Sewell  O.  Chandler ;  1863,  John  U.  Davis ; 
George  C.  Campbell,  Charles  B.  Preston;  1864,  John  U.  Davis, 
George  C.  Campbell,  Emerson  Howe ;  1865,  Emerson  Howe, 
Reuben  Taylor,  Horace  Wheeler. 

Within  a  few  days  after  the  first  call  for  troops  a  squad 
of  men  were  drilled  on  the  common  near  the  church  twice  a 
week  by  Capt.  Jonas  Nutting  of  the  state  militia.  Capt. 
Nutting,  himself  past  middle  life,  was  one  of  the  first  to 
enlist  and  was  soon  followed  by  four  of  his  sons.  In  Novem- 
ber the  New  Ipswich  men  were  mustered  in  at  Keene.  De- 
cember 25,  the  Sixth  Regiment  New  Hampshire  Volunteers, 
for  which  New  Ipswich  furnished  twenty-three  men,  was 
ordered  to  Washington  and  began  the  soldier's  life,  which 
was  to  continue  for  three  years. 

"The  Regiment  during  its  term  of  service  in  seventeen 
different  states  was  in  21  engagements,  meeting  all  the  re- 
quisitions of  duty  however  onerous  or  perilous  with  cheerful 
and  ready  efficiency.  While  it  is  not  asserted  that  the  Sixth 
was  the  best  regiment  sent  out  from  New  Hampshire  the 
claim  may  be  made,  and  can  be  maintained,  that  it  was  equal 
to  the  best.  Its  record  has  added  a  brilliant  chapter  to  the 
history  of  New  Hampshire's  always  glorious  achievements 
in  war."  (Revised  Register  of  the  Soldiers  and  Sailors  of  Nezv 
Hampshire  in  the  War  of  the  Rebellion,  1861-66.  A.  D.  Ayling, 
Adjutant  General.) 

New  Ipswich  was  also  specially  interested  in  the  Thirteenth 
Regiment,  as  nineteen  of  her  men  were  in  the  ranks,  having 
been  enrolled  in  October,  1861.  The  regiment  was  in  "more 
than  twenty  engagements,  beside  days  and  days  of  skirmish- 

It  had  the  proud  distinction  of  being  the  first  Union  regi- 
ment and  its  flags  the  first  flags  of  the  Union  army  to  enter 
Richmond  on  its  occupation  April  3,  1865.  "At  once  the 
Brigade  was  engaged  in  restoring  order,  putting  out  fires  and 
gathering  into  Libby  prison  more  than  two  thousand  soldiers 
of  Lee's  army."  Later  in  May  it  had  the  honor  to  receive 
Gen.  Sherman's  army  as  it  passed  through  Richmond.  "Its 
character  for  efficiency,  patriotism,  intelligence,  bravery,  and 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

trustworthiness  made  it  surely  one  of  the  nation's  most  prom- 
inent historic  Regiments."     (Ayling.) 

Meantime  the  women  of  New  Ipswich  were  bravely  doing 
their  part.  A  Soldier's  Aid  Society  was  organized  in  October, 
1861,  and  carried  on  its  work  with  vigor  and  enthusiasm.  To 
the  army  in  the  field  were  sent  woolen  garments,  stockings, 
"comfort  bags" — more  than  five  hundred — and  in  large 
amount  dried  apples  and  other  fruits.  To  the  hospitals  were 
sent  pillows,  dressing-gowns,  lint,  bandages,  cordials,  and  all 
that  could  be  found  in  a  New  England  home  for  the  comfort 
of  an  invalid.  To  all  were  sent  newspapers  and  writing  ma- 
terials. If  sometimes  a  letter  was  added  to  a  package  the 
recipient  thought  himself  specially  fortunate.  House  mothers 
gave  until  only  enough  was  left  of  their  treasured  supplies  to 
meet  the  needs  of  their  own  households.  It  must  be  remem- 
bered that  supplies  of  all  kinds  were  held  at  fabulous  prices ; 
that  stockings  and  nearly  all  garments  were  made  by  hand, 
bandages  rolled,  and  lint  scraped  in  the  same  way;  but  the 
hearts  of  the  workers  were  warm  and  for  four  years  they  lived 
at  high  pressure. 

At  length,  after  four  years  of  strife  and  sufferings  in  camp 
and  on  the  field,  four  years  of  wearisome  suspense  and  fear  in 
the  homes  of  all  the  land,  the  struggle  was  ended.  Lee  had 
surrendered,  and  there  was  jubilant  rejoicing  in  this  quiet,  lit- 
tle village  ;  ringing  of  bells,  firing  of  cannon,  illuminations,  con- 
gratulations of  all  who  met  in  the  street.  The  day  was  given 
up  to  varied  expression  of  joy.  That  was  Monday,  April  10; 
Saturday,  April  15,  President  Lincoln  died  and  joy  was  changed 
to  bitter  sorrow.  On  the  Sabbath  the  church  was  draped  with 
black.  Mr.  Cutler,  the  young  pastor,  in  the  church  service 
voiced  the  griefs  of  all  hearts. 

After  the  close  of  the  war  the  wants  of  the  Freedmen — so 
helpless  in  their  sudden  release  from  the  care  as  well  as  the 
bondage  of  their  masters — appealed  the  more  to  the  people  of 
the  North,  since  the  conquered  South  was  unable  to  care  for 
them,  and  for  years  relief  was  given  until  help  could  be  ren- 
dered by  organized  charities.  By  the  payment  of  $200  a  year 
New  Ipswich  for  three  years  supported  a  teacher  for  the 

Prices  During  the  Civil  War. — From  an  expense  book, 
1862-65,  we  quote  these  prices,  most  of  them  in  the  hand- 
writing of  William  W.  Johnson:  Meal  (bag),  $3.90;  sugar 
(pound),    30    cents;    molasses    (gallon),    $1,C)0;    kerosene    oil 




Thk  Soldiers'  Monument 

The  Union  League 

(gallon),  $1.10;  nutmeg-s  (pound),  $2.00;  butter  (pound),  50 
cents;  cotton  cloth,  unbleached  (yard),  $1.00;  gold,  $2,855/2. 
In  Boston  flour  by  the  carload  was  sold  per  barrel  $25.00. 

During  the  Civil  War  there  were  in  the  Northern  States 
many  sympathizers  with  the  South  who  used  all  their  power 
and  influence  to  have  the  Confederacy  recognized  by  foreign 
powers.  To  counteract  the  efifect  of  this  party  the  Union 
League  was  organized.  It  included  patriotic  men  who  for  age 
or  any  other  reason  were  unable  to  go  to  the  front,  but  who 
by  every  means  in  their  power  bravely  upheld  the  cause  of 
Liberty  here  in  the  North.  A  branch  of  the  league  was  or- 
ganized in  New  Ipswich.  Its  work,  though  necessarily  quiet, 
was  effective  and  a  power  in  the  region.  Prof.  E.  T.  Quimby 
was  the  president  of  the  local  league  and  Prof.  C.  H.  Chandler 
held  some  office,  probably  that  of  secretary.  No  records  can 
be  found  which  give  any  clue  to  the  number  of  members. 

In  1878  a  soldiers'  monument  was  erected  on  the  Village 
Green  at  the  foot  of  the  Academy  campus.  Its  height  is 
twenty-two  feet  and  six  inches — a  simple  granite  shaft  above 
a  base  standing  four-square,  bearing  this  inscription  on  the 
north  side : 










ERECTED  1878 

The  following  names  are  inscribed  on  the  other  sides  of 
the  base. 

William   L.   Weston  Allen  A.  Nutting 

John  Pike  John  F.  Knowlton 

Abner  p.  Cragin  John  K.  Walker 

Warren  P.  Locke  Josiah  P.  Wheeler 

Walter  Ray  Warren  C.  Nicholas 

Patrick  Ready  Andrew  L.  Swallow 

John  P.  Shattuck  William  A.  Mansur 

Francis  Nutting  Albert  H.  Davis 

George  H.  Nutting  Edward  E.  Davis 
Charles  L.  Nutting 


History  of  New  Ipswich 



Appleton,  Eugene  F. 

Avery,  James  E.  .     . 

Baxter,   Albert   F.     . 

Blanchard,  Edwin  F.  . 

Blanchard,  Thomas  W 
Blood,  Luther  .    .    . 

Bolton,    Charles   L.   . 
Boodry,    Augustine    W 

Bucknam,   John    B. 
Carr,  Edward  J.  . 
Chamberlin,    Charles 
Chandler,  James  O. 

Cragin,  Abner  P.  . 

Davis,   Edward    E. 

Davis,  Albert  H.  .  .  . 
Donley,  Michael  P.  .    . 

Eddy,  John 

Edwards,  George  F.  . 
Fisher,    Albert    G.     .     . 

Fletcher,    Benjamin    M. 

Fowler,  Archibald  C.  . 
Fowler,  John  H.  .  .  . 
Freeman,   Sherwood  A. 

Frissel,  William  B.  .  . 
Fuller,  Andrew  C.  .  . 
Garland,   James     .     .     . 

Goulding,   Charles   H.   . 

Greenleaf,    Paul     .     .     . 


Dublin,  N.  H.  .     . 
Peterboro      .     .     . 
Central  Falls,  R.  I. 
New    Ipswich    .     . 

Groton,   Mass  . 

Paisley,  Scot.   . 
Pawtucket,  R.  I. 

New    Ipswich  . 

New    Ipswich  . 

Newbury       .  . 

Pittsfield  .     .  . 


Ashby,   Mass. 
Trim,  Ireland 

Northboro     . 
New    Ipswich 

Albany      .     . 

Madrid,  N.  Y. 

Thetford,  Vt. 
Ellsworth,  Me. 

Millbury,  Mass. 

Pittsfield  .     .     . 

















New    Ipswich 


Aug.  15,  1862 

Aug.  14,  1862 

May  15,  1861 

Aug.  26,  1864 

Aug.  20,  1862 

Aug.  16,  1862 

July  2,  1861 

Aug.  9,  1862 

Aug.  8,  1862 

Aug.  16,  1862 

July  25,  1862 

May  22,  1861 

Aug.  12,  1862 

July,  1863 

Oct.    22.  1861 

Aug.    7,  1861 

Sept.  24,  1861 

Nov.   18,  1861 

Oct.     2,  1861 

Aug.   15,  1862 

Sept.  29,  1862 

Sept.  29,  1862 

Aug.  20,  1862 

Nov.  14,  1861 

Aug.  9.  1862 

Oct.  19,  1861 

May  24,  1861 

Oct.    17,  1861 


New  Ipswich  Soldiers 




13  N.  H.  Inf.,  G 

13   N.   H.   Inf.,  G 

2   N.   H.   Inf.,  G 

4  Mass.  H.  Art.  H 

13  N.  H.  Inf.,  G 
13  N.    H.   Inf.,   G 

17  Mass.  Inf.  H 
13   N.   H.   Inf.,   G 

9  N.  H.  Inf.,   I 

13  N.  H.  Inf.,   I 

9  N.  H.  Inf.,  D 

2  N.  H.  Inf.,   I 

13  N.   H.  Inf.,  G 

1  Minn.    Inf.,    F 

6  N.   H.  Inf.,  K 

3  N.    H.   Inf.,   E 

4  N.    H.    Inf. 

3  Mass.  Cav.,  M 

2  U.  S.  Sh.  Shooters 

13   N.   H.   Inf.,   G 

47  Mass.  Inf.,  F 
47  Mass.  Inf.,  F 
13   N.    H.   Inf.,  G 

6  N.   H.  Inf.,  K 

13  N.   H.   Inf.,  G 

6  N.  H.  Inf.,  K 

2  N.   H.   Inf.,  G 

6  N.   H.  Inf.,  K 


Discharged  disabled  May  5, 

Discharged  disabled  Feb.  28, 

Wounded  and  missing  at  Get- 
tysburg July  2,    1863. 

Wound,  sev.  at  Fort  Harrison, 
Va.,  Sept.  29,  1864. 

Wound.  Mar.  8,  1865.  Disc, 
for  wounds  Dec.  22,   1865. 

Wound,  sev.  at  Cold  Harbor, 
Va.,  June  7,  1864. 

Died  of  disease,  Falmouth,  Va. 
Discharged    disabled    May    28, 

Discharged    disabled"    May    26, 

Died    at    Fortress    Monroe    of 

wounds    neglected    while    in 


Killed  at  Fredericksburg,  Va. 
Capt.  Co.  E,  Apr.  6,  1865  .     . 

Enlisted  as  Musician  .... 
Discharged  disabled  June,  1862. 
Discharged     disabled    June    6, 


Mar.   11,   1874 

Dec.    7,     1862 

Rank  When 



Afterwards  served  Co.  C,  1  H. 

Discharged   Nov.   28,    1864.     . 

Discharged    disabled    Jan.    23, 

Discharged    disabled    Aug.    8, 

Discharged     disabled     Oct.     4, 

Dec.    13,    1862 
May  31,   1910, 

at    Tilton 
Aug.    11,    1866 

Sept.   11,  1871 



1st  Lieut. 

1st  Sergt. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 



Hickoch,   Thomas   J.  . 

Hubbard,    John     .     .  . 

Hull,  Charles  H.  .     .  . 

Isaacs,  Charles  E.     .  . 

Judkins,  Samuel  E.  .  . 

Knowlton,  John  F.  .  . 

Knowlton,  William  R.  . 

LeRoy,   David  .     .     .  . 

Locke,    Warren    P.    .  . 
Mansfield,  Jonathan   N. 

Mansur,  WiUiam  E.  .  . 

Marvin,  James  H.     .  . 

McConnell,  Jonathan  . 

McDonald,  Michael  .  . 

Nicholas,  Warren  C.  . 

Nutting,  Charles  P.  .  . 

Nutting,  Charles  S.  .  . 

Nutting,  George  H.  .  . 

Nutting,  George  P.  .  • 

Nutting,  James  Francis 

Nutting,  John  C.  .  •  • 

Nutting,    Jonas      .  ■  • 

Nutting,   Allien    A.  .  . 

Oliver,    Lucius    C.  .  . 

Peavy,  Wallace  . 
Pike,  John  .  .  . 
Potter,  George  F. 

Pratt,   Charles   H. 
Pratt,   Daniel  F.   . 

Proctor,  Amos  J.  . 


Cambridgeport,  Mass. 


Lowell,  Mass.  .     .    . 

Plymouth,  Mich.  .     . 

New    Ipswich    .     .  . 

New    Ipswich    .     .  . 

Westboro,  Mass.  .  . 

New   York  City  .  . 

Temple     .     . 
Williston,  Vt. 
Paisley   Scot. 
Lowell,  Mass. 
New    Ipswich 
New  Ipswich 
New    Ipswich 

New    Ipswich    .  . 
Ashburnham,  Mass 

New   Ipswich   .  . 

Ashburnham,  Mass. 

Westford,   Mass  . 

New   Ipswich   .  . 

New    Ipswich   .  . 

Peterboro      .     .  . 

Haverhill,  Mass.  . 

New   Ipswich   .  . 

Marlboro       .     .  . 

Marlboro       .     .  . 

Stoddard       .     .  . 















































































































New  Ipswich  Soldiers 


Regt.                Co. 



Rank  When 

11   Mass.   Inf.,   K 

Missing  at  Bull  Run  Aug.  29, 

10   Mass.    Inf.,    K 

Appt.  Captain  Jan.  13,  1863.  . 

6  N.  H.  Inf.,  K 

Discharged    disabled    Jan.    13, 

Totally     blind     from     spotted 


2d  Lieut. 

6  N.  H.  Inf.,  K 

Discharged  Apr.   1,   1863.  .    . 

13  N.   H.  Inf.,  G 

Died    Newport    News.    .    .    . 

Mar.    4,    1863 

24  N.  H.  Inf.,  E 

6  N.   H.  Inf.,  K 

Musician,    discharged    disabled 
Jan.  21,  1863. 

32   Mass.   Inf.,   B 

Killed  at  Bethesda  Church,  Va. 

June    3,    1864 

6  N.  H.  Inf.,  K 

Killed   at   Petersburg,   Va.     . 

July    7,     1864 

6  N.  H.  Inf.,  K 

Died   from   wounds 

Sept.  25,  1862 

6  N.  H.  Inf.,  K 

Discharged  June  29,  1865.  .     . 

13   N.   H.   Inf.,  G 

3  Mass.  Cav.,  M 

Discharged  June  6,   1865.  .     . 

1st  Lieut. 

13  N.   H.  Inf.,  G 

Killed  at  Cold  Harbor,  Va.  . 

June     1,    1864 

4  N.   H.   Inf.,   C 

Discharged   Sept.  27,   1864.     . 

6  N.  H.  Inf.,  K 

Died  of   disease,   Roanoke   Is- 
land, N.  C. 

Mar.  29,   1862 

13  N.   H.  Inf.,  G 

Died  of  wounds,  Washington, 
D.  C. 

July    4,     1864 

3  N.   H.  Inf.,  E 

Appt.    1st    Sergeant    Oct.    11, 
1862.     Disch.    dis.    Mar.    11, 

Mar.  20,   1874 

6  N.   H.  Inf.,  K 

Died     of     disease,    Annapolis, 

Jan.    IS,    1862 

4   N.    H.   Inf.,   I 

Appt.  Sergeant. 

6  N.  H.  Inf.,  K 

Discharged   May   15,    1862.     . 

June  20,   1873 

1st  Lieut. 

2   Mass.   Inf.,   D 

Appt.    Sergeant.     Killed.    ,     . 

June    9,    1863 

13  N.   H.   Inf.,  G 

First    Lieut.    Co.    I,    Mar.    1, 
1865.     Mustered  out  June  1, 

1  N.  H.  Cav.  M 

Wounded      Nov.       12,       1864. 
Mustered  out  July  15,   1865. 

6  N.   H.  Inf.,  K 

Died    of    disease,    Winchester, 

Apr.    12,    1863 


16  Mass.   Inf.,   H 

Wounded  June   18,   1864.   .    . 

13  N.   H.   Inf.,  G 

Discharged   Sept.    18,    1865.     . 

13  N.  H.   Inf.,  G 

Discharged    disabled    Jan.    28, 


13  N.  H.   Inf.,  G 

Discharged    disabled    May    28, 


History  of  New  Ipswicli 



Ray,    Walter     .    .    . 

Reddy,  Patrick  .     .     . 
Robinson,  Charles   1st 

Saunders,  Edward  A. 

Shattuck,   George   W. 
Shattuck,  John   B.     . 
Sheldon,  Charles  B.  . 

Simons,  Willard  .  . 
Simpson,  James  .  . 
Smith,  Augustus  .     . 

Smith,   George  3rd   . 

Smith,  Gideon  H.  . 
Spear,  Joseph  A.  .  . 
Stratton,  Charles  H. 

Stratton,  James  S.  . 
Swallow,  Andrew  S. 
Tebbits,  George   B.   . 

Thayer,  Edward  A.  . 

Walker,  John  K.  .  . 
Walton,  Charles  .  . 
Weston,  William  L. 
Wheeler,  Josiah  P.  . 

Whitney,  John  H. 
Wilson,  George  W. 
Wilson,  William  H. 
Wright,  Albert  F. 

Wright,  Charles  A. 
Wright,   Edward  . 

Weston,    Frank 


Manchester,   Eng. 



Westburne,  N.  Y. 
New  Ipswich  .  . 
Temple     .     .     .     . 

Groton,  Mass.  . 
New  York  City 
Underbill,  Vt.  . 


Central  Falls,  R.  I. 
New    Ipswich    .     . 
New    Ipswich   .     . 

New    Ipswich    . 
Dunstable,  Mass. 
New    Ipswich    . 

New    Ipswich    . 

New    Ipswich   . 
Rindge      .     .     . 

Westminster,  Mass. 

Dudley,  Conn. 
New  Ipswich 
New  Ipswich 
Mason       .    . 

Mason       .     .     . 
Westford,  Mass. 

Nashua,  N.   H. 

















New  Ipswich 


Dec.    7,    1861 

Nov.   12, 
July   31, 



Nov.   12,   1861 

Oct.  21, 
Sept.  5, 
Dec.    3, 

Oct.  15, 
Nov.  12, 
Dec.   23, 



Nov.  10,  1863 

Dec.  16, 
Oct.  7, 


June,  1861 

Oct.  16,  1861 

Sept.  20,  1861 

Nov.  12,  1861 

July  12,  1861 

Oct.  14,  1861 

Nov.  12,  1861 

Aug.  29,  1861 

Aug.  9.  1862 

Sept.  13,  1862 

Aug.  13,  1862 

Nov.  12,  1861 

Nov.  12,  1861 

May  20,  1861 

Apr.  23,  1861 


New  Ipswich  Soldiers 


Rhgt.               Co. 



Rank  Whbn 

N.  H.  Cav.  M. 

Re-enlisted  Jan.  1,  1864;  killed, 
Lacy's  Springs,  Va., 

Dec.   26, 



6  N.   H.  Inf.,  K 

Died  of  disease,  Milldale,  Miss. 

July   30, 



3   N.    H.   Inf.,   E 

Discharged    disabled    Feb.    11, 

3  Mass.  Cav.,  M 

Discharged    disabled    June    16, 

6  N.  H.  Inf.,  K 

Discharged  Dec.  11,  1865.  .     . 

4    N.    H.    Inf.,    I 

Died    of    disease 

Aug.    9, 


N.   H.  Cav.  M 

Twice     captured.       Discharged 
June  14,   1865. 

6  N.    H.   Inf.,   K 

6  N.   H.   Inf.,   K 

Discharged  Jan.  31,   1863. 

N.  H.  Cav.,  M 

Captured.        Killed      Columbia 

Oct.     6, 



8  N.   H.  Inf.,  A 

In   prison   more   than    six   mo. 
Mustered   out   Oct.  28,    1865. 

N.  H.  Cav.,  M 

Mustered  out  July  15,  1865.  . 

1st  Serg. 

8   N.   H.   Inf.,   D 

25    Mass.    Inf.,    F 

Lost    leg    at    Roanoke    Island, 

but   served  through  the  war 

in  Vet.  Reserve  Corps. 

21    Mass.    Inf.,    G 

Killed  at  Antietam 

Sept.   17, 


6  N.  H.  Inf.,  K 

Died    of    disease 

July    4, 


5    N.    H.    Inf.,    I 

Discharged    disabled    Sept.    13, 

Apr.   24, 


3  Mass.  Cav.,  M 

Capt.  Co.  H,  1st  Lousiana  Cav. 
Resigned    Dec.    14,    1863. 




IS    Mass.    Inf.,    B 


Oct.    21, 


6  N.   H.  Inf.,  K 

Discharged  Mar.  4,   1863.  .     . 


3  Mass.  Cav.,  M 

Discharged  disabled  June,  1862. 


Accidentally     killed     on     cars 
while     a     prisoner     enroute 
from    Andersonville    to    Sa- 

Sept.   13, 


13   N.   H.   Inf.,  G 

Mustered  out  June  21,  1865.  . 


6  N.  H.  Inf.,  K 

Discharged  May  12,  1865.  .     . 

13  N.   H.   Inf.,  G 

Discharged   Sept.    18,    1865.     . 

6  N.   H.   Inf.,   K 

Discharged    disabled    Oct.    16, 

6  N.   H.   Inf.,   K 

Mustered  out  July  17,  1865.  . 



2  N.   H.  Inf.,  G 

Discharged    for    wounds    Oct. 
28,    1862.      Died    at    Rindge. 

Feb.    25, 


11    Mass.    Inf.,    E 

Disch.    June    24,     1864.      Cap- 
tured at  Malvern   Hill  July, 
1862.      In    Libby   prison,   pa- 
roled Aug.  7,  1862. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 



Aiken,  George  H.     . 

Aiken,  John  C.     .    . 

Ainsworth,    William    P 
Austin,   Albert   T.     . 

Baldwin,  Edwin  T.  . 

Boyce,  James  L.  .  . 
Brown,  Marshall  L.  . 
Chapman,   Charles     . 

Cragin,  Clark  .  .  . 
Emory,  George  E.  . 
Felt,  George  D.  .  . 
Fuller,  Granville  L.  . 
Hardy,    William    H.. 

Harvey,  Charles  L.  . 

Hildreth,   William   H. 
Joslin,  Charles  .     .     . 
Lawrence,  Charles  A. 

Lee,   Samuel  W.  .    .    . 
Livingstone,  Harrison  M. 

Matthews,  Frank  . 
Maxwell,  Henry  F. 

Preston,  George  P. 

Preston,    Seth    .     . 
Prichard,  George  H 

Stearns,  John  E.  . 

Tenney,  George  F. 

Tyler,  Humphrey  M 

Wheeler,  H.  B.     . 


New    Ipswich 




















Credited  to 

Amherst   . 

Milford     . 


Nashua     . 

Walpole  . 
Keene  .  . 
Dublin       . 

Lowell,  Mass 

Chesterfield  . 

Ashby,   Mass. 
Deering    .     . 
Nashua     .    . 

Chicago     .     . 
Mason       .     . 

Woburn,  Mass 

Jaffrey      .     . 



Hollis  .     . 

Milford     . 



Aug.  21,  1862 

Aug.  21,  1862 

Dec.    2,  1861 

Sept.  27,  1862 

June    4,  1861 

Nov.  21,  1862 

Nov.  12,  1861 

Aug.  23,  1862 

Oct.  8,  1861 

Dec.  5,  1861 

Apr.  30,  1861 

Oct.  1,  1861 

Oct.  15,  1861 

Aug.  29,  1861 

Aug.  26,  1864 

Aug.  29,  1861 

Sept.  30,  ISol 

Aug.,  1863 

Sept.  2,  1862 

Aug.  30,  1861 

Sept.  10,  1864 

Oct.  22,  1861 

Oct.  2,  1861 

Aug.  12,  1862 

Sept.  15,  1862 

Sept.  1,  1862 

Sept.  3,  1864 

Aug.  12,  1862 


New  Ipswich  Soldiers 






Rank  When 


10  N. 




Appointed    Hospital     Steward. 
Mustered  out  June  1,  1865. 

10  N. 




Twice  wounded.    Mustered  out 
June  7,  1865. 

1st  Serg. 





Killed  Fort  Royal,  Va.  .     .     . 

May  30,    1862 

16  N. 




Died  of  disease,  Fort  Hudson, 

Aug.    1,    1863 

1   N. 




Leader     of     Baldwin     Cornet 

16  N. 




Mustered  out  Aug.  20,  1863.  . 

Aug.  25,   1863 

6  N. 




Mustered  out  July  17,  1865.  . 

Asst.  Surgeon 

10  N. 




Discharged    disabled    Jan.    16, 

5  N. 




Mustered  out  Oct.  29,  1864.  . 

8  N. 




Mustered  out  Oct.  28,  1865.  . 

2  N. 




Died   of    wounds 

Nov.    6,    1862 

7  N. 




Mustered  out  July  20,   1865  . 

Jan.    18,    1869 

6  N. 




Discharged    disabled    June    2, 

2   N. 




Discharged    disabled    Nov.    29, 

4  Mass. 

H.  Art.  H 

Mustered  out  June  17,  1865.  . 

4  N. 




Discharged  Sept.   1,   1865.  .     . 

7  N. 




Twice    wounded.     Appt.    Capt. 
Co.  B,  Nov.  2,  1864. 

6     111. 



16  N. 




Appt.     Serg.       Mustered     out 
Aug.  20,   1863. 

4  N. 




Mustered  out  Aug.  23,  1865.  . 


11    M 




Mustered  out  June  4,   1865.   . 

6  N. 




Discharged      on      account      oi 
wounds  Jan.  26,   1863. 

8  N. 




Mustered  out  Oct.  28,  1865.  . 

Dec.    19,    1867 


11   N. 




Twice    wounded.      Discharged 
disabled  Oct.  25,  1864. 

Aug.   19,   1864 

16  N. 




Mustered  out  Aug.  20,  1863  . 

15   N. 




Discharged  Aug.  13,  1863.    Died 
at   Townsend. 

Aug.  27,   1863 

18  N. 




Mustered    out    June    10,    1865. 
Died  at  Togus. 

May  26,    1887 


13   N. 




Wounded.     Mustered  out  June 
22,  1865.     Died  at  Rindge. 

Feb.   28,    1884 





IVTEW  Ipswich  was  originally  settled  by  men  who  feared 
^  God  and  recognized  their  obligation  to  sustain  the  in- 
stitutions of  religion.  Previous  to  the  coming  of  the  settlers 
under  the  Massachusetts  Grant  men  were  sent  forward  "to 
erect  a  convenient  meeting  house,"  and  the  first  structure  of 
any  kind  reared  within  the  territory  of  the  town  was  for 
religious  worship.  The  Masonian  charter  (June  16,  1749) 
specified  that  the  Grantees  reserve  ten  acres  of  land  there, 
/'.  e.,  around  said  meeting-house.  "And  said  Grantees  shall 
within  seven  years  settle  a  learned  and  orthodox  minister  in 
said  township,  and  for  whom  suitable  provision  shall  be 

The  site  of  the  first  meeting-house  was  located  by  the 
son  of  Judge  Timothy  Farrar  at  the  time  of  the  church  cen- 
tennial (1860)  as  being  on  the  hill  east  of  the  Farrar  house 
"on  a  small  plat  ten  rods  S.  6°  30'  E.  from  the  highest  point 
on  the  hill."  This  building  was  burned  in  the  winter  of  1748. 
Among  the  papers  of  Prof.  Chandler  I  find  this  note  (authority 
not  given)  :  "The  meeting-house  stood  on  the  Farrar's  hill 
and  was  thirty  feet  square,  built  of  logs  being  nicely  hewn 
and  roofed  with  bark.  The  superior  elegance  of  this  temple 
excited  the  wonder  of  the  neighboring  towns." 

In  1752  the  town  voted  to  build  a  meeting-house,  and 
after  much  discussion  it  was  decided  to  place  it  on  "Lott  No. 
1  in  the  10th  Range."  Meantime,  (October,  1753,)  it  was 
voted  to  "meet  at  the  house  of  Joseph  Kidder  for  the  future," 
which  stood  on  the  site  of  the  house  now  occupied  by  Mrs. 
Frank  W.  Preston.  This  house  was  finished  in  February, 
1759.  At  once  it  was  voted  "to  seet  ye  meeting  house"  and 
a  committee  was  chosen  for  the  purpose.  As  seats  were  as- 
signed to  individuals  in  the  supposed  order  of  their  social 
standing,  it  would  seem  to  modern  estimate  that  there  would 
be  an  abundant  opportunity  for  criticism,  but  the  majesty  of 
the  law,  even  as  represented  by  a  committee  chosen  from  one's 
social  peers,  was  then  of  more  practical  power  than  at  the 
present  day. 


Rev.  Stephen  Farra^r 

While  waiting  for  an  abidingplace  the  town  had  sought 
to  find  a  minister  and  a  call  was  given  to  Mr.  Peter  Powers, 
which  he  did  not  accept.  Also  Mr.  Deliverance  Smith  declined 
to  settle  here,  although  it  was  voted  to  give  him  "53  pounds 
6  shillings  &  8  pence  Lawful  Silver  money  as  yearly  sallery 
if  he  settles  with  us  so  long  as  he  sustains  the  Carator  of  our 
Gospel  Minister." 

We  will  believe  that  a  kindly  Providence  prevented  these 
two  men  from  coming  to  this  town  that  a  iDetter  influence 
might  be  brought  to  it  in  the  person  of  Mr.  Stephen  Farrar, 
who  was  called  "to  be  our  Gospel  Minister  in  this  place," 
November  28,  1759.  His  "Sallery  was  to  be  40  pounds  Starling 
money  of  Grate  Britton  and  30  cord  of  good  wood,  Cord  wood 
length  to  be  delivered  at  his  house  anually."  This  call  was 
accepted  by  Mr.  Farrar  July  30,  1760. 

The  formal  organization  of  the  church  took  place  Octo- 
ber 21,  1760,  and  the  following  day  Stephen  Farrar  was 
ordained  and  installed  pastor  of  the  church.  It  is  not  an 
overstatement  to  say  that  no  one  event  in  the  history  of  the 
town  has  been  of  greater  importance.  The  influence  of  this 
young  pastor  in  the  formative  period  of  the  growth  of  the 
town,  coming  here  in  the  vigor  and  enthusiasm  of  early  man- 
hood, aided  by  the  prestige  in  those  early  days  accorded  to 
his  profession,  has  made  itself  felt  to  the  present  day.  The 
bond  between  pastor  and  people  was  strong,  and  increasing 
year  by  year  was  broken  only  by  his  death. 

The  church  at  its  organization  consisted  of  twenty-one 
members;  to  these,  before  1772,  thirty-eight  others  were 
added.  The  records  are  tantalizingly  imperfect.  Save  a  par- 
tial record  of  admissions  and  baptisms,  only  one  item  of 
business  is  recorded  previous  to  1800,  and  all  the  records  are 
written  on  four  leaves  measuring  six  by  four  inches.  In  that 
year  a  bound  volume  was  obtained  which  contains  the  records 
of  1800-1834,  but  they  were  written  with  no  regard  to  chrono- 
logical order  and  the  confusion  is  misleading  and  discouraging. 
Fortunately  for  the  historian  of  the  future,  the  contents  of 
this  volume  have  been  transcribed  in  proper  order  and  are 
now  accessible. 

Within  three  years  the  growing  population  of  the  town 
made  the  meeting-house  too  small  for  its  needs,  and  in  1762 
an  article  was  in  the  warrant  for  town  meeting  "to  see  if  they 
[the  Proprietors]  will  make  preparations  for  Building  a  meet- 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

ing  house."  Controversy  as  to  the  location  and  dimensions 
of  the  house  ensued  and  it  was  not  finished  until  1770.  When 
it  was  "erected  and  covered,"  after  long  discussion  it  was 
decided  that  the  "Pews  shall  be  sold  at  public  vendue  to  the 
highest  bidder."  This  auction  was  held  November  25,  1768. 
A  list  of  the  buyers  is  given. 

Charles  Barrett         £82    Is.    No.  29  A  body  pew,  pews  on  three  sides. 

Thomas   Heald         i80  1  Next  to  S.  door. 

Francis  Appleton     £80  7  Next  to  East  door. 

Benjamin  Adams     £80  10  In  amen  corner  next  to  N.  E.  pew. 

Moses  Tucker  Jr.   )  ,_o  on  r.   j  ^  ,  i     i 

Benjamin  Wheat  \^^^  ^  ^"^^  P^^'  ^°'""^''  °^  ^lock. 

Ephraim   Adams      £77  9  N.  W.  corner  pew. 

Jonathan    Dix  £76  16  N.  E.  corner  pew. 

Nathan   Cutter         £71  11  Amen  corner,  next  to  B.  Adams. 

Timothy  Fox  £66  34  Body  pew,  corner  of  block. 

Peter   Fletcher         £64  31  Body  pew,  corner  of  block. 

Eleazer  Cummings  £58  12  Amen  corner,  next  to  pulpit. 

Josiah    Brown  £43  21  S.  W.  corner  pew,  next  to  stairs. 

Andrew  Spaulding  £42  4  S.  E.  corner  pew,  next  to  stairs. 

This  house  was  directly  opposite  the  old  cemetery. 

The  "Great  Revival"  began  in  the  winter  of  1785-86  and 
continued  nearly  a  year.  Early  in  the  winter,  at  the  quarterly 
fast  which  the  church  had  been  accustomed  to  observe  for 
several  years,  an  unusual  number  were  present,  and  the  pres- 
ence of  the  Holy  Spirit  was  manifest  in  power.  The  people 
could  not  go  away  "but  remained  to  converse  on  their  own 
personal  religion."  Through  the  winter  the  work  went  on. 
The  season  was  one  of  great  severity,  but  people  went  on 
the  crusted  snow  through  the  fields  from  one  meeting  to 
another  at  a  later  hour.  It  is  said  that  even  the  sick  were 
carried  on  beds.  Sometimes  Mr.  Farrar  preached  in  a  barn 
with  the  hearers  seated  on  the  floor  and  the  scafifold.  Ninety- 
eight  persons  were  added  to  the  church  within  two  years. 

Mr.  Farrar's  pastorate  was  not  marked  by  any  other 
events  of  special  interest.  He  lived  the  quiet  life  of  a  country 
minister,  doing  his  duty  to  all,  and  was  a  power  for  good  in 
giving  tone  and  direction  to  every  project  for  the  benefit  of 
the  town.  To  him  revered  and  beloved  as  "the  Good  Parson," 
June  23,  1809,  the  end  came  suddenly,  and  he  went  to  join  in 
another  world  those  of  his  flock  to  whom  he  had  shown  the 
way  to  the  heavenly  gates. 

Rev.  Seth  Payson  preached  the  funeral  sermon  from  the 


Rev.  Richard  Hall 

words,  "And  devout  men  carried  Stephen  to  his  burial,  and 
made  great  lamentation  over  him."  The  town  paid  the  ex- 
penses of  his  funeral  and  placed  over  his  grave  a  marble  slab 
with  the  inscription, 

The  people  of  his  charge  leave  this  stone 

To  mark  the  place 

Where  they  have  laid  him. 

On  the  one  hundreth  anniversary  of  Mr.  Farrar's  death 
a  simple  service  was  held  at  his  grave.  An  appreciative  sketch 
of  his  character  and  influence  written  by  Miss  Katharine 
Preston,  who  is  of  his  lineage,  and  read  by  Rev.  C.  R.  Pea- 
cock, a  poem  by  Dea.  James  Roger,  formerly  of  Edinboro, 
with  prayer  by  Rev.  W.  R.  Thompson,  fitted  the  quiet  sunset 
hour,  serene  and  beautiful,  typical  of  the  close  of  the  life 
which  we  met  to  commemorate. 

Each  year  on  June  23,  a  young  woman  whose  heart  is 
filled  with  reverence  for  those  who  laid  the  broad  foundations 
of  all  that  is  good  in  the  town  places  upon  Mr.  Farrar's  grave 
flowers  gathered  from  the  garden  of  his  lifelong  home. 

Immediately  after  Mr.  Farrar's  death  the  town  looked  for 
a  successor.  One  or  two  candidates  were  heard,  but  it  was 
not  easy  to  find  a  man  who  would  fill  the  place  of  the  lamented 
and  revered  pastor.  One  candidate,  so  tradition  relates,  was 
rejected  because  he  wore  white  stockings,  so  unlike  the  black 
and  inconspicuous  garments  which  were  worn  by  Mr.  Farrar. 
December  5,  1811,  a  call  was  given  by  the  town  to  Mr.  Richard 
Hall,  and  he  was  ordained  March  12,  1812.  In  August  of 
that  year  he  strengthened  his  relation  to  the  people  by  his 
marriage  with  Lucy,  eldest  daughter  of  Hon.  Timothy  Farrar 
and  niece  of  Rev.  Mr.  Farrar. 

Before  Mr.  Hall  came  to  the  church  a  revival  was  in 
progress  which  was  greatly  helped  by  his  ministrations.  In 
1821-22  there  was  another  revival  of  great  power,  and  as  the 
fruit  of  the  two  there  were  added  to  the  church  about  one 
hundred  and  fifty  persons.  During  his  ministry  a  creed  and 
confession  of  faith  was  adopted,  and  all  who  were  admitted 
to  the  church  were  required  to  subscribe  to  it.  It  embodied 
very  strictly  the  theological  tenets  of  the  day. 

The  meeting-house  became  too  small,  and  also  so  dilapi- 
dated that  a  new  one  was  needed.  The  new  building  on  the 
spot  where  the  present  one  stands  was  begun   in   1812,  and 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

completed  in  1813.  "Modeled  after  Park  Street  meeting-house 
in  Boston,  it  was  a  stately  building  with  graceful  spire,  a 
perfect  type  of  the  colonial  church  and  dear  to  the  heart  of 
every  one  within  sound  of  its  sweet-toned  bell." 

In  1818  the  first  Sunday  School  was  organized  by  the  women 
of  the  church.  During  the  following  winter  it  was  suspended 
but  revived  in  the  following  spring,  and  has  continued  to  this 
day,  the  instrument  of  untold  good.  The  widow  Abigail  Davis 
was  the  first  superintendent. 

Mr.  Hall  died  July  13,  1824,  after  a  prolonged  illness. 
"His  ministry  was  faithful  and  successful."  "His  mental 
powers  were  above  the  ordinary  grade,  and  he  was  noted 
for  his  decision  of  character." 

In  1823  a  Religious  Society  was  formed  to  cooperate  with 
the  church  by  having  special  care  of  financial  matters  and 
of  general  temporalities.  It  began  with  one  hundred  mem- 
bers, and  George  F.  Farley  was  the  first  secretary.  Thus 
at  the  termination  of  Mr.  Hall's  ministry  the  official  connec- 
tion of  the  town  with  the  church  ceased. 

After  much  indecision  and  discussion  the  church  gave  a 
call  to  Rev.  Isaac  R.  Barbour  October  4,  1824,  and  the  in- 
stallation took  place  March  8,  1826.  On  August  22.  of  the 
same  year,  on  account  of  the  health  of  his  wife,  he  asked  a 
dismission.     This  request  was  granted  only  too  willingly. 

In  choosing  a  successor  to  Mr.  Barbour  the  church  and 
society  were  unanimous  in  the  choice  of  Mr.  Charles  Walker, 
who  came  here  directly  from  Andover  Theological  Seminary. 
The  salary  offered  was  $700,  and  he  was  ordained  Februar}'" 
28,  1827.  His  ministry  was  conscientious  and  successful,  es- 
pecially in  enlisting  a  more  general  activity  in  the  church. 
Protracted  meetings  were  held  repeatedly,  and  conversions 
were  numerous.  June  21,  1827,  a  committee  was  chosen  to 
visit  the  members  of  the  church  "to  converse  particularly  on 
the  subject  of  religion."  A  committee  of  discipline  was 
chosen  which  did  its  work  too  faithfully  for  the  peace  of  the 
church.  Members  were  disciplined  for  the  most  trivial  causes, 
and  long-continued  discussions  were  wasted  on  trifles  light 
as  air.  During  the  ministry  of  eight  years  there  were  one 
hundred  and  six  church  meetings  on  business,  many  of  them 
beginning  at  nine  o'clock  in  the  morning  and  continuing  until 
late  at  night ;  also  there  were  five  councils  or  references,  be- 


Rev.  Samuel  Lee 

sides  those  of  ordination  and  dismission.  Mr.  Walker  was 
dismissed  August  26,  1835. 

Rev.  Charles  Walker  was  born  in  Rindge,  N.  H.,  November 
21,  1795.  His  father  was  a  farmer  of  moderate  means  and  the 
son  had  to  earn  his  education  by  his  own  exertions.  He 
graduated  at  Dartmouth  College  in  182.3  and  at  Andover 
Theological  Seminary  in  1826,  being  then  more  than  thirty 
years  old.  A  man  of  fair  talents,  an  impressive  preacher,  and 
of  a  gentle  spirit.  After  leaving  this  church  he  was  settled 
March  9,  1836,  at  Windsor,  Conn.  The  last  years  of  his  life 
were  spent  at  Groton,  Mass.,  where  he  died  October  23,  1847. 

At  a  meeting  of  the  church  January  18,  1836,  "A  subject 
was  presented  by  the  Moderator  for  consultation,  as  to  the 
propriety  or  expediency  of  calling  a  man  to  settle  with  us  as 
a  minister  of  the  gospel  without  attending  to  the  usual  pre- 
liminary course  of  probation."  "After  some  little  consultation 
it  was  moved  and  seconded  that  we  present  Rev.  Samuel  Lee 
of  Sherburne,  Alass.,  a  call  to  settle  with  us  in  the  work  of 
the  gospel  ministry.  The  above  motion  was  carried  into 
effect  by  vote  of  the  church."  The  church  knew  of  Mr.  Lee 
only  from  the  report  of  a  committee  who  had  attended  a 
protracted  meeting  at  Ashburnham,  where  he  had  been  called 
to  assist  the  pastor. 

The  call,  one  of  several  under  consideration  at  that  time 
by  Mr.  Lee,  was  accepted,  and  the  installation  took  place  on 
May  5,  1836.  Early  in  his  ministry  some  changes  took  place. 
So  far  as  is  known  it  had  always  been  the  custom  of  the 
church  that  candidates  for  membership  should  appear  before 
a  public  church  meeting,  relate  their  religious  experience,  or 
read  a  paper  which  they  had  written,  and  then  be  questioned 
by  any  member  of  the  church.  This  in  itself  was  an  ordeal 
from  which  nearly  every  one  would  shrink.  In  July,  1837, 
it  was  voted  "That  candidates  for  admission  to  the  church 
meet  the  Committee  of  Examination,  and  if  by  them  approved, 
be  propounded  three  weeks  at  least  previous  to  the  time  of 

Another  revival  came  to  this  church  in  1841-42,  but  unlike 
some  of  previous  years  there  was  no  excitement,  but  a  calm, 
intense  earnestness  which  continued  during  nearly  two  years. 
"There  were  added  to  the  church  one  hundred  and  ten  per- 
sons, several  husbands  and  wives  side  by  side,  and  most  of 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

them  persons  in  middle  life."  In  1857-58  there  was  again 
much  religious  interest,  fifteen  being  added  to  the  church, 
beside  a  much  larger  number  of  students  of  the  Academy 
who  would  join  their  home  churches. 

Notwithstanding  this  increased  religious  interest  other 
agencies  were  at  work.  In  1841  the  use  of  wine  at  the  com- 
munion table  was  brought  before  the  church.  After  pro- 
longed discussion  and  thought  the  church  voted  to  continue 
the  use  of  wine  as  had  been  the  custom  ever  since  the  time 
of  Christ.  The  vote  stood  eighty-four  in  favor  of  the  use  of 
the  wine,  four  against  it.  Thus  that  special  question  was  defi- 
nitely settled.  But  the  germ  of  discord  grew  with  the  years 
and  the  church  became  divided  on  many  questions.  Advice 
was  asked  and  given  by  two  ecclesiastical  councils,  and  at 
the  suggestion  of  the  second,  many  of  the  dissatisfied  mem- 
bers asked  for  dismission  and  recommendation  to  other 
churches,  although  it  is  certain  that  at  Mason  Village  they  did 
not  receive  a  cordial  welcome. 

The  meeting-house,  built  in  1813,  had  become  dilapidated 
and  in  need  of  repair  to  render  it  comfortable  or  pleasing  to 
the  eye.  In  1851  it  was  remodeled  by  raising  the  floor  and 
removing  the  galleries,  thus  making  the  auditorium  specially 
fine  in  its  acoustic  properties.  The  beautiful  proportions  of 
the  former  spire  were  retained,  and  from  its  height  came  the 
tones  of  the  sweet-voiced  bell  presented  in  1815  by  citizens  of 
the  town.  Within  a  few  years  it  has  been  learned  that  this 
bell  came  from  the  foundry  of  Paul  Revere.  This  building 
was  burned  July  15,  1902. 

The  church  celebrated  its  centennial  anniversary  October 
22,  1860.  An  historic  discourse  had  been  prepared  by  the 
pastor,  but  as  on  account  of  ill-health  he  was  not  able  to 
deliver  it,  it  was  read  by  Rev.  Mr.  Fisher  of  Mason  Village, 
Rev.  Mr.  Bell  of  Ashby,  and  Rev.  Isaac  Stearns  Perry  of 
Bellows  Falls,  Vt.  The  following  was  the  programme  pre- 
pared by  the  committee  in  charge. 

Gathering  at  the  site  of  the  old  meeting-house. 

Prayer  and  brief  address,  10  a.  m. 

Procession  to  the  church. 

Historical  Discourse,  11  :00  a.  m. 

Dinner  in  the  basement  of  the  church  with  addresses. 

Sacrament  of  the  Lord's  Supper  in  the  church. 


Rev.  Calvin  Cutler 

A  flag  had  been  reared  on  the  site  of  the  iirst  meeting- 
house on  Farrar  Hill,  which  could  be  seen  from  the  place  of 
gathering.  There  are  those  living  who  remember  the  under- 
pinning stones  of  that  house,  and  can  identify  the  spot. 

Mr.  Lee's  health  failing,  he  resigned  his  pastorate  and  was 
dismissed  December  9,  1860.  Save  the  life-long  pastorate  of 
Parson  Farrar,  that  of  Mr.  Lee  was  the  longest  recorded  in 
the  history  of  the  church  and  its  influence  was  proportionate, 
especially  in  connection  with  the  Academy.  One  who  was 
often  a  member  of  the  congregation  said  of  him  :  "Mr.  Lee 
has  a  logical  and  metaphysical  mind ;  is  an  independent  and 
liberal  thinker;  announces  his  convictions  with  great  decision 
and  earnestness ;  is  a  faithful  and  devoted  pastor ;  an  active 
and  enlightened  friend  of  education ;  and  is  greatly  beloved 
by  his  people."  Another  adds,  "His  prayers  carried  one  into 
the  presence  of  a  helpful  Heavenly  Father." 

January  23,  1861,  an  ecclesiastical  council  met  for  the  pur- 
pose of  authorizing  the  union  of  the  two  Congregational 
churches  here  existing.  From  their  result  we  quote :  "Voted 
that  we  approve  the  basis  on  which  the  two  churches  have 
agreed  to  unite,  and  that  we  consummate  the  union  here  in- 
tended." Soon  after  this  union  the  church  received  a  legacy 
from  the  estate  of  Mrs.  Dolly  Everett  of  $4,000.  The 
dwelling-house  of  Mrs.  Everett  was  given  the  church  for  a 

After  a  long  period  of  hearing  candidates,  a  call  was  given 
to  Mr.  Calvin  Cutler,  which  he  accepted,  and  he  was  ordained 
March  12,  1862.  After  a  pastorate  of  five  years  Mr.  Cutler 
asked  a  dismission,  and  although  the  church  voted  "that  we 
earnestly  request  him  to  withdraw  his  request  for  dismission," 
he  felt  that  "his  work  here  was  done."  A  council  of  dismis- 
sion met  April  11,  1867.  Mr.  Cutler  gained  in  a  marked 
degree  the  affection  and  confidence  of  the  church  and  they 
parted  with  him  most  reluctantly.  He  became  the  pastor  of 
the  church  in  Auburndale,  Mass.,  and  remained  there  until 
his  death. 

January  1,  1868,  Rev.  Prescott  Fay  was  installed  pastor 
of  the  church,  and  dismissed  October  6,  1869. 

Several  of  the  succeeding  pastorates  were  so  brief  that 
there  is  little  to  record  save  the  date  of  the  commencement 
and  the  closing  of  the  ministries  to  the  church. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

Rev.  B.  F.  Ray  began  his  work  as  a  pastor  July  10,  1870, 
and  was  most  earnest  in  his  efforts  to  aid  the  church.  He 
died  here  January  7,  1872. 

Rev.  Thomas  S.  Robie  became  acting  pastor  in  April,  1873. 
and  retired  April  1,  1874. 

Rev.  B.  N.  Seymour  became  acting  pastor  September  27, 
1874,  and  retired  March  10,  1878. 

Rev.  Horace  Parker  became  acting  pastor  March,  1879. 
having  previously  supplied  the  pulpit  for  nearly  two  years ; 
he  retired  June  1,  1880. 

Mr.  Sumner  G.  Wood  was  ordained  and  installed  as  pas- 
tor December  30,  1880,  and  dismissed  February  14,  1883. 
From  here  he  went  to  Fall  River,  Mass. 

Rev.  George  F.  Merriam  became  acting  pastor  here  in 
connection  with  his  charge  in  Greenville,  June,  1883,  and 
retired  in  1891.  After  a  pastorate  of  more  than  thirty-five 
years  at  Greenville  he  was  called  to  the  historic  church  in 
Deerfield,  Mass.,  but  soon  failing  health  caused  his  resigna- 
tion, and  he  passed  the  remainder  of  his  life  with  his  children. 
He  held  the  pen  of  a  ready  writer,  and  his  services  were  much 
in  demand  for  the  writing  of  biographical  and  historic  articles 
for  the  press.  His  ministrations  to  this  church  were  most 
helpful,  and  his  memory  is  precious.     He  died  August  5,  1912. 

Rev.  G.  W.  Johnson  became  acting  pastor  December  27, 
1891,  and  resigned  August   11,   1892. 

Mr.  A.  L.  Parsons  became  acting  pastor  October  2,  1892. 
He  died  suddenly  March  25,  1894. 

Rev.  H.  H.  Looniis  became  acting  pastor  September.  1894, 
and  resigned  July,  1896. 

Rev.  G.  F.  Bradford  became  acting  pastor  September,  1896. 
Resigned  July  1,  1900. 

Mr.  H.  A.  Barber,  although  still  a  theological  student,  be- 
gan the  supply  of  the  pulpit  December,  1900,  was  ordained 
here  August  22,  1903,  and  resigned  July,  1904. 

Rev.    Lyman    Mevis    was    acting   pastor    from    December, 

1904,  until' October,   1905. 

Mr.  Charles  R.  Peacock  supplied  the  pulpit  in  November, 

1905,  was  ordained  here  July  30,  1908,  and  resigned  January 
15,  1911. 

Rev.  Orlando  M.  Lord  was  invited  to  become  pastor  of 
this  church  July  27,  1911,  and  retired  May  1,  1914. 

The  invested  funds  of  the  church  amount  to  about  $12,000. 


The  New  Church 

July  15,  1902,  our  church  was  struck  by  lightning  and 
wholly  destroyed.  While  the  flames  were  still  burning  Mrs. 
George  R.  Barrett  promised  a  gift  of  $5,000  toward  building 
a  new  church.  Later  she  purchased  two  pews,  paying  for 
them  $1000.  The  bell  which  she  gave  to  the  town  at  the  same 
time  bears  her  name,  Elizabeth  M.  Barrett,  and  was  rung 
for  the  first  time  by  the  donor  and  her  granddaughter.  Mrs. 
Barrett  added  a  personal  touch  to  the  value  of  her  gift  by 
having  the  furniture  for  the  pulpit  made  to  order  from  designs 
of  her  own  choice.  Other  friends  were  generous,  and  August 
22,  1903,  the  new  church  was  dedicated.  It  is  convenient  and 
with  its  pleasant  interior  and  sweet-toned  organ  meets  the 
wants  of  the  congregation,  but  to  the  older  people  it  can 
never  fill  the  place  of  the  former  edifice,  so  suited  to  this 
old  colonial  town. 

The  church  observed  the  one  hundred  and  fiftieth  anni- 
versary of  its  organization  August  25,  1910.  In  the  morning 
there  was  a  brief  service  at  the  site  of  the  old  meeting-house, 
and  at  the  church  an  informal  reception  dinner,  served  at 
noon,  was  followed  by  brief  addresses  by  friends  and  neigh- 
boring ministers.  In  the  afternoon  religious  services  were 
held  in  the  auditorium ;  the  sermon  was  by  Rev.  G.  Ernest 
Merriam,  son  of  a  former  pastor.  An  interesting  history  of 
the  church  written  by  Miss  Katharine  Preston  was  read  by 
Rev.  C.  R.  Peacock,  and  a  large  choir  led  in  the  singing  of 
old  hymns. 

So  far  as  can  be  learned  there  have  been  admitted  to  this 
church  1557  people.  For  many  years  the  records  were  so 
imperfect  that  we  may  estimate  the  total  number  to  be  at 
least  1800,  probably  more.  A  catalogue  of  members  is  in 
process  of  preparation,  giving  dates  of  admission,  dismission, 
and  death  so  far  as  they  can  be  learned.  From  the  families  of 
this  church  there  have  gone  missionaries,  ministers  and  min- 
isters' wives,  and  teachers  beyond  computation. 

In  1843  the  number  of  members  of  the  church  was  402, 
thus  making  it  the  largest  but  one  in  the  state. 

A  program,  of  stated  meetings  may  be  of  interest.  Sunday 
morning  services  at  10:30  o'clock;  Sunday  School,  followed 
by  exchange  of  books  at  the  two  libraries,  filled  the  time 
until  the  afternoon  service,  which  lasted  until  3  o'clock.  A 
third  service  was  held   in  the  evening  at  the  brick  school- 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

house,  or  later  in  the  chapel  and  more  recently  at  the  church. 
Weekday  prayer  meetings  were  held  Wednesday  evening  in 
the  school-house ;  Thursday  afternoon  at  the  church ;  Friday 
afternoon  in  Davis  Village  at  a  private  house,  and  Saturda}^ 
evening  at  the  school-house.     This  was  previous  to  1860. 

The  meetings  at  Davis  Village  were  distinctive.  Rev. 
Perley  B.  Davis  writes  of  them,  "The  Davis  meetings  began 
at  the  home  of  Joseph  Davis  in  1810  for  the  benefit  of  the 
three  Davis  brothers,  their  two  sisters,  and  their  families. 
Later,  they  were  held  at  four  or  five  different  houses,  and 
I  do  not  know  how  long  they  were  continued,  but  certainly 
for  more  than  fifty  years.  In  the  summer  time  the  brothers 
and  sometimes  one  or  two  others  would  leave  their  farms 
and  gather,  in  very  humble  apparel,  for  the  hour's  service. 
The  women  would  come  wearing  a  calash.  In  the  winter  the 
meetings  would  be  larger.  The  rooms  were  lighted  by  an 
open  fireplace  and  tallow  candles.  The  singing  was  from  the 
village  hymnbook  and  was,  I  think,  not  very  artistic."  In 
the  autumn  of  1860  a  semi-centennial  meeting  was  held  at 
the  house  of  Joseph  Davis,  the  place  of  the  first  meeting. 

"The  Maternal  Association  organized  May  15,  1817,  was 
the  earliest  in  the  country."  (Sketch  of  New  Ipswich,  i8^5. 
Rev.  Charles  Walker.)  The  mothers  met  once  a  month  for 
discussion  concerning  the  training,  physical,  mental,  and  re- 
ligious, of  their  children,  and  every  three  months  the  children 
were  brought  to  the  meetings  to  exemplify  methods  and  their 
progress  in  the  Bible  and  Catechism."  (K.  P.)  One  woman 
still  preserves  a  copy  of  the  Life  of  Mary  Lyon  given  her  for 
perfectly  committing  to  memory  the  Westminster  Catechism. 

Fast  days  were  numerous  and  were  kept  by  all  the  con- 
gregation. Their  observance  was  no  idle  form.  Very  little 
food  was  provided  for  breakfast,  and  only  a  moderate  meal 
for  dinner,  and  with  a  church  service,  the  absence  of  work 
save  that  of  necessity,  and  the  entire  absence  of  amusements, 
the  day  seemed  almost  as  distinctive  as  the  Sabbath. 

Few  churches  have  had  better  examples  in  those  who  have 
guided  their  labors  and  influence  for  the  past  one  hundred 
and  fifty  years.  May  we  never  lower  the  standard  of  earnest, 
honest  work  for  God  and  the  world. 


The  Baptist  Church 

The  Baptist  Church 

In  the  latter  part  of  the  eighteenth  century  a  few  persons 
in  New  Ipswich,  uniting  with  others  in  Temple,  Jaffrey,  and 
Rindge,  formed  a  Baptist  church.  Meetings  were  held  in 
private  houses  and  later  in  the  old  meeting-house  formerly 
used  by  the  Congregational  church.  In  1815  a  house  was 
erected  by  Deacon  Aaron  Brown,  chiefly  at  his  own  expense. 
"It  stood  on  the  north  side  of  the  road  to  Mill  Village  [now 
Smithville]  a  few  rods  from  the  Academy  corner,  a  small, 
plain  structure."  "In  1850  it  was  taken  down  and  removed 
to  its  present  location  at  the  center  of  the  village.  A  base- 
ment and  spire  have  been  added,  and  it  is  now  an  ornament 
to  the  village."    Its  cost,  $2600,  was  paid  before  its  dedication. 

In  1814  the  members  living  in  Temple  united  with  those 
here  and  formed  the  Baptist  church  in  New  Ipswich  of  thirty- 
three  members.  Elder  John  Parkhurst,  the  first  pastor,  was 
installed  March  10,  1814,  and  remained  until  1821. 

The  succeeding  pastors  were: 

Ferris   Moore 1821-24 

Joseph  Elliott 1824-27 

Benjamin    R.    Skinner 1827-28 

Calvin    Greenleaf 1828-30 

Asaph    Merriam 1830-36 

Johnson   Howard 1836-39 

L.    M.    Wilmarth 1840-42 

Jacob  Weston 1842-43 

Harrison  W.   Strong 1843- 

A.  H.  House 1850- 

E.   W.   Pray 1853-54 

Edwin    Dibell 1854-60 

Church  closed  much  of  the  time  for  several  years. 

E.  J.   Emery     . 
A.    Snyder 
L.  M.  Barnes  . 
J.  M.  Coburn  . 
W.    R.    Thompson 
J.   M.   Coburn    (d. 
Elisha    Sanderson 
H.  N.  Wiggin  . 
C     J.     Wilcomb 
T.    V.    Caulkins 
J.  W.  Tingley  . 
C.     L.     Eldredge 




Nov.,  1910-14 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

So  far  as  can  be  learned  from  the  records  the  total  mem- 
bership since  the  organization  of  the  church  in  1814  is  405. 
Present  membership,  27.  Rev.  C.  L.  Eldredge,  Pastor.  Mary 
E.  Blanchard  (Mrs.  Edwin  F.),  Clerk.  Dea.  William  H. 
Wilson,  Treasurer. 

Like  all  country  churches  in  New  England  a  majority  of 
the  members  are  women,  and  the  work  of  sustaining  the 
various  church  activities  largely  rests  on  them.  The  women 
of  this  church  have  met  their  demands  most  nobly.  By  the 
work  of  the  "Ladies'  Aid  Society"  and  help  from  friends  out 
of  town  the  church  has  been  kept  in  good  repair.  For  some 
years  they  have  wished  for  a  bell  which  would  tell  of  the 
hours  of  their  service,  and  for  a  clock  which  should  be  of 
use  to  the  village.  Some  friends,  children  of  former  mem- 
bers, under  the  influence  of  Mrs.  Dixon  D.  Wheeler  became 
practically  interested,  and  November  19,  1910,  Mrs.  Frederick 
Jones  (with  the  help  of  a  stronger  hand)  rang  the  new  bell 
for  the  first  time.  Mrs.  Emma  L.  Tucker  has  solicited  funds 
for  the  purchase  of  a  clock,  which  is  now  placed  on  the  church. 
It  first  struck  the  hour  at  noon  September  26,  1912. 

The  welfare  of  the  village  is  largely  helped  because  this 
place  of  worship  is  easily  accessible,  and  is  open  to  many 
who  cannot  go  to  the  more  distant  Congregational  Church. 
The  church  deserves  great  credit  for  its  courage  and  energy 
in  continuing  the  services,  Sabbath  and  midweek,  though  with 
limited  numbers. 

Unitarian  Church 

In  1833  a  number  of  the  people  of  the  town  united  to 
form  a  Unitarian  church.  Mr.  Charles  Barrett  erected  near 
High  Bridge  a  fine  building  with  a  handsome  interior.  The 
ministers  who  officiated  there  were  Rev.  Mr.  Harding,  Rev. 
Reuben  Bates,  Rev.  Warren  Burton.     Mr.  Bates  left  in  1835. 

No  list  of  members  of  this  church  can  be  found,  but  the 
following  list  of  parents  whose  children  were  baptized  by 
Rev.  Mr.  Bates  may  be  of  interest :  Ayers,  John  and  Mary 
B. ;  Barnard,  Loring  and  Sarah  ;  Clark,  Benjamin  and  Martha ; 
Farwell,  Moors  and  Sarah ;  Porter,  Samuel  and  Elvira  C. ; 
Prichard,  Jeremiah  and  Nancy;  Webster,  Jonathan  and 

After  a  few  years  the  church  was  weakened  by  the  death 
of  its  principal  supporters,  and  soon  became  extinct. 


The  Methodist  Church 

Methodist  Episcopal  Church 

The  records  of  this  church  having  been  destroyed,  its  his- 
tory can  be  learned  only  from  the  reports  of  various  Confer- 
ence meetings. 

The  church  was  organized  in  1842  and  the  meeting-house 
in  the  Center  Village  was  dedicated  June  25,  1842.  In  1849 
the  Sunday  School  had  95  scholars,  and  a  library  of  more 
than  150  volumes.  That  year  a  church  was  built  in  the  Sou- 
hegan  village.  "About  this  time  the  members  of  the  church 
formed  themselves  into  a  society  to  have  charge  of  the  finan- 
cial concerns  of  the  church.  The  first  signers  were  Rev. 
Jonathan  Hall,  Amos  Merrill,  Joseph  Turner,  Nathaniel  Bar- 
rett, Ezra  Webber."  In  1854  there  was  often  an  attendance 
of  200,  and  the  Sunday  School  was  prosperous.  In  1872  there 
was  a  membership  of  38. 

Removals  for  various  causes,  and  the  gradual  introduction 
of  French  Canadians  to  take  the  place  of  the  American  and 
Scotch  families  at  High  Bridge,  all  tended  to  lessen  the  atten- 
dance, until  in  1889  the  society  felt  that  it  could  no  longer 
support  a  pastor.  For  more  than  fifteen  years  the  pulpit 
was  occasionally  supplied  by  pastors  of  neighboring  churches ; 
but  in  November,  1905,  the  church  was  finally  closed. 

For  many  years  this  church  had  a  special  field  of  useful- 
ness, ministering  to  the  spiritual  needs  of  many  in  those  vil- 
lages who  could  not  attend  church  elsewhere. 

"October  13,  1907,  Rev.  George  H.  Hardy  of  Ashburnham, 
assisted  by  other  clergymen,  conducted  an  impressive  fare- 
well service  in  the  church.  The  audience  filled  the  house. 
Thirteen  days  later,  for  the  sum  of  $150,  the  church  building 
became  the  property  of  Bank  Village.  The  library  and  book- 
case were  presented  to  the  New  Ipswich  Baptist  church,  and 
the  communion  service  to  the  new  Finnish  church  in  town." 
(A.  A.  G.) 

During  the  sixty-four  years  of  its  existence  the  church 
was  under  the  care  of  thirty  clergymen,  nine  of  whom^  each 
remained  less  than  a  year,  and  three  of  them  each  only  a 
year.    The  other  pastorates  were : 

J.   W.   Guernsey 1846-48 

Jonathan     Hall 1849-51 

Jonathan     Hall 1852-55 

S.  G.  Kellogg 1856-58 

A.   P.  Hatch 1859-61 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

The  church  was  closed  several  years  between  1862  and  1870. 

Irad    Taggart 1870-72 

Jacob   Spaulding 1872-75 

Israel    Ainsworth 1875-77 

G.  M.  Curl 1877-79 

The  Second  Congregational  Church 

October  9,  1851,  a  Second  Congregational  church  was  or- 
ganized, consisting  of  persons  dismissed  by  advice  of  council 
from  the  Congregational  church  in  New  Ipswich  and  some 
others  from  neighboring  churches.  The  number  of  members 
was  fifty-seven.     The  pastors  were : 

Rev.  Josiah  Ballard,  installed  July  14,  1852,  dismissed 
April  26,  1855. 

Rev.  William  Russell,  installed  June  25,  1856,  dismissed 
September  22,  1858. 

Rev.  Sylvanus  Hayward  supplied  the  pulpit  for  a  year  or 
longer,  but  was  not  installed. 

January  23,  1861,  an  ecclesiastical  council  met  and  "con- 
summated the  union  of  the  two  churches  here  existing." 










TN  1790  the  main  road  from  Townsend  and  the  region 
-^  toward  the  seaboard  was  Httle  more  than  a  bridle-path, 
scarcely  passable  for  a  carriage,  but  the  adventurous  traveler 
who  persisted  in  pursuing  the  upward  path  found  his  reward. 
New  Ipswich  had  not  only  a  large  and  flourishing  church, 
but  an  academy  incorporated,  and  in  so  successful  operation 
that  at  Dartmouth  College  in  1791  "There  were  no  less  than 
ten  students  from  New  Ipswich." 

As  early  as  1762  there  was  a  public  school  in  New  Ipswich 
and  in  1772  a  migratory  grammar  school,  the  master  going 
from  one  district  to  another.  June  18,  1789,  by  act  of  the 
New  Hampshire  state  legislature,  this  school  was  incorporated 
as  New  Ipswich  Academy,  for  the  purpose  of  promoting  piety 
and  virtue,  and  for  the  education  of  youth  in  the  English  and 
Latin  and  Greek  languages,  in  writing,  arithmetic,  music,  and 
the  art  of  speaking,  practical  geometry,  logic,  geography,  and 
such  "others  of  the  liberal  arts  and  sciences  or  languages  as 
the  Trustees  shall  direct." 

Hon.  Samuel  Appleton  wrote  many  years  ago  of  the  early 
trustees :  "The  zeal  they  had  for  education  was  so  great  that 
some  of  them  even  mortgaged  their  houses  and  lands  to 
raise  money  to  educate  their  children."  "The  first  sixty-five 
years  of  the  existence  of  the  Academy  were  marked  by  con- 
tinued donations  of  money,  books,  apparatus,  and  labor  from 
the  loyal  citizens  of  New  Ipswich  and  the  trustees  and  alumni 
of  the  academy,  and  the  marked  success  of  the  graduates  of 
the  school  in  all  walks  of  life  attests  its  vigorous  internal 
growth  during  that  period."     (Prospectus,  iQio-ii.) 

This  was  the  second  academy  incorporated  in  the  state, 
Phillips  Exeter  being  five  years  its  senior,  although  the  town 
of  Exeter  is  a  century  older  than  New  Ipswich.  It  is  the 
third  in  the  United  States  to  be  co-educational ;  Leicester 
Academy  and  the  Derby  School  at  Hingham — the  first  school 
in  America  founded  by  a  woman — were,  so  far  as  can  be 
learned,  the  only  co-educational  institutions  in  the  land  before 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

The  first  academy  building,  erected  in  1789  about  one 
hundred  rods  north  of  the  meeting-house,  was  on  land  donated 
by  Rev,  Mr.  Farrar,  and  was  a  one-story  building  40x38  feet. 
It  is  now  a  dwelling  house  owned  by  Dea.  William  H.  Wilson. 
In  1816  it  was  thought  wise  to  erect  a  new  building  nearer 
the  geographical  center  of  the  town.  As  the  town  was  then 
realizing  the  need  of  better  accommodations  for  town  meet- 
ings, an  arrangement  was  entered  into  by  which  one  building 
should  answer  both  purposes,  the  lower  story  being  used  by 
the  town  and  the  second  story  by  the  Academy.  In  1831  a 
fine  bell  was  given  the  institution  by  Mrs.  Dolly  Appleton 
Everett,  and  for  more  than  eighty  years  it  has  noted  the 
hours  of  the  school.  During  the  administration  of  Mr.  Shedd 
a  house  was  built  for  the  use  of  students  who  wished  to  board 
themselves.  After  the  building  of  the  present  academy  this 
house  was  moved  to  the  spot  now  occupied  by  the  girls' 
dormitory,  and  was  used  as  a  boarding-house,  for  many  years 
being  well  filled,  one  or  more  of  the  faculty  being  in  charge. 

"Soon  after  the  centennial  celebration,  a  meeting  of  New 
Ipswich  gentlemen  residing  in  Boston  was  held  at  the  house 
of  Jonas  Chickering,  which  resulted  in  a  subscription  in  aid 
of  the  Academy  amounting  to  $7000,  viz. :  from  Samuel  Apple- 
ton  $4000,  Samuel  Batchelder  $1000,  Jonas  Chickering  $1000, 
Nathan  Appleton  $500,  Frederick  and  Edward  Kidder  $250, 
Edward  W.  and  George  M.  Champney  $250.  As  the  trustees 
were  satisfied  that  the  school  could  not  be  successfully  con- 
tinued without  a  new  building  the  subscribers  consented  that 
their  contributions  thereto  should  be  applied  for  this  purpose, 
provided  the  residents  would  contribute  to  purchase  the  nec- 
essary land  and  lay  the  foundations.  Some  rivalry  arose  be- 
tween the  advocates  of  a  southern  or  a  northern  locality, 
but  the  northerners  finally  prevailed  and  secured  the  beauti- 
ful location  between  Preston  and  Farrar  streets,  facing  the 
\'illage  Green,  and  containing  about  three  acres.  The  corner- 
stone was  laid  August  11,  1853,  at  which  an  address  was  made 
by  Rev.  Mr.  Lee,  and  speeches  by  others  present ;  original 
hymns  were  sung,  etc.  The  building  was  occupied  by  the 
school  March,  1854,  and  was  appropriately  dedicated  Septem- 
ber 6,  1854,  the  address  being  given  by  Rev,  Frederick  A. 
Adams.  The  edifice  is  of  brick  and  slated,  containing  five 
recitation  rooms  [now  changed  to  four  J,  apartments  for  the 
Library,  Cabinet,  and  Philosophical  Apparatus,  and  a  large 
hall  to  seat  about  six  hundred  persons, 


The  Appleton  Endowment 

"In  consequence  of  the  numerous  and  important  dona- 
tions from  Samuel  Appleton  and  others  of  the  family,  the 
name  of  the  academy  was  changed  to  'New  Ipswich  Appleton 
Academy'  in  June,  1853,  about  the  time  of  Mr.  Appleton's 
death,  and  his  executors  decreed  the  sum  of  $20,000  fromi  funds 
left  by  him  for  similar  purposes  as  an  endowment.  This, 
with  other  donations  from  non-resident  sons  of  New  Ipswich 
who  desired  to  give  some  token  of  their  local  attachment  and 
their  interest  in  the  prosperity  of  the  Academy,  were  an- 
nounced at  the  dedication.  Among  them  were  an  electrical 
machine  from  Ira  Holden  of  New  Orleans,  air-pump  and  mi- 
croscope from  Jeremiah  Prichard,  Jr.,  pianoforte  from  George 
N.  Davis  of  Boston,  barometer  from  Timothy  Perry,  100  vol- 
umes of  books  from  Charles  D.  Gould  and  Joshua  Lincoln, 
several  thousand  specimens  to  found  a  cabinet  of  natural  his- 
tory from  Dr.  A.  A.  Gould  of  Boston,  a  bust  of  Samuel  Apple- 
ton  from  Mrs.  Appleton,  an  epitome  of  the  history  of  the 
academy  written  on  a  large  sheet  to  be  hung  in  the  hall  by 
Dea.  N.  D.  Gould. 

"In  a  cavity  of  the  corner-stone  laid  under  the  southwest 
corner  of  the  building  is  a  leaden  box  six  inches  square  and 
three  inches  deep,  containing  a  calatogue  of  the  Academy  for 
1852-3,  circular  for  1852-3,  regulations  of  the  police  of  New 
Ipswich,  invoice  of  the  polls  and  estates  of  New  Ipswich, 
report  of  the  Superintending  School  Committee,  1852-3,  Scien- 
tific American,  Daily  Evening  Traveller,  Aug.  10,  1853,  Daily 
Advertiser,  Aug.   10,   1853,   Barnums  Illustrated   News,  Aug. 

13,  1853,  Farmer's  Cabinet,  Aug.  4,  1853,  bills  of  the  New 
Ipswich  Bank,  coins  of  the  United  States,  1853,  Boston  Semi- 
Weekly  Post,  Boston  Daily  Journal,  and  a  history  of  the 
building,  with  the  names  of  the  Donors."     (T.  F.) 

During  Mr.  Westgate's  administration  the  small  building 
south  of  the  Academy  was  provided  for  the  use  of  pupils  in 
drawing  and  painting.  This  was  sometimes  called  the  "Gas 
House."  In  1868  the  building  north  of  the  main  cemetery, 
formerly  used  as  a  church,  was  moved  to  the  lot  east  of  the 
girls'  dormitory  and  used  as  a  gymnasium.  Later  it  was  sold 
and  taken  away.     At  the  Appleton  Alumni  reunion.  February 

14,  1912,  Mrs.  James  Barr  Ames  gave  to  the  trustees  the 
dwelling-house  formerly  occupied  by  Mr.  and  Mrs.  S.  T. 
Ames,  thus  carrying  out  the  purpose  of  her  late  husband, 
who  was  a  trustee  and  generous  friend  of  the  institution.    The 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

present  academy  building  was  first  occupied  in  March,  1854, 
and  thus  has  been  in  use  for  sixty  years. 

The  following  is  believed  to  be  a  complete  list  of  the 

John     Hubbard 1789-95 

Samuel   Worcester 1796-97 

David  Palmer 1797-98 

Peter    Cochrane 1799- 

Warren    Pierce 1799-1801 

Closed  two  years. 

Joseph   Mulliken 1804-07 

Benjamin    White 1807- 

Oliver    Swain    Taylor 1808-11 

Luke     Eastman 1812 

Hart    Talcott 1813 

Jesse    Smith 1814-15 

Horace  Hatch 1816 

Elijah    Demond 1817 

Earl    Smith 1818-20 

Amasa   Edes 1820-22 

Rufus  A.  Putnam 1822-25 

Cranmore  Wallace 1825 

Luther   Smith 1826 

Seth    H.    Keeler 1827 

Robert  A.   Coffin 1828-33 

Asahel    Foote 1833 

Stephen  T.  Allen 1833-34 

Charles      Shedd 1834-41 

Josiah  Crosby 1841 

James   K.   Colby 1842 

Abner  S.  Warner 1842-44 

Edward  A.   Lawrence 1844-51 

E.  T.  Quimby 1851-65 

E.   T.    Rowe 1865-66 

E.  W.  Westgate 1866-71 

John   Herbert 1871-74 

William    A.    Preston 1874-1903 

John    Preston 1903-04 

Charles  P.  Poor 1904-05 

Herschel    W.    Lewis 1906- 

The  teacher  in  charge  of  the  Academy  was  first  styled 
rector  after  the  Scotch   custom,  then  preceptor,  and   during 

these  later  years,  principal,  or  more  familiarly,  Prof.  Many 
of  the  principals  were  men  of  marked  ability  and  worthy  of 

John  Hubbard,  son  of  Jonathan,  was  the  first  preceptor, 
and  "soon  brought  the  school  into  public  favor."    "A  public- 


Faculty  Sketches 

spirited  citizen,  the  town  is  much  indebted  to  him  for  the 
spirit  he  infused  and  the  institutions  he  founded.  He  was 
noted  for  his  musical  taste  and  talents." 

"It  was  during  the  administration  of  Mr.  Mulliken  in 
1806  or  1807  that  Miss  Allen,  daughter  of  Rev.  Mr.  Allen  of 
Bradford,  Mass.,  and  afterward  the  wife  of  Thos.  A.  Mirrill, 
D.  D.,  of  Middlebury,  Vt.,  was  engaged  as  preceptress.  She 
was  an  accomplished  teacher  and  had  a  large  class  of  young 
ladies  whom  she  instructed  in  the  higher  branches  of  litera- 
ture, and  in  the  collateral  branches  of  refinement  and  taste 
then  taught  in  the  best  schools  of  female  education.  The 
spare  rooms  in  the  Academy  were  not  large  enough  to  accom- 
modate her  school,  and  she  used  the  hall  in  Mr.  Barrett's 
house  for  a  schoolroom.  No  female  school  of  a  higher  charac- 
ter than  hers  has  ever  been  taught  in  this  place,  and  few  any- 
where else."     (T.  F.) 

Oliver  Swain  Taylor,  a  native  of  this  town,  born  Decem- 
ber 17,  1784,  died  April  19,  1885,  at  Auburn,  N.  Y.  "He  ex- 
ercised the  duties  of  the  position  with  much  success,  and  the 
school  reached  an  unusual  degree  of  prosperity." 

After  one  of  those  periods  of  depression  which  are  certain 
to  occur  in  all  associations,  under  the  care  of  Mr.  Coffin,  as- 
sisted by  his  wife,  the  Academy  "rose  to  a  high  pitch  of 
prosperity,"  which  was  maintained  by  his  successor,  Mr. 

Judging  from  accessible  records  the  greatest  number  of 
students  was  in  1838,  during  the  administration  of  Mr.  Shedd, 
as  there  were  278  different  students  during  that  year.  Tradi- 
tion tells  of  his  success  and  popularity  as  a  teacher. 

Under  the  leadership  of  Mr.  Quimby  the  school  reached  a 
high  standard  of  activity.  His  influence  over  many  of  his  pu- 
pils was  very  great.  Prof.  C.  H.  Chandler,  whom  we  mourn, 
said  that  his  school  life  here  was  of  more  value  to  him  than 
his  college  course. 

Mr.  Herbert  came  here  immediately  after  graduating  at 
Dartmouth.  Though  so  young,  his  discipline  was  worthy  of 
note ;  "like  one  of  the  forces  of  nature,  quiet,  unostentatious, 
but  powerful  and  all-pervasive." 

"Mr.  Preston  was  a  rare  scholar  and  his  instruction  was 
of  a  high  order.  Of  brilliant  and  versatile  mind,  he  possessed 
the  true  genius  of  teaching.  Himself  a  poet,  his  instruction 
in  Latin,  Greek,  and  English  poetry  is  to  be  remembered  as 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

a  rare  privilege.  Mr.  Preston's  teaching  was  supplemented 
in  the  department  of  mathematics  by  that  of  his  brother,  Mr. 
Frank  W.  Preston,  no  less  gifted  as  a  scholar  and  a  teacher." 
(A  former  student.) 

In  1810  there  were  eighty  students,  thirty-five  of  whom 
were  young  women.  At  that  very  year  in  the  (then)  town 
of  Boston,  girls  were  allowed  to  attend  the  public  schools  in 
the  summer  only,  and  not  then  unless  there  were  seats  left 
vacant  by  boys. 

"Mrs.  Preston  (Betsy  Champney)  gives  the  following 
names  of  the  members  of  the  school  in  1787:  Samuel  Farrar, 
(Andover,)  William  Sherwin,  Thomas  Cordis.  (Boston,)  Eben 
Lawrence,  (physician,  Hampton,)  Rev.  John  Miles,  (Grafton,) 
Rev.  David  Kendall,  (Hubbardston,)  Thomas  Hazen,  (Shir- 
ley,) Polly  Farrar,  (Mrs.  Dakin,)  Nancy  Lawrence,  (Mrs.  I. 
Brown  Farrar,)  Dolly  Appleton,  (Mrs.  Everett,)  Jesse  Apple- 
ton,  John  Ware,  John  Sparhawk,  Polly  Hartwell,  (Mrs.  Bel- 
lows,)  Milly  Woods,   (Pepperell,) Crombie."     (T.  F.) 

In  1790  tuition  was  12  shillings  per  quarter;  in  1805  from 
17  to  25  cents  per  week  at  discretion  of  the  preceptor;  in 
1835,  $3.50  to  $4.00  per  term,  and  needlework  25  cents  to  $1.00 
per  term ;  in  1879  tuition  was  $6.00  or  $8.00  per  term.  Now 
it  is  $40.00  per  year.  "In  1852  Monochromatic,  Calligraphic, 
Mezzotint,  or  Crayon  drawing  was  $3.00  per  term."  In  1845 
the  price  of  board  was  $1.33  to  $1.50  per  week.  "Instruction 
was  given  in  music,  vocal  and  instrumental,  penmanship,  elo- 
cution, and  book-keeping,  and  there  were  lectures  on  Anatom}^ 
and  Physiology,  Geology  and  Botany."  Before  the  days  of 
state  normal  schools,  there  was  a  "Teachers'  class"  giving 
instruction  in  the  theory  and  practice  of  teaching,  and  the  best 
methods  of  governing  schools.  In  1851  Mr.  Quimby,  the  new 
principal,  was  requested  to  outline  a  course  of  study,  both 
English  and  classical,  which,  when  completed,  should  entitle 
a  student  to  a  diploma. 

In  1890  a  reunion  of  Appleton  alumni  was  held  in  Boston, 
an  association  formed,  and  a  board  of  officers  chosen  with 
Mr.  John  Herbert  as  president.  This  was  followed  in  a  short 
time  by  a  meeting  at  New  Ipswich,  and  a  great  deal  of  en- 
thusiasm was  aroused.  Now  the  meetings  are  held  in  Boston 
in  mid-winter  once  in  five  years,  and  in  the  summer  midway 
between  the  Boston  meetings  one  is  held  in  New  Ipswich  on 
the  familiar  campus.     A  dinner  is  served  in  a  large  tent,  with 


Present  Conditions 

after-dinner  speaking,  an  informal  social  evening  in  Academy 
hall,  and  much  interchange  of  reminiscences  and  the  life- 
history  of  friends.  In  1891  a  catalogue  of  the  alumni  was 
published  containing  more  than  1500  names.  We  may  well 
be  proud  of  our  alumni.  Scattered  throughout  the  world,  many 
of  them  have  made  their  names  famous,  and  wherever  they 
may  be  found  they  are,  with  few  exceptions,  helping  the  world 
along  in  the  right  direction. 

In  the  latter  part  of  the  last  century  the  school  passed 
through  a  period  of  depression,  as  it  had  several  times  pre- 
viously in  its  history,  and  the  number  of  pupils  became  small. 
With  the  coming  of  the  new  century  several  new  trustees 
were  added  to  the  board,  who  contributed  liberally  to  its  im- 
provement. Over  $5000  was  spent  in  repairs.  The  building 
was  renovated ;  laboratories,  chemical  and  physical,  equipped 
with  the  needful  apparatus ;  new  floors  laid ;  a  furnace  in- 
stalled which  provides  a  comfortable  temperature  ;  important 
additions  made  to  the  library,  and  everything  brought  up  to 
modern  requirements.  The  Academy  has  a  fund  of  about 
$50,000  carefully  invested. 

We  now  have  a  man  as  principal  and  two  young  women 
as  assistant  teachers,  all  college  graduates.  To  quote  from 
the  annual  prospectus,  "The  course  of  study  at  New  Ipswich 
Appleton  Academy  is  designed  primarily  to  give  the  students 
an  all-round  training  and  to  develop  their  practical  as  well 
as  their  mental  abilities,  that  they  may  become  good  farmers 
and  good  business  men,  as  well  as  good  lawyers,  doctors,  or 
teachers.  To  this  end  two  courses  of  study  are  laid  out,  desig- 
nated as  the  College  course  and  the  General  or  English  course. 
A  special  elective  course  in  Science  is  provided  for  those  who 
desire  to  enter  a  scientific  school."  To  these  is  added  more 
recently  a  course  in  domestic  science,  to  be  followed  so  soon 
as  possible  by  one  in  practical  agriculture. 

The  general  intelligence  and  literary  cultivation  of  the 
people  of  New  Ipswich  is  spoken  of  by  strangers  as  unusual  for 
a  country  town.  This  is  due  in  very  large  measure  to  the 
opportunities  given  by  the  Academy  for  a  larger  education 
and  broader  knowledge  of  the  world  of  literature  and  science. 

May  the  sons  and  daughters  of  Appleton  cherish  the  mem- 
ory of  their  Alma  Mater  and  help  her  to  be  more  and  more  a 
blessing  to  future  generations. 





^npHE  necessities  of  frontier  life  made  it  essential  that  the 
-*-  abundant  waterpower  of  the  region  should  be  utilized 
for  the  daily  needs  of  the  people  and,  later,  its  use  for  manu- 
facturing purposes  has  been  one  of  the  chief  sources  of  the 
enterprise  and  prosperity  of  the  town.  The  earliest  known 
record  is  of  a  sawmill  built  by  the  Massachusetts  proprietors 
prior  to  1741,  probably  on  the  site  of  the  Farrar  mills.  To 
carry  grain  ten  miles  to  Townsend  over  the  rough  road  was 
burdensome,  and  a  committee  representing  the  town  con- 
tracted with  John  Chandler  of  Westford  to  build  a  sawmill 
which  should  be  "ready  for  service  by  the  last  of  October. 
1750,  and  the  corn  mill  in  October,  1751."  In  1768  these  mills 
were  purchased  by  Capt.  Eleazar  Cummings. 

Zachariah  Adams  and  John  Breed  built  the  mills  in  Mill 
Village  (now  Smithville)  as  early  as  1764.  Though  burned 
at  least  three  times,  they  have  always  been  at  once  rebuilt  and 
constantly  in  use.  The  plant  is  now  owned  and  used  by 
Charles  Wheeler  and  sons. 

Farrar's  mill  on  Saw  Mill  Brook,  built  about  1790,  was 
first  a  gristmill.  In  1816  a  carding  machine  was  added.  The 
mill  privilege  has  been  used  by  Hervey  Batcheller,  and  later 
by  Warren  Pratt  for  making  cigar  boxes.  On  the  opposite 
side  of  the  road,  and  on  the  same  stream,  a  mill  was  built 
later  for  making  potato  starch,  but  it  was  not  a  financial  suc- 
cess. The  name  still  clings  to  the  beautiful  little  sheet  of 
water,  and  it  has  been  the  place  where  the  boys  of  the  village 
have  taken  their  first  lessons  in  the  art  of  swimming.  In 
1860-65  cotton  batting  was  manufactured  there.  About  1870 
Charles  C.  Bellows  purchased  the  mill  privilege  and  there 
made  washing  machines,  spring  beds,  and  creasing  machines. 
After  the  death  of  Mr.  Bellows,  the  work  was  carried  on  by 
F.  N.  Gibson  for  many  years.  It  is  now  used  as  a  grist  and 
sawmill  by  W.  D.  Ashley,  who  has  rebuilt  the  dam  that  he 
may  secure  a  larger  and  better  amount  of  ice  for  sale  in 



In  1776  a  "Clothier's  Works  and  Fulling  Mill"  was  built 
on  the  present  site  of  the  Waterloom  mill.  In  1800  it  was 
purchased  by  Ephraim  Hartwell,  who  there  made  linseed  oil, 
and  oatmeal  for  the  druggists  of  Boston,  who  had  previously 
imported  the  article.  This  was  done  under  the  direction  of 
James  Barr  of  Scotland.     They  also  manufactured  malt. 

"Before  the  year  1800  John  Putnam,  under  the  patronage 
of  Ephraim  Hartwell,  commenced  the  manufacture  of  scythes. 
He  first  had  a  trip-hammer  at  Mill  Village,  but  later  erected 
the  works  down  the  stream."  It  is  perhaps  on  this  account 
that  the  mill  is  spoken  of  as  the  "Old  Iron  Works."  In  1810 
the  mill  became  a  cotton  factory,  and  in  1826  it  was  converted 
into  a  sawmill.  Bedsteads,  washing  machines,  churns,  etc.,  were 
made  there  and  many  varieties  of  work  which  come  under 
the  head  of  wood-turning.  It  is  now  owned  by  Albert  F. 
Walker  &  Son,  who  are  developing  a  fine  and  growing 

About  1845  Charles  Taylor  built  a  sawmill  and  manufac- 
tured doors,  blinds,  window  sashes,  chairs  (cane  seat),  and 
churns.  The  plant  is  now  owned  by  Charles  Hughes,  who 
uses  it  as  a  gristmill  and  also  for  wood-turning. 

In  the  old  sawmill  Jonas  Nutting  and  Stephen  Sylvester 
made  wooden  chairs,  and  also  used  it  as  a  saw  and  gristmill. 

Balch's  mill,  formerly  Gibson's,  built  about  1800,  is  now 
owned  by  A.  L.  Balch,  who  uses  it  as  a  sawmill  and  also  does 

The  Waterloom  mill  in  Bank  Village,  a  substantial  brick 
structure  erected  in  1821,  was  originally  84  feet  long,  40  feet 
wide,  and  three  stories  high,  each  story  being  ten  feet  high, 
well  lighted,  and  all  in  one  room.  Some  years  later  the  build- 
ing was  considerably  enlarged.  At  first  there  was  woven 
sheeting,  and  later  jeans  and  flannels,  and  a  fine,  heavy  quality 
of  blue  denim,  which  found  a  ready  sale  in  foreign  markets. 
The  Columbian  Manufacturing  Company  bought  the  mill  in 
1855.  In  May,  1895,  the  building  was  condemned  as  unsafe, 
was  dismantled,  and  the  machinery  removed  elsewhere.  This 
mill  is  said  to  have  been  the  first  one  in  New  Hampshire  in 
which  power  looms  were  used. 

The  first  mill  at  High  Bridge  went  into  operation  about 
1825,  and  was  burned  August  31,  1838,  with  an  estimated  loss 
of  $30,000.  It  was  rebuilt  and  again  destroyed  by  fire  in 
1872.     In   1875-76  the  present  beautiful  brick  structure  was 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

erected  and  put  in  operation  on  the  same  site  near  the  Souhe- 
gan  River,  from  which  it  largely  derives  its  motive  power. 
This  mill  is  150  feet  long,  60  feet  wide,  and  five  stories  high, 
with  a  picker-house  and  a  cotton-house  attached.  A  large  and 
handsome  tower  ornaments  its  front  and  affords  a  fine  en- 
trance to  the  building.  At  the  present  writing  (1913),  the 
mill  has  5800  spindles  and  148  looms  in  operation,  requiring 
the  employment  of  80  hands.  It  is  lighted  by  electricity,  and 
its  whole  equipment  is  up-to-date  and  of  the  most  approved 
kind.  Men  now  run  from  sixteen  to  twenty  looms  where 
formerly  they  could  run  only  four  looms.  The  mill  uses  90 
bales  of  cotton  per  week,  which  is  converted  into  800  cuts  of 
blue  and  mixed  denim  and  striped  cheviot.  The  plant  has  a 
waterwheel  of  300-horse  power,  and  when  the  supply  of  water 
is  short,  two  engines  in  the  basement  of  250  and  80-horse 
power  keep  the  machinery  in  action.  The  mill  is  operated 
almost  without  interruption,  and  at  the  present  time  is  the 
town's  largest  and  strongest  business  enterprise.  Careful  re- 
search shows  that  ten  cotton  mills  have  been  operated  in 
town.    At  present  there  is  only  one,  that  at  High  Bridge. 

"During  the  Revolution  window  glass  was  very  scarce." 
An  establishment  for  its  manufacture  was  started  just  over 
the  town  line  in  Temple,  but  it  was  financed  and  directed  by 
New  Ipswich  men.  At  the  close  of  the  war  glass  was  im- 
ported at  very  low  prices  and  the  enterprise  was  financially 
a  failure,  but  its  promoters  have  the  glory  of  manufacturing 
the  first  glass  in  America.  There  are  many  specimens  of  the 
work  to  be  found  among  the  ancient  treasures  in  our  homes. 

"A  tanyard  was  very  early  established  on  the  west  side 
of  the  Jo  Kidder  brook,  and  the  north  side  of  the  road,  where 
the  blacksmith's  shop  now  stands.  By  whom  the  business 
was  carried  on,  I  do  not  recollect.  The  building  was  after- 
ward turned  into  a  pottery  establishment,  and  brown  earthen- 
ware was  made  and  burned  in  a  kiln  there  near  the  close  of 
the  last  century,  after  the  suppression  of  the  tannery."     (T.  F., 


For  many  years  the  making  of  cigars  was  a  prominent  in- 
dustry carried  on  by  Stephen  Thayer  and  Moses  Brickett,  who 
each  employed  forty  or  fifty  people,  also  there  were  several 
smaller  establishments. 

Tinware  was  made  by  Sanders  Bros.,  Albert  Thayer, 
Charles  R.  Fletcher,  and  others. 







Tradition  tells  us  that  at  the  "Forge"  there  were  made 
nails  and  stove-castings,  and  it  is  said  that  the  iron  fence 
before  the  Barrett  mansion  was  made  there. 

Bakehouse  Village  was  so  named  because  in  1785  Samuel 
Batcheller  had  a  bakery  there.  This  business  was  carried  on 
there  and  in  the  Center  Village  by  various  parties  until  the 
later  years  of  the  last  century. 

Among  other  manufactures  in  the  past  we  may  note : 
broadcloths,  satinet,  velvets,  ticking,  Avagons,  windows,  doors, 
chairs,  carriages,  blinds,  coffins,  printing-sticks,  barrels, 
matches,  trunks,  saddles,  harness,  shoes,  hats,  guns,  earthen- 
ware (1792),  ink,  essences,  ashes  (pot,  1795,  and  pearl),  soap 
(hard  and  soft). 


In  1793  a  town  library  was  established  by  subscriptions 
and  held  in  shares.  This  library  of  three  or  four  hundred 
volumes  was  burned  in  1812. 

In  1866  the  women  of  New  Ipswich,  under  the  leadership 
of  Miss  Caroline  F.  Barr,  took  measures  to  raise  funds  for  a 
public  library.  Former  residents  and  all  interested  in  the 
town  were  asked  to  help  us,  and  we  used  all  means  in  our 
power  to  raise  money.  At  first  we  were  given  a  room  in  the 
Bank  building,  but  when  those  quarters  became  too  crowded 
measures  were  taken  to  provide  suitable  accommodations 
elsewhere,  and  the  beautiful  building  which  was  first  occu- 
pied in  1895  is  not  only  a  delight  to  the  eye  but  helpful  to 
the  village  as  a  rallying  center  for  much  that  is  both  pleasura- 
ble and  uplifting. 

We  have  a  carefully  selected  and  well-balanced  library  of 
more  than  6000  volumes ;  a  reading-room  with  best  periodi- 
cals;  a  fine  reference  library;  a  department  for  the  children 
with  table  and  chairs  of  suitable  size,  games  and  periodicals 
to  attract  them ;  an  Arts  and  Crafts  department  of  more  than 
140  volumes;  a  Farmer's  shelf;  nature  books  in  wide  variety; 
a  well-chosen  Biblical  library;  and  the  object  of  our  greatest 
pride,  a  case  devoted  to  books  written  by  natives  or  residents 
of  New  Ipswich  and  containing  more  than  80  volumes.  We 
have  complete  files  of  the  Farmers'  Almanac  for  the  last  cen- 
tury and  catalogues  of  our  Academy.  The  rooms  are  open 
Wednesday  and  Saturday  in  the  afternoon  and  evening. 
Books  can  be  taken  out  by  anyone  resident  or  visiting  in  the 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

town,  and  there  is  no  fee.  The  shelves  are  accessible  to  all, 
a  privilege  highly  prized  by  those  who  are  accustomed  to 
select  from  a  catalogue  only. 

In  1902  Mrs.  Sarah  (Fletcher)  Hubbard  left  a  bequest  of 
$4,000,  $1,000  of  which  was  to  be  spent  at  once  for  books; 
her  will  named  the  committee  who  were  to  select  them,  and 
the  books  purchased  with  this  bequest  were  to  be  called  "The 
Helen  Fletcher  Collection"  in  memory  of  her  sister.  The 
building  was  not  large  enough  to  accommodate  this  addition 
ahd  an  annex  was  built  and  paid  for  by  Prof.  James  Barr 
Ames,  who  then  paid  the  salary  of  the  librarian. 

William  Boynton,  a  trustee,  left  $5,000  to  the  library,  the 
income  to  be  used  for  books  and  periodicals.  Samuel  H. 
Wentworth,  a  former  student  of  the  Academy,  left  $1,000  in 
memory  of  his  sister,  Mrs.  Lydia  C.  Wentworth  Lee.  Henry 
Ames  Blood,  a  former  resident,  left  $10,000  in  trust  to  his 
widow  for  the  use  of  the  library.  The  recent  deaths  of  mem- 
bers of  his  household  make  this  available  for  use  so  soon  as 
the  estate  is  settled. 

"An  ideal  village  library  in  appearance,  management,  and 
influence."  The  good  done  here  cannot  be  overestimated  and 
it  will  go  on. 

Country  Club 

Our  fathers,  unwittingly  it  may  be,  chose  a  beautiful  situ- 
ation for  the  town  of  their  care  and  hope.  Standing  nearly 
at  the  base  of  the  foothills,  it  combines  the  power  and  majesty 
of  the  hills  with  the  charm  and  beauty  of  the  river  and  the 
plain.  When  during  the  latter  part  of  the  last  century  dwell- 
ers in  city  homes  learned  the  value  of  country  life  in  the  sum- 
mer, New  Ipswich  thus  received  her  full  share  of  guests.  It 
is  said  that  one  year  there  were  six  hundred  summer  so- 
journers in  town.  Families  who  came  here  repeatedly  became 
so  attached  to  the  region  that  they  purchased  houses  or  farms 
to  be  occupied  in  summer  as  homes.  Thus  a  new  element 
came  into  our  social  life,  and  the  young  people  must  be 
amused.  A  croquet  ground  was  laid  out  in  the  Barrett  mea- 
dow, of  such  excellence  that  it  received  complimentary  notice 
in  the  New  York  Independent ;  tennis  courts  were  laid  out 
in  the  same  field ;  bath-houses  built  at  the  river. 

Most  important  of  all  was  the  organization  of  the  Souhegan 
Country  Club.    In  1899  eight  men  bought  the  Jonas  Woolson 



farm  on  "Sol  Davis  Hill,"  and  they  now  lease  it  to  the  club. 
The  house,  built  in  1743,  retains  the  vast  fireplaces,  the  huge 
chimney,  and  the  steep  and  narrow  stairs ;  otherwise  it  has 
been  modernized  most  tastefully.  The  men's  room  is  fitted 
up  in  the  fashion  of  an  English  grill-room.  The  view  from 
the  lookout  is  one  of  the  finest  in  this  town  of  glorious  views. 
There  are  golf  links  and  a  tennis  court.  The  clubhouse  is 
open  for  the  entertainment  of  members  and  their  friends  every 
Saturday  during  the  summer,  and  daily  through  the  month 
of  August,  and  is  a  delightful  social  center.  There  are  more 
than  one  hundred  members,  including  people  of  neighboring 
towns,  and  others  who  are  interested  in  the  life  of  New 
Ipswich.  The  owners  are  Edward  O.  Marshall,  Ralph  E. 
Parker,  Frank  W.  Preston,  and  John  Preston,  of  New  Ipswich; 
Frederic  W.  Ely  and  Herbert  J.  Taft  of  Greenville ;  Simpson 
C.  Heald  of  Wilton ;  and  John  W.  Bemis  of  Temple. 

The  Children's  Fair 

Among  all  the  reasons  for  our  pride  in  our  beloved  town, 
not  the  least  is  the  fact  that  the  Children's  Fair  was  invented 

Rev.  Calvin  Cutler  and  Prof.  E.  T.  Quimby  of  the  Acad- 
emy, while  considering  ways  in  which  the  children  of  the 
Congregational  church  might  be  interested  in  the  various 
charities  of  the  church,  evolved  the  plan  which  later  took 
form  as  the  Children's  Fair.  Each  child  was  encouraged  to 
earn  money  during  the  summer.  A  boy  had  a  space  given 
him  for  a  garden  where  he  raised  vegetables  or  what  he  chose. 
Girls  had  other  ways  of  earning  money,  and  later  there  was  a 
fancy  table  devoted  to  their  contributions. 

Wednesday  in  early  October  the  large  room  under  the 
auditorium  of  the  old  church  was  open  early  in  the  morning. 
The  posters  had  said  "Donors  admitted  free,"  and  every  child 
had  the  proud  consciousness  of  being  a  "Donor,"  spelling  it 
with  a  capital  D.  Each  gift  was  labeled  with  a  number,  the 
name  of  the  giver,  and  the  object  to  which  the  proceeds  of 
its  sale  were  to  be  given.  The  vegetables  and  fruits  were 
placed  on  a  broad  table  which  extended  nearly  the  length  of 
the  room,  to  be  seen  and  admired  by  all.  Tables  were  laid 
for  a  dinner,  and  at  noon  every  seat  was  taken.  The  baked 
beans,  brown   bread,   cold   meats,   doughnuts,   pumpkin   pies, 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

were  all  of  the  best  quality  and  very  tempting  to  the  appetite 
of  those  who  had  come  perhaps  from  a  neighboring  town.  At 
another  table  sandwiches  and  food  that  could  be  taken  in  the 
hand  were  provided  for  a  nominal  price  for  those  who  did 
not  go  to  the  dinner  table. 

After  dinner  the  children  recited  their  "pieces,"  perhaps 
written  for  the  occasion,  and  dialogues  and  singing  filled  an 
hour.  Then  came  the  event  of  the  day — the  Auction.  Each 
donation  was  held  up  on  high  by  the  auctioneer,  bids  were 
called  for  and  came  thick  and  fast  with  good-natured  rivalry 
and  fun.  The  day  was  given  up  to  the  children  and  they  en- 
joyed it  to  the  full.  On  the  Common  the  boys  played  base- 
ball or  kindred  games,  watched  by  many  who  were  not  in- 
terested in  the  auction. 

In  more  recent  years  similar  fairs  have  been  held  in  other 
towns  as  they  have  seen  the  success  of  this  original  institution. 

The  first  fair  was  held  in  1862,  and  without  a  break  they 
have  continued  for  more  than  fifty  years.  The  amount  of 
money  raised  during  that  time  for  various  benevolent  objects 
is  $4,265,  and  it  is  distributed  between  twenty-eight  different 
charities,  mostly  out  of  town.  These  are  the  gifts.  The  good 
gained  by  the  givers  cannot  be  reckoned  here  or  in  the  present 

The  Revere  Bell 

In  1815  a  few  individuals  by  private  subscription  raised 
the  sum  of  $593  for  the  purchase  of  a  bell,  which  we  have 
recently  learned  was  from  the  foundry  of  Paul  Revere.  The 
following  correspondence  is  of  interest. 

55  Mt.  Vernon  Street,  Boston. 
To  the  Town  Clerk,  New  Ipswich,  N.  H. 

Dear  Sir:  I  am  trying  to  trace  the  bells  cast  by  Paul  Revere,  a 
complete  list  of  which  has  recently  been  found,  contained  in  his  old 

In  the  year  1815  a  bell  weighing  1116  pounds  was  sold  to  the  town 
of  New  Ipswich,  presumably  hung  in  the  parish  church. 

I  shall  be  greatly  obliged  if  you  can  ascertain  for  me  whether  this 
bell  is  still  in  use,  or  if  otherwise,  when  it  was  destroyed.  Thanking 
you  in  advance  for  this  favor,  I  am 

Yours  very  truly, 
March  8,  1910.  Arthut  H.  Nichols. 

An  answer  to  this  letter  was  sent  at  once,  saying  that  the 
bell  was  destroyed  when  the  church  was  burned.  Dr.  Nichols 
answered  as  follows:  ^^q 


„         ,,      T3  March   14,   1910. 

Dear  Mr.  Phelps  :  ' 

I  am  very  grateful  to  you  for  your  courteous  reply  to  my  inquiry 
about  the  old  Revere  bell  of  New  Ipswich.  The  very  full  and  accurate 
history  given   will   be  very  helpful  to   me. 

The  bell  was  sold  by  Paul  Revere  May  2,  1815.  its  weight  was 
1089  pounds,  that  of  its  tongue  27  pounds. 

You  say  that  it  was  sweet-toned.  I  do  not  doubt  that  it  was  of 
superior  quality,  for  about  that  period  Revere  was  casting  his  best  bells, 
and  the  weight  of  your  bell  was  above  the  average.  It  is  a  pity  to  have 
lost  such  a  historic  object.  I  shall  take  pleasure  in  mailing  to  you  a 
copy  of  my  paper  when  published. 

Yours  very  truly, 
March  8,  1910.  Arthur  H.  Nichols. 


The  earliest  cemetery  was  on  the  Farrar  Hill  opposite 
the  first  meeting-house.  In  1752  the  Hill  burying-ground 
was  laid  out.  In  1778  the  South  cemetery  near  Smithville 
was  devoted  to  the  burial  of  the  dead,  and  John  Breed  was 
probably  the  first  person  buried  there.  The  land  for  the  Main 
cemetery  was  bought  in  1809  and  Mrs.  Elizabeth  Appleton 
was  buried  there  in  October  of  that  year.  Twice  since  then 
needed  additions  have  been  made  by  the  purchase  of  land  in 
the  rear  of  the  cemetery  until  now  it  comprises  a  territory  of 
about  ten  acres. 

In  1849  public-spirited  citizens,  prominent  among  whom 
were  Mrs.  Henry  Isaacs  and  Dr.  T.  H.  Cochrane,  greatly  im- 
proved the  appearance  of  the  Main  cemetery  and  for  many 
years  it  was  attractive;  but  lacking  the  care  that  is  needed 
by  all  public  domains,  it  grew  to  look  neglected  and  unsightly. 
In  1889  Capt.  G.  H.  Hubbard  had  taken  a  lot  for  himself  and 
family,  and  he  said  'T  would  give  $300  toward  improving  that 
place  if  anyone  else  would  help."  Finding  that  he  meant 
all  that  he  said  two  women,  Mrs.  S.  T.  Ames  and  Miss  Sarah 
F.  Lee,  aided  on  some  points  by  the  wise  advice  of  Mr.  George 
R.  Barrett,  took  the  matter  in  charge  and  within  six  months 
the  whole  appearance  of  the  cemetery  was  changed.  A  high 
and  long  bank  which  had  been  deeply  washed  by  rain  was 
turfed  and  made  most  beautiful.  Trees  were  trimmed,  shrubs 
were  cut  down,  thus  revealing  monuments  which  had  been 
concealed  for  years,  tombs  the  walls  of  which  were  broken 
were  closed  and  made  sanitary,  headstones  were  cleaned  and 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

set  in  straight  lines,  and  a  quagmire  was  cleared  and  became 
a  beautiful  pond.  Funds  for  this  work  were  contributed  by 
persons  out  of  town  whose  relations  are  buried  here.  The 
amount  expended  was  more  than  $900,  besides  the  first  gift 
of  $300  and  $200  given  by  the  town. 

Several  citizens  have  left  liberal  amounts  of  money  for 
perpetual  care  of  their  lots. 

It  is  hoped  that  the  town  will  appoint  a  cemetery  com- 
mission as  has  been  done  in  many  places.  In  that  case  many 
other  lots  would  be  left  in  care  of  the  town. 

In  1906-07  Prof.  C.  H.  Chandler  copied  all  the  inscriptions 
on  the  gravestones  in  the  three  cemeteries  in  the  town.  They 
are  arranged,  indexed,  and  will  eventually  be  given  to  the 
town  by  his  children.  At  that  date  there  had  been  1673  burials, 
besides  many  that  are  not  marked  in  any  way. 

Stearns  Lecture  Fund 

In  1899  Capt.  Albert  Stearns  of  Syracuse,  New  York, 
whose  boyhood  was  passed  here,  gave  the  town  $3,000  as  a 
fund,  the  income  of  which  should  be  devoted  to  lectures  and 
entertainments,  musical  or  otherwise.  In  1907  Capt.  Stearns 
added  $2,000  to  the  fund  and  again  in  1912  another  gift  of 
$2,000  was  added  to  the  endowment,  making  $7,000  in  all. 
These  entertainments  have  been  both  instructive  and  amusing 
and  have  given  pleasure  to  large  audiences. 

Homestead  Inn 

Among  the  many  charities  of  the  present  time  there  is  no 
one  more  beautiful  than  the  sharing  by  fortunate  ones  of  the 
fresh  air  and  sunlight  of  the  country  with  those  to  whom  it 
is  denied  in  the  crowded  city. 

Some  twenty  years  ago  Rev.  George  J.  Prescott,  rector  of 
the  Church  of  the  Good  Shepherd  in  Boston,  purchased  the 
house  formerly  occupied  by  Rev.  Richard  Hall  and  later  by 
Mrs.  Clary;  members  of  his  parish  and  others  supplied  money 
for  the  needed  changes  and  furnishings,  and  it  became  a  house 
of  refuge  for  weary  shopgirls  and  self-supporting  women  who 
need  the  rest  and  tonic  of  quiet,  fresh  air,  abundant  food,  and 
social  cheer.  All  this  is  given  them  for  a  nominal  sum  that 
their  self-respect  may  not  be  troubled.    This  summer  vacation 



house  receives  thirty  guests  and  sometimes  a  larger  number. 
Every  Sunday  morning  there  is  an  Episcopal  service  in  the 
little  chapel,  which  is  open  to  the  people  of  the  village  who 
wish  to  attend.  Many  a  weary  woman  after  spending  a  few 
weeks  here  goes  home  cheered  and  refreshed  and  ready  to 
meet  the  work  another  year. 

The  New  Ipstvich  Colony  in  Iowa 

In  1836  four  families  emigrated  from  this  town  and  church 
to  Denmark  in  what  was  then  Wisconsin  Territory,  now  in 
Iowa.  Within  a  short  time  they  were  followed  by  eight  other 
families.  They  all  carried  with  them  the  same  standard  of  right 
living  and  wise  planning  for  the  best  interest  of  those  who 
should  come  after  them  that  they  had  known  here.  Those 
who  "laid  out  the  town  of  Denmark,  which  is  three-fourths 
of  a  mile  square,  into  town  lots  for  building,  donated  one-half 
of  those  lots  to  the  purpose  of  Education."  In  the  building  of 
a  church  and  of  an  academy  they  followed  as  closely  as  possi- 
ble the  example  set  by  the  founders  of  New  Ipswich.  This  is 
the  oldest  Congregational  church  in  Iowa.  They  were  early 
known  as  champions  of  freedom.  "Under  the  leadership  of 
their  pastor,  Rev.  Asa  Turner,  they  joined  with  others  in  the 
election  of  Governor  Grimes  in  1854,  which  changed  the  politi- 
cal history  of  Iowa  and  gave  birth  to  the  Republican  party  in 
the  nation." 

Dr.  Turner  and  Rev.  Mr.  Lee  were  classmates  at  Yale 
College  and  lifelong  friends.  His  pastorate  continued  for 
thirty  years ;  and  his  influence  led  to  Iowa  the  eleven  young 
men  from  Andover  Seminary  who  formed  the  "Iowa  Band," 
one  of  whom,  their  historian,  was  Rev.  Ephraim  Adams,  a 
son  of  New  Ipswich. 

Drinking  Fountain 

At  the  foot  of  turnpike  hill,  going  west  from  the  village, 
is  a  drinking  fountain  for  the  use  of  horses  and  also  of  human 
beings,  with  this  inscription:  "Presented  to  the  town  of 
New  Ipswich  by  Capt.  John  S.  Hubbard  of  Concord,  N.  H., 
Sept.  12,  1893." 

This  generous  "cup  of  cold  water"  is  a  blessing  to  those 
who  pass  by  and 

"its  draught 
Of  cool  refreshment  drained  by  fevered  lips," 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

shall    for   many   years   invoke   blessings   on   the   head   of   the 

Telegraph  and  Telephone 

A  telegraph  line  was  established  here  in  1877. 

A  telephone  line  was  built  from  Greenville  to  the  Center 
Village  in  1901,  by  F.  W.  Preston,  John  Preston,  Wilbur  L. 
Phelps,  and  Eugene  B.  Beard.  They  owned  it  for  five  years 
and  then  sold  the  line  to  the  New  England  Telegraph  and 
Telephone  Co.  It  has  been  extended  during  the  past  few 
years,  having  more  than  sixty  subscribers  here,  so  that  it  now 
practically  covers  the  town.     {A.  L.  P.) 

Sidewalks  and  Street  Lights 

Many  years  ago  (1872)  the  wife  of  a  minister  who  had  just 
come  to  the  Congregational  parsonage  deplored,  with  abun- 
dant reason,  the  absence  of  sidewalks  in  our  village.  Under 
her  active  leadership  in  many  and  various  ways  money  was 
raised  to  make  good  sidewalks,  to  set  out  shade  trees,  and  to 
provide  street  lamps.  Within  a  few  years  an  association  has 
been  organized  to  carry  on  this  work  still  farther  and  several 
dilapidated  buildings  have  been  purchased  and  taken  down. 
This  Village  Improvement  Society  has  lately  become  an  in- 
corporated body  capable  of  holding  real  estate,  and  as  such 
it  has  received  the  gift  of  Union  Hall.  It  is  hoped  that  the 
rent  of  this  hall  will  add  materially  to  the  income  for  various 

The  town  now  has  charge  of  lighting  the  lamps. 


A  postofifice  was  established  in  New  Ipswich  in  the  autumn 
of  1800.  The  following  is  the  list  of  postmasters  and  the  date 
of  appointment  given  by  the  Postofitice  Department  in  Wash- 

Samuel    Batchelder Jan.   1,  1801. 

Benjamin   Champney Feb.  2,  1802. 

Sampson    Fletcher July  8,   1822. 

Josiah  W.  Spaulding March  23,    1839. 

Charles  Hastings,  Jr March    10,    1843. 

Charles     Chickening July  31,    1845. 

Edward  M.  Isaacs April  23,   1849. 

John     Peabody Feb.  3,   1855. 

John  U.  Davis July  23,  1855. 



John    G.    Leonard Oct.  24,  1857. 

Charles   A.    Whitney May  31,  1861. 

Henry  O.  Preston June  13,  1878. 

Charles  S.   Brown Aug.  24,  1885. 

Joseph  E.  F.  Marsh,  Jr Feb.   10,   1890. 

Bessie  M.   Tarbell July  22,  1893. 

Bessie  M.  T.  Thompson  ....  June  29,  1896. 

Bessie  M.  Gushing Sept.  27,  1909. 

Samuel  Batchelder  had  the  office  at  his  store  in  Bakehouse 
(now  Davis)  Village.  Benjamin  Champney  at  first  had  the 
office  in  his  law  office,  a  small  building  "situated  under  the 
shade  of  a  large  willow  tree  on  the  north  side  of  the  road 
just  across  the  brook,  near  the  late  Dr.  Barr's  residence." 
Later  it  was  at  the  old  corner  store,  and  in  1822  was  removed 
to  the  house  of  Mr.  Fletcher  across  the  street. 

Tradition  tells  us  that  Mr.  Hastings  had  the  office  in  the 
building  east  of  the  Appleton  Inn,  formerly  the  apothecary's 
shop  of  Dr.  Preston.  Mr.  Chickering  occupied  a  room  in  the 
old  hotel.  Mr.  Leonard  had  the  office  at  the  Nichols  house 
east  of  the  old  hotel ;  Mr.  Isaacs,  at  the  old  corner  store,  where 
has  been  its  abiding-place  since  1861,  so  long  that  the  stone 
doorsteps  have  been  hollowed  by  the  tread  of  many  feet.  For 
many  years  we  have  for  such  a  small  town  been  exceptionally 
fortunate  in  our  postal  facilities,  three  mails  each  day  to  Bos- 
ton and  as  many  in  return.  A  postal  car  on  our  branch  rail- 
road makes  it  possible  for  a  letter  to  go  from  New  Ipswich 
to  Chicago  as  quickly  as  would  an  individual. 

In  1801  one  letter  was  received.  Who  was  the  recipient 
of  this  historic  document?  In  1913  the  number  of  letters  sent 
away  was  approximately  30,000  and  a  much  larger  number 
was  received. 

In  1884  a  postoffice  was  established  at  Bank  Village; 
postmasters,  Charles  L.  Tarbell,  1884-1895,  Ida  M.  Frye, 
1895-.  In  1892  a  postoffice  was  established  at  Smithville 
(formerly  Smith  or  Mill  Village)  ;  postmasters,  Lyman  M. 
Chandler,  1892-95,  Carrie  B.  Chandler,  May,  1895,  Herbert  W. 
Chandler,  December,  1895-. 

Free  Masons 

Bethel  Lodge,  No.  24,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  was  in.stituted 
in  1815,  the  members  constituting  it  having  been  dismissed 
from  a  lodge  in  Ashby.     John  Everett  was  the  first  master, 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

and  N.  D.  Gould  was  his  successor.  For  many  years  their 
meetings  were  held  in  what  was  long  known  as  "Silver's 
store."  In  1903,  through  the  untiring  efforts  of  the  late  Frank 
W.  Preston,  assisted  by  the  generosity  of  Mrs.  George  R. 
Barrett  and  others,  the  entire  building  was  purchased  and 
fitted  up  in  a  way  suitable  for  their  needs  and  convenience. 
Its  members  are  few  and  widely  scattered,  and  the  scythe  of 
time  has  made  sad  inroads  in  the  lodge  during  the  past  few 
years.     (A.  L.  P.) 

Fire  Department 

Arthur  E.  Chase,  chief  of  the  fire  department,  states  that 
"the  firemen  number  four  engineers  and  seventy-eight  men, 
with  three  hand  fire  engines,"  and  also  that  "the  town  com- 
pared to  its  population  is  one  of  the  best-equipped  towns  in 
the  state." 

The  Children's  Oak 

Nearly  fifty  years  ago  the  building  originally  erected  for 
the  use  of  the  Methodist  church  and  later  occupied  by  the 
Second  Congregational  church  was  purchased  by  the  trustees 
of  the  Academy  and  moved  to  the  corner  east  of  the  girls' 
dormitory  to  be  used  as  a  gymnasium.  In  the  journey  the  old 
oak  tree  beside  the  road  was  in  the  way  and  plans  were  made 
to  cut  it  down. 

Mr.  William  Preston,  with  his  reverence  for  the  old  land- 
mark, felt  that  such  a  sacrilege  should  not  be  allowed,  and  he 
at  once  purchased  the  tree  of  its  owner,  and  added  a  touch 
of  sentiment  by  giving  it  to  the  children  of  the  district  school 
nearby,  thus  ensuring  its  perpetual  ownership  and  care. 
Others  older  than  the  children  are  Mr.  Preston's  debtors  for 
this  graceful  conservation  of  an  important  unit  in  our  forests. 
Some  years  ago  an  expert  estimated  the  age  of  the  tree  to 
be  more  than  250  years,  thus  making  it  our  oldest  inhabitant. 

The  Children's  Oak!  may  its  beauty  continue  for  other 

Portraits  in  the  Tozvn  Hail 

A  fine  portrait  of  Judge  Timothy  Farrar  was  given  the 
town  in  1870  by  the  widow  of  Hon.  Charles  G.  Atherton  and 
it  was  hung  in  the  town  hall  directly  behind  the  speaker's 



desk.  In  1895  Mr.  Frank  W.  Preston  and  family  gave  several 
other  portraits  of  deceased  citizens  of  the  town.  Others  have 
been  added,  until  now  the  walls  are  well  filled  with  pleasant 
reminders  of  those  who  formerly  were  prominent  in  town 

A  list  of  them  is  given  in  the  order  in  which  they  are 

Hon.   Timothy  Farrar  Stephen  Thayer 

Rev.  Samuel  Lee  Benjamin   Champney 

George  Barrett  John  Preston 

Henry  O.  Preston  William  A.  Preston 

George  W.  Wheeler,  2d.  Frank  W.   Preston 

Stephen  Wheeler  Charles  R.  Fletcher 

Rodney  Wallace  Charles  A.  Whitney 

Francis  Prichard  Nathan  Sanders 

William  W.  Johnson  George  Sanders 

Peter  H.  Clark  Albert  Stearns 

James  Clark  Isaac  C.  Stearns 

John  C.  Hildreth  George  H.  Hubbard 

James  Chandler  Elihu  T.  Quimby 

George  C.  Gibson  Silas  Bullard 

Stillman  Gibson  Eli  Foster 

Samuel  Gibson  George  C.  Campbell 

Census  Returns 

The  Department  of  Commerce  and  Labor  gives  the  census 
returns  oi  population  for  the  town  as  follows : 

1790 1,241  1860 1,701 

1800 1,266  1870 1,380 

1810 1,395  1880 1,222 

1820 1,278  1890 969 

1830 1,673  1900 911 

1840 1,578  1910 927 

1850 1,877 

Valuation  of  Nezv  Ipswich,  1914. 

Number  of  polls,  222,  value  $22,200.00;  improved  and  unimproved 
land  and  buildings,  value  $576,460.00;  number  of  horses,  184,  value 
$23,402.00;  mules,  4,  value  $680.00;  oxen,  6,  value  $660.00;  cows,  294, 
value  $13,196.00;  neat  stock,  25,  value  $873.00;  sheep,  4,  value  $24.00; 
hogs,  11,  value  $144.00;  fowls,  1156,  value  $891.00;  vehicles  and  auto- 
mobiles, value  $7,529.00;  stock  in  trade,  value  $29,802.00;  money  on  hand, 
at  interest,  or  on  deposit,  $14,145.00;  mills  and  machinery,  value 
$138,842.00;  undesignated  buildings,  value  $12,400.00.  Total  valuation, 
$841,248.00.    Soldiers'  exemption,  $4,250.00.    Rate  percent  on  $1000,  $12.30. 


Maps  of  New  Ipswich 

Map  of  New  Ipswich 



School-house  No.  9. 


Ramsdell,  Willis 






Brooks,  Walton 






Nelson,  C. 


Brooks,  A.  N. 


Davis  Bros. 




Davis,  Gardner 




Whitney,  W.  D. 




French,  Orren 


Taylor,  Jona. 


Russell,  C.  L. 




Davis,  Edward  H. 








Hodgman,  Lewis 


Hill,  A.  A. 




School-house  No.  6. 


School-house  No.  3. 




"Wheeler  Tavern" 




Winship  and  Hodgman 


Chandler,  J.  L. 


Barrett,  Charles 




Wheeler,  Seth 




Davis,  Solomon 




Woolson.  (Country  Club) 




Preston,  W.  E. 


Chandler,  Roger 


Preston,  John 




First  Church 


Herskanen,  John 


First  Burial  Ground 




Wolcott,  J. 


Wheeler,  John 


Sargent,  G.  W. 


Blanchard,  William 


Bucknam,  W.  T. 


Collins,  J. 


Thayer,  W.  S. 


Parmenter,  0. 


Jones,  F.  W. 




Adams,  Zachariah 




Hildreth,  J.  B. 


Collins,  J. 


South  Burial  Ground 


Mansfield  Bros. 


Erickson,  H. 






Jaquith,  G.  R. 


Wheeler,  R. 


Wilkerson,  C. 






Aho,  John 


Jaquith.   G.   R. 


Finnish  Hall 


Siren,  J. 


Lampi,  M. 


Whitney,  Newton 




Johnson,  Nile 


Jalkanen,  Aron 


Mansfield,  A.  F. 


Walker,  S.  B. 


Perry,  C.  R. 


Nelson,  C. 


Willard,  Leon 


Parmenter,  J. 


School-house  No.  4. 


Farwell,  D. 


Linna,  Matti 


Farwell,  D. 


Matson,  Matti 


Antilla,  A. 


Ramsdell,  Daniel 


Kaiku,  K. 




Finnish  Church 





Map  of  New  Ipswich 


99  Somero,  L. 

100  Somero,  L. 

101  Locke 

102  Gedenberg,  M. 

103  School-house  No.  7. 

104  Wheeler,  G.  S. 

105  Wheeler,  G.  W. 

106  School-house 

107  Burrows 

108  Kasti,  Peter 

109  Lougee 

110  Lougee 

112  Lougee 

113  Coleman 

114  Davis,  W.  E. 

115  Aho,  Emanuel 

116  Aho,  Isaac 

117  Cutter 

118  Cutter 

119  Drywood 

120  Mastin 

121  Tenney,  Alfred 

122  Tenney,  Barnard 

123  Jowders,  Fred 

124  Chickering 

125  Tenney,  O. 

126  Sawyer,  C  E. 

127  Flagg 

128  Bourgault 

129  Bourgault 

130  Phillipi,  John 

131  Tenney,  A.  R. 

132  Knowlton,  J.  C. 

133  School-house  No.  2. 

134  Somero,  J. 

135  Abbott,  Reuben 

136  Parker,  Ralph  E. 

137  Wilson 

138  Wilson,  Isaac 

139  Tenney,  O. 

140  Wilson 

141  Stowell,  H.  B. 

142  Stowell,  H.  B. 

143  Stowell,  H.  B. 

144  Matilla 

145  Prindle 

146  Rafuse,  H.  C. 

147  Ashley,  W.  D. 

148  Withington,  H. 

149  Appleton,  Isaac  (1756) 

150  Molloy 

151  Chandler,  G.  W. 

152  Kidder,  Reuben 

153  Boynton,  Earl 

154  Peavey 

155  Boynton,  Earl 

156  Gould,  John 

157  Gordon,  Robert 

158  "Peppermint  Tavern" 

159  Leel,  David 

160  Brown 

161  Walton 

162  Brown,  H. 

163  Kaskine,  E. 

164  School-house  No.  8. 

165  Proctor's  Mills 

166  Proctor,  A.  J. 

167  Blakey 

168  Hanson,  E. 

169  Frederick,  E. 

170  Hood,  Helen 

171  Wilder  Chair  Shop 

172  Wallace,  G.  R. 

173  Nichols,  W.  K. 

174  Carr,  Ezra 

175  Miller 

176  School-house  No.  10 

177  Spaulding 

178  Wright 

179  Carr,  Emory 

180  Carr,  James 

181  Thayer,  W.  S. 

182  Salo,  Peter 

183  Aldrich,  I.  E. 

184  Taft,  H.  J. 

185  Jones,  F. 

186  Gibson,  F. 

187  Putnam,  R. 

188  Balch's  Mills 

189  Walker,  A.  L. 

190  Corbett 

191  Walker's  Mills 

192  Antilla 

193  Sawmill 






Engine  House 


Old  Burial  Ground 


Old  Meiting  House 


School  House 


BritK  School  House 


Union  Hall 






Old  Corner  Store 


Clarks   Hotel 


^ppteton    In/1 


Masonit  Hall 


BlacksmiTh  Shop 

Index  to  Map 





Barr,  C.  F. 




Champney,  E.  &  B.  (office) 




Homestead  Inn 


Gordon,  P.  F. 


Fox,  E.  M. 


Cummings,  J.  W. 


Barr,  C.  F. 


Ames,  R. 


Brooks,  H.  M. 


Spofford,   H. 


Farwell,  H.  E. 




Chandler,  J.  C. 


Gushing,  F.  A. 


Pratt,  C.  H. 


Roger,  J. 


Hudson,  D. 


Preston,  J. 


Prescott,  G.  J. 


Davis,  J. 


Champney,  H.  T. 


Taylor,  M. 


Phillips,  J.  W. 


Congregational    Parsonage 


Wilson,  W.  H. 


Lowe,  G.  N. 


Pratt,  W.  H. 


Hardy,  G.  H. 


Hardy,  F.  E. 


Obear,  C.  H. 


Phelps,  W.  L. 


Taylor,  E.  M. 


Russell,  M.  A. 


Gould,  E.  L. 


Travis,  A.  L. 


Knowlton,  C.  L. 


Robinson,  E.  M. 


Barrett,  G.  R. 


Hudson,  E.  M. 


Barr,  L.  M. 


Thompson,  W.  R. 


Tucker,  E.  L. 


Barnett,  J. 


Parker,  E.  M. 




Batcheller,  H. 


Royce,  H.  S. 


Farwell,  E.  H. 


Wheeler,  J.  A. 




Balch,  M.  M. 




Wright,  A.  F. 


Preston,  F.  W. 


Hastings,  G.  W. 


Brown,  C.  S. 


Lawrence,  E.  A. 


Hardy,  L.  M.  P. 


Beard,  E.  B. 






Lee,  S.  F. 










History  of  New  Ipswich 




<Scal«  inf««t 

School  House  No 
Whe«ler4    Mill 
6lacksmith   Shop 
Engine   House 
Storo  and   Post  Off 
Blonchards    Mil 
Hughes  Mill 



•va  5a.. 


Indexes  to  Maps 



Heywood,  S.  M. 


Marshall,  E.  0. 




Knight,  D. 


Johnson's  Store 


Tarbell,  M.  H. 


Goldsmith,  A.  A, 


Muzzey,  E. 


Vincent,  P. 




Belanger,  A. 


Taylor,  B.  G. 


Vincent,  J. 


Fortin,  Louis 


Rochon,  A. 


Chouinard,  L. 


Fontaine,  J. 


Duval,  D. 




Ferrin,  A. 


Chandler,  A.  E. 


Davis,  R.  H. 


Gushing,  G. 


Blanchard,  E.  F. 


Wheeler,  C. 


Brunault,  F. 


Fournier,  E. 


Barrett,  J. 












Corporation  boarding  house 





















Wheeler,  E.  R. 




Hughes,  C. 


Blanchard,  G. 


Hildreth,  J.  L. 


Howe,  G. 






After  my  father's  death,  when  the  question  of  the  com- 
pletion of  the  History  of  New  Ipswich  came  up,  it  was  under- 
stood that  he  had  said  that  is  was  "nearly  done."  It  was,  so 
far  as  the  gathering  of  available  data  was  concerned,  but  it 
was  Hke  the  gathering  of  threads  which  were  dropped  before 
the  knot  was  tied. 

My  father  had  often  mentioned  the  invaluable  aid  given 
him  in  this  work  by  Miss  Lee,  and  accordingly  she  was  asked 
if  she  would  undertake  the  completion  of  the  historical  part, 
to  which  she  consented.  It  seemed  best  that  I  should  take  up 
the  genealogical  part,  and  I  did  so.  I  found  that  many 
families  had  been  written  up  in  great  detail,  (full  data  having 
been  received,)  with  the  probable  intention  of  future  conden- 
sation to  proportions  suitable  for  this  book.  Other  families 
had  been  partially  written  up  awaiting  further  data,  while  a 
large  number  of  families  had  not  yet  been  written  up  at  all 
because  of  a  lack  of  authentic  data.  As  a  result,  some  of  the 
families  have  not  received  here  the  attention  justly  due  their 
importance  in  the  town. 

Even  the  completed  work  was  found  to  need  careful  re- 
vision, for  old  age  leaves  its  marks  on  the  works  of  one's 
hands  and  brain,  such  as  the  exchange  of  figures  in  copying 
dates,  but  these  and  other  mistakes  we  have  endeavored  to 
discover  and  remove.  The  task  of  a  genealogist  is  not  an 
easy  one ;  in  many  cases  people  to  whom  letters  requesting 
information  about  their  families  are  sent  reply  six  months  or 
a  year  later  saying  that  they  know  nothing  of  the  family,  but 
that  perhaps  a  certain  cousin  can  give  the  information,  and 
then  another  six  months  may  bring  a  similar  answer  from  the 
cousin ;  in  other  cases  someone  apparently  very  much  inter- 
ested in  the  genealogy  may  give  data  showing  that  his  aunt 
was  married  at  the  age  of  two  years,  died  twenty  years  before 
she  was  born,  or  some  other  equally  impossible  combination 
of  dates;  less  absurd  errors  will  often  pass  undetected.  It 
has  not  been  possible  to  avoid  all  mistakes  in  such  a  work 
as  this,  but  lenience  is  besought  in  the  criticism  of  what  may 
be  found  amiss. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

In  writing  a  town  genealogy  there  are  manifold  questions 
as  to  how  much  should  be  included.  It  was  decided  to  insert 
no  family  unless  two  generations  of  voters  bearing  that  name 
had  resided  here.  This  rule  eliminated  several  who,  though 
living  here  but  a  few  years,  were  marked  factors  in  the  town's 
history,  but  some  line  had  to  be  drawn.  To  many  readers 
the  ancestry  of  residents  of  the  town  has  very  little  interest, 
but  to  the  historian  and  genealogist  it  is  of  great  value ;  so 
the  ancestors  of  each  family  name  have  been  inserted  as  far 
as  they  could  be  discovered. 

I  wish  to  thank  Miss  Sarah  Fiske  Lee  for  her  aid,  without 
which  this  work  would  have  been  impossible.  Miss  Caroline 
F.  Barr  for  her  generous  support  of  the  work,  the  other  mem- 
bers of  the  Town  Historical  Committee,  and  many  others  who 
have  given  aid  in  gathering  the  material  for  this  book. 

Edith  B.  Chandler. 
Springfield,  Missouri, 
September  20,  1913. 



ADAMS  (Henry). 

Adams  was  a  common  name  among  the  early  colonists  in  New  Eng- 
land, and  descendants  of  three  seventeenth-century  immigrants  bearing 
that  name  are  found  in  New  Ipswich. 

Henry^  Adams  is  believed  to  have  come  to  Boston  with  his  wife, 
eight  sons,  and  a  daughter  in  1632  or  1633,  and  to  have  settled  at  "Mount 
Wollaston"  in  what  was  afterward  the  town  of  Braintree,  where  he  died 
Oct.  6,  1646.     His  wife's  name  is  not  known. 

Thomas'  (Henry'),  b.  England,  1612;  d.  Chelmsford,  July  20,  1688; 
m.  Braintree,  1642,  Mary  Blackmore  (?).  He  removed  to  Concord  in 
1646,  and  settled  in  what  is  now  the  west  part  of  Chelmsford  in  1650 
or  a  little  later.  He  held  nearly  all  the  important  town  offices  and  rep- 
resented the  town  in  the  General  Court. 

Samuel"  (Henry'),  b.  England,  1617;  d.  Chelmsford,  Jan.  24,  1688/9; 
m.  (1)  Rebecca,  dau.  of  Thomas  Graves  [d.  Oct.  8,  1662  or  1664]; 
(2)  May  7,  1668,  Esther,  dau.  of  Nathaniel  Sparhawk  of  Cambridge 
[d.  Nov.  4,  1745].  Resided  in  Charlestown,  later  removed  to  Concord, 
thence  to  Cambridge. 

Timothy*  (Thomas^  Henry*),  b.  Concord,  Feb.  15,  (or  Apr.  2,) 
1648;  d.  Chelmsford,  July  1,  1708;  m.  Mary . 

Joseph'  (Samuel^  Henry'),  b.  Nov.  27,  1672;  d.  Jan.  22,  1717;  m. 
Mary .    Resided  at  Chelmsford. 

Thomas*    (Timothy',    Thomas*,    Henr/),    b.    Chelmsford,    1675;    d. 

Dunstable,  Feb.  18,  1746;  m.  Judith  [b.  1680;  d.  Apr.  15,  1754].     He 

was  a  carpenter  and  passed  most  of  his  life  in  Dunstable.  Three  of  his 
sons  came  to  New  Ipswich. 

Benjamin*  (Joseph*,  Samuel',  Henry'),  b.  Dec,  1701;  d.  Oct.  30, 
1738  or  1739;  m.  Olive .    Resided  in  Chelmsford. 

1.  Stephen^  (Thomas*,  Timothy^,  Thomas^,  Henry^),  b. 
Chelmsford,  Feb.  5,  1715 ;  d.  Andover,  Vt.,  Aug.  3,  1801 ;  m. 

Rebecca  [b.  1715;  d.  Andover,  Vt.,  Sept.  29,  1813].    He 

is  said  to  have  come  to  New  Ipswich  about  1750,  but  the 
reputed  places  of  birth  of  his  children  would  indicate  that 
he  was  not  a  permanent  resident  until  some  years  later.  He 
is  believed  to  have  lived  for  a  time  a  little  north  of  the 
present  site  of  the  Congregational  church  near  the  place  long 
occupied  by  Stedman  Houghton,  and  also  for  a  time  near 
the  south  line  of  the  town  on  the  place  long  known  as  the 
Blanchard  farm,  (84,  A.  D.)     In  1771  he  bought  land  in  Hollis 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

and  perhaps  lived  there  for  a  time  before  his  final  removal 
to  Andover,  Vt,  Children — the  first  nine  born  at  Dunstable, 
the  last  three  at  New  Ipswich : 

4.  i.         Stephen,  b.  Dec.  29,  1738.     He  was  of  New  Ipswich  in  1769, 

when  he  sold  land  to  Oliver  Wright ;  he  was  in  Capt. 
Ezra  Towne's  company  at  Bunker  Hill  and  served  later 
in  the  Revolutionary  struggle,  becoming  lieutenant,  but  the 
number  of  soldiers  bearing  the  same  name  makes  his 
record  somewhat  indefinite. 

5.  ii.        Civil,  b.  Nov.  23,  1740. 

6.  iii.      Olive,  b.  Jan.  25,  1742/3. 

7.  iv.       Silas,  b.  June  8,  1745. + 

8.  V.        Levi,  b.  Apr.  2,  1747.+ 

9.  vi.       Phinehas,   b.    Oct.    15,    1749.      He   was   a   member   of    Capt. 

Towne's  company,  also  it  has  been  said  that  he  was  killed 
at  Bunker  Hill ;  but  as  his  name  is  found  upon  a  receipt 
signed  by  the  members  of  that  company  in  the  following 
October,  it  would  seem  that  he  survived  that  battle  and 
served  later  in  the  war,  as  given  on  the  rolls  of  Capts. 
Briant  and  Brown. 

10.  vii.     Rebecca,  b.  Jan.  2,  1752. 

11.  viii.    Hannah,  b.  Nov.  8,  1754. 

12.  ix.      Jane,  b.  Nov.  28,  1756. 

13.  X.       Jonas,  b.  Aug.  18,  1758.+ 

14.  xi.      Luther,  b.  about  1760. 

15.  xii.      A  son,  name  not  given. 

2.  Zachariah^  (Thomas*,  Timothy^,  Thomas^,  Henry^),  b. 
Chelmsford,  Nov.  5,  1718;  m.  Anna .  He  lived  in  Dunsta- 
ble in  1744,  but  was  in  New  Ipswich  before  1754  and  built  a 
sawmill,  probably  at  Smithville.  He  lived  near  Hodgkins 
corner,  his  house  being  at  the  north  end  of  lot  X :  3,  S.  R., 
a  few  rods  west  of  the  brook  and  perhaps  twenty  rods  west 
of  the  present  road  to  Smith  Village,  but  upon  an  old  road 
running  in  nearly  a  westerly  direction  which  has  long  ago 
disappeared.  He  sold  sixty  acres  to  Eleazer  Cummings  in 
1773  and  his  name  disappears  about  that  time. 

3.  Thomas^  (Thomas*,  Timothy^,  Thomas^  Henry^),  b. 
Dunstable,  1727;  d.  West  Windsor,  Vt.,  June  9,  1800;  m.  Ruth 
Eliot  [b.  1730;  d.  West  Windsor,  Vt,  Feb.  4,  1806].  He  was 
at  New  Ipswich  as  early  as  1754,  but  left  little  to  tell  his 
history.  He  removed  to  Andover,  Vt.,  and  thence  to  West 
Windsor,  Vt,  where  he  seems  to  have  been  more  in  evidence, 
as  he  was  listed  higher  than  any  of  his  fellow-townsmen  in 
1782,  Children — the  first  three  born  at  Dunstable,  and  the 
later  two  at  New  Ipswich: 


Adams  (Henry) 

16.  i.         Ruth,   b.    Dec.    19,    1749;   d.   Jan.   21,    1826;   m.   about    1771, 

Simeon  Bullard  (G.  3). 

17.  ii.       Phebe,  b.  Dec.  31,  1752. 

18.  iii.      Abel,  b.  Feb.  25,  1755.+ 

19.  iv.      Isaac,  b.  May  9,  1761.-f- 

20.  V.        JuDAH,  b.  Mar.  12,  1764. 

7.  SiLAS^      (Stephen^      Thomas*,      Timothy^,      Thomas^, 

Henry^),  b.  June  8,  1745  ;  m.  Susanna .    He  is  said  to  have 

given  Revolutionary  service,  but  his  name  does  not  appear 
upon  the  roll  of  any  New  Ipswich  company.  It  appears, 
however,  as  that  of  one  of  the  Committee  of  Safety  at  Dun- 
stable in  1776-77,  and  the  record  of  his  children's  births  in 
the  town  ceases  during  the  time  of  the  war,  although  one 
birth  in  1777  is  found  in  another  record.  It  may  be  inferred, 
therefore,  that  he  returned  to  his  native  town  and  made  that 
his  home  during  those  years.  In  1786  Silas  and  Susanna  "of 
New  Ipswich"  sold  land  to  John  Pratt,  Jr.,  and  his  name  is 
not  found  after  1788.     Children — born  in  New  Ipswich: 

21.  i.  Susanna,  b.  Jan.  30,  1772. 

22.  ii.  Jane,  b.  Jan.  27,  1775. 

23.  iii.  Rebecca,  b.  Jan.  20,  1777. 

24.  iv.  Hannah,  b.  May  29,  1783. 

25.  V.  Sibil,  b.  May  19,  1785. 

26.  vi.  Lydia,  b.  Jan.  18,  1788. 

8.  Levi^  (Stephen^,  Thomas*,  Timothy^,  Thomas^,  Henry^), 
b.  Apr.  2,  1747;  m.  (1)  Mary  Abecca  Perry;  (2)  Lydia  Patch. 
He  was  in  Capt.  Towne's  company,  and  at  different  times 
served  to  the  extent  of  four  and  one-half  years  during  the 
war.  He  removed  to  Rindge,  thence  to  Andover,  Vt.,  and 
Ludlow,  Vt.  Children  —  those  of  the  first  marriage,  seven  in 
number,  a  part  born  in  New  Ipswich  and  a  part  in  Rindge, 
those  of  the  second  marriage  at  Andover,  Vt. : 

27.  i.         Becca,  b.  Mar.   19,  1772. 

28.  ii.        Asenath,   b.    June    13,    1774;    d.    Milton,   Vt.,    1860;    m.    (1) 

Thomas  Chandler  of  Chester,  Vt. ;  (2)  Oct.  29,  1812,  Lynde 
Sargent,  also  of  Chester.     Three  children. 

29.  iii.      Abigail,  b.  Apr.  23,   1776. 

30.  iv.       Rhoda,  b.   Feb.    18,   1778    (?):   d.    Proctorsville,  Vt,   Feb.   5, 

1873;  m.  Aug.  10,  1796,  David  Dickinson.     Ten  children. 

31.  V.        Phinehas,  b.  July  24,  1782;  d.  Moriah,  N.  Y.,  Feb.  28,  1838; 

m.  Apr.  24,  1809,  Hannah  Kibling.     Seven  children. 

32.  vi.       Ebenezer,  d.  aged  eighteen  years. 

33.  vii.     James,  b.  Apr.  5,  1789;  d.  Feb.  22,  1885;   m.  Apr.  28,   1817, 

Nancy  Pingry  of  Shrewsbury,  Vt. 














History  of  New  Ipswich 

Charles,  d.  unm. 

Mary  Abecca,  d.  unm. 

RoxANNA,  b.  Oct.  22,  1802;  m.  Oct.,  1824,  Reuben  Emery  of 

Ludlow,  Vt. 
Lydia,  d.  unm. 
Dorcas,  m.  Otis  Archer  of  Bridgewater,  Vt. 

13.  JoNAS^  (Stephen^,  Thomas*,  Timothy^,  Thomas^, 
Henryi),  b.  Aug.  18,  1758;  m.  Phebe  Hoar  (9).  He  also  is 
said  to  have  been  wounded  at  Bunker  Hill  and  to  have  re- 
ceived a  pension  in  his  later  years ;  but  as  his  name  does  not 
appear  upon  Capt.  Towne's  roll,  it  is  probable  that  the  wound 
was  received  during  one  of  the  later  terms  of  service  credited 
to  him.  He  removed  to  Jaffrey  in  1784,  and  later  to  Andover, 
Vt.,  where  he  died.     Children : 

40.  i.         Lucy    C,   b.    New   Ipswich,    Mar.  22,    1784;    d.    Westminster, 

Vt.,   Feb.  4,    1813;   m.   Dec,    1803,   Cyrus   Dickinson.     Two 

41.  ii.        Jerry,   b.   Jaf?rey,    Aug.    IS,    1785;    d.    Weston,   Vt.,    Dec.   20, 

1873;    m.    Feb.   21,    1816,    Dorcas   Austin.      He    represented 
Weston  in  the  legislature,  and  was  a  captain.    Five  children. 

42.  iii.      Jonas,  b.  Jaffrey,  Aug.  25,  1785;  d.  Sept.  28,  1790. 

43.  iv.       Phinehas,    b.   Jaffrey,    Oct.   20,    1789;    d.    Dec.    18,    1845;    m. 

Feb.   5,    1813,   Rebecca  Gibson.     He  lived  in   Grafton,   Vt., 
and  Ludlow,  Vt. 

44.  V.        Molly,   b.   Jaffrey,   Sept.  2,   1791;   d.   Weston,  Vt.,   Mar.    15, 

1857,  unm. 

45.  vi.       Nancy,   b.    Jaffrey,    Feb.   25,    1794;    m.    Mar.   9,    1814,   James 

Estabrook.     Settled  in  Elizabethtown,  N.  Y.,  and  removed 
thence  to  Iowa.     Ten  children. 

46.  vii.      AcHSA,  b.  Andover,  Oct.  29,   1799;  d.  Apr.  8,  1879;  m.  July 

26,  1818,  David  Austin.  Six  children. 
Laura,  b.  Andover,  Apr.  18,  1802;  d.  June  1,  1879,  unm. 
Alvin,    b.    Andover,    June    16,    1804;    d.    Watertown,    Mass., 

Sept.    1,   1877;   m.   Nov.    10,   1831,  Ann   Rebecca   Bridge  of 

Boston.     He  was  founder  of  the  Adams  Express  Company. 
Stillman,  b.  Andover,  Aug.  26,   1806;   d.  Apr.   10,   1807. 
Orson,  b.  Andover,  Dec.  13,  1807;  d.  South  Boston,  Nov.  7, 

1869;    m.    July   28,    1834,    Cynthia    Prescott.      He    lived    in 

South  Boston. 

14.  Luther*'  (Stephen^,  Thomas*,  Timothy^,  Thomas^ 
Henryi),  ^  about  1760;  d.  Jan.  12,  1842;  m.  Oct.  2,  1792, 
Fanny,  dau.  of  Josiah  and  Esther  Stanford  of  Dublin.  He 
lived  in  Dublin  and  removed  thence  to  Weston,  Vt.,  about 
1802.     Children — the  first  four  born  before  the  removal : 










Adams  (Henry) 

51.  i.         Polly,   b.    Jan.   8,    1793;    d.   Apr.    13,    1877;    m.    Mar.,    1816, 

Robert  Nichols.    She  lived  in  Concord,  Vt.,  where  she  died. 

52.  ii.       James,  b.  Aug.  2,  1795 ;  d.  young. 

53.  iii.       Luther,  b.  Nov.  6,  1796;  d.  St.  Johnsbury,  Vt.,  Aug.  8,  1878; 

m.    Mar.   20,    1822,   Ada   Brow^n.     He   settled   in    Littleton, 
N.  H.,  but  later  lived  at  St.  Johnsbury.     Nine  children. 

54.  iv.       SiRENE,  b.  Apr.   1,  1801;  d.  North  Littleton,  N.  H.,  Apr.   13, 

1841 ;  m.  Ira  Casvv^ell.     Five  children. 

55.  v.        Elvira,   b.   Mar.   30,    1803;    d.   Fond   du   Lac,  Wis.;   m.   Mar. 

20,  1828,  Daniel  Howe.     Four  children. 

56.  vi.       Mercy,   b.   June  3,    1805;    d.  June  7,    1840;   m.   Levi    Ball  of 

Concord,    Vt.      Removed    to    Sutton,    Vt.,    in    1839.      Four 

18.  Abel''  (Thomas^  Thomas*,  Timothy^  Thomas-, 
Henryi),  b.  Feb.  25,  1755;  d.  July  12,  1821;  m.  Feb.  2,  1780, 
Hannah  Proctor  of  Dunstable.  He  lived  at  West  Windsor, 
Vt.     Children : 

57.  i.         Hannah,  b.  Dec.  20,  1783;  d.  Feb.  13,  1826;  m.  Mar.  23,  1802, 

Bezaleel  Bridge  of  Windsor. 

58.  ii.        John,  an  adopted  son,  b.  June  4,  1785. 

19.  Isaac''  (Thomas^,  Thomas*,  Timothy^,  Thomas'^ 
Henryi),  b.  May  9,  1761;  d.  Nov.  12,  1824;  m.  Nov.  7,  1780, 
Mary  Blanchard  of  Ashby.  He  served  in  the  Revolution,  but 
his  record  is  somewhat  difficult  to  ascertain,  as  there  were 
two  soldiers  bearing  the  name.  Afterward  settled  at  West 
Windsor,  Vt.     Children — all  born  at  West  Windsor: 

59.  i.  Isaac,  b.  May  3,  1784;  d.  May  23,  1784. 

60.  ii.  John,  b.  Aug.  27,  1785 ;  d.  May  27,  1792. 

61.  iii.  Isaac,  b.  Sept.  7,  1787;  d.  June  19,  1789. 

62.  iv.  Polly,  b.  Jan.  13,  1790;  d.  May  6,  1855;  m.  Feb.  4,  1808,  Daniel 


63.  v.       Ruth,  b.  May  3,  1792;  d.  Nov.  19,  1840,  unm. 

64.  vi.      Phebe,  b.  May  4,  1794;  d.  Aug.  8,  1845. 

65.  vii.     Abel,  b.  Jan.  17,  1797. 

66.  viii.   Ira,  b.  Sept.  6,  1799;  m.  Mar.  6,  1823,  Hannah  Robinson. 

67.  ix.      JuDES,  b.  Feb.  17,  1802;  m.   (1)  Jan.  7,  1819,  Elijah  Robinson 

of  Windsor,  Vt. ;  (2)  Woodward. 

Oliver*  (Benjamin',  Joseph^  Samuel',  Henry^),  b.  Oct.  27,  1729;  m. 
Dec.  2,  1756,  Rachel  Proctor  of  Chelmsford.  He  lived  in  Chelmsford 
and  was  a  Revolutionary  soldier. 

Oliver"  (Oliver^  Benjamin^  Joseph^  Samuel",  Henry*),  b.  Jan.  7, 
1767;  d.  Rindge,  Dec.  28,  1813;  m.  Betsey  Marshall  of  Chelmsford.  Re- 
sided in  Chelmsford  and  in  Rindge. 

Marshall'  (Oliver*,  Oliver^  Benjamin^  Joseph^  SamueP,  Henry'),  b. 
Rindge,  Mar.  14,  1801 ;  m.  May  9,  1826,  Sarah  G.,  dau.  of  Thaddeus  and 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

Dorothy  (Coolidge)  Richards  of  Rindge.  He  was  a  woolen  manufac- 
turer at  New  Boston  and  later  a  farmer ;  deacon  in  the  Presbyterian 

68.  Joseph  G.^  (Marshall^  01iver^  Oliver^  Benjamin*, 
Joseph^  SamueP,  Henry^),  b.  Dec.  12,  1836;  m.  May  10,  1858, 
Martha  W.,  dau.  of  Samuel  and  Martha  (Stone)  Perry.  He 
was  a  merchant  in  Natick,  Mass.,  whence  he  came  to  New 
Ipswich  in  1878,  and  conducted  the  "Corner  store"  for  a  few 

69.  Eugene  Francis^  (Joseph  G.^  Marshall^  01iver^ 
Oliver^  Benjamin^  Joseph^,  SamueP,  Henry^),  b.  Natick, 
Mass.,  Oct.  14,  1859;  m.  1892,  Annie  P.,  dau.  of  William  P. 
Felch  [d.  Sept.  9,  1896].  He  left  New  Ipswich  in  1883  and 
has  since  been  in  the  grain  business  at  Manchester  except 
during  three  years  passed  upon  a  cattle  ranch  in  Nebraska. 
He  was  town  clerk  in  1882.    Child : 

70.  i.        Beulah,  b.  Mar.  9,  1894. 

It  should  perhaps  be  added  that  this  family  of  patriotic  instincts  is 
the  same  as  that  of  those  patriots  in  higher  positions,  President  John 
Adams  and  his  cousin  Samuel,  the  line  of  descent  being  as  follows: 
Henry,'  Joseph',  Joseph',  John',  President  John'. 

ADAMS  (Robert). 

Robert'  Adams,  b.  1602;  d.  probably  Oct.  12,  1682;  m.  (1)  Eleanor 
(Wilmot?)  [d.  June  12,  1677];  (2)  Feb.  6,  1678,  Sarah  (Glover),  widow  of 
Henry  Short  [d.  Oct.  24,  1697].  In  1635  he  with  wife  and  two  children 
came  to  Ipswich,  where  he  was  a  tailor,  but  in  1640  he  was  at  Newbury, 
where  he  obtained  a  large  farm  and  other  property. 

Abraham'  (Robert'),  b.  Salem,  1639;  d.  Newbury,  Aug.,  1714;  m. 
Nov.  10,  1670,  Mary,  dau.  of  Richard  and  Joanna  (Ingersoll)  Pettengell 
[b.  July  6,  1652;  d.  Sept.,  1705]. 

IsAAc^"  (Abraham',  Robert'),  b.  Newbury,  Feb.  26,  1678/9;  d.  1738/9; 
m.  (pub.  Feb.  24,  1707)  Hannah,  dau.  of  Samuel  and  Sarah  (Burpee) 
Spofford  of  Rowley  [b.  Feb.  12,  1684;  d,  Sept.  3,  1775].  He  was  a  weaver 
and  afterward  a  farmer  in  Rowley  and  in  Boxford  successively. 

Isaac'  (Isaac',  Abraham',  Robert'),  b.  Rowley,  May  25,  1713;  d.  Mar. 
20,  1797;  m.  Apr.  1,  1743,  Mary  (or  Mercy),  dau.  of  Dr.  David  Wood 
[b.  1720;  d.  1794].  He  settled  at  Boxford  in  1738,  where  he  was  select- 
man fourteen  years,  representative  four  years,  and  captain. 

David'  (Isaac',  Isaac',  Abraham',  Robert'),  b.  Boxford,  June  20, 
1747;  d.  Nov.  17,  1831;  m.  May  5,  1773,  Phebe,  dau.  of  Dea.  Abner 
and  Sarah  (Coleman)  Spofford  of  Byfield  [b.  Jan.  6,  1757;  d.  Feb.  17, 
1822].  He  settled  in  Rindge  at  about  the  time  of  his  marriage.  He 
served  in  the  Revolution,  and  was  afterward  captain  in  the  militia. 


Adams  (Robert) 

1.  MooDY«  (Dav^d^  Isaac*,  Isaac^  Abraham^  Robert^),  b. 
Rindge.  Mar.  25,  1784;  d.  Feb.,  1868;  m.  Jan.  18,  1814,  Betsey, 
dan.  of  Samuel  and  Elizabeth  Batchelder  (24).  His  name  ap- 
pears upon  the  New  Ipswich  records  not  very  long-  after  he 
reached  the  age  of  twenty-one,  but  he  may  not  have  become 
a  permanent  resident  until  the  time  of  his  marriage.  He  lived 
in  the  Center  Village  the  succeeding  three  years,  and  then  for 
twenty  years  was  proprietor  of  the  "Peppermint  Tavern," 
leaving  it  only  when  the  changed  methods  of  travel  had  left 
no  patronage.  During  the  remainder  of  his  life  he  lived  in 
the  Center  Village,  nearly  opposite  the  Barrett  mansion,  and 
for  a  few  years  was  associated  in  business  with  Isaac  Sander- 
son at  the  slaughter-house  occupied  for  that  purpose  for  many 
years  near  the  foot  of  the  old  Meeting-house  Hill.     Children  : 

2.  i.  Elizabeth  Woodbury,  b.  Sept.  IS,  1815;  d.  Oct.  29,  1885,  unm. 

3.  ii.  William  Moody,  b.  Feb.  9,  1818;  d.  Oct.  3,  1826. 

4.  iii.  Myra  Jane,  b.  Sept.  9,  1823 ;  d.  Oct.  12,  1826. 

5.  iv.  Myra  Jane,  b.   Feb.    18,    1828;   d.   Mar.   30,    1890;   m.   Jan.  8, 

1852,  George  Boyden  (2).  They  lived  for  some  years  in 
the  neighboring  house,  and  then  removed  to  Washington, 
D.  C 

6.  V.       William  Moody,  b.  June  18,  1830;  d.  Oct.  30,  1830. 

ADAMS  (William). 

William^  Adams,  b.  Shropshire,  England,  Feb.  3,  1594;  d.  1661.  He 
came  to  America  in  1628;  was  at  Cambridge  in  1635  or  earHer;  freeman 
in  1639;  removed  to  Ipswich,  Mass.,  before  1642,  probably  living  in  the 
part  which  is  now  Hamilton.  His  widow  was  living  in  1681,  but  her 
name  is  not  known. 

Nathaniel'  (William^),  b.  Ipswich,  1642;  d.  Apr.  11,  1715;  m.  June 
30,  1668,  Mercy,  dau.  of  Thomas  Dickinson  of  Rowley,  Mass.  [d.  Dec.  12, 
1735].  It  is  possible  that  he  was  the  son  of  William",  and  grandson  of 
William\  and  that  all  the  following  generation  numbers  should  be  one 

Thomas^  (Nathaniel',  William'),  b.  June  14,  1672;  d.  Oct.  14,  1729; 
m.  Bethiah  [d.  Jan.  12,  1742]. 

Thomas'  (Thomas',  Nathaniel',  William'),  b.  Aug.  31,  1699;  d.  1765; 
m.  Apr.  17,  1722,  Deborah,  dau.  of  Thomas  and  Margery  (Goodhue) 
Knowlton  [b.  Dec.  31,  1698;  m.  (2)  Feb.  6,  1770,  William  Wigglesworth 
of  that  part  of  Ipswich  which  is  now  Hamilton,  in  which  Thomas  Adams 
had  also  lived].  He  was  early  interested  in  the  settlement  of  New 
Ipswich,  having  two  eighty-acre  lots  under  the  Massachusetts  grant,  which 
he  probably  lost,  but  he  held  five  shares  under  the  Masonian  charter, 
giving  him  a  title  to  more  than  two  square  miles  of  land,  upon  240  acres 
of  which,  at  least,  his  sons  were  the  original  settlers. 



History  of  New  Ipswich 

1.  Ephraim^  (Thomas^  Thomas^  Nathaniel,  William^), 
bapt.  Oct.  18,  1724;  d.  Alar.  26,  1797;  m.  (1)  Apr.  6,  1749, 
Lydia  Kinsman  [b.  about  1728;  d.  Nov.  5,  1760]  ;  (2)  Nov.  18, 
1761,  Rebecca,  dau.  of  James  and  Elizabeth  (Burnap)  Locke 
[b.  May  13,  1735;  d.  1822].  He  was  a  soldier  against  the 
French  about  1746,  and  after  his  return  from  service  was 
married  and  came  to  New  Ipswich,  probably  at  the  same  time 
as  his  brother  Benjamin,  and  settled  upon  N.  D..  21,  where 
his  house,  built  at  that  early  period,  is  still  standing,  another 
house  of  more  recent  construction  having  been  added  to  it 
at  the  west  side.  This  house  was  surrounded  by  "flankers" 
for  protection  against  the  Indians.  There  is,  however,  no 
tradition  of  their  having  been  attacked,  and  in  1757  the  town 
voted  not  "to  repair  Mr.  Adam's  flankers  in  order  for  defence." 
He  was  a  leading  citizen  and  had  great  influence  in  public 
matters,  due  not  only  to  his  sound  sense  but  also  to  the  clear 
and  quaint  methods  in  which  his  views  were  presented.  He 
was  not  elected  to  oflice  as  frequently  as  his  brother,  being  a 
selectman  for  only  a  single  year,  but  he  was  relied  upon  in 
times  of  special  stress.  He  represented  the  town  in  the  Pro- 
vincial Congress  and  for  five  years  in  the  state  legislature, 
was  chairman  of  the  Committee  of  Inspection,  Correspondence 
and  Safety  when  it  was  first  chosen,  and  also  at  a  later  time 
when  its  duties  were  very  arduous  and  its  power  was  necessa- 
rily almost  dictatorial,  so  that  skilful  management  was  almost 
as  essential  as  earnest  purpose ;  and  in  general  his  record  bears 
the  mark  of  a  conscientious,  patriotic,  and  well-balanced  man. 
He  also  served  in  the  field,  but  evident  carelessness  in  the  com- 
pany rolls  makes  it  impossible  to  determine  with  certainty 
between  his  name  and  that  of  his  oldest  son.  There  seems 
to  be  no  doubt,  however,  that  he  was  in  Capt.  Smith's  com- 
pany at  the  battle  of  White  Plains.  He  was  one  of  the  two 
deacons  elected  at  the  organization  of  the  church.     Children  : 

3.  i.        Ephraim,  b.  Dec.  26,  1749.+ 

4.  ii.       Thomas,  b.  Sept.  12,  1751;  d.  Oct.  11,  1820;  m.  Dec.  18,  1777, 

Molly  Farnsworth  [b.  about  1756;  d.  June  24,  1842].  He 
served  in  the  Revolution,  and  probably  v^^as  the  one  bearing 
the  name  upon  the  company  roll  of  Capt.  Abijah  Smith  or 
of  Capt.   Francis  Tovime  or  of  both. 

5.  iii.      Stephen,  b.  Nov.  6,  1753.     He  is  said  to  have  enlisted  from 

Rindge  in  the  company  of  Capt.  Philip  Thomas  in  1775, 
but  identification  is  hardly  practicable  on  account  of  dif- 
ferent soldiers  bearing  the  same  name. 


Adams  (William) 

6.  iv.      Daniel,  b.  Aug.  24,  1755. + 

7.  V.       Lydia,  b.  July   16,   1757;    d.   Oct.,   1800;   m.   Nathan   Wheeler 

[b.  Concord,  Mass.,  Jan.  9.  1744;  d.  May  7,  1834].  Res.  in 
Temple.  Children :  i.  Nathan  Wheeler,  b.  Oct.  20,  1781 ; 
he  was  a  prominent  citizen  of  Temple  and  a  deacon,  ii. 
Lydia  Wheeler,  b.  Aug.  19,  1783.  iii.  Josiah  Wheeler,  b.  May 
11,  1786;  m.  Dolly  Shattuck. 

8.  vi.     John,  b.  Nov.  10,  1762;  d.  Dec.  9,  1763. 

9.  vii.     John,  b.   Feb.  29,   1764;   d.    1781   in  the  army,  where  he  was 

probably  the  one  who  enlisted  in  the  February  of  that  year 
"for  three  years  or  the  war." 

10.  viii.   Ebenezer,  b.  Oct.  2,  1765.-f- 

11.  ix.      Rebecca,  b.  July  27,  1767;  m.  Jan.  20,   1802,  Abel  Shedd. 

12.  X.       James,  b.  May  20,   1769;  m.  Nov.  3,  1795,  Ruth  Conant   (9). 

Res.  Grafton,  Vt. 

13.  xi.      Betsey,  b.  Mar.   13,   1772;  d.  Apr.   14,  1816;  m.  Feb.  7,  1779, 

Dr.  Luther  Jewett  of  St.  Johnsbury,  Vt.     Eight  children. 

14.  xii.    QuiNCY,  b.  Sept.  29,  1775.+ 

2.  Benjamin^  (Thomas'*,  Thomas^,  Nathaniel^  William^), 
bapt.  Aug.  6,  1728;  d.  May  5,  1815;  m.  (1)  Apr.  18,  1751,  Pris- 
cilla,  dau.  of  Joseph*  (Thomas'^)  and  Priscilla  (Warner) 
Adams  [b.  Jan.  3,  1729;  d.  Feb.  19,  1791];  (2)  Feb.  19,  1795, 
Susannah,  dau.  of  Stephen  Ralph  and  widow  of  David  Everett 
of  Princeton,  Mass.  [d.  May  2,  1815].  He  came  to  New  Ips- 
wich with  his  brother  Ephraim  or  very  soon  after,  and  set- 
tled upon  the  same  lot  and  the  adjoining  lot  at  the  west,  N.  D., 
25,  since  occupied  by  Benjamin  A.  Clark  and  by  Reed  Tenney, 
where  the  two  brothers  held  their  land  in  common  for  many 
years,  although  later  Benjamin  removed  his  home  to  the  last- 
named  lot.  He,  like  his  brother,  was  a  valued  citizen  and  an 
approved  holder  of  official  positions,  being  Proprietors'  clerk 
before  the  incorporation  of  the  town  for  several  years  and 
town  clerk  afterward,  and  selectman  for  nine  years.  He  served 
upon  at  least  two  calls  for  troops  in  the  Revolutionary  strug- 
gle, and  failed  to  have  a  part  in  the  contest  at  Lexington  only 
because  the  patriotic  uprising  was  so  general  that,  with  some 
other  men  from  New  Ipswich  and  other  more  distant  towns, 
he  was  dismissed  before  reaching  Cambridge.  He  was  in  the 
company  of  Capt.  Smith,  and  while  encamped  near  White 
Plains  his  blanket  was  stolen  from  him  while  asleep,  the  re- 
sulting exposure  causing  a  life-long  lameness  and  ultimately 
a  complete  inability  to  walk.  He  was  chosen  a  deacon  at  the 
same  time  as  his  brother.     Children : 

15.  i.       Joseph,  b.  Feb.  3,  1752;  d.  Mar.  30,  1752. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

16.  ii.       Priscilla,  b.  Mar.  15,  1753;  d.  Feb.  17,  1777;  m.  Oct.  12,  1772, 

John  Warner. 

17.  iii.  Sarah,  b.  Feb.  1,  1755;  d.  Mar.  15,  1755. 

18.  iv.  Benjamin,  b.  Feb.  7,  1756;  d.  May  6,  1758. 

19.  V.  Mary,  b.  Mar.  1,  1758. 

20.  vi.  Deborah,  b.  June  5,  1760;  d.  July  19,  1760. 

21.  vii.  Hannah,  b.  Aug.  27,  1761. 

22.  viii.  Benjamin,  b.  Sept.  9,  1763.+ 

23.  ix.  Joseph,  b.  Dec.  13,  1765.-]- 

24.  X.  Sarah,  b.  Aug.  11,  1768;  d.  Nov.  20,  1768. 

25.  xi.  Eunice,  b.   Mar.  8,   1770;   m.   Nov.   17,   1799,  Aaron  Appleton 


3.  Ephraim"  (Ephraim^,  Thomas*,  Thomas^,  NathanieP, 
William^,  b.  Dec.  26,  1749;  d.  Apr.  15,  1825;  m.  (1)  1772, 
Elizabeth,  dau.  of  Timothy  and  Dinah  (Pierce)  Stearns  of 
that  part  of  Lancaster  which  is  now  Leominster  [b.  Nov.  11, 

1751;  d.  Mar.  29,  1810]  ;  (2)   Bridget  [b.  about  1747;  d. 

Oct.  25,  1813].  Soon  after  reaching  the  age  of  manhood  he  set- 
tled upon  a  lot  then  entirely  wilderness,  N.  D.,  61,  which  was 
occupied  by  him  and  his  descendants  for  125  years,  but  under 
later  conditions  has  passed  into  the  hands  of  Antti  Raketti, 
sometimes  preacher  at  the  Lutheran  church  erected  in  that 
part  of  the  town  by  the  Finnish  townsmen,  a  possession  cer- 
tainly in  harmony  with  its  occupancy  for  more  than  sixty 
years  by  father,  son,  and  grandson  in  succession,  all  deacons 
in  the  Congregational  church.  The  house  prepared  for  the 
new  home  upon  this  lot  was  situated  a  little  farther  west  than 
the  present  house,  built  by  the  owner  of  the  farm  in  the  next 
generation,  nor  did  the  road  end  at  the  house  as  it  has  now 
for  many  years.  In  early  days  the  road  divided,  one  branch 
passing  directly  over  the  mountain,  being  the  first  road  opened 
to  Rindge,  and  the  other  turning  northward  to  the  region 
afterward  occupied  by  the  "Peppermint  Tavern."  The  ruling 
spirit  of  this  home  is  perhaps  sufficiently  evidenced  by  the 
calls  to  service  made  upon  its  head  by  the  neighbors  who 
knew  him,  as  he  served  the  town  as  selectman  for  sixteen 
years  and  the  church  as  deacon  for  an  equal  period.  He 
responded  to  the  Concord  alarm  in  1775  and  to  the  Royalton 
call  in  1780.    Children: 

26.  i.        Ephraim,  b.  Oct.  15,  1773.+ 

27.  ii.       Isaac,  b.  July  13,  1775.+ 

28.  iii.      Lydia,  b.   June  7,   1777 ;   m.   William   Perkins  of   Leominster, 

Mass.    Res.  at  Enosburg,  Vt.     Thirteen  children. 


Adams  (William) 

29.  iv.      Elizabeth,  b.  Dec.  13,  1778;  d.  Feb.  22,  1868;  m.  (1)  June  21, 

1801,  Joseph  Spear  (8)  ;  (2)  Dec.  19,  1820,  John,  son  of 
Samuel  and  Lizzie  (Cummings)  Cross  of  Litchfield,  N.  H. 
[d.  1825]  ;  (3)  Joseph  Joslyn  of  Jaffrey. 

30.  V.       John,  b.  Feb.  10,  1781.+ 

31.  vi.      Rebekah,  b.  Nov.,  1782;  m.  Feb.  3,  1803,  Aaron  Knight. 

32.  vii.     Sar.\h,    b.    July    30,    1784;    d.    Mar.    19,    1814;    m.    Nicholas 

Richards  of  Enosburg,  Vt.,  where  she  lived  and  died.  Three 

33.  viii.    Susanna,  b.  Nov.  4,  1785;  d.  Nov.  6,  1819;  m.  Thomas  Stearns 

of  Leominster,  Mass.,  later  of  Enosburg,  Vt.  [b.  1789;  d. 
Feb.  27,  1832],  Five  children,  one  of  whom,  Thomas  Adams 
Stearns,  b.  Sept.  2,  1812,  lived  in  New  Ipswich  for  a  few 
years  when  a  young  man,  but  removed  to  Jaffrey,  where 
he  d.  July  28,  1879. 

34.  ix.      LuciNDA,  b.  Jan.  26,   1788;  d.   1848;  m.  May  14,  1807,  Jonas, 

son  of  James  and  Sarah  (Stearns)  Boutelle  of  Leominster, 
Mass.    Res.  at  Enosburg,  Vt. 

35.  X.       Melinda,  b.  Feb.  8,  1790;  d.  1868;  m.  Feb.  6,  1817,  Asa  Knight. 

Res.  in  Hancock,  where  she  had  eight  children ;  later  in 
Milford  and  New  London. 

36.  xi.     Timothy  Kinsman,  b.  Sept.  30,  1791. + 

37.  xii.     Benjamin    Stearns,   b.   Aug.   6,    1794.      He   married   and   re- 

moved to  Tennessee. 

38.  xiii.   Cynthia,  b.  Sept.  5,  1796;  d.  1883;  m.  Hiram,  son  of  Judge 

Amos  and  Anna  Fassett.     Res.  Enosburg,  Vt. 

6.  Daniel**  (Ephraim\  Thomas*,  Thomas^,  NathanieF, 
William^),  b.  Aug.  24,  1755;  d.  about  1790;  m.  Sarah,  dau.  of 
William  and  Sarah  (Locke)  Clark  [b.  Townsend,  Mass.,  Nov. 
21,  1754].  Her  mother  and  her  husband's  stepmother  were 
sisters.  He  removed  about  1778  to  a  part  of  Fitzwilliam 
which  is  now  Troy.     Children  : 

39.  i.        Stephen,  b.  Oct.  29,  1779;  m.  Dec.  1,  1803.    Res.  at  Hinesburg, 

Vt.    Eight  children. 

40.  ii.       Daniel,  b.  Mar.  22,  1781 ;  m.  Dec.  3,  1806,  Mercy  Olney.    Res. 

at  Zingwick,  Quebec.     Seven  children. 

41.  iii.      William,  b.   Mar.   10,   1783;   d.   Oct.   15,   1851;  m.    (1)    Susan 

Raymond;  (2)  Betsey  Tarbell;  (3)  Phebe  Hatch.  Res.  in 
Boxboro,  Mass.,  and  later  in  Westford,  Mass.,  where  he 

42.  iv.      Thomas,  b.   Mar.  9,   1785;   d.   Sept.   12,   1841;   m.  June,    1805, 

Sarah  Sawtelle  of  Jaffrey  [d.  Oct.  25,  1828].  Res.  at  Jeffrey. 
Ten  children. 

43.  v.       Sarah,  b.  Jan.  25,  1787;  m.  Mar.  11,  1805,  John  Frost  [d.  July 

4,  1847].    Res.  at  Jaffrey.    Nine  children. 

44.  vi.      Lydia,  b.  July  13,  1789.     Res.  at  Nashua. 

45.  vii.     Samuel,  b.  Apr.  30,  1791.     He  removed  to  Canada,  and  was 

last  known  as  a  soldier  in  the  British  army  in  1812. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

10.  Ebenezer«  (Ephraim^  Thomas*,  Thomas^  NathanieP, 
William^),  b.  Oct.  2,  1765:  d.  Aug.  15,  1841;  m.  (1)  July  9, 
1795,  Alice,  dau.  of  Dr.  John  Frink  [b.  Rutland,  Mass.,  Mar. 
1,  1769;  d.  June  20,  1805]  ;  (2)  May  17,  1807,  Beulah,  dau.  of 
Dr.  John  Minott  [b.  Concord,  Mass.,  June  28,  1775].  He  pre- 
pared for  college  at  New  Ipswich,  and  graduated  from  Dart- 
mouth College  in  1791.  He  was  principal  of  the  academy  at 
Leicester,  Mass.,  for  fourteen  years,  of  an  academy  at  Port- 
land, Me.,  two  years,  instructor  at  Phillips  Academy,  Exeter, 
two  years,  and  in  1809  was  appointed  professor  of  Latin, 
Greek,  and  Hebrew  in  his  Alma  Mater,  but  a  year  later  was 
transferred  to  the  chair  of  Mathematics  and  Natural  Philoso- 
phy, in  which  he  remained  until  his  death  thirty-one  years 
later,  although  during  the  last  eight  years  he  was  relieved  of 
its  duties  and  remained  as  professor  emeritus.  In  all  of  those 
positions  he  was  an  eminently  successful  teacher  and  a  highly 
respected  citizen.  He  was  postmaster  at  Leicester.  Had 
athletics  held  at  that  time  such  a  place  in  college  activities  as 
they  now  claim,  he  would  without  doubt  have  had  additional 
claims  for  popularity,  as  it  is  related  that  at  the  age  of  nine- 
teen he  was  selected  as  the  champion  to  maintain  the  honor 
of  New  Ipswich  against  the  challenge  of  three  brothers  from 
Ashburnham  who  came  across  the  state  line  upon  town- 
meeting  day  to  win  the  honor  of  a  wrestling  victory  over  the 
boys  of  New  Hampshire,  but  were  forced  to  admit  the  defeat 
of  their  best  man  by  the  embryonic  professor  from  a  muscular 
New  Ipswich  family.  That  his  mental  activities  were  not 
limited  by  the  walls  of  his  class-room  is  evidenced  by  his  being 
an  original  member  of  the  Northern  Academy  of  Arts  and 
Sciences,  and  also  by  his  connection  with  many  other  societies, 
including  the  American  Academy  of  Arts  and  Sciences,  the 
New  Hampshire  Historical  Society,  the  Royal  Society  of 
Northern  Antiquities,  and  the  American  Antiquarian  Society. 
Children,  the  first  five  born  at  Leicester  and  the  last  two  at 
Hanover : 

46.  i.        Alice  Amelia,  b.   June  2,   1796;   d.   Portland,   Me.,   Feb.   11, 

1820;  m.  June  16,  1819,  Rev.  Thomas  Jewett  Murdock. 

47.  ii.       Adeline  Augusta,  b.  Jan.  17,  1798;  m.  June  28,  1819. 

48.  iii.     John  Frink,  b.  Nov.  3,  1799;  m.  July  2,  1835,  Elizabeth  Lovell 

Walker.     He  graduated   from   Dartmouth   College  in    1817, 
and  became  a  lawyer  at  Mobile,  Ala.    Three  children. 

49.  iv.      Charles   Augustus,  b.   Oct.  2,   1801;   d.   in   South   Carolina, 

Mar.  9,  1824. 


Adams  (William) 

50.  V.       Harriet  Russell,  b.  Sept.  14,  1804;  d.  July  30,  1830;  m.  Nov. 

14,  1826,  Hon.  John  Aiken,  who  graduated  from  Dartmouth 
College  in  1819,  was  a  lawyer  in  Manchester,  Vt.,  and  a 
business  man  at  Lowell,  Mass.,  and  at  Boston.  Charles  A. 
Aiken,  professor  of  Latin  at  Dartmouth  College  1859-1866, 
was  their  son. 

51.  vi.      Eliza  Minott,  b.  Feb.  9,  1810;  m.  Aug.  23,  1833,  Ira  Young, 

who  graduated  from  Dartmouth  College  in  1821  and  suc- 
ceeded to  the  chair  of  Prof.  Adams  upon  his  becoming 
professor  emeritus.  Charles  A.  Young,  professor  of  Physics 
and  Astronomy  at  Dartmouth  College  1866-1872,  and  later 
at  Princeton,  N.  J.,  who  succeeded  to  a  portion  of  the  duties 
of  Prof.  Ira  Young,  was  their  son,  and  Anne  S.  Young, 
professor  of  Astronomy  at  Mt.  Holyoke  College,  is  their 

52.  vii.     Ebenezer,  b.  Aug.  6,   1813;  d.  July  23,   1837.     He  graduated 

from  Dartmouth  College  in  1831. 

14.  QuiNCY*'  (Ephraim^,  Thomas*,  Thomas^,  Nathaniel^, 
William^,  b.  Sept.  29,  1775;  d.  about  1815;  m.  Dolly  Elliot. 
He  lived  upon  the  paternal  farm  for  a  few  years  after  reaching 
manhood,  but  about  1805  he  exchanged  farms  with  Francis 
Cragin  of  Temple  and  removed  to  that  town,  where  he  lived 
for  about  ten  years  before  receiving  fatal  injuries  by  falling 
through  his  sled.    Children  : 

53.  i.        John  Quincy,  b.  Dec.  18,  1800. 

54.  ii.       Maria,  b.  Nov.  14,  1802. 

22.  Benjamin*^  (Benjamin^,  Thomas*,  Thomas^  Nathaniel^ 
William^),  b.  Sept.  9,  1763;  d.  about  July  1,  1825;  m.  June  22, 
1794,  Olivia  (1),  dau.  of  David  and  Susannah  (Ralph)  Everett 
[b.  Princeton,  Mass.,  July  22,  1768].  He  passed  most  of  his 
life  upon  the  paternal  farm,  (N,  D.,  25,)  but  for  a  few  years 
soon  after  the  opening  of  the  turnpike  through  the  town,  in 
the  early  years  of  the  nineteenth  century,  he  kept  a  tavern 
in  the  old  parsonage  at  the  corner  (N.  D.,  2)7,)  where  the  road 
turns  to  Mill  Brook.  It  was  an  exceptionally  orderly  house, 
as  might  be  inferred  from  the  fact  that  he  is  said  to  have  been 
the  first  man  in  the  town  to  carry  on  his  farm,  without  the 
use  of  rum.  He  was  interested  in  military  matters,  and  at- 
tained the  rank  of  major,  by  which  title  he  was  known  until 
his  death.     Children : 

55.  i.        David   Everett,   b.   July  4,    1795;    m.    Sept.   28,    1833,    Nancy 

Walker  (J.  9). 

56.  ii.       Olivia,  b.  Sept.  6,  1796;  m.  Rev.  Robert  Page   [b.  Readfield, 

Me.,  Apr.  25,  1790;  d.  Jan.  12,  1876].     He  was  a  pastor  in 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

Maine,  New  Hampshire,  Vermont,  and  Ohio,  in  which  last 
state  they  died.     Seven  children. 

57.  iii.      Clarissa  Priscilla,  b.  May  12,  1798.     She  became  a  perma- 

nent resident  in  Keene,  with  her  aunt  Eunice  (Adams)  Ap- 
pleton,  when  only  a  child. 

58.  iv.      Benjamin   Franklin,  b.   Mar.   1,   1800;   d.  July  28,   1886;   m. 

Feb.  20,  1828,  Louisa  Ruth,  dau.  of  Isaac  and  Mercy  (Dana) 
Redington  of  Walpole  and  Keene  [b.  Aug.  13,  1805;  d.  Mar. 
12,  1883].  He  went  in  childhood,  like  his  sister,  to  the  home 
of  his  aunt  Eunice  Appleton  in  Keene,  in  which  town  he 
lived  until  1853,  when  he  removed  to  Chicago.  He  had 
eight  children,  one  of  whom,  George  Everett,  graduated 
from  Harvard  College  in  1860,  and  from  Harvard  Law 
School  in  1865 ;  he  entered  upon  legal  practice  in  Chicago ; 
was  a  state  senator  1881-83,  and  a  representative  in  Congress 

59.  V.       Charles,  b.  Dec.  21,  1802;  m.  Susan,  dau.  of  John  and  Susan 

(White)  Shedd  of  Rindge  and  Jaffrey.  He  was  a  tanner 
at  the  foot  of  Meeting-house  Hill  for  several  years  about 
1830,  but  removed  to  Derby,  Vt.,  before  1835,  and  later  to 
the  New  Ipswich  colony  at  Denmark,  Iowa.  Children :  i. 
A  daughter,  d.  in  childhood,  ii.  A  daughter,  d.  soon  after 
marriage,  iii.  Charles  Kendall,  b.  Jan.  24,  1835 ;  d.  Red- 
lands,  Cal,  July  26,  1902.  He  graduated  from  the  Univer- 
sity of  Michigan  in  1861,  and  was  a  member  of  the  faculty 
of  that  institution  until  1885,  at  first  as  an  instructor,  but 
rising  to  the  professorship  of  History,  and  being  also  Dean 
of  the  School  of  Political  Science,  and  at  the  same  time 
a  professor  "in  absentia"  at  Cornell  University,  to  the  pres- 
idency of  which  he  was  called  in  1885,  but  resigned  in  1892 
to  accept  the  presidency  of  the  University  of  Wisconsin, 
which  he  held  for  nine  years. 

60.  vi.      SoPHRONiA,  b.  Mar.   11,  1804;  m.  May  20,   1828,  Dr.  Hibbard, 

son  of  Dr.  Luther  and  Betsey  (Adams)  (13)  Jewett.  She 
also  passed  her  youth  with  her  aunt  Eunice  in  Keene. 

61.  vii.     Eunice  Augusta,  b.  Aug.  30,  1805;  d.  Dec.  22,  1846;  m.  Jan. 

3,  1833,  James  Adams,  son  of  Capt.  Abel  and  Rebecca 
(Adams)    (11)   Shedd. 

62.  viii.    Frederic  Augustus,  b.  July  19,  1807;  d.  Apr.  8,  1888;  m.  Oct. 

23.  1839,  Mary  Jane,  dau.  of  Col.  David  McGregor  Means  of 
Amherst  [b.  Jan.  1,  1811;  d.  Mar.  28,  1882].  He  graduated 
from  Dartmouth  College  in  1833,  and  from  Andover  Theo- 
logical Seminary  in  1837,  teaching  during  his  professional 
study,  being  a  tutor  at  Dartmouth  in  1836-37.  He  was  pas- 
tor at  Amherst  for  three  years,  and  then  devoted  himself 
to  teaching  in  academies  and  private  schools  in  Byfield, 
Mass.,  Orange,  N.  J.,  and  Newark,  N.  J.,  until  1882.  He 
died  at  East  Orange,  N.  J.  He  was  a  trustee  of  New  Ips- 
wich Academy  1837-44.  He  had  three  daughters  who  died 
young,  and  one  son,  Frederic,  h.  Oct.  9,  1840;  m.   (1)   Oct. 


Adams  (William) 

27,  1870,  Ella,  dau.  of  John  S.  King  of  Putnam,  O.  [d. 
Nov.  14,  1896]  ;  (2)  July  20,  1904,  Ella,  dau.  of  Morris  K. 
King  of  Norfolk,  Va. ;  six  children. 

63.  ix.      Emily  Appleton,  b.  Feb.  3,  1810. 

23.  Joseph^  (Benjamin^,  Thomas*,  Thomas^,  NathanieP, 
William^),  b.  Dec.  13,  1765.  He  married,  and  probably  left 
New  Ipswich  immediately  after,  as  his  name  appears  on  the 
town  records  only  in  1787.     Children: 

64.  i.  Isaac.     He  was  a  minister,  and  d.  leaving  one  daughter. 

65.  ii.  Hiram.     He  had  two  children. 

66.  iii.  Mary,  m. Johnson.    One  son. 

67.  iv.  Minerva,  unm. 

26.  Ephraim^  (Ephraim*',  Ephraim^,  Thomas*,  Thomas^, 
NathanieP,  William^),  b.  Oct.  15,  1773;  d.  July  16,  1833;  m. 
(1)  1800,  Sally,  dau.  of  James  and  Sarah  (Stearns)  Boutelle 
of  Leominster,  Mass.  [d.  Enosburg,  Vt.,  July  29,  1814]  ;  (2) 
Dec.  29,  1814,  Polly,  sister  of  his  first  wife  [d.  about  1830]  ;  (3) 
Salome  (Grant),  widow  of  Rev.  James  Parker,  who  survived 
him.  In  1796,  when  he  was  not  yet  23  years  of  age,  he  with 
his  brother  Isaac  and  two  fellow-townsmen,  Charles  Barrett 
and  Nathan  Wheeler,  with  the  spirit  which  in  later  years  set- 
tled the  western  areas  of  the  country,  went  to  northern 
Vermont,  and  bought  1000  acres  of  land  in  "Knight's  Gore," 
now  the  eastern  part  of  the  town  of  Bakersfield,  and  settled 
there,  keeping  "bachelor's  hall"  while  clearing  and  planting 
their  land  during  thiee  seasons,  but  returning  to  New  Hamp- 
shire each  winter  and  there  teaching  school.  Communication 
with  the  towns  upon  the  lake  to  the  west  was  not  difficult, 
and  the  young  men  had  visions  of  a  thriving  town  in  the 
future  centering  in  Knight's  Gore.  But  as  the  forest  was 
cleared,  it  was  found  that  the  surrounding  mountains  forbade 
advance  to  the  east,  and  that  the  busy  town  would  never  lie 
as  they  planned.  This  experience,  familiar  in  later  years  to 
so  many  who  have  deserted  the  eastern  states  and  sought 
homes  in  the  unsettled  West,  caused  a  complete  abandonment 
of  the  Knight's  Gore  enterprise.  But  Ephraim  Adams  did 
not  resume  residence  in  New  Ipswich;  he  went  a  few  miles 
farther  to  the  north  and  settled  in  Enosburg,  whither  he  soon 
took  his  young  wife,  and  where  all  his  children  were  born. 
Children  : 

68.  i.       John,  b.  Dec,  1801;  d.  Nov.  30,  1802. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

69.  ii.       Ephraim,  b.  Dec.  27,  1802;  d.  Oct.  20,  1837;  m.  May  26,  1825, 

Lydia  Wheeler.  He  was  a  farmer  and  a  tin-peddler.  He 
removed  to  Fitchburg  while  yet  a  young  man.  Three 

70.  iii.      James  B.,  b.  Oct.  14,  1805;  d.  1869;  m.  Mehitable  Pope.     Res. 

in  Troy,  Vt.     Three  children. 

71.  iv.      Fidelia,  b.  1807;  d.  1808. 

72.  V.       George,  b.   Dec.  27,   1809;   d.  Apr.  27,   1891;   m.    (1)    Feb.  27, 

1833,  Arvilla  Stevens  [d.  May  13,  1843]  ;   (2)   July  13,  1843, 
Mrs.  Elmira    (Stevens)    Stone   [b.  Feb.  5,   1805;   d.   Feb.  5, 
1888].     He   lived  in   Enosburg,  Vt.,  which  town  he   repre- 
sented in  the  Legislature  in  1876.     Six  children. 
11.  vi.      Julia,  b.  1812;  d.  Aug.,  1817. 

74.  vii.     Thomas  Spencer,  b.  Feb.  3,  1816.     Res.  in  Boston. 

75.  viii.    Sally,  b.  Feb.  20,  1819;  d.  June  2,  1837. 

76.  ix.      Benjamin  Stearns,  b.  Aug.  27,  1820;  m.  Apr.  16,  1843,  Susan 

S.  Pierce  [b.  Brighton,  Mass.,  June  2,  1822].  Res.  Troy,  Vt. 
n.  X.  Henry  Martyn,  b.  Nov.  20,  1823 ;  d.  Aug.  13,  1856.  He  gradu- 
ated from  Amherst  College  in  1851,  and  from  the  Theo- 
logical Institute  of  Connecticut  in  1854.  He  was  ordained 
soon  after,  at  Enosburg,  and  sailed  for  the  Gaboon  Mission 
in  Western  Africa,  where  he  labored  less  than  two  years 
before  his  death. 

78.  xi.      Joanna  K.,  b.   Apr.   12,   1827;   d.  Dec.  27,   1891;   m.   Mar.  31, 

1847,  Samuel  Henry  Dow  of  Enosburg  [b.  Dec.  6,  1822;  d. 
Mar.  27,  1907]. 

79.  xii.    John  Scott,  b.  Jan.  22,  1829;  d.  Oct.,  1858;  m.  Cordelia  Ab- 

bott [d.  Mar.,  1849].     Res.  Gardner,  Mass.    Two  children. 

27.  Isaac''  (Ephraim'',  Ephraim^,  Thomas*,  Thomas^,  Na- 
thaniel, William^),  h.  July  13,  1775;  d.  July  7,  1849;  m.  Dec. 
8,  1803,  Sally,  dau.  of  Benjamin  and  Lydia  (Hawks)  Perkins 
of  Leominster,  IVlass.  [b.  Dec.  10,  1779;  d.  June  26,  1856].  He 
had  a  part  with  his  brother  Ephraim  in  the  Knight's  Gore 
settlement,  as  related  above,  but  unlike  his  brother,  he  re- 
turned to  his  native  town  and  there  passed  his  life,  succeeding 
his  father  not  only  in  ownership  of  the  paternal  farm  but  also 
as  selectman  in  1805,  and  as  deacon  in  1814.  He  was  also 
an  Academy  trustee.    Children  : 

80.  i.        Sally,  b.  Sept.  29,  1805;  d.  Mar.  18,  1879;  m.  Dec.  26,  1837, 

Nathan,  son  of  John  and  Sarah  (Merrill)  Perley  [b.  Haver- 
hill, Mass.,  June  11,  1794;  d.  June  18,  1882].  Res.  Enos- 
burg, Vt.  Children:  i.  Ellen  S.  Perley,  b.  Feb.  18,  1839; 
d.  Aug.  10,  1845.  ii.  Laura  Perley,  b.  Mar.  8,  1842;  d.  Jan. 
14,  1879;  m.  Feb.,  1865,  Edward  H.  Smith;  one  child,  iii. 
Ephraim  Adams  Perley,  b.  Aug.  29,  1844;  d.  Jan.  19,  1905; 
m.  Sept.  10,  1879,  Susan  Paul;  one  child,  iv.  Ormond  T. 
Perley,  b.  Sept.  19,  1846;  d.  Sept.  13,  1882;  m.  Laura  Annette 



Adams  (William) 

81.  ii.       Henry,  b.  Nov.  23,  1807.+ 

82.  iii.      Marinda,  b.  Nov.  25,  1810;  d.  Jan.  19,  1879;  m.  Dec.  11,  1833, 

William  Dana  Locke  (12). 

83.  iv.      Ephraim,  b.  Dec.  13,  1812;  d.  Aug.  1,  1816. 

84.  V.       Elizabeth  Stearns,  b.  Jan.  18,  1816;  d.  Aug.  7,  1818. 

85.  vi.      Ephraim,  b.  Feb.  5,  1818.+ 

30.  JoHN^  (Ephraim*',  Ephraim^,  Thomas*,  Thomas^  Na- 
thaniel, William^),  b.  Feb.  10,  1781;  m.  Rebecca,  dau.  of 
James  and  Sarah  (Stearns)  Boutelle  of  Leominster,  Mass. 
Res.  at  Enosburg,  Vt.    Children : 

86.  i.  John. 

87.  ii.  Fidelia. 

88.  iii.  Emily. 

89.  iv.  Charles. 

90.  V.  Cyrus. 

91.  vi.  Joseph. 

92.  vii.  Ephraim. 

93.  viii.  LuciNDA. 

94.  ix.  JosiAH. 

95.  X.  Rebecca. 

36.  Timothy  Kinsman^  (Ephraim^,  Ephraim^,  Thomas*, 
Thomas^  NathanieP,  William^),  b.  Sept.  30,  1791;  m.  Mary 
Nichols.  Res.  at  Enosburg,  Vt.,  and  removed  thence  to 
Minnesota,  where  they  passed  their  lives.     Children : 

96.  i.  Clarissa. 

97.  ii.  Cynthia. 

98.  iii.  Mary. 

99.  iv.  Bartlett. 

100.  V.  Melinda. 

101.  vi.  Dorothy. 

102.  vii.  Elizabeth. 

103.  viii.  Stearns, 

104.  ix.  Thomas. 

81.  Henry*  (Isaac'',  Ephraim^,  Ephraim^,  Thomas*, 
Thomas^  Nathaniel^,  William^),  b.  Nov.  23,  1807;  d.  Oct.  21, 
1892;  m.  (1)  Jan.  1,  1835,  Deborah  Clark  (4)  [b.  Oct.  12,  1811; 
d.  June  18,  1865]  ;  (2)  Aug.  5,  1875,  Mrs.  Adeline  Proctor. 
He  was  a  farmer,  succeeding  to  the  farm  of  his  father  and 
his  grandfather,  and  like  them  he  was  a  deacon,  being  chosen 
to  that  office  upon  the  formation  of  the  Second  Congregational 
church  in  1851,  and  holding  that  position  until  the  reunion 
of  the  two  churches  ten  years  later.  He  passed  his  later 
years  at  Decorah,  Iowa.     Children : 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

109.  i.        Louisa   Deborah,  b.   Dec.  23,   1837;  m.   Oct.  9,   1860,  George 

Thompson  Hastings  [b.  Nov.,  1836;  d.  Nov.  15,  1885].  She 
res.  with  her  sister  in  Decorah,  Iowa.  One  daughter  who  d. 

110.  ii.       Mary   Hannah,  b.   Feb.   11,   1844;   m.   Dec.  25,   1863,   Samuel 

Allen  Thayer  (9). 

111.  iii.      Henry  C,  b.  June  7,  1846;  d.  May  12,  1850. 

112.  iv.      Caroline  Elizabeth,  b.  Jan.  29,  1848;  m.  Oct.  8,  1869,  Newton 

Henry,  son  of  Cyrus  and  Mary  Ann  (Weaver)  Adams  [b. 
Suffield,  O.,  Oct.  6,  1849].  He  is  a  dealer  in  grain  and  seeds 
at  Decorah,  Iowa.  Children:  i.  Burton  Henry  Adams,  b. 
Aug.  29,  1870;  m.  Mrs.  Winnie  Landers;  he  is  in  business 
with  his  father,  ii.  Grace  Deborah  Adams,  h.  Nov.  18, 
1875 ;  m.  Severt  Rebay  Ringoen,  a  cashier  in  Decorah,  Iowa, 
iii.  Walter  Clark  Adams,  b.  Apr.  8,  1882;  m.  Marie  Gene- 
vieve Cutler;  res.  in  Decorah,  Iowa. 

85.  Ephraim^  (Isaac^  Ephraim**,  Ephraim^  Tliomas*, 
Thomas^  NathanieP,  William^),  b.  Feb.  5,  1818;  d.  Nov.  30, 
1907;  m.  Sept.  16,  1845,  Elizabeth  Sylvia,  dau.  of  Jabez  Avery 
and  Elizabeth  (Ingalls)  Douglass  of  Hanover  [b.  Jan.  1,  1821 ; 
d.  July  12,  1905].  He  fitted  for  college  at  New  Ipswich 
.Vcademy  and  Phillips  Academy,  Andover,  Mass.,  and  was  one 
of  fifty  students  who  left  that  institution  upon  being  forbidden 
to  form  an  anti-slavery  society  there.  He  graduated  from 
Dartmouth  College  in  1839,  and  from'  Andover  Theological 
Seminary  in  1843.  He  was  one  of  the  noted  'Towa  band"  of 
eleven  young  men  who  in  that  year  left  Andover  for  service 
under  the  American  Home  Missionary  Society  in  the  region 
with  unfamiliar  name  "divided  between  the  Indian,  the  pioneer 
and  the  buffalo,"  where  they  believed  that  they  were  "needed 
and  most  needed."  In  the  work  of  that  band  this  son  of  New 
Ipswich  is  abundantly  testified  to  have  done  his  full  part,  not 
merely  as  a  minister  of  the  gospel,  but  in  all  the  activities  of 
the  territory  and  the  state  which,  built  in  from  the  foundation, 
have  given  that  state  its  honored  position.  He  was  ordained 
at  Denmark,  was  pastor  at  Mt.  Pleasant,  Davenport,  Decorah, 
and  Eldora,  and  was  also  for  many  years  missionary  superin- 
tendent, and  for  some  time  engaged  in  active  labor  for  Iowa 
College,  of  which  he  v/as  one  of  the  founders  and  president 
of  the  trustees  for  many  years.  The  ability  of  this  service 
was  formally  recognized  in  1882  by  the  degree  of  D.  D.  After 
46  years  of  strenuous  and  successful  endeavor  he  nominally 
retired  from  active  labors  and  was  granted  18  years  of  a  rest, 
by  no   means  slothful  or  useless  to  others,   which  normally 


Adams  (William) 

has  place  in  such  a  life,  and  which  his  able  and  equally  faith- 
ful companion  in  almost  sixty  years  of  service  was  spared  to 
pass  with  him  in  their  home  at  Waterloo,  where  they  died. 
Children  : 

113.  i.        Theodore   Douglass,   b.   Davenport,   Iowa,   July   31,    1846;    d. 

Decorah,  Iowa,  Sept.  5,  1872;  m.  May  30,  1870,  Elizabeth 

114.  ii.       Elizabeth    Camilla,   b.    Davenport,    Iowa,    Oct.   20,    1848;    d. 

Feb.  22,  1877. 

115.  iii.      Henry  Carter,  b.   Davenport,  Iowa,   Dec.  31,   1851;   m.   Sept. 

3,  1890,  Bertha,  dau.  of  Asa  H.  and  Harriet  P..  (Hammond) 
Wright  [b.  Port  Huron,  Mich.,  Apr.  11,  1865].  He  gradu- 
ated from  Iowa  College  in  1874,  was  at  Andover  Theological 
Seminary  for  a  year,  and  afterward  a  fellow  at  Johns  Hop- 
kins University  and  a  student  in  Germany  at  the  Universities 
of  Heidelberg  and  Berlin.  He  has  been  a  lecturer  on  Politi- 
cal Economy  and  Finance  at  Cornell  University  and  the  Uni- 
versity of  Michigan  for  several  years,  and  for  a  time  at 
Johns  Hopkins.  He  was  elected  professor  at  the  Univer- 
sity of  Michigan  in  1887,  and  has  made  his  home  at  Ann 
Arbor.  He  has  also  been  statistician  to  the  Interstate  Com- 
merce Commission,  and  has  had  charge  of  other  expert 
work  for  the  government.  He  is  author  of  several  ap- 
proved works  on  living  public  questions.  He  has  received 
the  degree  of  Ph.  D.  from  Johns  Hopkins,  and  of  LL.  D. 
from  Iowa  College  and  the  University  of  Wisconsin.  Chil- 
dren :  i.  Henry  Carter,  b.  Oct.  8,  1891.  ii.  Theodore 
Wright,  b.  Jan.  20,  1896.  iii.  Thomas  Hammond,  b.  Sept.  1, 

116.  iv.      Sarah  Sidnie,  b.  Hanover,  Nov.  20,  1857:  d.  Decorah,  Iowa, 

June  9,  1865. 

117.  V.       Ephraim  Douglass,  b.  Decorah,  Iowa,  Dec.  18,  1865;  m.  June 

8,  1893,  May  Stevens,  dau.  of  William  and  Jane  Elizabeth 
(Stevens)  Breakey  [b.  Ann  Arbor,  Mich.,  Sept.  6,  1867J. 
He  graduated  from  the  University  of  Michigan  in  1887, 
and  was  afterward  a  graduate  student,  receiving  the  degree 
of  Ph.  D.  in  1890.  He  was  a  member  of  the  faculty  of 
the  University  of  Kansas  for  eleven  years,  and  since  1902, 
professor  of  European  History  in  Leland  Stanford  Uni- 
versity. He  is  the  author  of  several  books.  Children :  i. 
James  Douglass,  b.  Apr.  6,  1894.     ii.  Sidney  Francis,  b.  July 

9,  1895.     iii.  Williavi  Forbes,  b.  Feb.  25,  1898. 


Edward^  Ainsworth,  b.  in  England  about  1652;  d.  Mar.,  1740/1;  m. 
Jan.  11,  1687/8,  Joanna,  dau.  of  Joshua  and  Joanna  (Evans)  Heming- 
way [b.  Sept.  21,  1670;  d.  Dec.  23,  1748].  Res.  in  Roxbury,  Mass.,  until 
1702/3,  when  he  removed  to  Woodstock,  Conn.     He  was  a  farmer. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

Edward'  (Edward'),  b.  Roxbury,  Aug.  18,  1693;  d.  June  16.  1758; 
m.  Apr.  5,  1722,  Joanna,  dau.  of  Matthew  and  Margaret  (Corbin)  Davis 
of  Pomfret,  Conn.  [b.  Oct.  22,  1696;  d.  Apr.  25,  1753].  He  was  a  pros- 
perous farmer  at  Woodstock,  Conn. 

William'  (Edward^  Edward'),  b.  July  12,  1733;  d.  Nov.  14,  1815; 
m.  May  29,  1753,  Mary  Marcy  [b.  1783;  d.  Nov.  23,  1815].  Res.  at  Lev- 
erett,  Mass.,  until  1802,  when  he  removed  to  Wales,  Mass.,  where  he  died. 

Laban*  (WilHam^  Edward^  Edward'),  b.  July  19,  1757;  d.  Mar.  16, 
1858;  m.  Dec.  4,  1787,  Mary,  dau.  of  Jonas  and  Mary  (Hall)  Minott  of 
Concord,  Mass.  [b.  Feb.  1,  1761;  d.  Feb.  3,  1845].  He  graduated  from 
Dartmouth  College  in  1778,  was  licensed  to  preach  in  1779,  and  served 
as  army  chaplain  for  a  time.  He  preached  a  short  time  in  New  Jersey, 
but  in  1782  he  entered  upon  his  pastorate  at  Jaffrey  and  there  continued 
until  his  death,  more  than  seventy-five  years  later. 

1.  William^  (Laban*,  William^,  Edward-,  Edward^),  b. 
Aug.  24,  1792;  d.  June  14,  1842;  m.  Sept.  29,  1818,  Mary  Morse 
Stearns.  He  graduated  from  Dartmouth  College  in  1811.  He 
studied  law  and  practised  at  Jaffrey  until  1831,  when  he  was 
elected  cashier  of  the  "Manufacturers'  Bank,"  which  had  been 
established  a  few  years  before  in  the  small  brick  building 
upon  the  north  side  of  the  street  opposite  the  short  street 
leading  down  to  the  "Waterloom  Factory,"  as  it  was  then 
named,  and  he  continued  in  the  successful  management  of  that 
enterprise  until  his  death.  He  was  also  a  trustee  of  the  Acad- 
emy during  most  of  his  residence  in  town.  He  died  at  Con- 
cord while  representing  the  town  in  the  Legislature.   Children  : 

2.  i.        Frederick  Smith,  b.  Apr.  17,  1820.+ 

3.  ii.       Mary  Minot,  b.  Feb.  24,   1822;  d.  June  9,   1890;  m.  Oct.    17, 

1849,  Theodore  P.  Greene,  afterward  an  admiral  in  the 
U.  S.  Navy. 

4.  iii.     William   Parker,  b.   Dec.  22,   1825;   d.   May  29,   1862,   unm. 

He  was  treasurer  of  the  Nashua  &  Lowell  railroad,  but 
resigned  that  position  to  serve  in  the  Civil  War.  He  was 
captain  of  a  New  Hampshire  company  attached  to  the  1st 
Rhode  Island  Cavalry.  He  was  killed  in  a  charge  at  Port 
Royal,  Va. 

5.  iv.      Josiah  Stearns,  b.  Aug.  7,  1832;  d.  Oct.  23,  1833. 

2.  Frederick  Smith"  (William^  Laban*,  William^  Ed- 
ward^  Edward^),  b.  Apr.  17,  1820;  d.  Oct.  5,  1878;  m.  Apr.  22, 
1856,  Mary  C.  Harris  [d.  1893].  He  graduated  from  Dart- 
mouth College  in  1840,  studied  medicine,  and  received  his 
degree  from  Harvard  Medical  School  in  1844.  He  practised 
in  Boston,  and  also  served  as  surgeon  of  the  22d  Massachu- 
setts  Regiment  and  as  brigade  surgeon  from   1862  to   1865. 


6.  i.       William,  b.  June  29,  1861 ;  d.  June  12,  1863. 


Ames  (David) 


It  has  not  been  found  practicable  to  present  the  citizens  of  New 
Ipswich  bearing  this  family  name  as  members  of  a  single  family,  but  the 
lineage  is  given  below  as  far  as  it  has  been  ascertained. 

AMES  (DAVin). 

David'  Ames,  b.  Oct.  14,  1752;  d.  Sept.  24,  1834;  m.  Margaret,  dau. 
of  Dea.  Samuel  and  Janet  (Morrison)  Mitchell  [b.  Aug.  14,  1751;  d.  May 
27,  1822].  He  removed  from  Peterboro  to  Hancock  about  1779,  and 
afterward  resided  there. 

1.  Jacob^  (David^),  b.  May  20,  1776;  d.  June  22,  1825;  m. 
Mar.  7,  1799,  Melia,  dau.  of  Joseph  and  Mittie  (Cummings) 
Symonds  [b.  Oct.  24,  1778;  d.  Jan.  13,  1836].  He  was  a  car- 
penter and  auctioneer  at  Hancock,  where  he  was  a  prominent 
citizen  and  captain  of  the  artillery  company.  He  came  to 
New  Ipswich  in  1823,  but  lost  his  life  two  years  later  by  a 
fall  from  a  building  which  he  was  erecting.     Children : 

2.  i.        Asa,  b.  Sept.  4,  1800. 
GiLMAN,  b.  1802.+ 

Amelia,  b.  1802;  m.  June  12,  1828,  George  Barr   (6). 
Lavinia,  b.   Feb.    11,   1805;   d.  June  6,   1870;   m.    (1)    June  2, 

1835,    Ephraim    W.    Blood';     (2)     Feb.    9,    1842,    Sampson 

Fletcher   (13). 
Jacob,  b.  Sept.  7,  1806.+ 
WiNSLOw,  b.  1808.+ 

Lucy  Matilda,  b.  1811;  d.  Aug.  29,  1817. 
9.  viii.   John,  b.  Sept.  15,  1815.+ 

10.  ix.      George  Leonard,  b.  1819;  d.  Sept.  12,  1838. 

11.  X.       Arethusa,  b.  Feb.,  1822;  d.  in  infancy. 

3.  Oilman^  (Jacob^,  David^),  b.  1802;  d.  Mar.  27,  1862;  m. 
(1)  Oct.  6,  1825,  Ann  E.,  dau.  of  Jeremiah  Bacon  of  Hancock 
[b.  about  1802;  d.  Apr.  11,  1834]  ;  (2)  June  4,  1835,  Hannah 
Newhall  (20).   He  was  a  carpenter  at  Bank  Village.   Children: 

12.  i.        Elizabeth  Ann,  b.  July  8,  1826;  m.  (1)  Dec.  23,  1849,  Richard 

Baxter,  son  of  Dea.  Asa  and  Betsey  (Russell)  Simonds 
of  Hancock;  (2)  Nov.  4,  1862,  William  W.  Johnson.  Three 

13.  ii.       Sarah  Jane,  b.  1828;  m.  Daniel  P.  Ramsdell   (13). 

14.  iii.      Leonard,  d.  young. 

15.  iv.      Charles  B.,  b.  about  Apr.,  1834;  d.  Aug.  13,  1834. 

6.  Jacob=^  (Jacob^  David^),  b.  Sept.  7,  1806;  d.  Aug.  27, 
1889;  m.  (1)  Rhoda  Coburn  of  Dracut,  Mass.  [b.  about  1807; 
d.  May  1,  1880]  ;  (2)  Oct.  14,  1880,  Mrs.  Lucy  Ann  Keyes  of 














History  of  New  Ipswich 

New  Ipswich   [b.  Peterboro,  Jan.  4,  1829;  d.  Jan.  24.   1908]. 
Res.  in  Dracut  and  Lowell,  Mass.     Children : 

16.  i.  RoMANZO,  b.  Sept.  21,  1833;  d.  Oct.  2,  1852. 

17.  ii.  Gilbert,  b.  Aug.  28,  1835 ;  d.  Sept.  14,  1836. 

18.  iii.  Jacob,  b.  July  14,  1837;  d.  Dec.  15,  1841. 

19.  iv.  Charles,  b.  June  4,  1839;  d.  June  20,  1857. 

20.  V.  Eveline  Aurelia,  b.  Sept.  3,  1841 ;  d.  June  28,  1852. 

7.  WiNSLOW^  (Jacob^,  David^),  b.  1808;  d.  Feb.  9,  1888;  m. 
(1)  Sept.  10,  1835,  Lucy  R.,  dau.  of  Elisha  Barret  of  Mason 
[d.  Oct.  21,  1838]  ;  (2)  Sept.  11,  1839.  Harriet,  dau.  of  James 
H.  Wood  of  Mason  [b.  Mar.  14,  1816;  d.  Dec.  2,  1881]'.  He 
lived  many  years  in  Nashua,  but  removed  to  Jersey  City, 
N.  J.,  in  1869,  and  thence  to  Montclair,  N.  J.  Engaged  in  iron 
works.     Child : 

21.  i.        James  H.,  b.  Apr.  23,  1841 ;  m.  Lucia,  dau.  of  W.  W.  Pratt  of 

Jersey  City.     Also  engaged  in  iron  business. 

9.  JoHN^  (Jacob^  David^),  b.  Sept.  15,  1815;  m.  (1)  Oct. 
12,  1843,  Saraii  T.,  dau.  of  Luke  N.  and  Mary  Perry  of  Wor- 
cester, Mass. ;  (2)  Jan.  3,  1859,  Cynthia,  dau.  of  Liberty  and 
Rachel  Rice  of  Brookfield,  Mass.  A  tanner  and  currier,  and 
later  a  farmer.    Res.  Warren,  Mass.    Children : 

22.  i.        Mary  Lavinia,  b.  July  18,  1844.     Res.  Warren,  Mass. 
John,  b.  Dec.  1,  1845.     Res.  California. 
Leonard  Herbert,  b.   Apr.  4,   1848;   d.   Sept.  9,   1850. 
Sarah    Emma,    b.    Feb.    9,    1850;    m.    Edward    L.    Foskit    of 

Warren.     Two  children. 
Helen  Gertrude,  b.  July  14,  1853;  d.  Mar.  4,  1892. 
Carrie  Emeline,  b.  Oct.  29,  1860. 

AMES  (Elijah). 

Elijah  Ames,  m.  Prudence  (?). 

Jonathan'  (Elijah^,  b.  Sept.  20,  1771;  d.  July  16,  1818;  m.  Dec.  9, 
1797,  Sarah  Tarbell.     Res.  at  Pepperell,  Mass. 

1.  Samuel  Tarbell^  (Jonathan-,  Elijah^),  b.  Mar.  23,  1810; 
d.  Cambridge,  Mass.,  May  25,  1897;  m.  July  14,  1843,  ^Tary 
Hartwell  Barr  (16).  He  removed  in  1842  from  Pepperell  to 
Boston,  where  he  was  in  the  wholesale  woolen  business  and 
later  in  real  estate.  Res.  in  Boston  and  Medford,  summers  in 
New  Ipswich.     Children  : 

2.  i.       James  Barr,  b.  June  22,  1846.-}- 

3.  ii.       Mary  Frances,  b.  Medford,  Apr.  8,  1856;  d.  Florence,  Italy, 

June  18,  1907;  m.  Nov.  29,  1881,  Heman  M.  Burr.    Children: 
i.  Roger  Ames  Burr,  b.  Aug.  28,  1882;  m.  in  Berlin,  Ger- 












Ames  (Elijah) 

many,  Oct.  27,  1908,  O.  A.  O.  Siemers ;  two  children,  ii. 
Francis  Hardon  Burr,  b.  Sept.  14,  1886;  d.  Dec.  5,  1910. 
iii.  Mary  Hartwell  Burr,  b.  Dec.  1,  1898. 

2.  James  Barr*  (Samuel  T.^,  Jonathan-,  Elijah^),  b.  Tune 
22,  1846;  d.  Jan.  8,  1910:  m.  June  28.  1880,  Sarah  Russell  [b. 
Sept.  22,  1851].  He  graduated  from  Harvard  College  in  1868, 
from  Harvard  Law  School  in  1872.  He  was  a  tutor  and  in- 
structor in  Harvard  1871-73.  Admitted  to  the  bar  in  1873,  he 
never  practised  but  was  connected  with  the  Harvard  Law 
School  ever  after  as  assistant  professor  and  dean.  He  has 
been  called  the  foremost  teacher  of  law  of  his  time,  being 
not  only  an  exceptionally  broad  and  accurate  scholar,  and  a 
profound  student  of  the  history  of  common  law,  but  also 
having  special  ability  in  the  development  of  clear  and  exact 
thought  in  those  under  his  instruction.  His  writings  published 
in  legal  periodicals  and  elsewhere  are  authoritative.  He  re- 
ceived the  degree  of  LL.  D.  from  six  universities.     Children  : 

4.  i.        Robert  Russell,  b.  Feb.  12,  1883;  m.  May  27,  1911,  Margaret 

F.  Glover.    One  son. 

5.  ii.       Richard,  b.  May  26,  1885 ;  m.  Dorothy  Abbott.     One  son. 


Samuel*  Appleton,  b.  Little  Waldingfield,  Suffolk,  England,  1586;  d. 
Rowley,  Mass.,  June,  1670;  m.  (1)  Jan.  24,  1616,  Judith  Everard  [d.  about 

1630]  ;   (2)   Martha  .     He  was  in  Ipswich  with  wife  and  five  children 

in  1636,  and  was  deputy  to  the  General  Court  the  following  year.  His 
services  in  that  capacity,  however,  terminated  during  the  same  year, 
apparently  because  he  was  not  considered  to  be  sufficiently  intolerant  in 
relation  to  Mrs.  Hutchinson  and  her  adherents. 

Samuel^  (SamueP),  b.  Little  Waldingfield,  1625;  d.  Ipswich,  May  15, 
1696;  m.  (1)  Apr.  2,  1651,  Hannah,  dau.  of  William  Paine  of  Ipswich; 
(2)  Dec.  8,  1656,  Mary,  dau.  of  John  Oliver  of  Newbury  [d.  Feb.  15, 

Isaac'  (SamueP,  Samuel'),  b.  1664;  d.  May  22,  1747;  m.  Priscilla, 
dau.  of  Thomas  Baker  of  Topsfield  [d.  May  26,  1731]. 

Isaac*  (Isaac^  SamueP,  Samuel'),  b.  May  30,  1704;  d.  Dec.  18,  1794; 
m.  (1)  pub.  Apr.  25,  1730,  Elizabeth,  dau.  of  Francis  Sawyer  of  Wells, 
Me.  [b.  1710;  d.  Apr.  29,  1785];  (2)  Dec.  11,  1785,  Mrs.  Hephzibah  (prob. 
Swain)  Appleton,  widow  of  Dea.  Joseph*  Appleton,  (01iver^  SamueP, 
SamueP),  [d.  July  7,  1788].  He  was  the  largest  proprietor  of  New  Ips- 
wich, having  six  shares ;  but  he  is  not  believed  to  have  been  an  actual 
resident  in  the  town. 

1.  IsAAC^  (Isaac*,  Isaac^,  SamueP,  Samuel^),  bapt.  ]\iay  30. 
1731 ;  d.  Feb.  26,  1806;  m.  Apr.  24,  1760,  Mary,  dau.  of  Joseph 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

Adams  of  Concord  [b.  Mar.  14,  1742;  d.  May  22,  1827].  He 
came  to  New  Ipswich  about  1750,  and  settled  upon  one  of  the 
24  lots  owned  by  his  father  (N.  D.,  41,)  building  his  house 
near  the  southeast  corner  of  the  lot,  upon  the  west  side  of  the 
old  "country  road"  not  far  from  the  point  where  the  turnpike 
was  to  intersect  it  fifty  years  later.  But  in  1756  he  removed  a 
short  distance  farther  up  the  country  road  and  there  built 
the  house  which  still  bears  over  its  entrance  the  date  of  its 
erection,  and  which  was  to  be  his  home  for  half  a  century, 
during  which  he  was  a  power  in  the  town  for  all  that  tended 
to  true  prosperity.  He  held  the  ofifice  of  town  clerk  and  of 
selectman  each  for  several  years  and  was  a  deacon  for  thirty 
years.  He  responded  to  the  call  to  arms  from  Concord,  and 
also  served  under  Capt.  Smith.  Children  —  all  born  in  New 
Ipswich  : 

3.  i.        Isaac,  b.  June  6,  1762.-f- 

4.  ii.       Joseph  B.,  b.  June  25,  1764;  d.  Keene,  Dec.  2,  1791.    He  grad- 

uated from  Dartmouth  College  in  1791. 

5.  iii.      Samuel,  b.   June  22,    1766;    d.   July,    1853;   m.    Boston,   Nov.. 

1818,  Mary,  dau.  of  John  Lekain,  widow  of  John  Gore 
[d.  May  19,  1870].  The  years  of  his  childhood  and  youth 
were  passed  upon  his  father's  farm,  where  his  monetary 
resources  bore  little  similarity  to  those  of  his  later  life. 
Many  years  afterward  he  related  the  story  of  his  first  trip 
to  Peterboro  in  his  fourteenth  year,  which  he  made  on  foot 
while  aiding  in  the  management  of  a  drove  of  cattle,  for 
which  assistance  his  father  had  received  in  advance  the 
sum  of  "ninepence"  (I2y2  cents).  But  at  the  end  of  the 
stipulated  ten  miles  an  extension  of  the  contract  was  nego- 
tiated, by  virtue  of  which  he  continued  service  over  an 
additional  ten  miles,  and  placed  in  his  own  pocket  in  return 
therefor  "fopence  ha'penny"  (6%  cents).  It  was  probably 
a  little  before  his  arrival  at  his  majority  that  Hon.  Charles 
Barrett  (5)  suggested  that  he  should  remove  to  his  settle- 
ment in  the  Maine  forests,  then  known  as  Barrettstown, 
and  presented  him  with  land  for  a  farm,  such  as  he  was 
selling  to  the  other  settlers  for  one  hundred  dollars,  which 
proposition  he  accepted,  and  labored  upon  his  new  domain 
for  about  three  years,  also  acting  as  Mr.  Barrett's  agent. 
He  did  not,  however,  choose  a  permanent  farmer's  life, 
but  returned  to  New  Ipswich,  was  one  of  the  earliest  stu- 
dents at  the  newly  founded  Academy,  and  received  from 
Principal  John  Hubbard  the  first  certificate  of  ability  to 
teach  issued  from  that  institution.  He  availed  himself  of 
the  privilege  thus  conferred  for  only  two  or  three  terms, 
and  about  the  age  of  twenty-five  he  opened  a  store  in  Ash- 
burnham,  Mass.    This  business  he  transferred  the  following 



year  to  his  native  town,  and  occupied  the  low  store-building 
standing  until  recently  at  the  foot  of  Meeting-house  Hill, 
which  Mr.  Barrett  had  built  for  his  use.  In  1794,  by  advice 
of  that  discerning  friend,  he  removed  to  Boston,  and  en- 
tered upon  a  quarter-century  of  eminently  successful  com- 
mercial activity  in  that  city,  accumulating  a  fortune  reck- 
oned among  the  largest  of  those  earlier  days,  and  maintaining 
in  all  things  a  spotless  reputation.  Near  the  close  of  his  life 
he  declared  that  Mr.  Barrett's  confidence  and  aid  were  the 
origin  of  his  wealth;  and  he  gave  form  to  his  grateful 
appreciation  in  gifts  to  the  descendants  of  his  thus  avowed 
benefactor  amounting  to  $10,000.  He  retired  from  active 
business  about  1820,  and  for  more  than  thirty  years  his 
useful  life  was  occupied  with  worthy  interests  of  the  city 
and  the  bestowal  of  discriminating  assistance  upon  deserv- 
ing benevolences.  His  estate,  according  to  the  estimate  of 
his  will,  amounted  to  almost  $1,000,000,  of  which  $200,000 
were  bequeathed  to  "Scientific,  literary,  religious  and  chari- 
table purposes"  at  the  discretion  of  his  executors.  In  the 
history  of  the  Academy,  previously  given  in  this  volume, 
it  is  shown  how  he  probably  saved  its  life  at  the  time  of  a 
serious  crisis,  and  also  gave  later  aid  commemorated  by  its 
assumption  of  his  name. 

6.  iv.      Aaron,  b.  Aug.  6,  1768;  d.  Keene,  June  20,  1852;  m.   (1)  Nov. 

17,  1799,  Eunice  Adams  (W.  25)  ;  (2)  Keziah,  dau.  of 
Nathan  Bixby  of  Keene  [b.  about  1798;  d.  June  4,  1870]. 
He  was  a  successful  merchant  in  Dublin,  but  in  1814  he 
removed  to  Keene,  where  he  continued  his  business  as  a 
general  merchant,  and  also  was  interested  in  a  glass  factory. 
He  was  one  of  the  largest  tax-payers  of  the  town. 

7.  V.       Dolly,  b.   Sept.  6,   1770;   d.  Jan.   16,   1859;   m.   Dec.  29,   1799, 

David,  son  of  David  and  Susannah  (Ralph)  Everett  of 
Princeton,  Mass.  [b.  1769;  d.  Dec.  21,  1813].  Mr.  Everett 
was  not  a  son  of  New  Ipswich,  but  Dea.  Benjamin  Adams 
(W.  2)  was  his  stepfather,  and  Maj.  Benjamin  Adams 
(W.  22)  was  his  brother-in-law,  which  facts,  together  with 
his  preparation  for  college  at  New  Ipswich  Academy  and 
his  marriage,  made  him  a  citizen  of  the  town  in  spirit,  and 
his  widow's  long  residence  in  town  after  his  death  seems 
to  give  his  life  a  place  which  demands  recognition.  He 
graduated  from  Dartmouth  College  in  1795  and  afterward 
resided  in  Boston,  except  for  a  few  years  in  Amherst,  N.  H., 
and  a  few  months  in  Marietta,  O.,  where  he  died.  He  was 
in  practice  as  a  lawyer,  but  was  also  largely  occupied  with 
political  and  literary  activities,  being  connected  with  several 
newspapers  and  also  publishing  works  from  his  pen  as  di- 
verse as  dramas  and  theological  essays,  all  showing  good 
mental  power  and  exceptional  adaptive  ability.  But  nothing 
from  his  pen  is  likely  to  be  remembered  longer  than  the 
lines  beginning 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

"You'd  scarce  expect  one  of  my  age 
To  speak  in  public  on  the  stage," 

which  he  wrote  while  teaching  in  New  Ipswich,  during  his 
preparation  for  college,  to  be  spoken  by  Ephraim  H.  Farrar 
(17),  then  a  lad  of  seven  years,  at  an  exhibition  of  his 
school.  Mrs.  Everett  returned  to  New  Ipswich  after  her 
husband's  death,  and  lived  in  the  house  a  little  below  the 
central  burying-ground  which  she  bequeathed  to  the  Congre- 
gational church  for  a  parsonage. 

8.  vi.      Moses,  b.  Mar.  17,  1773.+ 

9.  vii.     Mary,  b.   June  22,    1775;    d.   Dec.    16,    1853;   m.   Oct.   3,    1809, 

Joseph   Barrett   (2). 

10.  viii.    Ebenezer,  b.  Oct.  17,  1777;  d.  July  7,  1780. 

11.  ix.      Nathan,  b.  Oct.  6,  1779.+ 

12.  X.       Emily,  b.  Nov.  7,  1781;  d.  Burlington,  Vt.,  June  4,  1809;  m. 

Nov.  6,  1804,  Moses  Jewett  [d.  Columbus,  O.,  Aug.  12, 

13.  xi.      Eben,  b.  June  7,  1784.+ 

14.  xii.    Emma,  b.  Apr.  14,  1787;  d.  Dec.  30,  1791. 

2.  Francis^  (Isaac*,  Isaac^,  Samuel^,  SamueF),  bapt.  Mar. 
25,  1733;  d.  Jan.  29,  1816;  m.  May  5,  1758,  Elizabeth  Hubbard 
of  Ipswich  [d.  Nov.  7,  1815].  He  came  to  New  Ipswich  a 
little  before  1770  and  settled  on  the  lot  next  northeast  of  that 
of  his  brother,  N.  D.,  38,  where  he  lived  quietly,  scarcely  en- 
tering any  public  activities,  although  he  enlisted  at  least  once 
in  the  Revolutionary  service,  and  was  present  at  the  surren- 
der of  Burgoyne.  But  his  son  also  had  a  part  in  the  contest, 
so  that  it  is  uncertain  who  is  designated  by  the  common  name 
upon  the  company  rolls.  Children — born  in  Ipswich  with 
the  exception  of  the  youngest : 

15.  i.  Francis,  b.  May  28,  1759.+ 

16.  ii.  Isaac,  b.  Jan.  14,  1761.-f 

17.  iii.  John,  b.  Mar.  28,  1763.+ 

18.  iv.  Mary,  b.  1764;  d.  New  Ipswich,  1820. 

19.  V.  Elizabeth,  b.  1767;  d.  New  Ipswich,  Nov.  27,  1850. 

20.  vi.  Jesse,  b.  Nov.  17,  1772.-f 

3.  Isaac''  (Isaac^  Isaac*,  Isaac^,  SamueP,  SamueP),  b. 
June  6,  1762;  d.  Dublin,  N.  H.,  Aug.  19,  1853;  ni.  Dec.  9,  1788, 
Sarah,  dau.  of  Ebenezer  Twitchell  of  Dublin.  Children  —  all 
born  in  Dublin : 

21.  i.        Sarah,  b.  Mar.  5,  1790;  m.  James  B.  Todd  of  Byron,  N.  Y. 

22.  ii.       Joseph,  b.  Dec.  5,  1791.+ 

23.  iii.      Emily,  b.   May   15,   1794;   d.   Sept.  9,   1842;   m.  June  9,   1825, 

Samuel  Estabrook. 

24.  iv.      David,  b.  July  16,  1796;  d.  Mar.,  1870. 











25.  V.       Mary,  b.  Mar.  12,  1800;  m.  (1)  Jan.  30,  1823,  Cyrus  B.  Davis- 

(2)  Mar.  10,  1853,  Asa  Holt  of  Ashby. 

26.  vi.      Samuel,  b.  July  12,  1803.+ 

27.  vii.     Isaac,  b.  Feb.  21,  1806;  d.  Nov.  26,  1827. 

28.  viii.    Harriet,  b.   Dec.    1,    1811;   m.   May  27,   1844,  Rev.   Henry  A. 

Kendall  of  Dublin. 

8.  MosES^  (Isaac^  Isaac*,  Isaac^  SamueP,  SamueP),  b. 
Mar.  17.  1773;  d.  Waterville.  Me.,  May  5.  1849;  m.  1801.  Ann 
Clark   [d.  Jan.  4,  1864].     Children— all  born  at  Waterville: 

29.  i.        Ann  Louisa,  b.  Sept.  26,  1802;  m.  May,  1826,  Samuel  Wells 

of  Portland,  Me. 
Samuel,  b.  Sept.  30,  1803. 
Mary  Jane,  b.  Dec.  14,  1805 ;  m.  June  22,  1830,  Samuel  Plasted 

of  Waterville. 
George  Alfred,  b.  June  15,  1809;  d.  Nov.  5,  1811. 
Moses  Larke,  b.  Feb.  3,  1811.-)- 

11.  Nathan^  (Isaac'^,  Isaac*,  Isaac^,  SamueP,  Samuel^),  b. 
Oct.  6,  1779;  d.  July  14,  1861;  m.  (1)  Apr.  13,  1806,  Maria 
Theresa,  dau.  of  Thomas  Gold  of  Pittsfield.  Mass.  [b.  Nov. 
8.  1786;  d.  Feb.  10,  1833]  ;  (2)  Jan.  8,  1839,  Harriot  C,  dau.  of 
Jesse  Sumner  of  Boston  [d.  Oct.  10,  1867].  Children — all 
born  at  Boston : 

34.  i.        Thomas  Gold,  b.  Mar.  31,  1812. 

35.  ii.       Mary,  b.  Oct.  18,  1813 ;  m.  Dec.  26,  1839,  Robert  James  Mack- 

intosh of  London. 

Charles  Sedgwick,  b.  Oct.  9,  1815 ;  d.  Oct.  25,  1835. 

Frances  Elizabeth,  b.  Oct.  6,  1817;  d.  July  10,  1861;  m.  July 
13,  1843,  Henry  Wadsworth  Longfellow  of  Cambridge. 

George  William,  b.  Oct.  1,  1826;  d.  May  25,  1827. 

William  Sumner,  b.  Jan.  11,  1840.-f 

Harriot,  b.  Nov.  16,  1841;  m.  Nov.  17,  1863,  Greely  Steven- 
son Curtis  of  Boston. 

41.  viii.   Nathan,  b.  Feb.  2,  1843. 

13.  Eben"  (Isaac^,  Isaac*,  Isaac^,  SamueP,  SamueP),  b. 
June  7,  1784;  d.  Lowell,  Apr.  29,  1833;  m.  Oct.  12,  1809,  Sarah 
Patterson  [d.  July  12,  1837].     Children: 

42.  i.  Sarah,  b.  Liverpool,  Eng.,  July  12,  1810;  d.  June  5,  1837. 

43.  ii.  Samuel,  b.  London,  Eng.,  Dec.  26,  1811.-(- 

44.  iii.  William   Stuart,  b.   Cambridge,  June   1,    1814.-|- 

45.  iv.  Caroline  Francis,  b.  London,  Eng.,  Aug.  27,   1817;  m.  Dec. 

17,  1844,  Samuel  Blatchford  of  Auburn,  N.  Y. 

15.  Francis®  (Francis^,  Isaac*,  Isaac^,  SamueP,  SamueP), 
b.  May  28,  1759;  d.  Dublin,  July  16,  1849;  m.  June  2,  1789, 
Mary,  dau.  of  Noah  Ripley  of  Barre  [d.  Aug.  2,  1840].  He 
served  under  Capts.  Briant,  Stephen  Parker,  and  Fletcher  in 












History  of  New  Ipswich 

the  earlier  years  of  the  Revolution,  unless,  as  has  been  earlier 
suggested,  a  part  of  this  service  should  be  credited  to  his 
father.  In  1779  he  removed  to  Dublin,  where  he  passed  the 
remaining  70  years  of  his  life,  and  where  he  was  a  deacon 
for  36  years.    Children — all  born  at  Dublin: 

46.  i.        An  infant,  b.  Mar.  9,  1790;  d.  Mar.  10,  1790. 

47.  ii.       Mary,  b.  Sept.  22,  1792;  m.  Feb.  16,  1813,  Jonathan  Warren 

of  Dublin. 

48.  iii.     Elizabeth,  b.  Feb.  12,  1795;  d.  Sept.  11,  1798. 

49.  iv.     Ashley,  b.  Dec.  23,  1796.+ 

50.  V.       Francis  Oilman,  b.  Feb.  24,  1799.+ 

51.  vi.      Eliza  Ann,  b.  May  28,   1801;  d.  July  19,  1840;  m.  Dec.  31, 

1823,  John  Gould  (32). 

52.  vii.     Serena,  b.  June  1,  1804;  m.  June  28,  1832,  Thaddeus  Morse  of 


53.  viii.    Sophia,  b.  Nov.   15,  1806;  m.  Apr.  19,  1832,  Thomas  Fisk  of 


54.  ix.     Jesse  Ripley,  b.  Apr.  25,  1809.+ 

16.  Isaac*'  (Francis^  Isaac*,  Isaac^,  SamueP,  Samuel^),  b. 
Jan.  14,  1761;  d.  Aug.  27,  1838;  m.  June  2,  1791,  Hepzibah 
Foster  (8).  He  lived  at  the  north  end  of  Smith  Village,  S.  R., 
X:  3.  His  house  was  the  first  upon  the  right  hand  side  of  the 
road  from  the  Center  Village,  but  it  now  occupies  the  second 
place  on  the  same  side  of  the  road,  Capt.  Nutting,  who  oc- 
cupied the  place  for  many  years,  having  moved  it  down  the 
hill  about  1850,  and  built  the  present  house  upon  the  site  of 
the  Appleton  house,  and  another  house  having  been  erected 
still  nearer  the  Center  Village.  Children — born  in  New 
Ipswich : 

55.  i.       Isaac  H. 

56.  ii.       Emily,  b.  1800;  d.  Boston,  Dec,  1866;  m.  May  23,  1850,  Joseph 

Noyes  of  Boston. 

17.  John*'  (Francis^  Isaac*,  Isaac^  SamueP,  Samuel^),  b. 
Mar.  28,  1763;  d.  Feb.  16,  1849;  m.  Elizabeth,  dau.  of  Ephraim 
Peabody  of  Wilton  [d.  Oct.  28,  1809].  He  succeeded  to  the 
occupancy  of  his  father's  farm.  Children — born  in  New 
Ipswich : 

57.  i.        John,  b.  July  12,  1804.+ 

58.  ii.       Elvira,  b.  Apr.  6,   1807;   d.  Apr.  24,   1852;   m.  June  3,   1830, 

George  C.  Gibson  (3). 

20.  Jesse*'  (Francis^  Isaac*,  Isaac^,  SamueP,  SamueP),  b. 
Nov.  17,  1772;  d.  Brunswick,  Me.,  Nov.  12,  1819;  m.  Apr.  25, 
1800,  Elizabeth,  dau.  of  Robert  Means  of  Amherst,  N.  H.  [d. 



Boston,  Oct.  29,  1844].  He  prepared  for  college  in  the  acad- 
emy while  at  home,  and  graduated  from  Dartmouth  College 
in  1792.  He  then  taught  for  two  years  in  Dover  and  in 
Amherst,  studied  theology,  and  began  to  preach  at  the  age 
of  twenty-three,  and  two  years  later  was  ordained  at  Hampton, 
N.  H.  After  ten  years  he  left  that  post  to  accept  the  presi- 
dency of  Bowdoin  College,  which  he  held  until  his  death,  per- 
forming not  only  the  duties  especially  appropriate  to  that 
office,  but  also,  as  was  necessarily  the  custom  at  that  time, 
giving  instruction  to  a  very  considerable  extent.  As  a 
preacher,  as  a  teacher,  and  as  an  executive  officer  he  was 
eminently  successful,  and  his  personal  relations  with  the  stu- 
dents were  exceptionally  kind  and  valuable.  He  received  from 
his  Alma  Mater  and  also  from  Harvard  the  Doctor's  degree 
in  Divinity.  Children — the  earlier  three  born  at  Hampton 
and  the  later  at  Brunswick : 

59.  i.        Mary  Means,  b.  Oct.  27,  1801;  m.  May,  1832,  John  Aiken  of 


60.  ii.       Elizabeth  Frances,  b.  Apr.  22,  1804;  d.  June  2,  1839;  m.  May 

24,  1827,  Alpheus  Spring  Packard  of  Brunswick. 

61.  iii.     Jane  Means,  b.  Mar.  12,  1806;  d.  Dec.  2,  1863;  m.  Nov.,  1834, 

Franklin  Pierce,  afterward  President  of  the  United  States. 

62.  iv.      William,  b.  Nov.  7,  1808;  d.  Cincinnati,  O.,  Oct.  19,  1830. 

63.  V.       Robert,  b.  Dec.  4,  1810. 

64.  vi.     John,  b.  Aug.  4,  1814;  d.  Oct.  19,  1817. 

22.  Joseph^  (Isaac®,  Isaac^  Isaac*,  Isaac^,  SamueP,  Sam- 
ueP),  b.  Dec.  5,  1791 ;  d.  May  9,  1840;  m.  Mar.  24,  1818,  Han- 
nah, dau.  of  Elisha  Knowlton  of  Dublin  who  m.  (2)  Jan.  23, 
1844,  Oliver  Barrett  of  New  Ipswich.     Children : 

65.  i.       Joseph  B.,  b.  New  Ipswich,  Mar.  9,  1819;  m.  Sept.  18,  1844, 

Abby  H.  Hunt. 

66.  ii.      Mary  Theresia  Gold,  b.  New  Ipswich,  Oct.  20,  1820;  m.  Apr. 

20,  1843,  Edward  F.  Preston  (SO). 

67.  iii.     Isaac  Henry  Clay,  b.  New  Ipswich,  July  20,  1827;  d.  Mar. 

28,  1830. 

68.  iv.      H.  Celestia,  d.  1859;  m.  June  26,  1848,  N.  Oilman  Bagley  [b. 

Candia,  N.  H.,  July  19,  1813;  d.  Aug.  6,  1909].  Res.  in 
Sharon.  Children:  i.  David  Bagley.  ii.  Mary  Celestia 

69.  v.       Henry  Clay,  b.  1835;  d.  Feb.  25,  1837. 

70.  vi.      Eugene,  b.  about  1838;  d.  Mar.  11,  1874. 

26.  Samuel^  (Isaac®,  Isaac^  Isaac*.  Isaac^  SamueF,  Sam- 
ueP),  b.  July  12,  1803;  d.  June  20,   1830;  m.  Mar.  20,  1827, 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

Emily,  dau.  of  Joseph  Hayward  of  Dublin,  who  m.  (2)  June 
5,  1833,  Calvin  Aiken  of  Francestown.     Child : 

71.  i.        Mary  Jane,  m.  Farr  of  Portland,  Me. 

33.  Moses  Larke^  (Moses^,  Isaac^  Isaac*,  Isaac^  SamueP, 
SamueP),  b.  Feb.  3,  1811;  d.  Bangor,  Me.,  Sept.  25,  1859;  m. 
Mar.,  1835,  Jane  Sophia,  dau.  of  Thomas  A.  Hill  of  Bangor, 
Me.     Children : 

72.  i.  Edward  Larke,  b.  Sept.  8,  1839;  d.  Boston,  Oct.  25,  1868. 

73.  ii.  Francis  E.,  b.  1841. 

74.  iii.  Alice  G. 

75.  iv.  Margaret,  b.  1855. 

39.  William  Sumner'^  (Nathan^,  Isaac^,  Isaac*,  Isaac^, 
Samuel-,  SamueP),  b.  Jan.  11,  1840;  d.  Apr.  28,  1903;  m.  Berne, 
Switzerland,  Aug.  12,  1871,  Edith  Stuart  Appleton  (92).  Chil- 
dren : 

76.  i.        Eleanor  Armistead,  b.  Paris,  France,  May  11,  1872;  m.  Apr. 

12,  1904,  Maj.  Robert  Hargreave  Eraser  Standen  [b.  in  India, 
July  2,  1871].  She  resides  in  Ireland.  Children:  i.  Edith 
Appleton  Standen,  b.  Halifax,  N.  S.,  Feb.  21,  1905.  ii. 
Anthony  Standen,  h.  Temple  Ewell,  Kent,  Eng.,  Sept.  9, 
1906.  iii.  Marjorie  Standen,  b.  Temple  Ewell,  Kent,  Eng., 
Oct.  20,  1907. 

77.  ii.       William  Sumner,  b.  May  29,  1874. 

78.  iii.      Marjorie  Crane,  b.  May  19,  1875;  d.  Nov.  19,  1913. 

79.  iv.      Dorothy  Everard,  b.  Jan.   10,  1878;  m.  Dec.  8,   1904,  George 

Francis  Weld  [b.  Apr.  22,  1866].  Res.  Santa  Barbara,  Cal. 
Children:  i.  Dorothy  Weld,  b.  Jan.  31,  1906.  ii.  Anna  Weld, 
b.  July  26,  1908.  iii.  George  Francis  Weld,  b.  Nov.  4,  1910. 
iv.  Sumner  Appleton  Weld,  b.  June  24,  1912. 

80.  V.       Gladys  Hughes,  b.  Nov.  22,  1881. 

43.  Samuel^  (Eben^,  Isaac^,  Isaac*,  Isaac^,  SamueP,  Sam- 
ueP),  b.  Dec.  26,  1811  ;  d.  June  4,  1861  ;  m.  (1)  London,  Eng., 
Sept.  24,  1839,  Julia,  dau.  Daniel  Webster  of  Marshfield,  Mass. 
[d.  Boston,  Apr.  28,  1848]  ;  (2)  July  28,  1857,  Mary  Ann 
Whiting  [d.  Oct.  27,  1870].     Children  — all  born  at  Boston: 

81.  i.        Caroline  LeRoy,  b.  Oct.  3,   1840;   d.   Nov.   19,   1911;  m.    (1) 

Newbold  Edgar  of  New  York  [d.  Ems,  Germany,  July  26, 
1869]  ;  (2)  Newport,  R.  I.,  Sept.  7,  1871,  Jerome  Napoleon 

82.  ii.       Samuel,  b.  Nov.  25,  1841;  m.   (1)   Philadelphia,  June  22.  1863, 

Mary  Ernestine,  dau.  of  J.  J.  Abercrombie  of  the  U.  S. 
Army  [d.  Aug.  27,  1869]  ;  (2)  Oct.  9,  1872,  Anna  Maybin 
Jones  of  Southboro,  Mass. 

83.  iii.      Julia   Fletcher,  b.   Feb.   8,   1844;   m.   Apr.    12,    1871,   Walker 

Keith  Armistead  of  New  York. 



84.  iv.      Daniel  Webster,  b.  May  6,  1845 ;  d.  Boston,  May  23,  1872 ;  m. 

Mary  Freeman  of  Ayer,  Mass. 

85.  V.       Mary  Constance,  b.  Feb.  7,  1848;  d.  Mar.  15.  1849. 

44.  William  Stuart^  (Eben",  Isaac^  Isaac*,  Isaac',  Sam- 
uel-, SamueP),  b.  June  1,  1814;  m.  Nov.  27,  1838,  Georgiana 
Louisa  Frances,  dau.  of  George  Armistead  of  the  U.  S.  Army. 
Children — all  born  at  Baltimore: 

86.  i.        Louise  Armistead,  b.  Dec.  6,  1839;  m.  Berlin,  Prussia,  Oct.  15, 

1871,  Frederick  Irving  Knight  of  Boston. 
Sarah  Paterson,  b.  Nov.  2,  1840;  d.  Aug.  4,  1841. 
William  Stuart,  b.  Nov.  1,  1841 ;  d.  Jan.  6,  1845. 
George  Armistead,  b.  Aug.  11,  1843. 
Eben,  b.  Aug.  19,  1845 ;  m.  Nov.  24,  1868,  Isabel,  dau.  of  John 

Slade  of  New  York. 
Georgiana  Louise  Frances  Gillis  Armistead,  b.  July  15,  1847; 

m.  Sept.  2,  1869,  George  M.  Hunter  of  Wilmington,  Del. 
Edith   Stuart,  b.  June  11,  1849;  d.  Jan.   19,  1892;  m.  Berne, 

Switzerland,  Aug.  12,  1871,  William  Sumner  Appleton  (39). 
Margaret    Armistead,    b.    Feb.    19,    1851;    m.    Feb.    23,    1871, 

George  Livingston  Baker  of  Boston. 
Caroline  Frances,  b.  July  4,  1853;  d.  Sept.  21,  1857. 
Alice  Maud,  b.  Sept.  24,  1859. 

49.  Ashley^  (Francis*^,  Francis^,  Isaac*,  Isaac^,  Samuel^, 
SamueP),  b.  Dec.  23,  1796;  m.  Jan.  27,  1823,  Nancy,  dau.  of 
Thaddeus  Metcalf  of  Keene.     Children — born  at  Granby,  Vt. : 

96.  i.        George  Ashley,  b.   Nov.  23,   1823;   m.   May   11,   1851,   Fanny 

Reed,  dau.  of  Rev.  John  Wooster  of  Granby. 

97.  ii.       Francis  Gilman,  b.  June  15,  1825 ;  d.  Apr.  27,  1849. 

98.  iii.      Nancy  Metcalf,  b.  Oct.  26,  1831 ;  m.  June  20,  1855,  Oliver  L. 

Richardson  of  Atlanta,  Ga. 

50.  Francis  Gilman^  (Francis**,  Francis^,  Isaac*,  Isaac^, 
Samuel-,  SamueF),  b.  Feb.  24,  1799;  m.  Sept.  29,  1825,  Mary, 
dau.  of  Joseph  Haywood  of  Dublin.  Children  —  born  at  Troy, 
N.  Y.: 



















99.  i. 

Alfred  Curtis. 

00.  ii. 

Mary  Elizabeth, 

.01.  iii. 


54.  Jesse  Ripley^  (Francis**,  Francis^,  Isaac*,  Isaac^,  Sam- 
ueP, SamueF),  b.  Apr.  25,  1809;  m.  (1)  Apr.  13,  1841,  Louisa, 
dau.  of  Thaddeus  Mason  of  Dublin  [d.  Nov.  3,  1844]  ;  (2) 
Mar.  11.  1852,  Abbie  Sophia,  dau.  of  Calvin  Mason  of  Dublin. 
Children — born  at  Dublin: 

102.  i.        Ellen  Rebecca,  b.  Nov.  30,  1853;  d.  Sept.  14,  1859. 

103.  ii.       Charles  Francis,  b.  Apr.  6,  1856. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

57.  JoHN^  (John",  Francis^,  Isaac*,  Isaac^,  SaniueF,  Sam- 
ueF),  b.  July  12,  1804;  d.  Feb.  7,  1891 ;  m.  Feb.  6,  1834,  Sarah, 
dau.  of  Hon.  Samuel  Allen  of  Northfield,  Mass.  He  prepared 
for  college  at  New  Ipswich  Academy,  entered  Bowdoin  Col- 
lege at  the  age  of  fourteen,  and  graduated  in  1822.  He  was  a 
teacher  for  a  brief  period  after  graduation,  then  entered  upon 
the  study  of  the  law,  and  when  only  twenty-two  years  old 
was  admitted  to  the  bar  at  Amherst.  His  life  thereafter  was 
spent  in  Maine,  at  first  at  Dixmont,  later  at  Sebec,  and  after 
1832  at  Bangor,  where  he  was  for  many  years  one  of  the  lead- 
ing practitioners  of  the  state.  In  1852  he  was  appointed  a 
justice  of  the  Supreme  Judicial  Court,  and  ten  years  later 
became  chief  justice  of  the  Supreme  Court,  which  position  he 
held  for  a  period  of  21  years.  He  paid  special  attention  to  the 
law  of  evidence,  and  his  published  writings  in  that  field  had 
great  influence  for  the  removal,  in  both  state  and  national 
courts,  of  the  former  legal  disability  of  parties  to  a  suit,  either 
civil  or  criminal,  to  be  heard  as  witnesses.  He  was  a  trustee 
of  his  Alma  Mater,  from  which  he  received  the  degree  of 
LL.  D.  in  1860.     Children : 

104.  i.        John  Francis,  b.  Aug.  29,  1838;  d.  Aug.  21, 1870.    He  graduated 

from  Bowdoin  College  in  1860.  He  was  brevet  brigadier- 
general  in  United  States  Volunteers,  and  held  the  position 
of  United  States  District  Judge  in  the  Eastern  District  of 

105.  ii.       Sarah  Peabody,  b.  July  2,  1841 ;  d.  Jan.  24,  1844. 

106.  iii.     Frederic  Hunt,  b.  Jan.  14,  1844;  m.  Feb.  18,  1892,  Mary  Allie 

Gibson  (20).  He  graduated  from  Bowdoin  College  in 
1864,  and  received  the  degree  of  LL.  D.  He  was  a  lawyer 
at  Bangor,  Me. 

107.  iv.      Edward  Peabody,  b.  June  11,  1846;  d.  July  6,  1869. 

108.  V.       Henry  Allen,  b.  Jan.  7,  1849;  d.  1903. 


Michael'  Bacon,  d.  Apr.  18,  1648;  m.  Alice  [d.  Apr.  2,  1648]. 

He  came  to   New   England,  probably   from   Suffolk  county,   England,   in 
1640,  and  was  one  of  the  early  settlers  at  Dedham,  Mass. 

Daniel^  (Michael^),  probably  b.  in  England;  d.  Sept.  7,  1691;  m. 
Bridgewater,  Mass.,  Mary,  dau.  of  Thomas  Reed  of  Colchester,  Essex 
county,  Eng.  [d.  Oct.  5,  1691].  Res.  successively  at  Dedham,  Woburn, 
Bridgewater,  and  Newton,  in  which  last  town  he  died. 

Daniel"  (DanieP,  Michael'),  probably  b.  at  Bridgewater;  m.  Aug.  1, 
1664,  Susanna,  dau.  of  Michael  Spencer  of  Salem.  He  lived  at  Boxford 
in  1660,  but  removed  to  Salem,  where  he  was  a  shipwright  in  1664. 

Michael*    (DanieP,   Daniel",  Michael'),  b.   Salem,   Oct.  23,   1676;   m. 

Margaret .    Res.  at  Salem. 



1.  Retire^  (Michael*,  Dan^el^  Daniel-,  MichaeP),  bapt. 
Salem,  Apr.  17,  1720;  m.  (1)  Boxford,  Mass.,  Apr.  14,  1741, 
Mary,  dau.  of  Jacob  and  Hannah  (Goodline)  Hale  [b.  Feb. 
25,  1722;  d.  about  1762];  (2)  Rowley,  Mass.,  Aug.  27,  1764, 
Margfaret  Burnham  of  Ipswich,  Mass.,  who  died  in  1808,  at 
which  time  it  was  said  she  was  100  years,  5  months,  and  21 
days  of  age,  and  had  "drank  nothing  stronger  than  small  beer 
for  fourteen  years  before  her  death."  He  probably  lived  in 
Boxford,  Mass.,  until  after  his  second  marriage,  and  he  ren- 
dered military  service  in  1758,  but  in  May,  1771,  he  came  from 
Ipswich,  Mass.,  to  New  Ipswich,  and  his  name  appears  on 
the  tax  list  until  1787.  He  lived  on  the  southern  part  of  XI: 
1,  S.  R.,  on  the  old  "malt-house  road"  not  far  from  the  present 
road  from  Hodgkins  corner  to  Davis  Village.  He  also  had 
a  large  tract  of  land  in  Sharon,  and  perhaps  he  occupied  it 
for  a  few  years  before  making  his  home  in  New  Ipswich. 
Children : 

2.  i.  Hannah,  bapt.  Apr.  22,  1744. 

3.  ii.  Susanna,  bapt.  May  27,  1744;  d.  young. 

4.  iii.  Sarah,  bapt.  Jan.  25,  1747;  d.  young. 

5.  iv.  Sarah,  bapt.  Nov.  6,  1748. 

6.  V.  Jacob,  bapt.  Feb.  17,  1751. 

7.  vi.  Susanna,  bapt.  July  17,  1757. 

8.  vii.  Molly,  bapt.  Oct.  8,  1758. 

9.  viii.  Hetty,  bapt.  May  23,  1762. 


John*   Balch,   d.    Salem,   Mass.,    1648;    m.    (1)    Margery  ;    (2) 

Agnes  (or  Annis)  Patch.  He  came  from  Somersetshire,  England,  in 
1623,  landing  at  Weymouth.  He  settled  at  Salem,  and  was  made  freeman 
in  1631,  the  earliest  date  of  such  action.  In  1638  he  built  a  house  in  the 
region  which  is  now  Beverly,  which  house  is  still  standing  and  in  the 
possession  of  the  family.     He  was  one  of  the  first  board  of  selectmen. 

Benjamin^  (John*),  b.  of  first  marriage  in  winter  of  1628/9;  d.  after 
Jan.,  1714/5;  m.  (1)  about  1650,  Sarah,  dau.  of  Thomas  Gardner  [d.  Apr. 
5,  1686] ;  (2)  Feb.  5,  1689,  Abigail,  widow  of  Matthew  Clarke  of  Marble- 
head,  Mass.  [b.  about  1635 ;  d.  June  1,  1690]  ;  (3)  Mar.  15,  1691/2,  Grace 
Mallet   [d.  before  1704].     Res.  in  the  family  home. 

John'  (Beniamin^  John*),  b.  July  18,  1657;  d.  Nov.  19,  1738;  m. 
Dec.  23,  1674,  Hannah,  dau.  of  Philip  and  Joanna  Veren  [b.  1655].  He 
was  a  carpenter  and  farmer  on  the  ancestral  farm.  He  was  selectman, 
representative,  and  a  lieutenant. 

David*  (John^  Benjamin^  John*),  b.  Oct.  1,  1691;  d.  Topsfield,  Mass., 
Sept.  25,  1769;  m.  (1)  Apr.  29,  1713,  Hannah,  dau.  of  Thomas  and  Sarah 
(Wallis)    Perkins    [b.  Feb.   10,   1692/3;   d.  Jan.   1,   1747/8];    (2)    Nov.   14, 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

1752,  Esther,  dau.  of  Thomas  and  Mary  (Perkins)  Dwinel  of  Topsfield 
[b.  May  1,  1720;  d.  Jan.  13,  1815/6].     Res.  in  Topsfield. 

John'  (David\  John^  Benjamin^  John'),  b.  Nov.  2,  1716;  d.  Dec. 
31,  1774;  m.  June  17,  1740,  Rebecca,  dau.  of  Samuel  and  Rebecca  (Curtis) 
Smith  [b.  about  1714;  d.  Mar.  1,  1794].  He  was  a  tanner  and  currier 
in   Topsfield. 

Robert"  (John',  David',  John',  Benjamin',  John'),  bapt.  July  28,  1745; 
d.  Aug.  3,  1830;  m.  Nov.  28,  1769,  Sarah,  dau.  of  Dea.  Solomon  Dodge 
fb.  June,  1752;  d.  Mar.  16,  1822].  He  was  a  farmer  in  Topsfield,  but  re- 
moved to  New  Boston,  1791. 

John'  (Robert^  John',  David*,  John',  Benjamin',  John'),  b.  June  25, 
1779;  d.  June  20,  1822;  m.  Deborah  Kenniston  of  Weare.  He  was  a 
farmer  at  Jericho,  Vt. 

John  Jefferson'  (John',  Robert^  John',  David\  John^  Benjamin^ 
John'),  b.  June  27,  1804;  d.  Mar.  10,  1879;  m.  Nov.,  1827,  Abigail  J. 
Mudgett.     Res.  New  Boston,  but  removed  to  Lyndeboro  in  1862. 

1.  Moses  M.«  (John^  John",  Robert^  John^,  David*,  John^ 
Benjamin^  John^),  b.  Sunapee,  Sept.  11,  1831;  d.  June  5,  1914; 
m.  Nov.  20,  1856,  Harriet  Elizabeth,  dau.  of  Asa  and  Polly 
(Tapley)  Stiles  of  Wilton.  After  reaching  the  age  of  man- 
hood he  lived  five  years  at  Weare,  then  in  Temple  until  1878, 
after  which  time  he  was  a  citizen  of  New  Ipswich.  He  had 
previously  owned  and  conducted  a  saw  and  grist  mill,  and 
despite  the  loss  of  the  greater  part  of  his  right  hand  while 
sawing,  he  purchased  the  mill  at  the  Gibson  Village,  and  con- 
tinued a  similar  industry  for  ten  years.  His  home  of  later 
time  was  the  house  in  the  Center  Village  upon  the  north  side 
of  the  Turnpike,  long  the  dwelling  of  Charles  A.  Whitney. 
Children  : 

2.  i.        Anna  Jane,  b.   Oct.   11,   1858;   m.  June,   1908,   Frank  J.   Mc- 

Laughlin.    Res.   in  Peterboro. 

3.  ii.       Ella  Minerva,  b.  July  3,   1862;   m.  Jan.  24,   1883,  Albert  F. 

Walker   (S.  23). 

4.  iii.     Abbie  Louise,  b.   Feb.   1,   1870;   m.  Apr.  26,  1892,  Wilbur  L. 

Phelps   (4). 

5.  iv.      Albro   Leslie,    (adopted)    b.  Jan.  8,   1878;   m.  June  25,   1902, 

Mary  Louisa  Mansfield    (33).     Child:     i.  Hasel  Elizabeth, 
b.  Aug.  25,  1905. 


1.  JosiAH^  Ballard,  b.  Apr.  14,  1806;  d.  Dec.  12,  1863;  m. 
Oct.  16,  1835,  Elizabeth  Dorothy,  dau.  of  Rev.  Dr.  John  Mil- 
ton and  Abby  (Morris)  Whiton  of  Antrim,  N.  H.  [b.  Alar.  7, 
1811 ;  d.  Aug.  10,  1862].  He  was  the  son  of  William  and  Mary 
(Abbot)  Ballard  of  Peterboro,  where  he  was  born  and  where 



he  attended  the  district  schools  until  he  was  sixteen  years  of 
age,  when  he  went  to  Boston  and  there  learned  the  mason's 
trade,  at  which  he  labored  for  several  years.  He  then  entered 
the  academy  at  Monson,  Mass.,  fitted  for  college,  and  gradu- 
ated from  Yale  in  1827.  After  a  brief  period  as  a  teacher  in 
the  academy  at  Westfield,  Mass.,  he  commenced  the  study  of 
theology  with  Rev.  Dr.  Whiton  at  Antrim,  was  ordained  in 
1835,  and  held  pastorates  at  Chesterfield,  Nelson,  and  Sudbury, 
Mass.,  before  coming  to  New  Ipswich  in  1852  and  becoming 
the  first  pastor  of  the  Second  Congregational  church,  just  or- 
ganized as  related  on  a  preceding  page.  The  unpleasant  con- 
ditions then  existing  caused  him  to  believe  it  well  that  he 
should  sever  his  connection  with  that  church  a  little  before 
the  close  of  his  third  year  of  earnest  labor  as  its  head,  and 
he  afterward  served  the  churches  in  Plympton,  Mass.,  and 
Carlisle,  Mass.,  at  which  last-named  place  he  died.  To  the 
end  of  his  life  there  were  plainly  manifest  the  characteristics 
of  an  earnest,  self-made  man.     Children : 

2.  i.        Edward  Otis,  b.  Apr.  19,  1837.-1- 

3.  ii.       Catherine    Elizabeth,   b.    Nelson,   Apr.   9,    1840;    d.    Apr.   3, 

1877 ;  m.  Jan.  23,  1864,  Emory  B.  Smith,  a  lawyer  of  Platts- 
burg,  N.  Y.,  and  later  of  Boston.  Res.  Melrose,  Mass. 
Children:  i.  Walton  Ballard  Smith,  b.  Sept.  24,  1866;  m. 
Nov.  23,  1893,  Edith  Hoffnagle;  res.  Attleboro,  Mass.; 
four  children,  ii.  Bertha  Leland  Smith,  b.  May  12,  1868; 
m.  Nov.  13,  1897,  Carl  Smith;  res.  Attleboro,  Mass.  iii. 
Catherine  Elizabeth  Smith,  b.  Mar.  13,  1877;  unm. ;  res. 
Maiden,  Mass. ;  she  is  connected  with  the  Massachusetts 
State  Board  of  Charities. 

2.  Edward  O.-  (Josiah^),  b.  Apr.  19,  1837;  m.  (1)  Sept. 
24,  1859,  Lauretta  Sophia  Thayer  (6)  ;  (2)  Sept.  4,  1884, 
Katherine  Agnes  McConnellogue.  He  studied  at  New  Ips- 
wich Appleton  Academy,  and  in  1854  went  to  Boston,  and  has 
passed  his  life  in  mercantile  and  insurance  industries.  Res. 
Marlboro,  Mass.    Children : 

4.  i.        Herbert  Edward,  b.  Aug.  21,  1863;  d.  Aug.  11,  1864. 

5.  ii.       Clarence  Eugene,  b.  Oct.  9,  1866;  d.  Feb.  11,  1867. 

6.  iii.      Ettie  Elizabeth,  b.  Aug.  9,  1869;  m.  June  2,  1892,  Dr.  Eddy 

B.  Swett  of  Marlboro,  Mass.  Res.  Grasmere,  N.  H.  Six 

7.  iv.     Agnes  Anna,  b.  Aug.  30,  1870;  d.  Oct.  15,  1870. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

Thomas^  Bancroft,  b.  England,  1622 ;  d.  Lynnfield,  Aug.  19,  1691 ;  m. 
(1)  1647,  Alice  Bacon  who  d.  soon;  (2)  Sept.  15,  1648,  Elizabeth  Met- 
calf.  He  settled  in  Dedham,  removed  to  Reading  about  1650,  and  thence 
to  Lynnfield.     He  was  a  lieutenant  with  record  of  honorable  service. 

Thomas'  (Thomas'),  b.  Dedham,  Sept.  24,  1649;  d.  July  12,  1718;  m. 
Apr.  10,  1673,  Sarah,  dau.  of  Jonathan  Poole  [d.  May  20,  1723].  He 
removed  to  Reading  before  his  marriage.  He  was  a  deacon,  and  also  a 
lieutenant  with  the  record  of  having  saved  the  garrison  at  Exeter  from 
an  Indian  assault. 

Thomas^  (Thomas^  Thomas'),  b.  Reading,  Sept.  8,  1673;  d.  Nov.  9, 
1731 ;  m.  Aug.  1,  1694,  Mary  Webster.  He  served  in  the  Indian  wars, 
and  like  his  father  and  grandfather,  was  a  lieutenant.  He  was  repre- 
sentative in  the  General  Court  at  the  time  of  his  death. 

Benjamin^  (Thomas^  Thomas^  Thomas'),  b.  Reading,  May  6,  1701; 
d.  Apr.  3,  1790;  m.  Anna,  dau.  of  John  and  Anna  (Tarbell)  Lawrence 
of  Lexington  [d.  July  21,  1787].  He  lived  in  Charlestown,  and  removed 
thence  to  Reading,  where  he  was  a  tanner.     He  was  a  captain. 

Benjamin'*  (Benjamin*,  Thomas^  Thomas',  Thomas'),  b.  Sept.  29, 
1724;  d.  Oct.  27,  1804;  m.  Oct.  18,  1749,  Alice,  dau.  of  William  and  Mary 
(Farnsworth)  Tarbell  [d.  Nov.  29,  1781].  He  also  was  a  tanner  in 
Groton.     He  was  a  deacon. 

Joseph®  (Benjamin^  Benjamin*,  Thomas^  Thomas^  Thomas'),  b.  July 
3,  1760;  d.  Townsend,  Oct.  21,  1815;  m.  Susannah,  dau.  of  Nathan  and 
Mary  (Patterson)  Hubbard  [d.  July  17,  1825].  He  was  also  a  tanner, 
living  in  Groton,  Lunenburg,  and  Townsend  successively. 

1.  James^  (Joseph^,  Benjamin^,  Benjamin*,  Thomas^, 
Thomas^  Thomas^,  b.  Sept.  27,  1803;  d.  Mar.  18,  1884;  m. 
(1)  May  28,  1829,  Sarah  W.,  dau.  of  Oliver  and  Lucy  (Welling- 
ton) Kendall  [b.  Mar.  3,  1810;  d.  Jan.  23,  1861 J  ;  (2)  Dec, 
1865,  Jemima,  dau.  of  Emerson  and  jemima  (Foster)  Hale  of 
Rindge  [b.  July  26,  1822;  d.  May  7,  1910].  He  came  from 
Ashby  to  New  Ipswich  about  1833,  and  lived  in  Wilder  Village 
about  twelve  years,  near  the  High  Bridge  for  two  years,  in 
the  Newhall  house  formerly  standing  at  the  corner  near  the 
town  house,  and  in  1849  he  settled  at  Hodgkins  corner  (S.  R., 
X :  2,)  where  he  lived  until  his  removal  to  Rindge  in  1857.  He 
was  a  carpenter,  and  a  man  whose  unfailing  smile  and  helpful 
kindness  attracted  the  young  to  the  church  in  which  he  was 
a  deacon,  and  is  well  remembered  as  conducting  strangers  to 
seats  with  a  reverent,  noiseless  footfall  along  the  aisle. 
Children : 

2.  i.        Nancy  R.,  b.  Dec.  23,  1830;  d.  Sept.  23,  1833. 

3.  ii.       Henry  A.,  b.  June  2,  1832;  d.  May  27,  1848. 

4.  iii.     Nancy  R.,  b.   Sept.  27,  1834;   d.  Dec.   11,   1906;   m.  Nov.   11, 

1852,  Ivers  H.  Brooks  (27). 



5.  iv.      Susan  F.,  b.  Oct.  25,  1836;  d.  Jan.  3,  1885;  m.  June  6,  1867, 

Albert  Conant.  Children:  i.  Alice  Bancroft  Conant,  m. 
Frank  Wadleigh  of  Milford.  ii.  Atm  Sanborn  Conant,  m. 
Ernest  Horton  of  Boston,  iii.  Harry  li'inthrop  Conant;  he 
graduated  from  Amherst  College  and  Harvard  Law  School ; 
res.  in  Somerville,  Mass.  iv.  John  Bancroft  Conant;  he 
graduated  from  the  Massachusetts  Institute  of  Technology, 
and  is  an  electrician  at  Dallas,  Texas. 

6.  V.       Cecil  Franklin  Patch,  b.  Nov.  25,  1839.+ 

7.  vi.      Mary  H.,  b.  Apr.  3,  1841 ;  m.  July  15,  1869,  Thomas,  son  of 

John  and  Eleanor  (Spence)  Annett  [b.  Dec.  1,  1831;  d. 
Feb.  22,  1903].  Res.  East  Jaffrey.  Children,  i.  Sarah  E. 
Annett.  ii.  Elsie  C.  Annett.  iii.  Marietta  E.  Annett.  iv. 
Markzvell  Annett.     v.  Cecil  B.  Annett. 

8.  vii.     Caroline,  b.  Oct.  IS,  1842;  d.  Sept.  12,  1865;  m.  Mar.  15,  1860, 

George  S.,  son  of  Williain  and  Ruthy  (Shedd)  Kimball  of 
Rindge  [b.  Mar.  1,  1839;  d.  Jan.  17.  1862,  at  Annapolis,  Md., 
where  he  was  a  member  of  the  6th  N.  H.  Regt.].  Two 
children  who  d.  young. 

9.  viii.    Henry  A.,  b.  Feb.  13,  1849.     He  lives  in  California. 

6.  Cecil  Franklin  Patch*  (Jamas'^,  Joseph*',  Benjamin^, 
Benjamin*,  Thomas^,  Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b.  Nov.  25.  1839; 
d.  Oct.  4,  1901  ;  m.  May  6,  1867,  Fannie  Adelia,  dan.  of  Capt. 
Timothy  Kittredge  of  Mt.  Vernon,  N.  H.  [b.  Feb.  12.  1844; 
d.  Mar.  29,  1898].  He  prepared  for  college  at  New  Ipswich 
Appleton  Academy  and  graduated  from  Dartmouth  College 
in  1860.  He  was  principal  of  Appleton  Academy,  Mont  Ver- 
non, N.  H..  for  four  years  after  graduation,  was  a  student  at 
Union  Theological  Seminary  and  at  Andover  Theological 
Seminary  for  three  years,  graduating  from  the  last-named  in- 
stitution in  1867.  principal  of  the  Lookout  Mountain  Institute, 
near  Chattanooga,  Tenn.,  during  its  brief  life  of  five  years.  In 
1873  he  entered  upon  what  may  properly  be  termed,  from  its 
breadth  and  complete  success,  his  life-work  as  principal  of 
Phillips  Academy  at  Andover,  Mass.,  where  he  labored  until 
he  met  his  death,  as  he  often  said  he  desired,  "in  the  harness." 
His  entire  life  was  by  no  means  included  in  his  professional 
work ;  to  an  unusual  extent  he  was  identified  with  the  busi- 
ness interests  of  the  town  and  of  its  citizens,  until  he  was 
termed  "the  first  citizen  of  the  town."  He  had  a  share  in  the 
management  of  the  neighboring  State  Almshouse  at  Tewks- 
bury;  his  counsel  was  valued  in  the  directorates  of  bank  and 
of  insurance  company,  and  he  was  one  of  the  trustees  of  Dart- 
mouth College,  his  Alma  Mater.  He  received  as  honorary 
degrees    Ph.    D.    from   the    State    University   of    New    York, 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

Litt.  D.  from  Williams  College,  and  LL.  D.  from  Yale  Uni- 
versity. But  neither  these  honors  nor  his  election  to  the  pres- 
idency of  the  "New  England  Association  of  Colleges  and 
Preparatory  Schools"  testify  as  surely  to  the  strength  and 
breadth  of  his  work  as  the  practically  unanimous  testimony 
of  the  six  thousand  students  who  came  under  his  care ;  these 
give  his  work  broader  and  longer  power  than  has  fallen  to 
the  lot  of  the  efforts  of  any  other  native  of  the  town.    Children  : 

10.  i.        Cecil  Kittredge,  b.  Dec.  15,  1868.     He  graduated  from  Phil- 

lips Academy  in  1886,  from  Yale  College  in  1891 ;  taught  at 
Morristown,  N.  J.,  for  two  years,  and  after  a  year  in  Eu- 
rope and  another  as  tutor  and  instructor  at  Yale  became 
instructor  and  registrar  at  the  institution  so  long  controlled 
by  his   father. 

11.  ii.       Frances    Marsh,    b.    Sept.    12,    1872;    m.    .Sept.    5,    1900,    Rev. 

William  Joseph  Long.  She  graduated  from  Smith  College 
in  1894,  and  taught  at  Andover  in  Abbot  Academy  for 
three  years  before  her  marriage.  Res.  in  Stamford,  Conn. 
Children :  i.  Lois  Long.  ii.  Frances  B.  Long.  iii.  Brian 

12.  iii.     Arthur  Kendall,  b.  Mar.   10,  1874;  d.  Aug.  9,  1880. 

13.  iv.      Phillips,  b.  Apr.  21,  1878.     He  graduated  from  Phillips  Acad- 

emy in  1898,  from  Yale  College  in  1902,  and  has  since  been 
occupied  by  financial  duties  at  Phillips  Academy. 

14.  V.       Mary  Ethel,  b.  May  22,   1882.     She  graduated   from   Smith 

College  in  1904,  has  taught  in  New  Haven,  Conn.,  and  in 
Abbot  Academy  in  her  native  town. 


1.  James^  Barr,  son  of  George  and  Mary.(Whitehiir)  Barr, 
of  Kilbarchan,  county  of  Renfrew,  Scotland,  b.  Dec.  12,  1752; 
d.  Mar.  7,  1829;  m.  1783,  Molly  Cummings  (12)  [b.  Dec.  2, 
1764;  d.  Feb.  23,  1845].  He  came  to  New  England  when  about 
21  years  of  age,  and  after  traveling  for  a  time  in  the  new  land 
settled  in  New  Ipswich,  succeeding  Joseph  Bullard  in  the 
occupancy  of  the  lot  on  Knight's  Hill,  (II :  2,  S.  R.,)  and  be- 
ing associated  with  Eleazer  Cummings  in  his  malting  industry, 
and  in  the  manufacture  of  oatmeal,  having  brought  from  Scot- 
land a  knowledge  of  methods  of  preparing  and  hulling  the 
oats,  before  unknown  in  this  land.  But  after  the  death  of 
Joseph  Pollard  Mr.  Barr  removed  to  his  farm  at  the  end  of 
the  road  on  the  east  side  of  Page  Hill,  (64,  N.  L.  O.,)  which 
was  his  home  for  about  forty  years.  The  last  few  3^ears  of  his 
life  he  lived  on  the  "Warren  farm"  at  the  summit  of  the  hill. 
Children :  208 












James,  d.  in  infancy. 

Nancy,  b.  July  25,  1784;  d.  July  9,  1857;  m.  Jeremiah  Prich- 

ard   (17). 
Sarah,  b.  May  25,   1788;   d.  Sept.  29,  1864;  m.  Dr.  William 

Lovejoy.     Res.  in  West  Townsend,  Mass. 
James,  b.  May  23,  1790.+ 
George,  b.  Feb.  6,  1792.+ 

7.  vi.      Caroline  Mathilda,  b.  Jan.  6,  1794;  d.  Oct.  3,  1874;  m.  Asa 

Prichard  (22). 

8.  vii.     CuMMiNGS,  b.  May  9,  1795. + 

9.  viii.    RoBENA,  b.  Feb.  22,  1799;  d.  Dec.  20,  1873,  unm. 

10.  ix.      Charlotte,  b.  Mar.  13,   1801;  d.  Aug.  27,  1842,  unm. 

11.  X.       William,  b.   Feb.   7,    1803;    d.   West   Townsend,   Mass.,  unm. 

He  left  New  Ipswich  soon  after  attaining  his  majority. 
Res.  for  some  years  with  his  brother  George,  and  in  va- 
rious other  places. 

12.  xi.      Mary  Whitehill,  b.  Dec.  15,  1805;  d.  Nov.  19,  1830,  unm. 

13.  xii.    John,  b.  Mar.  10,  1808.+ 

14.  xiii.   Esther  Jane,  b.  Dec.  4,  1810;  d.  July  26,  1837,  unm. 

15.  xiv.    Charles,  d.  in  infancy. 

5.  James2  (James^.  b.  May  23,  1790;  d.  June  6,  1845;  m. 
Apr.  21,  1824,  Laura  Livermore  (Bellows)  (3).  After  due  at- 
tendance at  New  Ipswich  Academy  he  studied  medicine  with 
Dr.  Haskell  of  Lunenburg,  Mass.,  and  Dr.  Twitchell  of  Keene, 
and  received  his  degree  from  Harvard  Medical  School  in  1817. 
He  then  entered  upon  practice  in  his  native  town,  and  in  close 
attention  to  his  professional  dtities  passed  his  life,  attaining 
high  success,  and  continuing  his  desired  attention  to  the  needs 
of  the  sick,  despite  the  weakness  of  fatal  pulmonary  disease, 
almost  until  the  end.     Children : 

16.  i.        Mary  Hartwell,  b.  Jan.   16,  1825;  d.  May  27,  1893;  m.  July 

14,  1843,  Samuel  T.  Ames   (E.  1). 

17.  ii.       Sarah  Jane,  b.  July  11,   1827. + 

18.  iii.     George  Lyman,  b.  Mar.  12,  1830.+ 

19.  iv.      James  Walter,  b.  June  7,  1833;  d.  Apr.  19,  1834. 

20.  V.       Caroline  Frances,  b.  Feb.  Zl,  1835;  resides  in  New  Ipswich 

in  the  former  home  of  her  great-grandfather,  Ephraim 

21.  vi.     James  Henry,  b.  Sept.  16,  1837;  d.  Sept.  19,  1838. 

22.  vii.     Ellen  Maria,  b.  Nov.  10,  1840;  d.  Feb.  7,  1895.     She  was  a 

teacher  in  the  high  school  of  Medford,  Mass.,  for  some 
years  and  then  established  in  Boston  a  successful  private 
school  for  girls.  Her  later  years  were  largely  occupied  in 

6.  George^   (James^),  b.  Feb.  6,  1792;  m.  June  12,   1828, 

Amelia    Ames    (D.   4).      He    removed    to    New   York    State. 

Children : 



History  of  New  Ipswich 

23.  i.        Sarah. 

24.  ii.       Caroline. 

25.  iii.     George. 

One  or  more  others. 

8.  CuMMiNGS^  (James^),  b.  May  9,  1795;  d.  1854;  m.  Eliza, 
dau.  of  Nathaniel,  Jr.,  and  Ruth  (Eliot)  Peabody  of  Middle- 
ton,  Mass.  He  went  to  Lowell,  Mass.,  in  his  early  manhood. 
He  was  an  engineer  in  the  fire  department  of  the  city  for  a 
time,  and  was  a  contractor  in  canal  work,  etc.     Children : 

26.  i.        Eliza  Jane,   b.    1829;    d.    1881;   m.   Charles   Cheney  of   Man- 

chester. Children :  i.  Evelyn  Cheney,  b.  1854 ;  d.  1878 ;  m. 
Franklyn  P.  Johnson ;  two  children,  ii.  Myra  Cheney,  b. 
1859;  m.  Charles  Dougan ;  one  son.  iii.  Maud  Cheney,  h. 
1870;  m.  Morris  C.  Austin  of  Goffstown ;  two  children. 

27.  ii.       Ellen  Maria,  b.  1833;  d.  in  infancy. 

28.  iii.      George  Cummings,  b.   1834;   d.  1896;  m.   1868  Mary  Frances, 

dau.  of  John  and  Mary  (Bean)  Brown  [d.  1906].  He  lived 
in  Manchester  after  1852.  Child :  i.  Florence  Goodwin, 
b.   1881. 

29.  iv.      Ellen,  b.  1837;  d.  in  infancy. 

30.  V.       John  Mortimer,  b.  1840;  d.  1842. 

13.  John-    (James^),  b.  Mar.   10,   1808;  m.  .     He  left 

New  Ipswich  in  early  manhood,  going  to  Gouverneur,  N.  Y. 
Children : 

31.  i.        John.     He  enlisted  in  the  Civil  War,  and  was  killed  at  Fort 


32.  ii.       Moses. 

There  were  several  other  children. 

17.  Sarah  Jane^  (James^,  James^),  b.  July  11,  1827;  d. 
Feb.  5,  1897;  m.  Mar.  15,  1847,  Sanford  B.  Perry  [d.  Sept. 
12,  1884].    Children: 

i.  Frederic,  Barr  Perry,  b.  May  7,  1848;  d.  Feb.  3.  1908;  m. 
Oct.  18,  1881,  Sarah  A.  Proctor  [d.  May  28,  1914].  Chil- 
dren: i.  Helen  C.  Perry,  b.  August  10,  1882;  m.  Francis 
B.  Reynolds;  one  son.  ii.  Sarah  Barr  Perry,  h.  Nov.  2, 
1884;  m.  Bryan  Bell.     iii.  Bertha  Perry,  b.  July  6,  1889;  d. 

ii.  William  Nelson  Perry,  b.  March  9,  1852;  d.  Nov.  21,  1899; 
m.  Feb.  15,  1884,  Laura  O.  Barker.  Children:  i.  Ruth 
Barker  Perry,  b.  Jan.  29,  1885;  m.  Edmund  F.  Saxton. 
ii.  Elsie  Barr  Perry,  b.  Jan.  6,  1888;  m.  Harold  M.  Nichols, 
iii.  George  Sanford  Perry,  b.  Nov.  6,  1889. 

iii.  George  Barnum,  b.  Apr.  12,  1861;  m.  May  24,  1899,  Helena  S. 
Lewandowska.     Is  a  dentist  in  Chicago. 

18.  George  Lyman^  (James^  James^),  b.  Mar.  12,  1830; 
d.  Apr.  1,  1877;  m.  Nov.  20,  1851,  Elizabeth  Maria,  dau.  of 
Daniel  and  Elizabeth  (Crocker)  Lawrence  [b.  Medford,  Mass., 



Aug.  5,  1835;  m.  (2)  Apr.  21,  1880,  George  Robert,  son  of 
George  and  Frances  (Ames)  Barrett  (19)].  He  early  entered 
business  life  as  a  clerk  in  a  dry  goods  store  at  Boston,  but 
soon  undertook  a  similar  business  for  himself,  and  in  a  few 
years  became  a  member  of  a  large  distilling  firm  at  Medford, 
Mass.  He  retired  from  active  business  in  1867,  and  divided 
his  time  between  city  matters  (having  control  of  its  fire  de- 
partment for  several  years),  and  historic  antiquarian  pursuits, 
the  collection  of  rare  books,  coins,  etc.     Children : 

33.  i.        Elizabeth   Lawrence,  b.   Mar.  3,   1854;   m.   1880,  Eugene  A., 

son  of  Jean  Baptiste  and  Madeline  (Nehr)  Kayser.  Res. 
Newton,  Cambridge,  and  Boston.  Children :  i.  Paul  James 
Barr  Kayser,  h.  Nov.,  1881.  ii.  Robert  Barr  Kayser,  h. 
Oct.  25,  1889.  iii.  George  Barr  Kayser,  b.  Jan.  15,  1891.  iv. 
Elisabeth  Barr  Kayser,  b.  July  IS,  1897. 

34.  ii.       Laura  Maria,  b.  July  22,   1859;   unm.     Res.   Boston. 

35.  iii.      Caroline    Hartwell,    b.    Nov.    13,    1864;    m.    Apr.    20,    1897, 

Winthrop  Rowland  Wade  of  Boston.  Res.  Dedham,  Mass. 
Child :     i.  Winthrop  Howlattd  Wade,  b.  Feb.  18,  1898. 

36.  iv.     James  Cummings,  b.  Mar.  15,  1867.+ 

37.  V.       Daniel  Lawrence,  b.  Nov.  17,  1869;  m.  Sept.  23,  1908,  Mrs. 

Morrison  Eggers  of  Pittsburg,  Pa.  He  graduated  from 
Harvard  College  in  1896,  and  later  from  the  Massachusetts 
Institute  of  Technology.  He  is  an  electrical  engineer  in 
Pittsburg,   Pa. 

36.  James  Cummings*  (George  Lyman^,  James-,  James^), 
b.  Mar.  15,  1867;  m.  (1)  Nov.  5,  1890,  Sally,  dau.  of  George 
Gordon  and  Helen  (Devens)  Crocker  of  Taunton,  Mass.;  (2) 
June  1,  1910,  Lalla  (Griffith)  Fairfield,  dau.  of  Collin  McLeod 
and  Frances  (Chandler)  Griffith  [b.  St.  Albans,  W.  Va.,  Jan. 
17,  1873].  He  graduated  from  Harvard  College  in  1890,  and 
upon  graduation  entered  the  scientific  study  of  electricity  with 
the  Thomson-Houston  Company,  in  connection  with  which  he 
held  very  responsible  positions  in  relation  to  the  application 
of  electricity  to  coal  mining.  In  later  years  he  has  been  en- 
gaged in  the  railway  supply  business  at  Boston.  For  several 
years  he  held  commission  in  the  Massachusetts  Volunteer 
Militia,  is  prominent  in  the  recent  work  in  aviation,  and  is  a 
member  of  leading  clubs  in  Boston,  New  York,  and  Washing- 
ton,   Children : 

39.  i.        Helen,  b.  July  29,  1891. 

40.  ii.       Elizabeth,  b.  Dec.  14,  1893. 

41.  iii.     James  Cummings,  b.  Mar.  3,  1898. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

John  Barr,  who  lived  for  a  time  in  the  house  opposite  the 
Barrett  mansion  and  elsewhere,  was  apparently  of  a  different 
family  from  the  one  here  given. 


Humphrey*  Barrett,  b.  1592;  d.  Nov.  7,  1662;  m.  Mary [d.  Aug. 

15,  1663].  He  is  believed  to  have  come  from  County  Kent,  England.  He 
settled  at  Concord  in  1639,  where  he  had  a  farm  of  three  hundred  acres 
and  a  "house  lot"  of  twelve  acres  near  the  centre  of  the  town. 

Humphrey-  (Humphrey'),  b.  England,  1630;  d.  Jan.  3,  1715/6;  m. 
July  16,  1661,  Elizabeth  Paine  [d.  Dec.  21,  1674]  ;  (2)  Mar.  23,  1674/5, 
Mary,  dau.  of  Luke  and  Mary  (Edmunds)  Potter  [b.  1656;  d.  Nov.  17, 
1713].  He  was  a  deacon  in  the  Concord  church,  ensign  in  the  foot  com- 
pany, and  represented  the  town  in  the  General  Court  in  1691. 

Joseph^  (Humphrey',  Humphrey'),  b.  Jan.  31,  1679;  d.  Apr.  4,  1763; 
m.  Dec.  24,  1701,  Rebecca,  dau.  of  James  and  Rebecca  (Wheeler)  Minott 
[b.  Feb.  9,  1685;  d.  June  23,  1738].  He  was  town  treasurer,  and  also 
captain  of  the  foot  company.  He  was  one  of  the  original  grantees  of 

Benjamin'  (Humphrey',  Humphrey'),  b.  May  7,  1681;  d.  Oct.  25, 
1728;  m.  Jan.  3,  1704/5,  Lydia,  dau.  of  James  and  Rebecca  (Wheeler) 
Minott  [b.  Mar.  12,  1686/7].  Like  his  brother,  he  was  a  farmer  and 
general  business  man,  and  one  of  the  original  grantees  of  Grafton. 

John'  (Joseph',  Humphrey',  Humphrey'),  b.  Feb.  14,  1719/20;  d. 
Apr.  19,  1790;  m.  1744,  Lois,  dau.  of  Joshua  and  Lydia  (Wheeler)  Brooks 
[b.  June  29,  1723;  d.  Apr.  12,  1805].  He  was  in  service  at  the  North 
Bridge  Apr.   19,   1775. 

Thomas*  (Benjamin',  Humphrey',  Humphrey'),  b.  Oct.  2,  1707;  d. 
June  20,  1779;  m.  about  1730,  Mary,  dau.  of  Samuel  and  Ruth  (Brown) 
Jones  [b.  Mar.  23,  1715;  d.  Jan.  30,  1804].  He  was  a  prominent  business 
man  of  Concord  and  a  deacon.  Col.  James  Barrett,  commander  of  the 
Provincial  troops  in  the  "Concord  fight,"  was  his  younger  brother. 

Joseph^  (John\  Joseph',  Humphrey',  Humphre/),  b.  Jan.  5,  1745;  d. 
Dec.  20,  1831;  m.  Sarah,  dau.  of  John  and  Lucy  Brooks.  He  removed 
to  Mason  in  his  early  manhood,  and  settled  upon  the  farm  which  has 
descended  to  successive  generations  of  Barretts.  He  held  all  the  more 
important  town  offices,  and  represented  the  town  in  the  Legislature  for 
several  years.  His  inherited  military  traits  are  shown  by  his  title  of 

1.  Charles^  (Thomas*,  Benjamin^,  Humphrey^,  Hum- 
phreyi),  b.  Jan.  13,  1739/40;  d.  Sept.  21,  1808;  m.  1764,  Re- 
becca, dau.  of  Samuel  and  Dorcas  (Prescott)  Minott  [b.  Jan. 
14,  1744;  d.  1838;  m.  (2)  about  1810,  Francis  Cragin  ('l)]- 
He  left  Concord  in  early  manhood,  and  after  a  brief  sojourn 
in  that  part  of  Mason  which  is  now  Greenville,  where  his 
characteristic  business  habits  were  foreshadowed  by  his  part 



with  a  brother  in  the  erection  of  a  saw  and  grist  mill,  at  about 
the  period  of  his  marriage  in  1764,  he  settled  in  New  Ipswich. 
At  first  he  was  near  the  Mason  line,  (1 :  2,  S.  R.,)  in  which 
neighborhood  he  quickly  became  a  leader;  in  1780  he  removed 
to  the  Center  Village,  and  purchased  the  Joseph  Kidder  lot, 
(IX:  1,  S.  R.,)  then  considered  a  proverbially  poor  tract  of 
land,  but  destined  to  show  very  different  capabilities  under 
the  handling  of  its  new  manager.  He  there  built  for  his  resi- 
dence the  "Bullard  house,"  just  north  from  the  well-known 
Barrett  mansion  of  later  days,  which  he  built  25  years  after 
for  the  second  bearer  of  his  name. 

The  business  operations  upon  which  he  entered  seem  al- 
most petty  when  compared  with  the  activities  of  the  twentieth 
century,  but  at  that  period  a  journey  to  New  York  was  a 
greater  undertaking  than  is  a  trip  to  the  Pacific  coast  in  the 
present  days.  The  settlement  of  Barrettstown,  now  known 
as  Hope,  in  Lincoln  county,  Me.,  the  erection  of  the  mill  upon 
the  neighboring  George's  River,  the  construction  of  canals  and 
locks  upon  the  same  river,  the  aid  given  to  the  glass  manu- 
factory just  across  the  Temple  line  upon  Kidder  Mountain,  and 
the  cotton  mills  of  the  town,  said  to  have  been  undertaken 
at  his  suggestion  and  with  his  cooperation,  all  these  were  en- 
terprises to  be  promoted  only  by  a  man  of  broad  outlook  and 
exceptional  business  confidence  and  sagacity.  That  he  had 
ability  to  know  when  he  saw  a  man,  is  illustrated  by  the 
incident  related  in  the  account  of  the  Appleton  family  on  a 
previous  page.  This  power  doubtless  had  a  part  in  making 
it  true  that  his  failure  to  take  a  position  satisfactory  to  his 
fellow  townsmen,  in  the  "times  that  tried  men's  souls"  when 
the  nation  had  its  birth,  did  not  permanently  alienate  public 
feeling,  as  is  conclusively  shown,  not  merely  by  his  repeated 
elections  to  represent  New  Ipswich  in  the  Legislature,  and  in 
the  convention  called  to  ratify  the  national  Constitution,  but 
also  by  the  votes  from  a  larger  territory  giving  him  place  as 
a  state  senator  and  as  councillor.    Children : 

3.  i.  Charles,  b.  Jan.  8,  1765;  d.  June  10,  1766. 

4.  ii.  Dorcas,  b.  Apr.  20,  1767 ;  d.  Jan.  31,  1818,  unm. 

5.  iii.  Charles,  b.  Sept.  24,  1773.-1- 

6.  iv.  George,  b.  Feb.  27,  1777 ;  d.  Aug.  14,  1812,  unm. 

7.  V.  Rebecca,  b.  Sept.  4,  1779;  d.  May  11,  1834;  m.  Dec.  5,  1795, 

Hon.   Samuel,  son  of   Rev.  Samuel  and  Anna    (Kendrick) 

Dana  of  Groton  [d.  1837].  Children:  i.  Charles  Dana.     ii. 

Anna  Dana,  m.   Col.   John  Sever,     iii.   George  Dana.     iv. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

Rebecca  Dana,  m.  Kilby  Page.  v.  Samuel  Dana.  vi.  Martha 
Barrett  Dana,  m.  Gen.  George  C.  Greene,  vii.  James  Dana. 
viii.  Thesta  Dana,  m.  Gen.  James  J.  Dana. 

8.  vi.      Seth,  b.  May  20,  1784;  d.  Jan.  9,  1792. 

2.  Joseph*^  (Joseph^  John*,  Joseph^,  Humphrey-,  Hum- 
phrey^), b.  Mason,  Jan.  25,  1774;  d.  Oct.  31,  1852;  m.  Oct.  3, 
1809,  Mary,  dau.  of  Isaac  and  Mary  (Adams)  Appleton  (9). 
His  name  appears  upon  the  town  record  at  about  the  date  of 
his  marriage,  but  soon  after  he  removed  to  Bakersfield,  Vt., 
where  he  was  a  farmer  for  ten  or  twelve  years,  during-  which 
all  his  children  were  born.  About  1821  he  came  to  New  Ips- 
wich and  occupied  the  Appleton  farm,  his  wife's  early  home, 
for  twenty  years,  removing  thence  in  1842  to  the  John  F. 
Hills  place  upon  the  Turnpike,  afterward  the  residence  of  his 
son-in-law,  S.  W.  Bent,  where  the  last  ten  years  of  his  life 
were  passed.  He  was  a  quiet,  unassuming  man,  but  one  whose 
opinion  was  prized,  especially  in  the  church,  although  he  de- 
clined official  station  when  chosen  deacon.     Children : 

9.  i.        Joseph  Appleton,  b.  July  22,  1812;  d.  Apr.  20,  1833.     He  was 

a  student  in  Yale  College  at  the  time  of  his  death. 

10.  ii.       Emily  Maria,  b.  Oct.  23,  1814;  d.  June  11,  1833,  unm. 

11.  iii.     Mary  Narcissa,  b.  Aug.  24,  1816;  d.  May  28,  1872;  m.  Aug. 

3,  1836,  Samuel  W.  Bent  (1). 

12.  iv.      Dora  Everett,  b.  Jan.  10,  1820;  m.  June  23,  1842,  Dr.  Edward, 

son  of  Dr.  Matthias  and  Rebecca  Spalding.  She  lived  at 
Nashua,  where  she  had  three  children. 

5.  Charles*'  (Charles^  Thomas*,  Benjamin^,  Humphrey^, 
Humphrey^),  b.  Sept.  24,  1773;  d.  Sept.  3,  1836;  m.  at  Concord, 
Mass.,  Oct.  15,  1799,  Martha,  dau.  of  Jonas  and  Mary  (Hall) 
Minott  [b.  Oct.  17,  1771;  d.  1842].  He  graduated  from  Dart- 
mouth College  in  1794,  and  soon  after  entered  into  trade  at 
the  foot  of  the  old  Meeting-house  Hill  in  partnership  with 
Samuel  Appleton,  whom  after  a  few  years  he  followed  to 
Boston,  and  there  continued  busily  engaged  in  commercial 
matters  until  1814,  when  he  returned  to  his  native  town.  For 
the  remainder  of  his  life  he  was  a  prominent  figure  in  its 
activities,  having  a  leading  place  in  the  formation  of  the  man- 
ufacturing companies  and  in  the  establishment  of  the  bank, 
representing  the  town  in  the  Legislature  for  several  years, 
and  being  practically  the  founder  of  the  Unitarian  church  and 
the  leading  supporter  during  its  brief  life.  Children — the 
first  three  born  in  New  Ipswich,  the  last  two  in  Boston : 













George,  b.  Dec.  15,  1801.+ 

Mary  Ann,  b.  Nov.   12,  1802;  d.  Aug.,  1875;  m.   (1)   May  1, 

1820,   Silas   Bullard    (J.  8)  ;    (2)    Sept.    13,   1838,  Alfred  C. 

Hersey  [d.  Mar.  8,  1888]. 
Juliet  Maria,  b.  Dec.  22,  1804;  d.  May  22,  1808. 
Charles,  b.  Jan.  11,  1807.-|- 
Edward  Augustus,  b.  June  17,  1811;  d.  May  2,  1834. 

13.  George^  (Charles*',  Charles^  Thomas*,  Benjamin^, 
Humphrey^  Humphrey^),  b.  Dec.  15,  1801;  d.  Oct.  4,  1862; 
m.  at  Greenfield,  Mass.,  Sept.  1,  1831,  Frances  Hall,  dan.  of 
Ambrose  and  Hannah  (Allen)  Ames  [b.  Nov.  18,  1809;  d. 
1887].  In  early  manhood  he  entered  into  business  in  Boston, 
and  thus  continued  until  1842,  when  he  returned  to  New 
Ipswich  and  assumed  the  cashiership  of  the  bank,  which  he 
successfully  managed  until  removed  by  disease.  He  lived  for 
a  few  years  after  his  return  in  the  brick  dwelling  built  by 
his  father  at  Bank  Village ;  after  the  removal  of  the  bank  to 
the  Center  Village,  first  the  "Bullard  house"  and  afterwards 
the  family  mansion  became  his  home.     Children : 

18.  i.       Edward  Augustus,  b.  May  18,  1834.+ 

19.  ii.      George  Robert,  b.  May  17,  1844;  m.  Apr.  21,  1880,  Elizabeth 

M.,  dau.  of  Daniel  and  Elizabeth  (Crocker)  Lawrence,  and 
widow  of  George  L.  Barr.  For  a  few  years  he  was  occu- 
pied in  the  sale  of  books,  but  afterward  devoted  himself 
to  the  collection  of  historical  letters,  broadsides,  and  en- 
gravings relative  to  the  Colonial  and  Revolutionary  period, 
of  which  rare  treasures  his  collection  is  exceptionally  large 
and  valuable.  His  interleaved  and  illustrated  copy  of  Ban- 
croft's History  is  unique  in  its  magnitude  and  value.  While 
preferring  a  city  residence  during  the  greater  part  of  the 
year,  he  is  still  of  New  Ipswich,  retaining  and  keeping  in 
order  the  family  mansion  and  serving  as  president  of  the 
trustees  of  Appleton  Academy. 

16.  Charles'^  (Charles^  Charles^  Thomas*,  Benjamin^ 
Humphrey^  Humphrey^),  b.  Jan.  11,  1807;  d.  Feb.  9,  1862; 
m.  May  31,  1830,  (by  Ralph  Waldo  Emerson,)  Abby  B.,  dau. 
of  Edmund  (builder  of  the  old  ship  Constitution)  and  Mehit- 
able  (Lambert)  Hart  [b.  Nov.  17,  1809;  d.  Nov.  24,  1877.]  At 
the  age  of  five  years  he  lost  his  hearing  from  the  action  of 
medicine  given  during  a  severe  illness.  He  was  educated  in 
the  asylum  for  deaf-mutes  in  Hartford,  Conn.,  and  he  was 
treasurer  of  the  New  England  Gallaudet  Association  of  Deaf- 
Mutes  from  its  formation  in  1852  until  his  death.  For  a  few 
years  he  was  engaged  in  trade  at  Bank  Village,  William  W. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

Johnson  being  his  partner,  and  he  resided  in  the  brick 
dwelling-house  erected  for  him  by  his  father  at  the  time  of 
his  marriage ;  after  the  death  of  his  mother  he  removed  to 
the  homestead  mansion ;  this  he  sold  to  his  brother  George 
in  1848,  and  passed  his  remaining  years  in  Boston.  His  bodily 
deprivation  could  not  shut  him  within  himself.  Of  him  it  was 
said :  "To  all  who  were  permitted  to  know  him  his  short  and 
comparatively  uneventful  life  suggests  many  sweet  and  beau- 
tiful memories  —  memories  of  gracious,  kindly  intercourse,  of 
serene  cheerfulness,  of  Christian  content."  Children — born 
in  New  Ipswich : 

20.  i.        Julia  Maria,  b.  May  11,  1832;  m.  Dec.  21,  1858,  Charles,  son 

of  Reuben  and  Mary  (Wetherbee)  Marsh  [b.  1829;  d.  July 
9,  1886].  She  lived  in  Boston.  Children:  i.  Edith  Barrett 
Marsh,  h.  Mar.  24,  1863;  m.  Oct.  21,  1884,  George  Binney. 
(Children:  i.  George  Hayvvard  Binney,  Jr.,  b.  Jan.  20,  1886. 
ii.  Edith  Marsh  Binney,  b.  Jan.  10,  1888;  d.  March  6,  1895.) 
ii.  Mabel  Minott  Marsh,  b.  Mar.  4,  1867;  m.  June  9,  1888, 
Arthur  N.  Milliken.  iii.  Charles  Reuben  Marsh,  b.  Mar  2, 
1872;  d.  at  Sharon,  Mass.,  Mar.  16,  1908. 

21.  ii.       Mary  Darracott,  b.  June  28,   1840. 

22.  iii.     Charles,  b.  July  21,  1844;  d.  Aug.  31,  1845. 

18.  Edward  Augustus^  (George'^,  Charles^,  Charles^, 
Thomas*,  Benjamin^,  Humphrey-,  Humphrey^),  b.  May  18, 
1834;  d.  Mar.  11,  1883;  m.  Sept.  26,  1860,  Georgianna  M.,  dau. 
of  Wells  and  Maria  (Bailey)  Chase  [b.  1840;  d.  1883].  He 
was  in  business  in  the  West  for  a  few  years,  but  passed  the 
later  years  of  his  life  in  the  family  home.    Children : 

23.  i.        George  Wells,  b.  Aug.  1,  1863. 4- 

24.  ii.       Charles  Edward,  b.  Sept.  14,  1865. -|- 

25.  iii.      Frances  Ames,  b.   Nov.    10,   1867;   m.  May  24,   1893,  George 

Augustus  Hopkins  of  Boston.  Child :  i.  Barrett  Hopkins, 
b.  Jan.  30,  1906. 

26.  iv.      Blanche,  b.  Dec.  26,  1872;  d.  May  2,  1874. 

23.  George  Wells^  (Edward  A.^,  George^  Charles^ 
Charles^,  Thomas*,  Benjamin^,  Humphrey^,  Humphrey^),  b. 
Aug.  1,  1863;  m.  Jamestown,  N.  Y.,  Sept.  9,  1890,  Caroline 
Whitney.  He  was  engaged  in  banking,  and  later  in  the  in- 
ternal revenue  service.     Children : 

27.  i.        Agnes,  b.  June  13,  1902. 

28.  ii.       Frances  Ames,  b.  Nov.  22,  1903;  d.  Dec.  16,  1906. 

29.  iii.     Jean,  b.  Mar.  3,  1912. 

24.  Charles  Edward^  (Edward  A.^  George^  Charles^, 
Charles^  Thomas*,   Benjamin^,   Humphrey^   Humphrey'),   b. 



Sept.  14,  1865;  m.  May  31,  1894,  Beulah  Gertrude  Hildreth 
(30).  He  is  bank  cashier  in  Winchester,  Mass.,  where  he 
resides.    Children : 

30.  i.        Hildreth,  b.  Apr.  27,  1899. 

31.  ii.       Rebecca,  b.  May  24,  1904. 


Joseph'  Bartlett,  d.  Dec.  26,  1702;  m.  Oct.  27,  1668,  Mary  Waite 
[d.  Dec.  21,  1721].  He  was  early  at  Newton,  Mass.,  whither  he  probably 
came  from  Cambridge.  His  home  was  on  the  side  of  the  hill  where  now 
is  the  Baptist  Theological  Seminary. 

Joseph-  (Joseph'),  b.  Mar.  5,  1673;  d.  1734;  m.  (1)  Hannah  [d.  Dec, 
1730];  (2)  1732,  Mercy  Hyde  [b.  about  1671;  d.  June,  1750]. 

Joseph'    (Joseph^,  Joseph'),  b.   Apr.  8,   1703;   m.   Feb.,    1731,   Zebiah 

1.  Samuel*  (Joseph^  Joseph^,  Joseph^,  b.  Mar.  9,  1732;  d. 
Jan.  27,  1812;  m.  (pub.  Sept.  1,  1760)  Elizabeth,  sister  of 
Isaac  Appleton  (1)  [bapt.  Oct.  24,  1736;  d.  May  4,  1817].  He 
seems  to  have  lived  in  his  ancestral  town  of  Newton  until 
1771,  when  he  came  to  New  Ipswich  and  settled  upon  XIII : 
2,  S.  R.,  afterward  long  the  home  of  Richard  Wheeler,  and 
there  he  passed  his  life.     Children : 

2.  i.  Isaac,  b.  Oct.  8,  1761. 

3.  ii.  Samuel,  b.  July  18,  1763. 

4.  iii.  Elizabeth,  b.  Apr.  9,  1765 ;  d.  1790. 

5.  iv.  Daniel,  b.  Jan.  8,  1767. 

6.  V.  Noah,  b.  Dec.  25,  1768.+ 

7.  vi.  Lydia,  b.  Feb.  3,  1771. 

8.  vii.  Elizabeth,  b.  July  20,  1773;  d.  Jan.  28,  1790. 

9.  viii.  Sarah,  b.  Sept.  10,  1776;  d.  Nov.  27,  1803;  m.  May  16,  1802, 

Timothy  Fox  (2). 

10.  ix.     John,  b.  May  7,  1779;  d.  Oct.  4,  1802. 

11.  X.       Mary,  b.  Dec.  9,  1781;  m.  Aug.  21,  1817,  Daniel  Giles  (4). 

6.  NoAH^  (Samuel*,  Joseph^,  Joseph^,  Joseph^),  b.  Dec.  25, 
1768;  d.  Sept.  14,  1809;  m.  Nov.  17,  1799,  Mary  Hills  (3).  He 
remained  at  the  home  of  his  boyhood,  and  although  he  died  in 
middle  life  he  became  a  leading  citizen.  He  was  town  clerk 
for  two  years,  a  selectman  during  the  last  twelve  years  of  his 
life,  and  also  represented  the  town  in  the  Legislature  the  last 
seven  years.  He  was  elected  a  deacon  two  years  before  his 
death.     Children : 

12.  i.        George  Everett,  b.  May  17,  1801;  d.  Sept.  24,  1820. 

13.  ii.       Lydia,  b.  Aug.  14,  1802;  d.  Nov.  11,  1804. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

14.  iii.  John,  b.  Jan.  22,  1804;  d.  about  1826,  unm.  He  had  purposed 
to  enter  the  ministry,  and  had  studied  at  Andover  Theo- 
logical Seminary;  but  before  the  completion  of  his  course 
of  study  he,  the  last  survivor  of  a  family  which  had  per- 
ished from  consumption,  was  attacked  by  the  same  disease, 
and  while  on  his  way  south  in  hope  of  relief,  he  died  in 
New  Jersey.  What  remained  of  the  family  property  he 
bequeathed  to  the  American  Board  of  Missions. 


The  New  Ipswich  records  and  gravestones  present  this  family  name 
in  several  varying  forms,  but  an  examination  of  early  records  forbids 
the  conclusion  that  such  orthographic  variations  necessarily  indicate  dif- 
ferent origins.  The  New  England  families  bearing  some  form  of  this 
name  appear  to  have  descended  from  several  different  emigrant  ancestors; 
but  the  two  branches  appearing  in  New  Ipswich  are  found  to  have  sprung 
from  a  common  stock,  despite  the  fact  that,  with  by  no  means  infrequent 
variations,  each  of  them  has  adhered  to  its  chosen  one  of  the  two  forms 
given  above. 

The  name  of  their  common  ancestor  is  uncertain,  but  probably  was 
Joseph.  He  is  not  known  to  have  removed  from  England,  but  it  is  be- 
lieved that  three  of  his  sons,  Joseph,  John,  and  Henry  came  from  Canter- 
bury, Kent,  England,  about  1636,  and  founded  the  Salem  branch  of  the 
family.  Henry  and  his  wife,  Martha,  however,  left  no  issue;  the  de- 
scendants of  both  the  other  brothers  have  had  a  part  in  the  building  of 
New  Ipswich. 

Joseph'  Batcheller,  d.  about  1657 ;  m.  Elizabeth  .  He  is  be- 
lieved to  have  made  a  home  in  that  part  of  Salem  which  was  afterward 
set  off  as  Wenham. 

John'  Batchelder,  b.  about  1610;  d.  Nov.  13,  1675;  m.  Elizabeth  

[d.  Nov.  10,  1675].  He  had  a  grant  of  land  in  1639,  in  that  part  of 
Salem  which  is  now  Beverly,  and  was  made  a  freeman  in  the  following 

JoHN^'  (Joseph'),  bapt.  Jan.  20,  1638;  d.  Mar.  22,  1729;  m.  (1)  July 
12,  1661,  Mary  Dennis;  (2)  May  4,  1666,  Sarah,  dau.  of  Robert  Goodale 
of  Salem.     He  probably  resided  near  the  place  of  his  birth. 

John'  (John'),  b.  June  23,  1650;  d.  Aug.  6,  1684;  m.  Aug.  14,  1673, 
Mary,  prob.  dau.  of  Zachariah  and  Mary  (Dodge)  Herrick  [b.  Oct.  10, 
1654;  d.  Aug.  19,  1684].  He  was  a  cooper  living  in  that  part  of  Salem 
which  is  now  Beverly. 

Ebenezer^  (John",  Joseph'),  b.  about  1673;  d.  1747;  m.  Sarah,  dau. 
of  Samuel  Tarbox  of  Lynn,  Mass. 

Jonathan'  (John=,  John'),  b.  Mar.  29,  1678;  d.  Apr.,  1740;  m.  Ruth, 
dau.  of  William  and  Ruth  (Hull)  Raymond  |b.  1690;  d.  1736].  He  was  a 
prominent  citizen,  and  represented  Salem  in  the  General  Court. 

JosiAH^  (Ebenezer^  John",  Joseph'),  b.  Wenham,  1709;  d.  1786;  m. 
1740,  Hannah  Kimball.  He  passed  his  life  in  Wenham,  but  all  his  chil- 
dren removed  to  New  Ipswich,  the  sons  before  his  death,  and  the  daugh- 
ters with  their  mother  in  1787.     Children : 


Batchelder — Batcheller 

1.  i.  Hannah,  b.  Feb.  11,  1746/7;  d.  Jan.  2,  1827. 

2.  ii.  Joseph,  b.  Feb.  19,  1748/9.+ 

3.  iii.  Abigail,  b.  May  28,  1751;  d.  Dec.  8,  1838. 

4.  iv.  JosiAH,  b.  Dec.  19,  1753.+ 

Jonathan'  (Jonathan',  John',  John'),  b.  1720;  d.  Oct.  19,  1776;  m. 
Apr.  10,  1745,  Hephzibah,  dau.  of  Daniel  and  Lucy  (Dodge)  Conant  [b. 
Beverly,  Oct.  16,  1729].  He  was  lieutenant  in  the  company  which  marched 
from  Salem  on  the  Concord  alarm,  1775. 

2.  Joseph^  (Josiah*,  Ebenezer^  John-,  Joseph^),  b.  Feb. 
19,  1748;  d.  Wallingford,  Vt.,  1812;  m.  (1)  Dec.  31,  1771, 
Elizabeth  Merry  of  Marblehead,  Mass.  [b.  Aug.  10,  1752,  N. 
S.;  d.  Feb.  1,  1809]  ;  (2)  Rebecca  ,  who  soon  became  in- 
sane. He  came  to  New  Ipswich  in  1780  and  followed  the  busi- 
ness of  a  carpenter  and  cabinet  maker,  the  occupation  of  many 
members  of  the  family,  until  his  removal  from  town  after  the 
loss  of  a  home  caused  by  his  wife's  insanity.  His  first  place 
of  residence  in  the  town  was  on  or  near  the  site  afterward 
occupied  by  the  house  of  Rev.  Stephen  Farrar,  a  short  dis- 
tance northwesterly  from  the  church,  but  he  soon  built  a 
house  nearer  the  church  in  a  southeast  direction,  long  occu- 
pied by  his  family,  afterward  by  the  widow  Fisk,  and  now  the 
summer  home  of  Henry  T.  Champney.     Children; 

6.  i.        Joseph,  b.  Marblehead,  Mass.,  Jan.  27,  1773.+ 

7.  ii.       John  Merry,  b.  Marblehead,  Mass.,  Mar.  14,  1775;  d.  Oct.  13, 

1849;  m.  Mary  Simonds  of  Billerica  [b.  about  1777;  d.  Dec. 
22,  1861].  He  passed  his  life  as  a  carpenter  and  cabinet 
maker,  his  first  home  after  marriage  being  in  a  small  house 
near  the  brook  crossing*  the  road  a  little  to  the  east  of  the 
present  Baptist  church,  until  he  built  a  house  between  the 
present  sites  of  the  two  cottages  upon  the  north  side  of 
the  turnpike  fifteen  or  twenty  rods  below  the  crossing  of 
the  road  from  the  starch  factory.  Child :  Z7 .  i.  Frederic 
M.,  b.  about  1805 ;  d.  Sept.  19,  1830. 

8.  iii.     Elizabeth,  b.  Wenham,  Nov.   1,   1779;  d.  Feb.  6,  1842.     She 

passed  her  life  in  New  Ipswich,  living  for  many  years  in 
the  family  of  her  youngest  brother,  and  conducting  a  very 
successful  business  as  a  tailoress.  often  having  four  em- 
ployees in  her  shop. 

9.  iv.      Hannah,  b.  New  Ipswich,  July  30,  1782;  d.  Feb.  4,  1838.     She 

passed  her  life  as  a  tailoress  in  her  native  town,  living  for 
many  years  on  the  spot  afterward  occupied  by  the  school- 
house  of  District  No.  13,  and  also  caring  for  her  aunts, 
Hannah  and  Abigail,  often  called  the  "two  old  bachelors 
and  the  two  old  maids." 

10.  v.       JosiAH,  b.  Sept.  2,  1783 ;  d.  Mar.  25,  1784. 

11.  vi.     JosiAH,  b.  Jan.  30,  1785;  d.  Feb.  4,  1785. 

12.  vii.     Polly,  b.  May  2,  1786;  d.  May  6,  1786. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

13.  viii.    Polly,  b.  Nov.  30,  1787 ;  d.  Nov.  30,  1787. 

14.  ix.      Oliver,   b.   Jan.   6,    1791;    d.   July    1,    1816;    unm.      He   was   a 

cabinet  maker. 

15.  X.       Moses,  b.  June  22,  1793.+ 

16.  xi.      Hervey,  b.  Nov.  28,  1795.+ 

4.  JosiAH^  (Josiah*,  Ebenezer^  John^,  Joseph^),  b.  Dec.  19, 
1753;  d.  May  2,  1812;  m.  Ruth  Fletcher  (37).  He  came  to  New 
Ipswich  at  about  the  same  time  as  his  brother,  and  was  the 
village  blacksmith  for  many  years,  living  in  the  house  upon 
the  west  side  of  the  street  running  southerly  from  the  Baptist 
church,  and  since  occupied  in  succession  by  Dea.  John  Clark 
and  his  son  Peter.  His  shop  was  situated  just  across  the 
street  from  his  house,  and  was  destroyed  by  fire  in  1812. 
Children — all  born  in  New  Ipswich: 

17.  i.        JosiAH,  b.  Nov.  20,  1787.+ 

18.  ii.       Ruth,  b.  Mar.  27,  1789;  d.  June  1,  1811. 

19.  iii.      Peter,  b.  July  20,  1794;  d.  New  Orleans,  La.,  while  a  young 


20.  iv.      William  Kimball,  b.  Aug.  4,  1798;  d.  Aug.  4,   1811. 

21.  V.       Washington  Adams,  b.  Apr.  30,  1808.+ 

5.  Samuel'^  (Jonathan*,  Jonathan^,  John-,  John^),  b.  Jan.  1, 
1755;  d.  Feb.  17,  1814;  m.  (pub.  Jan.  13,  1782)  Elizabeth,  dau. 
of  Peter  and  Mary  (Rea)  Woodbury  [d.  Feb.  11,  1835]  and 
also  great-granddaughter  of  John  and  Hannah  (Tarbox)  Batch- 
eller,  brother  and  sister  of  Ebenezer^  and  Sarah  (Tarbox) 
Batcheller.  He  served  in  the  company  with  his  father  at  the 
time  of  his  father's  death.  He  removed  from  Beverly  to  New 
Hampshire  in  1785,  and  commenced  business  as  a  baker  in  a 
very  small  way  in  the  house  long  occupied  by  Benjamin  Davis 
in  the  Davis  Village,  (northeast  corner  of  XIII :  1,  S.  R.) 
He  also  had  a  small  store,  which  in  time  came  to  be  managed 
by  his  sons.  He  prospered  in  his  business,  and  upon  the  open- 
ing of  the  Turnpike  he  erected  the  ''Peppermint  Tavern,"  (61, 
N.  D.,)  which  for  a  long  time  had  such  a  reputation  as  being 
the  best  public-house  between  Boston  and  Keene  that  travel- 
ers and  teamsters,  whose  wagons  drawn  by  four  horses  served 
the  public  in  place  of  the  freight  trains  of  the  present,  would 
often  shorten  or  extend  the  day's  journey  in  order  to  rest  at 
it.     Children — all  born  at  New  Ipswich,  except  the  eldest: 

22.  i.        Samuel,  b.  Jaffrey,  June  8,  1784.-f- 

23.  ii.       Peter,  b.  Sept.  12,  1786.-f- 

24.  iii.      Betsey,  b.  Jan.   16,   1789;   d.   1857;   m.  Jan.   18,   1814,  Moody 

Adams  (R.  1). 


Batchelder — Batcheller 

25.  iv.  William,  b.  May  24,  1791;  d.  Nov.  18,  1811. 

26.  V.  Nancy,  b.  June  20,  1793;  m.  Rev.  Phineas  Pratt  (2). 

27.  vi.  Daniel,  b.  1795;  d.  1796. 

28.  vii.  Mary,  b.  Apr.  18,  1797;  d.  Feb.  9,  1879;  m.  Silas  Wheeler  (75). 

29.  viii.  Czarina,  b.  Dec.  22,  1800;  m.  Joel  Parker. 

30.  ix.  Fanny,  b.  June  16,  1804;  m.  Rev.  Jonathan  Tucker  of  Saco, 


6.  Joseph*^  (Joseph^  Josiah*,  Ebenezer^,  John-,  JosephM, 
b.  Marbleliead,  Mass.,  Jan.  27,  1773;  m.  1796,  Hannah,  dau. 
of  Samuel  Trull.  He  left  his  native  town  soon  after  reaching 
his  majority,  and  pursued  his  father's  calling  of  cabinet  maker 
in  other  parts  of  the  state ;  for  a  time  he  resided  in  Billerica, 
where  his  wife  died.     Children  : 

31.  i.        Joseph,  b.  Apr.  25,  1797. 
7>2.  ii.       JosiAH,  b.  May  28,  1799. 

iZ.  iii.      Hannah,  b.  Oct.  28,  1800;  m.  June  25,  1822,  James  H.  Fames 
of  Reading,  Mass. 

34.  iv.      SoPHRONiA,  b.  May  20,  1802;  m.  May  17,  1825,  William  Taintor 

of  Boston. 

35.  V.       Eliza,  b.  Feb.  20,  1804. 

36.  vi.      Brooks  Trull,  b.  Jan.  7,  1813. 

15.  Moses*'  (Joseph^  Josiah*,  Ebenezer^,  John-,  Joseph^), 
b.  June  2,  1793;  d.  Jan.  12,  1829;  m.  (pub.  Jan.,  1818)  Lucy  M. 
Nash  of  Dorset,  Vt.  He  was  a  carpenter  in  Williamstown  and 
died  there.    Children : 

38.  i.  Harriet  M.,  b.  Jan.  19,  1819. 

39.  ii.  George  H.,  b.  Jan.  7,  1820. 

40.  iii.  Kimball,  b.  May  22,  1821. 

41.  iv.  Addison,  b.  Nov.  16,  1822. 

42.  V.  Eliza  May,  b.  May  8,  1824. 

43.  vi.  Alva  N.,  b.  Mar.  2,  1826. 

44.  vii.  Alvin  B.,  b.  Mar.  2,  1826. 

45.  viii.  Oliver,  b.  Dec.  2,  1828;  d.  June  25,  1830. 

16.  Hervey^  (Joseph^  Josiah*,  Ebenezer^  John-,  Joseph^), 
b.  Nov.  28,  1795;  d.  Sept.  16,  1857;  m.  Apr.,  1832,  Sally,  dau. 
of  James  and  Nabby  (Childs)  Buchanan  of  Waltham,  Mass. 
[b.  Apr.  1,  1805;  d.  June  10,  1865].  He  continued  the  family 
industry  as  carpenter  and  cabinet  maker,  and  lived  in  the 
house  at  the  foot  of  Meeting-house  Hill  around  which  the 
road  to  the  Baptist  church  and  postoffice  bends.    Children  : 

46.  i.        Sarah   Elizabeth,  b.  Apr.    11,   1833;   d.  Aug.  20,   1909.     She 

was  educated  at  New  Ipswich  Academy,  and  at  the  age  of 
nineteen  began  her  work  as  a  teacher  in  which  she  con- 
tinued until  near  the  close  of  her  life,  a  period  sufficient 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

to  make  further  evidence  of  success  superfluous.  Her  work 
was  largely  in  the  cities  of  Boston  and  New  York,  and  the 
latter  was  her  home  after  the  end  of  her  work. 

47.  ii.       Hervey   Buchanan,  b.  May  16,  1836;   d.  Jan.  28,   1912,  unm. 

His  life  was  largely  occupied  with  the  duties  of  a  pro- 
fessional nurse  in  New  York. 

48.  iii.      Mary  Abigail,  b.  Apr.  13,  1838;  d.  Mar.  9.  1842. 

49.  iv.      Oliver  Merry,  b.  May  1,  1840;  unm.     He  is  a  business  man  in 

Minneapolis,  Minn. 

17.  JosiAH®  (Josiah^,  Josiah*,  Ebenezer^,  John^,  Joseph^),  b. 
Nov.  20,  1787;  m.  Rebecca  Billing's.  He  was  a  blacksmith, 
and  for  a  time  was  his  father's  partner.    Children : 

50.  i.        Ira  Alonzo,  was  fatally  scalded  in  early  life. 
William  Kimball. 
Ruth  Ann,  m.   (1)   about  Mar.  1,  1836,  Levi  Ward   [d.  Mar. 

22,  1836]  ;   (2)  Chase. 

Mary  Rebecca. 
Martha  Maria. 

21.  Washington  Adams®  (Josiah^,  Josiah*,  Ebenezer^, 
John",  Joseph^),  b.  Apr.  30,  1808;  m.  his  cousin,  Adelaide 
Fletcher  (63).    He  removed  to  Brooklyn,  N.  Y.     Children: 










Adelaide  A. 



Clara,  d.  unm. 



Josephine,  d.  unm. 



LuciLLA,  d.  young. 



Eugene,  d.  young. 



Henry  Kent.-}- 

22.  Samuel**  (SamueP,  Jonathan*,  Jonathan^,  John-,  John^), 
b.  Jaffrey,  Jtine  8,  1784;  d.  Feb.  5,  1879;  m.  Aug.  26,  1810, 
Mary,  dau.  of  Gen.  John  Montgomery  of  Haverhill,  N.  H. 
[b.  Mar.  5,  1780;  d.  Apr.  24,  1869].  He  early  showed  his 
mercantile  instincts,  and  at  the  age  of  sixteen  he  practically 
conducted  his  father's  store.  At  the  age  of  twenty  he  opened 
a  store  in  Peterboro,  later  removing  to  Exeter,  but  in  1808 
he  returned  to  New  Ipswich  and  occupied  the  store  on  the 
Turnpike  at  the  corner  of  the  Temple  road  until  it  was  burned 
in  1812,  when  he  built  the  brick  building  known  since  that 
time  as  "the  corner  store"  and  traded  there  until  his  removal 
from  town.  While  still  a  young  man  he  became  greatly  in- 
terested in  the  manufacture  of  cotton  goods,  then  taking  form 
in  the  town,  entered  upon  it,  and  for  the  rest  of  his  life  was 
especially  devoted  to  that  interest.  With  the  birth  of  Lowell 
he  went  thither  and  came  to  have  a  very  prominent  position 
in  the  manufactures  of  that  city  and  of  other  places,  being 


Batchelcler — Batcheller 

president  of  the  Hamilton  Manufacturing  Company,  the  Ap- 
pleton  Company,  the  Essex  Company,  the  Everett  Mills,  the 
York  Manufacturing  Company,  and  the  Exeter  Manufacturing 
Company,  together  possessing  capital,  truly  enormous  in  those 
days,  of  $5,000,000.  His  own  inventions  had  no  small  place 
in  the  prosperity  of  the  various  undertakings  in  which  he  was 
so  earnestly  engaged  for  a  period  of  62  years,  and  during 
those  years  of  constant  advance  in  methods  his  mind  kept  pace 
with  the  increasing  demands  of  the  market  and  he  wielded 
a  facile  pen  in  support  of  his  own  views.  His  tastes  were 
literary,  and  he  was  a  frequent  contributor  to  magazines  and 
journals,  even  till  he  reached  four  score  years  and  ten.  ?Ie 
represented  New  Ipswich  in  the  Legislature  for  six  years, 
and  he  afterward  sat  in  the  Massachusetts  Legislature.  He 
resided  in  Lowell  for  several  years  and  was  one  of  the  first 
board  of  selectmen  of  that  new  town.  He  removed  to  Saco, 
Me.,  in  1831,  and  there  made  his  home  for  fifteen  years,  after 
which  he  established  himself  in  Cambridge,  Mass.,  where  he 
was  a  member  of  its  first  board  of  aldermen  and  resided  for 
a  third  of  a  century.    Children  : 

61.  i.       John  Montgomery,  b.  Oct.  12,  1811. + 

62.  ii.       William,   b.    Dec.    12,    1813;    d.    May  21,    1857;    m.    Nov.    14, 

1842,  Caroline  Augusta,  dau.  of  Dr.  Thomas  G.  and  Sarah 
(Cutto)  Thornton  [b.  Saco,  Me.,  Aug.  14,  1814;  d.  Saco, 
1899].  He  prepared  for  college  at  Lancaster,  Mass.,  and 
entered  Harvard  College  in  1830,  but  did  not  complete  his 
course  of  study.  He  resided  at  Andover,  Mass.,  where  he 
was    an    amateur    farmer. 

63.  iii.      Mary  Anne,  b.  Aug.  2,  1815;  d.  Lowell,  Oct.  31,  1827. 

64.  iv.      Horace,  b.  Oct.  11,  1817;  d.  Saco,  Feb.  11,  1842,  unm. 

65.  V.       Isabella,  b.  Sept.  2,  1819.-(- 

66.  vi.      Edward  Everett,  b.  Sept.  19,  1821;  d.  Sept.  24,  1821. 

67.  vii.     Eugene,  b.  Nov.  13,  1822.+ 

68.  viii.    Francis  Lowell,  b.  Apr.  2,  1825. + 

69.  ix.      Samuel,  b.  Jan.  9,  1830.+ 

23.  Peter''  (SamueF,  Jonathan^  Jonathan^  John-,  John^), 
b.  Sept.  12,  1786;  d.  Sept.,  1867;  m.  Margaret  Mitchell.    Child: 

70.  i.        A  daughter,  m.  Bradford.     Res.  in  Francestown. 

60.  Henry  Kent^  (Washington  Adams^  Josiah^  Josiah*, 
Ebenezer^  John-,  Joseph^).  He  resided  in  Brooklyn,  N.  Y. 
Children  : 

71.  i.        Estella,  a  teacher  in  Brooklyn. 

72.  ii.       Harry. 

73.  iii.      Adeline. 

74.  iv.      John.     He  has  two  children,  Blanch  and  Hattie. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

61.  John  Montgomery^  (SamueP,  SamueP,  Jonathan*,  Jon- 
athan^,  John^,  John^),  b.  Oct.  12,  1811 ;  d.  July  8,  1892;  m.  (1) 
1843,  Mary  Elizabeth  Wood;  (2)  Eliza  Constantia  (Bird) 
Beardsley  [d.  1898].  He  was  a  civil  engineer  at  York.  Me., 
and  at  Lawrence,  Mass.,  and  for  a  time  had  charge  of  a  mill 
in  Ipswich,  Mass.  He  then  became  connected  with  the  United 
States  Coast  Survey,  and  was  active  in  the  investigation  of  a 
great  variety  of  scientific  questions,  in  which  he  was  asso- 
ciated with  many  of  the  leading  American  scientists.  He  was 
the  inventor  of  many  valuable  scientific  devices.  He  was 
elected  member  of  the  American  Academy,  and  was  also  a 
member  of  many  other  scientific  societies,  retaining  his  earnest 
and  active  interest  in  such  matters  to  the  end  of  his  long  life. 
Children : 

75.  i.        Horace,  b.  Saco,  Me.,  1844;  d.  1844. 

76.  ii.       Isabella,  b.  Sept.  28,  1846.     Resides  in  Boston. 
11.  iii.     Arthur  Montgomery,  b.  1851 ;  d.  1856. 

65.  Isabella^  (Samuel*',  Samuel^,  Jonathan*,  Jonathan^, 
John^,  John^),  b.  Sept.  2,  1819;  d.  Aug.  6,  1901 ;  m.  Dec.  3.  1851, 
Thomas  Potts  James  of  Philadelphia.  She  lived  in  Philadel- 
phia until  1869,  then  in  Cambridge  until  1885,  and  afterward 
in  England,  her  home  being  at  Ottery-St.  Mary,  Devon, 
where  she  died.  During  the  Civil  War  she  devoted  much 
time  to  the  Sanitary  Commission  and  hospital  work,  being 
prominent  in  patriotic  activities,  and  she  was  afterward  presi- 
dent of  the  Pennsylvania  Freedmen's  Commission,  and  also 
interested  in  other  similar  work.  In  later  life  she  was  largely 
engaged  in  antiquarian,  historic,  and  genealogical  study,  and 
was  a  member  of  many  societies  of  that  general  character. 
A  worthy  ode  from  her  pen  sung  at  the  Centennial  Celebra- 
tion of  New  Ipswich  may  be  recalled  here.    Children : 

i.  Mary  Isabella  James,  b.  Burlington,  N.  J.,  Sept.  19,  1852; 
m.  Feb.  4,  1885,  Silvio  M.  de  Gozaldi  of  Denno,  Tyrol, 
Austria.  She  lived  in  Europe  until  1898,  and  since  that 
time  in  Cambridge,  where  she  succeeded  to  her  father's 
home.  Four  children. 
ii.  Montgomery  James,  b.  Philadelphia  Dec.  20,  1853;  d.  Phila- 
delphia Dec.  24,  1895,  unm.  He  graduated  from  Harvard 
College  in  1876,  receiving  the  degree  of  S.  B.  He  was  a 
civil  engineer  in  Mexico  and  in  South  Africa,  served  in 
the  British  army  during  the  Zulu  war,  and  was  afterward 
in  the  employ  of  King  Leopold  of  Belgium  in  the  Congo 


Batchelder — Batcheller 

iii.  Clarence  Gray  James,  b.  June  30,  1856;  d.  Mar.  13,  1892, 
unm.  He  pursued  special  work  in  chemistry  at  Harvard 
College,  and  was  afterward  a  manufacturing  chemist  in 

iv.  Frances  Batchelder  James,  b.  Sept.  26,  1859;  m.  John  Rose- 
Troup,  son  of  Gen.  Sir  Colin  Troup.  She  resides  at  Ottery- 
St.    Mary,   Devon,   England.     One   son. 

67.  Eugene^  (Samuel^  SamueP,  Jonathan*,  Jonathan^ 
John^,  John^),  b.  Nov.  13,  1822;  d.  Oct.  8,  1878;  m.  June  16, 
1864,  Caroline  Augusta  Deshon  [d.  Sept.,  1904].  He  studied  at 
Harvard  Law  School,  receiving  the  degree  of  LL.  B.  in  1845. 
He  lived  at  Dover,  Mass.  He  was  greatly  devoted  to  English, 
French,  and  German  literature,  and  had  the  poet's  place  at 
the  centennial  celebration  of  his  native  town.  A  very  con- 
siderable number  of  poems  were  published.     Child  : 

78.  i.        Maude  Augusta,  b.  Apr.  28,  1872;  m.  Apr.  14,  1909,  Charles 

Peter  Vosburgh  of  New  York  City.  She  studied  at  Rad- 
clifife  College,  and  follows  on  practically  the  lines  of  her 
father's  literary  pursuits. 

68.  Francis  Lowell^  (Samuel*',  Samuel^  Jonathan*,  Jona- 
than^,  John^,  John^,  b.  Lowell,  Apr.  2,  1825;  d.  Feb.  9,  1858; 
m.  Dec.  2,  1851,  Susan  Cabot,  dau.  of  Charles  Chauncy  Foster 
[d.  Apr.,  1900].  He  prepared  for  college  at  Saco,  Me.,  studied 
at  Harvard  College  and  Harvard  Law  School,  receiving  the 
degree  of  A.  B.  in  1844  and  LL.  B.  in  1848.  He  practised 
law  in  Boston  for  some  years,  having  his  home  at  Cambridge, 
until  failing  health  caused  him  to  seek  a  milder  climate  at 
Hibernia,  Fla.,  where  he  died.     Children: 

79.  i.        Amy,  b.  Sept.  9,  1852;  d.  July  5,  1881,  unm. 

80.  ii.       Charles  Foster,  b.  July  15,  1856;  m.  Laura  P.,  dau.  of  Lin- 

coln R.  Stone  of  Newton.  He  prepared  for  college  at 
Cambridge  high  school,  and  graduated  from  Harvard  Col- 
lege with  the  degree  A.  B.  in  1878.  He  devoted  himself 
to  ornithology,  and  for  many  years  was  president  of  the 
National  Ornithological  Society.  He  has  four  sons :  Philip 
Stone,  Francis  Lowell,  Charles  Foster,  and   Lawrence. 

69.  Samuel'^  (Samuel^  SamueP,  Jonathan*,  Jonathan^, 
John-,  John^),  b.  Jan.  9,  1830;  d.  Apr.  24,  1888;  m.  June  20, 
1867,  Marianne  Giles,  dau.  of  Gov.  Emory  Washburn  [b.  Wor- 
cester, Nov.  24,  1831].    He  was  a  lawyer  in  Boston.    Children  : 

81.  i.        Emory  Washburn,  b.  Apr.  4,  1868;  d.  Aug.  20,  1869. 

82.  ii.       Samuel  Francis,  b.  Mar.  10,  1870.     He  graduated  from  Har- 

vard College  and  Law  School,  A.  B.  1893,  LL.  D.  1898.  He 
is  a  lawyer  in  Boston,  and  is  also  engaged  in  historical  and 
literary  pursuits. 

83.  iii.     Mary  Emory,  b.  Mar.  25,  1873. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 


Thomas*  Bateman,  d.  Feb.  6,  1669;  m.   (1)   Martha  [d.  Aug.  3, 

1665]  ;  (2)  Jan.  27,  1668,  Margaret  Knight  [m.  (2)  Feb.  7,  1670,  Nathaniel 
Ball;  d.  Apr.  18,  1709].  According  to  tradition  he  came  from  England 
in  1630  and  settled  in  Concord,  Mass.,  in  1635,  and  there  is  little  doubt 
that  he  was  the  man  to  whom  the  Concord  records  given  above  relate. 
The  record  of  his  children  is  apparently  incomplete,  but  circumstantial 
evidence  strongly  supports  the  following  line  of  descent. 

Thomas^  (Thomas*),  m.  Apr.  25,  1672,  Abigail,  dau.  of  George  and 
Susanna  Meriam  [b.  (probably)  July  15,  1647;  d.  July  14,  1684].  He 
lived  in  Concord,  where  he  was  known  as  "Sergeant  Bateman." 

John'   (Thomas',  Thomas'),  b.  Apr.  12,  1679;  m.  Elizabeth  [d. 

Nov.  20,  1715].     He  lived  in  Concord. 

John'  (John^  Thomas',  Thomas*),  b.  Oct.  18,  1706;  m.  Feb.  10, 
1731/2,  Anna,  dau.  of  Timothy'  and  Lydia'  Wheeler  [b.  Nov.  26,  1713]. 
He  also  passed  his  life  in  Concord. 

Jonas^  (John^  John',  Thomas',  Thomas*),  b.  June  17,  1735;  m.  Jan. 
27,  1757,  Elizabeth,  dau.  of  Samuel  and  Elizabeth  Fletcher  [b.  Sept.  20, 
1736].     He  continued  the  family  in  Concord. 

Jonas'  (Jonas',  John',  John',  Thomas',  Thomas*),  b.  Nov.  21,  1769; 
d.  Oct.  17,  1824;  m.  1791,  Lydia  Buttrick  [b.  1763;  d.  Mar.  9,  1845].  He 
removed  from  Concord  after  the  birth  of  his  first  child  and  settled  in 
Chelmsford,  Mass. 

1.  Charles'^  (Jonas",  Jonas^,  John*,  John^,  Thomas^, 
Thomas^),  b.  about  1793;  d.  May  7,  1861;  m.  1817.  Czarina 
Thompson  of  Swanzey  [b.  about  1800;  d.  ]\iay  17,  1853].  He 
came  from  Harvard,  Mass.,  to  New  Ipswich  about  1823,  and 
passed  his  life  in  the  town  as  blacksmith,  for  many  years  in 
the  shop  at  the  west  end  of  the  Village  Green,  under  the  wil- 
low near  the  Jo  Kidder  Brook,  and  later  in  other  places  in 
the  Center  Village.  His  first  home  was  in  the  old  tavern 
building  of  Jonathan  Dix,  and  after  its  destruction  by  fire  in 
1826  he  built  upon  its  site  the  present  house  long  the  home 
of  Rev.  Samuel  Lee.    He  was  a  selectman  in  1843.    Children : 

3.  i.        Lucy  Williams,  b.   Swanzey  July  10,   1819;   d.  July  3,   1890; 

m.  May  16,  1847,  George  E.  Nutting,  who  for  a  time  was 
a  butcher  on  the  Woolson  farm,  IV:  2,  S.  R.,  but  later  re- 
moved to  Jersey  City,  N.  J.  She  had  two  daughters  while 
resident  in  New  Ipswich,  both  of  whom  died  young. 

4.  ii.       Amanda  Malvina,  b.  Harvard,  Mass.,  Nov.  5,  1820;  d.  Apr. 

3,  1902;  m.  Mar.  25,  1852,  Charles  Boardman.  Res.  in  Bos- 
ton, where  he  was  in  the  employ  of  the  Boston  &  Lowell 

5.  iii.      Ann    Maria,   b.    Harvard,   Mass.,   Dec.    10,    1821 ;    d.    May   6, 

1893;  m.  Mar.  8,  1849,  Isaiah  W.  Barnum  of  New  York 

6.  iv.      Arabella  Semira,  b.  July  20,  1823;  d.  Jan.  2,  1824. 

7.  V.       Josephine  Angelia,  b.  Nov.  27,  1824;  d.  Aug.  2,  1825. 



8.  vi.      Arabella  Augusta,  b.  Mar.   14,  1826;  m.   (1)   May  16,  1847, 

Samuel  S.  Brown  (J.  1)  ;   (2)  John  Warner. 

9.  vii.     Charles  Thompson,  b.  July  17,  1828;  d.  Sept.  27,  1828. 

10.  viii.   Charles  Augustus,  b.  Aug.  20,  1830.+ 

11.  ix.      Alfreda  Thompson,  b.  Sept.  21,  1831;  m.  Mar.  16,  1854,  James 

R.  Elliot  of  Mason.  He  was  a  publisher  in  Boston.  Res. 
in  Everett,  Mass.  Children:  i.  James  Elliot,  d.  aged  2 
days.  ii.  Arthur  Elliot,  d.  aged  4  years,  iii.  Grace  Elliot, 
b.  May  28,  1860.     Supervisor  of  public  schools  of  Everett. 

12.  X.       Semira  Jane,  b.  Apr.  13,  1833;  d.  Sept.  23,  1861.     She  had  a 

large  tailoring  establishment  in  Boston. 

13.  xi.     George  Frederic,  b.  about  1835.+ 

14.  xii.    Andrew  Plummer,  b.  Mar.  10,  1837.+ 

15.  xiii.   Harriet  Josephine,  b.  Dec.  1,  1838;  m.  Sept.  21,  1865,  George 

H.,  son  of  Charles  Bullard.  Res.  Dorchester,  Mass.  Chil- 
dren: i.  George  Arthur  Bullard,  b.  July  14,  1866;  unm. ; 
he  has  an  advertising  agency  in  Boston,  ii.  IVilliani  Osgood 
Billiard,  h.  May  30,  1868;  unm.;  he  is  in  the  employ  of  a 
boot  and  shoe  house  in  Boston,  iii.  Clarence  Paul  Bullard, 
b.  Sept.  11,  1872;  d.  Feb.,  1874.  Three  other  children  who 
died  young  are  not  borne  upon  the  record. 

2.  John'^  (Jonas*',  Jonas^  John*,  John^,  Thomas^,  Thomas^). 
He  came  to  New  Ipswich  a  few  years  later  than  his  brother, 
and  worked  with  him  several  years,  afterward  removing  to 

10.  Charles  Augustus^  (Charles^,  Jonas*',  Jonas^,  John*, 
John^,  Thomas^  Thomas^),  b.  Aug.  20,  1830;  d.  Oct.,  1906; 
m.  Aug.  20,  1854,  Elizabeth  Miller  of  Fitchburg.  Mass.  He 
was  a  hardware  dealer  in  Charlestown,  Mass.    Children : 

16.  i.        Harriet,  d.  aged  4  years. 

17.  ii.       Frederic,  d.  in  infancy. 

18.  iii.      Leon  Herbert,  d.  aged  26  years.     He  entered  Tufts  College, 

afterward   studied   law   and  had  begun  practice  in   Boston. 

19.  iv.      Frank   Elliot.     He   graduated   from  Tufts   College  in    1887, 

from  Harvard  Medical  School  in  1894,  and  is  in  practice  at 
Somerville,  Mass. 

20.  v.       Ernest,  d.  aged  17  years,  while  a  student  in  Tufts  College. 

13.  George  Frederic®  (Charles'',  Jonas*',  Jonas^  John*, 
John^  Thomas^  Thomas^),  b.  about  1835;  d.  in  Colorado. 
Fie  went  westward  in  early  manhood,  settled  in  Colorado,  and 
"grew  up  with  the  state,"  living  in  different  places,  but  finally 
becoming  a  dealer  in  tin  and  hardware  at  Salida.     Children : 

21.  i.  Semira,  d.  young. 

22.  ii.  Alfreda,  d.  in  infancy. 

23.  iii.  Frederic.     He  succeeded  to  his  father's  business. 

24.  iv.  Walter.     He  is  also  in  the  family  business. 

25.  V.  Josephine,  m.  and  has  a  famity.     Res.  in  Salida. 












History  of  New  Ipswich 

14.  Andrew   Plummer^    (Charles^   Jonas^,   Jonas^   John*, 

John^  Thomas^,  Thomas^),  b.  Mar.  10,  1837;  d.  June,  1906; 

m.  Mary  Page  of  Westminster,  Mass.    He  was  a  dealer  in  tin 

and  hardware  at  Winchendon,  Mass.       Children : 

26.  i.  Jennie  Louise,  b.  1858;  m.  Frank  W.  Puffer  of  Fitchburg, 
Mass.     One  daughter. 

Myra,  b.  1860;  d.  Nov.  8,  1907;  m.  Oilman  Fogg  of  Charles- 
town,  Mass. 

Harry  Osgood,  b.  Nov.  24,  1879.  Five  children.  He  suc- 
ceeded to  his  father's  business. 

Hattie,  b.  1872 ;  d.  aged  4  years. 

Clara,  b.  1875 ;  m.  Frank  R.  Smith  of  Grand  Junction,  Colo. 

Gertrude,  b.  about  1882;  m.  Alvin  E.  Donnie  of  Bellows  Falls, 


JoHN^  Bates,  b.  about  1642;  d.  about  1720;  m.  Mary  .     He  was 

a  cooper  and  yeoman  at  Chelmsford,  Mass. 

JoHN^  (John'),  d.  about  1722;  m.  Deborah  .     Res.  at  Chelmsford. 

Edward^  (John^  John'),  b.  about  1696;  m.  Mary,  dau.  of  John  Snow 
of  Nottingham,  Mass.  Res.  in  that  part  of  Chelmsford  which  is  now 

1.  Joseph*  (Edward^,  John^,  John^),  b.  Nov.  3,  1726;  m.  (1) 

Phebe  ;  (2)  Dec.  12,  1781,  Mary  Davis.     He  came  from 

Westford,  Mass.,  to  New  Ipswich  in  1751  and  bought  of  Abi- 
jah  Foster  the  lot  upon  which  he  had  built  the  first  house  of 
the  town,  33,  N.  D.,  including  most  of  the  land  now  occupied 
by  the  Center  Village  north  of  the  Village  Green,  now  marked 
by  the  soldiers'  monument.  He  perhaps  had  a  store  earlier 
than  that  of  Jonathan  Dix,  who  has  generally  been  considered 
the  first  trader  in  the  town.  If  so,  it  probably  was  on  the  site 
of  the  present  Appleton  House,  and  was  sold  with  the  farm 
to  David  Hills  about  1772.  He  was  a  very  energetic  chairman 
of  the  Committee  of  Correspondence  and  Inspection  in  1775, 
and  he  gave  military  service  in  the  Revolution  at  least  on  the 
occasion  of  the  Concord  alarm.  He  is  said  to  have  been  a 
lieutenant  and  to  have  been  present  at  the  capture  of  Bur- 
goyne,  but  his  name  does  not  appear  on  the  State  Revolu- 
tionary Rolls  of  that  time.  He  removed  to  Jaffrey  about  1778, 
and  was  a  member  of  the  Committee  of  Safety  in  that  town 
for  that  year,  and  later  held  important  town  offices.  About 
1801  he  removed  to  the  northern  part  of  the  state  of  New 
York.     Children : 

2.  i.       Joseph,  b.  May  29,  1757;  m.  Apr.  7,  1795,  Lucy,  dau.  of  Job 

Dodge  of  Jaffrey.     He  gave  Revolutionary  service.     Child : 
i.  John,  m.  Susan  Kidder;  res.  Potsdam,  N.  Y. 



3.  ii.  Hannah,  b.  Sept.  10,  1759;  d.  May  14,  1762. 

4.  iii.  Philip,  b.  July  8,  1763 ;  d.  Dec.  4,  1764. 

5.  iv.  Hannah,  b.  Oct.  26,  1765 ;  m.  Lieut.  Daniel  Emery  of  Jaflfrey. 

6.  V.  Sarah,  b.  Jan.  1,  1767;  d.  Dec.  18,  1787;  m.  Alexander  Emes 

of  Dublin.  Child:  i.  Sally  Emes,  d.  Sept.  12,  1838;  m. 
Farnum  Fisk;  res.  at  Potsdam,  N.  Y. 

7.  vi.      Peter,   b.    Mar.  21,    1770;    m.    Elizabeth    Milliken   of    Sharon. 

Removed  to  Potsdam,  N.  Y.,  1808.     Eight  children. 

8.  vii.     Anna,  b.  Aug.  13,  1775. 

[Here  the  New  Ipswich  record  of  births  ceases,  but  the 
History  of  Jaflfrey  gives  additional  names  without  dates  of 

9.  viii.    Samuel,  d.  Oct.   14,  1838;  m.  June  21,   1810,  Jenny,  dau.  of 

Moses  Cutter  of  Jaflfrey.     Res.  Bradford. 

10.  ix.      Nancy,  m.  Apr.  21,  1803,  Alexander  Milliken  of  Sharon. 

11.  X.       Isaac,  m.   Oct.   14,   1796,  Charlotte   Bryant.     Removed  to   St. 

Lawrence  Co.,  N.  Y.,  and  thence  to  Springfield,  111.,  in  1831. 

Children:     i.  James,  h.  Mar.  2,  1803;  res.  Potsdam,  N.  Y., 

and  Springfield,  111.     ii.  Oliver;  res.  Potsdam,  N.  Y. ;  four 


Six  more  children  of  Isaac  were  born  in  Potsdam. 


John'  Bellows,  b.  about  1623;  d.  1683;  m.  May  9,  1655,  Mary,  dau. 
of  John  and  Mary  Wood  of  Concord  and  Marlboro,  Mass.  [d.  Sept.  16, 
1707].  He  is  believed  to  have  come  to  New  England  at  the  age  of  12, 
in  the  "Hopewell,"  but  with  whom  he  came  at  that  early  age  is  unknown. 
His  name  first  appears  in  the  Concord  records  in  1645,  and  his  life  was 
passed  in  that  town  and  in  Marlboro,  which  last-named  town  was  the 
place  of  his  death  and  that  of  his  wife. 

Benjamin'  (John'),  b.  Concord,  Jan.  18,  1676/7;  m.  Jan.  5,  1703/4, 
Dorcas  (Cutler),  widow  of  Henry  Willard  [d.  Sept.  8,  1747].  He  lived 
in  Lancaster,  Mass.,  whence  he  removed  about  1728  to  Lunenburg,  Mass., 
where  he  and  his  wife  died. 

Benjamin'  (Benjamin=,  John'),  b.  May  26,  1712;  d.  July  10,  1777; 
m.  (1)  Oct.  7,  1735,  Abigail'  Stearns  of  Watertown  (John',  Samuel', 
Isaac'),  [b.  June,  1708;  d.  Nov.  9,  1757];  (2)  Apr.  21,  1758,  Mary  (Hub- 
bard), widow  of  John  Jennison  of  Lunenburg,  Mass.  [b.  Groton,  Mass., 
Apr.  12,  1725;  d.  Feb.  21,  1794].  He  went  with  his  parents  to  Lunenburg, 
Mass.,  in  1728,  and  remained  there  until  the  age  of  forty,  being  a  leading 
citizen  and  elected  to  all  the  important  town  offices.  But  in  1752  he 
removed  to  Walpole,  N.  H.,  incorporated  in  that  year,  and  in  this  new 
enterprise  he  held  so  prominent  a  place  that  he  was  termed  the  founder 
of  the  town.  The  neighboring  Bellows  Falls  perpetuate  his  name.  In 
the  necessary  contests  with  the  Indians  he  was  brave  and  skilful,  and  held 
the  positions  of  major  and  colonel.  Henry  W.  Bellows,  D.  D.,  the  Uni- 
tarian divine  and  president  of  the  Sanitary  Commission  during  the  Civil 
War,  was  descended  from  Benjamin'  by  the  line  of  Joseph',  John', 
Henry  WA 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

Benjamin'  (Benjamin',  Benjamin',  John'),  b.  Sept.  25,  1740;  d.  June 
4,  1802;  m.  Nov.  4,  1766,  Phebe,  dau.  of  Lieut.  Caleb  and  Phebe  (Lyman) 
Strong  and  sister  of  Governor  and  Senator  Caleb  Strong  of  Massachusetts 
[b.  Jan.  2,  1740;  d.  Jan.  15,  1817].  He  succeeded  to  his  father's  place  as 
leading  citizen  of  Walpole,  and  in  addition  to  town  honors  he  was  a 
member  of  the  state  council,  and  also  as  Presidential  elector  voted  for 
George  Washington,  and  later  for  John  Adams.  His  service  in  the  field 
during  the  Revolution  was  long,  and  he  rose  to  the  position  of  general. 

Caleb^  (Benjamin^  Benjamin^  Benjamin",  John^),  b.  July  29,  1767; 
d.  Apr.  17,  1822;  m.  Mar.  6,  1791,  Mary  Hartwell  (2).  Like  his  father 
and  grandfather  he  passed  his  life  in  Walpole,  which,  however,  had  then 
become  too  large  to  allow  any  man  so  pronounced  leadership  as  they  had 
exercised.  He,  however,  held  important  town  offices  and  was  a  colonel  in 
the  militia.  He  was  a  farmer  and  owned  a  very  large  amount  of  land. 
He  had  twelve  children,  of  whom  four  may  be  claimed  by  New  Ipswich. 

1.  Ephraim  Hartwell,  b.  Jan.  29,  1792.-)- 

2.  Benjamin  Franklin,  b.  Oct.  22,  1795  ;  d.  Dec.  24,  1818.    Little 

is  recorded  concerning  this  member  of  the  family,  who  died 
in  early  manhood,  but  apparently  he  was  a  resident  in  New 
Ipswich  for  several  years,  as  his  admission  to  the  church 
six  years  before  death  is  a  matter  of  record. 

3.  Laura  Livermore,  b.  Sept.  17,  1804;  d.  Jan.  9,  1878;  m.  Apr. 

21,  1824,  Dr.  James  Barr  (2). 

4.  Charles  Cotesworth,  b.  May  6,  1813. -|- 

1.  Ephraim  Hartwell^  (Caleb^  Benjamin*,  Benjamin^, 
Benjamin^,  John^),  b.  Jan.  29,  1792;  d.  Jan.  5,  1861;  m.  Nov. 
24,  1818,  Sarah,  dau.  of  Roger  and  Mary  (Hartwell)  Brown, 
a  cousin  of  her  mother-in-law  [b.  Oct.  15,  1786;  d.  Feb.  15, 
1866].  He  was  adopted  by  his  grandfather,  Ephraim  Hart- 
well, at  the  age  of  two  years.  New  Ipswich  became  his  home, 
and  in  due  time  he  attended  the  Academy.  He  removed  to 
Concord,  Mass.,  where  he  was  a  manufacturer  of  cotton  cloth. 
That  heredity  had  its  place  in  forming  his  character  is  in- 
dicated by  his  captaincy  of  a  military  company  in  Concord. 
Children : 

5.  i.  Benjamin  Franklin,  b.  Oct.  9,  1819;  d.  Feb.  27,  1823. 

6.  ii.  Mary  Brown,  b.  Nov.  14,  1821 ;  d.  June  19,  1837. 

7.  iii.  Sarah  Elizabeth,  b.  Mar.  6,  1823 ;  d.  Oct.  28,  1909. 

8.  iv.  Ephraim  Hartwell,  b.  Jan.  10,  1825 ;  d.  Dec.  16,  1825. 

9.  v.  Ephraim   Hartwell,  b.  Aug.   18,   1826;   d.  Apr.  22,   1905;  m. 

Apr.  30,  1848,  Jane  L.  Read  [d.  July  30,  1849].  Res.  in 
Cuba  for  twenty  years;  later  after  1880  in  Salem,  Mass. 
An  inventor  and  manufacturer. 

10.  vi.      George  Lyman,  b.  Apr.  6,  1828;  d.  Nov.  26,  1863,  unm.     He 

was  in  business  at  Boston  for  some  years,  and  later  at 
Chicago.  He  served  in  the  Civil  War,  entering  as  captain 
in  the  51st  Illinois  Regt.,  and  was  promoted  to  major.  He 
was  killed  at  the  battle  of  Missionary  Ridge. 

11.  vii.    Frances  Maria,  b.  Feb.  18,  1831;  d.  Jan.  15,  1835. 












4.  Charles  Cotesworth^  (Calebs  Benjamin*,  Benjamin^ 
Benjamin-,  John^),  b.  May  6,  1813;  d.  Sept.  7,  1872;  m.  Oct. 
7,  1838,  Abby  Parker  Champney  (40).  He  followed  mercan- 
tile pursuits  in  Dubuque,  Iowa,  Toledo,  O.,  and  Buffalo,  N.  Y., 
and  was  also  occupied  with  useful  inventions.  He  was  en- 
gaged in  the  work  of  the  Sanitary  Commission  during  the 
Civil  War.  All  of  these  activities  forbade  for  a  large  part  of 
the  time  his  permanent  residence  with  his  family,  which  for 
many  years  occupied  the  house  built  by  Rev.  Stephen  Farrar 
a  little  northwest  from  the  old  meeting-house  on  the  hill. 
Children : 

Mary  Narcissa,  b.  Feb.  1,  1841 ;  d.  July  IS,  1842. 
Richard  Mott,  b.  July  6,  1843;  drowned  July  18,  1857. 
Mary  Abby,  b.  May  10,  1845;  d.  July  27,  1914;  m.  Nov.  23, 

1867,  Dr.  Francis  N.  Gibson    (1). 
Charles  Parker,  b.  Apr.  27,  1848;  d.  Oct.  1,  1863. 
Ellen  Phebe,  b.  Nov.  13,  1851;  d.  Mar.  8,  1864. 


JoHN^   Bent,    b.    Penton-Grafton,    County   Essex,    England,    1596;    d. 

Sept.  27,  1672;  m.  about  1624,  Martha ;  [d.  May  15,  1679].     He  came 

to  America  in  1638,  and  settled  in  Sudbury,  Mass.,  w^here  he  died. 

JoHN°  (John^),  b.  Jan.,  1636;  d.  Sept.,  1717;  m.  (1)  Hannah,  dau.  of 
John  and  Anne  Stone  of  Cambridge,  Mass.  [b.  June  6,  1640] ;  (2)  Martha, 
dau.  of  Matthew  Rice  [b.  Aug.  17,  1657].  He  lived  in  Framingham,  his 
name  being  the  first  upon  the  petition  for  its  formation. 

David^  (John^  John*),  b.  Framingham  about  1691;  d.  Framingham, 
Feb.  15,  1730;  m.  Jan.  1,  1713,  Mary,  dau.  of  Capt.  Thomas  Drurv. 

David'  (David',  John',  John'),  b.  Mar.  30,  1730;  d.  Rutland,  Mass., 
Jan.  15,  1798;  m.  (1)  Apr.  3,  1751,  Lucy,  dau.  of  Peter  Moore  of  Rut- 
land; (2)  Oct.  2,  1783,  Martha,  dau.  of  James  and  Elizabeth  Browning 
of  Rutland  [b.  Nov.  21,  1744;  d.  July  9,  1817].  He  was  a  blacksmith  and 
farmer  in  Rutland.     He  served  as  a  captain  in  the  Revolution. 

Samuel  Browning'  (David*,  David^  John^  John'),  b.  Nov.  27,  1784; 
d.  Middlebury,  Vt.,  Dec.  4,  1858;  m.  (1)  Jan.  1,  1807,  Hannah,  dau.  of 
Oliver  Watson,  Jr.  [b.  Feb.  13,  1786;  d.  Sept.  7,  1813];  (2)  Mar.  13,  1816, 
Catherine,  dau.  of  Rev.  Joseph  Avery  of  Holden,  Mass.  [b.  Feb.  3,  1788; 
d.  Oct.  3,  1865].  He  was  a  manufacturer  of  machine  cards  in  Middle- 
bury,  Vt. 

1.  Samuel  Watson^  (Samuel  Browning^,  David*,  David^, 
John^,  John^),  b.  Rutland,  Oct.  27,  1811;  d.  Feb.  6,  1861;  m. 
Aug.  3,  1836,  Mary  Narcissa,  dau.  of  Joseph  and  Mary  (Apple- 
ton)  Barrett  (11).  He  passed  his  boyhood  in  Middlebury; 
about  1827  he  went  to  Boston,  and  five  years  later  commenced 
business  as  a  dry  goods  merchant.     He  went  to  California  in 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

1849,  and  soon  after  his  return  in  1851  he  removed  to  New 
Ipswich  and  located  upon  the  farm  of  his  father-in-law,  Joseph 
Barrett,  to  the  management  of  which  he  gave  careful  attention 
during  the  rest  of  his  life.    Children  : 

2.  i.        Samuel  Arthur,  b.  July  1,  1841. + 

3.  ii.      Joseph   Appleton,   b.   Feb.   22,    1843;    d.   Aug.    12,    1869.     He 

graduated  from  Yale  in  1865  with  honorable  record,  and 
entered  upon  the  study  of  law  in  Columbia  Law  School;  his 
failure  in  health  forbade  the  completion  of  his  course  of 

2.  Samuel  Arthur^  (Samuel  Watson®,  Samuel  Browning^ 
David*,  David^  John^,  John^),  b.  July  1,  1841 ;  m.  Aug.  30,  1890, 
Mary  Edna  Thompson  of  Bridgewater,  Mass.  He  graduated 
from  Yale  in  1861,  and  from  Harvard  Law  School  in  1865.  He 
practiced  in  Boston  for  some  years,  and  was  at  that  time  an 
active  member  of  the  school  board  of  the  city.  He  was  in 
Europe  from  1870  to  1878,  and  after  his  return  for  a  few  years 
was  superintendent  of  the  schools  of  Nashua  and  afterwards 
of  Clinton,  Mass.  During  those  and  later  years  he  has  been 
especially  devoted  to  literary  pursuits,  a  considerable  amount 
of  his  work  having  been  published.     Child : 

4.  i.       Mildred,  b.  Nov.  6,  1891. 


John'  Bigelow,  b.  about  1617;  d.  July  14,  1703;  m.  (1)  Oct.  8,  1642, 
Mary,  dau.  of  John  and  Margaret  Warren  [d.  Oct.  19,  1691]  ;  (2)  Oct.  2, 
1694,  Sarah,  dau.  of  Joseph  Bemis.  He  was  an  early  resident  at  Water- 
town,  Mass.,  his  m.arriage  being  the  first  recorded,  the  record  being  as 
follows:  "1642-30-8  John  Bigulah  and  Mary  Warin  joyned  in  mariag." 
He  was  chosen  selectman  several  times.    Inventory  of  his  estate,  i627,  12s. 

Joshua'  (John'),  b.  Nov.  5,  1655;  d.  Feb.  1,  1745;  m.  Oct.  20,  1676, 
Elizabeth,  dau.  of  Thomas  and  Mary  Flagg  [b.  Mar.  22,  1657;  d.  Aug.  9, 
1729].  He  lived  in  Watertown  during  most  of  his  life,  but  d.  in  West- 
minster, Mass.,  whither  his  youngest  son  had  removed.  He  was  wounded 
in  King  Philip's  war,  for  which  he  had  a  grant  of  land  in  Westminster. 

Joshua'  (Joshua',  John'),  b.  Nov.  25,  1677;  d.  May  9,  1728;  m.  Oct.  7, 
1701,  Hannah,  dau.  of  Nathaniel  Fiske.  He  lived  in  that  part  of  Water- 
town  which  is  now  in  Weston. 

1.  John*  (Joshua^  Joshua^  John^),  b.  June  24,  1715;  d. 
1787;  m.  Nov.  29,  1739,  Grace  Allen.  He  lived  successively 
in  Weston,  Stow,  Acton,  and  Westford,  Mass.,  and  in  the  last 
year  of  his  life  he  came  to  New  Ipswich,  whither  his  son  had 
come  the  preceding  year,  and  he  is  said  to  have  remained  un- 
til his  death, 



2.  SiLAS^  (John^  Joshua^  Joshua^,  John^),  b.  Stow,  Mass., 
Mar.  17,  1750;  d.  May  17,  1797;  m.  Rachel  Pitts  of  Townsend, 
Mass.  [b.  Dec.  25,  1755;  d.  Jan.  4,  1829].  He  had  lived  in 
Westford,  Lunenburg,  and  Ashburnham,  Mass.,  before  coming 
to  New  Ipswich.  He  bought  the  house  of  Samuel  Whitte- 
more  on  lot  1,  N.  L.  O.,  enlarged  it  and  became  an  innholder 
there.  It  is  uncertain  whether  the  old  "Bigelow  tavern"  build- 
ing is  still  included  in  the  ruined  house  yet  standing  a  little 
eastward  from  the  "Gibson  schoolhouse."     Children : 

3.  i.        Silas,  b.  Jan.  9,  1775;  d.  Aug.  31,  1801. 

4.  ii.       Daniel,  b.  Apr.  3,  1776;  m.  Betsey  T.,  dau.  of  Jonathan  Wil- 

kins  of  Amherst.     He  remained  in  New  Ipswich  but  a  few 
years  after  reaching  manhood.     Ten  children. 

5.  iii.      Samuel,  b.  Nov.   11,  1777;  d.  by  drowning  while  engaged  in 

lumbering  at  Holland  Purchase,  N.  Y.     He,  too,  remained 
in  town  but  a  few  years. 

6.  iv.     Joel,  b.  Feb.  27,  1779;  d.  Aug.  2,  1807,  unm. 

7.  V.       John,  b.  July  7,  1781 ;  d.  Nov.,  1809,  unm. 

8.  vi.      An  infant,  b.  and  d.  Aug.   1,   1783. 

9  vii.     Joseph,  bapt.  Nov.  13,  1785;  d.  June,  1786. 

10.  viii.    Betsey,  b.  Nov.  8,  1788;  d.  Nov.  25,  1867;  m.  1804,  Danforth 

Walker  (S.  6). 

11.  ix.      MiLLY,   b.    Feb.    17,    1792;    m.    Sept.   23,    1813,    David   Walker 

(S.  8).     Res.  in  Middlebury,  Vt. 

12.  X.       Luther,  b.  Jan.   13,   1794;  d.  Oct.  6,  1832.     He  was  a  doctor 

in  Carthage,  Tenn.,  and  Nashville,  Tenn.,  in  which  last  place 
he  died. 


John'  Binney,  d.  Nov.  10,  1698;  m.  Mercy  [d.  Jan.  19,  1708/9]. 

He  came  to  Hull,  Mass.,  about  1769,  probably  from  Worksop,  Notting- 
hamshire, England.     He  is  styled  "fisherman"  and  "gentleman." 

John=  (John'),  b.  May  31,  1679;  d.  Hull,  June  30,  1759;  m.  (1)  May 
31,  1704,  Hannah,  dau.  of  Thomas  and  Hannah  (Shaw)  Paine  [b.  about 
1685;  d.  Jan.  14,  1757];  (2)  Dec.  15,  1757,  Mrs.  Sarah  Crosby  of  Boston. 

John'  (John',  John'),  b.  Hull,  Apr.  23,  1705;  d.  Lincoln,  Mass.,  Aug. 
14,  1760;  m.  Oct.  21,  1726,  Hannah  Jones.  He  was  a  doctor.  He  removed 
from  Hull  to  Mendon  about  1730,  and  to  Weston  or  Wayland  about  1745. 

1.  John*  (John^  John-,  John^),  b.  Hull,  Dec.  21,  1727;  d. 
Jan.  23,  1784;  m.  (1)  Dec,  1753,  Elizabeth  Ward  of  Mendon 
[d.  Sept.  3,  1756]  ;  (2)  (pub.  Oct.  21,  1757),  Dinah,  dau.  of 
Gamaliel  and  Mary  Beaman  of  Lancaster,  Mass.  [b.  Sept.  20, 
1728;  d.  Dec.  24,  1791].  He  was  a  farmer  in  Weston,  Lincoln, 
and  Marlboro,  Mass.,  before  coming  to  New  Ipswich  in  1781. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

He  lived  upon  the  summit  of  the  hill  which  took  his  name, 
on  lot  100,  N.  L.  O.    Children: 

2.  i.        Elizabeth,  b.  June  21,  1756;  d.  Hillsboro,  N.  H.,  before  1802; 

m.  Jan.  3,  1782,  Elijah  Fiske  of  Natick.     Eight  children. 

3.  ii.       Mary,  b.  Sept.  24,  1759;  m.   (1)   Solomon  Rice;   (2)  Ebenezer 

Parker.     Three  children. 

4.  iii.      Moses,  b.  Sept.  19,  1761.+ 

5.  iv.      Abigail,  b.  Apr.   11,  1763;  m.  after  her  sister's  death,  Elijah 

Fiske,  then  a  resident  of  Hillsboro,  N.  H. 

6.  V.       John,  b.  May  25,  1764.+ 

7.  vi.      David,  b.  about  1769;  prob.  d.  young. 

8.  vii.     Thomas,  b.  Apr.  24,  1771;  d.  Dec.  10,  1853;  m.   (1)   Mar.  7, 

1796,  Lucinda,  dau.  of  Col.  Richard  Roberts  [b.  Dec.  4, 
1776;  d.  Mar.  10,  1845];  (2)  May  7,  1846,  Hephzibah,  dau. 
of  John  and  Grace  Davis  of  Whitingham,  Vt.  He  removed 
from  New  Ipswich  soon  after  1800,  and  was  a  farmer  in 
Barre,  Mass..  Westminster,  Vt.,  and  Wilmington,  Vt. 

4.  MosES^  (John*,  John^  John^  John^),  b.  Sept.  19,  1761; 
d.  Concord,  Mass.,  Sept.  28,  1788;  m.  June  8,  1786,  Elizabeth, 
dau.  of  Stephen  and  Elizabeth  Hosmer  of  Concord,  Mass.  [b. 
Jan.  21,  1765  ;  d.  Mar.  3,  1847].    Res.  Concord,  Mass.    Children  : 

9.  i.        Polly,  b.  Oct.  17,  1787. 

10.  ii.       Betsey,  b.  May  18,  1789. 

6.  JoHN^  (John*,  John^  John^,  John^),  b.  May  25,  1764;  d. 
New  York  state,  Aug.  6,  1844;  m.  (1)  June  6,  1793,  Anna 
Walker  (J.  3)  ;  (2)  Jan.  25,  1816,  Lucretia  Fox  (9).  He  suc- 
ceeded to  his  father's  farm  on  Binney  Hill.     Children: 

11.  i.        Mary,  b.  Feb.,  1794;  d.  Oct.  11,  1794. 

12.  ii.       John,  b.  about  1795;  d.  in  infancy. 

13.  iii.      Moses,  b.  Aug.  20,  1796;  d.  Somerville,  Mass.,  Jan.,  1880;  m. 

(1)  Phebe,  dau.  of  John  and  Susanna  (Page)  Wetherbee 
of  Rindge  [b.  Mar.  8,  1793  or  91 ;  d.  Nov.  10,  1837] ;  (2) 
1838,  Elizabeth  Perham  of  Boston.  He  was  a  leather  dealer 
in  Boston,  and  a  leather  cushion  maker  in  Cambridge.  He 
had  seven  children,  of  whom  most  died  young. 

14.  iv.      Polly,  b.  June  19,  1798;  m.  Apr.   12,   1819,  William  Merriam 

of  Princeton,  Mass.     Five  children. 

15.  v.       John  Walker,  b.  Aug.  4,  1800;  m.  May  9,  1826,  Susan,  dau. 

of  Isaac  and  Elizabeth  (Hartwell)  Wood  of  Rindge  [b. 
1792;  d.  1873].     Res.  in  Keene,  where  he  was  a  deacon. 

16.  vi.      Elizabeth,  b.  Nov.  7,  1802;  m.  Sept.  26,  1833,  John  Evans,  a 

farmer  in  New  York,  Indiana,  and  Florida.     Two  children. 

17.  vii.     Sarah,  b.  Nov.  6,   1804;   m.  Jan.  25,  1825,  Emory  Conant,  a 

farmer  of  Sudbury,  Mass.     Six  children. 

18.  viii.   Anna  W.,    (first  named  Ruth,  but  legally  changed,)   b.  Mar. 

27,  1807;  d.  Jan.  9,  1844;  m.  Aug.  28,  1832,  Jonathan  Rand 
of  Keene.     Three  children. 




The  early  ancestral  line  of  this  family  is  not  easily  determined,  as 
the  apparently  reliable  published  statements  are  somewhat  contradictory. 
But  the  following  facts  of  colonial  days  appear  to  be  satisfactorily  evi- 

John*  Blanchard,  b.  in  England;  d.  1693/4;  m.  (1)  about  1657, 
Elizabeth,  dau.  of  Joseph  and  Rose  (Clark)  Hills  [bapt.  Oct.  21,  1627;  d. 
about  1662]  ;  (2)  Hannah,  dau.  of  Richard  and  Alive  Brackett,  and  widow 
of  Samuel  Kingsley  [b.  or  bapt.  Jan.  4,  1633/4;  d.  July  3,  1706].  He  res. 
in  Charlestown,  Chelmsford,  and  Dunstable.     He  was  a  deacon. 

Thomas'  (John*),  b.  1668;  d.  Mar.  9,  1727;  m.  (1)  Feb.  13,  1688/9, 
Tabitha,  dau.  of  Michael  and  Isabel  Lepingwell  [b.  May  18,  1661;  d.  Nov. 
29,  1696];  (2)  Oct.  4,  1698,  Ruth,  dau.  of  Peletiah'  Adams  (Thomas*, 
Henry*)    [b.  Mar.  8,  1673]. 

Joseph^  (John*),  b.  Nov.  1,  1672;  d.  1727;  m.  May  25,  1696,  Abiah, 
dau.  of  Joseph  Hassell  [b.  about  1676;  d.  Dec.  8,  1746].  He  was  a  leading 
man  in  Dunstable,  and  bore  the  title  of  captain. 

William'  (Thomas',  John*),  b.  Sept.  5,  1714;  d.  Feb.  17,  1805;  m. 
Feb.  28,  1733/4,  Deliverance,  probably  dau.  of  Nathaniel  and  Lydia  Parker 
[b.  July  28,  1714] ;  but  possibly  dau.  of  Samuel  Searles  of  Dunstable,  and 

widow  of  Parker.     Res.   in  Dunstable   and  in  Litchfield.     He   was 

taken  prisoner  by  the  Indians,  while  in  service  at  the  Ashuelot  garrison, 
and  was  held  some  months. 

1.  Joseph^  (Joseph-,  John^),  b.  Feb.  11,  1704;  d.  Apr.  7, 
1758;  m.  Sept.  26,  1728,  Rebecca  Hubbard,  dau.  of  Major  Jona- 
than and  Rebecca  (Brown)  [b.  Feb.  11,  1710/11;  d.  Apr.  17, 
1774].  Although  he  was  never  an  actual  resident  in  New 
Ipswich,  he  was  so  closely  connected  with  its  early  history 
that  he  rightly  has  a  place  in  this  record.  As  agent  of  the 
Masonian  Proprietors  he  signed  the  Masonian  Charter  giving 
title  to  the  land.  He  was  owner  of  one  of  the  63  original 
rights  and  was  the  first  treasurer  of  the  Proprietors  of  the 
town.  Very  probably  he  might  have  had  a  part  in  its  develop- 
ment but  for  his  death  a  few  years  later.     He  was  a  colonel. 

2.  Simeon*  (William^  Thomas^,  John^),  b.  Groton,  Mass., 
June  11,  1747;  d.  June  22,  1822;  m.  Feb.  28,  1776,  Elizabeth, 
dau.  of  John  and  Elizabeth  Shattuck  [b.  about  1752;  d.  Feb. 
9,  1844].  He  settled  in  New  Ipswich  a  little  before  his  mar- 
riage, and  bought  a  farm  upon  the  Massachusetts  line  (84, 
A.  D.,)  where  he  passed  his  life.  He  served  a  few  days  in  the 
company  of  Capt.  Silas  Wright  of  Stoddard  which  marched 
upon  one  of  the  Ticonderoga  alarms  in  1777.     Children : 

3.  i.        Simeon,  b.  Nov.  25,  1776.-]- 

4.  ii.       Betsey,  b.  Nov.  25,  1778;  m.  Sept.  6,  1797,  Simeon  Wright. 

5.  iii.     Levi,  b.  Dec.  17,  1780.+ 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

6.  iv.      Louisa,  b.  Jan.  1,  1783;  m.  Jan.  22,  1805,  Isaiah  Wright. 

7.  V.       Sarah,  b.  July  24,   1785;   d.  Jan.   18,   1859,  unm.     Res.  New 


8.  vi.      William,  b.  May  3,  1788.+ 

9.  vii.    James,  b.  Apr.  29,  1790.+ 

10.  viii.    Charlotte,  b.  Aug.  16,  1792;  m.  Dec.  12,  1815,  David  Whitney. 

Res.  Ashby,  Mass.  Children :  i.  James  N.  Whitney,  ii. 
Lucius  M.  Whitney,  iii.  George  S.  Whitney,  iv.  Mary  C. 
Whitney,     v.  Harriet  M.  Whitney,     vi.  Charles  E.  Whitney. 

3.  Simeon^  (Simeon*,  William^,  Thomas^  John^),  b.  Nov. 
26,  1776;  m.  Submit  Winship.  He  settled  in  Roxbury,  N.  H. 
Children : 

11.  i.  HoSEA,  b.  Mar.  20,  1801. 

12.  ii.  Charles  G. 

13.  iii.  Nancy. 

14.  iv.  Susan. 

15.  V.  Sarah. 

16.  vi.  Amos  M. 

17.  vii.  Joseph  Winship,  b.  Dec.  21,  1822. 

5.  Levi^  (Simeon^  William^,  Thomas^,  John^),  b.  Dec.  17, 
1780;  d.  Mar.  12,  1857;  m.  Apr.  16,  1807,  Hannah,  dau.  of 
Kendall  and  Hannah  Nichols  [b.  Jan.  28,  1791;  d.  Oct.  28, 
1871].  At  about  the  age  of  twenty-five  years  he  settled  in 
the  western  part  of  Sharon,  where  he  had  a  sawmill  for  twenty 
years  or  more,  returning  to  New  Ipswich  in  1829,  and  after  a 
brief  residence  near  Kidder  Mountain  (N.  D.  55,)  he  settled 
in  the  Pratt  Pond  region,  living  for  several  years  upon  the 
farm  at  the  end  of  the  road  just  east  from  the  pond,  (XV:  3, 
S.  R.,)  and  afterward  with  his  son  Gilman,  one  lot  farther  to 
the  north.     Children : 

18.  i.        Betsy,  b.  June  5,  1809;  m.  Oct.  31,  1833,  Nathan  Stone  (26). 

19.  ii.       Marinda,  b.  Mar.  8,  1812;  m.  Dec.  24,  1835,  Lebanon  Brown 

(T.  87). 

20.  iii.     Elvira,  b.   July  21,   1814;   d.  Jan.  3,   1876;   m.   Dec.  4,   1834, 

George  W.  Wheeler  (64). 

21.  iv.      Gilman,  b.  May  4,  1817.+ 

22.  V.       Hannah,  b.  Aug.  20,  1819;  m.  Apr.  6,  1848,  Hosea  Snow  of 

Keene.     Child :     i.  Francella  Maria  Snow. 

23.  vi.      Levi  Monroe,  b.  June  16,  1822.+ 

24.  vii.      Clarissa,  b.  July  29,  1824;  d.  Apr.  7,  1895;  m.  May  2,  1851, 

Elijah   Edwards   of   Natick,   Mass.     Children:     i.   Franklin 
Elijah  Edwards,     ii.  William  Alfred  Edwards. 

25.  viii.   Julia  Ann,  b.  Sept.  17,  1827;  d.  Mar.  31,  1845. 

26.  ix.     Horace  Kendall,  b.  June  9,  1830.-|- 

27.  X.       Charles  Rodney,  b.  June  10,  1832.+ 

28.  xi.     SopHRONiA,  b.  Aug.  22,  1835. 









8.  William^  (Simeon*,  William^,  Thomas^,  John^),  b.  May 
3.  1788;  d.  Mar.  31,  1869;  m.  Susan  Farnsworth  (19)  [b.  about 
1787;  d.  Dec.  23,  1873].  He  passed  his  life  as  a  farmer,  suc- 
ceeding to  his  father's  farm.    Children  : 

29.  i.        Louisa,  b.  July  14,  1811;  m.   (1)  Austin  Dinsmore;   (2)  

Johnson;  (3)  Jonathan  Sherwin.  Children:  \.  Maria  Dins- 
more,  ii.  George  A.  Dinsmore.  iii.  Mary  Jane  Dinsmore. 
iv.  Louisa,  d.  young. 

30.  ii.       Susan,  b.  Jan.  29,   1813;   d.  Jan.  29,   1846;  m.   May  7,   1833, 

Webster  Reed.  Res.  at  Maiden,  Mass.  Children :  i. 
Charles  Reed.     ii.  George  Reed. 

31.  iii.      Harriet  Maria,  b.  Oct.  2,  1814;  d.  Sept.  7,  1900;  m.  Sept.  29, 

1836,  John  C.  Hildreth   (10). 
William  Hale,  b.  Feb.  8,  1816.+ 
Eben  H.,  b.  Apr.  11,  1818;  d.  Aug.  7,  1819. 
Mary  Ann,  b.  Dec.   19,   1819;  d.  Aug.  27,   1853;  m.  William 

Billings.     She   lived   in   Worcester.     Children :     i.    William 

Billings,     ii.  Clarence  Billings. 

35.  vii.     Andros  J.,  b.  Apr.  15,  1821;  d.  Mar.  2,  1907;  m.  1856,  Eliza- 

beth, widow  of  Hiram  Shepard  of  Worcester,  Mass.  He 
left  his  home  at  the  age  of  nineteen  and  was  engaged  in  the 
manufacture  of  shoes  at  Hartford,  Ct.,  Albion,  N.  Y.,  and 
Worcester,  Mass.,  successively  until  1866,  when  he  returned 
to  his  native  town,  and  passed  his  remaining  years  on  the 
farm  of  his  boyhood. 

36.  viii.    AsENATH  Taylor,  b.  Oct.  28,  1822;  d.  Mar.  12,  1914;  m.  June 

5,  1844,  Richard  H.  Davis   (107). 

37.  ix.      Henry  C,  b.   Mar.  5,   1824;   m.   1847,  Sarah  Jane  Emory   [b. 

Sept.   20,    1824;    d.   Aug.   26,    1902].     He   was   a  farmer   at 

Sherman,  Wis.  Children :  i.  Ernest  D.  ii.  Edith,  m. 
C.  G.  Sedgwick. 

38.  X.       George  H.,  b.  Nov.  3,  1825;  m.  Vianna  L.  Wood.  He  was  a 

machinist  in  Worcester,  Mass.  Children :  i.  George ;  he 
is   a  provision   dealer   in   Worcester,     ii.  Emma. 

39.  xi.      Lurena   B.,  b.  Jan.  20,    1829;   d.   Sept.  24,   1863;   m.   Kendall 

Bailey.  Res.  Templeton  and  Gardner,  Mass.  Children :  i. 
Ada  Bailey,     ii.  George  K.  Bailey;  res.  in  Boston. 

9.  James^  (Simeon*,  William^  Thomas-,  John^),  b.  Apr.  29, 
1790;  m.  June,  1822,  Lydia  Brown  of  Ashby.  He  lived  in 
Peterboro.    Children : 

40.  i.  Nancy. 

41.  ii.  Jason. 

42.  iii.  Joseph. 

43.  iv.  Maria,  d.  Feb.  7,  1859;  m.  Horace  Davis  (98). 

44.  V.  Elizabeth. 

45.  vi.  Myron. 

46.  vii.  Caroline. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

21.  Oilman®  (Levi^,  Simeon*,  William^,  Thomas-,  John^), 
b.  May  4,  1817;  d.  Mar.  28,  1894;  m.  Jan.  2,  1844,  Sarah  Eliza- 
beth Wheeler  (40).  He  passed  his  life  as  a  farmer  on  XV:  2, 
S.  R.,  where  he  also  had  a  sawmill.    Children : 

47.  i.        Julia  E.,  b.  July  26,  1845;  d.  May  1,  1847. 

48.  ii.       George  Gilman,  b.  May  13,  1849;  d.  Aug.  14,  1872. 

49.  iii.     Emma   L.,  b.   Jan.   12,   1858;   m.    (1)    Jan.  31,   1876.   Fred  A. 

Wheeler   (167),  from  whom  she  was  separated  by  divorce; 

(2)  Sept.  15,  1893,  George  H.  Woodward  [d.  Dec.  26,  1896]  ; 

(3)  Feb.  20,  1901,  Freeman  S.  Tucker  [d.  June  1,  1903]. 
Three  children. 

50.  iv.      Carrie  M.  H.,  b.  June  19,  1862;  m.  Apr.  16,  1884,  Herbert  W. 

Chandler  (122). 

51.  V.       Guy  Clifford,  b.  Feb.  21,  1868.+ 

23.  Levi  Monroe®  (Levi^,  Simeon*,  William^  Thomas^ 
John^),  b.  June  16,  1822;  d.  June  15,  1893;  m.  Apr.  22.  1845, 
Eliza  Nutting,  dau.  of  EzekieP  [b.  Dec.  5,  1819;  d.  Apr.  1, 
1891].  He  lost  one  arm  while  a  young  man  by  an  accident 
in  the  shop  in  which  he  was  working,  but  still  supported  him- 
self and  family  by  agricultural  and  mechanical  labor  in  New 
Ipswich  and  Ashby.     Children  : 

52.  i.        George  Monroe,  b.  Dec.  15,  1849.+ 

53.  ii.       Herbert  J.,  b.  June  5,  1856.-J- 

26.  Horace  Kendall*'  (Levi^  Simeon*,  William.^  Thomas-, 
John^),  b.  June  9,  1830;  d.  Nov.  23,  1899;  m.  (1)  Nov.  2,  1856, 
Mary  Ellen,  dau.  of  Jacob  and  Martha  Pufifer  of  Leominster, 
Mass.  [d.  Feb.  20,  1888]  ;  (2)  Sept.  23,  1889,  Mary  J.  Cochran 
of  Clinton,  Mass.    Children  : 

54.  i.        Mary    Frances,   b.    Aug.   29,    1858;    m.    Feb.    10,    1879,   John 

Trimble  of  Clinton,  Mass.  Children:  i.  Frederick  Elmon 
Trimble;  he  died  while  returning  from  service  in  the  Cuban 
War.  ii.  Walter  Henry  Trimble,  iii.  Albert  Everett  Trim- 
ble,   iv.  Mabel  Frances  Trimble,    v.  Elmer  Trimble. 

55.  ii.       Arthur  Horace,  b.  June  8,  1859.-1- 

56.  iii.      Cora  Adelia,  b.  Aug.  12,  1863;  m.  Nov.  28,  1888,  William  H. 

Benson  of  Clinton,  Mass.  Children:  i.  George  Edward 
Benson,     ii.  Arthur  Frederick  Benson. 

57.  iv.      Carrie  Bernice,  b.  Nov.  21,  1870;  m.  Nov.  6,  1889,  Myron  F. 

Scott  of  Clinton,  Mass.  Children :  i.  Harold  Floyd  Scott. 
ii.  Bernice  Marion  Scott. 

27.  Charles  Rodney^  (Levi^  Simeon*,  William^  Thomas^, 
JohnO,  b.  June  10,  1832;  d.  Apr.  13,  1908;  m.  May  2,  1858, 
Matilda  Miller  [d.  Jan.  25,  1907].  He  lived  in  Rindge  and  in 
Ashby.    Child: 

58.  i.        Charles  M.,  b.  East  Rindge,  May  13,  1864.+ 



32.  William  Hale«  (William^,  Simeon*,  William^ 
Thomas^  John^),  b.  Feb.  8,  1816;  d.  Nov.  1,  1859;  m.  1839, 
Hannah  Conrey  [b.  about  1815;  d.  July  16,  1866].  He  was 
a  machinist  at  Nashua  in  his  early  manhood,  but  in  1845  he 
returned  to  his  native  town  and  passed  his  remaining  life 
upon  the  paternal  farm,  except  four  years  during  which  he 
lived  at  Smithville  in  the  most  easterly  house  in  the  village 
upon  the  road  to  Gibson  Village.     Children : 

59.  i.        Josephine,  b.  Nashua,  Sept.  17,  1841;  d.  Dec.  16,  1854. 

60.  ii.       Edwin  Franklin,  b.  Feb.  18,  1845. + 

61.  iii.      Jennie  H.,  b.  Sept.  7,  1854;  m.  Jan.  1,  1877,  William  Rayner. 

She  has  lived  at  Andover,  Neponset,  and  Newton.  Chil- 
dren :  i.  William  A.  Rayner.  ii.  Edwin  R.  Rayner.  iii. 
Fred  I.  Rayner.  iv.  Harry  W.  Rayner.  v.  George  F.  Ray- 
ner.   vi.  Herbert  C.  Rayner. 

62.  iv.      Susan  J.,  b.  Apr.  13,  1858;  d.  Apr.  16,  1863. 

51.  Guy  Clifford^  (Gilman*^,  Levi°,  Simeon*,  William^ 
Thomas^,  John^,  b.  Feb.  21,  1868;  m.  Nov.  28,  1889,  Ida  L.  A. 
Partridge.    He  lives  at  Smithville.    Children: 

63.  i.  Grace  E.,  b.  Apr.  19,  1894. 

64.  ii.  Helen  L.,  b.  Dec.  14,  1895. 

65.  iii.  James  M.,  b.  Dec.  19,  1897. 

66.  iv.  Inez,  b.  Oct.  13,  1901. 

52.  George  Monroe^  (Levi  Monroe*',  Levi^  Simeon*,  Wil- 
lianl^  Thomas^,  John^),  b.  Dec.  15,  1849;  m.  1872,  Hattie  E. 
Lawrence  of  Ashby,  Mass.  [d.  Feb.  18,  1904].  He  lives  in 
Ashby.     Children : 

67.  i.  George  Levi,  b.  July  12,  1873. 

68.  ii.  Fred  Monroe,  b.  Dec.  23,  1876. 

69.  iii.  Amos  Andrew,  b.  Dec.  12,  1879. 

70.  iv.  Cora  Martha,  b.  Mar.  17,  1884;  d.  Jan.  15,  1904. 

71.  V.  Grace  Amanda,  b.  Oct.  8,  1889. 

53.  Herbert  J.^  (Levi  Monroe",  Levi^  Simeon*,  William^ 
Thomas^,  John^),  b.  June  5,  1856;  m.  Lizzie  Booth  of  Ashby. 
Children : 

72.  i.        Nelson  Herbert,  b.  Aug.  5,  1875. 

73.  ii.       Francella  Eliza,  b.  Mar.  15,  1877. 

74.  iii.      Horace  Levi,  b.  Jan.  14,  1879. 

75.  iv.      LiNNiE  Etta,  b.  Jan.  23,  1881. 

76.  V.       Elmer,  b.  June  18,  1885. 

55.  Arthur  Horace"  (Horace  K.«,  Levi%  Simeon*,  Wil- 
liam^  Thomas-^  John^),  b.  June  8,  1859;  m.  Isabella  Colton. 
He  lives  at  Clinton,  Mass.    Children  : 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

11.  i.  Mary  Ellen,  b.  Aug.  30,  1881 ;  d.  Jan.  25,  1886. 

78.  ii.  Cora  Bernice,  b.  Jan.  10,  1884. 

79.  iii.  William  Colter,  b.  Oct.  4,  1889. 

80.  iv.  Arthur  Perley,  b.  July  12,  1892. 

58.  Charles  M.^  (Charles  R.^,  Levi^,  Simeon*,  William^ 
Thomas^  John^),  b.  May  13,  1864;  m.  Oct.  19,  1898,  Sarah  J. 
Gnider.     Res.  at  Natick,  Mass.     Children : 

81.  i.        Dorothy  Alice,  b.  Oct.  2,  1907. 

60.  Edwin  Franklin^  (William  Hale*^,  William^  Simeon*, 
WilIiam^  Thomas^,  John^),  b.  Feb.  18,  1845;  m.  Oct.  21,  1868, 
Mary  E.  Knowlton  (72).  He  succeeded  to  his  father's  home 
in  Smithville,  and  has  lived  there  except  during  a  few  years 
of  his  early  manhood.  He  also  occupies  the  shop  and  water- 
power  a  few  rods  above  the  Smithville  bridge,  where  he  has 
facilities  for  various  kinds  of  woodwork.  He  has  held  the 
office  of  selectman  for  several  years,  and  has  also  represented 
the  town  in  the  Legislature  and  in  Constitutional  Convention. 
He  served  in  the  Civil  War  for  a  year,  1864-65,  in  the  4th 
Massachusetts  Heavy  Artillery.     Children  : 

82.  i.        Susie  E.,  b.  July  25,  1869;  d.  July  6,  1903;  m.  Sept.  17,  1890, 

Elwood   E.    Livingston.     Res.   in   Fitchburg,   Mass.     Child: 
i.  Ruth  Harriet  Livingston,  b.  July  6,  1892. 

83.  ii.       Edith  A.,  b.  Mar.   1,  1874;  m.   1897,  Charles  W.  Woodward. 

Res.  in  Fitchburg,  Mass.     Child :     i.  Mildred  Mary  Wood- 
ward, b.  Apr.  24,  1898. 

84.  iii.      Alice  M.,  b.  Feb.  22,,  1877;  m.  Oct.  28,  1897,  Charles  Hardy. 

Res.  at  Concord  Junction,  Mass. 


Thomas^  Bliss,  of  Belstone  parish,  Devonshire,  England,  b.  1550-60; 
d.  1635-40.  He  was  a  Puritan,  ruined  in  health  and  estate  by  the  perse- 
cution of  Archbishop  Laud. 

Jonathan"  (Thomas^),  b.  at  Belstone,  1575-80;  d.  1635-36.  He  was 
a  victim  of  the  same  persecution  as  his  father,  and  died  from  a  fever 
contracted  while  in  prison. 

Thomas'*  (Jonathan^,  Thomas^),  b.  at  Belstone;  d.  Rehoboth,  Mass., 
June,  1649;  m.  probably  a  widow  Ide  (or  Hyde).  He  came  to  America 
in  1636,  and  having  landed  at  Boston,  went  to  Braintree,  Mass.,  thence 
to  Hartford,  Conn.,  and  then  back  to  Weymouth,  before  settling  with 
others  at  Rehoboth  in  1643. 

Jonathan''  (Thomas^  Jonathan^  Thomas'),  b.  about  1625;  d.  about 
1687;  m.  Miriam  Harmon.  He  probably  came  to  America  with  his  father. 
He  was  a  blacksmith  at  Rehoboth. 

Jonathan^  (Jonathan*,  Thomas',  Jonathan^  Thomas^,  b.  Rehoboth, 
Sept.,  1666;  d.  Oct.  16,  1719;  m.   (1)  June  23,  1691,  Miriam  Carpenter  [b. 



Oct.  24,  1674;  d.  May  23,  1706] ;  (2)  Apr.  10,  1711,  Mary  French  of  Reho- 
both.     He  was  a  blacksmith  and  a  leading  citizen  of  his  native  town. 

Ephraim'  (Jonathan^,  Jonathan",  Thomas^  Jonathan^  Thomas'),  b. 
Rehoboth,  Aug.  15,  1699;  m.  Dec,  1723,  Rachel  Carpenter.  He  held  a 
lieutenant's  commission. 

Abadial'  (Ephraim*,  Jonathan^  Jonathan*,  Thomas^  Jonathan^ 
Thomas'),  b.  Dec.  IS,  1740;  d.  Calais,  Vt.,  June  10,  1805;  m.  Nov.  6,  1759, 
Lydia  Smith  of  Rehoboth  [b.  1740;  d.  Mar.  27,  1820].  He  was  a  farmer 
in  Rehoboth,  and  also  at  Calais,  whither  he  removed  about  1798.  He 
represented  Calais  in  the  legislature. 

Abadial'  (Abadial',  Ephraim^  Jonathan^  Jonathan\  Thomas',  Jona- 
than', Thomas'),  b.  Rehoboth,  July  8,  1768;  m.  Jan.  20,  1785,  Sybil  Whea- 
ton  [b.  Feb.  28,  1755;  d.  June  13,  1850].  He  remained  in  his  native  town, 
not  removing  with  the  rest  of  his  father's  family  to  Vermont. 

1.  James  Wheaton^  (AbadiaP,  Abadial^,  Ephraim®,  Jona- 
than^, Jonathan*,  Thomas^,  Jonathan^,  Thomas^),  b.  Rehoboth, 
Nov.  8,  1792;  d.  June  17,  1867;  m.  July  27,  1817,  Dolly  Claflin 
[b.  Rome,  N.  Y.,  Mar.  14,  1798;  d.  May  16,  1870].  He  came 
to  New  Ipswich  in  1821  and  settled  in  Bank  Village,  where 
he  was  a  machinist  and  carpenter.  He  built  himself  a  house 
upon  the  north  side  of  the  main  road,  it  being-  the  second  house 
northerly  from  the  brick  bank  building.  This  was  his  home 
until  his  death  and  has  since  been  occupied  by  his  descendants. 
He  was  a  skilful  and  trustworthy  mechanic  in  largely  varied 
lines  of  work,  as  is  evidenced  by  his  long-continued  connection 
with  the  cotton  factories.  He  superintended  the  erection  of 
three  of  the  factories  upon  the  Souhegan,  the  "Waterloom," 
now  standing  unused  in  the  Bank  Village,  the  "Souhegan," 
standing  until  its  destruction  by  fire  in  1838  on  the  site  of  the 
present  Columbian  factory  below  the  High  Bridge,  and  the 
first  of  the  factories  of  the  same  company  at  Greenville. 
Nearly  all  of  the  machinery  in  those  mills  was  made  by  him 
or  under  his  inspection  in  the  machine  shop  connected  with 
the  "Waterloom"  mill,  and  he  was  manager  of  all  those  mills 
until  a  division  of  such  duties  in  1835.    Children : 

2.  i.        Mary  B.,  b.  Nov.  19,  1819;  d.  in  infancy. 

3.  ii.       Harriet  Newell,  b.  Nov.  1,  1821;  d.  Feb.  26,  1907;  m.  Aug. 

30,  1842,  Dr.  Jeoffard  E.  Goldsmith  [b.  Wilton,  June  14, 
1817;  d.  Sept.  28,  1843].  He  had  taken  his  medical  degree 
at  Harvard  Medical  School,  and  had  settled  in  Rindge,  but 
his  brief  practice  was  closed  by  a  fatal  illness.  She  re- 
turned to  New  Ipswich  and  was  a  successful  teacher  for 
many  years,  and  the  same  is  true  of  her  only  child,  Anna 
Augusta  Goldsmith,  who  was  also  one  of  the  first  women  to 
receive  election  as  a  member  of  the  school  board  of  the 



History  of  New  Ipswich 

4.  iii.     Sarah  Claflin,  b.  Mar.  24,  1824;  d.  Nov.  23,  1895;  m.  Oct. 

12,  1853,  Andrew  Henry,  an  engineer  on  the  Fitchburg 
railroad  for  more  than  thirty  years  [b.  Worcester,  Mass., 
Oct.  22,  1821].  Children:  i.  James  Wheaton  Henry,  b.  Sept. 
25,  1854;  d.  Nov.  26,  1911;  he  graduated  from  Dartmouth 
College  in  1878,  and  was  a  teacher  in  Missouri  and  Cali- 
fornia, ii.  Anne  Claflin  Henry,  b.  Dec.  11,  1856;  d.  June  2, 
1858.  iii.  William  Claflin  Henry,  b.  Mar.  6,  1859;  he  is  treas- 
urer and  manager  of  the  Waltham  Clock  Co. 

5.  iv.     James  Wheaton,  b.  Mar.  1,  1826;  d.  Mar.  29,  1826. 

6.  V.       Martha  Ann,  b.  June  29,  1828;  d.  Oct.  28,  1828. 

7.  vi.      George  Barrett,  b.  July  12,  1830;  d.  Temple,  Feb.  9,  1888.    He 

was  a  machinist. 

8.  vii.     James  Henry,  b.  Sept.  27,  1834;  d.  Jan.  29,  1888;  m.  Oct.  31, 

1874,  Elvira  L.  Lane.  Children:  i.  Anna  Sophronia,  b.  July 
23,  1875;  d.  Dec.  23,  1875.  ii.  James  Henry  Wheaton,  b.  Nov. 
3,  1876. 


James'  Blood,  d.  Dec.  17,  1683;  m.  Ellen  [d.  Aug.  1,  1674].    He 

is  said  to  have  come  from  England  and  to  have  settled  in  Concord,  Mass., 
about  1638,  and  to  have  made  that  place  his  home  until  his  death. 

Richard^  (James'),  d.  Dec.  7,  1638.  He  was  a  prominent  original 
proprietor  of  Groton,  Mass.,  holding  the  offices  of  selectman  and  town 

Robert'  (James'),  d.  Oct.  27,  1701;  m.  Apr.  8,  1653,  Elizabeth,  dau. 
of  Maj.  Simon  Willard  of  Concord  [d.  Aug.  29,  1692].  He  was  a  large 
landowner  in  that  part  of  Concord,  Mass.,  which  is  now  Carlisle. 

James"    (Richard',  James'),  d.   Sept.   16,   1692;  m.    (1)    Sept.  7,   1669, 

Elizabeth  Longley;   (2)  after  1675,  Abigail .     Res.  Groton,  Mass.     He 

was  killed  by  the  Indians. 

Josiah''  (Robert-,  James'),  b.  Apr.  6,  1664;  d.  July  2,  1731;  m.  (1) 
March  4,  1688,  Mary  Barrett;  (2)  Feb.  3,  1690/2,  Mary  Tory.  Res.  Con- 
cord, Mass. 

John'  (James',  Richard',  James'),  b.  March  16,  1689;  d.  Aug.  23, 
1758;  m.  July  13,  1712,  Joanna  Nutting.    Res.  Groton,  Mass. 

Stephen*  (Josiah',  Robert',  James'),  b.  Feb.  22,  1703/4;  m.  Mary 
.     Res.  Concord. 

Caleb'  (John\  James',  Richard',  James'),  b.  Nov.  23,  1734;  d.  Dec. 
9,  1804;  m.  (1)  Nov.  1,  1753,  Hannah  Holden  [b.  July  6,  1735;  d.  Sept.  1, 
1773];  (2)  March  3,  1774,  Elizabeth  Farnsworth  [d.  Dec.  9,  1819].  Res. 
Groton,  Mass. 

Francis'  (Stephen',  Josiah',  Robert',  James'),  b.  March  18,  1735/6;  m. 
Elizabeth  Spaulding  of  Pepperell,  Mass.  He  removed  from  his  native 
town.  Concord,  Mass.,  in  1763,  and  settled  in  Temple,  where  he  passed 
his  life,  acquiring  a  large  property  for  those  days,  holding  nearly  every 
office  in  the  gift  of  the  town,  sitting  in  the  Senate  and  Council  of  the 
state,  and  holding  a  commission  as  brigadier-general. 

Timothy"  (Caleb',  John',  James',  Richard',  James'),  b.  Sept.  8,  1778; 
m.  Nov.  15,  1798,  Sibbel,  dau.  of  Levi  and  Sibbel  (Gibson)  Woods  of 
Pepperell,  Mass.  [b.  Apr.  23,  1777;  d.  July  28,  1812].    Res.  Groton,  Mass. 


Ephraim'  (Francis",  Stephen*,  Josiah',  Robert''",  James'),  b.  Mar.  6, 
1779;  m.  (1)  Patty,  dau.  of  Oliver  Whiting  of  Temple  [b.  Feb.  13,  1780; 
d.  Jan.  17,  1800] ;  (2)  Apr.  6,  1802,  Rebecca,  dau.  of  Caleb  Maynard  of 
Temple;   (3)  Goldsmith.     Res.  Temple. 

Ephraim  Whiting'  (Ephraim^  Francis',  Stephen',  Josiah',  Robert' 
James^),  b.  July  26,  1799;  d.  Dec.  29,  1837;  m.  (1)  June  8,  1828,  Fanny,' 
dau.  of  Oliver  Whiting,  Jr.,  of  Temple  [b.  Mar.  17,  1807;  d.  July  18,  1830] ; 
(2)  June  2,  1835,  Lavinia  Ames  (5).     Res.  Temple. 

1.  Calvin^    (Timothy^    Caleb^    John*,    James^,    Richard^, 

James^),  b.  Sept.  10,  1806;  d.  Nov.  2,  1894;  m.  (1)  ;  (2) 

Caroline,  dau.  of  Stephen  and  Asenath  (Shedd)  Woods  of 
Pepperell,  Mass.  [b.  Aug.  1,  1814;  d.  March  20,  1895].  He 
came  to  New  Ipswich  about  1858  and  settled  upon  the  Abijah 
Smith  farm,  (34,  N.  D.,)  where  he  passed  his  life.     Children: 

2.  i.        Luther,  b.  March  20,   1836;  m.    (1)  Walker;    (2)   . 

Res.  South  Easton,  Mass.    Three  sons  of  first  marriage. 

3.  ii.       Elizabeth,  m.  James  Hitchings.     Res.  Groton,  Mass. 

4.  iii.      Sarah,  m.  Luther  Blodgett.     Seven  children. 

5.  iv.      Calvin,   m.    Nov.   22,    1864,    Nettie    E.    Wright   of    Pepperell, 

Mass.    Res.  Ayer,  Mass. 

6.  V.       Stephen  Dana,  b.  Dec,  1842. + 

7.  vi.      Albert,  b.  May  28,  1845.+ 

6.  Stephen  Dana^  (Calvin^,  Timothy*',  Caleb^,  John^ 
James^  Richard^,  James^),  b.  Dec,  1842;  m.  Nov.  27,  1867, 
Jennie  E.  Withington.     Res.  New  Ipswich.     Children : 

9.  i.        Orange  Adams,  b.  June  16,  1869;  d.  Oct.  21,  1869. 

10.  ii.       Alice  Cordelia,  b.  Oct.  8,  1870;  m.  May  25,  1891,  Andrew  H. 

Willard,  Jr.  (14). 

11.  iii.  Henry  Herbert,  b.  Apr.  5,  1873;  d.  Aug.  25,  1876. 

12.  iv.  Gilbert  Calvin,  b.  Nov.  19,  1874. 

13.  V.  Caroline  Isabel,  b.  Dec.  29,  1876. 

14.  vi.  Eugene  Nelson,  b.  June  13,  1879. 

15.  vii.  Waldo,  b.  May  30,  1881. 

16.  viii.  Oscar,  b.  Oct.  8,  1884. 

17.  ix.  Mabel   Elsie,   b.   Jan.    12,    1887;    m.    Dec.   8,    1908,   C.   Alvah 


18.  X.       Edith  May,  b.  Sept.  21,  1891. 

7.  Albert^  (Calvin'^,  Timothy*',  Caleb^,  John*,  James^, 
Richard^  James^),  b.  May  28,  1845;  m.  Sept.  12,  1872,  Sarah 
Jane,  dau.  of  Albert  Taylor  [b.  Jan.  20,  1852].  Res.  New 
Ipswich.     Children : 

19.  i.       George  A.,  b.  May  12,  1875;  d.  Sept.  12,  1897. 

20.  ii.       Charles   A.,   b.    Oct.   25,    1877;    m.   Oct.    11,   1899,   Lottie   A. 

Thompson  of  Fitzwilliam.    He  is  a  clerk  in  Fitchburg,  Mass. 
Six  children. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

8.  Henry  Ames^  (Ephraim  W/,  Ephraim*',  Francis^, 
Stephen*,  Josiah^,  Robert-,  James^),  b.  June  7,  1836;  d.  Dec. 
30,  1900;  m.  (1)  August  15,  1862,  Mary  Jane  Marshall  (7); 
(2)  Oct.  14,  1880,  Mary  Ellen  Miller  of  Salem,  Mass.  [b.  about 
1842;  d.  Aug.,  1905].  He  passed  his  youth  with  his  mother 
in  New  Ipswich,  preparing  for  college  at  Appleton  Academy. 
He  then  entered  Dartmouth,  graduating  in  1857.  The  follow- 
ing years  were  devoted  to  writing  the  History  of  Temple, 
published  in  1860.  After  teaching  for  two  years  he  removed 
to  Washington,  D.  C,  where  he  passed  the  remainder  of  his 
life,  being  for  many  years  a  clerk  in  the  State  Department.  He 
was  favorably  known  as  a  writer,  especially  of  short  poems. 

21.  i.        Royal  Henry,  b.  July  29,  1884;  d.  Oct.  18,  1892. 


1.  James^  Bolton,  b.  about  1804;  d.  Mar.  21,  1874;  m. 
Margaret  McGregor  [b.  about  1810;  d.  Mar.  27,  1874].  He 
lived  in  Paisley,  Scotland,  where  he  was  a  weaver  of  Paisley 
cashmere  shawls.  He  came  to  America  with  his  wife  and 
younger  children  in  1859,  his  older  sons  having  come,  one  by 
one,  somewhat  earlier.  They  settled  at  the  High  Bridge  Vil- 
lage.    Children : 

2.  i.  Alexander,  b.  about  1835. -f 

3.  ii.  James,  b.  about  1837;  d.  young. 

4.  iii.  Charles  S.,  b.  about  1838.-|- 

5.  iv.  George  G.,  b.  about  1840.-i- 

6.  V.  John  S.,  b.  about  1843.+ 

7.  vi.  Margaret,  b.  about  1845;  m.  Henry  Wilkes.     Res.  Lawrence, 

Mass.     Four  children. 

8.  vii.    James,  b.  May  1,  1847.+ 

9.  viii.   Thomas  King,  b.  about  1849.-|- 

10.  ix.      Lizzie  K.,  b.  about  1851;  m.  Walter  Thorn,  an  artist  in  Bos- 


2.  Alexander^  (James^),  b.  about  1835;  d.  Dec,  1908;  m. 
Margaret  Bisland.  He  was  the  first  of  the  family  in  America, 
coming  about  1854,  and  working  for  a  time  in  the  Columbian 
mills,  but  later  removing  to  New  York  city,  where  he  was 
occupied  with  stoves  and  tinware  and  also  as  a  plumber. 
Children : 

11.  i.        William. 

12.  ii.      Cora. 



4.  Charles  S.^  (James^),  b.  about  1838;  d.  about  1905;  m. 
Abby  Eldredge  of  Bangor,  Me.  He  was  a  soldier  in  the  British 
army,  but  purchased  his  discharge  and  came  to  America  about 
1856.  He  was  for  a  time  a  machinist  at  Andover,  Mass.  He 
served  through  the  Civil  War  in  the  17th  Massachusetts  Regi- 
ment, and  was  crippled  for  life  in  one  of  the  last  battles.  He 
resided  in  Boston,  and  was  for  many  years  the  superintendent 
of  Faneuil  Hall.    Children  : 

13.  i.        A  son,  d.  young. 

14.  ii.       Fred  E.     Res.  in  Boston,  of  which  he  is  an  assessor. 

5.  George  G.^  (James^),  b.  about  1840;  m.  Lizzie  Sterling. 
He  was  a  teacher,  and  later  has  been  engaged  in  the  tuning 
department  of  the  Smith  Organ  Co.  Res.  at  Boston.  Four 

6.  John  S.^  (James^),  b.  about  1843;  m.  Nettie  Taylor.  He 
was  a  machinist  at  Lowell,  Mass.  He  removed  to  California 
in  1864,  and  lived  there  until  1906,  when  he  lost  his  life  in  the 
earthquake  of  that  year.    Children  : 

15.  i.        Walter,  d.  about  1900.    He  was  an  organist. 

8.  James^  (James^),  b.  May  1,  1847;  m.  June  10,  1870,  Mar- 
garet White  of  New  Brunswick  [b.  Feb.  8,  1846;  d.  Feb.  15, 
1910].  He  has  been  in  the  employ  of  the  Columbian  Co.,  ex- 
cept a  very  few  years,  since  his  arrival  in  America  in  1859. 
Children : 

16.  i.       James  Benjamin,  b.  Mar.  31,  1874;  unm.     He  was  a  drug- 

gist in  Ashland,  Ore.,  and  removed  thence  to  California. 
He  is  supposed  to  have  perished  in  the  earthquake  of  1906, 
as  nothing  has  been  heard  from  him  since  a  brief  time  be- 
fore that  event. 

17.  ii.       Oscar  King,  b.  July  18,  1877;  d.  May  22,  1908;  m.  (1)   May 

Richmond;  (2)  Maude  Laporte.  He  was  a  decorator  and 
paper  hanger  in  Boston.  Children,  one  of  each  marriage : 
i.  Raymond,    ii.  Mildred. 

9.  Thomas  King^  (James^),  b.  about  1849;  m.  Jan.  4,  1875, 
Lizzie  Brooks  (54).  He  is  a  druggist  and  jeweler  at  Ashland, 
Ore.    Children : 

18.  i.       Walter. 

19.  ii.      Winnifred, 

20.  iii.     Jean. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 


Joseph^  Boyce,  b.  about  1609;  d.   1684/5;  m.  Ellenor  [d.  about 

1694].  He  was  a  tanner  in  that  part  of  Salem,  Mass.,  which  is  now 

Joseph'  (Joseph'),  bapt.  Salem,  March  31,  1644;  d.  1709;  m.  Dec.  4, 
1667,  Sarah  Meacham.  He  was  a  tanner  and  succeeded  to  his  father's 

Joseph'  (Joseph^  Joseph'),  b.  about  1672;  d.  1723;  m.  about  1695, 
Rebecca  (Trask),  widow  of  Samuel  Potter  [m.  (2)  1731/2,  Benjamin 
Very  of  Salem].     He  was  a  tanner  and  miller  on  the  paternal  homestead. 

JoHN^  (Joseph^  Joseph^  Joseph'),  m.  Jan.  18,  1728,  Elisabeth  Osborne 
of  Salem.  He  continued  the  family  industry  of  tanning  for  a  time,  and 
then  became  a  seaman,  removing  to  Smithheld,  R.  I.  He  served  in  the 
French  and  Indian  War. 

Paul°  (John^  Joseph',  Joseph^  Joseph'),  b.  about  1736;  d.  1817;  m. 
(1)  Hannah  Staples  [d.  1803];  (2)  Phyllis,  widow  of  Nicholas  Cooke 
[b.  Oct.  31,  1738;  d.  March  21,  1815].  He  removed  from  Smithfield,  R.  I., 
to  Richmond,  where  he  was  a  large  landowner.  He  served  in  the  Revolu- 

Silas*  (Paur,  John^  Joseph',  Joseph^  Joseph'),  b.  Richmond,  Nov., 
1770;  d.  Oct.  1,  1818;  m.  1798,  Comfort,  dau.  of  Moses  Allen  [b.  about 
1774;  d.  Sept.  29,  1838].  He  succeeded  to  his  father's  farm.  He  studied 
medicine  and  was  called  doctor,  but  never  practiced. 

1.  Paul^  (Silas^  PauP,  John*,  Joseph^  Josepli^  Joseph^), 
b.  Richmond,  March  6,  1804;  d.  March  30,  1850;  m.  March  24, 
1829,  Hannah  Russell  Hannaford  [b.  Northfield,  Oct.  3,  1808; 
d.  Peterboro,  May  10,  1889].  In  early  manhood  he  came  to 
New  Ipswich  and  for  some  years  he  had  a  small  iron  foundry, 
trip-hammer,  etc.,  in  the  shop  formerly  standing  on  Saw  Mill 
Brook  at  the  south  end  of  the  Adams  lot  (21,  N.  D.)  Later 
he  was  engaged  in  the  manufacture  of  friction  matches  in  the 
building  formerly  facing  on  the  north  side  of  the  Village 
Green,  which  had  previously  been  the  hat  shop  of  Seth  King. 

Harriet  Newell,  b.  Apr.  20,  1830;  d.  March  14,  1860. 
Diana  Perky,  b.  Sept.  30,  1831;  m.  May  28,  1850,  George  W. 

Conant   (20). 
Silas,  b.  July  14,  1833.+ 
LucY  Jane,  b.   Sept.  24,   1835;   d.   Rindge,  Jan.   14,   1890;  m. 

George  W.  Cragin.     Five  children. 
Moses  Allen,  b.  Jan.  20,  1838;  d.  May  19,  1839. 
James    Lysander,   b.    June   9,    1840;    d.   Aug.   25,    1863.     He 
served  during  the  Civil  War  in  the  16th  New  Hampshire 
Regiment,  and  died  soon  after  reaching  his  home. 

8.  vii.    Jacob  Francis,  b.  Sept.  7,  1842;  d.  Oct.  20,  1843. 

9.  viii.   Charles  Allen,  b.  Feb.  21,  1847;  d.  July  15,  1876. 















4.  SiLAS«  (PauF,  Silas«,  PauI^  John*,  Joseph^,  Joseph^,  Jo- 
sephO,  b.  July  14,  1833;  d.  Washington,  D.  C,  May  23,  1910; 
m.  (1)  Sarah  A.,  dau.  of  Charles  and  Sarah  (Jones)  Baldwin 
[b.  Oct.  15,  1833;  d.  Dec.  20,  1893]  ;  (2)  Mrs.  Sarah  (Bartlett) 
Everson.    Children : 

10.  i.        Frederick  P.,  b.  1857;  d.  Oct.  10,  1858. 

11.  ii.       Harriet  Angeline,  b.  May  17,  1859;  d.  June  8,  1912;  m.  John 

W.   Cummings    (142). 

12.  iii.      Sarah  Almira,  b.  Dec.  5,  1861;  d.  Feb.  29,  1884;  m.  June  15 

1879,  John  F.  Hedge.    One  child. 

13.  iv.      Lydia  Josephine,  b.  July  28,  1868;  d.  Feb.  12,  1905;  m.  Oct. 

6,  1901,  Charles  H.  Williams. 


Thomas^  Boyden,  b.  about  1613;  m.    (1)   Frances  [d.  Mar.  17, 

1658];  (2)  Nov.  3,  1658,  Hannah  (Phillips),  widow  of  Joseph  Morse 
[d.  Oct.  3,  1676].  He  came  from  Ipswich,  Suffolk,  England,  and  lived 
successively  in  Scituate,  Boston,  Medfield,  Groton,  and  Watertown. 

Jonathan'  (Thomas'),  b.  Boston,  Feb.  20,  1652;  d.  May  30,  1732; 
m.   (1)   Sept.  26,  1673,  Mary,  dau.  of  Joseph  and  Abia  Clark  of  Medfield, 

Mass.  [b.  Mar.  12,  1649];   (2)  Anne  [d.  1735].     He  was  one  of  the 

early  settlers  of  Dedham  and  of  Medfield. 

Jonathan*  (Jonathan',  Thomas*),  b.  Medfield,  July  30,  1674;  d.  Mar. 
3,  1719;  m.  (1)  Nov.  7,  1698,  Rachel,  dau.  of  John  and  Hannah  (Adams) 
Fisher  [b.  Mar.  24,  1680;  d.  Mar.  31,  1712];  (2)  Feb.  12,  1713,  Esther, 
dau.  of  John  and  Mary  (Wood)  Thurston  [d.  Mar.  10,  1755;  m.  (2) 
John  Turner].     Res.  Medfield. 

John'  (Jonathan',  Jonathan',  Thomas'),  b.  Sept.  30,  1702;  d.  Dec.  24, 
1754;  m.  Oct.  19,  1728,  Prudence,  dau.  of  Ebenezer  and  Prudence  (Stet- 
son) Leach  of  Bridgewater,  Mass.  [d.  May  22,  1759].    Res.  Walpole,  Mass. 

John'  (John',  Jonathan',  Jonathan',  Thomas'),  b.  Oct.  4,  1734;  d. 
Apr.  25,  1813;  m.  (1)  Nov.  3,  1757,  Hannah  Hartshorn  [d.  May  22,  1759] ; 
(2)  Aug.  2,  1761,  Sarah  Foster  [b.  about  1740;  d.  Apr.  9,  1762].  Res. 
Walpole,  Mass. 

Elijah'  (John^  John',  Jonathan',  Jonathan^  Thomas'),  b.  Oct.  19, 
1763;  d.  July  22,  1814;  m.  Nov.  17,  1791,  Amity  Fisher  of  Walpole  [b. 
Feb.  13,  1766;  d.  Oct.  29,  1841].  He  removed  from  Walpole,  Mass.,  to 
Marlboro  about  1806. 

1.  Oliver'^  (Elijah®,  John^,  John^  Jonathan^  Jonathan^ 
Thomas^),  b.  Apr.  28,  1798;  d.  Dec.  11,  1854;  m.  Dec.  31,  1821, 
Eliza  Prescott  [b.  about  1793;  d.  July  7,  1869].  He  came  to 
New  Ipswich  about  1840,  and  after  a  few  years  bought  for  his 
home  the  house  on  Barrett  street  second  below  the  Congrega- 
tional parsonage.    He  was  a  farmer  and  mechanic.     Children : 

2.  i.        George,  b.  June  26,  1826.-1- 

3.  ii.       Henry  K.,  b.  and  d.  Apr.  8,  1831. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

2.  George^  (Oliver^  Elijah^  John^  John*,  Jonathan^,  Jona- 
than-, Thomas^),  b.  June  26,  1826;  d.  Sept.  30,  1905;  m.  Jan. 

8,  1852,  Myra  Jane  Adams  (R.  5)  [b.  Feb.  18,  1828;  d.  Mar.  30, 
1890].  He  succeeded  to  his  father's  home,  and  was  maker  of 
cig-ar  boxes.  He  removed  to  Washington,  D.  C,  about  1872. 
Children : 

4.  i.        Frances  Cornelia,  b.  Sept.  21,  1856.     She  removed  with  her 
parents  to  Washington,  and  became  a  successful  teacher. 


William  Boynton\  b.  1606;  d.  Dec.  8,  1686;  m.  Elizabeth  Jackson 
[d.  1687].  He  was  a  son  of  William  Boynton  of  an  ancient  family  of 
Yorkshire,  England,  and  came  to  New  England  in  1637.  He  settled  in 
Rowley,  Mass.,  where  he  is  mentioned  as  a  plumber,  and  also  as  a  tailor. 
He  was  probably  the  first  schoolmaster  in  the  town,  and  taught  from 
1656  to  1681. 

John  Boynton',  b.  1614;  d.  Feb.  18,  1670;  m.  about  1644,  Ellen  Pell 
of  Boston  [m.  (2)  Aug.  30,  1671,  Dea.  Maxmilian  Jewett  of  Rowley]. 
He  was  also  a  son  of  William  of  Yorkshire,  and  he  came  to  New  England 
at  the  same  time  as  his  brother.  He  also  settled  in  Rowley,  where  he  was 
a  tailor. 

Joshua'  (WilHam'),  b.  Mar.  10,  1646;  d.  1736  or  earlier;  m.  (1)  Apr. 

9,  1678,  Hannah  Barnet  [d.  Jan.  12,  1722];  (2)  Nov.  29,  1725,  widow 
Mary  Syles  [d.  July  28,  1727]  ;  (3)  Oct.  30,  1727,  Mary,  widow  of  Simon 
Wainwright  of  Bradford,  Mass.,  and  later  of  John^  Boynton  (John^). 
He  removed  to  Newbury,  Mass.,  in  early  manhood,  and  lived  there  upon 
the  same  farm  for  more  than  fifty  years.     He  served  in  the  Indian  wars. 

Joseph-  (John'),  b.  1644;  d.  Dec.  16,  1730;  m.  (1)  Sarah,  dau.  of 
Richard  and  Ann  Swan  of  Rowley  [b.  1646;  d.  Feb.  27,  1718];  (2)  Mar. 
11,  1720,  Elizabeth  Wood.  He  was  town  clerk  of  Rowley  and  its  rep- 
resentative in  the  General  Court.  He  removed  to  Groton,  Mass.,  about 
1715,  but  returned  to  Rowley  some  years  later. 

Joshua'  (Joshua',  William'),  b.  May  4,  1679;  d.  Oct.  29,  1770;  m. 
May,  1708,  Mary,  dau.  of  John  and  Mary  (Gerrish)  Dole  [b.  Newbury, 
Nov.  14,  1681;  d.  Dec.  26,  1777].     Res.  Newbury. 

Joseph'  (Joseph',  John'),  b.  Mar.  23,  1669/70;  d.  Nov.  25,  1755;  m. 
Jan.  30,  1692/3,  Bridget,  dau.  of  Nathaniel  and  Elizabeth  (Hazen)  Harris 
of  Rowley  [b.  Nov.  26,  1672;  d.  Oct.  14,  1757].  He  was  a  housewright 
in  Rowley  and  a  deacon  of  its  church. 

Joshua^  (Joshua',  Joshua',  William'),  bapt.  Jan.  20,  1717;  d.  Feb.  4, 
1763;  m.  Apr.  14,  1743,  Martha,  dau.  of  Benjamin  and  Mary  (Palmer) 
Stickney  of  Rowley  [bapt.  Aug.  15,  1714].     Res.  Hollis. 

Nathaniel^  (Joseph',  Joseph',  John'),  b.  Dec.  11,  1694;  d.  before 
1759;  m.  (1)  1720,  Hannah,  dau.  of  Joseph  and  Dorothy  Perham  [d. 
Sept.  16,  1733];  (2)  Sept.  13,  1735,  Elizabeth  Shedd  of  Billerica,  Mass. 
[m.  (2)  Aug.  15,  1759,  Thomas  Heald  of  Westford,  Mass].  Res.  suc- 
cessively in  Littleton,  Mass.,  Westford,  Mass.,  and  Pepperell,  Mass.  He 
was  a  housewright  and  farmer,  and  for  many  years  he  was  town  clerk 
of  Westford. 



Elias'  (Joshua',  Joshua',  Joshua',  William'),  b.  Feb.  24,  1755;  d. 
Jan.  20,  1842;  m.  Mar.  31,  1781,  Elizabeth,  dau.  of  Gen.  Francis  Blood  of 
Temple  [b.  Jan.  5,  1762;  d.  Oct.  13,  1853].  He  removed  from  Hollis  to 
Temple  soon  after  the  close  of  the  Revolutionary  War,  in  which  he  had 
rendered  service  at  Bunker  Hill  and  at  the  capture  of  Burgoyne.  He  was 
a  prominent  citizen  of  Temple  and  a  captain  in  the  militia.  Three  of 
his  sons  became  citizens  of  New  Ipswich. 

1.  Abijah^  (Nathaniel*,  Joseph^,  Joseph^  John'^),  b.  Mar. 
24,  1740;  d.  Dec.  26,  1821;  m.  Mar.  23,  1769,  Sarah  Chamber- 
lain of  Westford,  Mass.  [d.  Oct.  2,  1818].  His  name  appears 
upon  the  New  Ipswich  tax  list  in  1764,  and  he  was  probably 
a  resident  at  that  time.  But  he  passed  most  of  his  life  in 
Pepperell,  Mass.,  where  he  was  a  farmer  and  cabinet  maker. 
He  responded  to  the  call  of  April  19,  1775,  and  he  afterward 
served  as  a  lieutenant.    Children: 

7.  i.        Sarah,  b.  Mar.  8,   1770;   d.  Dec.   13,   1848;  m.  James  Parker 

[b.  Apr.  10,  1769].     Res.  in  Brookline.     Eight  children. 

8.  ii.       Abigail,  b.  Oct.  3,   1771;   d.  Feb.   11,  1851;  m.   Feb.  27,   1798, 

Jesse"  Shattuck  (Samuel°,  Samuer,  Samuel^  John',  Wil- 
liam^), a  farmer  in   Pepperell.     Seven  children. 

Betsey,  b.  Aug.  11,  1773;  d.  Nov.  2,  1853;  m.  Asa  Ames.  Two 

Abijah,  b.  May  3,  1775;  m.  Feb.  23,  1800,  Eunice  Shepley. 
Nine  children. 

Abel,  b.  1777;  d.  1798,  unm. 

Eli,  b.  May  24,  1780;  d.  Aug.  7,  1856;  m.  Dec.  17,  1809,  Mary 
McDonald  [b.  Brookline,  Sept.  10,  1780;  d.  Apr.  14,  1882]. 
Six  children. 

2.  Nathan^  (Nathaniel*,  Joseph^  Joseph^,  John^),  b.  June 
16,  1742;  d.  Oct.  7,  1823;  m.  Lucy  Smith.  His  name  appears 
on  the  New  Ipswich  tax  list  of  the  same  year  as  that  of  his 
brother  Abijah,  and  continues  for  three  years,  but  he  soon  re- 
moved to  Plymouth,  Vt.,  and  thence  to  Cavendish  in  the  same 
state.    He  was  a  joiner.     Children  : 

13.  i.        Lucy,  d.  Cleveland,  O.,  Feb.  17,  1842;  m.  (1)  Mar.,  1787,  Sam- 

uel Foster;  (2)  Sept.  3,  1794,  Levi  Stevens  [d.  Feb.  21. 
1842].     Thirteen  children. 

14.  ii.       Nathan,  b.  1772;  d.  Providence,  O.,  Aug.  4,  1838;  m.  Lydia, 

dau.  of  Aaron,  or  of  Dr.  Isaiah  Parker,  two  brothers  from 
Chelmsford,  Mass.,  who  resided  in  Cavendish  [d.  Port 
Huron,  Mich.,  July  12,  1837].     Seven  children. 

15.  iii.      Nathaniel,  d.  1840.     He  was  a  manufacturer  of  sewing  silk 

in  Boston.     Eight  children. 

16.  iv.      Charles.     Three  children. 

17.  V.       Jonah,  b.   Feb.  3,    1783;   m.   1808,  Phebe  Russell  of  Albany, 

N.  Y.    He  was  an  architect  at  Albany.     Eight  children. 










History  of  New  Ipswich 

3.  Amos^  (Nathaniel*,  Joseph^  Joseph^,  John^),  b.  1744;  m. 
Jan.  9,  1770,  Mary  Parker.  His  name  is  borne  upon  the  New 
Ipswich  records  of  the  same  years  as  those  of  his  two  brothers, 
and  the  three  probably  came  from  Westford  at  about  the  same 
time.  But  his  name  continues  until  1781,  although  he  seems 
to  have  finally  removed,  like  his  brother  Nathan,  to  Plymouth 
and  Cavendish,  Vt.  His  activities  during  the  Revolution 
seem  to  be  located  by  the  record  of  his  military  service  for 
a  considerable  part  of  that  period.  His  name  is  found  upon 
the  roll  of  volunteers  aroused  by  the  Concord  alarm,  but  his 
later  enlistments,  concluding  with  one  for  the  period  of  three 
years,  credit  him  to  Fitzwilliam,  from  which  he  probably  re- 
ceived a  bounty.     Children : 

18.  i.        Isaiah,  b.  Oct.  20,  1770;  d.  June  12,  1851;  m.   (1)    1796,  Re- 

becca Page  of  Plymouth,  Vt.  [d.  May  12,  1816];  (2) 
Hannah  Parker.     Nine  children. 

19.  ii.       Mary,  m.  Williams.     Removed  to  Illinois. 

20.  iii.      Joseph,  m.  .    Removed  to  New  York. 

21.  iv.      Abigail,  b.  Sept.  11,  1777;  d,  Jan.  30,  1854;  m.  Moses  Pollard. 

Res.  Plymouth,  Vt. 

22.  V.       Amos,    d.    Ludlow,   Vt.,   about    1860;    m.   Mirey   Perry.     Five 


23.  vi.      Lydia,  m.  Weston. 

4.  Earl''  (Elias^,  Joshua*,  Joshua^,  Joshua^,  WilliamM,  b. 
Apr.  20,  1788;  d.  Aug.  25,  1871 ;  m.  Nov.,  1808,  Sally  Fisk  of 
Temple  (2).  He  came  to  New  Ipswich  in  1811  and  passed 
his  life  as  a  farmer  on  the  "country  road,"  at  first  upon  52, 
N.  D.,  his  cellar  still  remaining  upon  the  east  side  of  the  road 
near  the  separation  of  the  "Fish  road"  from  the  "Todd  road." 
Later  he  removed  southerly  to  the  house  near  the  division 
line  between  50  and  51,  N.  D.,  a  little  south  of  the  road  diverg- 
ing to  the  "Pevey  place."    Children  : 

24.  i.        Mary  Caldwell,  b.  May  19,  1810;  m.  William  J.  Fisher. 

25.  ii.       Sally,  b.  Jan.  4,  1814;  d.  Mar.  1,  1815. 

26.  iii.      Sarah,  b.  Jan.  2,   1816;   d.  Apr.  30,   1906;  m.  Dec.  31,   1835, 

Albert  G.  Thayer   (2). 

27.  iv.      William,  b.  Jan.   15,  1818;   d.  Feb.   10,   1905.     He  passed  his 

life  in  New  Ipswich,  engaged  in  various  occupations.  He 
was  greatly  interested  in  the  town  library,  and  so  disposed 
of  the  sum  of  $5000  in  his  will  that  it  will  ultimately  revert 
to  that  institution. 

28.  v.       Isabel,  b.  Dec.  20,   1821;  d.  Jan.   10,  1892;  m.  July  21,   1841, 

Nehemiah  M.  Smith  [b.  about  1814;  d.  Apr.  17,  1885].  He 
was  a  baker,  carrying  on  his  business  in  the  Center  Village 
at  the  stand  upon  the  north  side  of  the  turnpike. 



29.  vi.     Francis,  b.  June  6,  1824;  d.  Sept.  2,  1888;  m.  Apr.  14,  1847, 

Rhoda  Butters.  He  was  a  plumber  and  tinsmith  at  Hyde 
Park,  Mass.  Children :  i.  Henry,  d.  Wichita,  Kan.  ii. 

30.  vii.     Martha  Ann,  b.  June   16,   1826;   d.  July  29,   1827. 

31.  viii.    Emily  M.  B.,  b.  Aug.  16,  1828;  d.  Oct.  9,  1912;  m.  Solomon 

Augustus  Russell. 

32.  ix.     Charles   Hastings,  b.   Nov.   10,   1830;   d.  Apr.   14.   1896;   m. 

Orissa  Clark.  He  was  a  hotel-keeper  in  Temple.  Three 

33.  X.       George  Henry,  b.  Nov.  21,  1832;  d.  Sept.  19,  1870;  m.  twice. 

He  was  a  photographer  at  Boston. 

5.  Oliver*^  (Elias^,  Joshua*,  Joshua^,  Joshua^,  William^), 
b.  May  8,  1799;  d.  May  2,  1879;  m.  Jan.  25,  1820,  Mary 
Howard.  He  was  a  farmer,  having  his  residence  in  the  Cen- 
ter Village,  for  a  considerable  time  in  the  large  house  upon 
the  southern  side  of  the  turnpike  near  the  Jo  Kidder  Brook. 
Children : 

34.  i.        William  Elias,  m.  Mary  E.  Grover.     He  was  a  farmer  in 

Jaffrey.     Three  children. 

35.  ii.       James  F.,  m.  Harriet  R.  Tapley. 

36.  iii.      Mary  I.,  m.  Clifton  C.  Stark.     He  was  a  cigar  maker  in  New 

Ipswich,  but  removed  to  Hyde  Park,  Mass.  Children:  i. 
Henry  Stark,     ii.  Ellen  Stark. 

37.  iv.      Elizabeth,    m.    James    P.    Carroll.      He   was    a   cigar   maker, 

living  for  some  years  in  the  house  above  named  as  the 
home  of  his  father-in-law.  Removed  to  Boston.  Children : 
i.  Sarah  Carroll,     ii.  Margaret  Carroll. 

6.  Spaulding*'  (Elias^  Joshua*,  Joshua^  Joshua^,  Wil- 
liam^), b.  Sept.  15,  1801;  d.  July  1,  1869;  m.  Nov.  29,  1823, 
Lavinia  J.  Wilder.  He  lived  for  a  time  on  XV:  2,  S.  R.,  and 
later  in  the  Center  Village.  He  was  a  peddler  of  tinware  and 
similar  articles.    Children : 

38.  i.        Hannah  H.,  b.  Aug.  5,  1828;  m.   (1)   June  29,  1848,  Nathan 

C.  Lear;    (2)    Charles  Frost  of  Orange,  Mass. 

39.  ii.       William  Spaulding,  b.  Apr.  14,  1830 ;  m.  July  30,  1857,  Ase-  • 

nath  L.  Webb.  Children :  i.  William  F.  ii.  Edwin  S.  iii. 
Walter  K. 

40.  iii.     James   Hildreth,  b.  Apr.  3,   1832;   d.   Feb.  9,   1896;   m.    (1) 

Aug.  9,  1853,  Eliza  F.  Grummet;  (2)  .  He  was  a  car- 
penter and  tinworker.     Children:     i.  Clara  F.     ii.  Effie  L. 

41.  iv.      Lavinia  J.,  b.  Sept.  10,  1834;  d.  Feb.  27,  1869;  m.  (1)  Jan.  6, 

1853,  Robert  Paine  [d.  Sept.  4,  1856];  (2)  Apr.  6,  1857, 
Joseph  Poleicho. 

42.  v.      Susan  A.,  b.  May  12,  1839;  d.  Aug.  31,  1881;  m.  Mar.  5,  1859, 

Noah  P.  Shipley. 

43.  vi.      Mary  E.,  b.  Mar.  30,  1844;  m.  Dec.  2,  1856,  Michael  Harrigan. 

44.  vii.    Theresa  I.,  b.  Aug.  2,  1851;  d.  Jan.  13,  1869. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

Allen'  Breed,  b.  1601;  d.  Mar.  17,  1691/2;  m.  (1)  ;   (2)  Mar.  28, 

1656,  Elizabeth,  widow  of  James  Ballard  and  later  of  William  Knight  of 
Lynn,  Mass.  He  came  from  England  in  1630  with  his  first  wife,  whose 
name  is  not  known,  and  his  two  oldest  children  and  settled  at  Lynn,  where 
he  remained  until  his  death,  except  during  a  few  years  spent  at  Southamp- 
ton, L.  I.     He  was  a  farmer  and  was  a  selectman  of  Lynn. 

Allen'   (Allen'),  b.   1626;   d.   1704-1707;  m.  Mary  [d.  Nov.  30, 

1671].     Res.  in  Lynn. 

Allen'  (Allen^  Allen'),  b.  Aug.  30,  1660;  d.  Dec.  27,  1730;  m.  May  22, 
1684,  Elizabeth  Ballard  [d.  July,  1743].  He  was  a  farmer  and  wheelwright 
at  Lynn. 

JoHN^  (Allen^  Allen^  Allen'),  b.  Oct.  10,  1689;  d.  Apr.  16,  1774;  m. 
Jan.  2,  1717,  Lydia  Gott  of  Wenham,  Mass.  [b.  Apr.,  1699;  d.  Aug.,  1789]. 
He  was  a  yeoman  and  coaster.    Res.  Lynn. 

1.  JoHN^  (John^  Allen^  Allen^,  Allen^),  b.  Sept.  13,  1720; 
d.  July  25,  1780;  m.  1743,  Jane,  dau.  of  Elisha*  and  Jane 
(Breed)  Newhall  [b.  Aug.  9,  1721;  d.  1790].  This  marriage 
forms  a  part  of  a  somewhat  complicated  union  between  the 
families  engaged,  as  Elisha^  Newhall  and  his  brothers,  Ebene- 
zer,  Samuel,  and  Daniel,  and  their  sister  Susannah,  had 
married  members  of  the  Breed  family,  three  of  whom,  at  least, 
Jane  the  wife  of  Elisha,  Elizabeth  the  wife  of  Ebenezer,  the 
ancestor  of  the  Newhalls  of  New  Ipswich,  and  Joseph  the 
husband  of  Susannah,  were  children  of  Joseph*  Breed,  and 
Keziah  the  wife  of  Samuel  was  his  niece.  John  came  from 
Lynnfield  to  New  Ipswich  about  1764,  and  settled  near  the 
state  line  upon  82,  A.  D.,  and  developed  an  excellent  farm 
there  at  the  end  of  the  highway.     Children : 

4.  i.  Allen,  b.  Jan.  19,  1744.-f 

5.  ii.  Lydia,  b.  Sept.  25,  1745;  m.  Daniel  Mansfield   (2). 

6.  iii.  Rebecca,  b.   Sept.  2,   1747;   m.   Peter  Shattuck   (6). 

7.  iv.  John,  b.  Aug.  28,  1749. 

8.  V.  Jane,  b.  June  23,  1751. 

9.  vi.  Susanna,  b.  Apr.  24,  1753. 

10.  vii.  Elisha  Newhall,  b.  Apr.  21,  1755. 

11.  viii.  Martha,  b.  Oct.  9,  1758. 

12.  ix.  TiMNA,  b.  Mar.  19,  1762. 

13.  X.  Deliverance,  b.  Mar.  24,  1764;  probably  "Delia,"  who  d.  1816. 

2.  Nathaniel^  (John*,  Allen^,  Allen^,  Allen^),  b.  July  22, 
1728.  His  name  appears  upon  the  New  Ipswich  tax-lists 
from  1781  until  1789,  but  most  of  his  life  was  spent  elsewhere. 
He  was  resident  at  Easton,  JVEass.,  in  1757,  but  removed  to 
Sudbury,   Mass.,   in    1760,   and   thence   to   Packersfield,   now 



Nelson,  five  years  later.  In  1775  he  enlisted  as  surgeon  of 
the  company  leaving  Nelson,  and  appears  later  as  surgeon's 
mate  of  the  regiment  of  Col.  James  Reed.     Children : 

14.  i.        John,  b.  Oct.  15,  1757.     He  enlisted  from  Nelson  at  the  same 

time  as  his  father,  but  upon  reaching  Boston  he  was  en- 
rolled in  the  company  of  Capt.  Ezra  Towne.  At  Bunker 
Hill  his  hat  was  struck  by  a  bullet,  and  also  his  cartridge- 
box.  He  enlisted  several  times  before  the  close  of  the 
war.  He  continued  his  residence  in  Nelson  until  1828,  when 
he  removed  to  Sandy  Creek,  N.  Y. 

15.  ii.       Thomas   K.,  b.   Apr.    10,    1761;   d.  Feb.  2,   1849;   m.   Dec.    15, 

1791,  Polly  Keyes.  His  place  of  residence  appears  to  have 
been  quite  changeable.  He  seems  to  have  lived  in  New 
Ipswich  from  1783  until  1788,  then  for  some  years  in  Nel- 
son, afterward  in  Antrim,  and  later  still  in  Lowell,  Mass. 
He  enlisted  several  times  during  the  Revolution,  serving  in 
companies  from  Rindge,  Fitzwilliam,  and  vicinity. 

16.  iii.      Abigail. 

3.  JosiAH^  (John*,  Allen^  Allen^  Allen^),  b.  Lynn,  Dec. 
16,  1731;  d.  Dec.  12.  1790;  m.  (1)  Dec.  18,  1755,  Mary=  (Jo- 
seph*, Joseph^  Allen^,  Allen^)  Breed  [b.  Jan.  6,  1733;  d.  May 
7,  1767]  ;  (2)  June  30,  1768,  Hannah,  dau.  of  Henry  Bacheller 
[b.  1729;  d.  Aug.  16,  1805].  He  was  in  the  contest  of  Apr. 
19,  1775,  and  was  captured  by  the  British,  but  was  later  ex- 
changed for  a  captured  lieutenant.  He  did  further  service  in 
Massachusetts  troops.     Res.  in  Lynn.     Children : 

17.  i.        Mehetable,  b.  Jan.  8,  1757;  m.  Theophilus  Bacheller. 

18.  ii.       Allen,  b.  July  14,  1759.-|- 

19.  iii.      Nathaniel  (twin),  b.  Aug.  30,  1761. 

20.  iv.      Charles  (twin),  b.  Aug.  30,  1761. 

21.  V.       Joseph,  b.  Mar.  29,  1764. 

22.  vi.      Mary,  b.  Apr.  29,  1772;  d.  Nov.  17,  1813. 

.  4.  Allen*^  (John^  John*,  Allen^,  Allen^,  Allen^),  b.  Jan.  19, 
1744;  d.  Apr.  16,  1806;  m.  Jan.  15,  1767,  Lydia  Mansfield  (1). 
He  came  to  New  Ipswich,  probably  with  his  father,  about 
1764.  He  seems  to  have  lived  upon  his  father's  farm,  and  to 
have  succeeded  him  in  its  ownership.  Apparently  he  was  in 
service  during  the  greater  part  of  the  Revolutionary  war, 
although  it  is  difficult  to  certainly  distinguish  in  the  records 
between  his  service  and  that  of  his  cousin  bearing  the  same 
name.     Children : 

23.  i.        Lydia,  b.  Jan.  8,  1768;  d.  Feb.  1,  1807,  unm. 

24.  ii.      John,  b.  Dec.  1,  1769.-|- 

25.  iii.     Elisha  Newhall,  b.  Dec.  30,  1771.-1- 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

26.  iv.     Allen,  b.  Feb.  8,  1774.+ 

27.  V.       Jane,  b.  Dec.  9,  1775. 

28.  vi.      Enoch,  b.  Apr.  2,  1780.+ 

18.  Allen"  (Josiah^  John^  Allen^  Allen^,  Aliens),  b.  July 
14,  1759;  d.  Apr.  2,  1842;  m.  July,  1781,  Lucy,  dau.  of  Reuben 
Taylor  (10)  [b.  Jan.  10,  1762;  d.  Mar.  23,  1825].  When  his 
father  enlisted  at  Lynn,  he  came  to  New  Ipswich  and  served 
in  the  companies  of  both  Capt.  Joseph  Parker  and  Capt. 
Stephen  Parker,  and  in  later  service  held  a  lieutenant's  com- 
mission.    Children  : 

29.  i.  JosiAH,  b.  Apr.  25,  1782;  d.  Mar.  5,  1855. 

30.  ii.  Mehetable,  b.  Dec.  8,  1783;  d.  Feb.,  1856. 

31.  iii.  Lucy,  b.  Dec.  17,  1785;  d.  July  2,  1819. 

32.  iv.  Mary,  b.  May  20,  1789;  d.  May  26,  1869. 

33.  V.  Milly,  b.  Feb.  28,  1790. 

34.  vi.  Allen,  b.  Jan.  20,  1792;  d.  Mar.  13,  1827. 

35.  vii.  Rachel,  b.  Feb.  8,  1794. 

36.  viii.  Hannah,  b.  Dec.  14,  1795;  d.  1856. 

37.  ix.  Ira,  b.  Dec.  23,  1797;  d.  Jan.  9,  1823. 

38.  X.  George  Washington,  b.  Jan.  14,  1800. 

39.  xl.  Harriet,  b.  Feb.  28,  1802. 

40.  xii.  Lucretia,  b.  July  15,  1804;  d.  Aug.  15,  1804. 

41.  xiii.  Reuben  Taylor,  b.  July  28,  1806. 

24.  JoiiN^  (Alien",  John^  John*,  Allen^,  Allen^,  Allen^),  b. 
Dec.  1,  1769;  d.  June  28,  1807;  m.  Nov.  16,  1797,  Abiah  Lamp- 
son  [b.  June  2,  1777;  d.  Apr.  14,  1808].  He  was  a  farmer 
upon  the  next  farm  eastward  from  that  of  his  father  (80, 
A.  D.)     Children: 

42.  i.        Abiah,  b.  Aug.  17,  1798;  d.  Sept.  1,  1883.    She  resided  in  New 

Ipswich  and  in  Ashby,  Mass.,  and  was  for  many  years  a 
nurse  and  general  helper  in  times  of  need.  She  was  the 
last  member  of  the  family  here  recorded  as  resident  in 
town,  and  the  date  borne  upon  the  marble  stone  marking 
her  grave  is  separated  by  more  than  fifty  years  from  the 
date  upon  the  latest  of  the  long  line  of  olden  slate  stones 
in  the  South  graveyard  at  the  end  of  which  it  stands. 

43.  ii.      John,  b.  June  8,  1800. 

44.  iii.      Moses,  b.  Mar.  12,  1802. 

45.  iv.      Daniel,  b.  Apr.  8,  1804. 

46.  V.       Susan,  b.  Mar.  10,  1807. 

25.  Elisha  Newhall^  (Allen",  John^  John^  Allen^,  Allen-, 

Allen^),  b.  Dec.  30,  1771;  d.  Mar.  6,  1802;  ni.  Rebecca  

[b.  about  May,  1779;  d.  Oct.  14,  1806].  He  probably  passed 
the  years  of  his  brief  manhood  on  the  ancestral  farm. 
Children : 



47.  i.        Elisha  Newhall,  b.  Feb.  14,  1802;  d.  Sept.  20,  1805. 

26.  Allen^  (Allen«,  John^  John*,  Allen^,  Allen^  Allen^), 
b.  Feb.  8,  1774;  d.  Mar.  8,  1849;  m.  Esther  Lampson  of  Little- 
ton, Mass.    Children  : 

48.  i.        Esther,  b.  Sept.  24,  1797. 

49.  ii.       HuLDY,  b.  May  25,  1799. 

28.  Enoch^  (Allen«,  John^  John*,  Allen^,  Allen^,  Allen^), 
b.  Apr.  2,  1780;  d.  June  26,  1811 ;  m.  Dec.  29,  1807,  Sarah,  dau. 
of  John*  and  Susanna  (Page)  Wetherbee  of  Rindge  [m.  (2) 
Dea.  Adin  Cummings  of  Rindge].    Res.  in  Rindge.    Children: 

50.  i.       Joseph  Baxter,  b.  Nov.  27,  1808.+ 

51.  ii.       Marinda,  b.  1810;  d.  young. 

50.  Joseph  Baxter^  (Enoch^,  Allen",  John^  John*,  Allen^ 
Allen-,  Allen^),  b.  Nov.  27,  1808;  d.  Sept.  23,  1864;  m.  June 
6,  1833,  Mary  Wilson  (16).  He  was  a  merchant  in  Rindge, 
and  was  a  deacon  there.    Children : 

52.  i.        Mary  Elizabeth,  b.  June  8,  1S34;  m.  Jan.  12,  1860,  John  C. 

Spenser.     Res.  Geneseo,  111. 
Martha  Jane,  b.  and  d.  June  8,  1834. 
Sarah  Marinda,  b.  Nov.  15,  1835;  d.  Dec.  3,  1835. 
Marinda,  b.  Oct.  10,  1836;  m.  Nov.  3,  1865,  John  L.  Combs. 

Res.  Geneseo,  111. 
Harriet  Wilson,  b.  Aug.  9,  1838;  d.  Sept.  5,  1839. 
Augustus   Baxter,  b.   Sept.   12,   1840;  d.  May  31,   1863,  while 

serving  in  the  Civil  War. 
58.  vii.     George   Henry,   b.   May  28,    1844;    m.    Caroline  A.   Albro   of 

Providence,  R.  I.     Res.  Geneseo,  111. 

The  readiness  of  the  members  of  this  family  for  Revolutionary 
service  suggests  mention  of  the  fact  that  Ebenezer  Breed,  the  owner 
of  the  larger  part  of  Breed's  Hill,  upon  which  the  battle  of  "Bunker  Hill" 
was  fought,  was  a  kinsman  of  the  New  Ipswich  family,  his  lineage  as 
follows :     Allen',  John",  Ebenezer^  John\  Ebenezer^ 

The  early  disappearance  of  this  family  from  the  town,  probably 
largely  due  to  the  tendency  of  its  members  to  consumption,  the  wide 
dispersion  of  the  descendants  of  the  residents  in  New  Ipswich,  and  also 
the  prevalence  of  two  or  three  given  names  causing  an  exceptional  un- 
certainty in  the  interpretation  of  records,  have  together  made  entire 
accuracy  hard  to  attain.  It  is  hoped,  however,  that  the  resulting  errors 
are  not  very  great. 


Abraham  Briant',  m.  (1)  1664,  Mary,  dau.  of  Dea.  Thomas  Kendall 
of  Reading,  Mass.  [d.  1688]  ;  (2)  Ruth,  widow  of  Samuel  Frothingham 
of  Charlestown,  Mass.  [d.  1693].  He  was  a  blacksmith  in  Reading.  Dea. 
Kendall  had  no  sons  living  to  adult  age,  but  each  of  his  eight  daughters 
married  and  had  a  son  named  Kendall. 












History  of  New  Ipswich 

Kendall'  (Abraham'),  b.  Sept.  8,  1680;  m.  1704,  Elizabeth,  dau.  of 
Maj.  Jeremiah  and  Mary  (Smith)  Swain.  He  followed  his  father's 
occupation  as  a  blacksmith. 

1.  Kendall^  (KendalP,  Abraham^),  b.  Alar.  7,  1709;  m. 
Oct.  5,  1736,  Mary  Parker.  He  followed  the  family  trade 
of  a  blacksmith  in  his  native  town  until  middle  life.  In  1754 
he  and  his  wife  were  dismissed  to  the  church  in  Concord, 
Mass.,  but  his  residence  there  must  have  been  brief,  as  his 
name  does  not  appear  upon  the  Vital  Records  of  that  town, 
and  he  came  to  New  Ipswich  as  early  as  1763,  apparently 
from  Pepperell.  He  purchased  a  small  farm  from  Col.  Reuben 
Kidder,  (46,  N.  D.)  The  probable  location  of  his  house  may 
still  be  seen  on  the  eastern  side  of  the  old  "country  road" 
about  midway  between  the  Kidder  cellar  and  the  house  nearer 
the  Center  Village  which  has  bpen  developed  by  additions 
from  the  ancient  smaller  dwelling  of  Col.  Kidder's  negro 
slave,  Caesar.  Near  the  Briant  house  was  his  blacksmithy. 
No  list  of  children  of  this  family  has  been  found. 

2.  Edmond*  (KendalP,  Kendall-,  Abraham^),  b.  June  3, 
1744;  d.  Sept.  28,  1786;  m.  (1)  Abigail  Fletcher  (7;  ;  (2)  Dec. 
30,  1778,  Hannah  Sprague  [b.  about  1748;  d.  Sept.  7,  1830]. 
He  continued  the  family  calling  in  his  father's  shop  and  later 
in  Smith  Village.  He  served  three  times  during  the  Revo- 
lution, first  in  response  to  the  Concord  alarm,  second  as  lieu- 
tenant in  the  company  of  Capt.  Josiah  Brown  in  1777,  and 
third,  later  in  the  same  year,  as  captain  of  another  New  Ips- 
wich company.  It  is  characteristic  of  the  enlistments  in  the 
earlier  years  of  the  war  that  these  three  terms  of  service  to- 
gether covered  a  period  of  only  about  six  weeks.     Children : 

3.  i.  Joseph,  b.  Sept.  25,  1765. -f- 

4.  ii.  Edmond,  b.  May  20,  1768;  m.  Nov.  27,  1788,  Nabby  Fox   (3). 

5.  iii.  Abigail,  b.  Jan.  6,   1775. 

6.  iv.  Aaron,  b.  1783. 

3.  Joseph^  (Edmond*,  Kendall^,  Kendall^,  Abraham^),  b. 
Sept.  25,  1785  ;  m.  Anna .    Children  : 

7.  i.        Joseph,  b.  Jan.  8,  1786. 

8.  ii.      John,  b.  Apr.  25,  1788. 

9.  iii.     Anna,  b.  June  13,  1790. 

10.  iv.      Benjamin,  b.  Aug.  20,  1792. 

The  New  Ipswich  tax  lists  bear  also  the  names  of  Amos,  Edward, 
James,  John,  and  Nathan  Briant,  who  were  perhaps  residents  for  a  year 
or  two  at  about  the  time  of  the  arrival  of  Kendall  Briant,  and  were 
probably  his  kinsmen.     But  no  record  of  such  relationship  has  appeared. 




This  name  has  been  borne  by  citizens  of  New  Ipswich  descended 
from  two  immigrant  ancestors,  Thomas  and  Henry  Brooks;  but  as  ac- 
cording to  reliable  tradition  these  ancestors  were  brothers,  their  de- 
scendants are  here  presented  together. 

Thomas^  Brooks,  b.  County  Suffolk,  England;  d.  Concord,  Mass., 
May  21,  1667;  m.  Grace,  dau.  of  Capt.  Timothy  Wheeler  of  Concord  [d. 
May  12,  1664].  He  was  a  preacher  in  London  and  came  to  America  in 
1634,  remaining  at  Watertown,  Mass.,  for  a  time,  but  soon  removing  to 
Concord,  settled  in  that  part  which  is  now  Carlisle.  He  was  a  deacon, 
and  represented  the  town  in  the  General  Court  for  several  years. 

Henry'  Brooks,  d.  Apr.  12,  1683;  m.   (1)   Susanna  [d.  Sept.  15, 

1681]  ;  (2)  July  12,  1682,  Annis  Jaquith.  He  is  believed  to  have  come  to 
America  with  his  brother  Thomas,  and  to  have  removed  to  Concord  a 
little  later  than  Thomas.  But  he  resided  there  only  a  few  years,  as  the 
birth  of  only  one  child,  in  1641,  is  recorded  there.  He  was  a  proprietor 
of  Woburn,  Mass.,  in  1652  and  apparently  resided  there. 

Joshua'  (Thomas'),  b.  England,  1625;  d.  Concord,  Mass.,  Oct.  10, 
1698;  m.  Oct.  17,  1653,  Hannah,  dau.  of  Capt.  Hugh  Mason.  Res.  Con- 
cord, Mass. 

JoHN=  (Henry'),  b.  England,  Jan.  1,  1624;  m.  Nov.  1,  1649,  Eunice, 
dau.  of  Dea.  John  and  Joanna  Monsal. 

Noah'  (Joshua',  Thomas'),  b.  Concord,  1657;  d.  Feb.  1,  1738-9;  m. 
Dorothy  Wright  of  Sudbury,  Mass.  [b.  about  1663;  d.  Mar.  15,  1752]. 
Res.  Concord. 

John'  (John',  Henry'),  b.  March  1,  1664;  d.  Aug.  7,  1733;  m.  Feb.  25, 
1684,  Mary  Richardson. 

Thomas'  (Noah',  Joshua',  Thomas'),  b.  May  28,  1701;  d.  Dec.  22, 
1790;  m.  June  24,  1725,  Hannah,  dau.  of  Joseph  and  Dorothy  (Wooster) 
Dakin  [b.  Oct.  23,  1704;  d.  July  3,  1784].     Res.  Lincoln,  Mass. 

Nathan*  (John',  John',  Henry'),  b.  Nov.  1,  1706;  d.  Jan.  6,  1751; 
m.  Sarah,  dau.  of  Jonathan  and  Hannah  (Fowle)  Wyman.    Res.  Woburn. 

Aaron^  (Thomas^  Noah',  Joshua',  Thomas'),  b.  Concord,  Aug.  24, 
1727;  d.  Feb.  23,  1811;  m.  Jan.  2,  1755,  Mary  Stone. 

William'  (Nathan^  John',  John',  Henry'),  b.  Mar.  3,  1737;  d.  Oct. 
11,  1804;  m.  Mar.  29,  1759,  Abigail  Kemp  On  attaining  his  majority 
or  earlier  he  removed  to  Hollis,  of  which  he  was  one  of  the  proprietors. 
In  the  Revolution  he  gave  two  terms  of  service,  once  as  lieutenant;  he 
enlisted  a  third  time  as  captain,  but  was  not  called  upon  to  leave  the 
state;  later  he  removed  to  Lyndeboro. 

1.  Stephen^  (Aaron^,  Thomas*,  Noah^,  Joshua^,  Thomas^), 
b.  Lincoln,  Mass.,  Mar.  22,  1759;  d.  Jan.  30,  1848;  m.  June  7, 
1791,  Rachel  Taylor  (20).  In  early  manhood  he  settled  in 
Rindge  near  the  New  Ipswich  line  where  the  road  over  Binney 
Hill  enters  the  Rindge  turnpike,  but  in  1798  he  exchanged 
farms  with  his  brother  Aaron  and  removed  a  half  mile  east- 
ward to  the  farm  for  many  years  owned  by  his  descendants, 
(97,  A.   D.,)    where  he  passed  an  honorable  life;  his  house 



History  of  New  Ipswich 

was  the  western  one  of  the  two  houses  now  standing.  He 
rendered  service  at  least  three  times,  1775,  1777,  1780,  before 
leaving  Massachusetts.    Children : 

3.  i.  Rachel,  b.  July  6,  1792;  d.  Feb.  20,  1795. 

4.  ii.  Stephen,  b.  Oct.  31,   1794;  d.  Mar.  24,  1795. 

5.  iii.  Stephen,  b.  Jan.  27,  1796.-|- 

6.  iv.  Joseph,  b.  Aug.  31,  1798.+ 

7.  V.  Walton,  b.  Sept.  4,  1800.+ 

8.  vi.  Rachel,  b.  Dec.  29,  1802;  m.  Feb.  11,  1847,  Joseph  Davis,  son 

of  Ebenezer  B.  and  Huldah  (Lawrence)  Davis  of  Rindge. 
She  was  his  third  wife. 

9.  vii.     Harvey,  b.  May  30,  1805.+ 

10.  viii.    Oliver,  b.  May  14,  1810;  d.  Feb.  25,  1895;  m.  Eliza  C.  Farrar 

[b.  Oct.,  1811;  d.  Nov.  28,  1892].  He  passed  his  life  in 
Denmark,  Iowa,  of  which  he  was  one  of  the  first  settlers 
and  where  he  was  a  deacon. 

11.  ix.      Newton,  b.  March  13,  1812.-}- 

2.  Aaron^  (Aaron^  Thomas*,  Noah^  Joshua^  Thomas^), 
b.  Lincoln,  Mass.,  Jan.  10,  1765;  d.  Aug.  4,  1823;  m.  Mary 
Taylor  (23).  He  came  to  New  Ipswich  about  1790  and  set- 
tled on  the  farm  next  south  of  that  of  Thaddeus  Taylor,  (97, 
A.  D.,)  where  he  lived  for  a  few  years  and  then  exchanged 
with  his  brother  Stephen  as  before  stated  and  lived  in  Rindge 
until  his  death. 

William'  (William^  Nathan*,  John',  John',  Henry'),  b.  Hollis,  May 
1,  1760;  d.  Greenfield,  Sept.  5,  1843;  m.  (1)  Deborah  Parker  of  Groton, 
Mass.;  (2)  Hepzibah  Draper. 

5.  Stephen^  (Stephen^  Aaron^  Thomas*,  Noah^,  Joshua^, 
Thomas^),  b.  Jan.  27,  1796;  d.  Apr.  2,  1876;  m.  May  22,  1823, 
Narcissa  Tweed  Pratt  (John,  7).     Res.  Ashby.     Children: 

12.  i.        Amelia  Elizabeth,  b.  Feb.  2,  1826;  d.  July  7,  1864;  m.  Dec. 

19,  1861,  Franklin  Wyman  of  Westminster,  Mass.  She 
attended  the  academies  at  New  Ipswich  and  Groton,  Mass., 
and  taught  for  several  years  before  her  marriage.  Res. 
Westminster.  Child:  i.  Alfred  Aiireliiis  Wyman,  b.  Oct. 
26,  1863;  d.  Nov.  9,  1907;  m.  Flora  Wright  of  Fitchburg, 
in  which  city  he  was  a  successful  business  man.     Six  sons. 

13.  ii.       Myron  Dwight,  b.  Aug.  26,  1828;  d.  Jan.  29,  1832. 

14.  iii.      Ellen  Mariah,  b.  May  16,   1831;  d.  Jan.  26,  1832. 

15.  iv.      Louisa  Langdon,  b.  June  25,   1833.     She  attended  New  Ips- 

wich Academy,  graduated  from  the  Westfield  (Mass.)  Nor- 
mal School,  and  has  passed  her  life  as  a  teacher  and  reader. 
Res.  Boston. 

16.  v.       Horace  Stephen,  b.  July  22,  1835. -j- 

17.  vi.      Myron  Dwight,  b.  May  9,  1838. -f 

18.  vii.    Henry  Winslow,  b.  May  17,  1845.4- 



6.  Joseph^  (Stephen^,  Aaron^  Thomas*,  Noah^,  Joshlla^ 
Thomas^),  b.  Aug.  31,  1798;  m.  May  5,  1825,  Emily  Taylor 
(46).     He  was  a  farmer  in  Rindge.     Children: 

19.  i.        Warren  Taylor,  b.  Sept.  21,  1827;  d.  Oct.  2,  1827. 

20.  ii.       Emily  Taylor,  b.  Mar.  25,   1829;   d.  June  24,  1852:  m.  Apr. 

25,  1850,  Samuel. W.',  son  of  Walter'  (Lyman',  Joshua',  Jo- 
seph*, Joshua',  William',  Robert')  Fletcher  of  Westford, 
Mass.     He  is  a  merchant  in  West  Rindge.     One  son. 

21.  iii.      Calista  A.,  b.  Aug.  19,  1831;  m.  Pliny  F.  Towne  (39). 

22.  iv.      Caroline  M.,  b.  Sept.  28,  1834;  m.  Nov.  9.  1852,  her  brother- 

in-law  Samuel  W.  Fletcher.     Four  children. 

23.  V.       Charles  B.,  b.  Nov.  2,  1841 ;  d.  Council  Bluffs,  Iowa,  July  18, 

1871.     He  served  in  the  Civil  War  in  the  9th  N.  H.  Regt. 

7.  Walton^  (Stephen'^.  Aaron'^,  Thomas*,  Noah^  Toshua-, 
Thomas^),  b.  Sept.  4,  1800;  d.  May  5,  1881;  m.  Mar.  28,  1822, 
Arethusa,  dau.  of  Thomas  Piper  [b.  April  19,  1803;  d.  Apr. 
30,  1895].  He  succeeded  to  his  father's  farm,  living  in  the 
eastern  of  the  dwelling-houses  upon  it.     Children : 

24.  i.        Nancy  Piper,  b.  Aug.  20,  1823;  d.  Feb.  23,  1898;  m.  Sept.  23, 

1841,  George  W.  Stearns. 

25.  ii.        Eveline  Jewett,  b.  Sept.   14,  1825 ;  d.  May  6,  1901 ;  m.  June 

17,  1846,  Joshua  Chadwick  Towne  of  Rindge  [d.  Feb.  3, 

26.  iii.      Harriet  Taylor,  b.  Sept.  14,  1828;  d.  Nov.  3,  1831. 

27.  iv.      Ivers  Harvey,  b.  Apr.  27,  1831. + 

28.  V.       Mary  Ann,  b.   Nov.  21,   1833;   m.    (1)    Oct.  2,   1851,  George 

Raymond  Thomas  [d.  May  20,  1873];  (2)  Oct.  1,  1884, 
George  G.   Williams    (16).     Res.  Rindge.     Five  children. 

29.  vi.     Albert  Newton,  b.  June  6,  1836.-|- 

9.  Harvey^  (Stephen^,  Aaron^,  Thomas*,  Noah^,  Joshua^, 
Thomas^),  b.  May  30,  1805;  d.  Jan.  20,  1899;  m.  Lois  Burgess 
of  Ashburnham,  Mass.  [d.  Jan.  19,  1892].  Res.  Gardner, 
Mass.     Children : 

30.  i.  Harvey  P. 

31.  ii.  Euclid  L. 

32.  iii.  Newton. 

33.  iv.  Luella. 

11.  Newton^  (Stephen^  Aaron^  Thomas*,  Noah^,  Joshua^, 
Thomas^,  b.  Mar.  13,  1812;  d.  Feb.  28,  1898;  m.  June  2,  1841, 
Harriet  A.  Campbell  (6).  He  left  New  Ipswich  a  few  years 
after  attaining  his  majority  and  was  in  Boston  or  its  vicinity 
for  about  ten  years,  returning  to  his  native  town  in  1846  and 
purchasing  for  his  home  the  house  built  by  John  Crosby  at 
about  the  close  of  the  preceding  century,  standing  next  to  the 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

Barrett  mansion  on  the  south.     This  was  his  home  for  about 

thirty-five  years  until,  after  the  death  of  his  wife,  he  left  the 

town,  passing  his  later  years  with  his  son  in   Chicago.     He 

was   a   man   of  artistic   temperament  and   for   a   considerable 

time  was  occupied  in  the  production  of  oil  portraits.     After 

the  development  of  the  daguerreotype,  however,  he  turned  his 

attention  in  that  direction,  and  at  a  very  early  date  made  use 

of  the  gallery  upon  wheels  for  offering  the  later  forms  of  that 

line  of  work  to  the  public.    He  was  a  trustee  of  the  Academy 

for  a  considerable  period.     Child: 

34.  i.        Newton  Vinelle,  b.  Aug.  3,  1845;  m.   (1)   Mary  J.  Reynolds 
[d.  May  3,  1892]  ;  (2)  Mar.  23,  1896,  Mary  Partridge  Frank. 
Res.  in  Chicago.    One  son. 
James  Hosley'    (William",  William',  Nathan^  John',  John',  Henry'), 
d.  in  Greenfield,  Dec.  30,  1885 ;  m.  Sabrina  H.  Person  of  Prancestown. 

Gardner  Towne'  (William",  William^  Nathan*,  John',  John",  Henry'), 
b.  Hancock,  May  18,  1794;  d.  Pitchburg,  Mass.,  June  3,  1841;  m.  Mina 
Gove  [b.  about  1794;  d.  Oct.  31,  1879]. 

16.  Horace  Stephen®  (Stephen'^,  Stephen*',  Aaron", 
Thomas*,  Noah^,  Joshua",  Thomas^),  b.  July  22,  1835;  m. 
Ashby,  Mass.,  Sarah  Elisabeth  Rice.  Res.  in  Springfield, 
Mass.,  and  is  a  farmer  in  Ashby.  Has  been  a  teacher  and 
member  of  the  Legislature.     Children : 

38.  i.        pREDERic  Pratt,  b.  Springfield;  m.  Dec.  18,  1906,  Ada  Comer 

Waterman.  He  graduated  from  Boston  School  of  Phar- 
macy and  has  been  successful  in  business.  Res.  Norwood, 

39.  ii.       Mabel  Rice,  b.  Sept.  1,  1868.     She  graduated  from  Worcester, 

Mass.,  Normal  School  and  is  a  teacher  in  Worcester. 

40.  iii.     Lucy  Hubbard,  b.  Ashby,  Mass.,  Peb.  8,  1880.     She  graduated 

from  Worcester  Normal  School  and  is  a  teacher. 

17.  Myron  Dwight®  (Stephen^  Stephen^,  Aaron^, 
Thomas*,  Noah^,  Joshua-,  Thomas^),  b.  May  9,  1838;  m.  in 
Boston,  May  28,  1867,  Susan  Ann  Field.  He  has  been  a  busi- 
ness man  in  Boston,  Florida,  and  Georgia.     Child : 

41.  i.        Amy  Louise  C,  b.  May  12,  1870;  m.  June  12,  1899,  Dr.  Pred- 

eric  S.  Snow.    One  daughter. 

18.  Henry  Winslow®  (Stephen^  Stephen^,  Aaron^ 
Thomas*,  Noah^  Joshua^,  Thomas^),  b.  May  17,  1845;  m.  (1) 
June  11,  1868,  Jeannette  Wilson  Wright  [d.  Dec.  20,  1877]  ; 
(2)  Feb.  23,  1880,  Lucy  Reade  Wright  [d.  Oct.  26,  1905]. 
Res.  in  Chicago,  where  his  children  were  born.     Children : 



42.  i.        Maude  Wright,  b.  Apr.  10,  1869;  d.  New  York,  Feb.,  1896. 

Graduated  from  Normal  School  in  Philadelphia  and  was  a 

43.  ii.       Robert  Montgomery,  b.   Nov.  6,   1872;   d.  Johnstown,   Penn., 

Jan.  27,  1897;  m.  Oct.,  1896,  Margaret  Donnegan.     He  was 
a  civil  engineer. 

44.  iii.      Henry   Winslow,  b.   Dec.  20,   1877;   m.   Mar.  23,   1911,  Lucy 

Bennet    Claxton.      He    graduated    from    a  business   college 
in  New  York  city,  where  he  had  entered  upon  a  business  life. 

27.  IvERS  Harvey^  (Walton^,  Stephen^,  Aaron^  Thomas*, 
Noah^  Joshua-,  Thomas^),  b.  Apr.  27,  1831;  m.  (1)  Nov.  11, 
1852,  Nancy  R.  Bancroft  (4);  (2)  Jan.  1,  1908,  E.  Urania 
Wright.  He  has  been  a  farmer  in  Rindge  and  in  Ashby, 
Mass.,  and  has  held  the  office  of  deacon.     Children : 

45.  i.        Ancil  W.,  b.  April  2,   1855;   m.   Nettie  M.  Frost  of  Ashby, 

Mass.     Three  children. 

46.  ii.      Mary  Eveline,  b.   Sept.   14,   1858;   m.   Howard   P.   Lamb  of 

Rindge.    Four  children. 

47.  iii.     James  William,  b.  Apr.   17,   1861;  m.  M.  Emma  Walker  of 

Fitchburg,  Mass.     Four  children. 

48.  iv.      Jennie  Harriet,  b.  Sept.  19,  1863;  m.  Edward  R.  Wilder  of 

Fitchburg.     Four  children. 

49.  V.       Helen,   b.   June    13,    1866;    d.    Sept.   25,    1890;   m.    Charles  J. 

Hubbard  of  Ashby,  Mass.     Two  children. 

50.  vi.      Frederick  Eugene,  b.  Nov.  7,  1867;  m.  Nellie  E.  Whitney  of 

Ashby.     Three  children. 

29.  Albert  Newton*  (Walton'^,  Stephen^,  Aaron^, 
Thomas*,  Noah^,  Joshua^  Thomas^),  b.  June  6,  1836;  d.  Sept. 
25,  1881 ;  m.  Oct.  22,  1857,  Clementine  M.  Hale  of  Rindge  [b. 
Mar.  23,  1841].  He  was  a  farmer  and  succeeded  to  the  family 
estate.     Children : 

51.  i.        George   Henry,   b.   Feb.   29,   1864;   m.   Dec.   23,    1896,   Esther 

Jane  Green  [b.  Ashby,  Mass.,  Nov.  20,  1873].  Res.  Ashby. 
Children:  i.  Ruth  Elizabeth,  b.  Nov.  16,  1904.  ii.  Clara 
Helen,  b.  Nov.  8,  1906. 

52.  ii.       Oliver  Newton,  b.  Jan.   12,   1866;   m.   Sept.  5,   1893,   Martha 

Bell,  dau.  of  William  and  Isabel  (Maxwell)  Corbett  [b.  Apr. 
18,  1877].  Res.  Ashby.  Children:  i.  Minnie  Arthusa.  ii. 
Walton  Albert,     iii.  Laura  Abbie.     iv.  Hazel  Emma. 

35.  Frederick  A.*  (James  H.^  William^  William^  Na- 
than*, John^  John^  Henry^),  b.  Nashua,  Mar.  20,  1836;  d. 
Apr.  18,  1882;  m.  Sept.  15,  1860,  Helen  M.  Mansur  (15).  He 
came  to  New  Ipswich  in  early  manhood  and  until  his  death 
conducted  a  private  express  to  Boston,  living  during  nearly 
the  entire  period  at  New  Ipswich,  but  for  a  few  years  at  other 
towns  upon  his  route.    Child : 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

53.  i.        Lena  A.,  b.  July  20,  1861;  m.  May  11,  1891,  Frederic  Preston 


36.  Square  Gage«  (Gardner^  William*',  William^  Nathan*, 
John^  John^,  Henry^),  b.  Merrimac,  April  4,  1833;  d.  Dec.  26, 
1907;  m.  Dec.  30,  1855,  Sarah  L.  Griggs  of  Roxbury.  He  re- 
sided for  a  short  time  in  Bank  Village.  Six  children,  the 
youngest  of  whom,  Herbert  Griggs,  succeeded  to  his  father's 
business  in  Roxbury. 

37.  Edward  Chase^  (Gardner^  William®,  William^,  Na- 
than*, John^  John-,  Henry^),  m.  March  13,  1848,  Hannah 
Merrill,  dau.  of  Charles  Porter  [b.  Mar.  4,  1826;  d.  May  6, 
1881].  Lived  on  the  "Moses  Wilkins"  farm  1861-72.  Chil- 
dren : 

54.  i.  Lizzie,  m.  Jan.  4,  1875,  Thomas  K.  Bolton  (9). 

55.  ii.  Charles  Edward,  d.  July  27,  1873. 

56.  iii.  Susan  P. 

57.  iv.  Gertrude. 

BROWN  (Abraham). 

Abraham'  Brown,  d.  about  1650;  m.  Lydia  [d.  Sept.  27,  1686; 

m.  (2)  Nov.  27,  1659,  Andrew  Hodges  of  Ipswich,  Mass.].  He  was  a 
very  early  settler  at  Watertown  and  a  leading  citizen. 

Jonathan^  (Abraham'),  b.  Oct.  15,  1635;  d.  1691;  m.  Feb.  11,  1661/2, 
Mary,  dau.  of  William  and  Susanna  Shattuck  of  Watertown  [b.  Aug.  25, 
1645;  d.  Oct.  23,  1732]. 

Benjamin'  (Jonathan',  Abraham'),  b.  Feb.  27,  1681/2;  d.  Mar.  11, 
1753;  m.  Feb.  27,  1702/3,  Anna,  dau.  of  Capt.  Benj.  and  Elizabeth  (Bridge) 
Garfield  of  Watertown  [b.  June  2,  1683;  d.  Sept.  13,  1737].  He  lived  in 
that  part  of  Weston  afterwards  a  part  of  Lincoln. 

William'  (Jonathan^  Abraham'),  b.  Sept.  3,  1684;  d.  Oct.  28,  1756; 
m.  (1)  Jan.  10,  1704/5,  Hannah  Pease  of  Cambridge,  Mass.  [d.  Mar.  10, 
1717/8]  ;  (2)  Dec.  11,  1718,  Sarah,  dau.  of  Jonas  and  Grace  (Coolidge) 
Bond  [b.  about  1699;  d.  June  10,  1777].  He  was  a  member  of  the  first 
board  of  selectmen  of  Waltham,  Mass. 

Joseph^  (Benjamin^  Jonathan',  Abraham'),  b.  Feb.,  1717/8;  d.  Apr. 
2,  1788;  m.  Feb.  7,  1744/5,  Abigail,  dau.  of  Joseph  and  Elizabeth  Munroe 
of  Lexington  [b.  Jan.  21,  1723;  d.  Mar.  18,  1793].  Res.  in  Lincoln  and 

1.  Isaac*  (William^,  Jonathan^,  Abraham^),  b.  Dec.  5, 
1711;  d.  Oct.  6,  1759;  m.  Apr.,  1736,  Mary,  dau.  of  Thomas 
and  Mary  (Prentiss)  Balch  [b.  about  1714;  d.  Apr.  29,  1782; 
m.  (2)  May  22,  1760,  Nathan  Brown  of  Lincoln,  Mass.]  He 
may  not  have  been  a  resident  in  New  Ipswich,  but  his  imme- 
diate family  is  so  closely  identified  with  the  town  that  it  is 
here  presented  as  though  he  were  himself  a  townsman.     His 















Brown  (Abraham) 

widow  is  said  to  have  spent  her  last  days  with  her  youngest 
son  in  New  Ipswich.     Children : 

Mary,  b.  Mar.  17,  1738/9;  d.  Nov.  18,  1740. 

Isaac,  b.  Apr.  14,  1740;  d.  Nov.  16,  1740. 

Mary,  b.  Aug.  22,  1741 ;  d.  Oct.  7,  1742. 

Elizabeth,  b.  Mar.  3,  1742;  d.  young. 

Eunice,   b.    Oct.    10,    1744;    d.    Sept.   9,    1818;   m.   1764,   Rev. 
Stephen  Farrar  (1). 

Isaac,  b.  June  24,  1746;  d.  about  1752. 

Moses,  b.  Apr.  6,  1748;  d.  June  16,  1820;  m.  (1)  Oct.  16,  1774, 
Elizabeth,  dau.  of  Osmyn  Trask  of  Beverly  [d.  July  7, 
1788] ;  (2)  May  3,  1789,  Mary,  dau.  of  Rev.  Matthew  and 
Anna  (Perkins)  Bridge  [b.  Sept.  7,  1760;  d.  Feb.  21,  1843]. 
He  graduated  from  Harvard  College  in  1768.  He  was  a 
merchant  in  Beverly,  Mass.,  was  a  captain  in  the  Revo- 
lutionary War,  president  of  the  Provincial  Congress,  mem- 
ber of  the  Legislature,  and  a  Presidential  Elector  in  1808. 
Three  children. 
9.  viii.   Mary,  b.  Dec.  29,   1749;  d.  Nov.  30,  1824;  m.  June  1,  1769, 

Ephraim  Hartwell   (1). 
10.  ix.     Sarah,  b.  Oct.  6,  1751. 

11.x.  Aaron,  b.  Sept.  16,  1752;  d.  Nov.  14,  1811;  m.  (1)  1774, 
Elizabeth,  dau.  of  Thomas  and  Rebecca  (Whitney)  Stowell 
of  Waltham,  Mass.  [b.  June  14,  1752;  d.  Aug.  4,  1797]; 
(2)  Dec,  1799,  Thesta,  dau.  of  Hon.  Stowell  Dana  of 
Brighton,  Mass.  He  was  a  merchant  in  Boston,  and  is 
said  to  have  removed  to  New  Ipswich  in  his  later  life,  but 
neither  records  nor  tradition  give  further  details.  Nine 

Ephraim°  (Joseph\  Benjamin^  Jonathan^  Abraham^),  b.  Lincoln, 
Mass..  Aug.  30,  1756;  d.  Mar.  3,  1813;  m.  Oct.,  1779,  Elizabeth,  dau.  of 
Jacob  Wyman  of  Wayland,  Mass.    Eleven  children. 

12.  William*'  (Ephraim^  Joseph^  Benjamin^  Jonathan-, 
Abraham^),  b.  Lincoln,  Mass.,  May  22,  1807;  d.  Jan.  8,  1877; 
m.  June  10,  1830,  Lucy  Taylor  (45).  For  several  years  after 
his  marriage  he  had  a  general  store  at  what  is  now  Smithville, 
succeeding  Peter  Felt  in  the  house  at  the  corner  around  which 
the  road  from  the  Center  Village  turns  toward  the  "Fox  place" 
and  the  present  "Little  Finland."  Jeremiah  Smith,  from 
whom  the  village  was  later  to  receive  its  name,  was  asso- 
ciated with  him  for  a  time,  but  the  firm  was  not  of  long  dura- 
tion;  after  its  dissolution  Mr.  Smith  opened  just  across  the 
street  a  store  which  was  to  have  a  longer  life  than  any  other 
store  of  that  village,  while  Mr.  Brown  entered  the  colony  of 
New  Ipswich  people  then  forming  a  settlement  in  Iowa,  to 
which  his  wife  gave  its  name,  Denmark,  and  there  he  spent 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

his  remaining'  forty  years  of  life,  having  a  part  in  founding 
and  shaping  a  New  England  town  upon  what  was  then  al- 
most the  extreme  frontier.     Children: 

13.  i.  William  Taylor,  b.  Apr.  17,  1831.4- 

14.  ii.  Charles  Kendall,  b.  May  9,  1833.4- 

15.  iii.  Edward  Hills,  b.  May  9,  1836.+ 

16.  iv.  George  Stewart,  b.  Feb.  16,  1838. + 

17.  V.  Mary  Elizabeth,  b.  Oct.  21,  1841;  d.  Feb.  14,  1911;  m.  Feb. 

7,  1870,  John  J.  Day.  Res.  in  Denmark,  Iowa.  They  had 
no  children  but  adopted  in  her  infancy,  Lilian  Anna,  b. 
Aug.  9,  1879;  m.  Feb.  5,  1902,  Charles  Wharton;  she  resides 
upon  the  family  homestead  in  Denmark. 

18.  vi.      Harriet  Rebekah,  b.  Oct.  29,  1844;  m.  Feb.  7,  1870,  Newton 

L.  Mills  [b.  Gustavus,  O.,  Mar.  23,  1845]. 

19.  vii.     Lucy  Henrietta,  b.  Nov.  30,  1846;  d.  Eldon,  Iowa,  Aug.  21, 

1907,  unm. 

20.  viii.   Ellen   Sophronia,  b.  Mar.   14,   1853;  m.  Feb.   15,   1883,  Rev. 

Dallas  D.  Tibbetts.     Five  children. 

13.  William''  Taylor  (William,",  Ephraim^,  Joseph*,  Ben- 
jamin^  Jonathan^  Abraham^),  b.  Apr.  17,  1831;  d.  Aug.  30, 
1894;  m.  (1)  Apr.  23,  1856,  Almira  Jane  Dudley  [d.  Dec.  12, 
1891]  ;  (2)  Feb.  22,  1894,  Mrs.  Martha  Sutter.  Res.  in  Den- 
mark, Iowa.     Children : 

21.  i.        Olive  E.,  b.  July  25,  1859;  d.  Aug.  2,  1909;  m.  J.  E.  Trevett. 
Walter  W.,  b.  Aug.  20,  1862. 

Laura  L.,  b.  July  23,  1864;  d.  Feb.  26,  1897;  m.  Hiram  Ken- 

Bertha  G.,  b.  Feb.  10,  1866. 

Frank  O.,  b.  June,  1868;  d.  Oct.  20,  1868. 

LiLiA,  b.  Oct.,  1870;  d.  Jan.,  1871. 

14.  Charles  Kendall'  (William^  Ephraim^  Joseph*, 
Benjamin^  Jonathan^,  Abraham^),  b.  May  9,  1833 ;  d.  Fairhope, 
Ala.,  June  17,  1909;  m.  Nov.  1,  1860,  Harriet  N.  Briggs  [b. 
Utica,  N.  Y.,  June  11,  1836].     Children: 

27.  i.        Frank  L.,  b.  Dec.  26,  1861. 

28.  ii.       Nellie  M.,  b.  Sept.  28,  1863. 

29.  iii.     Anna  D.,  b.  Feb.  9,  1868. 

15.  Edward  Hills'  (William*',  Ephraim^  Joseph*,  Benja- 
min^  Jonathan^,  Abraham^),  b.  May  9,  1836;  d.  Middletown, 
Iowa,  July  18,  1911;  m.  (1)  Oct.  23,  1856,  Clara  Ellen  Dudley 
[b.  Oct.  23,  1856;  d.  Oct.  31,  1888];  (2)  Jan.  14,  1889,  Mrs. 
Anna  Diemer.    Children: 

30.  i.        Arthur  Allen,  b.  Oct.  13,  1857;  m.  Alice  Purcell.     He  is  a 

farmer  and  veterinarian  at  Columbia,  Mo.     Four  children. 












Brown  (Abraham) 

31.  ii.       Clarence  Edward,  b.  May  1,  1859;  m.  Lesta  Purcell.     He  is 

merchant,  Nevada,  Mo. 

32.  iii.      Etalea  Latoria,  b.  Apr.  2,   1866;  m.  William  Taylor.     Res. 

at  Keene,  Tex.    Five  children. 

33.  iv.      Charles,  b.  Aug.  7,  1872;  m.  Clara  Van  Syke.     He  is  a  well 

driller  at  Rocheport,  Mo.     Five  children. 

16.  George  Stewart'^  (William'',  Ephraim^,  Joseph*,  Ben- 
jamin^, Jonathan^,  Abraham^),  b.  Feb.  16,  1838;  d.  Geneseo, 
111.,  Feb.  19,  1888 ;  m.  Feb.  24,  1870,  Sophie  E.  Mills  of  Lewis, 
Iowa.     Children : 

34.  i.  Fred  Oliver,  b.  Dec.  3,  1870. 

35.  ii.  William  G.,  b.  July  2,  1875. 

36.  iii.  Edward  F.,  b.  July  2,  1875. 

37.  iv.  Edith  Julia,  b.  Dec.  20,  1879. 

BROWN  (John). 

JoHN^  Brown,  b.  England,   1608;  d.  Ipswich,  Mass.,  Sept.   13,   1677; 

m.  Mary  .     He  came  to  America  in  1635,  and  had  settled  at  Ipswich 

as  early  as  1640.    He  was  a  farmer  and  tailor. 

John-   (John'),  b.  about  1639;  d.  Apr.  9,  1727;  m.   (1)   Hannah  

[b.  about  1650]  ;  (2)  Elizabeth ;  (3)  Hannah  [d.  Nov.  17,  1727]. 

Res.  Ipswich. 

William'  (John=,  John'),  b.  1683;  d.  about  1753;  m.  Apr.  17,  1703, 
Dorothy,  dau.  of  Thomas  and  Elizabeth  Giddings.  He  was  a  weaver  at 

William'  (William^  John=,  John'),  d.  Dec.  31,  1799;  m.  Jan.  1,  1726, 
Elizabeth,  dau.  of  Joseph  and  Susanna  (Dutch)  Kinsman  [b.  Nov.  11, 
1707].    Res.  Ipswich  (prob.  1713-76). 

1.  Ebenezer^  (William*,  William^,  John^,  John^),  bapt. 
Oct.  14,  1744;  d.  June  7,  1814;  m.  Mar.  24,  1768,  Elizabeth  Per- 
kins [b.  about  1745;  d.  Mar.  19,  1837].  He  came  to  New 
Ipswich  about  1776,  and  settled  upon  lot  30,  N.  D.,  where  he 
was  a  farmer  and  also  a  blacksmith.    Children  : 

2.  i.  Ebenezer,  b.  Feb.  19,  1769.+ 

3.  ii.  Isaac,  bapt.  Nov.  18,  1770. 

4.  iii.  William,  bapt.  Nov.  15,  1772. 

5.  iv.  Elizabeth,  bapt.  Apr.  11,  1775;  d.  Apr.  30,  1775. 

6.  v.  Elizabeth  Perkins,  b.  Apr.  21,  1776. 

7.  vi.  Eleazer,  b.  1778.-[- 

8.  vii.  Lucy. 

9.  viii.  James. 

10.  ix.      Susan,  b.  about  1786;  d.  Apr.  21,  1857. 

11.  X.       Sarah. 

12.  xi.     Abigail,  b.  July  1,   1790;   d.   Oct.  23,   1873;   m.  Jan.  2,   1812, 

Daniel  Spaulding  (26). 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

2.  Ebenezer^  (Ebenezer^,  William*,  William^,  John^, 
John^),  b.  Feb.  19,  1769;  d.  May  20,  1849;  m.  (1)  Feb.  25, 
1796,  Lydia,  dau.  of  Daniel  and  Lydia  (Breed)  Mansfield  (7)  ; 
(2)  Cynthia  Holbrook.  He  was  a  clothier  in  Rindge  and  a 
deacon  in  the  church  of  that  town.     Children  : 

13.  i.        Ebenezer  Wilder,  b.  Feb.  22,  1797 ;  d.  Jan.  IS,  1839 ;  m.  Nov. 

29,  1821,  Eliza,  dau.  of  Thaddeus  and  Dorothy  (Coolidge) 
Richards.  He  succeeded  to  his  father's  business.  Children : 
i.  Franklin  Wilder,  b.  Aug.  24,  1822;  d.  Aug.  4,  1827.  ii. 
Eliza  Ann,  b.  Oct.  19,  1830;  m.  Warham  H.  Rugg. 

14.  ii.       Franklin,  b.  Apr.  17,  1799;  d.  Oct.  24,  1819. 

15.  iii.      Eliza,  bapt.  Feb.  4,  1810;  m.  Horace  A.  Breed  of  Fitchburg, 


7.  Eleazer*'  (Ebenezer^,  William*,  William^,  John-,  John^), 
b.  1778;  d.  July  24,  1855;  m.  Feb.  6,  1806,  Hannah  Morgan  [d. 
Jan.  25,  1867].  In  middle  life  he  became  interested  in  cotton 
manufactures,  then  steadily  increasing  in  New  Ipswich,  and 
about  1825  in  connection  with  Samuel  Batchelder  he  estab- 
lished a  factory  for  the  manufacture  of  tickings,  between  the 
sites  of  the  mills  known  at  different  periods  as  the  "Upper 
Factory"  and  the  "Lower  Factory,"  as  the  "Waterloom"  and 
"Souhegan  Mills,"  and  still  later  as  the  "Columbian,  No.  3" 
and  the  "Columbian,  No.  2."  "Brown's  Factory"  was  active 
until,  in  the  changing  methods  of  competition,  the  smaller 
mills  were  unable  to  maintain  a  profitable  activity.  For  a 
considerable  period  the  tax  assessed  against  Mr.  Brown  was 
exceeded  by  that  of  only  one  fellow  townsman.  He  was  in- 
terested in  military  affairs,  and  his  command  of  one  of  the 
militia  companies  caused  him  to  be  generally  mentioned  as 
"Capt.  Brown."    Children: 

16.  i.  Hannah  Maria,  b.  Dec.  9,  1806;  d.  1819. 

17.  ii.  Elvira,  b.  July  25,  1808;  d.  1809. 

18.  iii.  Elvira  E.,  b.  Jan.  1,  1810;  d.  1810. 

19.  iv.  Louisa  Reed,  b.  Mar.  4,  1811;  d.  Macon,  Ga.,  Mar.,  1838;  m. 

R.  R.  Graves. 

20.  V.       Lucy  Ann,  b.  Jan.  8,  1813;  d.  Oct.  22,  1909;  m.  Jan.  13,  1836, 

George  M.  Champney   (16). 

21.  vi.      George,  b.  Apr.  14,  1815;  d.  1816. 

22.  vii.     Henrietta,  b.  Jan.  16,  1817;  d.  Macon,  Ga.,  1848;  m.  Dec.  25, 

1837,  Edwin  Graves. 

23.  viii.   Charles  Bradford,  b.  Oct.  8,  1818;  d.  Feb.  11,  1825. 

24.  ix.      Mary  Jane,  b.  Jan.  28,  1821 ;  d.  Feb.  21,  1825. 

25.  X.       Horace  Willard,  b.  Oct.  31,  1822;  m.  Aug.  6,  1849,  Harriet 

N.  Tucker. 

26.  xi.     Sarah,  b.  Dec.  8,  1824;  d.  Dec,  1824. 



BROWN  (Jonathan). 

Jonathan'  Brown,  of  Westminster,  Mass.,  is  assumed  to  have  been 
descended  from  Nicholas  Brown  of  Westminster  and  Reading,  but  no 
certain  evidence  of  such  descent  is  known.  He  m.  Mehitable,  dau.  of 
James  Hay.     Res.  Westminster,  Mass. 

Jonathan-  (Jonathan'),  b.  about  1740;  d.  Mar.  14,  1820;  m.  Huldah 
Hawkes  [b.  about  1743;  d.  Jan.  1,  1818].  Res.  Reading  and  Westminster, 

Jonathan^  (Jonathan^,  Jonathan'),  b.  Reading,  Mass.,  Aug.  30,  1765; 
d.  July  24,  1840;  m.  Beulah,  dau.  of  Elisha  and  Beulah  (Taylor)  Jackson 
[b.  about  1772;  d.  Nov.  24,  1839].     He  was  a  farmer  in  Gardner,  Mass. 

Charles^  (Jonathan^  Jonathan",  Jonathan'),  b.  Mar.  12,  1800;  d.  Oct. 
16,  1863;  m.  Susan  Morehead  of  Gloucester,  Mass.  He  was  a  grocer  in 

1.  Charles  Severance^  (Charles*,  Jonathan".  • 
Jonathan^),  b.  Boston,  Nov.  18,  1844;  m.  (1)  1867,  Frances, 
dau.  of  Adrian  and  Abbie  (Harding)  Partridge  [d.  New  Ips- 
wich, 1889]  ;  (2)  1891,  Ruth,  dau.  of  Ephraim  Miller  of  Salem, 
Mass.  He  has  been  engaged  in  carriage  service  in  Boston 
since  1872,  but  passes  his  summers  in  his  country  home  in 
New  Ipswich,  formerly  the  home  of  Judge  Timothy  Farrar, 
(VIII:  1,  S.  R.)     Children: 

2.  i.        Albert   Edward,   b.   Feb.    19,    1871;   m.   Oct.  29,   1894,   Grace 

Joanna   Thayer    (20).      He   is    an   electrician    in    Hartford, 

3.  ii.       Susan  Morehead,  b.  Jan.  1,  1885. 

4.  iii.     Philip,  b.  Nov.  18,  1892. 

BROWN  (Joshua). 

Joshua  Brown',  m.  Prudence  Welch.  They  came  from  England  to 
America  and  settled  at  Coventry,  Ct. 

Benjamin'  (Joshua'),  m.  Jerusha  Edwards  of  Coventry. 

Benjamin'   (Benjamin',  Joshua'),  b.  Coventry,  Feb.  1,  1787;  d.  Sept. 

23,   1857;   m.  Azuba,  dau.  of   Samuel  and   Hannah    (Butterfield)    Searles 

[b.    Townsend,   Mass.,    Feb.    19,    1790;    d.    Nov.   29,    1839].     He   came   to 

Townsend,  Mass.,  in  early  manhood,  and  passed  his  life  there  as  a  farmer. 

1.  Samuel  S.*  (Benjamin^  Benjamin-,  Joshua^),  b.  Oct.  27, 
1814;  d.  Sept.  7,  1876;  m.  May  16,  1847,  Arabella  Augusta  Bate- 
man  (8).  He  came  to  New  Ipswich  while  yet  a  young  man  and 
was  actively  engaged  for  many  years  as  a  teamster,  his  home 
being  one  of  the  houses  formerly  standing  upon  the  north  side 
of  the  turnpike  easterly  from  the  High  Bridge,  which  were 
afterward  destroyed  by  fire.    Children : 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

2.  i.        Arabella  A.,  b.  Nov.  9,  1848;  m.  Nov.  20,  1878,  Joseph  Allen, 

son  of  Joseph  B.'  (Stephen",  Joseph",  John'*,  John^  Isaac^ 
Isaac^),  and  Mercy  L.  (Covell)  Cummings  [b.  May  16, 
1847],  a  machinist  in  Orange,  Mass.     Two  children. 

3.  ii.       Charles   S.,  b.  Jan.   17,   1851;   d.  Apr.   12,   1902;  m.  Apr.  27, 

1872,  Clara  L.,  dau.  of  Daniel  W.  and  Nancy  (Parkhurst) 
Rugg  of  Fitchburg,  Mass.  He  was  a  tinsmith  at  Taunton, 
Mass.,  for  many  years.     Two  children. 

4.  iii.     William  H.,  b.  May  19,  1852;  m.  Oct.  6,  1875,  Isabelle  McNabb 

of  Clinton,  Mass.  He  was  a  tinsmith,  but  later  has  been 
superintendent  of  the  waterworks  at  Shirley,  Mass.  Three 

5.  iv.     James  E.,  b.  Apr.,  1854;  d.  June  12,  1854. 

6.  V.       James  Frederick,  b.  May  10,  1855;  m.  June  13,  1886,  Etta  E., 

dau.  of  George  V.  and  Lorena  (Warner)  Davis  [d.  Apr. 
7,  1909].  He  is  a  marble  worker  and  undertaker  at  Shirley, 

BROWN  (Thomas). 

Thomas^   Brown   came   from   England,   and   he   settled   in   Concord, 

Mass.,  in  1640.     He  died  Nov.  3,  1688,  and  his  wife,  Bridget  ,  Mar.  5, 


BoAz=  (Thomas'),  b.  Feb.  14,  1641/2;  d.  Apr.  7,  1724;  m.  (1)  Nov. 
8,  1664,  Mary,  dau.  of  Edward  and  Jane  Winship;  (2)  Oct.  10,  1716, 
Abigail  (Ballard)  Wheat  [d.  July  20,  1726]. 

Thomas'  (Boaz',  Thomas'),  b.  May  12,  1716;  d.  May  13,  1739;  m. 
Rachel  Poulter. 

John'  (Thomas',  Boaz',  Thomas'),  b.  Sept.  18,  1694;  d.  Mar.  6,  1750; 
m.  Feb.  23,  1714/5,  Elizabeth,  dau.  of  Judah  and  Grace  (Brooks)  Potter 
[b.  July  23,  1699].  Two  of  his  sons  were  among  the  early  settlers  in 
New  Ipswich. 

1.  JoHN^  (John*,  Thomas^,  Boaz-,  Thomas^),  b.  July  1, 
1724;  d.  1803;  m.  Elizabeth  Bateman.  Irle  came  from  Concord 
to  New  Ipswich  during  the  early  period  of  the  Revolution, 
and  settled  in  an  elevated  position  between  Barrett  and  Kidder 
Mountains,  only  two  or  three  hundred  feet  below  their  sum- 
mits, very  near  to  the  crest  of  the  turnpike  which  was  destined 
to  cross  the  range  more  than  a  quarter-century  later.  His 
children,  of  whom  only  the  youngest  was  born  after  his  arrival 
in  New  Ipswich,  were: 

3.  i.        Elizabeth,    b.    June   30,    1753;    d.    Feb.   24,    1812;    m.    Lieut. 

Samuel",  son  of  Dea.  Ephraim'  (Thomas',  Thomas", 
Thomas'),  and  Abigail  (Wheeler)  Brown  [b.  Feb.  18,  1752; 
d.  Oct.  29,  1818].     Eleven  children. 

4.  ii.      John,  b.  Dec.  5,  1755.+ 

5.  iii.     Thaddeus,  b.  Mar.,  1758. 

6.  iv.     Asa,  b.  Apr.  10,  1759;  d.  Feb.  25,  1834. 


Brown  (Thomas) 

7.  V.       Anna,  b.   May  8,   1761;   d.  Apr.  28,   1825;   m.   Dec.  6,   1785, 

Willard  Spaulding  [b.  1761;  d.  1822]. 

8.  vi.      Rebecca,  b.  Mar.  17,  1763;  d.  Mar.  13,  1813;  m.  Josiah  French 

[d.  1840].     Five  children. 

9.  vii.    Joseph,  b.  Feb.  21,  1765.+ 

10.  viii.    Hannah,   b.   Apr.   28,    1767;    d.    Feb.    15,    1852;    m.    Apr.    16. 

1795,  Aaron  Brown   (19). 

11.  ix.      Reuben,  b.  Mar.  15,  1769.+ 

12.  X.       Hepzibah,    b.    Aug.    27,    1771;    d.    1834;    m.    Nov.    17,    1796, 

Stephen  Davis  (58). 

13.  xi.      Thomas,  b.  June  25,  1774. 

14.  xii.    Polly,   b.   Aug.   24,    1779;    d.   Feb.   24,    1832;   ni.   about    1798, 

Samuel  Wyman. 

2.  Josiah^  (John^  Thomas^  Boaz^,  Thomas^),  b.  Jan.  30, 
1742;  d.  Mar.  18,  1831 ;  m.  Oct.  31,  1765,  Sarah,  dau.  of  Joseph 
and  Rebecca  (Heywood)  Wright  [b.  Nov.  27,  1744;  d.  1821]. 
He  came  to  New  Ipswich  immediately  after  his  marriage,  and 
settled  upon  Flat  Mountain,  half  a  mile  eastward  from  his 
brother,  (62,  N.  D.,)  and  soon  became  a  prominent  man  in 
military  and  in  religiotis  matters.  His  name  is  borne  upon 
the  Concord  roll  as  that  of  a  sergeant,  he  was  first  lieutenant 
in  Capt.  Towne's  company  at  Bunker  Hill,  and  claimed  to 
have  fired  the  last  gun  before  the  retreat ;  and  he  afterward 
was  captain  in  command  of  a  company  largely  composed  of 
his  fellow  townsmen  which  responded  with  great  prompt- 
ness to  the  calls  for  immediate  aid  as  related  in  the  earlier 
part  of  this  volume.  He  was  one  of  the  foremost  in  the 
organization  of  the  Baptist  church,  in  which  he  was  made 
the  first  deacon.  Like  many  men  of  intense  vision  and  prompt 
action,  he  may  have  lacked  something  in  breadth  of  view,  but 
conscientious  and  faithful,  he  was  one  of  those  men  whose 
work  in  the  evolution  of  a  new  society  can  hardly  be  over- 
valued.    Children  —  all  born  in  New  Ipswich: 

15.  i.  Josiah,  b.  Oct.  1,  1766.-|- 

16.  ii.  Joseph,  b.  Oct.  10,  1767.+ 

17.  iii.  Jonas,  b.  Mar.  4,  1769.+ 

18.  iv.  Sarah,  b.  Nov.  22,  1770;  d.  Apr.  20,  1822;  m.  Reuben  Brown 


19.  V.       Aaron,  b.  Dec.  8,  1772.+ 

20.  vi.      Amos,  b.  Sept.  11,  1774.+ 

21.  vii.     Abner,  b.  July  27,  1776.+ 

22.  viii.    Rebecca,  b.  July  5,  1778;  d.  June  9,  1853;  m.  Nathan  Perry. 

23.  ix.     Levi,  b.  Aug.  6,   1780;   d.   Sept.   10,   1840;   m.  May   15,   1803, 

Betsey  Temple. 

24.  x.      Nathan,  b.  July  25,  1782.-]- 

25.  xi.     Heywood,  b.  July  2,  1784.+ 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

26.  xii.    Betsey,  b.  Feb.  7,  1787;  d.  July  11,  1793. 

27.  xiii.   Abigail,  b.  June  22,  1790;  d.  Apr.  24,  1864;  m.  Asa  Farnsworth. 

4.  JoHN^  (John^,  John*,  Thomas^,  Boaz^,  Thomas^),  b.  Dec. 
5,  1755;  d.  Nov.  17,  1830;  m.  Nov.  9,  1780,  Patty  Wright.  He 
came  from  Concord,  probably  with  his  father,  in  the  later 
part  of  his  yovith,  and  remained  during  the  earlier  years  of 
his  married  life.  Later  he  removed  to  Sharon,  and  in  1817  he 
sold  his  farm  in  that  town  and  removed  to  Alexander,  N.  Y, 
He  had  received  a  good  common-school  education  before  leav- 
ing Concord,  and  during  his  life  he  often  added  to  his  agricul- 
tural labors  the  duties  of  a  Baptist  minister.    Children : 

28.  i.        Abigail,  b.  Sept.  1,  1781;  d.  June  21,  1803;  m.  Apr.  19,  1801, 

David  Nay   [b.   1781;  d.   1803].     One  child. 

29.  ii.       Patty,  b.  1783;  d.  about  1803,  unm. 

30.  iii.     Cyrus,  b.  Mar.  20,  1785.+ 

31.  iv.      John,  b.  Mar.  5,  1787.+ 

32.  V.       Edward,  b.  1789;  d.  May  2,  1863;  m.  1818,  Almira  Jones   [d. 


33.  vi.      Sally,  b.  1791 ;  m.  1818,  George  Adams. 

9.  Joseph*'  (John^,  John*,  Thomas^,  Boaz^,  Thomas^),  b. 
Feb.  21,  1765;  d.  Dec.  16,  1840;  m.  (1)  Sept.,  1795,  Rebecca 
Walker  [b.  1770;  d.  1811];  (2)  Nov.  5,  1811,  Lucy  Proctor. 
He  was  a  Congregational  minister  at  Shapleigh,  Me.,  1795,  at 
Alfred,  Me.,  1805,  at  Cavendish,  Vt.,  1812.    Children : 

34.  i.        Mary,  b.  Oct.  8,  1796;  d.  Mar.  7,  1866;  m.  Dec.  31,  1819,  Israel 

Moore.     Three  children. 

35.  ii.      John,   b.   July   5,    1801;    d.    Feb.   22,    1843;   m.    (1)    Nov.    10, 

1829.  Clarissa  B.  Whipple  [d.  1832]  ;  (2)  Harriet  Doolittle. 
He  was  a  physician.  He  had  one  son,  John  Henry,  b.  Aug. 
15,  1830. 

36.  iii.      Lucy    Amelia,    b.    Feb.    15,    1813;    m.    Apr.    11,    1839,    Anson 

Spaulding.     Two  children. 

37.  iv.      George   Wellington,   b.   Oct.   4,   1814;   m.    (1)    Dec.  2,   1841, 

Sophia  Soper  [d.  1843]  ;  (2)  Mar.  7,  1849,  Irene  Woodbury. 
Three  children. 

11.  Reuben*'  (John^  John*,  Thomas^  Boaz^  Thomas^),  b. 
Mar.  15,  1769;  d.  July  17,  1853;  m.  July  1,  1793,  Sarah  Brown 
(18).  He  removed  from  New  Ipswich  to  Whitingham,  Vt., 
about  1800,  and  thence  ten  or  twelve  years  later  into  Canada, 
settling  in  a  new  town  which  received  the  name  of  Browns- 
ville in  his  honor.    He  was  a  prosperous  farmer.    Children : 

38.  i.        Charles  B.,  b.  May  10,  1796;  m.  Nov.  14,  1816,  Sophia  Stone. 

He  was  a  minister. 

39.  ii.      George,  b.  Aug.  24,  1797. 


Brown  (Thomas) 

40.  iii.     Reuben,  b.  1798. 

41.  iv.      Olive,  b.  May  11,  1801 ;  d.  July  6,  1883;  m.  Jan.  21,  1819,  Zenas 

Carey.  She  lived  in  Pamelia,  N.  Y.,  and  Richland,  N.  Y. 
Seven  children. 

42.  v.       Jesse,  b.  Oct.  22,  1802. 

43.  vi.      Betsey,  b.  Mar.  4,  1804. 

44.  vii.     Abner,  b.  July  27,   1805  ;,m.  Sept.  27,  1829,  Lucy  French   [b. 

1805;  d.  1882].     Nine  children. 

45.  viii.    Hannah,  b.  July  27,  1805. 

46.  ix.      Sar.\h,  b.  Mar.  13,  1807. 

47.  X.      John   Bateman,  b.   Mar.   10,   1811;   m.   Sept.   13,   1837,  Mary 

Herrick.     Three  children. 

48.  xi.     Lyman  Lockwood,  b.  Mar.  18,  1815. 

15.  JosiAH*^  (Tosiah^  John*,  Thomas^,  Boaz^,  Thomas^),  b. 
Oct.  1,  1766;  d.  Jan.  20,  1858;  m..  Apr.  19,  1792,  Alilicent,  dan. 
of  Edward  and  Thankful  Wright  [b.  June  25,  1767;  d.  1849]. 
He  removed  to  Whitingham,  Vt.,  where  he  passed  his  Hfe  as 
a  farmer.     Children : 

49.  i.        JosiAH,  b.  Sept.  24,  1793;  d.  July  19,  1794. 

50.  ii.       Cyrus,  b.  Apr.  20,  1795 ;  d.  Sept.  21,  1797. 

51.  iii.      RuFUS,  b.  Jan.  12,  1797;  d.  Aug.  9,  1875;  m.  (1)  May  1,  1820, 

Polly  Smead  [b.  1802;  d.  1839];  (2)  Ruth  (Greenwood) 
Belknap,  1841  [d.  1847]  ;  (3)  Dec.  13,  1848,  Mrs.  Eliza  M. 
Winn,  dau.  of  Abiatha  and  Betsey  Edwards.  He  lived  in 
Whitingham.     Four  children. 

52.  iv.      Peter,  b.  July  28,  1798 ;  d.  July  30,  1798. 

53.  V.       Clement,  b.   May  23,    1800;   d.  Aug.  7,   1849;   m.   1823,   Polly 


54.  vi.      MiLicENT,  b.  July  3.  1802;  d.  Feb.  24,  1803. 

55.  vii.     Abram,  b.  Dec.  10,  1803;  d.  Dec.  19,  1803. 

56.  viii.    Edmund,  b.  July  13,  1805;  d.  Oct.  11,  1866;  m.  May  5,  1831, 

Elizabeth,  dau.  of  Samuel  Potter  and  Elizabeth  (Brown) 
Prescott.     He  lived  in  Whitingham.     Six  children. 

57.  ix.      George  Witherell,  b.  Mar.  18,  1810;  m.  Oct.  4,  1832,  Frances 

E.  Bemis. 

16.  Joseph''  (Josiah^  John*,  Thomas^  Boaz^  Thomas^),  b. 
Oct.  10,  1767;  d.  Mar.  2,  1827;  m.  Sally  Preston  (10).  Like 
his  brother  Josiah  he  became  a  farmer  in  Whitingham,  Vt. 
Children  : 

58.  i.       Joseph  Wright,  d.  July  18,  1855. 

59.  ii.       James  Preston. 

60.  iii.     Jemima. 

17.  Jonas"  (Josiah^  John*,  Thomas^  Boaz^,  Thomas^),  b. 
Mar.  4,  1769;  d.  Feb.  23,  1836;  m.  Feb.  20,  1796,  Lois,  dau.  of 
Samuel  and  Abigail  Russell.  He  too  passed  his  life  as  a 
farmer  in  Whitingham,  Vt.     Children: 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

61.  i.        Jeremiah,   b.    Nov.   29,    1796;    d.   Mar.   4,    1849;    m.    Clarissa 


62.  ii.       Nancy,  b.  Mar.  16,  1798;  m.  James  Peebles. 

63.  iii.      Gratis,  b.  Apr.  16,  1800;  d.  Apr.  22,  1868;  m.  Joseph  Eames. 

64.  iv.      Harvey,  b.  Dec.  15,  1801;  d.  Feb.  13,  1874;  m.  Lucena  Fuller. 

65.  V.       Abigail,  b.  June  25,   1803;   d.   Mar.  3,   1873;   m.   1823,  Joseph 


66.  vi.     Leonard,  b.  Sept.  24,  1806;  m.  Feb.  9,  1834,  Lucinda  Martin. 

Five  children. 

67.  vii.     Lois,  b.  Aug.  25,  1808;  m.  Jan.  29,  1829,  Daniel  Fowler.     Five 


68.  viii.   Jonas,  b.  Apr.  8,  1810;  d.  Apr.  20,  1856;  m.  Emeline  Aldrich. 

69.  ix.      Russell,  b.  Feb.  21,  1812;  d.  May  7,  1835,  unm. 

70.  X.       Martin,  b.  Nov.  7,  1813;  d.  July  11,  1861;  m.  Mary  A.  Stacey. 

71.  xi.      Abel  W.,  b.  Nov.  2,  1817;  m.  Lucy  Horsley. 

19.  Aaron*^  (Josiah^,  John*,  Thomas^,  Boaz^,  Thomas^),  b. 

Dec.   8,    1772;  d.    Feb.    15,    1828;   m.   Apr.    16,    1795,   Hannah 

Brown   (10)    [b.  Apr.  28,  1767;  d.  Feb.  15,  1852].     He  was  a 

farmer,  occupying  the  farm  of  his  father-in-law,  John  Brown, 

on  the  crest  of  the  mountain.     He  also  for  a  few  years  after 

the  construction  of  the  turnpike  kept  a  store  near  his  home. 

He  sturdily  maintained  the  activities  of  his  father,  Capt.  Jo- 

siah  Brown,  being  a  lieutenant  and  also  a  prominent  supporter 

of  the  Baptist  church,  and  like  his  father,  a  deacon.     Children : 

n.  i.  Betsey,  b.  Jan.  23,  1796;  d.  Jan.  26,  1804. 

71.  ii.  Aaron,  b.  Sept.  28,  1797;  d.  May  22,  1798. 

74.  iii.  Addison,  b.  Mar.  11,  l799.-f 

75.  iv.  Hermon,  b.  Dec.  28,  1800.+ 

76.  V.  Mary,  b.   Feb.   14,   1803;   d.   Dec.    1,   1837;   m.    1836,   William 

11.  vi.     John  S.,  b.  Apr.  26,  1806.-f- 

20.  Amos''  (Josiah^,  John*,  Thomas^,  Boaz^,  Thomas^),  b. 
Sept.  11,  1774;  d.  May  10,  1864;  m.  Apr.  5,  1803,  Sarah  Tar- 
bell  [b.  1782].  He  was  also  a  farmer,  and  the  fourth  of  the 
brothers  at  Whitingham,   Vt.     Children  : 

78.  i.        Elliot,  b.  Aug.  15,  1804;  d.  1902;  m.  June  7,  1826,  Polly  Kings- 

bury.    He  was  a  physician.     Seven  children. 

79.  ii.      Aldis,  b.  Dec.  1,  1805;  m.   (1)   Mary  Goodenough;   (2)   Phila 

F.  Tenney. 

80.  iii.     Amos,  b.  July  9,  1807 ;  d.  Apr.  2,  1810. 

81.  iv.      Sally,  b.  Aug.  13,  1809;  d.  Dec.  4,  1849;  m.  T.  G.  Davis. 

82.  V.       Clarissa,   b.   Oct.    11,   1811;   d.   July  24,   1855;   m.   Dr.   Allen 


83.  vi.      Hannah,  b.  Jan.  5,  1816;  d.  June  13,  1817. 

84.  vii.    Amos  A.,  b.  Oct.  18,  1817;  d.  Jan.  2,  1869;  m.  Nov.  28,  1839, 

Mary  R.  Temple. 


Brown  (Thomas) 

21.  Abner«  (Josiah^  John^  Thomas^  Boaz^,  Thomas^)    b 
July  27,  1776;  d.  Apr.  4,   1824;  m.   (1)   Dec.   10,   1805,  Polly 
Jaquith;  (2)  May  16,  1815,  Polly  Ayer,  dau.  of  Ebenezer  and 

(Hevey)  Ayer.     He  succeeded  to  his  father's  farm,  and 

like  his  father,  held  the  office  of  captain.     Children: 

85.  i.        Mary,  b.  June  23,  1807;  d.  Nov.  6,  1835. 

86.  ii.       Almira,  b.  Apr.  30,  1809;  d.  Jan.  23,  1857;  m.  June  9.  1833, 

John  G.  Wilson   (26).     Two  children. 

87.  iii.      Lebanon,  b.  Jan.  23,  181 1.+ 

88.  iv.      LuRENA,  b.  Dec.  19,  1812 ;  d.  July  6,  1833. 

89.  V.       Abner  Hartwell,  b.  July  6,  18 16.+ 

90.  vi.      Marshall  H,,  b.  Mar.  1,  1817;  d.  Apr.  16,  1835. 

91.  vii.     Fidelia  O.,  b.  Dec.  13,  1820;  m.  1840,  David  M.  Dodge.    Two 


92.  viii.    SopHRONiA  P.,  b.  Nov.  4,  1822 ;  d.  Oct.  18,  1826. 

24.  Nathan^  (Jos^ah^  John*,  Thomas^  P.oaz-,  Thomas^), 
b.  July  25,  1782;  d.  Jan.  21,  1862;  m.  June  3,  1806,  Betsey  Gold- 
smith. He  remained  in  New  Ipswich  for  four  or  five  years 
after  attaining  his  majority,  and  then  joined  his  four  brothers 
at  Whitingham,  Vt.,  where  he  was  a  successful  farmer.  Chil- 
dren : 

Nathan,  b.  June  22,  1807.+ 

Sophia  Burnham,  b.  Oct.  27,  1809;  m.  May  23,  1833,  Jonathan 

Ballard  [b.  1798;  d.  1862].    Five  children. 
William  G.,  b.  Mar.  3,  1812.+ 
JosiAH  W.,  b.  June  15,  1815 ;  d.  July  5,  1816. 
Mary  E.,  b.  Sept.  9,  1818;  d.  Sept.  9,  1872,  unm. 

25.  Heywood*^  (Josiah^,  John*,  Thomas^,  Boaz^,  Thomas^), 
b.  July  2,  1784;  d.  Mar.  2,  1867;  m.  Feb.  5,  1809,  Sally  Wolcott 
[b.  1788;  d.  1876].  His  eldest  child  was  born  at  Lewis,  N.  J., 
the  second  at  Concord,  Mass.,  but  the  greater  part  of  his  life 
was  passed  at  Acton,  Mass.    Children : 

98.  i.        James  Madison,  b.  Feb.  8,  1810;  m.  (1)  Aug.  17,  1839,  Laura 

Keyes  [b.  1802;  d.  1848];  (2)  Dec.  26.  1848,  Amanda 
Pingrey  [b.  1826].  He  lived  at  Littleton,  Mass.  Ten  chil- 

99.  ii.       JosiAH  Wolcott,  b.  May  18,  1812;  m.  Oct.  23,  1842,  Harriet 

Newell  Parker  [b.  1821].  He  was  a  minister,  and  lived 
successively  at  Concord,  Mass.,  Derry,  N.  H.,  and  Manches- 
ter, Vt.     Ten  children. 

100.  iii.        Louise  Sacharissa,  b.  Apr.  3,  1815;  m.  June  1,  1835,  John 

Wetherbee  [b.  1807;  d.  1867].     Two  children. 

101.  iv.     Jane  Ann,  b.  Apr.  9,   1817;  m.  June  1,   1835,  George  Baker 

Oxley  [b.  1807]. 













History  of  New  Ipswich 

102.  V.       Samuel  Heywood,  b.  Aug.  3,  1819;  d.  Dec.  14,  1880;  m.  Apr. 

30,  1850,  Elethina  Burnham  [b.  1822;  d.  1863].  He  lived 
in  Acton  and  in  Littleton,  Mass.     Three  children. 

103.  vi.      Sarah  Wright,  b.  Jan.  8,  1822 ;  m.  Nov.  29,  1849,  S.  Augustus 

Child  [b.  1822].     Four  children. 

104.  vii.     Augustus  Winslow,  b.  Aug.  29,  1824;  m.  Apr.  4,  1848,  Lovey 

Blodgett  [b.  1827].     Ten  children. 

105.  viii.    Mary   Baker,   b.   Mar.  4,   1827;   m.   Nov.  28,   1848,  Moses   F. 

Greenwood   [b.   1827].     Six  children. 

106.  ix.      Harvey  Darkman,  b.  Aug.  14,  1831 ;  m.  July  4,  1855,  Jerusha 

C.  Little  [b.  1834].     Five  children. 

30,  Cyrus^  (John^  John^  John*,  Thomas^  Boaz^,  Thomas^, 
b.  May  20,  1785;  d.  Oct.  30,  1846;  m.  Dec,  1810,  Milla,  dau. 
of  Benjamin  and  Rebecca  Lawrence  [d.  1849].  He  passed  his 
early  manhood  in  Sharon,  but  at  about  the  age  of  thirty-three 
he  removed  to  Pembroke,  N.  Y.    Children : 

107.  i.       Joshua  L.,  b.  Aug.  12,  1812;  d.  June  20,  1860;  m.   (1)   Nov., 

1835,  Eliza  A.  Colby  [d.  1836];  (2)  Dec.  1,  1842,  Diana 
Osborne.    Three  children. 

108.  ii.       Abigail  W.,  b.  Dec.  8,   1815;   d.  Jan.  4,   1836;  m.   Feb.,   1835, 

Daniel  W.  Noble. 

109.  iii.     John  W.,  b.  May  7,  1817;  m.  Jan.  1,  1838,  Lorette  R.  Noble 

[b.   1818].     Eleven  children. 

110.  iv.      Harriet  M.,  b.  Aug.  2,  1819;  d.  Aug.  4,  1880;  m.  Dec,  1841, 

Joseph  M.  Gowing. 

111.  V.       Martha  W.,  b.  Apr.  3,  1822;  m.   (1)   Oct.,  1843,  Robert  Den- 

ham;    (2)   Jan.  3,   1865,  Mark  Kidder  [d.   1884]. 

112.  vi.      Cyrus,  b.  Dec.  12,  1824;  d.  Jan.  19,  1849,  unm. 

113.  vii.     Sarah  Theresa,  b.   Sept.  23,   1827;   d.  Jan.  4,   1863;  m.  Nov. 

20,   1850,  Nathaniel  W.  Stowell.     Three  children. 

114.  viii.    Edward  Dana,  b.  Oct.,  1829;  d.  July  12,  1850,  unm. 

115.  ix.      Levant  R.,  b.  Mar.  3,  1832;  m.   (1)   Mar.  28,   1854,  Laura  A. 

Warner  [d.  1877];  (2)  June  2,  1882,  Emma  L.  Sweeney. 
Four  children. 

31.  JoHN^  (John*',  John^,  John*,  Thomas^,  Boaz^,  Thomas^), 
b.  IMar.  5,  1787;  d.  Dec.  22,  1852;  m.  Oct.  12,  1817,  Mary  Skel- 
don  [d.  1884].  During  most  of  his  life  he  was  in  Buffalo, 
N.  Y.,  or  Darien  in  the  same  state.    Children : 

116.  i.        John  J.,  b.  Toronto,  Ont.,  Jan.  29,  1819;  m.  (1)  Feb.  23,  1845, 

Rebecca  A.  Hadley  [b.  1820;  d.  1868];  (2)  July  12,  1871, 
Harriet  J.  Gallup.  He  was  a  doctor,  naturalist,  and  teacher. 
Five  children  of  the  first  marriage. 

117.  ii.       Mary   Ann,   b.   Nov.    10,    1820;    m.    May,   1856,   David    Flint 

[d.  1872].     One  daughter. 

118.  iii.     George,  b.  Apr.  3,  1822;  d.  Mar.  22,  1833. 

119.  iv.      Thomas,  b.  Aug.  11,  1825;  d.  Aug.  17,  1834. 

120.  V.       Sarah  J.,  b.  Mar.  24,  1827;  m.  Dec,  1854,  James  Coalsworth. 

Three  children. 


Brown  (Thomas) 

121.  vi.      Edv.^ard,  b.  Aug.  10,  1830;  d.  June  7,  1864;  m.  Sept.  5,  1853, 

Sarah  Winans.     Three  children. 

122.  vii.     Cyrus,   b.   July  8,    1832;    d.   Aug.    13,    1863;   m.   July  7,    1855, 

Sabrina  Hutchinson.  He  was  a  civil  engineer.  He  served 
in  the  Civil  War  as  a  lieutenant  in  the  100th  New  York 
Regiment,  and  was  fatally  wounded  at  the  storming  of 
Fort  Wagner. 

123.  viii.    George,   b.    Apr.    10,    1834;    m.   Apr.   5,    1860,   Carrie   Garlock. 

Two  children. 

124.  ix.      Abigail,  b.  Feb.  8,  1836;  m.  Apr.  5,  1860,  Charles  Davis.    Two 


125.  X.       Millie,   b.   May  24,    1839;   m.  Apr.  3,    1861,   Hon.   Henry  M. 

Rich.     Two  children. 

126.  xi.     Daniel  C,  b.  Apr.  IS,  1841;  m.  Sept.  18,  1876,  Louisa  Brown. 

Three  children. 

74.  Addison^  (Aaron^  Josiah^  John*,  Thomas^  Boaz^. 
Thomas^),  b.  Mar.  11,  1799;  d.  May  11,  1872;  m.  Dec.  13,  1832, 
Ann  Elizabeth,  daii.  of  Abijah  and  Elizabeth  Wetherbee.  He 
graduated  from  Harvard  College  in  1826.  studied  at  the  Har- 
vard Theological  School,  and  was  pastor  of  the  Unitarian 
church  in  Brattleboro,  Vt.,  for  many  years.  He  was  after- 
ward a  teacher  in  Brattleboro  and  editor  of  the  Vermont 
Phoenix.    Children : 

127.  i.        Frances  Allen,  b.  June  15,  1834;  d.  Aug.  27,  1870,  unm. 

128.  ii.       Ann  Elizabeth,  b.  June  26,  1836;  d.  Feb.  9,  1862;  m.  May  3, 

1853,  Christian  Schuster.     Two  children. 

129.  iii.     Addison,  b.  June  6,   1838;   d.  Mar.  3,   1865;   m.  Feb.  7,   1863, 

Florida  S.  Starr. 

130.  iv.      Charles  Wetherbee,  b.  Nov.  7,  1840;  m.  Aug.  20,  1867,  Eliza- 

beth,  dau.  of  Nehemiah  and  Lucretia  Starr   [b.   1846]. 

131.  V.       Mary  Hannah,  b.  July  5,  1842;  m.   (1)   July  31,  1863,  Capt. 

Dennis  W.  Farr  [d.  1864]  ;  (2)  Feb.  7,  1867,  Col.  Augustus 
T.  Dunton. 

75.  Hermon^  (Aaron*',  Josiah^  John*,  Thomas^  Boaz^, 
Thomas^),  b.  Dec.  28,  1800;  d.  Aug." 23,  1876;  m.  Sophronia, 
dau.  of  Samuel  Potter  and  Elizabeth  (Brown)  Prescott.  He 
occupied  the  family  farm  upon  the  mountain,  and  succeeded 
his  father  and  grandfather  as  deacon  in  the  Baptist  church. 
Children : 

132.  i.       Addison  Prescott,  b.  Aug.  2,  1827;  m.  Dec.  26,  1850,  Frances 

Louisa  Chase  [b.  1829].  He  lived  in  Bellows  Falls  and 
Brattleboro,  Vt.,  and  in  Worcester,  Mass.     Three  children. 

133.  ii.       Hannah  Elizabeth,  b.  May  21,  1829;  d.  Sept.  14,  1831. 

134.  iii.     Joseph  Aaron,  b.  May  8,  1831 ;  m.  Feb.  8,  1854,  Lucy  A.,  dau. 

of  Benjamin  F.  and  Mary  E.  Davis. 

135.  iv.     John  Humphrey,  b.  Mar.  22,  1834;  d.  Feb.  23,  1845. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

136.  V.       Mary  Elizabeth,  b.  Mar.  16,  1836;  m.  May  21,  1857,  Charles 

H.  Burrough  [b.  1832].  She  lived  in  Boxboro,  Mass.  Six 

137.  vi.      Alfred  Hermon,  b.  July  14,  1838;  m.  Jan.  20,  1872,  Margaret 

E.  Gale    [b.    1851].     Three   children.     Res.    Canterbury. 

138.  vii.     George  Stillman,  b.  Nov.  12,  1840;  d.  Dec.  11,  1840. 

139.  viii.    SoPHRONiA  Eliza,  b.  Aug.  20,  1842;  d.  Sept.  16,  1842. 

140.  ix.     Hannah  Eliza,  b.  Nov.  19,  1843;  d.  Sept.  13,  1845. 

77.  John  S.^  (Aaron^,  Josiah^  John*,  Thomas^  Boaz^, 
Thomas^),  b.  Apr.  26,  1806;  d.  1902;  m.  Aug.  16,  1836,  Mary, 
dau.  of  David  and  Orra  (Bliss)  Ripley  of  Greenfield,  Mass. 
He  graduated  from  Union  College  in  1834,  taught  eight  years, 
and  then  after  a  couple  of  years  with  the  Brook  Farm  com- 
munity he  became  a  Unitarian  minister,  first  at  Fitzwilliam, 
N.  H.,  whence  he  removed  to  Ashby,  Mass.,  and  then  in  1857 
to  Lawrence,  Kan.,  where  his  ministerial  duties  were  supple- 
mented by  various  editorial,  official,  and  agricultural  occu- 
pations.    Children : 

141.  i.        Sarah  Alvord,  b.  Jan.  23,  1838.     She  was  an  Indian  teacher 

at  Lawrence. 

142.  ii.       William  Ripley,  b.  July  16,  1840;  m.  Oct.  28,  1868,  Lizzie  E. 

Balcom  [b.  1845;  d.  1884].  He  graduated  from  Union 
College  in  1862.  Res.  in  Earned,  Kan.  He  has  held  the 
offices  of  district  judge,  representative  in  Congress,  and 
register  of  the  U.  S.  Land  Office  at  Leavenworth,  Kan. 
Three  children. 

143.  iii.     Charles  Edward,  b.  Sept.  15,  1842;  d.  June  15,  1880;  m.  Aug. 

16,  1871,  Harriet,  dau.  of  William  and  Sarah  Bell.  He  was 
a  farmer  at  Lawrence,  Kan.     Three  children. 

144.  iv.      Mary  Whiton,  b.  Jan.  15,  1845;  m.  Apr.  4,  1867,  Alfred,  son 

of  Edward  B.  and  Nancy  Whitman  [b.  1842].  Seven  chil- 

87.  Lebanon^  (Abner*',  Josiah^  John*,  Thomas^  Boaz^, 
Thomas^),  b.  Jan.  23,  1811 ;  d.  July  21,  1846;  m.  Dec.  24,  1835, 
Marinda  Blanchard  (19)  [b.  Mar.  8,  1812].  He  removed  to 
Keene  about  1838,  and  there  remained  until  his  death. 
Children : 

145.  i.        Marshall  Lebanon,  b.  Apr.  18,  1837;  m.  Nov.  10,  1869,  Mrs. 

Helen  (Adams)  Child.  He  was  a  physician  at  Winchendon, 
Mass.     One  daughter. 

146.  ii.       Milan  Howard,  b.  Nov.  11,  1839;  d.  July  16,  1840. 

147.  iii.     Mary  Miranda,  b.  Keene,  N.  H.,  May  21,  1841;  m.  Feb.  9, 

1865,  William  D.  Parlin. 

148.  iv.      George  Abner,  b.   Keene,   N.   H.,  June  8,   1845;   m.  June  22, 

1867,  Ida  Lavine,  dau.  of  Reuben  and  Mrs.  Caroline  E. 
(Cowles)  Steward.    Six  children. 


Brown  (Thomas) 

89.  Abner  Hartwell^  (Abner«,  Jos^ah^  John^  Thomas^, 
Boaz^^  Thomas^),  b.  July  6,  1816;  d.  Apr.  21,  1851 ;  m.  Apr.  13,' 
1847,  Susan  Augusta  Shurtleff.  He  was  a  doctor.  Children- 
born  at  Hanover,  N.  H.: 

149.  i.       Abner  Hartwell,  b.  Dec,  1848;  d.  Sept.  20,  1849. 

150.  ii.       Susan  Anna,  b.  Aug.  19,  1850;  d.  May  16,  1885. 

93.  Nathan'  (Nathan«,  Jos^ah^  John*,  Thomas^  Boaz^, 
Thomas^),  b.  June  22,  1807;  d.  Jan.  1,  1886;  m.  (1)  May  6, 
1830,  Eliza  Whitney  Ballard  [d.  1871];  (2)  July  24,  1872, 
Charlotte  A.  (Worth),  widow  of  William  Marlett.  His  pa- 
rents removed  from  New  Ipswich  to  Whitingham,  Vt.,  in  his 
early  infancy,  and  his  boyhood  was  passed  in  that  town.  He 
entered  Williams  College  at  the  age  of  sixteen,  and  graduated 
as  valedictorian  in  1827.  The  following  five  years  were  passed 
in  teaching,  editorial  work,  and  preparation  for  the  Baptist 
ministry,  to  which  he  was  ordained  in  1832;  he  sailed  as  a 
missionary  to  Burmah  in  the  same  year.  In  1835  he  was  ap- 
pointed to  a  new  mission  in  Assam,  where  he  gave  twenty 
years  of  eminently  successful  and  honored  labor.  He  re- 
turned to  America  in  1855,  and  for  fifteen  years  was  editor  of 
the  American  Baptist,  but  in  1872  he  responded  to  the  call 
of  Japan  and  gave  the  last  thirteen  years  of  his  life  to  mis- 
sionary service  there,  bearing  the  same  stamp  of  earnest  ac- 
tivity and  consecrated  scholarship.     Children  : 

151.  i.        Dorothy  Sophia,  b.  Charlemont,  Mass.,  May  6,  1832;  d.  Sept. 

29,  1838. 

152.  ii.      William   Ballard,  b.   Maulmain,   Burmah,  June  7,   1835;   d. 

Aug.  10,  1835. 

153.  iii.     Nathan   Ballard,  b.   Sadiya,  Assam,  Sept.  8,   1836;  d.  Feb. 

11,  1841. 

154.  iv.      Eliza  Whitney,  b.  Sadiya,  Assam,  Sept.  30,  1838. 

155.  V.       William  Pearce,  b.  Sibsagor,  Assam,  Dec.  12,  1842. 

156.  vi.      Nathan  Worth,  b.  Yokohama,  Japan,  Oct.  22,  1877. 

95.  William  C.^  (Nathan^,  Josiah^  John*,  Thomas^  Boaz^, 
Thomas^),  b.  Mar.  3,  1812;  m.  Oct.  10,  1839,  Eunice  Fisher. 
He  entered  Williams  College  in  1833,  but  his  health  did  not 
permit  him  to  complete  his  course.  He  was  a  teacher  for 
several  years,  and  then  was  engaged  in  editorial  work  for 
about  twenty  years,  having  charge  successively  of  the  Ver- 
mont Telegraph  and  the  Voice  of  Freedom,  both  being  anti- 
slavery  papers  published  at  Brandon,  Vt.,  and  later  he  had 
charge  of  the  Chicopee  (Mass.)  Journal.     Children : 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

157.  i.        Ann  Judson,  b.  Aug.  8,   1840;   m.    (1)    Dec.   11,   1869,   Capt. 

Frank  Preston  [d.  1880]  ;   (2)   Oct.,  1881,  James  A.  Durfee. 
Two  children  of  first  marriage. 

158.  ii.      Addison  W.,  b.  Nov.  25,  1841;  m.  Nov.,  1864,  Jula  M.  Barr. 

One  daughter. 

159.  iii.     Francis  Fisher,  b.  Dec.  1,  1843;  m.  June  26,  1867,  Susie  Sea- 

man Brooks.     Ten  children. 

160.  iv.      Mary  Elizabeth,  b.  May  10,  1849;  m.  Oct.  9,  1875,  Moses  W. 


161.  v.       Frederick  C,  b.  Sept.  21,  1854;  m.  Mar.,  1878,  Ada  L.  Slyter. 


William^  Bucknam,  b.  Ipswich,  County  Suffolk,  England,  1602;  d. 
Maiden,  Mass.,  1679;  m.  (1)  Prudence,  dau.  of  John  and  Prudence  Wil- 
kinson; (2)  Sarah,  dau.  of  Thomas  and  Mary  Knower.  He  came  to 
America  in  the  Abigail,  one  of  the  Winthrop  fleet,  both  of  the  women 
whom  he  afterward  married  coming  in  the  same  fleet  with  their  parents, 
although  John  Wilkinson  is  believed  to  have  died  during  the  voyage. 
William  Bucknam  settled  in  that  part  of  Charlestown  called  "Mystic  Side," 
which  is  now  Everett,  where  he  was  a  carpenter,  but  later  he  became 
a  farmer  with  a  goodly  farm  in  the  region  now  constituting  Maiden.  The 
only  child  of  his  first  marriage  died  unmarried,  but  through  ten  children 
of  his  second  marriage  he  founded  the  American  family  of  his  name. 

JosEs'  (William'),  b.  July  3,  1641;  d.  Aug.  24,  1694;  m.  (1)  1664,  his 
cousin,  Hannah,  dau.  of  George  and  Elizabeth  Knower  [d.  1673]  ;  (2) 
Judith,  dau.  of  Lionel  and  Susanna  (Whipple)  North  of  Salisbury,  Mass. 
[b.  1647],  who  survived  her  husband,  and  m.  Capt.  John  Lynde  of  Maiden. 
Joses  Bucknam  was  prominent  in  town  affairs,  was  a  lieutenant  in  the 
militia,  and  served  in  King  Philip's  war. 

JosES^  (Joses',  William'),  b.  July  1,  1666;  d.  Apr.  5,  1741;  m.  Feb. 
24,  1691/2,  Hannah,  dau.  of  Capt.  John  and  Hannah  (Andrews)  Peabody 
of  Boxford,  Mass.  [b.  May  6,  1668].  He  lived  in  the  part  of  Maiden 
which  is  now  Everett,  where  he  was  a  farmer  and  also  a  weaver,  having 
erected  a  mill  for  making  cloth,  the  first  manufacturing  enterprise  under- 
taken in  Maiden,  and  which  was  continued  on  the  same  spot  by  three 
generations  of  the  family. 

Edward^  (Joses^  William'),  b.  of  second  marriage;  d.  1773;  m.  1716, 
Rebecca,  dau.  of  Samuel  and  Sarah  (Green)  Sprague.  Res.  in  that  part 
of  Charlestown  which  is  now  Stoneham,  and  was  one  of  the  original 
members  of  the  First  Church  of  Stoneham,  formed  in  1729. 

JosEs'  (Joses°,  Joses-;  William'),  b.  Apr.  17,  1692;  d.  Aug.  25,  1757; 
m.  Aug.  27,  1713,  Phebe,  dau.  of  Edward  and  Abigail  Tuttle  [b.  Boston, 
Aug.  12,  1690;  d.  May  6,  1767].  He  lived  upon  an  estate  descended  from 
his  great-grandfather  Knower.  He  was  a  respected  and  influential  citizen, 
especially  in  the  church,  of  which  he  was  a  deacon.  Like  his  father,  he 
was  both  "yeoman"  and  "weaver." 

Edward'  (Edward',  Joses=,  William'),  d.  1801;  m.  Jan.  5,  1742/3, 
Sarah,  dau.  of  Dr.  Isaac  and  Sarah  (Wright)  Hill.  Res.  in  Stoneham, 
Mass.,  and  was  a  deacon  in  the  First  church  for  35  years. 

JosES"  (Joses^  Joses',  Joses;  William'),  b.  1714;  d.  soon  after  his 
father,  not  having  completed  the  administration  of  the  estate;  m.  Mary, 



dau.  of  Bunker  and  Martha  Sprague  of  Maiden  [b.  Jan.  12,  1725/6]. 
He  lived  in  Maiden. 

James'  (Joses',  Joses',  Joses',  William'),  b.  Jan.  23,  1724/5;  d.  1799; 
rn.  Sept.  17,  1747,  Mary,  dau.  of  John  Goddard  of  Roxbury  [d.  1790J.  He 
lived  in  Maiden  and  in  Medford. 

Aaron'  (Joses',  Joses',  Joses=,  William'),  b.  Feb.  23,  1728/9;  d.  1778; 
m.  (1)  Nov.  5,  1760,  Alice,  dau.  of  Richard  and  Martha  (Barrett)  Skinner 
of  Lynn  and  Marblehead  [b.  1730;  d.  Aug.  24,  1767];  (2)  May  1,  1768, 
Joanna  Floyd  of  Chelsea.  With  the  exception  of  a  few  years  at  Chelsea, 
his  life  was  passed  in  his  native  town,  where  like  his  father  and  grand- 
father he  was  both  a  "yeoman"  and  a  "weaver,"  but  he  sold  the  shop 
and  waterpower,  thus  ending  a  family  industry.  He  served  in  the  Revo- 
lution in  1776  and  1777. 

Ebenezer'  (Edward',  Edward',  Joses',  William'),  m.  Rachel,  dau.  of 
Dr.  Thomas  and  Miriam  (Gray)  Hartshorn  (Rachel  Hartshorn  by  adop- 
tion)  [b.  1762].     Res.  in  Stoneham,  Mass. 

Joses'  (Joses',  Joses',  Joses',  Joses',  William'),  was  the  oldest  son  of 
Joses'  but  the  date  of  his  birth  is  not  known;  m.  Stoneham,  Mass.,  Sept. 
19,  1786,  Nabby,  dau.  of  William  and  Phebe  (Brown)  Hay.  He  hved  at 
Medford  at  the  time  of  his  marriage,  but  removed  to  Mason,  N.  H., 
where  he  died.  He  was  a  selectman  for  thirteen  years,  and  twice  repre- 
sented the  town  in  the  Legislature.  He  had  served  in  the  Revolution, 
and  received  a  grant  of  land  at  Glenburne,  Me.,  to  which  his  widow 
and  a  part  of  his  large  family  removed. 

Joanna'  (Aaron',  Joses',  Joses',  Joses',  William'),  b.  Sept.  11,  1769; 
d.  July  26,  1843;  m.  Feb.  6,  1788,  Phineas  Pratt  (1). 

1.  Ebenezer^  (James^  Joses*,  Joses^,  Joses^,  William^^),  b. 
Nov.  9,  1762;  m.  May  29,  1785,  Hannah  Varder  of  Medford. 
He  lived  successively  at  Maiden,  Medford,  and  Charlestown, 
and  for  a  few  years,  beginning  in  1821,  he  was  a  resident  in 
New  Ipswich,  living  on  or  near  the  road  from  the  turnpike 
across  Sawmill  Brook.  He  was  a  Revolutionary  soldier, 
and  was  known  as  Lieut.  Bucknam. 

2.  Benoni^  (Aaron^,  Joses*,  Joses^,  Joses^  William^),  b. 
Aug.  24,  1767;  d.  Sept.  8,  1833;  m.  Jan.,  1793,  Elizabeth,  dau. 
of  Richard  and  Mary  Floyd  [b.  1773;  d.  Apr.  19,  1855].  He 
came  to  New  Ipswich  at  about  the  time  of  his  marriage,  and 
settled  exactly  at  the  geographical  centre  of  the  town,  (XII : 
2,  S.  R.,)  where  he  passed  his  life  as  a  farmer.    Children : 

5.  i.        Benoni,  b.  Sept.  IS,  1793.-}- 

6.  ii.       Elizabeth,  b.  June  22,  1795;  d.  Nov.  8,  1828;  m.  Jan.  16,  1814, 

John  Russell. 

7.  iii.     John,  b.  May  30,  1797;  d.  Aug.  25,  1798. 

8.  iv.      John,  b.  Oct.  2,  1799.-+- 

9.  V.       Sally,  b.  Nov.  14,  1801 ;  d.  July  8,  1863 ;  m.  Joseph  Knowlton 

10.  vi.      Susan,  b.  Feb.  7,  1804;  d.  Feb.  24,  1883,  unm. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

11.  vii.  William,  b.  Nov.  8,  1806.+ 

12.  viii.  Aaron  Skinner,  b.  Aug.  30,  1809.+ 

13.  ix.  James,  b.  Oct.  12,  181 1.+ 

14.  X.  Alice  Marinda,  b.  Mar.  9,  1813;  d.  Apr.  21,  1856,  unm. 

3.  Edward^  (Ebenezer^,  Edward*,  Edward^  Joses-,  Wil- 
liam^), b.  Stoneham,  Mass.,  Aug.  4,  1789;  d.  New  Ipswich, 
Nov.  25,  1880;  m.  1814,  Sarah,  dau.  of  Nathan  and  Priscilla 
(Hadley)  Willey  [b.  Medford,  Mass.,  Nov.  3,  1789;  d.  Sept., 
1881].  He  lived  in  his  native  town  nearly  ninety  years,  at- 
tending to  his  professional  duties  as  a  civil  engineer  until  the 
last  two  years.  The  closing  years  of  himself  and  his  wife 
were  passed  in  New  Ipswich,  at  the  home  of  Daniel  B.  Gil- 
son,  (58,  N.  D.,)  Mrs.  Gilson  being  a  daughter  of  his  son 
Dexter  Bucknam. 

4.  Caleb^  (Joses*',  Joses^  Joses*,  Joses^,  Joses^,  William^), 
b.  Nov.  16,  1795;  d.  Aug.  3,  1874;  m..  (1)  Dec.  12,  1818,  Debo- 
rah Barrett  [b.  1800;  d.  Jan.  5,  1820]  ;  (2)  Dec.  26,  1820,  Louisa 
Brooks  Snow  of  Mason  [b.  Nov.  30,  1801;  d.  July  29,  1878]. 
The  home  of  his  youth  was  in  Mason,  although  he  is  said 
to  have  been  born  on  board  a  ship  on  a  voyage  from  Ports- 
mouth, N.  H.,  to  Norfolk,  Va.  Until  he  was  thirty-three 
years  of  age  he  lived  in  or  near  Mason,  but  was  for  a  little 
time  at  West  Townsend,  and  is  recorded  in  New  Ipswich 
for  a  few  years  following  his  second  marriage,  apparently  liv- 
ing near  the  intersection  of  the  old  "country  road"  and  the 
Turnpike.  In  1828  he  removed  to  "the  West,"  stopping  for 
ten  years  at  Pontiac,  Mich.,  and  being  county  sheriff  during 
most  of  the  time ;  thence  he  removed  to  Dubuque  county, 
Iowa,  where  he  purchased  land  and  founded  upon  it  the  town 
of  Cascade,  which  he  saw  increase  from  a  mere  Indian  trading- 
post  to  a  thriving  town,  near  which  in  an  honorable  position 
stands  his  monument.    Children  : 

15.  i.        Deborah,  b.  Dec.  31,  1819;  d.  about  1870;  m.  Sept.  27,  1836, 

Artemas  Russell.     Six  children. 

16.  ii.       Eliza  A.,  b.  Oct.  18,  1821;  m.  Mar.   14,  1838,  George  Grimes 

Baughart,   a  successful  business  man  in   Pontiac  and   Cas- 
cade.    Six  children. 

17.  iii.     Magnus   Johnson,   b.    Aug.    10,    1822;    d.    1894;    m.    Harriet 

Winchell.      He   lived    in    Cascade,    and    removed   thence   to 
California.     Three  children. 

18.  iv.      Mary  Snow^,  m.  W.  S.  Hall.    Four  children. 

19.  V.       William  D.,  b.  Oct.  16,  1825;  d.  1879;  m.  (1)  Chadwell; 

(2)  Mary  Tolman.     He  lived  in  Cascade.     Eight  children. 



20.  vi.      Elvira  G.,  b.  Jan.  8,   1833;  m.  Sept.  6,   1848,  James  Cooley. 

Twelve  children. 

21.  vii.     Harriet    Augusta,    b.    Mar.    3,    1835;    m.    Charles    Winchell. 

Lived  at  Exira,  Iowa.     Two  children. 

22.  viii.    CoNELiA  Maria,  b.  Mar.  3,  1837;  d.  June,  1838. 

23.  ix.     Charles  Eliott,  b.  June  6,  1838;  d.  1840. 

5.  Benoni^  (Benoni*^,  Aaron'\  Joses*,  Joses^,  Joses",  Wil- 
liam^),  b.  Sept.  15,  1793;  d.  Feb.  10,  1889;  m.  Anne  Coy. 
Soon  after  marriage  he  removed  to  Butternuts,  Chenango 
county,  N.  Y.,  where  he  was  a  farmer,  as  he  was  later  at 
Gilbertsville,  Otsego  county,  in  the  same  state ;  increasing 
years  caused  him  to  follow  his  son  James  Orren  to  Tripoli, 
Bremer  county,  Iowa,  where  his  wife  died  within  a  year,  while 
he  survived  his  son,  but  remained  in  his  former  home  with  a 
granddaughter  till  he  attained  the  age  of  ninety-six  years. 
Children : 

24.  i.        Horatio,   b.   probably   at    Butternuts,   where   he   married   and 

passed  his  life,  dying  of  consumption  and  leaving  one  son, 
Charles,  who  died  from  the  same  disease. 

25.  ii.       James  Orren,  b.  Gilbertsville;  d.  from  accidental  discharge  of 

a  gun  two  days  before  completing  his  fifty-sixth  year.  At 
the  age  of  thirty-four  he  removed  with  a  colony  of  settlers 
from  New  York  to  Iowa,  and  passed  his  remaining  years 
at  Tripoli.  He  was  an  earnest  Baptist  worker  and  temper- 
ance advocate.  He  married  and  had  at  least  one  daughter, 
who  married Nape,  and  succeeded  to  her  father's  home. 

26.  iii.      William  Otis,  b.  July  28,  1818;  m.  May  4,  1841,  Persis  Ann 

Clark.  Children :  i.  Ellen  Maria,  ii.  IVilliam.  iii.  Thomas. 
iv.  Fanny  H. 

27.  iv.      MiRANDAE,  d.  young. 

28.  v.       Sarah,  b.  Unadilla,  N.  Y.,  Aug.  12,  1824;  d.  Feb.  1,  1890;  m. 

(1)  Rev.  Russel;   (2)  July  8,  1882,  Rev.  Samuel  Poin- 

dexter,  with  whom  she  lived  at  Shapleigh,  Me.  She  was 
a  successful  music  teacher. 

29.  vi.      Harriet  Newell,  b.  June  16,  1828;  m.  June  16,  1858,  Lewis 

P.  Norton.  She  lived  in  Westfield,  Mass.  Child :  i.  Lewis 
F.  Norton;  he  graduated  from  Harvard  College  in  1886, 
and  is  a  lawyer  in  Boston. 

30.  vii.    DwiGHT  Livingston,  b.  Nov.  11,  1833;  d.  Sept.  1,  1843. 

8.  JoHN^  (Benoni«,  Aaron^,  Joses*,  Joses^  Joses^  Wil- 
liam^), b.  Oct.  2,  1799;  d.  Apr.  28,  1877;  m.  Dunbarton,  N.  H., 
Apr.  13,  1826,  Sarah,  dau.  of  John  and  Mary  (Robertson) 
Washer  of  Amherst,  N.  H.  [b.  Feb.  4,  1804;  d.  June  22,  1889]. 
He  learned  the  business  of  butcher  of  Jeremiah  Prichard  at 
Concord,  N.  H.,  and  followed  it  at  New  Ipswich  for  many 
years,  living  opposite  the  southeast  corner  of  the  old  burymg- 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

ground  upon  the  hill,  where,  after  age  made  him  less  vigorous, 
he  worked  diligently  repairing  shoes.     Children : 

31.  i.        Sarah  Elizabeth,  b.  Mar.  25,   1827;   d.   Sherbrooke,  Quebec, 

Dec.  11,  1896;  m.  Hiram  C.  Wilson  [b.  Bradford,  Vt.,  Jan. 
10,  1827;  d.  Sherbrooke,  Quebec,  Nov.,  1900].  He  had  a 
large  music  store  at  Sherbrooke.     Four  children. 

32.  ii.       Helen  Miranda,  b.  May  27,  1833;  m.  Sept.  1,  1853,  Charles, 

son  of  Samuel  and  Harriet  (Conant)  Jenkins  of  Townsend. 
She  lived  in  Mason  and  Greenville  many  years,  her  church 
membership  in  the  Greenville  Congregational  church  ex- 
tending through  more  than  half  a  century.     Four  children. 

33.  iii.      Martha  Jane,  b.  Apr.  6,   1836;  m.  July  31,  1862,  Braman  I. 

Wilson  of  Alstead,  N.  H.  [b.  Oct.  29,  1836].  He  enlisted 
in  the  9th  N.  H.  Regt.  eight  days  after  his  marriage  and 
was  appointed  sergeant;  but  he  served  only  a  few  weeks, 
as  he  died  at  Pleasant  Valley,  Md.,  Oct.  23,  1862.  One 
child,  Carrie  B.  Wilson,  b.  May  1,  1863;  lives  with  her 
mother  at  Leominster,  Mass. 

34.  iv.     John  Benoni,  b.  June  20,  1842.+ 

35.  V.       Harriet  Louise,  b.  June  20,  1842 ;  m.  Aug.  19,  1862,  Harrison 

D.  Evans,  son  of  Horace  and  Lavina  (Washburn)  Evans 
of  Peterboro  [b.  May  2,  1836].  He  had  entered  Dartmouth 
College,  but  in  his  sophomore  year  he  left  his  studies  and 
on  the  day  before  his  marriage  enlisted  in  the  11th  N.  H. 
Regt.,  in  which  he  served  almost  three  years,  his  wife  at 
the  same  time  being  a  teacher  in  the  South.  After  the 
war  they  lived  in  New  Ipswich,  Sharon,  and  Milford,  but 
since  1880  their  home  has  been  at  Ayer,  Mass.  He  was  at 
first  a  farmer,  but  later  became  engaged  in  the  nursery 
business.  Children:  i.  Minnie  H.  Evans,  b.  Dec.  11,  1866; 
she  is  a  milliner,  ii.  Jennie  May  Evans,  b.  Sept.  9,  1869;  m. 
William  McLean,  who  has  since  died.  iii.  Harrison  E. 
Evans,  b.  Aug.  8,  1881. 

11.  William'^  (Benoni®,  Aaron^  Joses^  Joses^  Joses^  Wil- 
liam^),  b.  Nov.  8,  1806;  d.  Aug.  11,  1871;  m.  Sept.  15,  1841, 
Ruth  Taylor  (39).  He  was  a  farmer  living  a  quarter-mile 
south  from  the  Congregational  church.  Children — born  in 
New  Ipswich : 

36.  i.        William  Taylor,  b.  Dec.  12,  1842. -|- 

37.  ii.       Harriet  Asenath,  b.  Dec.  12,  1843;  d.  Mar.  IS,  1856. 

38.  iii.      Samuel  Lee,  b.  July  7,  1844.-f- 

12.  Aaron  Skinner^  (Benoni^  Aaron^  Joses*,  Joses^ 
Joses^  William^,  b.  Aug.  30,  1809;  d.  Mar.  13,  1889;  m.  (1) 
Jan.  23,  1839,  IVIary  Ann  Pierce  (13)  ;  (2)  June  27,  1866,  Mrs. 
Rebecca  (Wheeler)  (115)  Weston.  He  was  a  farmer  on  the 
paternal  farm.    Children : 



39.  i.        Harrison  Aaron,  b.  July  14,  1841 ;  d.  Sept.  24,  1894 ;  m.  Ellen 

M.  Walton  of  Boylston,  Mass.  He  lived  in  Leominster, 
and  afterward  in  Fitchburg,  where  he  died. 

40.  ii.       Mary  Jane,  b.  Sept.  19,  1844 ;  d.  Apr.  9,  1898,  unm. 

41.  iii.      James  Pierce,  b.  May  16,  1849;  d.  Jan.  19,  1859. 

42.  iv.      Eleanor   Elizabeth,   b.   July  8,    1854;   m.   Frank   O.,   son   of 

Quincy  and  Amanda  Kendall  of  Ashby.  They  live  in 

13.  James^  (Benoni'',  Aaron^,  Joses*,  Joses^,  Joses^,  Wil- 
liam^),  b.  Oct.  12,  1811 ;  d.  Jan.  10,  1890;  m.  (1)  July  17,  1838, 
Mehitable,  dau.  of  Phineas  and  Joanna  (Waite)  Pratt  (11); 
(2)  Nov.  28,  1844,  Almira  Dunklee  [b.  Apr.  8,  1818J.  He 
was  a  tanner  and  currier  in  Rutland,  Vt.,  for  ten  years,  but 
in  1849  he  removed  to  Pittsford,  Vt.,  where  he  remained  until 
his  death.     Children  : 

43.  i.        Annette  F.,  b.  Dec.  22,  1839. 

44.  ii.       Alice  Miranda,  b.  June  23,  1844;  m.  Nov.  25,  1874,  Frank  A. 

Newton  [b.  July  8,  1850;  d.  Mar.  14,  1896].  She  lived  in 
Northfield,  Mass.  One  child,  Carrie  D.  Newton,  b.  Feb.  3, 
1876;  d.  Feb.  25,  1876. 

45.  iii.     James. 

46.  iv.      Marion  A.,  b.  Apr.  15,  1852. 

34.  John  Benoni^  (John^  Benoni^  Aaron^  Joses*,  Joses^ 
Joses^  William^),  b.  June  20,  1842;  m.  Jan.  1,  1866,  Mary  E., 
dau.  of  Horace  and  Lavinia  (Washburn)  Evans  of  Peterboro 
[b.  Nov.  23,  1845].  He  was  for  several  years  a  travelling 
salesman,  and  afterward  a  painter.  They  have  lived  in  Mel- 
rose, Lynn,  and  Swampscott.    Children: 

51.  i.        Frank   A.,  b.   Nov.  9,    1866;   m.   Elizabeth   French.     He  has 

lived  in  Melrose  and  in  Swampscott.  Three  children :  i. 
Frank  W.,  b.  Dec.  21,  1893.  ii.  Mary  C,  b.  Apr.  27,  1895.  iii. 
Sarah,  b.  July  16,  1896. 

52.  ii.       Arthur  B.,  b.  Sept.  5,  1868.     Lives  in  Chicago. 

53.  iii.     Carrie,  b.  Nov.  28,  1870;  d.  Oct.  24,  1876. 

54.  iv.     John  F.,  b.  Sept.  22,  1872 ;  d.  Oct.  19,  1872. 

36.  William  Taylor^  (William^  Benoni«,  Aaron^  Joses^ 
Joses^  Joses^,  William^),  b.  Dec.  12,  1842;  m.  Dec.  30,  1867, 
Josephine  Maria,  dau.  of  James  and  Hannah  (Wood)  Simonds 
(5).  He  succeeded  to  his  father's  farm.  He  was  a  selectman 
several  years.     Children : 

55.  i.        Katherine  Maria,  b.  Jan.  27,  1871;  m.  Aug.   16,  1905,  Rev. 

Henry  A.  Barber.  She  lives  in  Rye.  Children:  i.  Alfred 
William  Barber,  b.  July  24,  1906.  ii.  Katherine  Louise 
Barber,  b.  Sept.  27,  1907. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

56.  ii.       Mary  Abbie,  b.  Oct.  19,  1876;  d.  Feb.  18,  1911;  m.  Mar.  29, 

1899,  George  W.  Sargent  [m.  (2)  Jan.  1,  1912,  Helen 
Churchill].  Res.  in  New  Ipswich.  Children:  i.  Eleanor 
Maria  Sargent,  b.  July  23,  1903.  ii.  Marjorie  Josephine 
Sargent,  b.  July  20,  1908;  d.  Oct.  6,  1909.  iii.  Robert  Wil- 
liam Sargent,  b.  Feb.  10,  1911. 

Z^.  Samuel  Lee**  (William^,  Benoni^,  Aaron^,  Joses*,  Joses^ 
Joses^  William^),  b.  July  7,  1844;  m.  July  26,  1881,  Mary  J. 
Wilcox.     He  lives  in  Leominster.     Children : 

57.  i.       Glen  Taylor,  b.  May  14,  1882. 


No  less  than  seven  of  the  early  settlers  at  Watertown,  Mass.,  some 
of  whom  certainly  were  brothers,  bore  this  family  name,  but  the  tradi- 
tions concerning  their  relationship  are  not  reliable.  Descendants  from 
two  of  these  pioneers  settled  in  New  Ipswich,  as  shown  below  under  their 
ancestral  names. 

BULLARD  (George). 

George'  Bullard  of  Watertown  took  the  freeman's  oath  in  1641 ;  d. 

Jan.   14,   1688/9;  m.   Beatrice  .     He  lived  in  the  western  part  of  the 

town,  which  is  now  Weston. 

Jonathan'  (George'),  b.  July  12,  1647;  m.  (1)  Dec.  22,  1669,  Dester, 
dau.  of  Joseph  Morse  of  Watertown;  (2)  Mar.  23,  1721/2,  widow  Eliza- 
beth Barns  of  Marlborough. 

Jonathan'  (Jonathan^,  George'),  b.  Dec.  25,  1672;  d.  Sept.  14,  1719; 
m.  Anna  [m.   (2)   Edward  Harrington].     He  lived  in  Weston. 

1.  Ebenezer*  (Jonathan^,  Jonathan-,  George^),  b.  Weston, 

Oct.  14,  1719,  d.  New  Ipswich,  May  11,  1768;  m.  Mary . 

He  was  one  of  the  earliest  settlers  in  New  Ipswich,  probably 
preceded  by  only  three  or  four.  He  settled  in  the  extreme 
eastern  part  of  the  town,  (I:  2,  S.  R.)     Children: 

2.  i.        Asa,  b.  Dec.  7,  1743 ;  d.  Sept.  12,  1765. 

3.  ii.       Simeon,  b.  Aug.  19,  1745.+ 

4.  iii.      Keziah,  b.  Apr.  22,  1747;  d.  June,  1843;  m.  (1)  William  Start 

(3)  ;  (2)  Mar.  20,  1788,  Ezra  Towne  (1)  ;  (3)  Feb.  13,  1800, 
Jonathan  Hartshorn  [d.  1812].  She  then  removed  to  Cam- 
den, Me.,  where  she  lived  for  more  than  thirty  years. 

5.  iv.     John,  b.  June  10,  1749. 

6.  v.       Ephraim,  b.  Apr.  13,  1751;  d.  Dec.  1,  1752. 

7.  vi.      Mary,  b.  Sept.  12,  1753. 

8.  vii.     Ebenezer,  b.  Apr.  1,  1756. 

9.  viii.    Sarah,  b.  May  28,  1758. 

10.  ix.      Susannah,  b.  Feb.  13,  1761 ;  d.  Mar.  18,  1765. 

11.  X.       Asa,  b.  Apr.  18,  1765.     It  is  stated  in  the  former  history  that 

he  graduated  at  Dartmouth  College,  was  principal  of  the 
Franklin  school  in  Boston,  afterward  studied  medicine  and 


Bullard  (George) 

was  a  successful  practitioner,  and  that  he  died  at  Mt. 
Vernon  about  1826.  But  the  Dartmouth  General  Catalogue 
gives  the  name  as  that  of  a  graduate  of  1793,  who  received 
a  medical  degree  at  Harvard,  and  died  in  1836,  aged  61, 
which  makes  it  doubtful  whether  he  was  Asa,  the  son  of 

3.  Simeon^  (Ebenezer*,  Jonathan^  Jonathan^,  George^),  b. 
Aug.  19,  1745;  m.  about  1771,  Ruth  Adams  (H.  16).    Children: 

12.  i.        Ruth,  b.  Aug.  7,  1772. 

13.  ii.       AzuBAH,  b.  July  20,  1774. 

14  iii.  Caleb,  b.  Sept.  7,  1776;  d.  Jan.  1,  1777. 

15.  iv.  Ebenezer,  b.  Aug.  7,  1780;  d.  Jan.  15,  1811. 

16.  v.  Mary,  b.  May  20,  1782. 

17.  vi.  Sarah,  b.  Feb.  20,  1784;  m.  Luther  Bowers. 

18.  vii.  Asahel,  b.  Mar.  15,  1786. 

BULLARD  (John). 

JoHN^  Bullard,  of  Watertown,  was  one  of  the  first  settlers  at  Ded- 
ham,  signing  the  "Dedham  Covenant"  in  1636.  He  was  also  one  of  the 
original  proprietors  of   Medfield,  to  which  he  removed  about   1650,   and 

where  he  died  July  4,  1668.    He  m.  (1)  Magdalen [d.  Mar.  20,  1661] ; 

(2)   Ellen,  widow  of  Thomas  Dickerman  of  Dorchester. 

Joseph'   (John'),  b.  Apr.  26,  1643;  m.  Sarah  .     He  succeeded  to 

his  father's  farm  at  Medfield. 

Ebenezer^  (Joseph",  John'),  of  Medfield,  d.  1765;  m.  Susanna [d. 


1.  Joseph*  (Ebenezer^  Joseph-,  John^),  b.  Medfield,  Jan. 
16,  1719;  d.  Mason,  N.  H.,  Mar.  3,  1792;  m.  Mar.  22,  1754, 
Sarah  Proctor  of  Westford,  Mass.  [b.  Feb.  25,  1729;  d.  Nov. 
5,  1820].  He  settled  in  New  Ipswich  at  about  the  same  time 
as  Ebenezer  of  the  preceding  family,  who  was  probably  his 
kinsman,  although,  as  is  shown  above,  their  connection 
through  the  family  name  must  have  been  very  distant.  The 
two  lived  together,  however,  for  ten  or  twelve  years,  but 
upon  his  marriage  Joseph  settled  on  the  next  lot  to  the  west, 
(II :  2,  S.  R.,)  and  soon  after  he  removed  to  Mason,  where 
he  passed  his  life  upon  a  farm  which  has  been  occupied  by 
successive  generations  of  his  descendants.     Children : 

2.  i.        Silas,  b.  Apr.  2,  1755.+ 

3.  ii.       Isaac,  b.  June  29,  1757;  d.  1760. 

4.  iii.      Peter,  b.  Apr.  23,   1760.     He  lived  successively  at  Wyoming, 

Pa.,  and  Marietta,  O. 

5.  iv.      Eleazer,  lived  at  Cincinnati,  O. 

2.  SiLAS^  (Joseph*,  Ebenezer^,  Joseph^,  John^),  b.  Apr.  2, 
1755 ;  d.  May  15,  1835 ;  m.  July  1,  1782,  Avis  Keyes  of  Ashford, 












History  of  New  Ipswich 

Ct.  [b.  Dec.  30,  1763;  d.  Mar.  23,  1836].    He  lived  at  Mason, 
where  were  born  fifteen  children : 

6.  i.        Joseph,  b.  Apr.  2,  1783.+ 

Sampson,  b.  Oct.  24,  1784.+ 

SiLAs,  b.  Sept.  5,  l786.-\- 

Amasa,  b.  July  22,  1788;  d.  Aug.  25,  1808,  at  Copenhagen, 

Isaac,  b.  Nov.  1,  1790.+ 

Sally,  b.  Feb.  21,  1793;  m.  Feb.  27,  1812,  John  Felt  of  Tem- 
ple [b.  Apr.  20,  1789].  She  lived  at  Wilton,  N.  H.,  and  had 
seven  children. 

12.  vii.     Eleazer,  b.  Nov.  9,  1794;  d.  July,  1825. 

13.  viii.   Jesse,  b.  Nov.  3,  1796;  d.  July  21,  1797. 

14.  ix.     John,  b.  May  20,  1798;  d.  May  20,  1798. 

15.  X.       Caleb  Emerson,  b.  Aug.  29,  1799.+ 

16.  xi.      Charles  Keyes,  b.  Feb.  22,  1801 ;  d.  May  7,  1860,  unm.     After 

a  successful  business  life  he  came  to  New  Ipsw^ich  and 
bought  for  his  residence  the  house  built  by  Charles  Shedd 
just  north  from  the  town  hall,  and  here  passed  his  later 
years  with  his  sister  Clarissa  and  her  husband. 

17.  xii.    Clarissa  Page,  b.  May  26,  1802.-|- 

18.  xiii.    Abigail  Brooks,  b.  Dec.  20,  1804;  m.  Elias  Taylor  of  Jafifrey 

[b.  Dec.  7,  1797].  She  lived  at  Jaffrey,  and  had  seven 

19.  xiv.   George,  b.  Oct.  26,  1806;  d.  May  5,  1807. 

20.  XV.     Harriet  Keyes,  b.  Dec.  22,  1808;  m.  Nov.  2,  1828,  John  M. 

Maynard  [b.  Jafifrey,  May  12,  1801].     She  had  five  children. 

6.  Joseph*^  (Silas^  Joseph*,  Ebenezer^  Joseph^  John^),  b. 
Apr.  2,  1783;  d.  June  9,  1843;  m.  Oct.  23,  1809,  Lucy  (Felt) 
Cragin  of  Temple  [b.  Nov.  26,  1780].  He  lived  in  Rindge. 
Children : 

21.  i.  Lucy,  b.  July  20,  1810. 

22.  ii.  Amasa,  b.  May  2,  1812. 

23.  iii.  Elvira,  b.  Sept.  19,  1815. 

24.  iv.  Silas,  b.  Aug.  29,  1817. 

25.  V.  Stephen  Felt,  b.  June  8,  1823. 

7.  Sampson**  (Silas^  Joseph*,  Ebenezer^  Joseph^  John^), 
b.  Oct.  24,  1784;  m.  Nov.  8,  1818,  Ivah  Patterson  [b.  June  5, 
1798;  d.  July  16,  1854].  He  lived  successively  at  Boston,  Con- 
cord, N.  H.,  and  Littleton,  N.  H.     Children: 

26.  i.        Enoch  P.,  b.  Sept.  16,  1819. 

27.  ii.       Caroline  I.,  b.  Apr.  9,  1821. 

28.  iii.     George  H.,  b.  Sept.  6,  1823;  d.  May  17,  1840. 

8.  Silas**    (Silas^  Joseph*,   Ebenezer^  Joseph^  John^),   b. 

at  Mason,  N.  H.,  Sept.  5,  1786;  d.  Feb.  5,  1835;  m.  May  2, 

1820,     Mary     Ann     Barrett     (14).       He     lived     in     Boston. 

Children : 


Bullard  (John) 

29.  i.        Mary,    b.    Nov.   6,    1821;    m.    John    S.    Dwight   of    Boston,    a 

musical   critic   and   publisher.     They  were   at   Brook   Farm 
before  their  marriage. 

30.  ii.       Charles   Barrett,  b.  Nov.  22,   1823;   m.  Isabel  Gould.     Two 

sons.     He  went  to  California  in   1849.     He  had  a  farm  at 
Shirley,  Mass.,  and  passed  his  last  years  in  New  Ipswich. 

31.  iii.      Martha  Ann,  b.   Dec.  26,    1825;   m.   Charles  Reed.     Res.   at 


32.  iv.      Sar.\h   Jane  Wollstonecraft,  b.   Sept.   11,  1828;  d.  Oct.   13, 

1904,  unm.     She  made  her  home  in  the  old   Barrett  man- 
sion during  the  last  twenty-five  years  of  her  life. 

10.  Isaac*'  (Silas^  Joseph*,  Ebenezer^,  Joseph^,  John^),  b. 
Nov.  1,  1790;  m.  Sept.  10,  1816,  Nancy  Fay  [d.  Feb.  24,  1827]. 
He  lived  at  Mason.    Children : 

33.  i.  Charles  A.,  b.  Jan.  9,  1819;  d.  Nov.  4,  1850. 

34.  ii.  Mary  Ann,  b.  Mar.  26,  1820. 

35.  iii.  George  C,  b.  Sept.  25,  1822;  d.  Dec.  24,  1826. 

36.  iv.  George  F.,  b.  Jan.  7,  1827. 

15.  Caleb  Emerson*'  (Silas^,  Joseph*,  Ebenezer^,  Joseph^, 
Johni).  b.  Aug.  29,  1799;  m.  June  2,  1821,  Sophronia  Kimball 
of  Nelson,  N.  H.  [b.  Aug.  10,  1801.]     Children: 

37.  i.  Benjamin  K.,  b.  Jan.  22,  1826;  d.  Aug.  18,  1829. 

38.  ii.  Abigail  A.,  b.  Oct.  19,  1828. 

39.  iii.  Franklin  K.,  b.  Jan.  20,  1834. 

40.  iv.  Louisa  S.,  b.  June  27,  1837. 

41.  V.  Mary  C,  b.  Jan.  3,  1841. 

17.  Clarissa  Page**  (Silas^,  Joseph*,  Ebenezer^,  Joseph-, 
John^),  b.  May  26,  1802;  d.  Aug.  8,  1879;  m.  Feb.  5,  1819, 
Charles  Granger  [b.  Suffield,  Ct.,  June  8,  1799;  d.  New  Ips- 
wich, Nov.  21,  1865].  She  lived  at  Mason  and  at  New  Ips- 
wich.    Children : 

i.        Catherine  A.  Granger,  b.  May  13,  1821 ;  m.  John  H.  Coy. 

ii.       Charles  H.  Granger,  b.  Mar.  31,  1823. 

iii.     James  W.  Granger,  b.  Sept.  30,  1825;  d.  Jan.  24,  1864. 

iv.      Mary   Ann    Granger,    b.    Dec.    10,    1829;    m.    Aug.   9,    1849, 

Frederick  H.  Moore. 
V.       George  E.  Granger,  b.  Mar.,  1832;  d.  Aug.  5,  1832. 
vi.      Martha  M.  Granger,  b.  Oct.  3,   1833 ;   d.  Dec.   14,   1902 ;  m. 

Apr.  6,  1859,  William  A.  Preston    (70). 
vii.    Caroline  E.  Granger,  b.  Sept.  7,   1840;   d.   1905;  m.  Apr.  2, 

1874,  James  White  Moore. 


1.  William^  Burrows,  b.  about  1728;  d.  1825.  He  is  said 
to  have  come  to   New  Ipswich  from  Hartford,   Conn.     His 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

name  first  appears  upon  the  town  records  in  1785.  He  first 
settled  near  the  south  line  of  the  town,  a  little  east  of  the 
point  where  the  river  enters  from  Ashby,  on  lot  74,  A.  D., 
but  apparently  remained  there  only  a  few  years,  removing  to 
the  Francis  Fletcher  farm,  (XIII:  1,  S.  R.)  The  place  of  his 
home  there,  upon  a  road  now  almost  impassable,  extending 
from  Davis  Village  to  the  house  of  George  S.  Wheeler,  can 
still  be  recognized,  but  the  house  was  suddenly  destroyed  by 
its  owner  about  sixty  years  since  to  prevent  its  appropriation 
by  the  town  authorities  for  the  use  of  sufiferers  from  smallpox. 
Children : 

2.  i.        William,  b.  about  1766.+ 

3.  ii.       Hannah. 

4.  iii.      Joseph,   m.   July   12,    1790,  Lydia   Preston    (9),   and   removed 

to  Whitingham,  Vt.  It  is  not  certain  that  he  was  a  son 
of  William,  but  as  his  name  appears  upon  the  town  records 
but  a  little  later  than  that  of  his  assumed  father,  and 
earlier  than  that  of  William,  Jr.,  the  assumption  seems 
reasonable.  There  are  known  to  have  been  other  children, 
probably  never  residents  in  the  town. 

2.  William-  (William^),  b.  about  1786;  d.  Mar.  10,  1807; 

m.  1789,  Sarah  Fletcher  (30)   [m.  (2)  Richard  Wheeler  (13)]. 

He  was  a  farmer  on  the  same  farm  with  his  father.     Children : 

Sarah,  b.  June  7,  1790;  m.  Sept.  13,  1818,  Oliver  Harris  (1). 
Lydia,  b.   Oct.   17,   1792;   d.  July   10,   1818;   m.  Nov.  27,   1815, 

Rev.  John  Parkhurst. 
Ruth,  b.  Oct.   14,  1795;  m.  Jan.  4,  1816,  Jonas  Button. 
Celia,  b.  May  20,  1798;  m.  Feb.  22,  1820,  Rev.  John  Parkhurst. 
Laura,  b.  Apr.  8,  1801;  d.  Mar.  6,  1820. 
William  Fletcher,  b.  Apr.  24,  1804. 
Elvira,  b.  June  28,  1807;  d.  Feb.  28,  1850;  m.  1832,  Leonard 

Hastings    (2). 


Boniface*  Burton  was  one  of  the  earliest  settlers  of  Lynn,  Mass., 
where  he  died  June  13,  1669,  at  which  time  he  was  said  to  be  113  years 
old,  but  a  historian  of  that  time  adds  the  remark  ''I  am  afraid  that  much 
exaggeration  was  formerly  used  with  respect  to  the  ages  of  old  people." 

John^  (Boniface*),  d.  Oct.  14,  1681.  Res.  Salem,  where  he  was  free- 
man in  1638.     He  was  a  Quaker  and  suffered  punishment  for  his  belief. 

Isaac"  (John",  Boniface*),  d.  1706.     Res.  in  Topsfield  and  in  Salem. 

John*   (Isaac',  John',  Boniface*),  d.  1750. 

John'  (John',  Isaac',  John',  Boniface*),  b.  about  1711;  d.  Feb.  11, 
1791;  m.  May  14,  1734,  Abigail  Paine  of  Salem  [b.  about  1713;  d.  Aug. 
28,  1796].  He  resided  for  a  time  in  Middleton,  Mass.,  and  removed  thence 
to  Wilton. 

















John"  (John',  John*,  Isaac',  John',  Boniface*),  b.  about  1738;  d.  Nov. 
18,  1816;  m.  at  Topsfield,  Mass.,  Oct.  7,  1756,  Rebecca  Gage  [b.  about 
1739;  d.  Aug.  17,  1831].  He  was  a  farmer  and  miller  in  Wilton,  where 
he  held  the  office  of  selectman  and  town  clerk.     He  was  called  deacon. 

John'  (John*,  John',  John',  Isaac',  John',  Boniface'),  b.  March  25, 
1767;  m.  (1)  Jan.  27.  1791,  Eunice,  dau.  of  Dea.  Peter  and  Rebecca 
(Russell)  Heald  of  Temple  [b.  Apr.,  1771]  ;  (2)  April  20,  1836,  Susannah 
Carter  of  Wilton.  He  removed  to  Andover,  Vt.,  where  he  was  captain 
of  militia,  but  returned  to  Wilton  in   1808. 

Dexter*  (John',  John®,  John",  John^  Isaac^  John^  Boniface'),  b.  at 
Andover,  Vt.,  Oct.  16,  1802;  d.  June  3,  1855;  m.  April  20,  1824,  Clarissa 
O.,  dau.  of  Jesse  and  Sarah  (Tidder)  Spofford  of  Temple  [b.  June  12, 
1803].     Res.  in  L3mdeboro,  where  he  was  selectman  for  several  years. 

1.  Dexter  Lionel^  (Dexter^,  John^,  John*',  John^  John*, 
Isaae,  John^,  Boniface^),  b.  Apr.  10,  1825;  d.  May  3,  1896; 
m.  Dec.  16,  1853,  Emily  Frances,  dau.  of  Jonathan  and  Mary 
G.  (Newcomb)  Ward  of  Hampton  Falls,  N.  H.  [b.  Dec.  21, 
1828;  d.  Feb.  25,  1908].    Children: 

2.  i.        George  Dexter,  b.  Oct.  26,  1855 ;  m.  Jan.  16,  1893,  Frances  R. 

Jones   (61).     Promoter  of  the  Burton  Stock  Car  and  many 
electrical  devices  and  machines. 

3.  ii.       May    Eva,    b.    Jan.    9,    1858;    m.     (1)    Mar.,    1876,    Jeremiah 

Kittredge   Chandler    (R.   97)  ;    (2)    June    17,    1908,    Stephen 
W.  Wheeler. 

4.  iii.      Ida. 

5.  iv.      Nellie. 

6.  V.      John. 


1.  Robert^  Campbell,  a  native  of  Scotland,  was  in  New 
Ipswich  as  early  as  1760.  His  name  appears  upon  the  tax- 
lists  of  the  town  from  its  incorporation  until  1791,  soon  after 
which  he  probably  died.  He  lived  upon  the  "Jesse  Stearns 
farm,"  (7,  N.  L.  O.)  No  record  of  his  family  has  been  found 
except  that  of  the  census  of  1790,  according  to  which  it  then 
consisted  of  three  males  above  sixteen  years  of  age,  one  male 
below  that  age,  and  five  females,  but  the  name  of  only  one 
child  is  known. 

2.  Caleb^  (Robert^),  b.  about  1741;  d.  1800;  m.  (1)  Nov. 
26,  1789,  Nabby,  dau.  of  John  and  Elizabeth  Wilkins  [b.  Aug. 
8,  1769];  (2)  Apr.  22,  1794,  Lydia  Stratton  (S.  4).  He  suc- 
ceeded to  his  father's  farm.  Only  two  children  are  recorded, 
but  a  third  is  probably  known.     Children : 

3.  Caleb,  b.  about  1791. + 

4.  Mary,  m.  Dec.  22,  1817,  Samuel  Cragin   (13). 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

5.  Lydia,  m.  May  7,  1812,  John  Kinsman  of  Fitchburg.     She  is 

not  recorded,  but  probably  was  daughter  of  Caleb. 

3.  Caleb^  (Caleb^  Robert^),  b.  about  1791;  d.  Feb.  5,  1863; 
m.  Nov.  25,  1813,  Lucy  Taylor  (29).  He  passed  the  greater 
part  of  his  life  as  a  farmer  on  the  road  to  Smith  Village,  his 
farm  being  on  the  site  of  the  third  home  of  Abijah  Foster, 
(IX:2,  S.  R.)     Children: 

6.  i.        Harriet  Atwood,  b.  Mar.  26,  1815;  d.  July  1,  1879;  m.  June 

2,  1841,  Newton  Brooks  (11). 

7.  ii.       Mary  Ann,  b.  Apr.  27,   1816;  d.  Sept.   19,   1886;  m.  Apr.   10, 

1834,  Samuel  Gushing  (1). 

8.  iii.      Maria,   b.   Dec.    18,   1820;   m.   Cheseldon   Perry,   a  hotel   pro- 

prietor at  Brattleboro,  Vt.     Eleven  children. 

9.  iv.      George  Galeb,  b.  Jan.  1,  1823;  d.  Mar.  12,  1885;  m.  July  14, 

1844,  Abby  Jane  Newton.  He  succeeded  to  the  paternal 
farm,  but  made  the  home  of  his  later  years  at  the  Genter 
Village,  in  the  house  long  occupied  by  Moody  Adams  nearly 
opposite  the  Barrett  mansion.  He  was  largely  interested  in 
the  lumber  business  and  was  one  of  the  selectmen. 

10.  V.       Eveline,  b.  Nov.   14,   1824;  m.  John  Perry.     Res.  at  Brattle- 

boro, Vt.,  and  removed  thence  to  Wisconsin.  Three  chil- 

11.  vi.      Myra,  b.  Apr.  25,  1826;  d.  Brooklyn,  N.  Y.,  Mar.,  1900. 

12.  vii.     Lucy,  b.  Aug.   1,  1830;  m.   Benjamin  H.  Ghase,  a  jeweler  at 

Brattleboro,  Vt.,  and  at  Ghicago. 

13.  viii.   Emily  Frances,  b.  Dec.   17,   1832;   d.  June,   1884.     She  gave 

the  service  of  many  years  to  the  Faith  Home  for  Incura- 
bles at  Brookljm,  N.  Y.,  and  died  in  that  institution. 

14.  ix.      Helen,   b.   Feb.    17,    1835;   m.   William   Mills,   at  that   time   a 

worker  in  the  Y.  M.  G.  A.  at  Providence,  R.  I.,  and  later 
an  Episcopal  clergyman. 

15.  X.       Abby  Henrietta,  b.  June   1,   1837.     She  is  superintendent  of 

the  Faith  Home  for  Incurables  at  Brooklyn,  N.  Y.,  which 
she  with  her  sister  Emily  Frances  established  in  1875,  and 
which  has  done  a  most  beneficent  work  for  many  years. 


Thomas^  Carr  of  Sudbury,  Mass.,  m.  Nov.  2,  1741,  Grace  Sherman 
of  Marlboro,  Mass.  He  was  a  farmer,  and  his  farm,  originally  of  300 
acres,  remained  in  the  family  for  four  generations. 

Thomas^  (Thomas^),  b.  Sudbury,  Dec.  20,  1742;  m.  Abigail  Lovering. 
He  had  a  part  in  the  Revolutionary  uprising  of  April,  1775,  and  served  in 
the  field  during  later  years. 

John'  (Thomas',  Thomas'),  b.  Feb.  21,  1773;  d.  Mar.  23,  1855;  m. 
Dec.  24,  1797,  Dorcas  Haynes  [b.  about  1771;  d.  Oct.  29,  1840].  He  served 
in  the  War  of  1812. 



1.  Emery*  (John^,  Thomas^,  Thomas^),  b.  Sudburv,  Apr. 
3,  1799;  d.  Nov.  24,  1880;  m.  Mar.  30,  1825,  Abigail  Rice  of 
Stow,  Mass.  [b.  Sept.  13,  1800;  d.  Nov.  24,  1888].  He  lived 
in  Fitchburg,  Mass.,  during  his  early  manhood,  but  in  1834 
he  came  to  New  Ipswich  and  built  a  sawmill  a  little  south  of 
the  "white  school-house"  on  the  Turnpike,  on  146.  A.  D.  At 
a  later  date  he  moved  southerly  a  mile  and  a  half  and  made 
his  home  near  the  Rindge  line,  (131,  A.  D.)     Children: 

3.  i.  Rebecca  Smith,  b.  Sudbury,  Feb.  4,  1826;  d.  Apr.  3,  1844. 

4  ii.  James  Emery,  b.  Dec.  30,  1827. + 

5.  iii.  Abby  Ann,  b.  Jan.  28,  1830;  d.  Nov.  3,  1831. 

6.  iv.  Ruth  Rice,  b.  Dec.  11,  1832;  d.  Aug.  26,  1849. 

7.  V.  Joseph  Fletcher,  b.  Apr.  28,  1835. 

8.  vi.  John  W.,  b.  July  25,  1837;  d.  Mar.  2,  1842. 

9.  vii.  Edward  J.,  b.  Aug.  12,  1841 ;  d.  Mar.  18,  1842. 

10.  viii.   John  Edward,  b.  July  23,  1843;  d.  Aug.  9,  1906.     He  served 

during  the  Civil  War,  in  the  13th  New  Hampshire  Regi- 
ment, and  later  in  a  Pennsylvania  battery.  Afterward 
res.  in  Carlisle,  Mass. 

2.  Ezra*  (John^,  Thomas^,  Thomas^),  b.  Sudbury,  Feb.  21, 
1807;  d.  1875;  m.  (1)  Oct.  6,  1842,  Belinda  Walker  (J.  14); 
(2)  June  3,  1875,  Mary,  widow  of  Ezra  Scollay,  and  previ- 
ously of  Paul  Moore.  He  succeeded  to  the  Jesse  Walker 
farm  on  the  west  side  of  the  mountain,  upon  the  old  Rindge 
road,  now  abandoned,  (152,  A.  D.) 

4.  James  Emery^  (Emery*,  John^,  Thomas-,  Thomas^),  b. 
Fitchburg,  Mass.,  Dec.  30,  1827;  d.  Apr.  9,  1911;  m.  Jan.  12, 
1858,  Irene  Amanda,  dau.  of  Benjamin  and  Lydia  (Cass)  Dan- 
forth  of  Rindge  [b.  Oct.  23,  1840;  d.  Apr.  5,  1904].  He  for 
many  years  had  a  mill  very  near  the  Rindge  line,  largely  oc- 
cupied by  the  manufacture  of  shingles,  for  which  purpose  he 
introduced  improved  machinery  before  unused  in  the  state. 
He  was  a  selectman  1879-81.  He  removed  to  West  Rindge 
in  1885,  where  for  ten  years  he  had  charge  of  the  mills  and 
farms  of  the  Butterick  Publishing  Company.    Children : 

11.  i.        A  daughter,  b.  and  d.  June,  1859. 

12.  ii.      Ida  Amanda,  b.  Apr.  24,  1860;  d.  June  26,  1880. 

13.  iii.     Leslie   James,    b.    Nov.    17,    1862;    m.    Hattie   Hayward.     A 

farmer  in  Hancock.     Two  children. 

14.  iv.      A  daughter,  b.  and  d.  1864. 

15.  v.       Emma  Lillian,  b.  Apr.  17,  1869;  m.  Frank  A.  Wing,  a  civil 

engineer.     Three  children. 

16.  vi.      Theodore    Parker,   b.    Aug.    14,    1870;    d.    Mar.    18,    1912;    m. 

Bessie  Hazelbarger.     He  was  a  farmer  in  Ashby,  Mass. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

17.  vii.     Ernest    Edward,    b.    Sept.    17,    1871;    m.    Nettie    Barker.     At 

the  age  of  fifteen  he  was  adopted  by  Waldo  Wilson,  and 
his  name  was  changed  to  Wilson.  He  is  a  farmer  in  Car- 
lisle, Mass.     Two  children. 

18.  viii.    Roy    Davis,    b.    Nov.   2,    1873;    m.    Fanny   Carey.      He    is    an 

engineer  in  Winchendon,  Mass.     One  child. 

19.  ix.      Amy    Henrietta,    b.    May   21,    1876;    m.    Arthur    Bennett,    a 

machinist  in  Providence,  R.  I. 

20.  X.       John   Earl,  b.  May   13,   1882.     He  is  an  engineer  in   Provi- 

dence, R.  I. 

21.  xi.     Edna  Dean,  b.  June  23,   1883;  unm.     Res.   East  Templeton, 


22.  xii.    Harlan,  b.  Dec.  13,  1884;  d.  July  17,  1886. 


Richard*  Champney,  descended  from  Sir  Henry  Champney  who 
fought  under  William  the  Conqueror  at  the  battle  of  Hastings,  came 
with  his  wife  Jane  from  Lincolnshire,  England,  to  Cambridge,  Mass.,  in 
1634/5,  and  settled  in  the  part  which  is  now  Brighton,  where  he  was 
made  freeman  in  1636,  and  was  a  ruling  elder  in  the  church.  He  died 
Nov.  26,  1669. 

Daniel'  (Richard*),  b.  Mar.,  1644;  d.  1699;  m.  (1)  Jan.  3,  1665, 
Dorcas,  dau.  of  Thomas  and  Dorcas  Bridge  [b.  about  1648;  d.  Feb.  7, 
1683/4]  ;  (2)  June  9,  1684,  Hepzibah,  dau.  of  Elijah  Corlet  and  widow 
of  James  Minot.     Res.  in  Cambridge. 

Daniel^   (Daniel",  Richard*),  b.  Dec.  14,  1669;  m.  Bethiah  Danforth. 

Solomon'  ( Daniel',  Daniel',  Richard*),  b.  Mar.  17,  1701/2;  d.  1760; 
m.  (1)  1723,  Elizabeth  Cunningham;  (2)  Abigail  Crackbone  [b.  about 
1710;  d.  Jan.  18,  1785].  He  began  life  as  a  mechanic,  but  entered  the 
English  army  and  was  serving  in  Castle  William,  Boston  Harbor,  at  the 
time  of  his  death. 

1.  Ebenezer^  (Solomon*,  Daniel^,  DanieP,  Richard^),  a 
son  of  his  father's  second  marriage,  b.  Apr.  3,  1744;  d.  Sept. 
10,  1810;  m.  (1)  Abigail,  dau.  of  Rev.  Caleb  Trowbridge  of 
Groton  [b.  about  1740;  d.  1775];  (2)  1778,  Abigail  Parker 
(S.  2);  (3)  Mar.,  1796,  Susan  Wyman  [d.  Sept.,  1796].  He 
was  born  in  Cambridge  and  graduated  from  Harvard  College 
in  1762.  He  then  studied  divinity  and  preached  about  two 
years,  after  which  he  left  that  profession,  studied  law,  was 
admitted  to  the  bar  at  Portsmouth  in  1768,  and  settled  in  New 
Ipswich,  where  he  passed  his  professional  life  except  during 
six  years  when  he  was  located  at  Groton,  which  town  he  rep- 
resented in  the  Legislature.  After  1795,  he  was  Judge  of 
Probate  for  Hillsborough  County.  For  some  years  he  was 
the  only  lawyer  between  Keene  and  Groton,  and  necessarily 
rode  over  a  very  extended  circtiit.     By  successive  purchases 














he  obtained  the  farm  situated  west  of  Bank  Village,  since 
owned  by  his  grandson,  Hon.  John  Preston,  and  he  built  upon 
it  the  farmhouse  which  was  destroyed  by  fire.  He  lived  in 
this  house  for  some  years,  but  later  he  removed  to  the  house 
upon  the  hillside  across  the  street  from  the  present  Baptist 
church,  which  was  for  so  long  a  time  the  home  of  Esquire 
Preston.  This  home  was  conveniently  near  Judge  Champ- 
ney's  office,  situated,  like  his  home,  upon  the  old  "country 
road,"  just  east  of  the  Joseph  Kidder  Brook,  and  facing  upon 
the  Village  Green.     Children  : 

Benjamin,  b.  Aug.  20,  1764.+ 

Francis,  b.  Jan.  27,  1766. + 

Abigail,  b.  May  4,  1767;  d.   1805;  m.  Dec.  10,  1789,  Thomas 

Gardner  of  Groton.     Seven  children. 
Hannah,  b.   Sept.  23,   1768;   m.  Feb.  2,   1792,  James,  son  of 

James  Prescott  of  Groton.    Ten  children. 
Elizabeth,  b.  Sept.  12,  1770;  d.  Aug.  27,  1775. 
Sarah,  b.  Dec.  25,  1771;  d.  Aug.  20,  1775. 

8.  vii.     Ebenezer,  b.  Feb.  5,  1774;  d.  Aug.  29,  1775. 

9.  viii.    Elizabeth,   b.    Feb.   6,    1779;    d.   June    19,    1869;    m.   Jan.   21, 

1798,  Dr.  John  Preston   (14). 

10.  ix.      Ebenezer,  b.  July  19,  1780.+ 

11.  X.      Jonas  Cutler,  b.  Apr.  17,  1783.+ 

2.  Benjamin^  (Ebenezer^,  Solomon*,  DanieP,  DanieP, 
Richard^,  b.  Aug.  20,  1764;  d.  May  12,  1827;  m.  (1)  1791, 
Mercy  Parker  [b.  July  3,  1765;  d.  Apr.  4,  1795];  (2)  Oct., 
1809,  Rebecca  Brooks  [b.  about  1782;  d.  Aug.  15,  1849].  He 
studied  law  in  his  father's  office  and  commenced  practice  in 
Groton  during  his  father's  residence  in  that  town.  Pie  re- 
turned to  New  Ipswich  in  1792,  and  until  his  decease  he 
was  an  influential  citizen.  He  was  postmaster  for  twenty 
years,  a  selectman  for  eight  years,  and  was  one  of  the  pro- 
prietors of  the  first  cotton  mill  in  the  town,  this  being  also 
the  first  in  the  state.  He  succeeded  to  the  home  of  his  father 
in  the  Center  Village.    Children : 

12.  i.        Sarah,  b.  July  22,  1792;  d.  July  15,  1864. 

Maria,  b.  July  23,  1793 ;  d.  Nov.  1,  1796. 

Benjamin,  b.  Mar.  12,  1795;  d.  Nov.  13,  1813.  He  had  en- 
tered Dartmouth  College  the  year  preceding  his  death,  but 
a  stone  thrown  by  a  fellow  student  struck  his  head  and 
ultimately  caused  his  death. 

Edward  Walter,  b.  Aug.  18,  1810. -|- 
George  Mather,  b.  Mar.  6,  1812.-|- 

Maria  Louisa,  b.  Nov.  14,  1813;  d.  July  9,  1881;  m.  Dec, 
1837,  Francis  K.  Cragin    (23).     Res.  Woburn,  Mass. 












History  of  New  Ipswich 

18.  vii.     Ellen  Eliza,  b.  Oct.   17,  1815;  d.  June  5,  1888;  m.  Dec.  31, 

1840,  John  Clough  [b.  Jan.  26,  1809;  d.  Nov.  27,  1879]. 
He  was  a  physician  and  practiced  for  a  few  years,  1837-40, 
in  New  Ipswich,  after  which  he  devoted  himself  to  den- 
tistry in  Woburn,  Mass.  Child :  Sarah  Maria  Clough,  b. 
Apr.  11,  1842;  m.  Robert  J.  W.  Phinney. 

19.  viii.    Benjamin  Crackbone,  b.  Nov.  19,  1817.-J- 

20.  ix.     Mary  Jane,  b.  1819;  d.  Mar.  2,  1837. 

21.  X.       Henry  Trowbridge,  b.  Sept.  19,  1825;  d.  Nov.  17,  1913;  m.  (1) 

Nov.,  1849,  Lydia  Parshley  [d.  Feb.  21,  1896];  (2)  Apr. 
30,  1896,  Amelia  K.,  dau.  of  Vernon  and  Helen  (Smith) 
Hanson  of  St.  John,  N.  B.  He  was  a  successful  merchant 
in  New  York  city  until  failing  health  necessitated  his  re- 
tirement.    Res.  West  Medford,  Mass. 

3.  Francis"  (Ebenezer^,  Solomon*,  Daniel^,  DanieP,  Rich- 
ard^), b.  Jan.  27,  1766;  d.  1837;  m.  1786,  Abigail  Trowbridge. 
He  lived  for  a  time  on  the  "Woolson  farm,"  (S.  R.,  IV:  2,) 
said  to  have  been  the  first  farm  cultivated  in  the  town,  but 
he  removed  to  Groton  in  middle  life  and  resided  there  until 
his  death.    Children : 

22.  i.  Francis,  b.  1788;  d.  1791. 

23.  ii.  Samuel,  b.  1789;  d.  1793. 

24.  iii.  Abigail,  b.  1793;  d.  1793. 

25.  iv.  Fanny,  b.  1793. 

26.  v.  Francis,  b.  1794. 

27.  vi.  Abigail,  b.   1796. 

28.  vii.  Samuel,  b.  1798. 

29.  viii.  Ferdinand,  b.  1800. 

10.  Ebenezer"  (Ebenezer^,  Solomon*,  DanieP,  DanieF, 
Richard^),  b.  July  19,  1780;  d.  Nov.  16,  1829;  m.  1803,  Mehi- 
table,  dau.  of  John  and  Maria  (Nichols)  Goodridge  of  Fitch- 
burg,  Mass.  [b.  Aug.  29,  1782;  d.  June  24,  1840;  m.  (2)  Isaac 
Bigelow  of  Leominster,  Mass.].  He  was  a  farmer  upon  the 
eastern  part  of  the  farm  of  his  father,  afterward  owned  suc- 
cessively by  William  Prichard  and  his  son  Francis  W.  Eight 
of  his  grandchildren,  bearing  the  family  name,  served  in  the 
Civil  War.    Children : 

30.  i.  Ebenezer  Nichols,  b.  May  8,  1804;  d.  July  21,  1807. 

31.  ii.  Jonas  Cutler,  b.  Jan.  29,  1806.-)- 

32.  iii.  Ebenezer,  b.  Mar.  8,  1808.+ 

33.  iv.  Fred  William,  b.  Oct.  18,  1809;  d.  Apr.  16,  1810. 

34.  v.  Julius  Beresford,  b.  Feb.  12,  181 1.+ 

35.  vi.  Samuel  Parker,  b.  Oct.  24,  1814.+ 

36.  vii.  Mary,  b.  Jan.  7,  1816;  d.  Mar.  10,  1816. 

37.  viii.  Elizabeth,  b.  Mar.  9,  1817;  m.  Dec.  15,  1843,  Daniel  Coburn 

of  Lowell,  Mass.  [b.  Dracut,  Mass.,  Sept.  14,  1819].  She 
lived  in  Lowell.     Five  children. 



38.  ix.     Lewis  Clark,  b.  May  19,  1819.+ 

11.  Jonas  Cutler^  (Ebenezer^  Solomon^  DanieP.  DanieP. 
Richard^),  b.  Apr.  17,  1783;  d.  Feb.  7,  1824;  m.  Phebe  Parker 
(S.  14).  He  was  a  farmer  upon  the  "Woolson  farm,"  previ- 
ously owned  by  his  brother  Francis.     Children : 

39.  i.        Horatio  Nelson,  b.  1809;  d.  May  10,  1849,  unm. 

40.  ii.       Abby  Parker,  b.  Aug.  29,  1813;  d.  Oct.  14,  1894;  m.  Charles 

C.  Bellows  (4). 

15.  Edward  Walter^  (Benjamin*^,  Ebenezer'^,  Solomon*, 
DanieF,  Daniel-,  Richard^),  b.  Aug.  18,  1810;  d.  May  1,  1886; 
m.  (1)  Oct.  8,  1845,  Caroline  L.  Floyd  [b.  1820;  d.  Oct.  6, 
1865]  ;  (2)  Apr.  8,  1868,  Esther  Agnes  Frost  [b.  Feb.  7,  1837]. 
He  was  a  successful  wholesale  dealer  in  dry  goods,  associated 
with  his  brother  George  M.  in  Boston  for  many  years.  Res. 
at  Woburn.    Children : 

41.  i.        Walter  Frost,  b.  Jan.  29,  1869. 

42.  ii.       George  Kuhn,  b.  Oct.  17,  1872;  d.  July  8,  1877. 

16.  George  Mather'^  (Benjamin^,  Ebenezer^,  Solomon*, 
DanieP,  DanieP,  Richard^,  b.  Mar.  6,  1812;  d.  Jan.  4,  1882; 
m.  Jan.  13,  1836,  Lucy  Ann,  dau.  of  Eleazer  Brown  (20)  [b. 
Jan.  8,  1813;  d.  Oct.  22,  1909].  For  many  years  he  was  a 
partner  of  his  brother  Edward  W.,  in  the  wholesale  dry  goods 
trade  of  Boston ;  and  in  later  years  devoted  his  attention  to 
literary  pursuits,  being  also  librarian  of  Winn  Library  at 
Woburn,  where  he  made  his  home.     Children : 

43.  i.  Georgiana,  b.  Sept.  29,  1837;  d.  Aug.,  1838. 

44.  ii.  George  Edward,  b.  Feb.  12,  1839;  d.  Apr.  20,  1842. 

45.  iii.  Edwin  Graves,  b.  Aug.  24,  1842.+ 

46.  iv.  Ellen  Frances,  b.  Mar.  2,   1844;  m.  Feb.  24,   1883,  Edward 

D.  Hayden   [d.  Nov.  15,  1908]. 

47.  V.       Anna  Louisa,  b.  Mar.  8,  1846;  m.  Dec.  22,  1870,  Henry  T. 

Remick.     One  daughter.  Bertha  Remick,  b.  Dec.  15,  1872. 

19.  Benjamin  Crackbone'^  (Benjamin^,  Ebenezer^  Solo- 
mon*, DanieP,  DanieP,  Richard^),  b.  Nov.  19,  1817;  d.  Dec. 
11,  1907;  m.  (1)  July,  1853,  Mary  Caroline  Brooks  [b.  July  17, 
1829;  d.  Oct.  24,  1876];  (2)  June  26,  1879,  Margaret  Steven- 
son [b.  Feb.  26,  1841;  d.  Nov.  17,  1895].  He  was  an  artist 
of  recognized  ability.     Res.  in  Boston.     Children : 

48.  i.  Benjamin  Kensett,  b.  Dec.  15,  1854. 

49.  ii.  Grace,  b.  July,  1856;  d.  Dec,  1863. 

50.  iii.  Edith,  b.  Dec,  1859;  d.  Dec,  1863. 

51.  iv.  Alice   Cone,   b.   Dec.    14,    1869;   m.   Feb.   5,   1896,   Arthur   C. 

Wyer  [b.  July  9,  1871].    One  daughter,  Alice  Brooks  Wyer, 
b.  July  27,  1898. 










History  of  New  Ipswich 

31.  Jonas  Cutler'^  (Ebenezer®,  Ebenezer^,  Solomon*,  Dan- 
iel, Daniel-,  Richard^),  b.  Jan.  9,  1806;  m.  1828,  Evelina  B. 
Allen  of  Boston.  Soon  after  the  death  of  his  father  he  went 
to  Dover,  N.  H.,  and  there  learned  the  machinist's  trade, 
which  he  followed  through  his  life  with  excellent  success, 
meeting  the  demands  of  the  passing  years  with  new  imple- 
ments and  methods  of  manufacture.  He  lived  for  many  years 
in  South  Adams,  Mass.     Children  : 

52.  i.        Evelina  B.,  b.  Feb.  8,  1829;  m.  June  25,  1848,  B.  T.  Sanders 

of  Pittsfield,  Mass.     Eight  children. 
Jonas  A.,  b.  Nov.  24,  1831.+ 
Jane  E.,  b.  Nov.  24,  1831;  m.  May  18,  1854,  David  Leach  of 

Manchester,  England.     One  son. 
Fred  VV.,  b.  Aug.  25,  1833.+ 
Eliza  M.,  b.  June  1,  1835;  m.  Nov.  24,  1858,  Chad.  Field  of 

Chester,  Mass.     Three  daughters. 

57.  vi.      Orcelia  H.,  b.  Aug.  9,  1837;  m.  Feb.  25,  1863,  Leroy  Perkins 

of  Burlington,  Vt. 

58.  vii.     Lewis  C,  b.  Dec.  2,  1839.+ 

59.  viii.   Sarah    A.,   b.    Feb.   22,    1843;    m.   July   9,    1864,   George   W. 

Dodge  of   Pittsfield,  Mass.     One  daughter. 

60.  ix.     Augustus,  b.  about  1847;  d.  about  Aug.  5,  1864.     He  served 

in  the  Civil  War,  was  wounded  at  Spottsylvania,  and  had 
not  recovered  when  in  a  succeeding  engagement  he  was 
wounded  and  taken  prisoner.  He  died  in  a  hospital  at 
Petersburg,  Va. 

61.  X.      Augusta,  b.  about  1847;  d.  young. 

62.  xi.     Armenia. 

32.  Ebenezer^  (Ebenezer'',  Ebenezer^,  Solomon*,  DanieP, 
DanieP,  Richard^,  b.  Mar.  4,  1808;  m.  June  17,  1829,  Sarah 
Nickles  [b.  Billerica,  Mass.,  Mar.  10,  1811].  He  was  a  ma- 
chinist, and  for  about  twenty  years  was  engaged  in  that 
industry  at  Lowell,  Mass.  In  1840  he  became  a  farmer  at 
Carlisle,  Mass.,  which  town  he  served  as  selectman  and  in 
other  official  positions.     Children  : 

63.  i.        Sarah   Elizabeth,  b.  Aug.  21,  1831 ;  m.  Apr.  23,  1853,  Tim- 

othy Adams  of  Carlisle.     Four  children. 

64.  ii.       Mary  M.  G.,  b.  Apr.  19,  1833;  m.  Dec.  9,  1853,  A.  G.  Munroe 

of  Marlow,  N.  Y.     Three  children. 

65.  iii.      Ebenezer  Nichols,  b.  May  3,  1834;  d.  May  23,  1835. 

66.  iv.     John  Holland,  b.  Nov.  8,  1836.-|- 

67.  V.       Clarissa  E.,  b.  Feb.   18,   1838;  m.  Feb.  7,   1859,  Marshall  M. 

Mason  of  Concord,  Mass.     One  son. 

68.  vi.      George  Henry,  b.  July  5,  1841 ;  d.  May  16,  1842. 

69.  vii.     Charles  Frederick,  b.  June  2,   1844;  d.  Mar.   16,   1848. 

70.  viii.   Frances  Ellen,  b.  June  11,  1846;  d.  Sept.  14,  1846. 

71.  ix.     Lewis  Edwin,  b.  Oct.  15,  1849. 



34.  Julius  Beresford^  (Ebenezer^,  Ebenezer^  Solomon*, 
DanieP,  DanieP,  Richard^),  b.  Feb.  12,  1811;  m.  (1)  Sept. 
10.  1833,  Sarah  P.  Bradford  [b.  Duxbury,  Mass.,  June  13, 
1813;  d.  Jan.  16,  1850];  (2)  Content  Almy.  He  also  was  a 
machinist,  commencing  to  learn  the  trade  as  an  apprentice 
with  his  brother  Jonas,  and  spent  most  of  his  life  in  railroad 
service,  as  master  mechanic  on  the  Fall  River  &  Boston  rail- 
road until  1855,  and  afterward  on  the  Chicago  &  Rock  Island 
railroad.  During  the  first  of  these  engagements  he  lived  at 
Fall  River,  where  he  was  elected  alderman.    Children : 

72.  i.  Julius  Jackson,  b.  June  30,  1836;  d.  July  11,  1836. 

7i.  ii.  Oscar  Bradford,  b.  Maj'-  30,  1837. + 

74.  iii.  Helen  Marion,  b.  Dec.  30,  1838;  d.  July  15,  1839. 

75.  iv.  Edgar  Lewis,  b.  Dec.  30,  1838;  d.  Nov.  19,  1864. 

76.  V.  Ruth  Anna,  b.  Sept.  23,  1852;  d.  Mar.  30,  1864. 

77.  vi.  Julius  Beresford,  b.  Feb.  2,  1855;  d.  Nov.  4,  1861. 

78.  vii.  Abby  Parker,  b.  Feb.  7,  1857;  d.  Feb.  16,  1864. 

79.  viii.  Mary  A.  Livermore,  b.  Apr.  3,  1859. 

80.  ix.  Lizzie  Preston,  b.  Oct.  26,  1862;  d.  Aug.  31,  1863. 

81.  X.  Frank  Preston,  b.  Dec.  29,  1864. 

35.  Samuel  Parker'^  (Ebenezer*',  Ebenezer^,  Solomon*, 
DanieP,  DanieP,  Richard^),  b.  Oct.  24,  1813;  d.  Sept.  22,  1866; 
m.  Oct.  10,  1837,  Susan,  dau,  of  Oliver  Adams  of  Worcester, 
Mass.  [b.  July  28,  1814].  He  learned  the  watch  and  jewelry 
business  when  a  young  man  and  conducted  it  at  Grafton, 
Worcester,  and  Somerville,  Mass.,  in  succession.     Children : 

82.  i.        Preston    Adams,    b.    Feb.   23,    1841;    d.   Aug.    11,    1864.     He 

served  in  the  Civil  War,  after  a  short  term  in  the  Rifle 
Battalion  re-enlisting  in  the  25th  Mass.  Regiment,  in  which 
he  was  a  sergeant.  He  was  taken  prisoner  and  confmed 
at  Belle  Isle,  Americus,  and  Andersonville,  in  which  last 
prison  he  perished  of  starvation. 

83.  ii.       Samuel  Goodrich,  b.  Jan.  8,  1843;  d.  Oct.  19,  1864.     He  also 

was  a  soldier  in  the  25th  Mass.  Regiment,  served  his  full 
time,  but  contracted  yellow  fever  and  died  in  quarantine 
before  reaching  his  home. 

84.  iii.      Susan    Mehitable,    b.    Dec.    16,    1846;    m.    M.    Goodrich    of 

Fitchburg,  Mass. 

85.  iv.      Eben  Fremont,  b.  Sept.  7,  1850. 

38.  Lewis  Clark^  (Ebenezer^  Ebenezer%  Solomon*,  Dan- 
iel, Daniel-,  Richard^,  b.  May  19,  1819;  m.  Apr.  18,  1846, 
Mary  E.  Ball  [b.  Holden,  Mass.,  Apr.  15,  1824].  He  learned 
the  watchmaker  and  jewelry  trade  of  his  brother  Samuel,  and 
followed  that  occupation  at  Troy,  N.  Y.,  during  most  of  his 
life,  although  he  was  at  Boston  for  a  few  years  about  1860, 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

and  entered  upon  the  manufacture  of  daguerreotypes  for  a 
brief  period  in  the  earliest  days  of  that  industry.     Children : 

86.  i.  Mary  Adella,  b.  Mar.  9,  1847. 

87.  ii.  Elizabeth  Ella,  b.  July  4,  1849. 

88.  iii.  Julius  W.,  b.  Jan.  4,  1851 ;  d.  Jan.  5,  1855. 

89.  iv.  Emma,  b.  Feb.  27,  1853. 

90.  V.  Frances  J.,  b.  Jan.  8,  1856. 

91.  vi.  Richard  L.,  b.  June  19,  1859;  d.  June  19,  1859. 

92.  vii.  Harvey  Young,  b.  Apr.  20,  1860;  d.  June  22,  1860. 

45.  Edwin  Graves®  (George  M.'',  Benjamin*',  Ebenezer^, 
Solomon*,  DanieP,  DanieP,  Richard^),  b.  Aug.  24,  1842;  m- 
July  21,  1880,  Martha  Ann  (Wilson)  Capron.     Children: 

93.  i.        Margaret,  b.  Aug.,  1882. 

94.  ii.       George,  b.  Oct.,  1884. 

53.  Jonas  A.®  (Jonas^,  Ebenezer^,  Ebenezer^,  Solomon*, 
DanieP,  DanieP,  Richard^),  b.  Leominster,  Mass.,  Nov.  24, 
1831;  m.  Jan.,  1851,  Koralia  E.  Haskel  of  Montague,  Mass. 
He  served  in  the  Civil  War,  being  a  captain  in  the  21st  Mass. 
Regiment,  with  which  he  served  through  its  entire  campaign, 
and  returned  with  the  rank  of  major.  He  was  in  nearly  every 
battle  between  Richmond  and  Petersburg,  and  was  once 
wounded.  Soon  after  his  return  home  he  was  elected  to  rep- 
resent the  town  of  Adams,  Mass.,  in  the  Legislature.  Chil- 
dren : 

95.  i.        Jane  E.,  b.  Lee,  Mass.,  Nov.  22,  1860. 

96.  ii.      Jonas  A.,  b.  South  Adams,  Mass.,  Oct.  8,  1862. 

55.  Fred  W.®  (Jonas  C.^  Ebenezer^  Ebenezer%  Solomon*, 
DanieP,  DanieP,  Richard^),  b.  Hancock,  Mass.,  Aug.  25,  1833; 
m.  Nov.  3,  1859,  Almira  J.  Hayle  of  Tolborton,  Ga.  He  was 
in  Georgia  in  1860,  and  voted  the  Bell  and  Everett  ticket.  At 
the  beginning  of  the  war  he  was  forced  to  leave  the  state  and 
narrowly  escaped  with  his  life.  He  engaged  in  gunboat  ser- 
vice as  a  chief  engineer,  and  had  a  part  in  the  capture  of  New 
Orleans  by  Gen.  Butler.  Later  he  served  as  a  lieutenant. 
Children : 

97.  i.        Harriet  B.,  b.  Columbus,  Ga.,  Nov.  17,  1860. 

98.  ii.       Mary  L.  A.,  b.  South  Adams,  Mass.,  Aug.  30,  1865. 

58.  Lewis  C.®  (Jonas  C.^  Ebenezer*',  Ebenezer^  Solomon*, 
DanieP,  DanieP,  Richard^),  b.  Hancock,  Mass.,  Dec.  2,  1839; 
d.  City  Point,  Va.,  June  20,  1864;  m.  Oct.  2,  1862,  Kate  A. 
Lyons  of  Constable,  N.  Y.  He  served  in  the  Civil  War  as  a 
corporal  in  the  12th  Mass.  Regiment,  and  after  passing  safely 



through  eight  battles  and  numerous   skirmishes  was  fatally 
wounded  at  Petersburg,  Va.     Child : 

99.  i.        Lewis  H.,  b.  South  Adams,  Mass.,  July  20,  1863;  d.  Sept.  30, 

66.  John  Holland®  (Ebenezer^,  Ebenezer**,  Ebenezer^, 
Solomon*,  DanieP,  DanieP,  Richard^),  b.  Lowell,  Mass.,  Nov. 
8,  1836;  m.  1857,  Elizabeth  R.  Heald  of  Carlisle,  Mass.  He 
enlisted  in  the  Andrew  Sharpshooters  and  served  for  two 
years  in  the  Civil  War,  having  part  in  the  battles  at  South 
Mountain,  Antietam,  Fredericksburg,  and  Gettysburg.  He 
was  honorably  discharged  on  account  of  disease.     Children : 

100.  i.       Adriana  Elizabeth,  b.  Feb.  11,  1858. 

101.  ii.      Anna  Belle,  b.  Sept.  17,  1860. 

7Z.  Oscar  Bradford®  (Julius  B.^,  Ebenezer®,  Ebenezer^, 
Solomon*,  DanieP,  DanieP,  RichardS)  b.  Black  Rock,  N.  Y., 
May  30,  1837;  m.  Aug.  23,  1863,  Julia  Cushman  of  Duxbury, 
Mass.  He  volunteered  at  the  time  of  the  first  call  for  soldiers 
in  the  Civil  War  and  served  for  two  years  in  the  20th  Illinois 
Regiment,  his  service  being  terminated  by  a  severe  wound  re- 
ceived at  Pittsburg  Landing,  necessitating  his  discharge. 

102.  i.        Sarah  Cushman,  b.  Mar.  4,  1865. 


This  name  has  been  represented  in  New  Ipswich  by  descendants 
from  at  least  two  emigrant  ancestors,  not  known  to  be  fellow-kinsmen, 
William  of  Roxbury,  Mass.,  and  Roger  of  Concord,  Mass.,  whose  families 
will  be  presented  separately. 

CHANDLER  (Roger). 

Roger^  Chandler,  b.  about  1637;  d.  Concord,  Mass.,  Jan.  11,  1716/7; 
m.  Apr.  25,  1671,  Mary  Simonds,  probably  dau.  of  William  and  Judith 
(Phippen)  Simonds  [b.  Woburn,  Mass.,  Dec.  9,  1647;  d.  Concord,  Aug. 
29,  1728].  It  is  believed  that  he  was  the  son  of  Roger  Chandler  of  Dux- 
bury,  Mass.,  who  m.  at  Leyden,  Holland,  July  27,  1615,  Isabella,  dau.  of 
James  Chilton  of  the  Mayflower,  but  this  is  not  absolutely  proven.  He 
came  from  Plymouth  Colony  to  Concord  in  1658,  and  resided  there  until 
his  death.  He  was  a  builder  and  general  mechanic,  and  a  house  built  by 
him  for  Dolor  Davis,  ancestor  of  the  Concord  Davis  family,  was  de- 
stroyed by  fire  only  a  few  years  ago. 

Samuel^  (Roger'),  b.  Mar.  5,  1673/4;  d.  Apr.  27,  1743;  m.  Dec.  11, 
1695,  Dorcas,  dau.  of  Joseph  and  Elizabeth  (Jones)  Buss  of  Concord 
[b.  Jan.  26,  1672;  d.  Jan.  13,  1757].  He  succeeded  to  his  father's  farm, 
and  was  a  prominent  citizen  of  Concord,  being  town  treasurer,  selectman 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

and  representative,  each  for  several  years,  and  was  largely  interested  in 
the  founding  of  Lunenburg,  Grafton,  and  Templeton. 

James'  (Samuel',  Roger'),  b.  Aug.  28.  1714;  d.  Dec.  8,  1792;  m.  (1) 
1737,  Mary,  dau.  of  Joseph  and  Elizabeth  Wright  of  Concord  [b.  Apr. 
9,  1720;  d.  May  4,  1746];  (2)  July  2,  1747,  Mary,  dau.  of  Joseph  and 
Mary  (Tompkins)  Flagg  of  Concord  [b.  Jan.  21,  1716/17;  d.  May  22, 
1753]  ;  (3)  Apr.  14,  1756,  Mary,  probably  dau.  of  David  and  Mercy 
(Hunt)  Whittaker  of  Concord  [b.  May  16,  1716;  d.  Dec.  2,  1791].  He 
succeeded  to  the  ancestral  farm.  He  was  selectman  for  several  years, 
and  despite  his  advanced  years  served  in  the  Revolutionary  force.  He 
was  also  a  member  of  the  Committee  of  Correspondence. 

1.  James*  (James%  SamueP,  Roger^),  b.  Dec.  24,  1740;  d. 
May  10,  1824;  m.  (1)  Jan.  1,  1765,  Mary  Melvin  (4)  ;  (2)  about 
1808,  Deliverance  (Blanchard),  widow  of  Col.  Thomas  Heald. 
He  came  to  New  Ipswich  at  about  the  age  of  twenty-one, 
and  settled  upon  Page  Hill,  (XIII:  2,  N.  L.  O.,)  where  he 
lived  more  than  forty  years,  removing  after  his  second  mar- 
riage to  the  home  of  his  wife.  He  was  a  useful  and  respected 
citizen,  being  deacon,  selectman,  and  a  member  of  the  Com- 
mittee of  Correspondence,  Inspection  and  Safety.     Children : 

2.  i.        Samuel,  b.  Mar.  23,  1767;  d.  1799,  at  Norwich,  Conn.,  whither 

he  had  removed  soon  after  reaching  his  majority.     Unm. 

3.  ii.       James,  b.  Jan.  7,  1769.-|- 

4.  iii.     Roger,  b.  Aug.  7,  1770. -|- 

5.  iv.      Mary,    b.    May    19,    1772;    d.    1811;    m.    Thomas    Kenworthy. 

Res.  in  Mason.  Child :  i.  Thomas  Chandler  Kenworthy, 
b.  Dec.  21,  1810;  d.  Wheatland,  Mich.,  1861.  He  graduated 
from  Illinois  College  in  1840,  and  became  a  preacher  and 

6.  v.       John,  b.  May  14,  \774.-\- 

7.  vi.      Sally,  b.   Sept.  7,   1776;  d.  Sept.  15,   1844;  m.  May  14,  1795, 

Ephraim  Fairbank    (1). 

8.  vii.     Rebecca,  b.   July  3,   1779;   d.  July  2,   1870;   m.   May  2,   1804, 

Stilman  Gibson  (1). 

9.  viii.   Lydia,  b.  Nov.  15,  1781;  d.  Feb.  5,  1844;  m.  Benjamin  Safford 


10.  ix.     Daniel,  b.  Jan.  2,  1784.+ 

11.  X.       Hannah,   b.   Mar.   24,    1789;    d.   Apr.    16,    1807.     She   was   a 

devoted  Christian,  an  unusual  fact  in  those  days  for  one 
so  young. 

3.  James^  (James*,  James^,  SamueP,  Roger^),  b.  Jan.  7, 
1769;  d.  Gibson,  Pa.,  Mar.  30,  1839;  m.  Lebanon,  Conn.,  Jan. 
1,  1799,  Huldah  Payne  [b.  Oct.  17,  1774;  d.  Jan.  30,  1830].  He 
removed  to  Connecticut  in  early  manhood,  and  was  a  clothier 
in  the  towns  of  Lebanon  and  Columbia  for  several  years.  He 
then    removed    to    that    part    of    Susquehanna    County,    Pa., 


Chandler  (Roger) 

known  as  Kentuckyville,  near  the  present  town  of  Gibson, 
where  he  took  up  wild  land  and  passed  the  last  thirty  years 
of  his  life  as  a  farmer.    Children  : 

12.  i.        Ch.arles,  b.  Sept.  24.  1799.+ 

13.  ii.       Harriet,  b.  Mar.  3,  1801;  d.  July  14,  1865;  m.  Mar.  10,  1846, 

Zachariah  S.  Neely,  a  farmer  at  Dallas,  Pa.,  where  she  died. 

14.  iii.      Mary  Melvin,  b.  Nov.  10,  1802;  d.  Oct.  31,  1886;  m.  (1)  Jan. 

1,  1823,  Charles  Edwards  [b.  Nov.  19,  1797;  d.  May  8, 
1852];  (2)  1854,  John  Wesley  Carpenter  [d.  1869].  Nine 
children  of  first  marriage. 

15.  iv.      Stephen  Payne,  b.  June  12,  1804.+ 

16.  V.       HuLDAH,   b.    Apr.   23,    1806;   m.   Oct.   25,    1841,   Amasa   Lewis 


17.  vi.      James,  b.  Apr.  28,  1808;  d.  Jan.  25,  1810. 

18.  vii.     James,  b.  May  9,  1810.+ 

19.  viii.    Martha,  b.  Mar.,  1812;  d.  Mar.,  1812. 

20.  ix.     Joshua  Tracy,  b.  Sept.  9,  1813;  d.  Feb.  7,  1814. 

21.  X.       Sarah  Adelia,  b.  July  30,  1815 ;  d.  Berwick,  Pa.,  about  1891 ; 

m.  Oct.  14,  1833,  Dr.  Clark  Dickerman  [d.  Harford,  Pa., 
about  1853]. 

4.  RoGER^  (James*,  James^,  Samuel-,  Roger^),  b.  Aug.  7, 
1770;  d.  New  Ipswich,  Dec.  24,  1845;  m.  Lydia,  dau.  of 
Thomas  and  Lydia  (IrJunt)  Marshall  of  Chelmsford,  Mass.  [b. 
Dec.  19,  1774;  d.  Shirley,  Mass.,  July  10,  1868].  He  passed 
most  of  his  life  in  his  native  town,  although  in  early  man- 
hood he  was  a  contractor  in  the  construction  of  the  Middle- 
sex Canal  from  the  present  site  of  I^owell  through  Billerica 
and  onwards.  Afterward  he  bought  a  part  of  his  father's 
farm  and  built  the  house  long  occupied  by  his  descendants, 
and  now  owned  by  Herbert  W.  Chandler  (122).  He  did  not, 
however,  devote  a  large  part  of  his  time  to  the  farm,  but  was 
interested  in  the  first  cotton  factory  of  the  town,  and  later  in 
similar  undertaking  at  Ashburnham,  Mass.  He  was  asso- 
ciated with  Charles  Barrett  in  the  store  at  the  foot  of  Meeting- 
house Hill,  and  for  a  few  years  carried  on  a  store  under  the 
same  ownership  at  Keene.    Children  : 

22.  i.        James,  b.  May  16,  1796.+ 

23.  ii.       Thomas  Marshall,  b.  Aug.  15,  1798.+ 

24.  iii.     John,  b.  Nov.  25,  1800;  d.  May  9,  1853.     He  was  a  machinist 

at  Waltham  and  Lowell,  Mass.,  until  about  1839,  when  he 
had  a  paralytic  shock,  and  afterward  lived  with  his  mother 
and  brother  Daniel  Lyman  in  Shirley,  Mass.,  where  he  died. 

25.  iv.      Lydia  Maria,  b.  Dec.  2,  1806;  d.  Sept.  16,  1826,  unm. 

26.  v.       Seth,   b.    Dec.   2,    1806;    d.    Oct.   4,    1889;    m.   Aug.    19.    1831, 

Arvilla  Tenney  (13).  He  was  a  machinist  at  Waltham 
and    Lowell    in    early    life,    but    entered    the    Universalist 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

ministry  in  1831,  and  after  a  short  pastorate  at  Oxford, 
Mass.,  became  pastor  of  the  Unitarian  church  at  Shirley, 
Mass.,  which  was  his  home  until  his  death  fifty-five  years 
later,  although  his  active  pastorate  closed  ten  years  earlier. 
He  was  for  twenty-five  years  a  member  of  the  school  board, 
and  was  also  town  treasurer  and  historian  of  his  adopted 

27.  vi.      George,   b.    May    14,    1810;    d.    Apr.   6,    1891;    m.    (1)    Dec.  9, 

1835,  Clarissa  Elizabeth  Wright  [b.  about  1812;  d.  Nov. 
27,  1851];  (2)  Apr.  20,  1852,  Susan  (Treadwell)  Barrett 
[b.  about  1812;  d.  Aug.  11,  1886].  He  left  New  Ipswich 
at  the  age  of  sixteen,  and  learned  at  Lowell,  Mass.,  the 
mason's  trade,  which  industry  he  followed  some  years. 
In  1840  he  became  a  farmer  in  Shirley,  Mass.,  where  he 
lived  during  twenty  years.  The  later  part  of  his  life  was 
passed  in  East  Acton,  Mass. 

28.  vii.     Charles,  b.  May  14,  1810.-f- 

29.  viii.    Daniel  Lyman,  b.  June  13,  1814;  d.  May  5,  1892,  unm.     The 

early  years  of  his  manhood  were  spent  on  the  family  farm 
in  New  Ipswich ;  after  this  he  became  a  successful  farmer 
and  fruit-raiser  in  Shirley,  Mass.,  which  town  he  repre- 
sented in  the  Legislature  and  where  he  was  selectman.  In 
1854  he  removed  to  Chicago,  111.,  and  thence  two  years  later 
to  Kansas,  then  in  the  most  disturbed  years  of  its  history 
and  its  strife  with  the  "border  ruffians."  On  the  outbreak 
of  the  Civil  War  he  at  once  entered  service,  despite  his 
age,  and  passed  four  years  as  hospital  steward,  at  first 
of  the  10th  Kansas  Regiment,  and  later  of  the  3d  Cherokee 
Regiment,  in  which  on  account  of  the  lack  of  surgeons  he 
necessarily  assumed  their  duties,  and  on  his  return  to 
Kansas  he  continued  his  medical  practice  thus  acquired 
until  the  closing  years  of  his  life.  He  was  mayor  of 
Ogden,  Kan.,  for  a  long  time,  and  was  also  a  member  of 
the  Kansas  Legislature. 

30.  ix.      Abigail  Ann,  b.  Aug.  15,  1817 ;  d.  Oct.  9,  1825. 

31.  X.       Henry  Pulaski,  b.  June  18,  1821.-]- 

6.  JoHN^  (James*,  James^,  SamueP,  Roger^),  b.  May  13, 
1774;  d.  Nov.  9,  1858;  m.  (1)  Oct.  16,  1802,  Betsey,  dau.  of 
Oliver  and  Elizabeth  (Shed)  Richardson  of  Billerica,  IVIass. 
[b.  Feb.  3,  1780;  d.  Nov.  17,  1805]  ;  (2)  Apr.  10,  1814,  Anna, 
dau.  of  Jeremiah  and  Anna  (Chapman)  Kittredge  of  Tewks- 
bury  [b.  Apr.  22,  1794;  d.  Nov.  14,  1874].  In  early  manhood 
he  removed  to  Tewksbury,  Mass.,  and  there  passed  his  life  as 
a  farmer.     Children : 

32.  i.       John,  b.  Sept.  1,  1803;  d.  Mar.  17,  1836. 

33.  ii.       Betsey    Richardson,   b.    May   17,    1815;    d.    Feb.   5,    1888;    m. 

June  10,  1840,  Moses  C.  Lang  [b.  Aug.  15,  1816;  d.  Mar. 
3,  1877].  He  lived  in  New  Ipswich  from  1855  to  1860,  be- 
ing  associated   with   George   C.   Gibson   in   conducting  the 


Chandler  (Roger) 

lumber  mills  at  Gibson  Village.  Later  during  the  Civil  War 
he  was  a  dealer  in  naval  stores  at  South  Boston,  Mass. 
His  widow  left  some  very  considerable  bequests  to  various 
missionary  and  benevolent  purposes.     One  son  d.  young. 

34.  iii.      Pamelia   Kittredge,  b.   Nov.    11,   1816;   d.   May   11,   1890;   m. 

Oct.  3,  1837,  John  C.  Jacques.  He  was  also  a  dealer  in 
naval  stores  of  the  same  firm  as  his  brother-in-law.  Six 

35.  iv.      James  Melvin,  b.  Nov.  14,  1818.+ 

36.  V.       Hannah  Jane,  b.  Nov.  7,  1820;  d.  Feb.  4,  1903;  m.  Nov.  13, 

1845,  Darkin  Trull  [b.  Apr.  30,  1819;  d.  Feb.  14,  1903].     He 
was  a  "gentleman  farmer"  of  Tewksbury.     One  daughter. 
Zl .  vi.      Jeremiah,  b.  Oct.  2,  1822.+ 

38.  vii.    Joseph,  b.  Oct.  29,  1824;  d.  Nov.  5,  1824. 

39.  viii.    Maria   Frances,  b.   Mar.  5,   1826;   d.  Apr.  3,   1905;   m.   Sept. 

22,  1847,  Hiram  A.  Stevens  [b.  Oct.  18,  1823;  d.  Jan.  10, 
1888].  He  was  also  a  member  of  the  same  firm  with  his 
brothers-in-law,  dealers  in  naval  stores.  He  was  an  alder- 
man of  Boston,  and  also  served  in  the  Legislature,  both 
as  representative  and  as  senator.     Seven  children. 

40.  ix.      Susan   Rogers,  b.   Apr.  24,   1828;   m.   Mar.  4,    1852,  John   T. 

Foster  [b.  Mar.  20,  1827;  d.  Oct.  14,  1881].  He  was  a 
farmer  in  Tewksbury.     Five  children. 

41.  X.       M.-^RTHA  Ann,  b.  May  26,  1830;  m.  Oct.  18,  1849,  Daniel  A. 

Gregory  [b.  May  22,  1826;  d.  July  28,  1901].  He  was  a 
successful  merchant  in  Boston.     Two  children. 

42.  xi.      Jefferson,  b.  Aug.,  1832;  d.  Oct.  3,  1832. 

43.  xii.    John,  b.  May,  1836;  d.  July  14,  1837. 

10.  Daniel^^  (James*,  James^,  SamueP,  Roger^),  b.  Jan.  2, 
1784;  d.  Nov.  2,  1846;  m.  Jan.  11,  1811,  Asenath  Wheeler  {7Z). 
Immediately  after  his  marriage  he  removed  to  Waldoboro, 
]V[e.,  where  he  had  a  paper  mill,  and  where  he  served  as  cap- 
tain in  the  War  of  1812.  He  removed  to  eastern  Pennsylvania 
about  1814,  and  thence  in  a  few  years  to  New  York.  During 
most  of  his  remaining  life  he  resided  in  different  parts  of  that 
state,  although  he  passed  three  years  in  Ohio,  and  died  near 
Fort  Wayne,  Ind.,  whither  he  had  gone  and  entered  upon 
wild  land.  His  industries  were  varied,  including  paper  mak- 
ing, lumbering,  and  farming,  and  at  the  time  of  his  death  he 
was  engaged  in  teaching.  His  changes  of  residence  were 
frequent,  as  is  shown  by  the  birthplaces  of  his  children.  Chil- 

44.  i.        Isaac  Monroe,  b.  Waldoboro,  Me.,  Oct.  12,  1811;  d.  Hinsdale, 

N.  Y.,  Jan.  11,  1831. 
45    ii        Asenath   Maria,  b.  New  Ipswich,  Mar.  26,   1813;  d.  Elling- 
ton,   N.    Y.,    Jan.    29,    1908;    m.    Apr.    19,    1835,    Adnah    B. 
Kinsman    [b.   May  9,    1805;    d.   Feb.    13,    1892].     He  was   a 
farmer  at  Ellington,  N.  Y.    Eight  children. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

46.  iii.     Emily   Monroe,   b.    Harford,   Pa.,   May   7,    1815;   d.   Tyrone, 

N.  Y.,  Sept.  17,  1840;  m.  Thomas  P.  Paulding.  One  son 
d.  young. 

47.  iv.      Seth  Wheeler,  b.  Tunkhannock,  Pa.,  June  1,  1817.+ 

48.  V.       Harriet  Huldah,  b.  Wayne,  N.  Y.,  Sept.  2,  1819;  d.  Olean, 

N.  Y.,  Nov.  23.  1820. 

49.  vi.      Eliza    Butman,    b.    Olean,    N.    Y.,    Sept.   22,    1821;    d.    Great 

Valley,  N.  Y.,  July  1,  1824. 

50.  vii.    James  Moses,  b.  Great  Valley,  N.  Y.,  May  30,  1824.+ 

51.  viii.    David    Silas,    b.    Olean,    N.    Y.,    June    1,    1826;    d.    Howard 

Springs,  Tenn.,  1896;  m.  Ellington,  N.  Y.,  Apr.  11,  1861, 
Julia  M.  Slater  [b.  Nov.  18,  1829;  d.  Feb.  9,  1872].  He 
was  a  public  school  teacher  in  New  York,  Canada,  and 
Tennessee,  commencing  at  the  age  of  fourteen,  and  striv- 
ing to  keep  pace  with  changing  methods  by  taking  a  course 
of  normal  study  in  Antioch  College  when  sixty  years  of 
age.  He  was  also  a  printer  in  Buffalo,  N.  Y.,  for  several 
years,  and  a  fruit-raiser  in  Pomona,  Tenn.,  for  some  time. 
During  the  last  years  of  his  life  he  was  blind. 

52.  ix.      Daniel  Henry,  b."  Hinsdale,  N.  Y.,  Mar.  25,   1829.+ 

53.  X.       Mary  Elizabeth,  b.  Hinsdale,  N.  Y.,  May  14,  1830;  d.  Hins- 

dale, Oct.  5,  1830. 

12.  Charles''  (James^,  James*,  James^,  SamueP,  Roger^), 
b.  Columbia,  Ct.,  Sept.  24,  1799;  d.  Apr.  23,  1840;  m.  Nov.  8, 
1832,  Eveline  Trowbridge  of  Great  Bend,  Pa.  He  was  a 
farmer  and  prominent  citizen  of  Lenox,  Pa.  He  was  sheriff 
of  the  county,  and  at  the  time  of  his  death  was  at  Harrisburg 
as  a  member  of  the  Legislature.    Children : 

54.  i.        Mary  Asenath,  b.  Mar.  9,  1834;  m.  1856,  John  Carlisle. 

55.  ii.       James  Augustus,  b.  Jan.  27,  1837. + 

15.  Stephen  Payne*'  (James^  James*,  James^  SamueP, 
Roger^),  b.  Columbia,  Ct.,  June  12,  1804;  d.  Oct.,  1885;  m.  (1) 
Nov.  30,  1834,  Sarah  Caroline  Packer  [d.  about  1867]  ;  (2) 
about  1870,  Mrs.  Mary  Stevens.  He  was  a  farmer  in  the 
town  of  Gibson,  Pa.,  and  postmaster  at  Kentuckyville  post- 
office  in  that  town,  where  he  was  a  leading  citizen,  holding 
various  local  offices.  For  a  time  he  lived  in  the  neighboring 
town  of  Nicholson.    Children  : 

56.  i.        Eveline  H.,  b.   1835;  m.  Horace  E.  Bennett,  a  bookseller  in 

West  Pittson,  Pa.     Four  children. 

57.  ii.      James  Adelbert,  b.  1837.-f- 

58.  iii.     Jane,  b.  about   1839;   d.  about  1849. 

59.  iv.      Ellen,  b.  about  1841 ;  m.  George  Conrad,  a  farmer  at  Lenox- 

ville,  Pa.     Four  children. 

60.  V.       Frances,  b.  about  1843.     Res.  Scranton,  Pa. 

61.  vi.      Henrietta,  b.  about   1847;   m.  George  Harding,  a  farmer  at 

Lenoxville,  Pa. 


Chandler  (Roger) 

18.  James^  (James^  James*,  James^  SamueP,  Rog-er^).  b. 
Lebanon,  Ct.,  May  9,  1810;  d.  Oct.  3,  1872;  m.  Nov.  23,  1834, 
Lucy  Lane  Carpenter  [b.  Attleboro,  Mass.,  May  14,  1811]. 
He  was  a  preacher  in  his  early  years  of  maturity,  but  after- 
ward succeeded  to  his  father's  farm  and  was  a  leading  citizen 
of  the  town.     Children  : 

62.  i.        Lucy  Adelia,  b.  July  13,  1836;  d.  Nov.  6,  1856,  unm. 

63.  ii.       HuLDAH   Caroline,  b.   Nov.    1,   1837;   m.  June  22,   1869,  Wil- 

liam Henry  Davoll,  who  is  a  farmer  on  the  farm  of  her 
father  and  grandfather.     Four  children. 

64.  iii.      Mary   Eveline,  b.   Aug.    19,    1841 ;   m.   Oct.,    1865,   Charles   O. 

Davoll,   a   farmer  at   Preston,   Pa.     Four  children. 

65.  iv.      Harriet  Abbie,  b.   Nov.   17,   1843;   m.   May  23,   1867,  John   S. 

Davoll,  a  farmer  at   Preston,  Pa.     Nine  children. 
The  husbands  of  the  three  sisters  are  brothers. 

22.  James*^  (Roger^  James*,  James^,  SamueP,  Roger^),  b. 
May  16,  1796;  d.  Jan.  30,  1879;  m.  (1)  Nancy,  dau.  of  David 
and  Nancy  (Drake)  White  [b.  Easton,  Mass..  May  1,  1796;  d. 
Mar.  27,  1853]  ;  (2)  June  27,  1854,  Abigail  Rhoads  (5).  widow 
of  James  Newhall  (19)  ;  (3)  Nov.  2,  1872,  Lucy  Rhoads  (4), 
widow  of  Luther  W.  Nichols.  He  learned  the  machinist's 
trade  in  New  Ipswich,  and  on  attaining  his  majority  went  to 
Waltham,  Mass.,  and  entered  the  service  of  a  company  with 
which  he  remained  for  more  than  twenty  years,  after  1823  at 
the  new  town  started  in  that  year  by  his  employers  which 
became  the  city  of  Lowell,  by  which  town  he  was  thrice 
elected  representative.  He  returned  to  New  Ipswich  about 
1838  and  conducted  the  farm  previously  owned  by  his  father 
and  grandfather  for  some  years,  but  in  1850  he  removed  to 
Smithville,  where  the  first  house  from  the  school-house  on 
the  north  was  his  home  until  his  death.  He  was  selectman 
several  years  and  representative  three  times.  He  was  also 
president  of  the  bank,  and  was  largely  occupied  in  the  set- 
tlement of  estates.  These  varied  duties  left  no  large  amount 
of  time  free  for  mechanical  labor,  but  he  had  a  shop  in  which 
he  attended  to  the  repairing  of  guns  and  other  articles  need- 
ing the  machinist's  hand.  His  strict  honesty  and  business 
reliability  were  proverbial.     Children  : 

66.  i.        Nancy,  b.  July  18,  1821;  d.  Nov.  27,  1911.     She  was  a  teacher 

for  some  time,  but  finally  devoted  her  life  to  caring  for 
the  sick  or  otherwise  needy  kinsfolk,  as  conditions  re- 

67.  ii.      James  Lyman,  b.  Feb.  8,  1823.-f- 

68.  iii.     George  Willard,  b.  July  29,  1825.+ 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

69.  iv.      Lewis  Edward,  b.  Mar.  28,  1830;  d.  Oct.  2,  1838. 

70.  V.       Marshall  Warren,  b.  Dec.  15,  1831. + 

71.  vi.      Charles  Henry,  b.  Oct.  25,  1840.+ 

23.  Thomas  Marshall*^  (Roger^,  James*,  James^,  SamueP, 
Roger^),  b.  Aug.  15,  1798;  d.  Dec.  1,  1851;  m.  1822,  Anne 
Cooper  [b.  England  about  1804;  d.  Aug.  16,  1851].  He  was  a 
machinist,  working  successively  at  Lowell,  Mass.,  New  Ips- 
wich, Somersworth,  N.  H.,  Watertown,  Mass.,  and  finally  for 
many  years  in  the  U.  S.  Navy  Yard  at  Charlestown,  Alass. 
Children : 

72.  i.        Mary  Jane,  b.  New  Ipswich,  June  4,  1826;  d.  Nov.  2,  1890; 

m.  Nov.  13,  1854,  George  N.  Fisher,  a  milk  dealer  at 
Charlestown.  She  was  a  public  school  teacher  in  Charles- 
town  and  Boston  from  early  womanhood  until  her  mar- 
7Z.  ii.  Sarah  Maria,  b.  Watertown,  Mass.,  Dec.  1,  1829.  Begin- 
ning at  the  age  of  sixteen  she  was  a  teacher  for  forty-five 
years  in  the  public  schools  of  Charlestown  and  Boston,  ex- 
cept during  two  years  of  service  at  an  academy  in  Missis- 
sippi. After  retiring  she  resided  at  Ayer  and  Worcester, 

74.  iii.     Lyman    Marshall,   b.    Charlestown,   Dec,    1846;    d.   Aug.   7, 


28.  Charles''  (Roger^,  James*,  James^,  SamueP,  Roger^), 
b.  May  14,  1810;  d.  Apr.  12,  1889;  m.  Nov.  16,  1834,  Esther  B. 
Plympton  [b.  June  25,  1814;  d.  Sept.  10,  1857].  He  left  New 
Ipswich  with  his  brother  George  at  the  age  of  sixteen,  and 
learned  the  trade  of  machinist  at  Lowell  of  his  brother  James, 
with  whom  he  worked  several  years.  About  1844  he  removed 
to  Shirley,  Mass.,  and  conducted  a  private  express  line  be- 
tween that  town  and  Boston,  and  after  retiring  from  business 
he  resided  there  until  his  death.     Children  : 

75.  i.        Francis  Henry,  b.  Mar.  22,  1836;  d.  Feb.  20,  1910;  m.  Mar. 

9,  1860,  Kate  Carter  of  Shirley.  He  followed  many  lines 
of  mercantile  business,  but  for  many  years  was  a  dealer  in 
flour,  grain,  produce,  and  fruit  in  Nashua,  where  he  died. 

76.  ii.       Elizabeth  A.,  b.  Jan.  20,  1838;  d.  Dec.  29,  1842. 

77.  iii.      Elizabeth  A.,  b.  June  4,  1844;  m.  Nov.   1,  1865,  Herman  S., 

son  of  Joseph  and  Ann  (Longley)  Hazen  [b.  Shirley,  Aug. 
25,  1845].  He  is  a  farmer  in  Shirley,  and  has  held  all  the 
more  important  town  offices,  and  has  also  served  as  rep- 
resentative. Child :  Ethel  Hazen,  b.  May  29,  1871 ;  d.  Apr. 
15,  1882. 

78.  iv.      Charles  Plympton,  b.  Feb.   16,  1847;  d.   Sept.  25,  1865.     At 

the  age  of  seventeen  he  enlisted  in  the  26th  Massachusetts 
Regiment  and  after  a  year's  faithful  service  was  discharged 


Chandler  (Roger) 

with  the  regiment,  only  to  die  in  a  short  time  from  dis- 
ease caused  by  the  hardships  of  the  service. 

31.  Henry  Pulaski''  (Rog-er^  James^  James^,  SamueF, 
Rog-erM,  b.  June  18.  1821;  d.  July  fl.  1891;  m.  Feb.  13,  1842. 
Charlotte  Silver  [b.  Feb.  14,  1822;  d.  Feb.  9,  1906].  He 
learned  the  machinist's  trade  of  his  brother  James  at  Lowell 
and  worked  there  until  about  1847,  when  he  removed  to  the 
works  just  begun  where  is  now  the  city  of  Lawrence  and  con- 
tinued there,  except  a  brief  residence  at  Shirley,  Mass.,  about 
1857,  until  he  retired  from  business  with  a  comfortable  com- 
petence due  in  no  small  part  to  his  valuable  inventions  in  the 
machinery  used  in  cotton  mills.  He  retired  to  East  Acton, 
Mass.,  in  1882,  and  there  passed  his  later  years.     Children: 

79.  i.        John  Henry,  b.  Sept.  28,  1843.+ 

80.  ii.       Lydia  Maria,  b.  June  20,  1845;  m.  Feb.  3,  1874,  Stillman  P., 

son  of  Jonas  and  Eliza  (Atherton)  Holden  of  Shirley, 
Mass.  [b.  Nov.  10,  1840].  He  was  a  farmer  and  carpenter. 
Res.  at  Shirley  and  Waltham,  Mass.  Children :  i.  Leon 
Chandler  Holden.  b.  Nov.  23,  1874.  ii.  Cora  Leslie  Holden, 
b.  Oct.  22,  1879;  m.  Oct.   17,  1907,  E.  Thomas  Charles. 

81.  iii.      Joseph  Shirley,  b.  Dec.  28,  1846;  d.  Mar.  20,  1847. 

82.  iv.      Charlotte  Abby,  b.  Jan.  30,  1848;  d.  Nov.  30,  1859. 

83.  V.       Susan  Ogden,  b.  Apr.  21,  1859.     A  successful  teacher. 

84.  vi.      Jesse  L.,  b.  Oct.  14,  1863.-f 

35.  James  Melvin^  (John^,  James*,  James^  SamueP, 
Roger^),  b.  Tewksbury,  Mass.,  Nov.  14,  1818;  d.  Dec.  4,  1888; 
m.  Oct.  1,  1843,  Susan  J.,  dau.  of  Elijah  and  Susan  (Simonds) 
Harris  of  South  Boston.  Mass.  [b.  May  3.  1829;  d.  Sept.  29, 
1903].  He  was  a  member  of  the  firm  of  dealers  in  naval  stores 
in  which  his  brothers-in-law  were  engaged,  and  after  his  with- 
drawal from  it  about  1855,  he  returned  to  his  native  town, 
and  for  the  rest  of  his  life  held  an  honored  place  there. 
Children : 

85.  i.        John  Henry,  b.  Aug.  26,  1845.+ 

86.  ii.       Susan  Anna,  b.  Aug.  25,  1847;  d.  Dec.  8,  1906;  m.  Nov.  19, 

1869,  Samuel  L.  Babcock,  a  fish  dealer  in  Keene  until  1888, 
and  afterward  in  railroad  employ  at  Tewksbury.     One  son. 

87.  iii.     Josephine  Maria,  b.  Aug.  27,  1849;  m.  Nov.  29,  1876,  Albert 

S.  Briggs,  a  general  mechanic  in  Lowell.  Res.  in  Tewks- 
bury.    Six  children. 

88.  iv.      Mary  Frances,  b.   Nov.  28,   1851;   d.  June   15,   1902;   m.    (1) 

Aug.  3,  1871,  Elverton  A.  Davis,  a  carpenter;  (2)  Apr.  IS, 
1885,  Charles  H.  Tucker,  a  farmer.  Three  children  of  first 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

89.  V.       Hannah  Jane,  b.  Mar.  2,  1854.     Res.  on  home  farm  with  her 


90.  vi.      James  Melvin,  b.  Feb.  3,  1856;  m.  (1)  July  30,  1884,  Isabella, 

dau.  of  Alexander  Dewar  of  Nova  Scotia  [d.  Jan.  3,  1887]  : 
(2)  June  6,  1888,  Ida  C,  dau.  of  John  and  Princess  Ann 
(Rawlings)  Lane  of  Lowell,  Mass. 

91.  vii.     Hiram  Stevens,  b.  June  12,  1857.+ 

92.  viii.    Pamelia  Kittredge,  b.  Aug.  12,  1859;  d.  Aug.  31,  1859. 

93.  ix.      Isabella  Lang,  b.  Sept.  28,  1860;   d.  July  22,   1887;  m.   Nov. 

25,  1880,  George  E.  Marshall,  a  farmer  in  Tewksbury. 
Three  children. 

94.  X.       Jeremiah  Kittredge,  b.  Sept.  30,  1863.+ 

95.  xi.      William    Abbott,   b.    May  9,    1868.     He   is   a   farmer   on   the 

home  farm  with  his  sister  Hannah  Jane. 

37.  Jeremiah®  (John^,  James*,  James^,  Samuel-,  Roger^), 
b.  Oct.  2,  1822;  d.  June  27,  1876;  m.  Jan.  1,  1849,  Anne  Cor- 
nelia Gibson  (10).  He  was  a  farmer,  and  succeeded  to  his 
father's  farm  in  Tewksbury,  but  in  his  later  years  he  became 
insane.  His  widow  m.  (2)  July  20,  1882,  her  brother-in-law, 
Washington  Shepley  of  Canton,  111.    'Children: 

96.  i.        John  Stillman,  b.  Jan.  8,  1851;  unm.     He  was  a  farmer  at 

Canton,  111.,  for  some  years,  and  afterward  returned  to 

97.  ii.      Jeremiah  Kittredge,  b.  Aug.  7,  1854.+ 

98.  iii.     George  Washington,  b.  Mar.  29,  1860;  m.  Nov.  9,  1888,  Kate 

F.,  dau.  of  John  and  Sarah  (Dunlap)  Allen  [b.  May  21, 
1857].  He  fitted  for  college  at  New  Ipswich  Appleton 
Academy  and  graduated  from  Tufts  College  with  degree 
C.  E.  in  1880.  He  has  been  employed  upon  several  railroads 
in  the  United  States  and  Mexico,  upon  national  river  im- 
provements, and  in  later  years  has  been  city  engineer  of 
Canton,  111. 

99.  iv.      Charles  Henry,  b.  June  26,  1863;  m.  Nov.  3,  1897,  Alice  A., 

dau.  of  Charles  W.  and  Emma  (Young)  Dodge  [b.  Brook- 
field,  Mo.,  July  20,  1870]. 

47.  Seth  Wheeler®  (Daniel^,  James*,  James^,  SamueP, 
Rogers,  b.  June  1,  1817;  d.  Mar.  20,  1871;  m.  Mar.  11,  1838, 
Mary  Maria  Bush  [b.  Benton,  N.  Y.,  July  11,  1820;  d.  Oct.  4, 
1871  ] .  He  passed  his  life  after  arriving  at  maturity  in  Ellington, 
N.  Y.,  and  the  neighboring  town  of  Kennedy,  to  which  he 
removed  in  middle  life  after  the  birth  of  his  children.  In  each 
of  these  towns  he  was  the  owner  of  a  gristmill.  He  was  a 
justice.    Children: 

100.  i.  Josephine,  b.  Jan.  8,  1841;  d.  Kennedy,  N.  Y.,  Mar.  24,  1869; 
m.  Nov.  1,  1865,  John  M.  Mills  [b.  about  1838;  d.  Vineland, 
N.  J.,  Nov.  IS,  1866]. 


Chandler  (Roger) 

101.  ii.  Emily,  b.  May  19,  1843;  d.  Jan.  25,  1868. 

102.  iii.  George,  b.  May  3,  1845 ;  d.  May  16,  1845. 

103.  iv.  Mary  A.,  b.  Aug.  2,  1847 ;  d.  Dec.  18,  1867. 

104.  V.  Myra  E.,  b.  Feb.  18,  1850;  m.  Nov.  28,  1881,  Nathan  A.  Reed, 

a  merchant's  clerk  at  Austin,  Minn. 

50.  James  Moses^  (DanieP,  James*,  James^,  SamueP, 
Roger^),  b.  May  30,  1824;  d.  Jan.  7,  1861;  m.  Perrydale,  Ore., 
May  20,  1863,  Nancy  Ann  (Wilson)  Sargeant  [b.  Piqua,  O., 
July  8,  1827;  d.  July  5,  1890].  He  studied  at  Otterbein  Col- 
lege, but  did  not  complete  a  full  course.  In  1854  he  joined  a 
colony  formed  to  settle  in  Oregon,  whither  they  journeyed 
with  ox-teams,  being  nearly  six  months  on  the  way.  He  took 
up  a  half-section  of  land  and  became  a  farmer,  but  taught 
during  the  winters  until  nearly  the  end  of  his  life.  He  married 
a  widow  with  several  children  and  a  farm  which  with  his 
own  amounted  to  nearly  1000  acres  and  seemed  a  comfortable 
barony  for  their  children.     Children : 

105.  i.        Charles  Henry,  b.  Apr.  8,  1864.+ 

106.  ii.       Albert    Bennett,   b.   Nov.  27,    1865;   m.   Dec.  25,    1889,   Cora 

Bell  Graves.  He  is  a  farmer,  having  land  in  Perrydale  and 
the  adjoining  town  of  Ballston.     He  has  several  children. 

107.  iii.      Emma  Maria,  b.  Nov.  14,  1868;  m.  Sept.  6,  1885,  William  B. 

Davis  [b.  Cute,  Tenn.,  1865].  A  farmer  and  livery  stabler 
in  Perrydale,  Ore.,  and  afterward  a  hardware  merchant  in 
Dallas,  Ore. 

52.  Daniel  Henry*^  (DanieP,  James*,  James^,  SamueP, 
Roger^),  b.  Mar.  25,  1829;  d.  Knoxville,  Tenn.,  Oct.  25,  1908; 
m.  (1)  July  3,  1849,  Ruth  A.,  dau.  of  John  and  Naomi 
(Thompson)  Felt  [b.  Ellington,  N.  Y.,  Nov.  19,  1829;  d. 
Xenia,  O.,  June  5,  1886]  ;  (2)  Dec.  29,  1887,  Polly  Calista,  dau. 
of  David  and  Polly  (Hall)  Gates  [b.  Oct.  2,  1822;  d.  Nov.  9, 
1891];  (3)  Nov.  24,  1892,  Mrs.  Sarah  A.  (Shaw)  Hatch  [b. 
July  17,  1829;  d.  May  13,  1896].  He  was  a  blacksmith  in  New 
York  and  Indiana  until  the  Civil  War,  when  he  enlisted  as 
artificer  in  the  5th  Indiana  Battery,  and  served  more  than 
three  years,  but  w^s  brevetted  lieutenant  at  the  battle  of 
Chickamauga  and  afterward  received  his  commission.  He 
was  afterward  a  wagon  maker  in  Indiana,  a  farmer  in  Penn- 
sylvania for  several  years,  and  later  a  travelling  salesman  in 
Tennessee.  After  a  brief  experience  as  market  gardener  in 
Xenia,  O.,  he  returned  to  his  early  home  in  Ellington,  N.  Y., 
and  to  miscellaneous  mechanical  activities.  While  a  citizen 
of  Indiana  he  was  a  justice.    Children: 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

108.  i.        Martha   Jeannette,   b.   Ellington,   N.   Y.,   June   7,    1850;    m. 

Feb.  20,  1884,  Herman  Compton,  a  farmer  at  McLane  and 
McKean,  Pa.    Four  children. 

109.  ii.       AsENATH  Maria,  b.  Ellington,  N.  Y.,  Dec.  28,  1851;  d.  Etna, 

Ind.,  Aug.  1,  1865. 

110.  iii.     Charles    Wheeler,    b.    Rutledge,    N.    Y.,   Apr.   28,    1853;    d. 

Xenia,  O.,  May  28,  1903;  m.  June  5,  1895,  Susan,  dau.  of 
Rev.  Hiram  and  Mary  Jane  (Oliphant)  Bulkeley  [b.  May 
13,  1853].  He  taught  for  several  years  in  Pennsylvania, 
Tennessee  and  Ohio,  was  a  travelling  salesman  for  a  time, 
a  dealer  in  coal  and  building  supplies  at  Xenia,  O.,  1887-99, 
and  w^as  engaged  in  life  insurance  afterward  until  his  death. 

111.  iv.      Mary  Wheeler,  b.  Rutledge,  N.  Y.,  May  19,  1855;  d.  Jan.  10, 


112.  V.       George  Prentiss,  b.  Albion,  Ind.,  Mar.  26,  1857.+ 

113.  vi.      Laura  Emily,  b.  Etna,  Ind.,  Mar.   13,  1861;  d.  McLane,  Pa., 

Nov.  27,  1880.     She  was  a  teacher. 

114.  vii.     Anna  Simonson,  b.  Etna,  Ind.,  Sept.  16,  1866.     Res.  with  her 

brother  Seth  Virgil  in  Knoxville,  Tenn. 

115.  viii.   William  Henry,  b.  Etna,  Ind.,  Feb.  9,  1870;  d.  Nov.  16,  1880. 

116.  ix.      Seth  Virgil,  b.  Franklin,  Pa.,  Apr.  28,  1872.     He  is  a  mem- 

ber of  the  Knoxville  Supply  Co.,  Knoxville,  Tenn. 

55.  James  Augustus'^  (Charles^,  James^,  James*,  James^, 
SamueP,  Roger^),  b.  Jan.  27,  1837;  d.  Hillsdale,  Mich.,  about 
1867.    He  was  probably  a  farmer.    Children  : 

117.  i.        Charles,  a  druggist. 

118.  ii.       Clarence,  a  druggist. 

57.  James  Adelbert^  (Stephen  P.^,  James^,  James*,  James^, 
SamueP,  Roger^),  b.  1837;  m.  about  1868,  Rachel  Jones. 

119.  i.        Clara,  b.  about  1869. 

67,  James  Lyman^  (James^,  Roger^,  James*,  James^, 
SamueP,  Roger^),  b.  Feb.  8,  1823;  d.  Mar.  21,  1904;  m.  (1) 
Mar.  28,  1848,  Clarissa  Merriam,  dau.  of  Oliver  and  Sally 
(Whitney)  Kendall  [b.  Ashby,  Mass.,  Mar.,  1827;  d.  Oct.  26, 
1854];  (2)  July  5,  1855,  Ann  Elizabeth  Wheeler  (147).  His 
home  after  the  age  of  nine  years  was  in  New  Ipswich,  where 
he  was  first  a  farmer  upon  the  paternal  farm,  and  later  upon 
the  next  farm  westward,  (XII :  4,  S.  R.,)  where  he  built  the 
house  now  standing  there,  which  was  his  home  for  more  than 
thirty  years,  after  which  he  succeeded  to  the  home  of  his 
father's  later  years  in  Smith  Village.  For  many  years  he 
owned  the  sawmill  on  XIV:  4,  S.  R.,  and  was  also  largely 
occupied  as  a  carpenter  and  general  mechanic.     Children : 










Chandler  (Roger) 

120.  i.  Myron  Kendall,  b.  Jan.  24,  1851;  d.  Dec.  23,  1910;  m.  July 
30,  1882,  Ella  E.,  dau.  of  James  and  Eliza  (Beaman)  Gar- 
land [b.  New  Orleans,  La.,  July  30,  1849;  d.  Mar.,  1913]. 
He  was  a  carpenter  at  Gardner,  Mass. 

121.  ii.  Amanda,  b.  June  14,  1853;  d.  Feb.  9,  1901;  m.  Oct.  5,  1884, 
Austin  C.  Drury.  One  son,  b.  Aug.  26,  1885;  d.  Sept.  26, 

Herbert  Warren,  b.  Apr.  2,  18S6.+ 

Lyman   Marshall,  b.   Nov.    16,   1858;   d.   May  6,   1895,  unm. 

He  was  postmaster  at  Smithville,  where  he  had  a  country 

William  Henry,  b.  Nov.  22,  1863.+ 
Alice  Eva,  b.  July  30,  1866.     She  is  the  present  owner  of  the 

family  home  in  Smithville  in  which  she  resided. 

126.  vii.     Levi  L.,  b.  and  d.  May,  1870. 

68.  George  Willard^  (James^  Roger^  James*,  James^ 
Samuel^,  Roger^),  b.  July  29,  1825;  d.  Manhattan,  Kan.;  m. 
(1)  June  15,  1847,  Martha,  dau.  of  John^  (Cornelius®),  and 
Polly  (Stratton)  Towne  [b.  Jaffrey,  Nov.  29,  1821;  d.  May 
21,  1848]  ;  (2)  Aug.  12,  1849,  Hannah  Chaplin  Towne  (42)  [b. 
Dublin,  Oct.  23,  1831;  d.  Dec.  25,  1900].  He  learned  the  ma- 
chinist's trade  in  Lowell,  Mass.,  and  has  followed  that  indus- 
try in  that  city  and  in  New  Ipswich,  Dublin,  and  Greenville, 
and  Winchendon  and  Ayer,  Mass.  He  was  a  very  skilful 
mechanic,  and  made  a  number  of  useful  inventions,  among 
which  is  the  earliest  practicable  twine-binding  reaper;  but 
most  of  the  advantages  of  his  inventions  have  been  secured 
by  others.  He  lived  for  a  few  years  after  1854  on  the  home 
farm,  and  during  a  period  of  fifteen  years  near  Kidder  Moun- 
tain, on  46,  N.  D.,  on  which  latter  farm  he  had  a  well-furnished 
shop  in  which  he  and  his  sons  were  largely  occupied.  Since 
1890  he  has  been  a  general  mechanic  in  Manhattan,  Kan. 
Children : 

127.  i.        George  Willard  Alonzo,  b.  New  Ipswich,  Apr.  28,  1848;  d. 

Feb.  16,  1849. 

128.  ii.       Maria  Hannah,  b.  Dublin,  Apr.  27,  1851 ;  d.  Maiden,  Mass., 

Mar.  1,  1907;  m.  July  23,  1879,  William,  son  of  William  and 
Eliza  (Clark)  Gray  [b.  Newburyport,  Mass.,  Oct.  13,  1838]. 
He  was  a  clerk  and  accountant  of  Winchendon,  Mass.,  and 
later  in  Boston.  Children :  i.  Mabel  Hannah  Gray,  b.  Sept. 
10,  1880.  ii.  Gertrude  Hortense  Gray.  b.  Mar.  6,  1882.  iii. 
Ethel  Marguerite  Gray,  b.  Mar.  30,  1884.  iv.  Florence 
Church  Gray,  b.  Feb.  4,  1887. 

129.  iii.     Laura  Jane,  b.  Dublin,  Jan.  6,  1853;  m.  July  3,  1875,  Charles 

Hanson,  son  of  Charles  Hanson  and  Rhoda  H.    (Buxton) 
Parker  of  Milford.     Res.  Milford  and  Ayer,  Mass. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

130.  iv.      Lewis   Edward,  b.   New   Ipswich,   Feb.   17,   1855;   d.   Feb.    10, 


131.  V.       Abbie  Ann,  b.  New  Ipswich,  May  7,   1857;  m.  Sept.  9,   1881, 

Fred  Emery,  son  of  Sumner  and  Cordelia  G.  (Brooks) 
Fletcher  and  grandson  of  Reuben  Fletcher  (50).  He  is  a 
machinist.  Res.  Winchendon  and  Gardner,  Mass.  Child : 
i.  Carl  Winthrop  Fletcher,  b.  Nov.  13,  1882 ;  d.  Apr.  23,  1904. 

132.  vi.      Nancy  Ella,  b.  New  Ipswich,  June  4,  1859;  m.  Mar.  30,  1883, 

Edward  J.,  son  of  Seth  R.  and  Esther  A.  (Jenkins)  Holden 
[b.  Shirley,  Mass.,  May  3,  1856].  Res.  Shirley  and  Ayer, 
Mass.  Child:  i.  Seth  Chandler  Holden,  b.  Apr.  24,  1884; 
d.  May  18,  1897. 

133.  vii.     James  Cornelius,  b.  Greenville,  June  12,  1861. -(- 

134.  viii.    George  Henry,  b.  Winchendon,  Mass.,  Dec.   15,  1863.+ 

135.  ix.      Daniel  Lyman,  b.  Winchendon,  Mass.,  Aug.  6,  1866;  m.  Sept. 

28,  1898,  Gertrude  Virginia  Estey.  He  is  a  very  skilful 
machinist  and  inventor,  and  is  superintendent  of  the 
Chandler  Planer  Co.  of  Ayer,  Mass.  He  has  also  several 
other  very  useful  inventions  of  earlier  date  than  the  planer. 

136.  X.       Harriet   Elizabeth,  b.    Fitchburg,    Mass.,   June    14,    1868;    m. 

Mar.  4,  1897,  Alvah  B.  Mosher.  Res.  Ayer,  Mass.  Chil- 
dren :  i.  Minta  Julia  Mosher,  h.  May  2,  1898.  ii.  Elva 
Harriet  Mosher,  b.  July  22,  1899.  iii.  Edna  Florence 
Mosher,  b.  Jan.  31,  1903.  iv.  Ruth  Lola  Mosher,  b.  Mar.  31, 
1905 ;  d.  July  14,  1906.  v.  Chandler  Benjamin  Mosher,  b. 
Oct.  13,  1907. 

137.  xi.     Gertrude  Esther,  b.   Greenville,  Aug.   16,   1870.     Res.   Ayer, 


138.  xii.    Charles  Willard,  b.  New  Ipswich,  Mar.  21,  1872;  d.  June  24, 


139.  xiii.  Lucy  Eliza,  b.  New  Ipswich,  July  19,  1874;  m.  Aug.  8,  1897, 

Waldo  Whitman,  son  of  John  H.  and  Lydia  (Doloff) 
Sprague  [b.  Manchester,  Aug.  27,  1877].  He  has  a  position 
in  the  express  business  at  Ayer,  Mass.  Child :  i.  Lyman 
Chandler  Sprague,  b.  July  18,  1902. 

70.  JMarshall  Warren^  (James",  Roger^,  James*,  James^, 
SamueF,  Roger^),  b.  Dec.  15,  1831;  d.  Jan.  19,  1912;  m.  Sept. 
7,  1854,  Elizabeth  Sterne,  dau.  of  Clark  B.  and  Harriet  (Mead) 
Campbell  [b.  Putney,  Vt.,  Oct.  10,  1834;  d.  Aug.  24,  1910]. 
He  was  a  machinist  at  Winchendon,  Mass.,  until  failing  sight 
compelled  the  cessation  of  such  labor.  He  was  selectman, 
also  a  trustee  of  the  Savings  Bank  in  that  town  for  nearly 
thirty  years,  and  a  deacon  for  a  longer  period.     Children  : 

140.  i.        Harriet    Campbell,    b.    July    13,    1855;    d.    Nov.    1,    1888;    m. 

Charles  A.  Adams  [b.  Oct.,  1856].  He  was  a  druggist  at 
Winchendon  and  afterward  at  Gardner,  Mass.,  where  she 
died.  Child:  i.  Bernice  Chandler  Adams,  b.  Mar.  16,  1878; 
m.  June  21,  1899,  Charles  Allen  Loring  of  New  Rochelle, 
N.  Y.    Two  sons. 


Chandler  (Roger) 

71.  Charles  Henry^  (James^  Roger^  James*,  James', 
SamueP,  Roger^),  b.  Oct.  25,  1840;  d.  Mar.  29,  1912;  m.  Aug. 
17,  1868,  Eliza  F.,  dau.  of  Hiram  and  Charlotte  Adelia  (Wil- 
lard)  Dwinnell  [b.  Ashburnham,  Mass.,  Jan.  15,  1844;  d. 
Ripon,  Wis.,  Oct.  28,  1894].  He  fitted  for  college  at  New 
Ipswich  Appleton  Academy,  graduated  from  Dartmouth  Col- 
lege in  1868,  and  devoted  his  life  to  teaching.  Before  entering 
college  he  taught  for  some  years  in  the  academy,  and  later  in 
three  other  New  England  academies.  But  after  1870  his  at- 
tention was  given  to  mathematical  and  allied  scientific  work, 
he  having  for  ten  years  been  a  professor  in  Antioch  College 
of  Yellow  Springs,  O.,  and  since  1881  in  Ripon  (Wis.)  Col- 
lege, where  he  became  Professor  Emeritus  in  1906.  He  then 
came  to  New  England  to  care  for  his  invalid  sister,  and  while 
residing  in  New  Ipswich  was  a  member  of  the  school  board 
for  four  years  and  worked  for  five  years  on  this  History  of 
the  Town  of  New  Ipswich.     Children  : 

141.  i.        Elwyn   Francis,  b.   Aug.  29,   1872;   m.   Sept.   7,   1900,   Anna 

Levina,  dau.  of  John  and  Jane  (Brown)  McCumber  [b. 
Chinguacoushy,  Ont.].  He  graduated  from  Ripon  College 
in  1894,  and  studied  for  two  years  at  the  State  University 
of  Wisconsin.  In  1899  he  became  an  instructor  in  the 
State  University  of  North  Dakota,  where  he  is  now  pro- 
fessor in  charge  of  the  Civil  Engineering  course.  He  also 
has  been  State  Engineer  of  North  Dakota,  and  holds  a 
U.  S.  engineering  commission  in  supervision  of  some 
branches  of  survey  work  carried  forward  in  Dakota. 

142.  ii.       Edith  Beatrice,  b.  Feb.  26,  1881.     She  graduated  from  Ripon 

College  in  1904,  and  has  since  been  occupied  by  study  in 
the  University  of  Chicago  and  in  Europe,  and  by  teaching 
the  modern  languages. 

79.  John  Henry'^  (Henry  P.®,  Roger^,  James*,  James^, 
SamueP,  Roger^),  b.  Lowell,  Mass.,  Sept.  28,  1843;  m.  (1)  Jan. 
17,  1867,  Augusta  Porter  of  Shirley,  Mass.;  (2)  June,  1879, 
Abbie  Smith  [d.  Pasadena,  Cal.,  Jan.  10,  1888]  ;  (3)  July  20, 
1893,  Clarinda  Smith.  He  learned  the  machinist's  trade  and 
has  followed  it  during  most  of  his  life  at  Ballardvale,  Mass., 
and  Indian  Orchard,  Mass.  He  was  engaged  for  a  few  years 
in  fruit  culture  at  San  Jose,  Cal.     Children  : 

143.  i.        Henry   Porter,   b.   Indian   Orchard,   Mar.  3,    1880;   m.   Joliet, 

111.,  Helen  Firman  Mack.  He  studied  for  two  years  at 
Stanford  University,  and  then  transferring  to  Harvard 
University  graduated  there  in  1901.  He  was  next  an  in- 
structor in  the  University  of  Chicago  and  president's  secre- 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

tary,  being  also  a  law  student,  and  later  he  was  admitted 
to  the  bar  in  that  city. 

144.  ii.       Ethel,    b.    Indian    Orchard,    Aug.    28,    1881.      She    graduated 

from  Mt.  Holyoke  College  in  1905. 

145.  iii.      Grant,   b.    Ballardvale,   Aug.    15,    1885.      He   graduated    from 

Harvard  College. 

84.  Jesse  hJ  (Henry  P.*',  Roger^,  James*,  James^,  SamueP, 
Roger!),  b.  Oct.  14,  1863;  m.  July  3,  1883,  Hattie  G.  Shaw. 
He  is  a  machinist  at  Lawrence,  Mass.     Child: 

146.  i.        Charles,  d.  in  infancy. 

85.  John  Henry^  (James  M.®,  John^,  James*,  James^,  Sam- 
uel-, Roger^),  b.  South  Boston,  Mass.,  Aug.  26,  1845;  m.  Nov. 

19,  1869,  Annette  Aullen.  He  has  passed  his  life  since  early 
boyhood  in  his  ancestral  town,  Tewksbury,  Mass.,  where  he 
has  been  town  clerk.    Child : 

147.  i.        Bertha  J.,  b.  June  20,  1876. 

91.  HiRAM  Stevens'^  (James  M.'',  John^,  James*,  James^, 
SamueP,  Roger^),  b.  Tewksbury,  Mass.,  June  12,  1857;  m.  Oct. 

20,  1881,  Theresa  Schmidt  [b.  Tewksbury,  Oct.  12,  1861]. 
He  is  a  farmer  in  his  native  town.    Children : 

148.  i.        Hiram  Thaddeus,  b.  Oct.  2,  1883. 

149.  ii.       George  William,  b.  Oct.  10,  1885. 

150.  iii.     Andrew  James,  b.  Sept.  22,  1890. 

94.  Jeremiah  Kittredge^  (James*^,  John^,  James*,  James^, 
SamueP,  Roger^),  b.  Tewksbury,  Mass.,  Sept.  30,  1863;  m. 
Nov.  26,  1884,  Catherine,  dau.  of  Thaddeus  and  Catherine  L. 
(Sotting)  Schmidt  [b.  Tewksbury,  June,  1863].  He  is  a 
farmer  of  Tewksbury,  living  near  the  ancestral  farm.  Chil- 
dren : 

151.  i.        Alice  Gertrude,  b.  Feb.  27,  1886;  m.  Dec.  20,  1906, Irving. 

152.  ii.       Larkin  Trull  Thorndike,  b.  Oct.  3,  1888. 

153.  iii.     William  Albert,  b.  Nov.,  1890. 

97.  Jeremiah  Kittredge^  (Jeremiah^,  John^  James*, 
James^  SamueP,  Roger^),  b.  Tewksbury,  Mass.,  Aug.  7,  1854; 
d.  Jan.  3,  1881 ;  m.  Mar.,  1876,  Mary  Eva  Burton  (3).  He  was 
a  farmer  of  his  native  town,  where  he  died.     Children : 

154.  i.        Annie  Frances,  b.  Oct.  21,  1876;  m.  Oct.  2,  1892,  Walter  S. 

Thayer  (21). 

155.  ii.       Nellie,  b.  Nov.  21,  1878;  d.  Aug.  20,  1879. 

156.  iii.      Harry  Hersey,  b.  May  28,  1880.+ 

105.  Charles  Henry^  (James  M.^  DanieP,  James*,  James^ 
SamueP,  Roger^),  b.  Ballston,  Ore.,  Apr.  8,  1864;  m.  June  24, 


Chandler  (Roger) 

1885,  Althea  Genia  Cox.     He  is  a  farmer  and  stock  raiser, 
and    has    res.    successively    at    Langlois,    Grand    Ronde,    and 
Bandon,  Ore.    Child : 
157.  i.       Vernon  Vance,  b.  Langlois,  Ore.,  Jan.  14,  1890. 

112.  George  Prentiss^  (Daniel®,  Daniel^,  James*,  James^, 
SamueP,  Roger^),  b.  Albion,  Ind.,  Mar.  26,  1857;  m.  Dayton, 
O.,  Mar.  10,  1892,  Ella  Wright.  He  was  a  teacher  in  Pennsyl- 
vania, and  a  traveling  salesman  for  school  supplies;  in  1885 
he  entered  business  with  his  brother  Charles  W.  as  dealers 
in  coal  and  building  supplies  at  Xenia,  O.,  where  he  continued 
until  1891,  since  which  time  he  has  been  a  member  of  the 
Knoxville  Supply  Co.,  Knoxville,  Tenn.  He  also  is  proprietor 
of  a  coal  mine  at  Briceville,  Tenn.    Children : 

159.  i.       Jamison  Wright,  b.  Oct.  18,  1895 ;  d.  Oct.  19,  1895. 

160.  ii.       William  Lindsley  Wright,  b.  Apr.  8,  1898. 

122.  Herbert  Warren*  (James  LJ,  James**,  Roger^, 
James*,  James^,  SamueP,  Roger^),  b.  Apr.  2,  1856;  m.  Apr.  16, 
1884,  Carrie  Mary  Hannah  Blanchard  (50).  He  is  a  merchant 
and  mechanic  at  Smithville,  where  he  is  also  postmaster. 
Children : 

161.  i.  James  Oilman,  b.  Dec.  23,  1887;  d.  Feb.  6,  1888. 

162.  ii.  George  Blanchard,  b.  Dec.  9,  1888;  d.  Dec.  9,  1888. 

163.  iii.  Robert  Levi,  b.  June  5,  1894. 

164.  iv.  Lyman  Marshall,  b.  Apr.  22,  1899. 

124.  William  Henry*  (James  L.^  James**,  Roger^  James*, 
James^  SamueF,  Roger^),  b.  Nov.  22,  1863;  m.  Oct.  30,  1887, 
Henrietta  Florence,  dau.  of  Henry  and  Rachel  A.  (Giddings) 
Stiles  [b.  Temple,  Mar.  10,  1866].  He  has  been  successively 
a  farmer  in  New  Ipswich,  a  merchant  in  Ashby,  Mass.,  and  a 
farmer  in  Ashburnham,  Mass.    Child: 

165.  i.        Ernest  Henry,  b.  July  20,  1892. 

133.  James  Cornelius*  (George  W.^  James«,  Roger", 
James*,  James^  SamueP,  Roger^),  b.  June  12,  1861;  m.  Oct. 
29,  1885,  Ellen  Maria,  dau.  of  Albert  Freeman  and  Lydia 
Maria  (Burgess)  Wright.  He  is  a  blacksmith,  and  has  res. 
successively  at  Ayer,  Mass.,  Nashua,  and  New  Ipswich.  He 
has  been  a  selectman  in  New  Ipswich.    Children : 

166.  i.        George  Freeman,  b.  May  16,  1889. 

167.  ii.       Cora   Lydia,    b.    June   6,    1892;    m.    Carl    L.    Chandler.      One 

daughter,  Madeleine  Harriet,  b.  July  27,  1911. 

168.  iii.     James  Ralph,  b.  Dec.  12,  1898. 

169.  iv.     Gladys  Ellen,  b.  Oct.  26,  1901. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

134.  George  Henry^  (George  W/,  James®,  Roger^.  James*, 
James^,  SamueP,  Roger^,  b.  Dec.  15,  1863;  m.  Dec.  24,  1891, 
Annie  V.  Webber  [b.  Buxton,  Me.,  Dec.  23,  1873].  He  is  a 
machinist  at  Ayer,  Mass.     Children : 

170.  i.  Lucy  Elizabeth,  b.  Jan.  2,  1894. 

171.  ii.  Lyman  Everett,  b.  Feb.  25,  1895 ;  d.  Aug.  26,  1895. 

172.  iii.  Eva  Henrietta,  b.  Nov.  10,  1896. 

173.  iv.  Avis  Burns,  b.  Mar.  17,  1899. 

174.  v.  Dorothy  Chaplin,  b.  July  16,  1901. 

175.  vi.  Charles  Henry,  b.  May  13,  1905. 

156.  Harry  Hersey^  (Jeremiah  K.'',  Jeremiah",  John^, 
James^,  James^,  SamueP,  Roger^),  b.  Tewksbury,  Mass.,  May 
28,  1880;  m.  Dec.  3,  1903,  Georgie  Hurd  Colwell  of  St.  John, 
N.  B.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Chandler  Non-Skidding  Chain 
Co.,  New  York  city.     Children  : 

176.  i.        Paul  Douglas,  b.  July  5,  1905. 

177.  ii.       Ruth  Josephine,  b.  Dec,  1906. 

178.  iii.      Olive  Easter,  b.  Apr.  24,  1908. 

Samuel  Chandler,  formerly  a  sailor,  occupied  the  "Breed 
farm,"  82,  A.  D.,  for  several  years  about  1850-1860,  but  ap- 
parently he  was  not  a  member  of  either  of  the  families  con- 
sidered here. 

CHANDLER  (William). 

William'    Chandler,    d.    1641;    m.    Annis   [d.    Mar.    17,    1683]. 

With  wiie  and  four  children  he  settled  in  Roxbur/  in  1637.  His  v^^idow^ 
m.  (1)  John  Dane;  (2)  John  Parmenter  of  Sudbury.  The  church  records 
say  "1683  m.  1;  d.  17;  died  old  Mother  Parmenter  a  blessed  saint." 

Thomas'  (William'),  b.  about  1630;  d.  1703;  m.  Hannah  Brewer 
of  Andover  [b.  about  1630;  d.  Oct.  25,  1717].  He  was  one  of  the  early 
settlers  in  Andover,  Mass.,  and  represented  that  town  in  the  General 
Court.  From  him  Hon.  William  Eaton""  Chandler,  U.  S.  Senator  from 
New  Hampshire,  is  a  descendant  (John^  John',  John°,  John^  John', 
Nathan^  Nathan  S.").  His  lineage  does  not  appear  in  the  published 
history  of  the  family,  but  was  discovered  later  and  preserved  by  the 
author  of  that  work. 

William'  (William'),  b.  about  1634;  d.  1698;  m.  (1)  1658,  Mary, 
dau.  of  Dr.  John  and  Eleanor  (Clark)  Dane  [b.  Ipswich,  Mass.,  1638; 
d.  Andover,  Mass.,  May  10,  1679] ;  (2)  Oct.,  1679,  Bridget,  dau.  of  Maj. 
Thomas  Henchman  of  Concord  and  Chelmsford  [b.  as  early  as  1631;  d. 
Mar.  6,  1731].  He  was  a  brickmaker  at  Andover,  and  afterward  an 
innkeeper  on  the  "Ipswich  road  to  Billerica." 

William'  (Thomas',  William'),  b.  May  28,  1659;  m.  Apr.,  1687, 
Eleanor  Phelps,  who  was  admitted  to  the  church  in  Westford,  Mass.,  in 
1728,  being  then  a  widow. 


Chandler  (William) 

William'  (WilIiam^  William'),  b.  Jan.  31,  1661;  d.  Oct.  27,  1727;  m. 
Sarah  Buckminster  of  Andover,  Mass.  [b.  about  1661;  d.  Oct.  19,  1735]. 
He  was  a  farmer  in  Andover.  From  him  Hon.  Zachariah'  Chandler, 
U.  S.  Senator  from  Michigan,  was  descended  (Zachariah\  Thomas^ 
Zachariah',  Samuel'). 

Joseph^  (William^  William'),  b.  1679;  d.  Apr.  23,  1734;  m.  Mehitable 
Russell.     Res.  at  Andover,  Mass. 

William'  (William^  Thomas^  William'),  b.  July  20,  1689;  d.  July 
27,  1756;  m.  Susanna  Burge  of  Westford,  Mass.  He  seems  to  have  been 
a  resident  at  Billerica  and  also  at  Chelmsford,  Mass.,  for  a  considerable 
time,  but  he  died  at  Westford,  Mass. 

JosiAH*  (William^  William%  William'),  b.  Dec.  28,  1683;  d.  Aug.  12, 
1752;  m.  Sarah  Ingals.     He  was  a  farmer  in  Andover,  Mass. 

1.  Mehitable*  (Joseph^,  William-,  William^),  b.  Andover, 

Mass.;   m.    (1)    Feb.    7,    1732,    Robert    Crosby   of   Townsend, 

Mass.;  (2)  Nov.  26,  1745,  Andrew  Spaulding  (1). 

Moses'  (William',  William',  Thomas=,  William'),  b.  Aug.  19,  1720; 
d.  Wilton,  Me.,  Mar.  16,  1800;  m.  (1)  June  28,  1742,  Dorothy  Marble 
[b.  Sept.  23,  1719;  d.  Apr.  11,  1760];  (2)  Mar.  19,  1762,  Elizabeth  Kendal 
of  Litchfield  [b.  May,  1725;  d.  Sept.  7,  1806].  He  was  a  blacksmith.  He 
served  in  the  French  War.  Removed  to  Winthrop,  Me.,  where  he  was 
a  member  of  the  Committee  of  Inspection  and  Safety. 

2.  JoHN^  (William*,  William^  Thomas',  William^),  b. 
Chelmsford,  Mass.,  Sept.  27,  1725;  d.  Jan.  10,  1812;  m.  Feb. 
14,  1754,  Lydia  Taylor  of  Townsend,  Mass.  He  was  one  of 
the  very  early  settlers  in  New  Ipswich,  and  he  agreed  to  build 
mills  there,  the  sawmill  to  be  in  operation  as  early  as  the  last 
of  October,  1750,  and  the  cornmill  within  the  following  year. 
In  consideration  of  this  agreement  he  received  a  full  town 
right  including  the  falls  near  the  present  High  Bridge,  he 
giving  bonds  for  £400  new  tenor,  amounting  in  value  to  about 
$140,  for  satisfactory  performance  of  the  contract.  The  mills 
were  built  and  kept  in  running  order  for  ten  years,  and  despite 
occasional  complaints  concerning  the  service,  it  may  be  be- 
lieved that  they  proved  as  efficient  as  could  reasonably  have 
been  expected  under  the  conditions  of  the  time  and  place.  In 
1768  he  sold  the  business  to  Capt.  Eleazer  Cummings  and  re- 
moved to  Winthrop,  Me.,  where  he  made  a  similar  contract. 
He  was  chairman  of  the  first  board  of  selectmen  in  his  new 
location,  as  also  in  later  years  town  treasurer  for  a  long  time, 
and  he  seems  to  have  been  a  leading  citizen.  He  was  father 
of  a  numerous  family,  three  children  being  added  to  the  nine 
borne  upon  the  New  Ipswich  records.     Children: 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

7.  i.       John,  b.   Nov.  27,    1754;   m.   June   10,    1783,   Hannah   Streeter 

[b.  Mar.  15,  1765;  d.  Jan.  11,  1854].  He  succeeded  to  his 
father's  mills  in  Winthrop,  Me.     Fifteen  children. 

8.  ii.       Noah,   b.   Apr.   25,    1756.     He  is   said  to  have   served   in  the 

Revolution,  to  have  been  taken  prisoner,  and  held  despite 
an  offer  from  his  father  to  give  a  negro  in  exchange,  an 
offered  ransom  the  value  of  which  may  perhaps  be  esti- 
mated by  his  later  sale  for  a  gun  and  a  watch. 

9.  iii.      Joel,  b.  Sept.  10,  1757;  d.  Apr.  11,  1794;  m.  Deborah  Jennings 

[b.  Sandwich,  Mass.,  Dec.  7,  1760;  d.  Feb.,  1848].  He  was 
a  farmer  at  Winthrop,  Me.     Six  children. 

10.  iv.      Lydia,  b.  July  4,  1759 ;  m.  Seth  Delano. 

11.  V.       Keziah,  b.  Apr.  17,  1761. 

12.  vi.      Molly,  b.  Mar.  9,  1763;  d.  Jan.  5,  1788;  m.  Sept.,  1780,  Dr. 

Moses  Wing  of  South  Wayne,  Me.,  and  also  of  Winthrop. 
Four  children. 

13.  vii.     Lucy,  b.  Mar.  7,  1765;  m.  Ebenezer  Wing  of  South  Wayne, 

Me.    Five  children. 

14.  viii.    Susanna,  b.  July  22,  1766;  d.  Jan.  7,  1771. 

15.  ix.      Hannah,  b.  Jan.  12,  1768;  m.  Sept.  20,  1786,  Daniel  Marrow, 

Jr.     Res.  in  Winthrop.     Nine  children. 

16.  x.       Rhoda,  b.  Aug.  21,  1769;  m.  Ichabod  Wing,  a  farmer  of  Read- 

field,  Me. 

17.  xi.      Susanna,  b.  Sept.  3,  1772. 

18.  xii.     David,  b.  Jan.  28,  1775.-|- 

3.  Rachel^  (William*,  William^,  Thomas^,  William^),  b. 
Apr.  2,  1732;  m.  Thomas  Spaulding  (5).  Removed  to  New 

4.  Lydi.\^  (William*,  William^  Thomas^,  William^),  b. 
Dec.  10,  1735 ;  m.  Dec.  22,  1757,  Jonah  Crosby  of  New  Ipswich. 

5.  Sarah^    (William*,    William^    Thomas^,    William:^),    b. 

IMar.  18,  1739;  m.  Benjamin^  Spaulding  (James*,  Andrew^). 

David'  (Josiah\  William^  William^  William'),  b.  Dec.  15,  1724;  d. 
Feb.  11,  1776;  m.  Aug.  30,  1750,  Mary,  dau.  of  Timothy  and  Hannah' 
(John',  John',  Thomas',  William*)  (Chandler)  Bullard  of  Andover.  He 
was  lieutenant  in  command  of  a  Provincial  company  at  Cambridge,  when 
he  contracted  smallpox,  which  caused  his  death. 

6.  Dorothy^  (Moses^  William*,  William^  Thomas^  Wil- 
liam^), b.  July  4,  1752;  m.  Bunker  Clark  of  New  Ipswich. 

Daniel"  (David',  Josiah\  William',  William\  William'),  b.  July  9, 
1754;  m.  Joanna  Stevens.  He  served  in  the  Revolutionary  War,  and  was 
afterward  a  farmer  in  Milford,  whence  he  removed  to  Putney,  Vt. 

Daniel'  (Daniel",  David',  Josiah\  William',  William',  William'),  b. 
Mar.  4,  1777;  d.  Mar.  25,  1845;  m.  Sally,  dau.  of  Dea.  Solomon  Danforth 
of  Merrimac  [b.  Mar.  20,  1784;  d.  Mar.  26,  I860].  He  lived  in  Merrimac, 
where  he  kept  a  tavern  for  a  time. 


Chandler  (William) 

19.  Sewell  Osgood^  (DanieF,  Daniel®,  David^,  Josiah*, 
William^  William^,  William^),  b.  Sept.  11,  1805;  d.  Aug.  24, 
1877;  m.  (1)  Aug.  2,  1832,  Rebecca  Chickering  (7);  (2)  Apr. 
29,  1861,  Mary  P.  Jefts  (4),  widow  of  Jacob  Blodgett.  He 
came  to  New  Ipswich  soon  after  the  death  of  his  father-in-law, 
Abner  Chickering,  and  settled  upon  his  farm,  remaining  there 
fifteen  years  or  more,  and  then  two  or  three  years  later  re- 
moving to  Iowa.    He  was  selectman  for  several  years.    Child : 

20.  i.  James  Osgood,  b.  Nov.  4,  1836;  m.  Aug.  24,  1864,  Inez  M., 
dau.  of  Morrill  and  Mary  E.  (Wright)  Young  of  Man- 
chester. He  is  a  printer.  He  served  in  the  Civil  War, 
first  in  the  2d  New  Hampshire  Regiment,  from  which  he 
was  discharged  in  1863  on  account  of  disability,  and  second 
in  1864  as  captain  of  a  company  of  the  1st  Heavy  Artillery 
which  he  had  recruited.    Child :    i.  Grace,  b.  1865. 


Edward*  Chapman,  d.  Apr.  18,  1678;  m.  (1)  at  Rowley,  Mass.,  Mar., 
1642,  Mary,  dau.  of  Mark  and  Joanna  Symonds  of  Ipswich,  Mass.  [d. 
June  10,  1658]  ;  (2)  Dorothy,  dau.  of  Richard  Swan,  and  widow  of 
Thomas  Abbot  [m.  (2)  Archelaus  Woodman  of  Newbury].  He  came 
from  Yorkshire,  England,  to  Boston  about  1639;  res.  for  a  time  in  Rowley, 
and  then  made  his  home  in  Ipswich,  Mass.,  of  which  he  was  one  of  the 

SiMON^  (Edward'),  b.  Rowley,  1643;  d.  Ipswich,  Aug.  25,  1735;  m. 
Mar.  21,  1666,  Mary,  dau.  of  John  and  Mary  Brewer  of  Ipswich.  Res. 
in  Ipswich,  where  he  was  a  carpenter. 

Edward'  (Simon^  Edward*),  b.  May  11,  1669;  m.  Mary [d.  1740 

or  later]. 

Daniel*  (Edward^  Simon^  Edward*),  d.  1745  or  later;  m.  1733,  Mary 
(or  Mercy)  Jewett.     He  was  a  weaver  at  Boxford,  Mass. 

Daniel^  (Daniel*,  Edward',  Simon^  Edward*),  b.  Boxford,  Mass., 
1740;  m.  about  1760,  Hephzibah  Howe  of  Ipswich,  Mass.  [d.  July  6,  1799]. 

Dudley"  (Daniel',  Daniel*,  Edward',  Simon',  Edward*),  b.  May  19, 
1765;  d.  Oct.  17,  1832;  m.  Nov.  15,  1790,  Elizabeth  Wheaton  [b.  about 
1760;  d.  Nov.  29,  1826].  Res.  in  Londonderry,  whence  he  removed  in 
1788  to  Peterboro. 

Daniel'  (Dudley',  Danier,  Daniel*,  Edward',  Simon',  Edward*),  b. 
May  8,  1794;  d.  Nov.  11,  1832;  m.  Mar.  11,  1824,  Peggy,  dau.  of  William 
Cowing  [b.  1797;  d.  May  22,  1867]. 

1.  Gates^  (Dudley®,  DanieF,  Daniel*,  Edward^,  Simon-, 
Edward^),  b.  Feb.  8,  1798;  d.  Mar.  23,  1873;  m.  at  Meredith, 
Apr.  24,  1824,  Mary,  dau.  of  Benjamin  and  Mary  (Mash) 
Burnham  [b.  June  16,  1807;  d.  Jan.  14,  1889].  He  came  to 
New  Ipswich  in  early  manhood,  and  passed  his  life  as  a  ma- 
chinist in  Bank  Village,  where  he  died.    Children : 


















History  of  New  Ipswich 

3.  i.        Gates,  b.  at  Meredith,  Apr.  27,  1825.+ 

4.  ii.  Mary  Elizabeth,  b.  New  Ipswich,  Oct.  11,  1827;  m.  Jan.  21, 
1851,  Augustus  Charles,  son  of  Joshua  and  Harriet  C. 
Kenrick  [b.  Haverhill,  Mass.,  Feb.  16,  1826;  d.  Mar.  29, 
1890].  He  was  a  painter.  Child:  i.  Charles  Adelbert 
Kenrick,  b.  Dec.  27,  1852;  d.  Oct.  11,  1858. 

Harriet  A.,  b.  June  5,  1829;  d.  May  19,  1837. 

Hannah  Maria,  b.  Apr.   11,  1831;  m.  July  15,  1851,  Charles 

B.  Preston  (56). 
George  Augustus,  b.  Aug.  18,  1834.+ 
Charles  H.,  b.  Jan.  1,  1837. + 
James  Wheaton,  b.  June  17,  1839.-|- 
Edward  W.,  b.  May  3,  1845.+ 
Edwin  W.,  b.  May  3,  1845.+ 
Albert   H.,   b.    Sept.  27,    1849;    m.    Dec.  25,    1872,   Janette   H. 

Houghton.     A  machinist  at  West  Upton,  Mass. 

2.  William  Wallace^  (DanieP,  Dudley",  Daniel^,  Daniel*, 
Edward^,  Simon^  Edward^),  b.  Apr.,  1827;  d.  June,  1881;  m. 
Sept.  21,  1856,  Lydia  A.  Hannaford.  For  several  years  before 
and  after  their  marriage  they  were  in  the  employ  of  Samuel 
Holden  on  the  eastern  side  of  Whittemore  Hill,  but  in  1863 
they  removed  to  Ashburnham,  Mass.     Children : 

13.  i.  Charles  H. 

14.  ii.  Fred  W.+ 

15.  iii.  Kate  M. 

16.  iv.  Nellie  M. 

17.  V.  Jessie  D. 

18.  vi.  Hattie  F. 

3.  Gates^  (Gates^,  Dudley*',  DanieP,  Daniel*,  Edward^, 
Simon^,  Edward^,  b.  Apr.  27,  1825;  m.  (1)  May  13,  1846, 
Elvira  Jefts  (11);  (2)  Sept.  9,  1847,  Ann  Sophia,  dau.  of 
Thomas  and  Mary  Adams  [b.  Wilton,  Aug.  21,  1829;  d.  Sept. 
7,  1871]  ;  (3)  Sarah  Helen,  dau.  of  Levi  and  Abby  S.  Talbot 
[b.  Gardiner,  Me.,  Jan.  25,  1838].    Children: 

19.  i.        Augusta  Elvira,  b.  Apr.  9,  1847;  d.  June  17,  1858. 

20.  ii.       Mary    Ann,    b.    Aug.    21,    1848;    m.    Sept.    26,    1866,    Edward 

Wallace,  son  of  Edward  and  Fanny  Merrick  [b.  Hubbards- 
ton,  Mass.,  May  22,  1843].  Res.  Holden,  Mass.,  where  he 
is  a  bookkeeper,  also  deputy  sheriff.  Child :  i.  Lula  Frances 
Merrick,  b.  July  24,  1867 ;  m.  Apr.  2,  1890,  John  Goldthwaite. 

21.  iii.      Harriet  Arabella,  b.   Shirley,   Mass.,  Apr.  25,   1851;   d.  July 

1,  1852. 

22.  iv.      Thomas   Gates,   b.    Millbury,   Mass.,   Dec.    16,    1856;    d.    Nov. 

5,  1884;  m.  June  21,  1874,  Eliza  J.,  dau.  of  Charles  and  Mary 
A.  Howard  [b.  Sept.  15,  1857].  Child:  i.  Ernest  Gates,  b. 
Mar.  4,  1876;  d.  Mar.  7,  1876. 



23.  V.       Charles  Sumner,  b.  Millbury,  Mass.,  Sept.  23,  1860;  m.  July 

16,  1882,  Bertha  B.,  dau.  of  H.  P.  and  Margaret  B.  Whitte- 
more  [b.  West  Boylston,  Mass.,  Feb.  27,  1863].  Res.  Wor- 
cester, Mass.,  where  he  is  a  machinist. 

24.  vi.      Ida  May,  b.  Holden,  Mass.,  Feb.  9,  1862;  d.  Dec.  31,  1865. 

25.  vii.     Alfred  Ellis,  b.   Holden,  Mass.,   May   16,   1864;   d.   Sept.   16 


26.  viii.   LiLLA  Sophia,  b.  Holden,  Mass.,  Sept.  12,  1867;  d.  Sept.  12, 


27.  ix.      William   H.   Harrison,  b.   Holden,   Mass.,  Oct.  29,   1873;   d. 

Nov.  2,  1884. 

28.  X.       Benjamin  Franklin,  b.  Holden,  Mass.,  Aug.  27,  1875. 

7.  George  Augustus^  (Gates'',  Dudley^,  Daniel^,  Daniel*, 
Edward^  Simon^,  Edward^,  b.  Aug.  18,  1834;  m.  (1)  Apr.  23, 
1856,  Lucrita  A.  S.  Pheteplace  [b.  Sutton,  Mass.,  Aug-.  30, 
1835 ;  d.  Feb.  9,  1882]  ;  (2)  Apr.  14,  1883,  Nettie  M.  Pheteplace 
[b.  Bellows  Falls,  Vt.,  Nov.  16,  1840].    Children : 

29.  i.        Nellie  L.  F.,  b.  Millbury,  Mass.,  Oct.   10,  1857;  d.  Winchen- 

don,  Mass.,  Sept.  22,  1868. 

30.  ii.       Sylvia   Florence,  b.   Winchendon,   Mass.,   Aug.  24,   1859;   m. 

Sept.  16,  1879,  Arthur  D.  Davis  [b.  Pawtucket,  R.  I.,  Jan. 
23,  1858].  Children:  i.  Harry  Garfield  Dazis.  b.  May  12, 
1881.  ii.  Arthur  Frederick  Davis,  b.  Dec.  3,  1883.  iii. 
Clarence  Eugene  Davis,  b.  Sept.  23,  1885. 

31.  iii.      Edward  Harry,  b.  Millbury,  Mass.,  Mar.  9,  1869;  m.  Dec.  31, 

1889,  Delia  St.  Armand  [b.  St.  Rosalie.  P.  Q.,  Dec.  11,  1870]. 
Child :     i.  Harry  Edison,  b.  Dec.  27,  1892. 

8.  Charles  H.^  (Gates^,  Dudley'',  DanieP,  Daniel^  Ed- 
ward^  Simon^,  Edward^),  b.  Jan.  1,  1837;  m.  July  24,  1858, 
Mary,  dau.  of  John  and  Mary  B.  Crowe  [b.  Bellia,  Ireland, 
Dec.  3,  1835].  A  mechanic  in  East  Jaffrey.  He  served  in  the 
10th  New  Hampshire  Regiment  during  the  Ciyil  War.  Chil- 

Z2.  i.  Edward  H.,  b.  Nov.  6,  1859;  m.  Margaret,  dau.  of  James  and 
Bridget  Mitchell  [b.  Winchendon,  Mass.,  July  10,  1861]. 
A  coachman  at  East  Jaffrey.  Children :  i.  Frederick  H., 
b.  Aug.  27,  1882.     ii.  Sidney  £..  b.  Nov.  28,  1883. 

33.  ii.  Mary  Loretta,  b.  Dec.  7,  1865;  m.  Dec.  26,  1885,  Peter  E., 
son  of  William  and  Bridget  S.  Hogan  of  East  Cambridge, 
Mass.    He  is  a  butcher. 

9.  James  Wheaton^  (Gates^  Dudley^  DanieF,  Daniel^ 
Edward^  Simon^,  Edward^),  b.  June  17,  1839;  m.  (1)  Aug.  28, 
1860,  Harriet  M.,  dau.  of  Peter  and  Susan  (Russell)  Tufts 
[b.  June  20,  1839;  d.  Dec.  13,  1869]  ;  (2)  Hornellsville,  N.  Y., 
Nov.    17,    1875,   Carrie   E.,  dau.  of  Harvey  and  Caroline   D. 



History  of  New  Ipswich 

Cooper  [b.  Feb.  24,  1850].    A  salesman  and  railroad  engineer. 
Children : 

34.  i.        Ada  Florence,  b.  Dunkirk,  N.  Y.,  Aug.   16,  1864;  m.  Oct.  8, 

1893,  Burt  J.  Blackmer.     Res.  Buffalo,  N.  Y. 

35.  ii.       Percy  W.,  b.  Aug.  11,  1866;  d.  Sept.  27,  1869. 

10.  Edward  W.^  (Gates^  Dudley®,  DanieP,  Daniel*.  Ed- 
ward^  Simon^,  Edward^),  b.  May  3,  1845;  m.  Aug.  27,  1870, 
Sarah  G.,  dau.  of  George  W.  and  Lovina  S.  Jones  [b.  Rindge, 
Apr.  7,  1851].    Res.  West  Townsend,  Mass.  'Child  : 

36.  i.        Perley  Gates,  b.  Apr.  28.  1872;  d.  Oct.  8,  1872. 

11.  Edwin  W.^  (Gates%  Dudley®,  DanieP,  Daniel*,  Ed- 
ward^  Simon^,  Edward^),  b.  May  3,  1845;  m.  Dec.  1,  1866, 
Melvina,  dau.  of  Ansel  and  Octavia  (Burrell)  Baxter  [b.  Nov. 
14,  1842].     A  farmer  at  South  Ashburnham,  Mass.     Children: 

Z7.  i.        Lillian  I.,  b.  Nov.  2,  1876. 

38.  ii.       Mary  L,  b.  Mar.  30,  1879. 

14.  Fred  W.^  (William  Wallace^,  DanieP,  Dudley®,  Dan- 
ieP, DanieP,  Edward^,  Simon^,  Edward^),  m.  Bertha  Wheeler 
(193).    Children: 

39.  i.        Zettie  Ginevra,  b.  Jan.  31,   1881;   m.   1900,  Orrin  W.  Eaton. 

Children :  i.  Howard  Eaton,  b.  Feb.  24,  1901 ;  d.  Feb.  27, 
1901.     ii.  Zettie  Katherine  Eaton,  b.  May  20,   1908. 

40.  ii.       George  Wallace,  b.  Mar.  16,  1884;  m.  Anna  Woodward.     A 

farmer  and  woodturner.  Res.  below  Walker's  several  years, 
since  1892  at  Hodgkins  corner.  Children :  i.  Child  b.  and 
d.  May  IS,  1907.  ii.  Fred  Augustus,  b.  Nov.  8,  1908.  iii. 
Mary  Elizabeth,  b.  Feb.  19,  1910;  d.  Apr.  8,  1910. 

41.  iii.     Leda  Hannaford,  b.  Oct.  27,  1890;  m.  July  21,  1906,  Clarence 

Blake.    Child :  i.  Elisabeth  Eliza  Blake,  b.  Feb.  16,  1908. 


Nathaniel*  Chickering,  b.  Oct.  8,  1647,  prob.  at  Wrentham,  Eng- 
land; d.  Dedham,  Mass.,  Oct.  21,  1694;  m.  (1)  Dec.  30,  1668,  Mary,  dau. 
of  Samuel  and  Mary  Judson  [b.  1647]  ;  (2)  Dec.  23,  1674,  Lydia,  dau.  of 
Capt.  Daniel  and  Abigail  (Marriott)  Fisher  of  Dedham,  Mass.  [b.  July 
14,  1652;  d.  July  17,  1737].  She  had  previously  lived  in  Hadley,  Mass., 
and  there  had  a  part  in  the  care  of  the  concealed  regicides,  Goffe  and 
Whalley.  His  name  appears  on  the  Dedham  tax-list  as  early  as  1669. 
In  1694  he  settled  in  that  part  of  Dedham  which  is  now  Dover,  where  he 
owned  1000  acres  of  land.  The  site  of  his  home  on  that  land  has  re- 
mained in  the  possession  of  his  descendants  to  the  present  time. 

Nathaniel'  (Nathaniel'),  b.  Mar.  28,  1677;  d.  Jan.  16,  1746/7;  m. 
(1)  Aug.  24,  1700,  Mary,  dau.  of  James  and  Hannah  Sharp  [b.  Jan.  23, 
1677;  d.  Sept.  1,  1715];   (2)  July  26,  1716,  Deborah,  dau.  of  Joseph  and 



Deborah    (Colburn)    Wight   [b.  July  25,   1684].     He  was  one  of  the  se- 
lectmen of  Dedham  and  also  a  deacon. 

John'  (NathanieP,  Nathaniel'),  b.  Aug.  23,  1715;  m.  (1)  Mary  Dew- 
ing; (2)  Jan.  9,  1766,  Mrs.  Elizabeth  Gay  of  Dedham.  He  responded  to 
the  Lexington  alarm. 

1.  Abner*  (John^  Nathaniel,  Nathaniel^,  b.  Holden. 
Mass.,  Oct.  5,  1766;  d.  July  25,  1841;  m.  (1)  Apr.  19,  1792, 
Eunice,  dan.  of  Dea.  Amos  and  Thankful  (Minot)  Dakin  of 
Mason  [b.  about  1777;  d.  May  7,  1804];  (2)  May  9,  1805, 
Lydia  Stratton  (S.  4),  widow  of  Caleb  Campbell  (2).  He  set- 
tled in  Mason  soon  after  reaching  his  majority  and  was  a 
blacksmith  in  that  town  until  about  1805,  when  he  removed 
to  New  Ipswich,  and  passed  his  remaining  years  on  the 
"Knowlton  place,"  (22,  N.  D.,)  where  he  was  a  farmer,  al- 
though not  entirely  forsaking  his  former  trade.  His  home 
was  in  the  house  now  standing  upon  the  east  side  of  the  brook. 
Children : 

2.  i.  Mary,  m.  Sept.  26,   1816,  Josiah  G.  Heald. 

3.  ii.  Samuel,  b.  Feb.  18,  l796.-f 

4.  iii.  Jonas,  b.  1798.+ 

5.  iv.  Melinda,  m.  Vent. 

6.  V.  Eliza,  m.  Dec.  19,  1822,  Ariel  Godding  (2). 

7.  vi.  Rebecca,  b.  Sept.  3,  1803;  d.  Sept.  28,  1850;  m.  Aug.  2,  1832, 

Sewell  O.   Chandler    (W.   19). 

8.  vii.     Charles,  b.  about  1807.-|- 

3.  Samuel^  (Abner*.  John^  Nathaniel',  NathanieP),  b. 
Feb.  18,  1796;  d.  May  18,  1836;  m.  Dec.  31,  1821,  Julia  Boutelle 
of  Lancaster,  Mass.  [d.  Aug.  9,  1866].  He  was  a  farmer  and 
stonemason  living  upon  the  same  lot  as  his  father,  in  the  house 
upon  the  west  side  of  the  brook.     Children : 

9.  i.        Eliza  Ann,  b.  1823;  d.  1862;  m.  Feb.  4,  1853,  Abraham  Cram 

of  Pittsfield. 
Charles,  b.  Nov.  5,  1825. -f- 
JosiAH  Boutelle,  b.  Aug.  10,  1827.+ 
George,  b.  July  4,  1829.+ 
JuLiA  Maria,  b.  Aug.   10,   1831 ;  m.  May   17,   1855,  Archelaus 

C.    Dakin,    a   machinist    at    Clinton,    Mass.     One    daughter, 

d.  in  infancy. 
Abbie  Boutelle,  b.  Dec.  10,  1833;  d.  Apr.  26,  1854,  unm. 
Harriet  Atwood,  b.  July  28,  1835;  m.  Sept.  1,  1860,  George  M. 

Sawyer,  a  jeweler  at  Clinton,  Mass.     Two  sons,  both  dead. 
16.  viii.   Ellen  Frances,  b.  June  23,  1836;  d.  Apr.  25,  1856,  unm. 

4.  JoNAS^  (Abner*,  John^,  Nathaniel,  Nathaniel),  b.  1798; 
d.  Dec.  8,  1853;  m.  Eliza  Harrington.  He  learned  the  trade 
of  a  cabinet-maker  in  his  early  years,  and  in  early  manhood 














History  of  New  Ipswich 

entered  the  employ  of  a  piano  manufacturer  of  Boston.  At 
a  very  early  age  he  had  shown  a  natural  musical  ability,  and 
in  a  small  way  had  applied  his  mechanical  skill  to  musical 
instruments.  This  natural  inclination  was  farther  developed 
by  his  city  occupation,  and  at  the  age  of  twenty-eight  he  was 
conducting  his  own  business  as  a  manufacturer  and  had  en- 
tered upon  the  process  of  development  and  improvement 
which  gave  the  "Chickering  Piano"  its  eminent  position.  The 
union  in  his  character  of  the  mechanic,  the  artist,  and  the 
merchant  is  indicated  by  his  having  been  president  of  the 
Handel  and  Haydn  Musical  Society  and  the  Massachusetts 
Mechanic  Association.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Massachu- 
setts Legislature.  His  three  sons  were  associated  with  him 
as  "Chickering  &  Sons."    Children  : 

17.  i.  Thomas  E.,  b.  1824;  d.  1871. 

18.  ii.  C  Frank,  b.  1827;  d.  1891. 

19.  iii.  George  H.,  b.  1830;  d.  1898. 

20.  iv.  Anna,  b.  1830;  d.  1898;  m.  Wilcox. 

8.  Charles^  (Abner*,  John^,  NathanieP,  Nathaniel^),  b. 
about  1807;  d.  Aug.,  1863;  m.  Mar.,  1831,  Julia  Ann  Obear  (6). 
Soon  after  his  marriage  he  removed  to  Pittsfield,  where  he 
v/as  a  merchant,  and  also  served  as  deputy  sheriff.  His  chil- 
dren were  born  in  that  town.  Later  he  returned  to  New 
Ipswich,  where  he  remained  for  nearly  twenty  years,  at  first 
upon  the  family  farm  and  later  in  the  Center  Village.  He 
was  postmaster  for  several  years.  During  a  few  of  his  last 
years  he  kept  a  hotel  at  Groton  Junction,  (now  Ayer,)  Mass., 
where  he  died.     Children  : 

21.  i.        Abby  Jane,  b.  1832;  d.  1907;  m,  Oct.  10,  1855,  Henry  Eddy, 

an   overseer   in   the   carpet  works   at   Clinton,   Mass.     Two 

22.  ii.      Julia  Ann,  b.  Dec.  8,  1834;  m.  Nov.  3,  1853,  George  N.  Lowe 

23.  iii.     Charles  Abner,  b.  and  d.  1836. 

24.  iv.      Charles  Abner,  b.  1838;  d.  1895;  m.  Jeannette  Gordon.     Res. 

Lancaster,    Mass.      Children :      i.    Edith.      ii.    Louise,      iii. 
Arthur,     iv.  Benson,    v.  Horace. 

10.  Charles^  (SamueP,  Abner*,  John^  NathanieP,  Nathan- 
iel), b.  Nov.  5,  1825;  d.  Sept.  18,  1903;  m.  Denmark,  Iowa, 
Nov.  24,  1859,  Hattie  Kenny.  In  1857  he  removed  to  Iowa, 
which  was  his  home  for  the  rest  of  his  life.  He  lived  at 
Denmark,  near  Red  Oak,  and  at  Elliott.  His  principal  busi- 
ness was  that  of  a  farmer.  He  served  in  the  Civil  War,  being 
a  member  of  the  First  Iowa  Cavalry.    One  child. 



11.  JosiAH  BouTELLE«  (SamucP,  Abner*,  John^,  Nathaniel^, 
NathanieP),  b.  Aug.  10,  1827;  d.  Dec.  5,  1881;  m.  Sarah 
Brown.  He  removed  to  Cincinnati,  O.,  where  he  established 
and  maintained  for  many  years  "Chickering  Academy,"  after- 
ward "Chickering  Institute,"  a  highly  successful  boys'  school. 

25.  i.        Addie  Linwood,  b.  1858;  m.  Nelville  Hoff,  dean  of  the  Dental 

College  of  the  University  of  Michigan. 

26.  ii.       Clifford    Cummings,    b.    Aug.    17,    1862.     A   member   of   the 

firm  of  Chickering  Bros.,  dealers  in  pianos,  Chicago,  111. 

27.  iii.      Fred   Wiloby,   b.    Mar.    1,    1864.     A   member  of   the   firm   of 

Chickering  Bros.,  as  above. 

28.  iv.      Howard  Everett,  b.  July  11,  1871.     A  business  man  of  Cleve- 

land, O. 

29.  v.       Wallace  W.,  b.  Jan.  20,  1874.     Also  of  Chickering  Bros.,  as 


12.  George^  (Samuel^  Abner*,  John^  Nathanlel^  Nathan- 
iel), b.  July  4,  1829;  d.  Feb.  20,  1905;  m.  Oct.  10,  1852,  Mary 
Abigail,  dau.  of  Jacob  and  Mary  P.  (4)  (Jefts)  Blodgett.  He 
was  a  farmer  at  Denmark,  Iowa.    Children : 

30.  i.        Frank  How^ard,  b.  Jan.  20,  1854.     A  music  dealer  at  Omaha, 


31.  ii.       Henrietta,    b.    1858;    m.    Edward    Burton.      Res.    Cof?eeviIle, 


32.  iii.      Mary  Ellen,  b.   about   1862;  m.  Edward  Murphy,  a   farmer 

at  Burlington,  Iowa. 

33.  iv.      Ernest  Dakin,  b.  Apr.,  1871 ;  unm.    A  farmer  at  Elliott,  Iowa. 

CLARK  (Ebenezer). 

Ebenezer^  Clark,  m.  Allen.     Res.  in  Braintree,  Mass. 

1.  Ebenezer^  (Ebenezer^),  b.  Braintree,  Mass.,  1754;  d. 
Nov.  24,  1835 ;  m.  1778,  Ruth,  dau.  of  William.  Wilde  [b.  about 
1759;  d.  Feb.  4,  1840].  His  home  was  in  his  native  town  until 
1804,  when  he  removed  to  Bedford,  Mass.,  and  thence,  eight 
years  later,  to  Townsend,  Mass.,  where  he  resided  during  most 
of  his  remaining  life.  His  last  two  or  three  years  were  passed 
in  New  Ipswich,  whither  his  second  son,  Benjamin  A.,  had 
come  several  years  earlier.  He  rendered  worthy  service  in 
the  Revolutionary  War,  at  first  as  a  private  in  the  company 
of  Capt.  Jacob  Gould  and  regiment  of  Col.  John  Greaton,  and 
later  as  a  sergeant  in  Washington's  Life  Guard.  He  was  at 
Bunker  Hill,  served  during  the  siege  of  Boston,  and  had  a  part 
at  Princeton  and  Trenton  and  the  famous  crossing  of  the  Dela- 
ware.   Children  : 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

2.  i.        Ebenezer.  b.   1781;  m.  Mary  Sampson.     He  had  eleven  chil- 

dren, from  whom  the  branch  of  the  family  in  Townsend, 
Mass.,  has  descended. 

3.  ii.       Ruth,  b.  1783;  d.  Aug.  13,  1849;  m.  (1)  Elias  Poole  of  Brain- 

tree,  Mass.  Children:  i.  Ruth  Poole,  ii.  Mary  Ann  Poole; 
m.   (2)   Castalio  Hosmer  (24). 

4.  iii.      Mary,  b.  1786;  d.  Jan.  10,  1883;  m.  Stephen  Corbin  [b.  about 

1782;  d.  Greenville,  Jan.  22,  1855].  Res.  in  New  Ipswich 
several  years.  Children:  i.  Stephen  Corbin,  h.  about  1806; 
d.   Apr.   22,    1862.     ii.   Salome   Corbin,  b.  Jan.  26,   1808;   d. 

Oct.  5,   1897;   m.    (1)    John  Tolman;    (2)   Wood.     iii. 

Sarah  Corbin.  iv.  Ruth  Corbin,  m.  June  30,  1832,  Reuben 
Bacon,  Jr.  v.  William  W.  Corbin,  b.  about  1820;  d.  May  2, 

5.  iv.      Abigail,    b.    1788;    m.    Jonathan    Bacon    of    Bedford,    Mass. 

Seven  children. 

6.  V.       Sarah,   b.    1790;   m.   Reuben   Bacon   of   Bedford,   Mass.      Six 


7.  vi.      Benjamin  Acer,  b.  l792.-\- 

8.  vii.     James,  b.    1794;   d.   Stoneham,  Mass.;   m.   Hannah   Hodgman. 

Four  children. 

7.  Benjamin  Ager^  (Ebenezer^,  Ebenezer^),  b.  1792;  d. 
Nov.  12,  1870;  m.  1812,  Martha  Hosmer  (25).  He  came  from 
Townsend,  Mass.,  to  New  Ipswich  about  1825,  and  lived  for 
a  few  years  on  the  Benjamin  Hoar  farm,  (V:  2,  S.  R.,)  being 
occupied  as  a  teamster  to  and  from  Boston,  but  later  he  bought 
the  Benjamin  Adams  Farm,  (25,  N.  D.,)  and  resided  there 
until  his  death.    Children  : 

9.  i.        Elvira,  b.  about  1812;  d.  Sterling,  1840;  m.  Jan.,  1832,  Samuel 

Porter.     Children :     i.  Fred  Porter,     ii.  Henry  Porter. 

10.  ii.       John,  b.   1814;  m.  Jan.   1,  1843,  Sally  Bond,  dau.  of  Christo- 

pher P.  (22)  and  Nancy  (Thompson)  Hosmer.  Res.  in 

11.  iii.      Leander,  b.  1816.-(- 

12.  iv.      Reuben  B.,  b.  1818.+ 

13.  V.       Mary,  b.  1820;  m.  Castalio  Hosmer,  Jr.   (43). 

14.  vi.      Benjamin  Franklin,  b.  July  4,  1822.-|- 

15.  vii.     George,  b.  July,  1824 ;  d.  Oct.  25,  1825. 

16.  viii.   Maria  A.,  b.   Mar.  26,   1827;   d.   Sept.,   1910;   m.  Aug.,   1849, 

Charles  H.  King  (5). 

17.  ix.      A  son,  b.  Mar.  11,  1829;  d.  Mar.  27,  1829. 

11.  Leander*  (Benjamin  A.^  Ebenezer^  Ebenezer^),  b. 
1816;  d.  Washington,  D.  C. ;  m.  Laura  Hosmer  (42).  He  was 
a  man  of  literary  tastes,  and  a  small  volume  of  his  poems  was 
published.     Children : 

18.  i.        Alice,  d.  Washington,  D.  C. ;  m.  Dr.  Wm.  Green.     One  son, 

19.  ii.       Frances,  m.  Brown. 


Clark  (Ebenezer) 

20.  iii.     Mary. 

21.  iv.      Child,  whose  name  is  not  known. 

22.  V.       Child,  whose  name  is  not  known. 

12.  Reuben  B.'^  (Benjamin  A.^,  Ebenezer^,  Ebenezer^),  b. 
1818;  d.  Sept.  8,  1894;  m.  (1)  Dec.  26,  1848,  Margaret  E. 
Thomas;  (2)  Oct.  2,  1879,  Louisa  Densmore.  He  resided  in 
Washing-ton,  D.  C,  where  he  is  said  to  have  accumulated  a 
large  property.     Children : 

23.  i.        Ida,  (of  first  marriage,)  m.  Wm.  C.  Wood.    Two  sons. 

24.  ii.       Reuben  B.,   (of  second  marriage). 

14.  Benjamin  Franklin*  (Benjamin  A.^  Ebenezer^,  Eben- 
ezer^),  b.  July  4,  1822;  d.  Minneapolis,  Minn.,  1893;  m.  Irene 
Webber.  He  removed  to  Washington,  D.  C,  in  early  man- 
hood and  there  resided  nearly  forty  years.  The  closing  years 
of  his  life  were  passed  in  Minneapolis,  Minn.     Children: 

25.  i.        Ernest  Franklin,  m.   Belle  Doe.     He  has  been  a  dentist  in 

Minneapolis  since  1880.  Children :  i.  Harry  Oscar,  m. 
Gertrude  Williams.  One  son.  ii.  Ernestine,  m.  Maurice 
Bardwell.     iii.  Marion,  m.  Charles  P.  Taylor.     One  son. 

26.  ii.       Harry   Webber,    d.    Oct.    11,    1911;    m.   Lilla   Phillbrook.     He 

was  also  a  dentist  in  Minneapolis.  Children  :  i.  Phillbrook 
Wilson,     ii.  Eleanor  Bacon. 

CLARK  (Hugh). 

Hugh'  Clark,  b.  about  1613;  d.  July  30,  1693;  m.  Elizabeth  [d. 

Dec.  11,  1692].  He  was  at  Watertown  in  1641,  and  removed  to  Roxbury 
in  1660. 

Uriah=  (Hugh'),  b.  June  5,  1644;  d.  July  26,  1721;  m.  (1)  Oct.,  1674, 
Joanna,  dau.  of  Thomas  Holbrook  of  Braintree   [b.  about  1657;  d.  Feb. 

28,  1682];   (2)   1682,  Mary  ;   (3)  Martha.     He  lived  at  Roxbury  until 

he  was  nearly  fifty  years  old,  when  he  removed  to  that  part  of  Water- 
town  which  is  now  Belmont.     He  was  a  selectman  of  Watertown. 

Peter'  (Uriah^  Hugh'),  b.  Mar.  12,  1693;  d.  June  10,  1768;  m.  Nov. 
6,  1719,  Deborah,  dau.  of  Dea.  Peter  Hobart  of  Braintree  [b.  about  1702 ; 
d.  Feb.  28,  1765].  He  graduated  from  Harvard  College  in  1712  and  in 
1717  became  pastor  of  the  church  in  Danvers,  (then  Salem  Village,) 
where  in  a  pastorate  of  fifty-one  years  he  was  noted  as  a  theologian. 

Peter^  (Peter',  Uriah=,  Hugh'),  b.  Oct.  1,  1720;  d.  Nov.  13,  1747; 
m.  Oct.  22,  1741,  Anna  Porter  of  Danvers.  He  graduated  from  Harvard 
College  in  1739,  but  declined  his  father's  profession  and  settled  upon  the 
farm  of  his  grandfather  Hobart  in  Braintree.  His  widow  m.  Sept.  14, 
1752,  Thomas  Faxon  of  Braintree. 

Peter^  (PeterS  Peter',  Uriah^  Hugh'),  b.  Feb.  4,  1743;  d.  Oct.  14, 
1826;  m.  Oct.  20,  1763,  Hannah,  dau.  of  Daniel  and  Hannah  (Prescott) 
Eppes  of  Braintree  [b.  about  1744;  d.  Dec.  21,  1814].  He  removed  from 
Braintree  to  Lyndeboro,  N.  H.,  in  1775,  and  in  1777  received  a  captain's 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

commission  in  the  Provincial  service.  He  held  most  of  the  important 
town  offices  in  after  life,  was  a  justice  of  the  peace  and  a  deacon  for 
many  years. 

1.  John*'  (Peter^  Peter*,  Peter^,  Uriah^,  Hugh^),  b.  Jan.  4, 
1785;  d.  Mar.  19,  1855;  m.  (1)  Nov.  18,  1806,  Margaret  Rand 
of  Lyndeboro  [d.  Aug.  31,  1846]  ;  (2)  Dec.  9,  1847,  Nancy 
Patterson  of  Greenfield.  He  came  to  New  Ipswich  in  1814, 
and  was  an  overseer  in  the  Davis  mills  at  the  waterpower 
afterward  utilized  by  the  Walker  industries.  Later  he  was 
for  several  years  upon  the  "Gould  farm,"  (43,  N.  D.)  He  was 
also  for  a  time  superintendent  in  the  factory  of  Eleazer  Brown. 
The  later  years  of  his  life  were  variously  occupied  in  the 
Center  Village,  his  home  being  the  house  upon  the  north  side 
of  the  street  midway  between  the  Baptist  church  and  the 
street  crossing  at  the  foot  of  Meeting-house  Hill,  afterward 
the  residence  of  his  son,  Peter  H.,  who  replaced  it  with  a  new 
building,  since  the  residence  of  his  daughter,  granddaughter 
and  great-granddaughter.  He  was  town  clerk  ten  years,  a 
deacon  thirty-five  years,  and  also  for  a  long  time  leader  of  the 
Congregational  choir.  He  was  exceptionally  fond  of  music 
and  was  an  early  teacher  of  singing  schools.     Children : 

2.  i.        Mary,  b.   Oct.  4,   1807;   d.   Sept.  24,   1841;   m.   Mar.  8,   1832, 

Martin  Ames. 

3.  ii.       Hannah,  b.  June  16,  1809;  d.  Mar.  18,  1843;  m.  May  24,  1832, 

William  W.  Johnson. 

4.  iii.     Deborah,  b.  Oct.  12,  1811;  d.  June  18,  1865;  m.  Jan.  1,  1835, 

Henry  Adams  (W.  81). 

5.  iv.     John  Prescott,  b.  Apr.  11,  1814. -(- 

6.  v.       Peter  Hobart,  b.  Dec.  11,  1816.-|- 

7.  vi.     James  Rand,  b.  Nov.  27,  1823.-^ 

5.  John  Prescott'^  (John®,  Peter^  Peter*,  Peter^,  Uriahs 
Hugh^),  b.  Apr.  11,  1814;  d.  Mar.  3,  1889;  m.  1839,  Mary  Em- 
erson, dau.  of  Lubim  and  Lydia  (Burton)  Rockwood  of  Wil- 
ton [b.  1821;  d.  1904].  He  passed  his  life  in  New  Ipswich, 
being  engaged  in  various  mercantile  pursuits.  He  lived  in 
Bank  Village  until  1854,  where  for  about  ten  years,  as  a 
partner  of  William  W.  Johnson,  he  was  engaged  in  the  man- 
agement of  a  general  store.  Later  he  was  the  first  conductor 
on  the  Peterboro  &  Shirley  railroad,  as  the  line  from  Groton 
Junction  to  Mason  Village,  (now  Ayer  to  Greenville,)  was 
then  termed.  In  1854  he  removed  to  the  Center  Village  and 
for  a  brief  time  was  associated  with  Stephen  Thayer  in  the 
ownership  of  a  store  at  the  western  corner  of  the  turnpike  and 


Clark  (Hugh) 

the  old  Mason  Village  road.  He  inherited  very  fully  his 
father's  musical  ability,  which  further  descended  to  his  chil- 
dren, as  was  clearly  evidenced  by  the  entertainments  of  the 
"Clark  Troupe,"  composed  of  him  and  his  brother  Peter  H., 
with  members  of  their  families.     Children  : 

8.  i.       John  Rockwood,  b.  May  25,  1840;  d.  May  28,  1840. 

9.  ii.      John  Emerson,  b.  June  29,  1842;  d.  Feb.  7,  1889;  he  was  a 

tin  worker  in  Fitchburg,  Worcester  and  Lancaster  in  Massa- 

10.  iii.     Mary  Ellen,  b.  Sept.  14,  1844;  d.  Aug.  14,  1878,  unm.     She 

was  a  professional  musician  in  Boston. 

11.  iv.      William  Willis,  b.  Mar.  3,  1846.     He  is  a  musical  instructor 

in  Boston  and  vicinity. 

12.  V.       Abbie  Rockwood,  b.  Nov.  13,  1848;  d.  Aug.  31,  1903;  m.   (1) 

Charles  R.  Ford  [b.  Dec.  22,  1848;  d.  Sept.  23,  1886];  (2) 
Charles  E.  Berthoff.  She  was  a  professional  musician  of 
Boston,  both  as  a  teacher  and  as  a  member  of  leading 
concert  companies. 

13.  vi.      Frank  Burton,  b.   Sept.  24,   1850.     He  was  a  fruit  raiser  in 

Emmett,  Colo. 

14.  vii.     Charles   Herbert,  b.  Feb.   14,   1852;  m.  Jan.   10,   1884,  Jeanie 

M.  Herrick.     He  is  a  music  teacher  in  New  York  City. 

15.  viii.    Henrietta,  b.  Feb.  9,  1854;  d.  Aug.  14,  1868. 

16.  ix.      Lizzie  R.,  b.  May  2,  1856;  m.  Albert  F.  Crowell,  a  bookkeeper 

in  Boston.  Children :  i.  Clarence  Albert  Crowell,  b.  Mar. 
2,  1876;  d.  Nov.  14,  1908.  ii.  Marian  Follett  Crowell,  b. 
Jan.  27,  1880;  d.  Oct.  10,  1898.  iii.  Herbert  Clark  Crowell, 
b.  Nov.  6,  1882;  m.  Oct.  4,  1904,  Mabelle  Aer  of  Boston. 
He  is  a  salesman  in  Boston.    Two  children. 

6.  Peter  Hobart^  (John^  Peter^,  Peter*,  Peter^,  Uriah^, 
Hugh^),  b.  Dec.  11,  1816;  d.  Aug.  26,  1891;  m.  June  1,  1843, 
Sarah  Barnes,  dau.  of  Jesse  and  Lydia  (Barnes)  Patten  of 
Temple  [b.  Jan.  18,  1826;  d.  Dec.  29,  1892].  He  passed  his 
life  in  New  Ipswich,  living  for  many  years  in  the  house  pre- 
viously his  father's.  He  was,  first  of  all,  a  musician,  and 
around  him,  as  bandmaster  and  both  vocal  and  instrumental 
instructor,  the  music  of  the  town  centered.  His  wife  also  was 
for  a  long  time  a  teacher  in  connection  with  the  Academy, 
and  each  member  of  his  family  had  place  in  the  "Clark 
Troupe"  mentioned  above.  He  held  an  appointment  as  deputy 
sheriff,  and  was  also  for  ten  or  more  years  proprietor  of 
Clark's  Hotel  at  the  old  stand  on  the  turnpike  next  east  from 
the  corner  store,  which  under  his  care  was  a  popular  summer 
resort.     Children : 

17.  i.        Margaret  Barnes,  b.  Mar.  12,  1847 ;  d.  May  26,  1867. 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

18.  ii.       Harriet  Patten,  b.  Nov.  27,  1850;  m.  (1)  Mar.,  1870,  George 

L.  Gates  of  Ashby,  Mass.;  (2)  Jan.  31,  1878,  William  George 
McKown  of  Boston  [d.  June  28,  1884].  Children:  i.  Ethel 
McKown,  b.  Feb.  19,  1879;  m.  Oct.  28,  1896,  Ralph  E.  Parker 
of  Boston  (N.  14).  ii.  Annie  McKown,  b.  Aug.  23,  1880; 
d.  June  16,  1881. 

19.  iii.      Annie,  b.  Sept.  3,  1853;  d.  Mar.  16,  1860. 

7.  James  Rand^  (John«,  Peter^  Peter*,  Peter^  Uriah^, 
Hugh^),  b.  Nov.  27,  1823;  d.  Nov.  13,  1888;  m.  1854,  Elizabeth 
Perkins.  He  was  a  dealer  in  sewing  machines  at  Biddeford, 
Me.,  of  which  city  he  was  mayor  for  a  time.  Later  he  was 
proprietor  of  a  livery  stable  in  Boston.    Children : 

20.  i.        Edmund  Robert,  b.  Dec.  18,  1854;  d.  Nov.,  1905;  m.  Mrs.  Cora 

Betts.     A  salesman  in  Boston. 

21.  ii.       Walter  Henry,  b.  Jan.  14,  1861 ;  d.  young. 

22.  iii.      Eugene  Lester,  b.  Jan.  14,  1861;  d.  June  11,  1907;  m.  Elenora 

Gleason  of  Boston.  He  succeeded  to  his  father's  stable 
business.     Child :     i.  Elizabeth  J.,  b.  Aug.   13,  1899. 


1.  Joseph^  Collins,  b.  about  1749;  d.  Jan.   10,   1836;  m. 

Lydia [b.  about  1744;  d.  Dec.  14,  1835].    He  had  a  small 

farm  upon  the  road  from  Smith  Village  to  the  Breed  farms, 
and  built  his  house  on  the  west  side  of  that  road  just  north 
of  the  brook  crossing  it,  (60,  N.  L.  O.)  The  cellar  is  still 
plainly  visible. 

2.  Nathan^  (Joseph^),  b.  Aug.  4,  1785;  d.  Sept.  4,  1867; 
m.  Lucy  D.  Preast  [b.  Oct.  28,  1786;  d.  Dec.  28,  1863].  He 
passed  most  of  his  life  upon  the  same  lot,  his  house,  still  oc- 
cupied, being  upon  the  east  side  of  the  road  a  quarter-mile 
farther  north  than  that  of  his  father.    Children  ; 

3.  i.       John  Augustus,  b.  Jan.  8,  1814;  d.  Apr.  16,  1814. 

4.  ii.       Nancy  Woodbury,  b.  Jan.  3,  1816;  m.  John  Pike. 


Roger'  Conant,  son  of  Richard  and  Agnes  (Clarke)  Conant,  b.  East 
Budleigh,  County  Devon,  England,  bapt.  Apr.  9,  1592;  d.  Nov.  19,  1679; 
m.  Nov.  11,  1618,  Sarah  Horton.  He  came  to  Plymouth  in  1623.  He  did 
not  settle  permanently  there,  but  removed  to  Nantasket  (Hull)  in  1624, 
was  at  the  Cape  Ann  settlement  on  what  is  now  the  west  shore  of 
Gloucester  Harbor  in  1625,  and  in  1626  was  apparently  the  head  of  the 
colony  at  Naumkeag  (Salem).  He  lived  in  the  section  which  became 
Beverly,  and  was  a  leader  in  the  formation  of  that  town. 



LoT^  (Roger'),  b.  about  1624;  d.  Sept.  29,  1674;  m.  Elizabeth,  dau.  of 
Rev.  William  Walton,  who  survived  him,  and  married  Andrew  Manslield 
of  Lynn.     He  lived  for  a  time  in  Salem,  but  removed  to   IJeverly. 

John'  (Lot=,  Roger'),  b.  Mar.  10,  1652;  d.  Sept.  30,  1724;  m.  May  7, 
1678,  Bithiah,  dau.  of  Andrew  and  Bithiah  Mansfield  of  Lynn.  He  was 
a  farmer  and  a  weaver  in  Beverly,  and  did  service  in  King  Philip's  war. 

Roger'  (Lot^  Roger'),  b.  Mar.  10,  1668/9;  d.  1745;  m.  Apr.  25,  1698, 
Mary,  dau.  of  Capt.  Thomas  and  Mary  Raymond.  About  1720  he  re- 
moved from  Beverly  to  that  part  of  Concord  which  is  now  Acton.  He 
was  a  weaver. 

Lot'  (John',  Lot',  Roger'),  bapt.  June  1,  1679;  d.  Sept.  20,  1767; 
m.    (1)   May  15,  1698,  Martha  Cleaves  [b.  about  1681;  d.  Feb.  15,  1725]; 

(2)    Susannah    Clark;    (3)    Mary   .      He    removed    from    Beverly   to 

Concord  about  1716. 

Josiah'  (Roger',  Lot=,  Roger'),  b.  Dec.  12,  1711;  m.  Feb.  9,  1745/6, 
Catherine,  dau.  of  Peter  Emerson  of  Reading  [b.  Dec.  20,  1718;  d.  Aug. 

2,  1809;    m.    (2)    Dec.    18,    1777,   Moses   Thurston].     He   settled   while   a 
young  man  in  West  Dunstable   (now  HoUis),  where  he  was  a  selectman. 

Andrew'  (Lot',  John',  Lot',  Roger'),  bapt.  Beverly,  Jan.  25,  1702/3; 
m.  (1)  Charlestown,  May  2,  1723,  Elizabeth  Taylor  [b.  about  1704;  d. 
Sept.  10,  1758]  ;  (2)  Concord,  June  6,  1759,  Mrs.  Mary  Hubbard  [b.  about 
1703;  d.  Nov.  30,  1763];  (3)  Danvers,  Mass.,  July  19,  1764,  Anna,  widow 
of  Daniel  Gardner.  He  was  a  farmer  in  Concord,  his  farm  adjoining 
that  of  his  father. 

Abel'  (Josiah',  Roger',  Lot',  Roger'),  b.  Oct.  3,  1755;  d.  May  2, 
1844;  m.  (1)  Nov.  20,  1681,  Margaret,  dau.  of  James  and  Margaret  Jewett 
of  Hollis  [b.  Oct.  18,  1758;  d.  July  25,  1788];  (.2)  Lydia  Thurston.  He 
resided  in  Hollis  until  1813  and  then  removed  to  Hardwick,  Vt.  He 
served  several  times  in  the  Revolution  and  was  at  Bunker  Hill.  He  was 
a  deacon  in  Hollis. 

Andrew"  (Andrew',  Lot',  John',  Lot',  Roger'),  b.  Aug.  22,  1725;  d. 
Sept.    17,   1805;    m.    (1)    Nov.  30,   1748,   Ruth   Brooks    [b.   about   1729;   d. 

Feb.   3,    1770];    (2)    Mary  [b.   about    1734;   d.   June  20,   1818].     He 

passed  his  life  in  Concord.     He  was  a  captain. 

Silas"  (Andrew',  Lot',  John',  Lot',  Roger'),  b.  Aug.  15,  1740;  d.  Apr. 

3,  1803;    m.    Dec.  30,   1762,   Lois,   dau.   of   Samuel   and   Elizabeth    Potter 
[b.  May  2,  1744;  d.  Nov.  12,  1815].     He  was  a  farmer  in  Concord,  Mass. 

L  Abel«  (Abel^  Josiah^  Roger^  Lo^,  Roger^),  b.  June  1, 
1784;  d.  Apr.  12,  1875;  m.  May,  1822,  Harriet  Hubbard  (4). 
He  studied  law  in  Townsend  and  New  Ipswich,  in  the  latter 
place  with  Benjamin  Champney.  He  was  admitted  to  the 
bar  in  1813.  He  practiced  at  Townsend  and  afterward  from 
1819  to  1826  in  New  Ipswich.  In  1834  he  removed  to  Lowell, 
Mass.,  where  he  studied  chemistry  and  mechanics  and  made 
some  useful  inventions.  He  is  said  to  have  made  a  parlor 
organ,  a  hollow  auger  nearly  as  now  used,  the  mortise  door 
lock,  and  certain  improved  means  for  causing  bread  to  rise. 

Children : 


History  of  New  Ipswich 

4.  i.        John,   b.   Apr.   3,    1823;    d.    Dec.  29,    1876;   m.    1851,   Frances, 

dau.  of  Peter  and  Hannah  Crowell,  a  well-known  spiritual- 
ist medium.     Res.  in  Boston. 

5.  ii.       Harriet  Maria,  b.  May  20,  1825. 

6.  iii.      Horace  J.,  b.  Sept.  17,  1827. 

7.  iv.      Sarah  Isabella,  b.  Jan.  14,  1829. 

8.  V.       James  Edwin,  b.  Feb.  3,   1831;  d.  Oct.   1,  1886;  m.    (1)    Feb. 

9,  1854,  Susan  Amelia  Rutherford;  (2)  Sallie  Lee.  He 
served  in  the  U.  S.  Interior  Dept.  and  in  the  War  Dept., 
and  for  many  years  engaged  in  the  business  of  railroad 
construction  in  the  South  and  West. 

2.  Zebulon'^  (Andrew^  Andrew^,  Lot*,  John^,  Lot^, 
Roger!),  i3  Oct.  29,  1749;  m.  Mary  Wright  [b.  Feb.,  1752]. 
He  lived  in  Winchendon,  Mass.,  at  the  time  of  the  Revoki- 
tion,  and  went  to  Cambridge  in  Capt.  Wilder's  company  at 
the  time  of  the  Lexington  alarm.  He  removed  to  New  Ips- 
wich in  1783  or  earlier,  and  was  a  farmer  upon  85,  A.  D.,  or 
perhaps  the  next  lot  to  the  west  of  it.  His  name  disappears 
from  the  town  records  before  1820.     Children : 

9.  i.        Ruth,  b.  May  2,  1772;  m.  Nov.  3,  1795,  James  Adams  (12). 

10.  ii.       Mary,  b.   Feb.   13,   1774;   m.  May  1,   1794,  Jacob  S.  Clary  of 

Leominster,  Mass. 

11.  iii.      Zebulon,  b.  May  11,  1776;  d.  July  8,  1803;  m.  Mary  Wright. 

He  was  drowned. 

12.  iv.      Hannah,  b.   May  4,   1779;   d.    1802;   m.   Oct.   8,   1801,  Jonas 


13.  v.       Joseph,  b.  Mar.  31,  1781.+ 

14.  vi.      Rebecca,  b.  July  31,  1783;  m.  Nov.  3,  1809,  John  W.  Spaulding 

of  Franklin,  Vt. 

15.  vii.     Betsy,    b.    Sept.    13,    1785;    m.    Mar.    25,    1813,    Lovander    F. 

Fuller  of  Grafton,  Vt. 

16.  viii.    Nathan,  b.  Feb.  9,  1788;  d.  Oct.  3,  1843. 

17.  ix.      Keziah,  b.  June  19,  1789;  m.  Sanders. 

18.  X.       Nancy,  b.  Aug.  10,  1793;  m.  Jan.  23,  1810,  Joseph'  Wetherbee. 

19.  xi.     Andrew,  b.  Feb.  12,  l796.-f 

3.  James^  (Silas^  Andrew^  Lot^  John^,  Lot^  Roger^),  b. 
May  26,  1788;  d.  Oct.  26,  1836;  m.  1810,  Seba,  dau.  of  Jesse 
Davis  [b.  Acton,  Mass.,  June  23,  1789;  d.  July  5,  1875].  He 
was  a  carpenter  in  Acton,  Mass.,  from  which  town  he  gave 
service  in  the  War  of  1812.  He  came  to  New  Ipswich  about 
1825  and  remained  eight  years,  living  on  the  Tenney  farm  on 
the  Greenville  road,  (19,  N.  D.)     Children: 

20.  i.        Luseba  Wright,  b.  Apr.   14,   1811;   d.  Feb.  2,  1859;  m.  Dec, 

9,   1836,  Josiah  Webber   (1). 

21.  ii.      Louisa  J.,  b.  Sept.  26,  1812;  d.  Oct.  16,  1892;  m.   (1)   May  9, 

1839,  Jonathan  L.,  son  of  William  and  Rebecca  (Lovejoy) 
Cogswell  of  Rindge;   (2)  Emerson  Howe  (J.  1). 



22.  iii.     James  Franklin,  b.  Nov.  23,  1814.+ 

2Z.  iv.      Jesse   Davis,   b.    Oct.   22,    1818;   m.   Rachel  Golopen.     He  re- 
moved to  the  West. 

24.  V.       Mary  R,  b.  July  20,  1820;  m.  (1)  Apr.  5.  1845,  Waiter  Davis; 

(2)  James  Comee  of  Fitchburg,  Mass. 

25.  vi.      Andrew,  b.  Nov.  13,  1822.+ 

26.  vii.     Sarah  Ann,  b.  New  Ipswich,  Feb.  1,  1825;  m.  Nov.  15,  1848, 

George  Henry  Ramsdell   (10). 

27.  viii.   George    Washington,    b.    New    Ipswich,    Apr.    11,    1827;    m. 

May   28,    1850,    Diana    P.,    dau.    of    Paul    and    Hannah    R. 
(Hannaford)    Boyce   (3).     Res.   Peterboro. 

28.  ix.      Sylvia    Maria,    b.    Nov.    17,    1829;    m.    Oct.    3,    1848,    David 

Thomas  of  Woodstock,  Vt.     Some  years  later  he  was  pro- 
prietor of  a  restaurant  beneath  Union  Hall. 

29.  X.       Harriet  Elizabeth,  b.  Mason,  Apr.  5,  1834;  m.  July  2,  1857, 

Horace  Eugene  Evans.     Res.  in  Townsend,  Mass. 

13.  Joseph^  (Zebulon^,  Andrew^  Andrew^  Lot*,  John^, 
Lot^  Rog-er^),  b.  Concord,  Mar.  31,  1781;  m.  (1)  Sept.  18, 
1806,  Patience  Sawyer  of  Bolton,  Mass.  [b.  May  10,  1782;  d. 
May  20,  1845]  ;  (2)  Dec.  25,  1845.  Nancy  (Simonds)  Puffer. 
He  went  to  Bolton,  but  soon  removed  to  Leominster,  Mass., 
v/here  he  was  a  shoe  manufacturer.     He  had  eight  children. 

19.  Andrew^  (Zebulon^  Andrew*',  Andrew^  Lot*,  John^ 
Lot^  Roger^),  b.  Feb.  12,  1796;  m.  Emily  Farnsworth  [b.  July, 
1799].  He  succ